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I Thursday, Octolier 19, 1014 ■--------------------------------------k Ji tirts ___ Only Immediate Action Can Forestall Deadly Depression Japan is still in progress. Unemployment will soar, with catas trophe threatening when Japanese re sistance ends, as stated in the first paragraph. “At the peak of activity,” Shishkin says, “there were more than 15,000,000 jolis in war production and services other than agriculture. A GO per cent cut in government purchases after V-E Day will deprive nearly per sons of their jobs. Holds Nation Unprepared “At about the same lime discharges from the armed forces are likely to increase substantially. About 1,250,000 have already been discharged. Dis charges an* now running at the rate of about 1(H),(XX) a month. Current un employment. is slightly over 1,000.009. “After victory in Europe, at least 11,(MM),(KM) persons now working will be without jobs.” Asserting that “we don’t seem to be prepared to enter the era of peace with employment maintained anywhere near tiie maximum achieved in war time,” the AFL economist points to the great threat inherent in tiie severe shrinkage in consumer Inlying power which will occur “unless safeguards are kMin provided.” Sees Big Payroll Slash The triple effect of (1) shortening of hours and elimination of overtime, (2) cut in employment, and (3) down grading. Shishkin yriles, would be to cut payrolls 40 per cent—-a drop from $SO,(MM),(MM),(MM) to $4S.OOO.(MMUMMl. Such a cut, he adds, is “enough to knock the bottom out of the civilian market after V-E Day.” “When the war is finally won,” Shishkin declares, “We can achieve a high level of employment only If we achieve a level of production without any precedent in the past. Turning back to pre-war levels would spell dis aster. If we return to the 1939, or pre-war. level of production while present prices continue to prevail, we cannot escape unemployment reaching 20.999,(XX ». “We have already passed the peak of war employment. Immediate sharp decline in employment are ahead. No comprehensive program is ready to be put in operation to hold employment at high level and to assure stability in transistion. “Not Too Late For Action” “It is late—but it is not too late. “It is not too late to recognize that a sharp deflation after V-E Day would be as dangerous as an infiat ion. It is not. too late to realize that in an econ omy distorted by gigantic pressures of war there are no ‘natural forces of supply and demand’ that can assure stability. “it is not too late to remember that an unchecked ami imbalanced post-war Ikmiui will end in a disastrous dejres sjon with irrevocable certainty. /‘‘And it is not too lal* for labor, business and government to agree and to act in concert and witli speed, to assure to all of us safe conduct through the treacherous no man’s land of industrial transition which lies ahead.” Hits “Prophets Of Boom” Shishkin blasted, “prophets of boom” and those who advocate immediate re moval of production, price and other controls when Germany is subdued. lie recalled what Impelled after tiie last war, witli tiie Immiiii, which lasted IS months, followed by a collapse in which unemployment shot up ti,(MM.O(M, payrolls shrank 44 per cent and farm prices and corporate profits dwindled. "But. we must rememlMT—that boom and collapse was child's play compared with what we will get it we try u this time,” he warned. good swift kick sometimes does a moll! good Ilian a lot of friends. man 2 glost kilnhands for circular kiln, piece work, steady employ ment. Phone 4655 Salem China Co. (Charges can he reversed.) DR. A. A. EXLEY OPTOMETRIST •EYES EXAMINED •GLASSES FITTED Office Hours: 9 to 5 Evenings 7 io 9 By Appointment 502 Market Street Over Peoples Drug Store PHONE 2264-R American Federation Warns Huge Cut In Payrolls Feared Following Defeat Of Jap* anese AFL Economist Says Nation Unprepared To Insure Stability In Transition Washington,.I). (ILNS).—“Deadly depression,” with 20, 000,000 Americans idle, will follow Japan’s defeat unless affirma tive steps are taken to forestall such a catastrophe, the American Federation of Labor warns the nation in an American Federa tionist article. This is one of the startling conclusions that highlight* “The Next Depression by Boris Shishkin, AFL economist. Other con clusions are: There will be at least 11,000,000 unemployed shortly after Germany capitulates. In the year after Germany’s defeat this total will 1A* reduced to “not less than 4,990,000” while the war against Boilermaker New (Continued From Paqe One) member of the Boilermakers’ Union at the Brooklyn navy yard, was elected president to replace Francis Black, Bellerose, N. Y., who retired. Albert F. Sears, Dorchester, Mass., also of the Boilermakers, was named second vice president, to succt'ed G. ’. Rob erts, Portsmouth, Va., who withdrew. Walter L. Officers re-elected are: Disbrow of the Machinists’ Union, and former president of Local Washington, as national representative Melvin H. Portsmouth, N. IL, Draftsmen’s Union, first vice president T. K. Powell, Eclipse, Va., Sheet Metal Workers, third vice president George H. Morris, Yeadon, Pa., .Machinists, secretary Harry 11. McCall, Washington, Ma chinists, treasurer. No. 174 in legislative ’handler, West Coast locals, which were un able to send delegates, will elect two vice-presidents later. Women Warned Of Barriers To Post-War Employment Washington, D. C. (ILNS). —Mar garet A. Hickey, head of the women’s advisory commit tee of the War Man jMiwer Commission warned here of “danger signals on the horizon of post war planning” with regard to the em ployment of women. “Some are discussing the demobil ization of womeivjis though .the object were to deny them employment, re gardless of their need to earn a living,” she said. “It is well to remember also that prejudices surrounding the em ployment of women have been shuffled around considerably during the war but have not been eliminated.” Miss Hickey advocated a high level of production and broad scale distri bution as “the best way to prevent re erection of pre-war barriers to women’s employment.” 'Women workers for their part “must know ami understand what they have to offer ask added ns well as what they have to our economic system,” she your postwar kitchen NOW/ with this beautiful! idea book THIS CLIP COUPON FOR FREE i Traffic Toll Up Over Last Year National Safety Council Re ports 14,430 Killed Over 8-Month Period Chicago (ILNS).— Eight months 14,430 killed! That is the traffic .toll America piled up on its streets ami highways from Jan. 1 to Sept. 1 this year, the National Safety Council re ported. The 8-month death total was 799— or per cent—greater than for the same period last year. Despite the overall increase in tratlic deaths for the 8-month period, traffic safety leaders are inclined to regard the outlook for the future as encouraging, the council said. This is tiecause of a 5 per cent drop in the August traffic death toll from the same month a yer ago, and a 4 per cent reduction in July. These reductions, achieved during the vacation season, have counter balanced increases in the early months of this year. As a result, the council now believes the 1044 traffic toll may be no greater than tiie 1943 total of 23,400. “Any non-seasonal increase in travel can change this picture, of course,” said the council, “unless drivers and pedestrians recognize the added re sponsibility for their own safety and the safety of of tiers imposed by in creased traffic.” ARMY TIRES MUST BE REPLACED Every month, four out of every hun dred tires on Army trucks and artillery carriers must lx* replaced, the War I )epartmeat reveais. What Every Woman Needs Tkitchen-to-beReality—that Name cop Address ODAY it's only your Plan—but come Tomorrow, it will be a streamlined, miraculous in YOUR Homel Its the homemak er's living room, step-saving work center and studio for creating artistic triumphs in food, all in one. And' you can have if when materials are again available, whether you remodel or build anew. Plan right now. Use the coupon and get the 26-page* book of arrangements and color schemes. There are a variety of floor plans in the book. Make your selection and a blueprint diagram to fill your individual needs will be sent tj you. ____ Remember the Plan Book is absolutely FREE. Fill in that coupon. n.QHIO POWERS I am interested in Kitchen Planning. Without obliged tion, will you please send mo your froo booklet, “Yoyjf Next Kitchen/' THE POTTERS HERALD Beautiful, selfish and vain—Bette Davis, as Fanny Trellis. is all these and more in Warner Bro*’ “Mr. Skellington,” which comes to the (‘••ramie Sunday. With Claude Rains opposite her in the title role, the cast also includes Walter Abel, Jerome Cowan, John Alexander and Bill Kennedy, shown above swelling the ranks of her admirers. _____ Jobless Pay OKed By Illinois Court Dredgeworkers Covered By Unemployment Com pensation Act Chicago (ILNS,—Workers employed on barges and dredges recently have liven held by the State Supreme Court to Im* in covered employment under the Illinois iineinployineiit comiM*nsation act if tiie movement of a vessel is ac complished only as an incidental pare of their work. The decision brings under the benefit provisions of the job insurance law a sizable number of workers whose status formerly had been in doubt, ami will require their employers to pay contributions on wages paid tv these workers. Interpreting the section of the law which excludes from covered employ ment “service performed as an officer or memlier of the efiew of a vessel on the navigable waters of the United States,” the court held the exclusion applies only to those persons whose services substantially tend to promote the welfare of the vessel as an agency of navigation. -A .... ... AFL TROUNCES CIO IN SHIPYARD ELECTION New Dmdou, Uon^ AFL Metal Trades Unions, including the Interna tional Brotherhood- of Boilermakers, rejiortcd the third straight victory in a row over the (’IO in elections at East (’oast Shipyards. The latest triump wad scored at the Electric Boat Company, builders of submarines here. The AFL swamped the CIO by a count of 2,275 to 1,511. 4—City. »f *«. No Rationing Of Freedom By RUTH TAYLOR There are, so many definitions for freedom. It is what you call an ahir ing word—because it means all things to all jieople. Ask the small l»oy on a spring day and he’ll answer you promptly, “No school ami the fish biting.” Ask the s|*ectdator, he’ll say. “No rn^rirtions —and a quick market.” Ask the dicta tor and he’ll say, “A fat neighbor who will not struggle against my divine right to take what I want.” Ask the plnnwr and lid wifi t&y, “Uncluttered horizons and a chance to make my own way.” Ask the idealist and he will say. “A new world where all may sharo of fh-bounties of earth.” Ask the religious man and he v ill say, “A life in which I may worship my Gmi according to my own conscience and ols»y His holy laws.” Why are there so many »1»'-finHioii«5 Because freedom is not a static tiring, It Is not a rule but a way of life. It is an obligation. It is determined by our relationiship to other iieople. Only the hermit can lie free alone. Freedom in a civilized community is the way of life that demands intelligent followers. Freedom does not include the right to carry jioiHon, to talk against our neighlsir, to judge him by his ancestors or his kindred. Only by his companions, may we ever condemn him. Freedom carries with it a belief in the dignity and sacredness of every human being. “For all—Jew and Gentile, White and Negro, rich and poor—there should tie unrationed brotherhood,” is the slogan of one free community. Freedom'must demonstrate to the world that a diver sity of culture strengthens our nation, feeding with fresh water the springs of national life. Freedom is justice and we must re member that in a court of justice a man is honest until proven otherwise. Judgment is not passed on what o.thers have done. Judge not thy neighbors by others. There are good and bad in every creed and more good than bail. One man’s freedom is another man’s freedom—whether it be in America, in China, in Norway or in darkest Africa. No man is really free unless all men are free. No man’s home4s safe unless all men’s homes are safe. What is freedom to you? Think it over care fully and then apply it to your fellow men, to your brother. It must fit you both, or it is not freedom. Only those who set good examples by action can win full confidence for their righteous cause. VALLEY & Urges Peace Settlement To Put Experience, Resources Of_ Germany To Service Of All .V Cannot Gain Lasting Peace By Repressing Creative Potentialities Or Closing Opportunities For Progress Says AFL Chief Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—The probhm facing the United Nations after Germany has been beaten is “to put the experience, the ability and the resources of the German people to the service of all instead of letting them be used to dominate all,” President William Green of the American Federation of Labor says in the latest issue of the American Federationist. “Germany,” Green writes, “has a closely knit population bdiihd together by language and historical tradition. It hits been a leading industrial country. Pre-Nazi Germany made valuable contributions to civilization and culture. “If we i»-ny Germany opportunity*-”——————————------------— to rebuild it* industries, we cripple the nation and nmke ft a hindrance to prosjierity in other countries. “Our peace problem Is to curb the German Just for aggression which twice In a short tim6 has plunged the world into destructive wars. However, we ennnot gain Listing j^ce by re pressing Germaio’S creative poten tialities or closing its opportunities for progress.” Green calls for a restoration of free trinb- mi iism to the Reich after the Nazis haw been extirpated and says that “during the time in which Ger many must be under surveillance, con trols should lie lodged with the Nations.” “The terms of peace should gird the victory our military shall gain,” the AFL leader concludes. United under forct'S RAIL PAY BOOST PROPOSED Chicago (ILNS). An emergency board named by President Roosevelt has projiosed an increase of 5 cents an hour for opera iiug employees involved in a dispute with the Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad and the Chicago, Aurorlf & Elgin Railroad, You Can See the Cream I ALWAYS USE i CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SAMTARY i Used Exclusively By Golden Star Dairy Phone 3200 Many people think, because traffic is lighter than it was before the war, that streets are safer. Our driv ers take no chances. They are trained to be ever alert, every day. May we suggest you too, make Safety First, your daily rule. TRANSIT CO ..□A .4 4 PAGE FIVE1£2. ... **. ,1a EQUALITY CLAUSE ASKED Washington, D. c. (ILNS). The Wo!,in’g International League with lie.-pi piarters in Washington has called upon President Roosevelt “to jrtibliely instruct tiie American delegates at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference to con firm the anticipated request of the Chinese glvernment for inclusion of a racial equality clause in the world organization plan now being drafted in Washington. Pointing out that “Keep ing the peace” and “Making the peace” were two different tasks, the league declared that “acceptance of the racial equality principle will be a single but crucial test of both the moral judgment and political value of the conferem-e.” DO YOU NEED CASH to buy an automobile? to buy storm doors and windows? to repair your home? to pay doctor and hospital bills? or for any other worthy purpose? Phone OUT 5 PERSONAL LOAN DEPARTMENT for t.iils on v to get a loan. It will C'j't less ie. Phone 914 The First National East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank Member F. D. I. C.