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east Liverpool August 20. 1918. Virginia. Operativea, JOHN Manufacturers..0” Kanafaeturera, Oparativea, JAMES As Did vnu Did comparable calibre. ?h"..^Int.rlCan THE POTTERS HERALD I •‘■■^TTT^ TIT official journal of the national brotherhood of operative potters trades a ^^—1 i i LABolt P., owning and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Jobl Hm^^rp^ideSt-E^L.’ General Office, N. B. of P. Building, Postoffice, East Uverpooi, Ohio, April 20,1902, as second-Lyill provided for in Section 1108, Act of October 18, 1917, authorized! ^h^t^itoKsYrostr^t se-JJd^vi^^tedX^Mk H^i,Jew. 6 iii6th uibnvT Rn«in®ui ManarerPf si..™, One Year to Any Part oiTthe United States or Canada.---------------- |2.oo| c™™ *Daft RiOr Eighth Vice President—Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, West|in 4 z. 1, 1 zv^w... general ware standing committee Selective Service had gone as far as For in peace the of are possible in deferring seamen. “Only [sown. (active merchant seamen and a limited We cannot isolate ourselves behind men under 26 doing (tariff barriers any longer. Once we Manufacturers M. J. LYNCH. W A. BETZ, McGillivray, louis standing committee WeRk.Skoos,’h? m. walker, Operativeo-------r.' i’T clark, h. r. HAisLOP, charles DECORATING standing committee Robert Dietz, gl, 'VEN, you ever stop VO housed, trapsp f: 'W council Published every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. ot pans have been organized and solicited for funds|«Little (to defeat this bill. As a matter of fact, and this had been proved |in other countries, where such a plan has been in --.A.. rx i (operation for years, members of the profession Prht?——--!!!!!:---------------------------------- |tion of Labor, with the conviction that such a law entered National st., bell phone Pacific Blvd., Huntington N«w Jersey. Secr^7ohTure,^,ohn D‘ McG11Uvr‘3r* p- ®°x L,ver- so they want none of it. 1 These state administratrix £fe now holding in civilian clothes. (where manpower shortage is delaying delivery of w. a. Sr., MARGARET PARKER, HAYI|aw HfuGO MILLER, ROLAND HORTON(are are actually fighting or not, they must be fed,| rarnd fnr in battle aiea to another, cared for in a hundied a a rnnn mam nunv-------- A (ilMlU MAN UU11N .~5:-- I But now, having received the benefits of the l-i WE MOVE closer to victory, it wouldnt be|operate They favor the well-known status-quo surprising if you were saying to yours (they want no change they now tell their bene “What’s the big idea of asking for a» thisladdi- how .fc shaU be done tional money now. Isn the war almost over. n js up to organized labor to do something high. We’ll have to fight every inch of the way.|bigger than the jobholders who are now adminis-(formula, PVpr ston to think how much moneyltering it. But labor must wake up, because the it costs to maintain the 11 to 12 million men and (tail is commencing to wag the dog. womep in our army and navy? Whether the men| hnnqpd transnorted from one training center orl MANPOWER SHORTAGE AGAIN a hiindrpd one different ways. That all cost money and will| manpower keeps cropping up, one continue to until the last man demobilized is back|another. Latest is the men s garment industry,,![income In addition, millions of dollars will be required|5,000,000 of the new Army field jackets, used in for mustering-out pay, for various benefits and|combat. services voted by Congress to help the boys get| Deliveries are reported to be about 50 per cent started in civilian life,, (behind schedule. Spokesmen of the industry say These are reasons —. Americans will want to buy heavily during the|the needle workers. Other workers have gone into Sixth War Loan. But here are still more—rIf we’re|the higher pay women’s garment trades. Another to win the peace as well as the war, the cost of|retarding factor is that the jacket is a new model Hiving must be kept down and the purchasing|and technical difficulties have retarded produc ipower of money preserved. A reckless inflation|tion. that would necessarily be followed by the catas-| Shortage of labor, however, is the biggest fac trophe of deflation with its unemployment,!tor in holding up delivery of jackets, pointing bankruptcies, misery and heartache must be|back to the American Federation of Labor warn prevented at all cost. |ing of March, 1943, against taking too many skill- As you can see there are many reasons, im-| irnw nw nv iwirwa portant reasons, why our Government must have| the financial support of everyone, and have it for|ACCORDING to news reports in the daily news many months to come. papers an official of the Associated Press, Let all Americans do thier part—for their own (Kent Cooper, is advocating the free How of news sake, for their country’s. |as a necessary prerequisite for world peace. As (this report contains no reference to labor we can ----------------------—it------------------------- (assume that in all probability the report is sub- (stantially correct. definite loss. When he took' over the conciliationLussed for the peace to come can possibly succeed service 10 years ago it was little more than a (unless the first basic step is taken to assure un featherbed for labor politicians. But Mr. Steel-|hindered How of information.” man brought into the service men who had both| Our problem is to reconcile these noble enunci talent and desire to make peace on the industriallations with the domestic policy of Mr. Cooper’s front. (industry, the newspapers. Free flow of news? zTziii n irn Iago lA/hun h/t r/wxlz r* nAnruliormnl....-,... AL.. X.. _______ ILL. In recent years we have read a lot ih the news-lDoes a newspaper print labor’s side of a contro papers about the strikes that came off. But be-lversy when it involves one of the big advertisers? ctjuse it was less dramatic, we haven’t read as I And does the news flow freely when a publisher much about the employer-eemployee disputeslor a syndicate owns all the newspapers in a com which were settled without strikes. And thou-lmunity, a city or a section of the country? And sands of those peaceful meetings-of-mind whiohlwhen they tie up with radio to make sure that the kpt industrial wheels turning were made pos-|news all slants the'same way? Bible thru the understanding intervention of Mr.I Labor has reason to know a great diflerence Steelman’s peacemakers. (exists between the preachings of Mr. Cooper and We hope the President finds a successor of|the practices ot his industry. Nevertheless wy "wish him the best of luck. Such pretty window i back STRONG UNIONS A NECESSITY MARION L. Van Valkenburgh, Yonkers, N. Y.| LYN( LAW IS NEVER JUSTICE clubwoman, recently made an effective ni*KU-|'pnE irremediable injustice of lynching ’n ‘ldres8,n’fIllonato ^t Associati n. Caretta, former vice director of an Italian A strong, united and democratic labor moved prison, when a government commission of inquiry ment means increased buying (tower for thehnto his lynching in Rome, completely vindicated masses as well as progressive social legislation|careeta’s character, Herbert Matthews rejtorted and a front line defense against totalitarianism,” in the N. Y. Times. Some American liberals had Mrs. Van Valkenburgh said. (jondoned the lynching of Caretta as a criminal “Union members and their families,” she add-|Fascist. “It cost the life of an apparently inno ed, “represent one-third the total population of pent man to impress upon the world that lynch this country, and by keeping up their demand for| aw can never lie justice,” commented Rev. Aron goods they assist the rest of the national com-p. Gilmartin, national chairman of the Workers niunity preserving its own income.” (Defense League. ata .!* THE Wagner- Murray- Dingell bill, broadening social security to provide not only old-age Md----------------------------- (pensions and unemployment benefits but also (ipspitalization and medical attention, is arousing rightSteelwartime 0.15°mC i powerful opposition. .the line our wag** strnphwo hn« —n_j Deformities.’ 1 hOUgh Supported by the American Federa- be of immeasurable benefit to wage earners ind 10 the HatlOTl, the first gUD WHS fired against really benefit by its operation, because it provides 57s|prive members of the medical profession of some|bear (many of them with incomes not otherwise avail- their prerogatives. The American Medical(Any Miiu. And it also provides wage earners with Association has not Openly Opposed it but physi-hjj® Fifth^vice^Presidentr-George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton, Sixth evice President—George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street. the federalization provisions of the bill, the|f|]| (possibility of loss of some Of their prestige. PIESLOCK, F. HAYNES[seeds secuntvwar law, which was instigated, conceived, hi special jobs in vital war industries (could do that, but not now. are now deferred from active military It will be a part of our job to help service,” he pointed out. “Those over (find ways to bring up the living 1.26 who enter essential industry re-(standards of the world, lest the V2 rockets devastating Washington. Bomb craters on Broadway. Detroit, [ceive more liberal consideration for (world gang up on us and pull down Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, Seattle, and other industrial centers wrecked, and Ideferment,” he said. (our own standards.more their major war plants blasted and useless. Millions rendered homeless, with Full discussion was had of the There is today a lot of talk about starvation, looting and disease stalking the land. Hate and fear eating out (possibility of lifting seamen’s and (better world. There must be more the heart of the nation like a cancer. (officers’ certificates and licenses if (than talk, for if there is only talk, (security to some extent-be provided by federali They themselves, like unfortunate workers,|cause andlQLOWING of vital war production due to lack of beneficiaries of the law. "A ‘‘’J (behind schedule. Spokesmen of the industry say| ehdtfeh why* patriotiqthe armed forces have taken about 25 per cent of| Let’s make, no mistake—a dangerous period|ed workers to build excessively large Army and lies ahead. The American people have nothing to|Navy forces. The soundness of the warning has fear, however, if they show in the future the same|been proved in a number of industries, “again and common sense they have shown in the past, and|again and again,” to quote President Roosevelt in continue to put every iienny over rock-bottom|his recent political speeches, expenses into the purchase of more and more War| Further proof of the soundness of the wam Bofids. |ing will undoubtedly be given in future months. In Want another important reason? Yourself l|view of this, why is it not time for a reconsidera There isn’t a better or safe investment in the|tion of the numerical relation between the armed world today than War Bonds. In helping youqforces and the home front production army? country, you are also helping yourself! Never in (“Brass hat” opposition will of course develop to our entire histtory has it been so necessary to|this, but the people, who do the fighting, the pro Isave as right now. We’ll need money, individual-|ducing and the paying in war, should have a big ly, for education, repairs, replacements, retire-|say in the matter, ment—and we’ll need a lot of it. It is also hard to disagree with the argument JOHN R. STEELMAN’S resignation as directorL^vanced by Mr. Cooper when he says “none of .----- .. ... ... -.. of conciliation in the Labor Department is a the world oixanizations or systems now being dis-teP.reS^?mWto,”h dressing may some day lead to a clean-up in the kitchen. 1 dramatically illustrated by the exoneration of "^.A' j- 5 SIXTH WAR LOAN DRIVE (social security law, they are attempting to dic-|to capsize. The farther the current carries us away from the anchorage the i ...r. -4. Itate to the makers of the law just how it shall-----■'—:1 i1-- J------ No sir, it is not! Not by a long shot. Of course,(about this. The Wagner-Murray-Dingell bill was for many months now you’ve heard mostly about (conceived and written after experience with the the war with Germany, where our greatest ef-(present jaw All workers everywhere have the fort is concentrated. That’s why many peopleLjg^t to receive benefits of federal law, regardless o „„„paid have the idea that the war’s pracically over. (of the ability of their particular state to ad- But make no mistake about it—nothing could|minister it. |£nd S0^8 K ft6 I0* pail WOI*er *nd }he 6 farther from the truth! The Japanese war iJ Social security is bigger than organized labor a7nhd,,]ft meey8^ thaet a tremendous undertaking, and victory Will come|it IS bigger than the medical association It a,*l ic tn wna thn dnr ^others whose meager Dav. frozen bv the formu a. has homo S' THE POTTERS HERALD by physicians, in the belief that it would de- *o U(/UC. 1WJ i»t A Eaet|in „.fT|iobs created bv the oneration of thp nresent socialist11 ani more a"l.?uatea 10 J. T. HALL].]OUS Created Dy Uie Operation OI ine present SOCldllpollcy based on (enacted largely through the efforts of organized BETz|labor. They owe their present jobs and their live- J°RDAW(]ihnnd to the insistence of organized labor that Forere. E... vu-ri. ArereJobby against the bill. They see, or pretend to see wivnAumn ouAnmAtr iiv tinued application will become the main obstacle to the return to full em- (formula, was Shishkin over the Town Hall Meeting radio forum: By BORIS SHISHKIN & Economist For The American Federation of Labor FooShvire rr.ia«.L-Cb.ri« a™»r, w« OMo Arepux Tr~K», S,lme Th®‘ ta test a^d’nertaM th^ most notent—I As.pay.-,All. Gen cia y 5s. id. the work in foundries, and casting and forging -■.u 1941 is our anchorage. We should pay out the anchor*chain '15~per■ cent,”be- 'V i' The following^artick is taken from, the statement presented by Mr. There are four reasons why the Little Steel formula should be stricken from the books of wartime wage regulation: First, because the Little Steel formula is tod little, its’ measurements no relation to the expansion of"production" and* Worker "productTvky8 sound and just method of compensation should relate the measure of the line our wartime wage structure has suffered from what may be called utu Qfnoi ne/nrrnjiu?.” In some areas of production these deformities have become large, they have hurt production, deterred output, and have served to slacken our pace toward victory. ana pernaps rne most potent ’.(opposition from administrators of the present the Various states. They also have Organized a|“war to,tb® beat» tbe Right now it is of crucial importance to increase war production, includ ing stategic items in ordnance, heavy-duty trucks, heavy tires and other fighting equipment. What is holding back this critical needed expansion? They say foundries are a bottleneck. They say there is a manpower shortage in foundries. The reason foundry labor is hard to get and to keep is that foundry wages are far too low. It is not a manpower problem, it is a wage problem. these jobs. Is that fair to the Mexicans and Bahamans? Is that fair to And|our workers? Is that a sound wage policy? Yet that is What the Little [For the sake of full employment after the war, let January 1941 io Ail* nnnhAra rda* W IS up-tv-u«LC and|lating pay IS to confess complete bankruptcy of the national wage policy. I But the formula keeps the pay do1 ithe government spends all kinds of money to get Mexicans and Bahamans to Steel formula does. Second, the formula should be scrapped because it is out of date. It is getting more ahd antiquated. To say on the eve of 1945 that a Wage -to-date and a proper method of regu- To claim this is to pretend that the vast increase in war output during the intervening years—the modern miracle wrought by labor and management in this war—never happened. What the formula did was this. The War Labor Board said: January a between January 1941 and May 1942 the living cost rose 15 per cent. But that s all. Forget the tide and don’t pay out the anchor chain another inch. Well, the tide of the cost of living went right on rising. Pulled down by ^the anchor the ship of wage stabilization is listing badly and is about ready i’* ic aiuumzauon is listing oaaiy ana is about reaay Jmore imminent is the danger. Labor does not propose "that* weT let controls. It merely asks that we change our anchorage to the realities of today and set our whole wage stabilization on an even keel. Third, the Little Steel formula should go because it is unfair. It is unfair not only because it cheats every worker out of the rise in the cost of living after May 1942. It is unfair also because it reprives of his just compensation the worker who is doing more and better work. And it is unfair, above all, because it favors the high paid worker against the low paid worker. That is because it is a percentage formula. You are paid 40 cents an hour. Your cost of living adjustment is only 6 cents an hour. The other fellow is $1.20 an hour. His cost of living adjustment is 18 cents an hour. But the (intent of the formula is to enable°the workers to meet the rise in Tiving'costZ IS (American Federation of Labor, pleading for the removal of the Little Steel I am pleading not only on behalf of the organized workers, but the (unorganized workers as well, for those white-collar workers, clerks and Fourth, the formula should be replaced because Tt’is■'crippling. Its con- (Se1V todustX “1IeLr mont^^nd“that I d|^ prnnnino- iin in nnp fipld orling war j°bs to ,dMkPaid j°bs in trade and services, the formula will make (power Commissioner Paul McNutt as- IQ/M s 1 nOIlKSCJllrmCf lU^ra —.DOCZCnilGClCl 1O A New World a program in the life of every American to mak democracy the marching, fighting, conquering ideological world force. You can begin today in your home, union, plant, office and farm. The way you live will be the deciding factor. Then Thanksgiving 1944 will be the beachhead to the new’ world. 0 ... INVESTMENT IN THE FUTURE In thousands of communities all over the country, the appeals of the National War Fund and Community War Chests are drawing to a close. Once again the American people have staunchly stood by.their men and women in the armed forces, their nard-pressed civilian Allies abroad, and needed wel fare services here at home. And once again the men and women of the American Federation of Labor have amply borne their share of responsibility in this campaign. But the actual campaign, the month devoted to the concentrated effort of fund-raising, is not the whole story of labor’s contribution to this vital work. Labor’s role in the National War Fund’s activities is a year-round matter. Labor’s point of view is expressed, through the Labor League for Human Rights and other accredited representatives, on all War Fund levels, from the National War Fund’s executive board and budget committee right down to local war Chest committees. In what is after all the real work of the National War Fund, the budgeting of relief moneys, allocations of relief and routing of assistance to points where it is most desperately needed, labor’s cooperation is not only accepted—it is sought. We can^ail remember a time when labor’s isolation from the rest of the community was a problem which seemed insoluble, a time when labor as an organized force was not only misunderstood and mistrusted, but bypassed. Much of this isolation has disappeared in the past three years, three years during which labor’s" fervent desire to aid in all phases of the war effort has brought it into the forefront of community activities of all kinds. But no part of labor’s contribution to the war effort—not labor’s work on the production line, not labor’s steadfast determination to live up to the no-strike pledge, not even labor’s war bond purchases—have brought it so much credit, admiration and respect as have its activities on behalf of these war relief and community welfare drives. This new attitude is good for the American Federation of Labor, good for the community. And in the difficult years ahead, we of organized labor must see to it that these are strengthened as well. newly-forged bonds are not merely maintained .•'■’JVSWVrf "C..J .. ... ,s* Scrap The Little Steel Formula!|| comm^^sw?hu measurements tbe worker’s along“ton,“and us As Gen. Ciay has said, “thean work in foundries and casting and forging Selective Service director, said that (in war, neither is there in peace. anu a proper meirmu OI regu- eiVi 1*1 Al_ re. _1 _1 ar __ r. i go^of all hiKh Paid worker as hard— when’’ benight as a representative of the ■others whose meaner pay, frozen by the formula, has borne the brunt of ris-1| WSA pointed out that nearly 5,000 ing prices. It is time we put an end to this gross inequity. I active merchant seamen are leaving ployment in our transition co peace. As overtime hours are reduced and the (^a"Power controls had to be tight- (weekly earnings are cut, and as workers are forced to shift from higher pay-Tened t° retain the men. War Man he,a orllimpossible adjustniente in pay which would assure them the maintenance of isured the conference that WMC wouldl sufficient to support high employment and a high standard of living. |do all possible to recruit seamen. “.Jf* (shops is a hard, dirty, back-breaking job requiring phyiscal endurance.some Fourth, the formula should be replaced because it is crippling. Its con tinued application will become the main obstacle to the return to full em- It is truly world news, of concern and interest in many nations, that the American maritime industry, though beset with serious shortages of ex perienced seamen and officers to man its merchant ships supplying all battlefronts, cleared its decks at an industry-wide conference in Washing agreed on a program which will help solve its manpower prob lems. Macaley, War Shipping law|Working conditions are bad. The foundry worker’s pay does not measure Administration deputy administrator, in summing up the conference be tween maritime unions, ship opera tor association representatives, and officials of Army Transportation Service, Navy, Coast Guard, Manpower Commission, Selective Service and Immigration and Natur alization Service, reported the pro posals which received general in dorsement by the conference were: Extension of union and operator office hours when necessary, particularly I during the holiday season a freer I ex^iange of information as to man-1 power resources between unions, I companies and the WSA Recruitment I and Manning Organization agree-1 ment by unions and operators to pro-1 vide machinery for settling “beefs” I immediately upon termination of the I voyage full publicity on contribution I of the merchant marine to the war. I grim«Edward and the physical Strain he has to put in his job. scrap the Little Steel Major General Lewis B. Hershey,!War Macauley emphasized to the con-1 ference the necessity for closer co-1 operation and coordination. “Unless I ship operating companies and unions I cooperate and coordinate their activ-l ities more closely, we may have I serious difficulties in manning Ameri- I can flag vessels during the holiday I season,” he declared. Fl The deputy administrator pointed to the fact that the experienced sea men in active merchant service should be given more credit for the splendid job they have performed since the beginning of the war. He assured the conference that WSA was not un mindful of its responsibility to the men in the merchant marine, and that all possible would be done to main- ----------, tain their present status. the hmnt. nt ris. meJcbant 8 fob^in^ operation of the present merchant fleet for at least 3% years after ces sation of hostilities due to the de mands for supplies, rehabilitation work and the movement of troops in many parts of the world. WISDOM J! Blessed is he who has found his work let him ask no other blessed ness. He has work, a life purpose. Labor is life.—Thomas Carlyle. SWEDISH UNION HONORS MOVEMENT’S PIONEERS Stockholm (ILNS). The Swedish Cooperative Union recently unveiled a granite monument near Stockholm in honor of the cooperative move ment and its pioneers in the 4 Nordic countries. The unveiling took place in the presence of delegations from the cooperative societies of Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. At the ceremony it was emphasized that the Swedish Cooperative Union is ready to participate in the gigan tic task of international reconstruc tion, which will have to be taken up after the war, and further to extend and strengthen the collaboration of the cooperative organizations in the Nordic countries. A feature of the program was the arrival of the so called Rochdale relay couriers, named after the town in England where the cooperative movement had its birth. Carrying banners and starting at Malmo, in southern Sweden, as well as at Laisvall, in northernmost Lap land, the 350 participants in a bicycle I relay race covered a total distance of I almost 5,100 miles and passed through I 200 communities. 1 800 but I. B. E. W. TO BARGAIN an election by a 2-to-l International Brother- Winning in majority, the liood of Electrical Workers was certi fied this week by the National Labor Relations Board as bargaining agency for employees of the Elyria Telephone Company, Elyria, Ohio. S5 Thursday, November 23, 1944 THE CHERRY TREE IF here ^ilh Our Littlf Rntcnri IFe Tell the Truth 4hout Hany Thing*, Sometime* Pro foundly, Sometime* Flippantly and Sometime* Reckle**ly. I It is an interesting circumstance I that no sooner had the election (written off of our outstanding I isolatoinists than the British censors I let us have the story of V2. I Those who didn’t know it before I may not know that there is forever more no such thing as isolation in Iwar. I Today V2 is rather a clumsy thing —a flying telegraph pole that can be aimed at a large area, but that can not be aimed at a true target. But tomorrow—! At this stage of World War I the tank was a puny fore-runner of to day’s monster. The airplane was a feeble thing in comparison to the great bombers and the lightning fighters of this war. Let another war come and V2 can start from Berlin and hit the Empire State Building or it can start from y Long Island and hit Berstedgaden— or the Krupp works. y For while today the V2 weapon is fired like an old fashioned rocket, y tomorrow’s flying bomb will be aimed as it flies, guided in the stratosphere by radio control. Chances are that we are not much behind Berlin in developing rocket weapons. All big nations know fundamentals. the na the If there is another war every tion will have them—along with I logical development of jet propelled planes or perhaps planes driven by some yet unknown source of energy. Just as a policeman in Miami has just developed a super FM radio that has no dead spots and is not deflected by barriers, but goes straight through them, without fading or anything to mar the clarity of reception. The speed of progress in such things always increases geometrical lly. You can figure for yourself about where we will be in another short ten years. Perhaps the American people, in their recent voting sensed this thing this amazing rate of progress just ahead. And, if there is no more isolation I After a great war in the past the (most powerful nation could go calmly Earlier in the meeting, Maritime (about the business of exploiting to Commission Chairman Vice Admiral (the limit all other peoples. Not any Emory S. Land forecast the full-scale (more, brothers not any more. i ty’e have passej stage now anc| the two great tokens of that passing |are the German flying bomb and our own great election. It is satisfying (that our contribution was one of (peaceful ways—the free election. There remain a few isolationists in our Congress. It is to be hoped that they will rightly interpret the hand writing on the wall. But whether they do or not, they can no longer force this nation into their narrow and ridiculous pathway. Isolationism, which means living selfishly apart, is done done for keeps, in a day of political awakening and of technical advance in long range killing that is as far ahead yesterday as rifles were ahead bows and arrows. of of of Let us harbor no foolish dreams turning back from the direction we have now deliberately taken.—CMW. WHAT NEXT? Streamlined scrubs for stream liners are the latest labor-displac ing device on the Chicago & North Western Railroad. Since installation of a portable mechanical car washer, an 18-car train is washed in about 22 minutes. The device is constructed in the form of a steel arch and is lined with a series of revolving brushes which, with the help of a fine spray of water, scrub the train as it passes through the arch. It cost $7,500. WOMEN “MAN” FIRE BUREAU Chicago (ILNS).— Pasadena, (’al., has combined the fire alarm and fire prevention bureau records units in one office which now is run by women. Two women are on duty each shift, one al the switchboard, the other keeping records, the international City Mana gers Association re|Mrts. If there is a tire alarm the clerical work is aban doned, and one operator keeps in touch by a 2-way radio with the apparatus dispatched to the fire while the other woman handles the switchboard. Ask for Uuion Labeled merchandise.