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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 22, 1944, Image 5

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Thurmlay, June 22, 1944.
in Him ii i
Unless congress wakes up to
terrific problem of reconversion
particularly to the transfer of
ployment to civilian production, then*
will be a very bad situation before
Incidentally, the business lobby here
appears agreed that 6 or 7 months will
see the end of the European part of
the war, and it is figuring on about a
50 per cent cutback in war production
when that happens. Output of planes
and ships and associated items uieeded
to lx?at Jajjan will not be greatly ef
Increased labor pressure for the Kil
gore reconversion bill (S. ISIS) is to
bti expected shortly. Watch for several
im]xrtant unions to lay down facts
and figures on a nationwide basis, with
a thorough detail that will simply
amaze the representatives of business
and many senators.
Gradually the smarter people here
are becoming aware of organized labor
—not as a simple, old fashioned trade
union movement-—but as a social force.
And 1 hilt gxs much beyond vote-getting
and registration in political activity.
Libor’s qualified spokesmen in
Washington are really on the ball—all
the time. Armed, with facts, figures and
expert knowledge, they get more than
just a hearing—they get consideration
UJtd their ideas are given study.
As an answer to the move of the
Time .controlled Blue Network cutting
out the
lace is
by the
ture. Tims farmers would again have
a program, with some entertainment,
but carrying reliable facts and figures
unspoiled by the touch of financial
sixinsoiship .of some commercial inter
est. There’ll be sume loud tory pro
tests when this plan ponies out.
popular "Farm and Home
Vice President Henry A. Wul
reported mapping plans for a
broadcast sixmsored entirely
U. S. Department of Agricul-
When “D-Day” cartie in Detroit, Lo
cal 609 of the United Auto Workers
Rouge plant, issued a blue leaflet on
Election Of Officers
(Continued From Page One)
iu first place, as they did last year.
Brothers Bruce and Banner, our
delegates to the Convention, are trying
to figure out how
berth, as that is
for the trip. If
berth first, there
Banner. If Banner crawls in first, he
will very likely be smashed when
Hank retires. If any of you Northern
ers know the solution to this let us
know right away as time is short.—
O, U. 103.
ihey cdn sleep in one
all that is available
Hank gets into the
will lx* no room for
Demand the Union Label.
By TRAVIS K. HEDRICK, Federated Press
Washington.—Whim the frightened anti-labor crown in congress called out
the dogs to trull the (’ID's Political Action committee they hardly h»]»ed to find
their pals the DuPonts, the Pews, Frank Gannett and the NAM treed by the
hounds. But that is exactly what wus in prospect, and some choice bits of
financial scandal loom ih'v*nd.
After PAU Chairman Sidney Hillman appeared voluntarily at his own sug
gestion before the senate committee on privileges and elections, Senator Homer
Ferguson (R, Mich.) indicated It would search carefully for violations of the
Hatch act and the Smith-Connelly act among all the plush-bottomed donors
to the GOP’s war chest.
Newspapermen covering the Hillman hearing were almost unanimous In
their agreement that he made a gx»d Impression Ln outlining the aims and
purposes of PAC, which he said was working closely in many sections with
state and local units of the AFL and the Railroad Brotherhoods.
Hillman and PAC Associate Counsel John Abt apparently convinced the
majority of the senators present that the political arm of CIO has kept care
fully within Ixith the spirit and letter of the federal statutes.
Chief among thejwiints supporting the CIO’s defense is that the Smith-Con
nelly act prohibits contributions “in connection with any election,” and spe
cifically exempts primaries ami conventions from its provisions. Up to date
PAC has involved itself only in primary campaigns, and in these it apix?ars to
be dearly outside of the law’s jurisdiction.
When Senator Joseph H. Ball (R, Minn.) contended that PAC’s |xster
picturing President Rixisevelt and bearing the label “I-A in Our Draft” was
an expenditure in violation of the corrupt prapticos «'d. Attorney Abt quickly
pointed out that if that were true, every newspaper editorial indorsing a candi
date in an election would also be a violation.
Except for whatever political capital the Republican reactionaries care to
make out of their shouting against labor's political activity, it appears that so
fa,r the PAC has its enemies over the barrel.
Hillman told the committee that the questions being brought to the ixople
by his group and' those cooperating with it in the field were whether, when
the victory is won, “shall the U. S. fully participate in the establishment of an
enduring jieace based upon the principles of the Atlantic charter and guaranteed
by the close association, continued friendship and collaboration of the United
Nations? Or will the peace lx* another armed and uneasy truce between wars?
“Shall we at home move forward to the realization of the goals outlined
by President Roosevelt in tiie bill of economic rights by fully utilizing our great
natural, industrial and human resources for the benefit of all the peofile? Or
sluill we be thrown backward into insecurity, unemployment, misery and chaos?”,
Hillman said PAC- was conducting political education in the full and
deepest sense of that word, and added that it was not formed for 1944 alone,
but was a permanent agency. He repeated what has been said of PAC before,
that its chief concern is not whether voters register as Republicans or Demo
crats—but to assure the largest possible ballot in 1944.
Answering the question of why PAC has been successful, he said “The
methods which we employ in carrying on our registration campaign are quite
simple. As trade unionists, we are great believers in organization. We think
that this is a subject that we know something about. So we have simply ap
plied what we know about organization to the task of qualifying American
citizens to exercise their fundamental right of citizens!)!})—the right to vote.”
Aud that has the lories really worried.
Washington.—Assurances are being
given jittery industrial tycoons by
their intrenched lobbyists here that
nothing will lx? done about real recon
version by congress until the- end of
the war—pr at least the end of the
war’s Euroix’an phase. Congress, is de
scrilx'd as in no mtxul now to consider
problems it feels are -post-war matters.
Which is where congress is wrung and
must be set straight. -f
the morning shift hailing .the invasion
and saying “Make ‘D-Day’ Stand for
Double.” Three slogans were on the
leaflet: Double your production effort,
Double your war bond purchases,
Double your donations of blood.
In one of the buildings the bond
quota of the workers was $125,000 for
the Fifth War Loan Drive. In ’3%
hours the union men of Ford resixmd
ed to the D-Day appeal and went over
the top with $185,000 worth of bonds.
It really impressed the management.
That is the way to answer slurs on
labor’s patriotism.
What will Representative
Starnes, vice chairman of the
committee do no\C that he has
defeated in the Alabama primary by
Alliert Rains?
One report has It that .Tie will go
mack ijito the army. He is a lieutenant
colonel in the 167th infantry regiment,
com|xsed originally of Alabamans.
That outfit is now fighting in New
Dutch Forced To
Work On Defenses
Action Taken By Germans
Following News Of In?
vasion OJ France
York.—News of the Allied in
of France has resulted in an
roundup by the Germans of
Dutch civilians for labor on fortifica
tions. Men of all ages and from all
walks of life were transixn-ted at their
own ex|xnse to various coastal areas
regarded as likely invasion ixiints, the
German news agency D.N.B, admitted
in a recent broadcast.
Netherlands's who owned trucks,
other vehicles and construction ma
chinery were forced to turn them over
to the Nazis, the broadcast disclosed,
but the German authoritieH were so
big-hearted as not to charge them for
the gas.
The lastest conscripts are in addi
tion to .the approximately 750,000
Dutch laborers already drafted, or in
the process of being drafted for Nazi
war work throughout German-occu
pied Europe.
Because of the German fear that
Hollanders who return to their home
land on leave from forced labor serv
ice will join the underground to await
the coining Allied invasion, these
leaves have been suspended repeatedly
on one pretext or another.
At the beginning of the year it was
announced that no leaves would be
granted until M’*y 15. The German au
thorities were api»arently convinced
that the Allied invasion would take
place before that date, because a few
days after May 15, a new notice ap
peared in the Netherlands press stat
ing that homeland vacations would be
postponed through June. A Nazi paper,
printed for distribution among Dutch
workers in Germany, said on May 22
that this postixmement had been or
dered “in connection with great mili
tary events which were exacted to
occur before May 15. Since this has
not been the case, it is necessary to'
continue the measures.”
Huuiphrey Bogart, Helmut Dantine, George Tobjas and Billy Roy are cast
in inqxirtant roles in Warner Bros.’ new film,. “Passage to Marseille,” which
starts its engagement Sunday for four days at the Ceramic Theater/
Inspiring Address On Union
Label Delivered By Ornburn
(Continued From Page One)
here in the null, but we, the officers of
the Union Laliel Trades Dpar.tment,
have a problem, a real problem. It is
time to begin flunking what we are
going to do alxmt it. ,»
First of all we have more Union
Label contracts in effect with manu
facturers than ever before in the his
tory of the American Federation of
Labor, but there are less Union Labe!
articles on the shelves than dver be
fore. You wonder, of course, why |hat
is. These manufacturers in consumer
goods industries are working almost
exclusively on war work and selling to
the government-agencies. They are not
required to attach a Union Label so
you have great industries throughout
the United States that have Union
Laliel agreements with the various or
ganizations affiliated with the Ameri
can Federation of Labor, but the
manufacturer cannot fill the retailers’
needs, so many of the new members
coming into the American Federation
of Labor hear you and I talk about
the Union Laliel, the Union Shop Card
and Union services, but when they go
to buy something, they cannot find
merchandise with the Igibel attached
upon the shelves of the retailers. He
makes that demand two or three times
and then forgets about asking
Lalxded merchandise. He just gets
couraged, I guess.
It fca# called to *hi‘y attehtfoh
other day, that five merclmnts in
City of Elizabeth, Tennessee, wanted
to stock a line of Union Uilxd over
alls. They contacted all the Union
Label overall manufacturers and each
manufacturer had to reixrt back that
the government is taking all of his
supplies amj he was unable to fill any
of their orders. So in addition to that
problem we are facing, we shall have
21,000,000 men and women who will be
released from the armed forces ami
our war industries. That means when
the shooting
will have to
in war
to findjobs.
stops, 21,000,000 workers
find jobs in the industries
peacetime requirements,
lie 11,000,000 men and
in uniform, phis the 10,-
men and women now employed
plants, who are going to have
There are approximately 17,O0O,O0o
women in all types of employment to
day in the United States but there are
only 2,700,000 women in munitions
industries and only 192,000 in our
armed forces. There are a great many
things that women can do as well as
men and a great many things at which
they excel. Many of these women will
desire to continue working
are discharged from war
and the armed forces.
when they
the women
We have no quarrel with
in industry, not so long as they de
mand equal pay for equal services per
formed, but the big problem with tliese
women workers—especially those who
haVe gone into industry for the first
time—is to teach them the meaning, of
the Union Lalx*l to educate them to
take their Union-earned money to the
market place and insist uixm Union
Label merchandise and Union, services.
So you cap readily understand that we
have a big task ahead of us.
Here are some of the things ixjople
will want when ix*ace comes and
would buy right now
4,800,600 cooking stoves, 2,500,000
heating stoves, 7,250,000 bed springs,
1,600,(MM) hot water heaters, 820,000
hot water tanks, (MMl.OtM) furnaces,
492,(MX) oil barters, 3,400,000' bicycles,
4,(MM),o0O Washington machines, 3,250.
(MX) sewing machines.
Now that is only a partial shopping
list. There are thousands more items
that consumers are going to buy as
soon as the shooting is over. Our job is
to educate theqi so that they will buy
union-made articles.
We must educate the women folks.
Some men take the attitude tluit it
doesn’t matter what their wives do
with the union-earned money they take
home. That Is the
is your business to
members of your
only Union Label
services. After all,
of the money in America today. They
take your union-earned dollars out and
spend many of them for non-union
goods and services. We are told that
over $0.90 out of. every dollar pgsses
wrong attitude. Jt
educate the women
household to buy
merclftindise. ami
women spend most
through women’s hands on their way
to the retailer.".
During the fhW months/ all rfecbrds
of production in America have beeiL
broken.. Of that accomplishment^ wo
are proud. In order to win the war
both the wage-earner and the manu
facturer have broken, all ixrmluctioii.
records. During -all of the war, there
has not lx*en a shortage of anything
due to the failure of. the soldiers of
production. Don’t forget that. We have
not let our fighting men on the battle
fields down. Still the daily palters
would have you lx*lleve and would
have the soldiers on the battlefield be
lieve that we have let him down.
Now we have a story to tell that we
cannot tell through the newspajiers,
but we can tell that story by the ex
penditure of this reserve of cash that
we have Mhved through- War Bonds
and W’ar Saving Stamps. In addition
to workers’ savings, the citizens gen
erally have huge, savings in building
and loan associations, and other saving
agencies. The liest way for us .to tell
our story is by demanding that th*?
things we buy be^pnion-made. I know
in your local uuioa. you have a few
members who never had to make tlx?
fight that the pioneers had to make to
build -up the Maryland State and Dis
trict of Columbia Federation of Labor
and you must'educate them. Otherwise,
they will place much dependence
upon government protecting their jobs
and wage& Don’t deixmd iqx»n govern
mental regulation^ or some govern
mental agency to irtaintaln and protect
your wages. The lest ixilicy is to do
what Samuel Gompers told us to do
und that is never to depend uixm the
federal government to do what a trade
union should do /for itself and
Tiie government will’ freeze
union membership, but they will
build up a union they never have.
You-may go before the War Labor
Board or before the National tabor
Relations Board and you may have an
85 ix»r cent membership they will
freeze it at 85 per cent, but they will
let the other 15 ier cent go on cutting
your heart out. Where are tliese 15
I»er cent going to be when tiie war is
over? They are not going to come over
and join your union. They are going
to the employer and say, “Mr. Em
ployer, I didn’t join the union, and I
am not going join the union. I am
going to work for the wages and under
the conditions that you waut mt* to
work." That is what the conditions
will lx?. Don't forget that .tiie great
unions have been built under the old
system of voluuteerism. If they didn't
join, then* were ways to ]x?rsuade
them to join, and it worked. That is
how the labor movement has grown.
We are tiie only nation in the world
that can meet as we are meeting here
today. This is the greatest country in
the world with the greatest system in
tlu? world. Only tnder. such a system
our system for that of any other sys
tem in the world or trade their citizen
ship for citizenship. Ln any
tlon In the world.
the labor movement liave pros
as it has here. I would like to
any delegate in this convention
up that would want to change
other na-
we don’t,
our work^
When this war is over,
want to lower our wages or
ing conditions. 1 want to lie a gx»d
labor man, 365 days in the year and so
do you. We will help these folks why
are returning to peacetime industry
and those who an* returning from the
armed services. Ir is going to .be txily
a question of how many of our boys
shall die on a foreign battlefield. We
are going to win this war, but let's win
by preserving American institutions
here in the United States. And when
we cash these War Bonds and spend
Now Is the Timo
to Buy Cool
Office 934 Home 693
Railroad & Bollock Streets
For Women
of Ao Tittot
The American Iabor Movement is
sixty year* old this year. Organization
of- the Federal Society of Journeymen
Uordwaiaera (shoemakers) in Phila
delphia Io 1704 was the first answer
to management's cry that certain ele
ments of'labor were trying to rule or
When thb (Constitution was ratified
in 17U1 Little Bcslnesx found Big Busi
ness next door overnight swamping it
with lower production costs and cheap
foreign imports. Management, to pre
fect investment, begua cutting wages
Sad laborers huddled tsgpther to pro
tect traditional work rules, isiy levels,
quality production and. thu American
Way of life.
Their strange new. weapon, was the
strike. From there went on. the eternal
rows over collective, bargaining and
the tug of. war over hunma rights
versus property rights.
Chance# are you’ll now' be-able to
buy underpants for Junior and cease
worrying lest, he le exposed to the
draft WPB reports that manufac
turers of knit underwear for children
went up 40 ier cent over last year
and the manufacture of sleeping gar
ments for children is up 1)2% per cent
for the first quarter of 1944 over 1943.
Lacking the usual paste used with
fracture bandages a Marine medical
Officer in the Marshall Islands turned
to the ordinary gelatin dessert
Price Administrator Bowles admitted
in a radio address’that the OPA has
fallen do\yn badly in its efforts t© con
trol clothing prices and. inflation in
this field has become a reality instead
of a threat. This is manifested mainly
in the form. of quality deterioration
instead of a rise in ceiling prices. The
garments to which the former price
tickets are attached have lx*en so de
based in quality that inflation actually
exists in this field today.
lx)w cost items have disappeared
from the retailers’ shelves and forced
the substitution of more exixmsive
articles at increased clothing costs.
Manufacturers have not violated OPA
ceiling prices but have stopped mak
ing chea|er garments because it is
more profitable to turn out higher
priced ones.
PofMihirity in home sewing is reflect
ed in a trade report that pattern sales
for 1043 amounted to 70 million.
A new bulletin written, with the be
ginner. in rnuul, “Making a Dress at
Home,’’ by Margaret Smith, clothing
sjecialist of the U. S. Dejijt. of Agri
culture may be had by writing the
Office of Information of that Deiiart
rnent at Washington, D. C. It contains
clear instructions and drawings from
buying pattern and material until
dress is finished and pressed. Each
step includes the imixjrtant details that
give the air of gwd grooming to the
finished dress. v
Rayon dresses that become limp and
crush easily after washing may lie
given a lift by dipping in a gelatin and
water solution. Starching is unsuccess
ful with most rayon but gelatin gives
the needed Ixidy. For the average dress
soak .two tablesixxms of granulated
gelatin in cold water, then dissolve in
boiling water. ’ool with enough cool
water to barely cover dress. Wash and
rinse dress and squeeze through the
gelatin solution. Roll in bath towel and
Basque shirts are the answer to the
wardrobe problem for the entire family,
for sjxirt wear and summer vacations.
They are the perfect compliment for
short or slacks for boys and girls and
adults alike. They look casual and
carefree and are copies of the swash
buckling striixd shirts worn long ago
by the Basque fishermen in the South,
of France.
It’s time to stick out your chests,
our savings in the market place, we
are going to insist u|xm Union Labels,
Shop Cards and Service Buttons.
Will assure those much needed dol
lars when unexpected emergencies
Those individuals who do not enjoy
this favorable position will find our
A most convenient and economical
way to meet financial reverses.
When justified, we advance cash on
personal notes at 6% interest a
year plus a $2.00 investigation fee,
which can be repaid in eigthteen
months or less.
reaicu wuu
confidence. I
Inquiries treated with strictest
The, I
“East Liverpool's Oldest Baids'*
Member Federal Reserve System,.
Federal Depoeit Insurauee
Metal Polishers,' Union Waives
Initiation Fee For War Veterans^
Similar Action rfas Already
Been Taken By Three
Other Unions/
Cincinnati, Ohio (IDNH). Another
influential Federation of Labor union
has waived initiation fees to facilitate
employment of returning war-veterans.
Ray K e 1 s a y, prestdent-secrete ry
treasurer of the old established Metal
Polishers, Buffers, Platers and Help
ers International Union announced
here that honorably discharged vet
erans from the armed forces of the
United ^tates, if suitably qualified,
will be admitted to membership in the
union without payment of initiation
Kelsay said also that the executive
hoard of the Metal Polishers Union
has established a rule designed to con
tinue in. good standing, without pay
ment of does or assessments, all mem
bers now
The rule
pants in
serving in the armed forces,
further- provides that such
immediately become partid
the uaton’s benefit, program.
With practically all of its member
ship working in war industries, the
Metal Polishers -have not had a stop-
girls, in case you haven’t already been
doing it. William Maulton Marston, in
a current woman's magazine, makes a
report on a survey he has made of
intellectual capacity men versus
women. It proves that women can do
more mental work ia a given time than
nan and do it more accurately. Simi
lar tests made on school children show
definite superiority of girls over boys.
Comparing male and. female clerks
performing similar work in large'Cor
poration offices and- factories figures
indicate the women brainworkers at-*
tain a 7 to 6 suiieriority over men.
The survey shows that while women
possess perfectly gxxl brains they often
fail to use them, as men do. The reason
given is-that women’s brains are better
developed than men’s brains in the
areas that generate emotion, proving
them to be twice as emotional as men.
Therefore, this^ emotion- seems to clog
their mental machinery and throws
monkey wrenches into .the- intellectual
If a woman in distress-can be shown
that thinking, and thinking, alone, will
accomplish her emotional purpose, she
will think.
So, “if yxi want love, success, or an
inner source of superiority and power
which no one can deprive you of, learn,
to think, and once you’ve learned you’ll
never miss an opport unity
you’ll enjoy the process and
suits,” says Mr. Marston.
the re-
’Women get most out of a
period if it' is conducted by an older
woman because they, are less dismayed
by criticism from another and older
woman than they are if it comes from
a man.
Your investment in a life insurance policy under
wartime conditions helps our country in the follow
ing ways
1. Your premiums are invested by your Com
pany in Government Bonds.
2. Your life insurance policy provides an imme
diate estate for your family should you die
during the war period.
3. If you survive the war period, your policy
will provide you with a cash fund which will
enable you to- prepare for. the problems of
the reconstruction period.
4. Your premium payment represents a self
imposed thrift that decreases competiton for
consumers' goods, and. thereby reduces the
hazard of inflation.
The Union Labor Life Insurance Company provides a.
policy form to fit every purse and purpose for Juveniles
and Adults. Experienced life insurance agents will recog
nize the many opportunities for the sale of our attractive
insurance contracts.'^We also welcome applications from
persons interested in entering the life insurance field.
Write lor Information to
Life Insurance Company
v MATTHEW WOLL. Preaidant!
page of work since the “no-strike”!,
pledge was made to President Roose
volt by AFT, leaders the day after the^
attack on Pearl Harbor. f-
Other A FL unions which have takenfi
action similar to that of the Metalf
P»lbhers include the Internationale
Association of Machinists, the United
Brotherhxxl of Carpenters and Join
ers of America and the International?’
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. ,.
The survey, which is representative
of the nation’s 4,650 lalxtr-mauagement■
committees covering 73ta),000 workers,
was conducted chiefly through inter
views by. regional and district mana
gers of the War Production Drive.
All Occasions^
Ofr'X'FH.'KCElKiI* 1
(Continued From Page One)
at least, of a great willingness by
workers, chiefly women, to seek,
plant employment.
7. Practically every labor- manage-^
ment committee conducted some sort,.
rf In-pjant prayer service on D-Day.?
There were “no demonstrations but al,
sober determination.” Many plants'
held mass rallies, highlighted by pray-rU
erg and renewed production pledges,
8. Most labor management commit
tees were preparing .their Fifth War
Loan Drive when D-Day came, and
workers “jumped the gun.” Every re
gion rejMirts plants where purchases
rose, sometime doubling and tripling*
previous records.
9. Redf'roas blood donor drives were
being conducted by many labor-man
agement committees when invasion
came, and here, too, there was a tre
mendous increase in interest, with
goals quickly met and surpassed.
10. Many reguLarlysBcheduled labor
nuumgement committee meetings held
during invasion week pledged them
selves to meet production quotas and
mapf*sl plans.to concentrate on new*
production drives.
1 s
s i
“Lorna,” the Perfect Fertilizer
ttoo. ®ur ttora is dossd oa Sundays.

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