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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, July 06, 1944, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1944-07-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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Knight, publisher of the
Beacon-Journal mid the Miami Herald,'
appointed the “committee freedom
of communications” in accordance with
a resolution passed, in April by tlu?
Equality Of Access To News
2—Equality of access in all coun
tries by all pro|M*rly accredited press
and radio represontatlveM, domestic or
foreign, to news nt Its source, for the
reason that if trutli In available to all
at Hie same time truthful men and re
jx»rters will Im* present, and truthful
accounts will eventually prevail.
3—Equality of access for all prop
erly accredited press and radio repre
sentatives to adequate Un nsmisxlon
facilities which shall prompt^ trans
jnit nows at miKonnble rales. N
Pointing out that the U. H. Consti
tution recognizes press freedom ns a
"fundamental essential in th(* main
tenance of a democracy,” Knight de
clared that, to insure the free flow of
truthful news, “all channels of In
formation must lie o|x‘ii to Hie move
ment of news without intervening con
trol, restraint or suppression,"
Utility Employees
Vote For A F, of
Washington, D. ’. (ILNH), Em
ployees of Ha* Washington Gas Light
’o„ for many yenrs menils'i'M of n coin
pnny union, voted Inst week under the
Mi|M*rvixion of tin* National Lalxir Re
iatlons Board for an American Federa
tion of Lalxir union, according an
iinnouncenient by Ralpii U. Boyer,
A FL organizer.
All of tin* employees of the utility,
out side and inside workers, with the
exception of I lie xii|xrvlsorx, have lx*cn
Workers I’nlon. Independent
result of the balloting Indicates, says
Boyer, that they now desire A FL af
of the Wasliingloli Gas
and I lit*
Bnlloting was held in I plants of the
company and result(*d ns follows: with
1024 employ«*es eligible to vole, 9
voted for no union 8 wen* challenged
0 wen* void 415 voted for the hide
]x*ndeiit union and 401 voh*d for tin*
The 8 utilities in the nation's capllal,
flic telephone, gns and electric eotn
ptUilex, eatli have Independent unions.
With the gas company union cracking
Up, union officials see ^xsMI»l 111 les of
the other 2 coming over to the AFL.
American Labor
fCM/issrW From Page One)
Thirteen Newspaper Editors
Named To Push Demand For
Press Freedom Guarantee
John S. Knight, President Of The American Society Of
Newspaper Editors, Says Publication Of Unbiased
News Would Make For World Peace 1
Detroit (ILNS).—Publication of unbiased news would make
for world peace, John S. Knight, president of the American Society
of Newspaper Editors, said here in appointing a committee of 13
to work for international agreements on freedom of the press.
Fundamental causes of war would be exposed and is discour
aged by daily publication of news free from influence of self
interest, Knight declared. He said the committee would present a
resolution for world press freedom to the Republican and Demo
cratic conventions.
Assails Political Censorship
fhe publisher, who recently finished
fm assignment in London as liaison
officer between United States and
British censorship offices, denounced
unnecessary political censorship.
"We believe and recognize that in
war time there is urgent need for mili
tary censorship,” he said, “but we do
not believe, even Ln war time, there is
need for ixditical censorship. At war’s
end we Iwlieve that a free and honest
press in every country would con
tribute greatly toward lessening the
chance of future wars and also in
crease the probability of n
enduring peace."
firm and
having to
press and
He called on “all ix»rsons
do with the freedom of the
who are Intenwted in any
connected with |x*ace settlements” to
seek provisions in future agreements
1—a declaration for freedom of
speech and press and condemnation of
lM»acPtlme censorship and distortion
and tainting of the flow of news and
flat Atlantic It equipp'd divisions
the renascent French Army It hel|s*d
feed Ila* (suples of our Allien and of
North Africa and Italy: it chaswl th«*
Japanese Navy out of the Pacific back
Ch?e to Its home waters."
View Future With ConfMenre
In commenting on jswt war condi
tions, Forrettnl said the ih*m«M*racles
h.c.? proicd that they can withstand
the shocks of war and then asked if
there were reason to lack confidence
that with equal will and equal Macri
ne'e they cun withstand the shocks of
"The economy of the United Rtates,
even (hat Notiietlmea abused sphere of
activity known as hu-iness, produced
and mdiMiri.il organic, ton and a pro
dmrlve machine which have I teen able
to |wurr out the torrent of weapon*
which today la swamping our enemies
Nhntdd we assume that this sys
tem, whr.h rolled Imck the thle of the
new barbarians of the Twentieth ’*n
lury, slxxild we a as nine That this
economy, thia government, will fad In
j(CUM i' he naked.
Invent in Victory—10 per cent of pay
la War Beads today.
Detroit Free-Press, the Akron
Big Work Agencies
Ended On June 30
Two Former Giant Projects
Are Liquidated By Ac
tion Of Congress
Washington, I). (ILNS). Two
former giant government work agen
cies, the Works Projects Administra
tion and the Public Works Administra
tion, laitli of which were supfiorted by
organized lalwn*, ended their careers
at midnight of .hint* 30.
By net of ^Congress, the two agen
cies were liquidated and the remaining
personnel, a grand total of idxnit 35
employees, and left over unfinished
business were placed in ttie hands of
Major General Philip Fleming, head
of the Federal Works Agency.
WPA and PWA were designed to
lift tlu* American |M*ople out of the
d«*pression and give employment to
millions who were in or near the
breadlines in 1932 and 1933. Legisla
tion establishing them was passed with
Hie xiipiMirt of Hie American Federa
tion of Lalxir.
Millions of dollars are lieing turned
back to the Treasury through liquida
tion of the two agencies, WPA is turn
ing back around $139,999,099, in unex
pended funds, and PWA about $10,900,
On pafx*r at least, PWA, also has
made a profit, estimated by some
otllchils as lietween $14,000,000 and
$15,090,000. PWA bought approximate
ly $825,000,000 of cisinty and municipal
bonds thn.t neither bankers nor indi
viduals in those days wanted. PWA
already has dls|Mxed of more than
$900,000,000 of them, through lhe Re
construction Finance Corp., to those
Maine Ixiiikers mid individuals. The
profits went back into the Treasury.
Not Compelled
(Continued From Pate One)
refuse a group of jobs and come Imck
later to lx* offered oilier (*qually 1m
ixirtant jobs. It was pointed out, how
ever, Hint Ids refusal to take a priority
job will not iqx'n tlie door for him t«»
less Iiii|M)i'tant JoiH.
1'nder tlie national Htamlards, work
ers have "good cause” for refusing 11
Jolt when the Job would not use their
skills fully 01* would lie for less than
fiill Hiix* work when wages or work
ing conditions are below those prevail
ing In comparable employment and
when the worker’s acceptance of the
Jolt offered would "requirt* Idin to Join
or resign froin, or refrain from Joining
11 Inlxtr organization” over his objec
McNiill also provided Hint workers
eiin lx* referred Io oilier thim essential
joiix only when they are not needed for
any eMxentlal work in (lie area, when
they are unable to accept esMt*ntiiil
work outsl(h the urea, mid when "un
due hardships” or “h|mh*1ii1 emergency
circumshiiicpH’’ prevent acceptance of
(*MNetitlal work.
Chicago (II.NR). Jobless benefit
payments in May increased 37 |»er ciit
to $705,588 from $414,410 in Hie pre
reding month, State Director of IjiImu*
Francis B. Murph.x re|x»rted. t'niii
pan*d with May, 1943, however, pay
ments in May are down one-tilth.
"Of tin* 10,524
nlent benefit* tn
only 2,818, or 27
Chicago area,
(•(■unties, where
covered workers
Director Murphy sa|d. "The bulk of
the unemployment during Muy or
cursed in the area from Litchfield to
tla* southern Ixirder of Hie stnte. Else
where In Illinois unemployment Is nb
nor mu 11 low.
"Chief eonti'lbilling factors,’' Mur
phy said, "are (1) cancellation or com
pletion of war contracts in Evansville,
EaMt St. Mails, Alton and other iminn
facftirlng centers, (2) spring HimhIs
which terni|M»i'arlly stop|it*d production
at many sotitliern points, (3) shut
down of mines for repair In various
mining districts, 4* closedown of
witgon-mlneM which o|x*rate only in
xx'lnter and (5 rrtnrn of native lalxr
which hud migrated t» California and
other Mates where certain ty|M*s of
war manufacturing have now tapered
\L/?. ’L_
who drew uneniploy
tlie state last month,
|M»r cent, were in the
Uook add DuPage
more than half tin*
III Hie state reside,"
With our fighters, overseas, one of
the -hast lads I* a pack of Union Label
The Government has made every
effort to keep milk supplies adequate.
It. has promoted the substitution of
oleomargarine for butter in order to
curtail the practice of churning, which
r*dtices tile fresh milk supply. The
Government has refraln*d from ration
ing milk, and the quota available lias
been kept at 1M |s*r cent of that avail
able in pre-war years. The fact is, we
Ban On Homework
Upheld By Court
Action Of Wage-Hour Act
Administrator Supported
In U. S. Circuit Court
New York City (II.NS).*-The U. S.
Circuit Court of Aix'eiils, in a 2-to-1
decision, has upheld the action of L.
Metcalfe Walling, wage-hour act ad
ministrator, in banning tlie employ
ment of home workers in the etu
broidery industry.
With I lie curicurrenci* of Judge
Learned Hand, Judge Jerome N. Frank
held that Walling, in issuing tin* ban
ns part of an order that also set a
miiiiiiiiim wage of 40 cents an hour for
embroidery workers, had acted within
the autliority granted him under Sec
tion 8 (fl of the Fair Lilian* Standards
Act of 1938.
Dissenting, Judge Thomas W. Swan
maintained tliat Walling's jxiwer under
this esction was limited to the making
of regulations for carrying out Hie
11Hnitintin wage and hours provisions of
the law, and then only to sucli regula
tions ns were "truly incidental" to the
main object. Hi* held Hint Hie virtual
elimination of homework in which
8,500 persons, or alxiut a third of the
embroidery indtistry, had engaged, was
beyond the administrator's ixiwer.
Coleman Gangel, counsel for some
of the numerous employers and em
ployees who hud sought nullification of
tlie order, said tin* case would be ap
pealed to the Supreme Court.
Unions Urged To Report
Purchases Of War Bonds
Washington, D. (TtNS).—Organ
ized lalxtr, which has l»«**ii a steady
buyer of war bonds through payroll
savings and N|x*'lal campaign pur
chases by individuals and unions, is
Ix'lng urged hy the Treasury Depart
ment to "tell tin* world” of the record
it is establishing.
James L. llougliteling. as a part of
the $T(J,«MM 1,000,000 Fiftli War Loan,
asked officials of 100 national and in
ternational unions to re|xrt the aiixHint
of securities bought in previous war
loans both by unions and Individual
memlxTS, the purchases during tla*
Fifth War lxmi and mi estimate of
the mixiunt bougfit by members through
payroll savings and other means of
regular purchases, i
"I feel tlie country ought to know
alxHit the splendid record that thi*
memlx'rs of organized labor through
out the nation have developed In linck
ing our men In the armed- forces,"
Houghteling said.5 '"k -7.
T’ai»er is saved at the rate of a million pounds a year
mit by the labor-management committee representirtg the Western Cartridge
Co., East Alton, Ill., and AFL molders, machinists, pattern makers and elec
trical workers, and members of United Mine Wdrg$rs (unaffiltated). (WPB
l,lt- Vl- .VJ“-ygy^C.ajel Pjcturt») _^.r_At.____y
Place Your Milk Order—•And Keep The Bottles Emptied
In these busy days when women an*
working and cooking for their families
ts, it Is important^ that the most
nourishing quickly prepared dishes lie
made. Milk is a food which will bal
ance diets planned In hasty or hap
hazard manner with more safety .than
any other fixid. It is our most perfect
f(sid because It has curisihy(Irate, pro
tein, and fat, and Itecause it contains
some of almost every mineral and vita
min known. It is an excellent source
of calcium which is so imisirtant for
building bones and teeth. Since it is
hard to obtain a sufficient amount of
tills mineral, we are practically com
pelled to rely on milk as a source of
it. Riboflavin is a vitamin known to be
deficient in the American dietary and
milk is one of our main stand-bys for
it. Milk is also an excellent souixe of
Vitamin A.
In a process
are consuming more milk. Today the
average consamption per person per
year is 58 pounds greater than it was
in 1930.
Each family should maWPlUlftudy
of tlie amount of milk its members
consume. Each child needs a quart of
milk daily, and each adult—a pint.
With this supply of milk coming Into
tlie home, tty.q, next problem is—"How
to Get It Consumed.” If everyone likes
to drink milk the problem takes care
of itself. Dry cereals at breakfnst-time
require quite a lot of milk. If they
dislike milk it should not lx? forced
upon them. Large amounts can be in
corporated in the fxd.
time to plan
milk in cook-
Of course tlie busy
does not have much
about methods of using
ing. There tip.*, however, a few simple
tilings that 9m be done without dig
ging tliroughjl»e recipe file. 4
Oatmeal be cooked with”mflk
instead of water. Milk gravy is more
nourishing than water gravy. There
are realms of store-bought powders
which can lie used for making pud
dings liy the addition of milk. Dehy
drated soups make a valuable contri
bution to the diet when prepared with
milk. Tills does not mean that we are
forgetting our old reliables—hot choco
late, refrigerator ices, creamed dishes,
and cream soups.
(More jirllcles to follow)
i 1
Wusiijngion, D. C. (ILNS).—Secre
tary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes
reiNirts Hint the United Mine Workers
have agreed to work in the bituminous
mines during their 1944 vacation
lieriod, as requested liy him in a‘letter
to miners and aixn'ators.
Under Hie terms of the agreement
to keep the mines in (ix*rati(Ul during
Hie vacation period, July 1 to July 10,
an exception was made of July 4,
which Hie miners lservel ns a holi
day. Tlie miners will receive $50 vaca
tion pay in addition to tiieh* regular
Tlie miners wen* highly commended
by Secretary Ickes for their ready
acquiescence to Ids nspiesl, and for
their cooperation in maintaining the
high pnxlucilon rale necessitated by
heavy demands uixai tlu* bituminous
Finnish And Norwegian
Children Get Clothes
Stockholm (ILNKI. The Swedish
branch of Hie “Save the Children So
ciety" re|M»i*to' the receipt from Hie
United States of several tons of cloth
ing contributed by the school children
of New York. Ten more tons have
Iteen promised. The society has set up
Its first foreign branch in Oslo for the
distribution of clotidng among the
children of Norway.
The stream of Finnish children seek
ing safety and fx»d In Sweden con
tinues unabated. There are now over
30,000 such children In Sweden and the
condition of tin* new seamers grows
steadily worse. The latest contingent,
about 200 from I’kmborg in Finland,
were so nigged and undernourished
tliat at the sljjht of them the Swedish
volunteer mii'ses, receiving them, broke
into tears.
Flexible an
rigid a fell
styles in ox
fords and
high shoes.
X-ray Fitting:
East Sixth Street
'4 A*
What Is America?
So it is with America. Wave upon
wave of idealists seeking Utopia, of
dreamers who would not recognize de
feat, dared o(it upon the unconquered
uixvn wave of seekers after
and the right to earn a better
life followed them steadily
.the boundaries westward,
the wilderness into gardens,
cities, laying roads paved
-'L &
way of
with their blood and tears,
So the island rises to the water
level, as wave after wave of seekers
after freedom from fear, seekers after
opixirtimtties for their'children, clus
tered together in a new world.
Each generation left the country
better than it found it. Each wave of
Iieople contributed to the culture and
learning. From every land, of every
faith, they gave their best. Our songs,
our literature, our arts, our sciences
are all the better for these so-called
foreign elements. Even our language
is more picturesque and colorful be
cause of the contributions from other
America is no accident. It grew as
did the island until it rose above the
waves, standing strong and secure
against the gale because of the firm
foundation built by waves upon waves
of new Americans.
What is the cement that holds these
different elements together? It is the
ideal that is America—the ideal of a
Iieople who hold the rights of others to
lie as important as their own, who will
nut compromise with evil who are
building not for themselves alone but
for those who are to follow. Thatris
America. It is no accident!
5,000,000 Idle Seen
By End Next Year
America is not an accident,
geographical borders made it into a
nation. No isolation of racial strains,
no lingual unity drew it together.
America is not an accident. Lt is the
flowering of an idea, the deveioinuent
of a principle.
There is no accident about the build
ing of a coral atoll. Activated by an
immutable biological law, waves upon
waves of tiny animals gathered to
gether, dying to form a firm foundation
higher up for .those who followed.
Finally the seas wefe pierced. The
island rose above the waves and lay
revealed to the sun and sky.
iishMwiar* I.'’-J
Watertown, N. Y’. (ILNS).—Unem
ployed workers are likely to reach a
total of 5,000,000 before the end of
1945 "beeause of the slowness of re
conversion, if Germany is defeated
this year,” John Cornell, editor and
co-pubHsher of tlie PiHX*r Mill News,
told the Empire State Technical Asso
ciation of the 1
hi Ip
and paper industry
Cornell affiled that geheral business
in 1045 would decline 25 per cent from
this year’s level because of a $25,000,
000,000 cut in war expenditures. He
went* on:
“Moreover, in spite of the national
debt, higher costs and a strong back
log of consumer demand, which will
result tn higher prices in the immedi
ate iiost-war lieriod, there is no
lih(wd of post-war inflation in
14 Rail Unions Ask
Longer Vacations
’Ideago (ILNS).— Fourteen unions
of nonoperating railroiHl workers are
seeking an extension of their annual
1-week vacation with pay to 12 to 18
days, union executives announced.
Union spokesmen mid the 1,1M),O(M)
members of the organizations, who
won the 1-week paid vacation last De
cember, are now asking for .the follow
ing schedule:
Twelve days for employees who have
worked at least MO days in tire pre
ceding calendar year 15 days after 2
years in continuous servlet* 18 days
after 3 years’ service.
ComrwdvtA Terms
Predicts Women
.Will Retain Their
Place Ater War
Prediction Made To Wom
en's Advisory Committee
By William Haber y
Washington. Women will retain
much of their new found place in in
dustry after the war, unless mass un
employment, creating economic fears
that heighten prejudice against women
on the job, occurs, William Haber,
assistant WMC executive director, told
the WMC Women’s Advisory Commit
The future 6f w’omen tn industry or
other work depends on .the state of the
whole economy, said Haber. With full
employment conditions, he said, women
will hold their fair proportionate
place. Only widespread unemployment
will deprive them of it. He pointed out
that with a working force of 50,000,000
to 60,060,000, we may normally expect
three to four million unemployed, in
cluding women, students, and handi
Huber declared that we are, in ef
fect, in our first stage of demobiliza
tion now. Men are being discharged
from the armed services to some de
gree. Some war industries are being
curtailed, and workers laid off are be
ing channeled into other jobs through
USES. Further demobilization will be
necessary after the defeat of Japan.
Fourth phase will be .the “replenish
ment stage” when everything from
shoe production to highways, neglected
while full attention was focused on the
war, will be re-geared to civilian de
mands. Not until after this phase, says
Haber, will we enter the real “post
war” period.
Of the approximately 18,000 women
w’orkers now on payrolls, Haber fore
sees only about 1,500,000 leaving vol
untarily. Of the remaining millions,
some will be subject to cutbacks be
fore total i»eace. Others will have to
find transitional employment while in
dustries are being converted to ieace
tlme output. The 425,000 women who
have learned sjiecial skills in the elec
tric machinery industry during the
war will probably have to xvalt until
production of radios, phonographs and
communication equipment is resumed
for an opportunity to use their new
skills, he said.
Haber said he foresaw greater inter
est on the part of women in .trade
unionist after the war, as a result of
the war work period, citing the in
creased female membership in- unions
during the war. He made clear his
view'tha^in a sound jxml-war econ-J
omy, women will probably have a
better chance than ever before at jobs,
for they have demonstrated their abil
ity during the war and broken down
preconceived objections to their
forming some jobs.
’Victory' Tax
(Cnathnufi Prma Ptft Oat)
“The complications involved in mak
ing computations of normal tax and
surtax by reason of these double ex
emptions are apparent. The cumber
some double exemptions grow' out of
the retention in substance of the so
called ‘victory’ tax. No tax on the
federal statute ixxiks has been more
discredited than this regressive tax,
which bears heavily on low Income
groups, and flagrantly violates the
basic principle of taxation according to
ability to pay.”
Office Hours: 9 to I
Evenings 7 to 9 By Appointment
502 Market Street
Over Peoples Drug Store
PHONE 2294-R
Linoleum Curtains
Drapery Rugs Carpets
Dinner and Cooking Ware
I 1
Thursday, July 6, 1944
Important Announcements of Local
Unions are to be found in tide I
., Column
Report of delegates to conven- 4*
*t* tion and installation of officers 4*.
4* will be made at our next regular 4*|j
4* meeting on Thursday, July 13. 4*•
4* This meeting will be held in our 4*^.
4* new quarters, American Legion 4*
4* hall, East Line St.
Delegates to the convention will
make a report at the meeting on
Tuesday, July 11.
Information Filed
Against Concern
A criminal information was filed
June 29, 1944 in the United States Dis
trict Court for the Southern District
of Ohio by United States Attorney
Byron B. Harlan, against the Burgett
Varnish Works, Norwood, Ohio, and
Harry H. Hemperly, superintendent
and general manager of the firm,
Daniel M. Heekin, secretary
treasurer, charging violations of
Second War Powers Act through
authorized use of tung oil, contrary .to
the provisions of War Fwd Orders
Nos. 3® and 39.1, it was announced by
J. M. Mehl, Chief of the WFA’s Com
pliance Branch, Washington, D. C.
Women Urged
(Continued From Page One)
cent stated without qualification
the production of women workers:
were on jobs formerly held by
was equal to, or greater than,
of men on similar work.
Recommendations For Women
The report recommends that women
develop their own skills as far as [his
slble take active part in labor unions
and professional organizations con
nected with their work learn more^
about the economic questions affecting
y 1
Labor unions and professional or
ganizatfons are urged to encourage the
full participation of women workers
covered by such agencies enable
women workers to show their abilities
and to build seniority status see ti4
wtmien workers are paid the full nf
for fhe job done.
Post-war conditions de[x*nd u[xn the
amount of Union Label goods that you
buy now.
If convicted, the Burgett Varnish
Works faces a maximum penalty of’
$10,000 fine and the officers named a
fine of $10,000 or imprisonment for one
yea or both, Mehl said.
These Summer 1944 models are
tailored with the fine fabrics,
the careful regard for comfort
and style that is traditional with
TruVal! And there are plenty of
colors and patterns to choose
from—-if you hurry!
East Liverpool’s Largest Exclusive
Outfitter to Men and Boys

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