Newspaper Page Text
Park. Calif. New Jersey. I to 7 £, 'r I: (hr THE POTTERS HERALD OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS ------------------and 1 EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL Printing plant in the state. 11 Entered at Postoffice, East Liverpool, Ohio, April higher standaid OI 11V ng I k Published every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O.lr. P., owning and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Jobl 20, 1902, General Office, N. B. of P. Building, W. Sth St., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL. Editor and Business Managed One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada. $2.00 LET’S BE READY FOR PEACE! Il ST A FEW short weeks ago almost everybody (except, to Im* as second-1 jslmoa rwnttai., Asl fOT fit Sp^Clfil RfitCS O- -1 __ A 1 provided for in 'Section 1108, Act of October 13, 1917, authorized! August 20, 1918. sure, the G.I.’s who were fighting it) was happily assuming that the war was as good as over in Europe. Many a nimble mind turned to nylon stockings, new refrigerators, new cars ... I Now we at home know what the mud-slogging infantry has known all the time—that the Sieg fried Line is something more than a wavy mark on the map, and that the Hitler-crazed Nazis can fight like the cornered rats they resemble. It’s not over yet, over here. But, as in World)ards War I, the end might collapse of the German the prayer on the lips of class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of PostiigeLpqiiltpri in a rlpar_pnt dpnicinn nhnnf tbp fntp nf nrovided for in'Section 1108. Act of October 13. 1917. authorized! WUlwU Hl d. Ciear-CUl QeClSlOn auOUL Hie Idle U1 iXoEgfpy ex President—James M. Duffy. P. O. Box 6. East Liverpool, Ohio. First Vice President—E. L. Wheatley. Room 215, Broad Street National, Bank Building, Trenton, 8, New Jersey. Second Vice President—Frank Hull, Bill Pacific Blvd., Third Vice President—James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Qhio-. New Jersey. r.:2. r. Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer. 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton, Fifth^Viceepra'ident—George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton, Sixth Vice President—George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, EastIwar. Liverpool, Ohio. ..... Seventh Vice President—Charles Jordan, 176 East Virginia Avenue, I Sebring, Ohio. ,, Eighth Vice President—Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, West Secretan-Treasurer—John D. McGillivray, P. O. Box 6, East Pod. Ohio. ____________________________ I_________ U1______ GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturer*..... M. J. LYNCH. W A. BETZ, J. T. HALL Operatives, JOHN McGILLIVRAY, LOUIS PIES LOCK, F. HAYNES CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers. E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ Operative""..BERT CLARK. H. R. HAISLOP, CHARLES JORDAN| DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manuf«rturer«. ROBERT DIETZ. Sr, MARGARET PARKER, RAY Operatives, JAMES SI AVEN .HU GO MILLER, ROLAND HORTON Huntington(Russia Liverpool,(of I 1 IT IS difficult to shake some elements of big busi-|is here that the I.L.O. will have to find its point ness loose from their old ways. The automobile |of contact with the United Nations. It is gratify industry is one such reactionary group. Facing a|ing to note in this context that the wording of the return to peacetime manufacture, the automobile (Dumbarton Oaks agreement leaves to the I.L.O. bigwigs want the OPA to let them boost prices at|the same autonomy and control in the interna least ten per cent, in spite of the fact that new|tional social field which have allowed it to make methods of manufacture have greatly reduced |such outstanding contributions to social welfare cost and the companies are now rolling in luscious and progress. profik 1 The first tendency of a price increase will be (organizational problems of the I.L.O. are not yet increase their wealth. (labor liody still has come suddenly with the home front—and that is us all. Are we any better prepared today for the problems of jieace than problems of jieace than we were when the Nazis Were runnin? There are few indications of it the huge task of reconverting our industry back to a gradual peacetime basis on which Americans can earn more, buy more and have more I* industrial production is yet to be given direction. We haven’t won the war—yet. But, in all con science, let’s be ready for the day when we do I BE THRIFTY r|X) BE THRIFTY is to be prosperous and surely 1 there is no doubt that those who possess war bonds and are continuing to purchase more are helping to pave the road of prosperity for to mortow. Although the Treasury Department has au thonzod the payment of any Savings Bonds of Series A, B, C, or E, subject to the department’s regui.it ions, whenever any such bond is presented for that purjiose, it is not the intention of that department that bonds should be immediately con verted into cash. Bonds are to be cashed only win n an emergency necessitates such action. This nt'A system makes bonds as negotiable as a gov ernment heck and should encourage the invest ing of funds into such securities. When bonds are cashed, your son or brother may lie required to wait a day longer for some I material or equipment which is vital to his well-1 beimif. Ca hir.g Lands unnecessarily hampers thel war effort thorr lure, let them mature unless anl »m ip -ncy requires their redemption. It is thel .sacrifice of today which hasten the peace of to-| morrow. K/--------------------------------------*------------------------------------ Neither our interest nor our honor will remain unsullied, if we fail to do our biggest bit for vic tory., 4 to slow buying down. That will immediately re-(solved by these very general provisions of the ia act on employment, and the vicious downward (Dumbarton Oaks proposals nor has the crucial|regularly. spiral of deflation, leading inevitably to depression Problem of strengthening the enforcing power of and bankruptcy, will be started. Pre-war auto-|the I.L.O. been touched so far. The I.L.O. commit mobile prices were high enough, to say the least. |tee which received a mandate from the Phila- What so many of the big fellows in industry (event, the I.L.O. can be sure that it will have the fail to realize is that there must be full employ-|full backing of the labor organizations of all ment, at good wages, and generally a better stand-(democratic countries in its efforts to integrate ard of living, if we are to absorb the surplus (itself into the new organization of the world and products of industry. Unless this ideal condition|to enhance its moral and legal authority, can be attained in peacetime, then our economy| W’ill collapse, and we will plunge headlong into| FMRI EM OF1 PROGRESS another destructive Yn fhpHJloowiUW^^ ^as l)een as perhaps one of the near the brink of national rpnpat ourl’’most effective presentations of the reasons for depression ^lays, can (demanding union products and union services ever experience^. r.,11 nm |t be broadcast was aired recently over Station We know that full n* an° P™ WTOP of the Columbia Broadcasting System by duction can be attained the wiAlbert N. Dennis. Mr. Dennis, president of the us. Well, why not continue it? Under oui system,| uninn I «ihpl I sarnie is the founder with a known “Xr^News jUfeV" tion, business and labor ani K ..dance l"Ki ?‘Thl' ®ne emblem th“t ^Presents Jp. THE FUTURE OF THE I. L. O. |QF ALL the international and United Nations 1 organizations which already exist or are in the process of formation, the International Labor Or ganization is the one closest to the heart of the u rtl abor movement in all countries. But neither the rv Philadelphia Conference Of the I.L.O., which COn- Ivened in the spring of this year, nor the Dumbar- ■, jy a.1 j? z-^ a. t?ltnou6n ine /rnnaaeipnia conierence Mfinds itself at a time in Which a new World OT- Mganization is emerging from the Ordeal Of this ... _____ ,J The proposals drafted at Dumbarton Oaks ini Jvarious international economic and social agencies THEY’RE SLOW TO LEARN |by mutual consultations and recommendations. Itr^J?*8 more than It must be stressed, however, that the mam inc^M’Snfe^V^^mework for except the desire of profit-hungry magnates to (organizational reconstl uction Ot the intel natlonai|Also, a big job ahead of it. In a|pr°Sriinl- his 534th weekly broadcast he said: *. nniu|the fruits of ceaseless toil and effort for thefcome retain the principle of free enUrpuse. ’dtotterment of mankind, from Alpha to Omega,,haunt thpm as dava hv Hava for courage and 1, rhnlhnt-pFr(m tke days of serfdom to the present advanced patriotism, for real leadership. It is a challenge| parnprs is the label_ whcther that we must face. ,,, (state of wage earners, is the union label—whether |a label on a product, a union shop card or a union (service button. “The union label affords the ONLY positive (assurance that the goods you purchase were (1) (made by capable workers, fairly compensated for (their work (2) not made in a foreign nation by (exploited labor (3) not made in a prison (1) |not made by child labor, and (5) not produced by (‘sweatshop’ methods. The same principles applies (to union services of all kinds. “When you demand union-made goods and lunion services, you (1) assuredly help yourself 1(2) you help your felloW-men, and (3) you aid in Ithe advancement of civilization to higher stand and greater accomplishments. “These simple truths must be plain to all who toil, their origin a part of the age-long struggle of ALL wage earners—and certainly their worth should be appreciated by all. Truly, the union label is an emblem of progress.” TODAY WE ARE UNITED TitncansiT AST WEEK, the American people, in the midst|to through demonstrated in a peer-|a ne,w We will abide by the results of this election. |We must give our enthusiastic support to the [President and government of the United States, reserving, of course, our right to criticise and to advocate what we believe to be the best interests (of the nation. If last week we were divided on the issues of politics, today we are once more a united people with a common goal to attain, the winning of the war and the equally important peace that will follow the close of conflict. Today the watchword on all American lips and in all American hearts should be: “Long Live the United States.” BI LLDOZERS (’RACK NAZI LINK AURELIO TASSONE, Seabee and AFL union member, really started something when he crushed a Japanese pillbox with his bulldozer during the invasion of the Treasury Islands. In lhe battle for Germany, the ’dozers now are as nuch a combat weapon as tanks. Army engineers are neutralizing particularly stubborn enemy defense positions in the Siegfried Line, say press association reports, bv grindingland their machines right up in front of the pillboxes!the Ot THE Th 11 oi I.L.O. gave splendid testimony to the vitality and ..... [importance of this organization, it was unable to (jolve the problem of the readjustment of the (l.L.O. to the changing organization of the world, (instead it appointed a committee to work out a jplan for further action in this field. The fact that |the I. L. O., although autonomous, is still part of Ithe moribund League of Nations, so that Soviet is still keeping aloof from it, is indicative the anamalous situation in which the I.L.O.|_ (regard to the new international organization alsol^ough Liver-jbarton Oaks proposals failed to deal with the lleave the fate of the I.L.O. unsettled. The Dum- _____of POTTEKo ton UaKs conierence Ol the four Great Bowers nas|with a number of things in these troubled days, but the most cogent and per- A* 2* ___ 1L ronfprpTW ine|most e „___ Mo. (problem of the liquidation the League of Na tions and the international structure in general. On the .other hand, the Dumbarton Oaks con ference laid the groundwork for a new world economic and social organization, to have as its center the Economic and Social Council of the pro posed general international organization, “The United Nations.” It will be the main function of ounfair this Council to co-ordinate the activities of HERALD none of the networks in the past pi FACING THE FACTS With PHILIP PEARL Thcy used to say that the pen is mightier than the sword. Today the is giving way to a more powerful weapon—the spoken word. The air is fi s.1 s. ______ Ithis great international organization, the only one in which labor has a voice and a vote. ... ... .. —r ... Although thp /Philadelnhia Df the fng publ’c opinion the they did carry an occasional w w* .. ....... ..... ... .. ., ealth and work of the world available (less manner their inherent democratic faith by|to a11 anl for the expIo15at*°a.of none’ (marching to the polls and electing the men of -T Itheir preference. They have spoken, and their (voice is the last word in national politics for at (least two years until the Congressional election of (1916 takes place. ind shovintr nmothorinu* mnnndu nF nurih no-ninstlthe the election campaign is only the begnning of the fight to implant the llw door smointnn« m°unas earth against| ,noral uiviu punuiiui wcapuu—viie HpuK.ru wuru. xne air 13 nueu a v suasive are the voices that come to us over the radio. From now on some of these, voices will be spokesmen for the American Federation of Labor. Recognizing the increasing significance of radio in American Federation of Labor has launched the comprehensive program of radio activity in its history for 1945. It will report to the American people each week over a nation-wide network. One of the significant aspects of the scheduled AFL radio program is the fact that the time is being made available, to labor free ,of Ujarge by the four major radio networks. These networks are business organizations operating tor profit. They try to sell time, not give it away. But strangely enough, their own self-imposed rules prevent sale of time to organizations seeking to enlist membership, al though no such limitations are placed on commercial advertisers. HOW IT HAPPENED In recognition of the important place which labor holds in the life of the nation, the radio networks believe that the trade union movement should be given the opportunity to have its say over the air. However, the radio industry didn’t fully realize this until it was called forcefully to its attention. Except for the National Broadcasting Company, xi provided any reguiar time for labor, al pro-labor speech. Meanwhile, in the past few years, radio commentators on programs spon sored by big business have enjoyed a field day, slamming labor from pillar to post, regularly and at will. This condition was blasted by the protestsJof a compartively small and obscure labor paper in up-State New York—to wit, Rochester and Vicinity Labor. The publisher of this paper, Jack Cadden, todk vigorous umbrage against the remarks of a particufar commentator who declared, contrary to the established facts, that non-union labor had a better production record in the aviation industry than union labor. -The AFL took up Mr. Cadden’s protest and pressed it home. The discus sions that followed with leaders of the radio industry were very interesting. They acknowledged that labor had been receiving treatment on the air the|and,jto their credit, they promised to do something about it. The radio industry has now made good on its promise and the AFL there willing to give it praise for a new and more cooperative FACING FINAL FACT Presentation of a regular weekly radio program fifty-two weeks a year over a naticmal network is quite a job, and a fairly new job to the AFL which has no trained staff of radio experts like commercial advertisers. The assignment has fallen to yours truly who therefore must drop some other duties to meet the inexorable radio deadlines. It is with regret that we find it necessary to relinquish the pleasant task of writing this weekly column. “Facing the Facts” made its bow* on May 27, 1929, anti Has' appeared regularly in the AFL Weekly News Service since then. Like all other items in the news service it was offered free of charge to the labor press. A grati fyingly, large number of labor publications took to the habit of publishing it We’ve just been looking over the first column, which was in the nature of a prospectus, to ascertain with unbiased judgment—if possible—how far we fell short of our original intentions. In at least a couple of respects, we any|venturing some statements that were a bit sweeping. SO YOU'RE LAID OFF AGAIN! “How do you feelfteing on the waiting-line instead of on the assembly line?” Thousands of workers in the Detroit area are figuring this one out. In one union alone over 15,000 have been laid off during the past few months. There are job-ppenings in other war plants and in non-essential work, but until reconversion gets more under way and the varied problems of seniority straightened out, many are likely to be walking the streets. Those who have been taking home a big overtime pay check each week to their wives and families won’t find it easy to accept jobs at lower pay, even when the rates are known the war boom could .r r:_rf— —. —... haunt them as the days go by. These critical days will be the test period. With what spirit will the country face the more difficult problems that lie ahead _____________________________________havesomehowtheyhascourse,lay-offOftheiryetearnings.forever,pre-warlasttheirnotabove as a shock. The spectre of post-war unemployment can easily rise to Just as men and women went willingly to the job that would count most in winning the war, so now the responsibility of accepting whatever job will help make a secure post-war world is just as urgent. The employer whose war contracts are terminated must consider it his patriotic duty to produce not for easy profit but for the needs of the people an4 to provide employment for the greatest number. Work for all The man who is laid off need not feel unwanted. There is an immediate job for him to do. One man who has been laid off saw that rivalries and prejudices, between two members of his City Council were holding up work on a housing project and thereby causing unemployment. He had learned at a Moral He-Armamont Training Center to think through the causes of unem Kloyment and take action to cure it. Instead of being a sore thumb around is home as he formerly was, he went to -see the feuding Councilmen, and was instrumental in clearing away the prejudice and resentment between them. The result was that the Housing Committee, of which they were both members, was able to proceed with plans. Bricklayers and other workers were^einployed throughout the city. Homes were built, and people who badly needed them were comfortably housed. This man, although laid off, was taking a fighting part in the greatest post-war program—putting everybody to work remaking people, homes and industries. In his book, “Remaking The World,” Frank Buchman says, “We need a national mobilization for unemployment The unemployed must have the security which comes from knowing that they are needed and that there is a job for them to do.” Here then is a program to enlist d^ery person in the nation as completely as total war has done. Workers and employers can team up together to win the war against the dictatorships of fear, greed and selfishness that threaten we can launch sabotage our best plans for post-war employment. Together era in industry and make the wealth and work of the OUR JOB NOW! “We have just begun to fight!” Now that the election is over, this must be the burning conviction in the hearts of all labor men and women today. There must be no sinking back into easy indifference. Whether our choice for President won or lost does not alter the fact that each one of us is still responsible for what happens in the future. Unless we take full responsi bility where we live and work, the nation is bound to suffer no matter who is in office. Our job now is to create the spirit that will unite all Americans above every difference. The campaign itself certainly hasn’t united us. In fact, in the eyes of the world, and particularly of our enemies, the charges and counter-charges, smear and bitterness hurled across the election arena, seem proof of deep-rooted disunity. Some Americans pooh-pooh this. To them this use of our freedom of speech illustrates democracy’s superiority over dictatorships. But to many union men who see the essential moral basis of democracy, it means we are mis-using our hard-won freedom. Freedom in a democracy is a choice freedom to spread honesty, justice, trust, fair play and teamwork, or to lie, smear, discredit, seek power selfishly and blame everything on the other fellow. Mis-use of freedom is not the failure of democracy, as our enemies imagine, but the failure of citizens to live up to the moral standards essential to democracy. Dictatorship grows from people who put their own personal interests before their union and country. It is the moral appeasers who be come political quislings. Democracy thrives on honest, unselfish men and woqien. Moral Re-Armament is the answer to dictatorship. ^That is why so much depends on the ordinary man and his family. We cannot delegate ail responsibility to our leaders. In the words of Frank Buchman: “The call is to everyone, the ordinary man and the statesman, unitedly to carry the burdens of their country,” It is how each of us,thinks lives and acts that brings the American Constitution into the home and workship as a nation-building force. Our job now is to sec that the end of election campaign is only the begnning of the fight to implant the -_-z* :t. 2______„ ---------J —1 ,-i,J __ _.!J where men are loyal to one another and the brotherhood of man really exists. standards of democracy in home and union, and build a post-war world COMMENT ON WORLD EVENTS Despite the terrible ordeals which the population of the occupied Neth erlands must future unless themselves in without much eral German .... Low Countries, there is nothing in the reports from Holland pointing to any weakening in the determination of their inhabitants to see it through to the bitter end. face in the immediate the allied armies find a position to enforce, further delay, a gen withdrawal from the Rather to the contrary. The near ness of liberation appears to have inspired them with that alhsacrificing heroism which renders them immune to the usual intimidation of mental and bodily terror, and enables them to defy even the most disastrous con sequences of the German lust for annihilation. To us, Hollanders afid Americans alike, who follow the desperate life and death struggle in the Nether lands from a safe and well-ordered vantage ground, far from the scenes of battle and devastation, there is in that mass contempt of death and destruction something which utterly confounds us. Perhaps the Dutch in Holland themselves would not have understood it before the supreme and terrible hour had struck in which they were put to the ultimate test of water and fire, of death and starva tion. We honor them highly for their in credible bravery, for their unlimited sacrifice, for their entire self-denial, we pledged not to pose as an oracle of wisdom and we seem to recall (machinery carried away and broad later wih be better. Ditto with ranges, However, we called our shots as we saw them and we have no apologies |ed sterile for years to come, but they [be better and different. About such to offer for anything ever included in these columns. |will be as strong and brave in re- ||things wait, if you can. And now, good-bye and good luck to all of you. (building their country and its pros perity as they are now, in these days In‘ these months that have passed of deadly visitation. we have heard much about jobs—the WISDOM “COURAGE TO WITHSTAND MONOTONY” IS HELD VITAL TO WINNING THE WAR THE for the stoic courage with which they |do not too quickly cease making the face a morrow which may be incom- pools of war, because no war is over parably more terrifying even than (until the enemy stops fighting. today. This, however, is not the I Today the average family has more proper time for analysing the multi-1money than ever to spend and a pie sentiments inspiring a nation into Igreat stored-up appetite for buying, acceptance of the most desperate fate |Almost anything will sell today. .... .... .... (acres of their once fertile soil render- (And homes designed a year later will That great task of reconstruction, ||“ifs” about jobs. perhaps from the very bottom up- There will be jobs. But there may wards, must sooner or later begin, [be a lot of re-location of workers. When they set to that task, the [Many war industries will demobilize, (Dutch, knowing that their future life ||all or in part, of their work forces, (depends upon its accomplishment, [Men and women will move, But they 4 While democracy must have its organization and its controls, its vital breath is individual liberty.— Charles Evans Hughes. Washington, D. (ILNS). “The eon rage to withstand monotony is fully as vital to winning the war as willing ness to work in the face of launhs and sniper’s bullets,” was one message for the men and women on the assembly line, brought back by Rear Admiral Lewis B. Coon ibs, USN, Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks, after his recent inspect ion tour of advance bases in the Pacific. .Making a isiint which draws a parallel between workers on the home front and many men in uniform, Ad miral Coombs told equipment manufac turing workers in Philadelphia “The men of our maintenance units and battalions working at rear bases can not be given too much credit for dig ging in Jobs involving a lot of sweat and practically no excitement. How ever, they can -take satisfaction in knowing that while the smoke and noise is at the muzzle of the gun, the bullet has got to travel the barrel of the piece first. The rear bases they are manning constitute the barrel.” ‘‘No matter how hard our men try to keep their equipment In o|M*rntion,” he added, “they will fail unless you here at home see to it that new parts, new equipment and new’ supplies come to them. Ask for Union Labeled merchandise. VW Thursday, November 16, 1944 a va* CHERRY TREE in the interest of ultimate victory and I Families w deliverance. ators, ranges Instead we must consider that a llas soon as th people, displaying such heroic virtues The pent and'Many unshakable fortitude under such ||enormous an devastating circumstances, cannot be (will flow as destroyed—even by 'those master de- (men are avai Where With Our Little Ratchet We Tell the Truth About Things, Sometimes Pro foundly. Sometimes Flippantly i and Sometimes Recklessly. Now that the election is over and more attention will go to the overall question of what will people buy when there are things to buy and how fast will factories begin making these things. There shouldn’t be a lot of pressure to get out of making war tools. The public should not clamor for civilian commodities as long as there is the slightest need for the making of im plements of war. But people do not do always as they should do nor can one very well set himself up in judgment over another. I People do want new things and they will buy them as soon as things are there to buy. They will, more over, urge that things to buy be made as soon as possible. Manufacturers, too, urge hasty re conversion so that they may get back into the field of private business quickly and start before competitors grab too much. It must be obvious that some recon version has taken place. More is in process. But it is surely to be hoped that we More ready money is stacked up in charged service men—loans for farms and for homes and for businesses. Taken all together, there is an enormous amount of money to pour back into circulation. Some of this money will be blown in to little purpose. Most of it will go for useful and usable things—and for travel, which surely does spread money around. When Germany is finished, the big swing-over to civilian things will get under way. But it may be a year from now before a lot of things get to the retailer for you. The danger period will come, not with the end of the war, but perhaps I five years after that, when the back log is gone. The time to create a more nearly perfect economy, to prevent a down swing, is when the up-swing is on, in the flush and lush period after the war with Germany ends. We shall still have a tough Pacific war to fight and win, but we will do well to put some attention on the building of an economy that will not run down at the heel when there is no artificial stimulant, like war, to keep it going. That’s something to think about, beginning now.—CMW. I WHAT NEXT? I James Gallacher and William Henn of Brooklyn, N. Y., have made a robot short order cook which turns out 3,500 sandwiches an hour. The machine is expected to facili tate preparation of school lunches. Sliced bread travels a belt to a conical spreader, gets a coating of meat paste, jelly, marmalade or cream cheese, then picks up the top slice on the way out. WORKERS GIVE TIME FOR SERVICEMEN’S CENTER San Diego, Cal. Each Sunday members of the AFL Building Trades Council are busy at work remodeling the Knights of Columbus service men’s center. Turning out ih answer to a call for volunteer labor, the building trades workers expect to devote 3,000 man hours of labor to the job of convert ing the center into a trim, comfort able meeting place for lonely soldiers and sailors. The building will have a large assembly hall, conference room, play room and living quarters for a caretaker.