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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, December 21, 1944, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1944-12-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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Many state labor laws were relaxed
-during the war to increase produc
tion The impact of reconversion on
future state regulation of wages and
hours of work, safety and health,
child labor, migratory labor, work
men's compensation and similar prob
lems was discussed by various com
mittees composed of state adminis
trators and other authorities in these
Miss Perkins declared state labor
department “should be strengthened
with adequate authority and funds
and trained personnel to meet the
problems and opportunities that read
justment to peacetime production and
removal of many federal controls will
Conference Asks
Minimum Pay Of
65 Cents Hourly.
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)./—- The
annual National ConfereriW^oB Labor
Legislation unanimously recommend
’•t«ed that “all states move as rapidly
«as possible to extend the benefits of
legal minimum wage rates of not less
than 65 cents an hour to all workers.”
The conference, called by the U. S.
Labor Department, was composed of
labor commissioners and union repre
sentatives from more than 40 states.
The committee on state regulation
of wages, hours and home work pro
posed that an effective minimum wage
law should establish a basic minimum
for women and minors and that no
man should be paid less
1 a"
Plans State Action To Aid
a v 7
In Change-Over From
War To Peace Production
version and post-war periods.’
All-Out Effort Urged
The delegates representing state
labor departments and organized la
bor heard a call for immediate all-out
effort to speed lagging war produc
tion in critical materials and an out
line of foreseeable reconversion pos
1 sibilities which may vary with the
length of time it takes to achieve vic
tory over Japan, once Germany is de
»The conference considered the
earliest possible return to peacetime
labor standards that is consistent
with the needs of the fighting fronts.
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Gearing of state labor policies
to the needs of reconversion were considered by representatives
from more than 30 states appointed by their governors at the 11th
National Conference on Labor Legislation, called by the U. S. De
partment of Labor in Washington last week.
7 “Our first responsibility is to help meet present critical war
needs,” Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins said in announcing the
calling of the conference. “But with 44 state legislatures meeting
next year, plans must be discussed now for achieving maximum
employment and maintaining purchasing power during the recon-
than the
It also recognized that
for raising the statutory
upon recommendation of
wage boards representing employers,
workers and the public be approved.
Both proposals also were adopted
In a section on equal pay for men
and women, the conference recog
nized that during the transition from
war to peace employment opportun
ities would decrease, resulting in
greater competition for jobs.
After pointing out that “the rate
for the job,” as between men and
women performing comparable work,
was already a well-established prin
ciple in collective bargaining, the con
ference decided that this principle, in
all occupations should be strength
ened and made more effective by en
actment of legislation in all states
similar to that now in effect in 5
'»g Referring to hours of work, the
conference declared that relaxation of
hour law standards should come to an
end on V-E day or sooner where
feasible, except in rare, isolated in
^Stances where the 'for opn
*tinuation of a temporary relaxation
is established.
7 Conferee Makes
(Cnlintfd From Page
health committee we feel the trade
has made a great step forward that
will be of great benefit to every one
working in the shops. From time to
time we have tried to set up commit
tees to eliminate health hazards but
every time there seems to be some
thing lacking that would hinder the
functioning of the committee. With
the manufacturers now willing to go
along with us in an effort to reduce
health hazards, there is no doubt that
real progress will be made.
A report that some members of our
local were seen crossing the picket
line at the Grant store brought forth
a warning from the chair, that an
investigation will be made and the
guilty parties punished. How would
you feel if the potters were maintain
ing a picket line and members of
other organizations would cross it?
A word to the wise should be suffi
We wish to take this opportunity
rf wishing the Executive Board mem
bers and everyone throughout the
trade, a Merry Christmas and a
Happy New Year.—O. C. 53.
audMM MMMnds of us all.
States Responsible For
Good Labor Legislation
Washington, D. C. (ILNS.
Unless the states enact decent
labor laws and vigorously en­
force them the federal govern
ment will be “pressured” to ex
tend its authority, Secretary of
Labor Perkins told the opening
session of the National Confer
ence on Labor Legislation.
Addressing labor commission
ers and representatives of or
ganized labor from 42 states,
she said she has consistently
supported the limitation of fed
eral regulation but that she was
impelled to give state labor
commissioners “a friendly but
solemn warning that unless
state’s rights are matched with
state responsibility for decent
labor laws and for vigorous en
forcement, pressures upon the
federal government will grow
for further extension of its
Albany, N. Y. (ILNS).—The Em
pire State Federation of Teachers
Unions has asked Gov. Dewey to sup
port an increase in the state’s mini
mum teacher salary from $1,200 to
In a telegram to Dewey, delegates
tri a meeting of the federation de
clared the organization believed “a
grave situation faces schools of the
nation with a 200,000 teacher short
age, with 70,000 teaching on ‘emerg
ency certificates’ and with 10,000 un
covered classes.”
“.Many teachers of the state have
received no wage adjustment since
1929,” it continued. “Unless a com
prehensive program to cope with this
situation is adopted, the schools will
lose their most inspirational person
alities at a most critical moment.
Standards will then have to be low
ered.' 5
“We earnestly urge you to send a
special message to the Legislature
asking for an increased state salary
minimum of $1,800 an extension of
tenure to rural schools, and increased
financial aid to localities to enable
them to adjust salaries to the 29
40 per cent
4 ♦5-wp
i 7
advance in the cost
Conference Held To Plan
Recruitment Of Seamen
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Means
of overcoming the threatening short
age of seamen for the merchant ships
that are delivering supplies to the
fighting fronts and other matters of
importance to merchant marine, oper
ators and workers were discussed at
an industry wide conference held
Among those invited were repre
sentatives of ship operators’ associa
tions, labor unions, War Manpower
Commission, Selective Service Sys
tem, Navy, Coast Guard, Army
Transport Service, Immigration and
Naturalization Service and major offi
cials of WSA.
“The maritime industry is faced
with a critical problem in manpower
shortages which promises to grow in
creasingly serious,” said Vice Ad
miral Emory S. Land, L'SN, retired,
War Shipping Administrator, in his
letters of invitation to attend. “Con
siderable apprehension is being felt
regarding the availablity of men,
particularly in the next 3 months
covering the holiday season Be
cause of the emergency nature of this
meeting, we expect to go beyond dis
cussion and reach agreement on con
crete action to be taken.”
Demand the Union Isabel on all
your purchases.
Legion To Meet
With AFL Heads
Teachers A allocation,
body, has been fighting
minimum salary. A bill
The State
for a $1,500
to that purpose was defeated at the
last legislative session.
Reference Required-—Apply In Mornings
East Liverpool City Hospital
Indianapolis.—Two national confer
ences to be sponsored by the labor re
lations committee of the American
Legion, were authorized by the Le
gion’s national executive committee.
Acting on the recommendations of
Labor Relations Chairman Fred G.
Fraser, the Legion approved:
A conference to be held in Wash
ington during the first ten days of
February, 1945, with representatives
of the AFL, CIO, Railway Labor
Executives Association and the United
Mine Workers of America, to adjust
differences, if any, that might exist
between organized, labor and the
American Legion.
A joint conference with representa
tives of labor and industry
the general labor relations
returning veterans may be
and their rights protected,
or place for this conference
1 -4 ,V*r 4-.
i' i -J1 7
1 1. V 1—
Housmg Drive In Pdst-Wor
Planned By Henry Kaiser
Plans To Make Low
Cost Homes A Reality
New York City.—-Henry J. Kaiser,
kingpin of war production, intends to
turn his talents and resources to
home-building when peace comes,
with the aim of bringing costs down
by large-scale production so that mil
lions more families can afford to own
modern dwellings.
At a conference of the National
Committee on Housing at the Bilt
more Hotel, Mr. Kaiser expressed the
conviction that residential building
after the war could do for American
economy “what the automobile did
for us in the early Nineteen Twen
ties,” and said his organization had
been looking closely into the “tre
mendous” potentialities of the hous
ing problem. After his speech, when
asked directly if he would enter thii
new field he said:
“If we can be helpful, we will. I
call your attention again to the need
for cutting costs. That is the direc
tion in which we are aiming and must
aim. It is a matter of large-scale
output, although not necessarily in
volving prefabrication.”
Citing his revolutionary methods
in other industries and their effect on
production, realty men and housing
experts called the prospect of Mr.
Kaiser’s entry into home construction
“one of the most significant develop
ments” for the future of their busi
ness. They called attention to his
at which
No date
has been
Local Union No. 87
(Continued Fra tn Page Ont)
people who have risked their lives in
the common war against fascism can
not be condoned on any basis.
“We applaud Mr. Stettinius’ prompt
and decisive statement absolving the
United States of this criminally mis
guided step. We urge further clari
fication of our stand immediately, so
that no more blood need be shed be
tween countries whose aims are,
essentially, the same.”—O. C. 87.
One Ware Turner for Vitrified
China. Phone or write the Jackson
Vitrified China CoM Falls ('reek, Pa.
Availability Stqtspient Required
of Union Label Trades, A. F. of L.” is the name of a Boeing Flying Fortress, the
Spirit of Union Label Trades, A. F. of L. is the name of a Boeing Flying Fortress, the famous high-alti
tude daylight precision bomber which is operating in .war theatres throughout the world. The Boeing Fortress has
four’engines and a wing span of approximately 104 feet. It has a top speed in excess of 300 miles an hour, carries
a bomb load up to ten tons, has a service ceiling above 40,000 feet, is heavily armed with thirteen 50 calibre ma
chine guns, and is capable of operating over a long range. The War Department forwarded the above photograph
of rhe flying fortress to Charles E. Sinnigen, Chairman of the War Bond and Stamp Committee of the New York
State Federation of Labor and Secretary of the Central Union Label Council of Greater New York. The Commit
tee carried on a successful campaign in which $600,(MM) in War Bonds were sold. Mr. Sinnigen and the Committee
were congratulated for their outstanding achievement by I. M. Orhburn, Secretary-Treasurer of the Union Label
Trades Department of the American Federation of Labor. ____________________________________________________
4- kw/Mi rrVt /Ml 4- lliz*
ownership of some plants closely
allied with the construction business,
including a large streamlined cement
plant in California, and his announce
ment this week of a cut in price for
the product of that plant in the face
of recent price increases by other
producers. They pointed out also the
close relationship between shipbuild
ing and house-building, with many
carpenters and other former building
mechanics now employed in his yards.
Commenting on the outmoded con
dition of millions of American homes
and the backlog of demand created by
war restrictions, Mr. Kaiser said he
could see the possibility of “the great
est decade in residential construction
on record” immediately after the war,
but warned that the future of the in
dustry rested on sound leading prac
tices and said “the nation awaits a
constructive financing program which
will contribute to low-cost housing.”
“In the zeal to lend money for home
building there aggin will be the temp
tation to finance! the cheap and un
lovely type of dwelling which has been
a blight on American communities for
decades,” he continued.
“The jerry builder could not have
operated without financial assistance.
Such professional speculators are cer
tain to appear again to take advan
tage of a market where demand ex
ceeds supply. There should be a
broad plan of agreement among all
lending agencies which will recognize
and help to establish minimum stand
ards in home building. If the Ameri
can home means as much as our
declarations about it, we dare not
venture on a building boom which will
lay the foundations for new slum
areas in I960.”
He suggested 'that new materials
and methods might help to make the
desired low-cost home a reality and
pointed out that ample funds were
awaiting investment in housing but
that these funds “must not be frozen
fear of uneipployment.
Severance Pay
(Continued From Page Ont)
cent maladjustment allowance (Little
Steel formula) to offset the rise in the
cost of living was unjust and in
equitable. The refusal of the WLB to
act on this issue again demonstrates
clearly that the board has succeeded
in freezing waggs by delay and in
Requests Bill Be
’Must' Legislation 7
New York City (ILNS)—Six weeks
before the official opening of its cam
paign for a minimum of $1,000,000,
the Free Trade Union Committee has
already received a contribution of
$100 from A. Philip Randolph, presi
dent of the Brotherhood of Sleeping
Car Porters, announced Matthew
Woll, president of the committee.
The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters thus becomes the first of the
hundreds of national and interna
tional AFL unions to extend its con
crete support to the work of the com
The committee was set up by the
Labor League for Human Rights to
strengthen and re-establish demo
cratic trade unions abroad.
Labor Favors
(Continued From Page Ont)
those “who have suffered under' the
Hitler regime because of race, creed
or national origin.”
5—A plan for repatriation, with
their rights unaffected, for “those
who have been driven” from their
6—International machinery where
by new homes will be found “in other
parts of the world” for “those who
wander the earth unable or unwilling
to return to the scenes of unforget
able horror” from which they fled.
Renew Wage
(Continued From Page Ont)’
who fail to receive a check who had
failed to qualify, due to sickness, or
entering the service will be taken up
with the firm in an effort to reach an
Invest in Victory—10 per cent of pay
tn War Bonds today.
Flexible and
rigid arch
styles in ox
fords and
high shoes.
X-ray Fitting
of the
CHEERY Merry Christmas to ail as wa
gather around the festive tree which is
a symbol of the bounty that we^
have enjoyed through the year..
as the bells welcome a
New Year, let them bring!
our sincere good wishes for you»i
continued good fortune.
7 7*
East Sixth Street
si ^5
USPA Will Hold
Annual Meeting s
At Pittsburgh
Will Elect Officers.
Discuss Trade View
The William Penn Hotel in Pitts
burgh was again chosen as the site
for the 66th annual meeting of the
United States Potters Association,
officials of that organization an
nounced this week. The two-day ses
sion will get under way on January 8.
The association will discuss trade
problems, consider post-war plans and
elect officers. s. U
Clyde C. Davidson of East Liver
pool, now second vice president, is
expected to be chosen president, suc
ceeding E. Kenneth Koos, also of
East Liverpool, under the organiza
tion’s advancement rule.
fepptain Frederick P. Lawrence o?
Newell, W. Va., will retain the first
vice presidency because army duties
will not permit acceptance of the
presidency, association members said.
S. Donald Agnew of Cambridge,
onw third vice president, will become
now third vice president, while a third
vice president will be chosen from the
general membership. Wilbert E. Betz
of East Liverpool is expected to be
reelected secretary-treasurer.
Personal And7
(Cantinntd From Pagt Ont)
versary. However, I rejoice to record
that I am still able to provide motive
power for the glorified gondola they
call a truck, and heave 125 pound
boxes of assorted hollow ware around.
Having gone through the deck in the
vitamin field, I think I have found one
that holds you up both in sprints and
Note that W. Winehell declares
that he has it from a government
official that THIRTY BILLION cigar
ettes are still under cover in stores.
While I agree in part with your
theory of holding out for higher
prices, I think that the innate hog
gishness on the part of too many of
us would soon create a shortage if
the entire 30,000,000,000 were put on
the market tomorrow. Of course there
is always the black market, where
twenty-five to fifty cents may pro
duce one of the better brands/ but
that is one thing any decent Ameri
can should shun. As this may be my
last attempt before 1945, I take the
occasion to wish the Herald and its
employees the very merriest, of
Christmastides.—O. C. 6.
Advertising proinoh* ideas of all
sorts—including the idea of buying.
“r 4
JPke lively leget of Chriitmua day
lhe atones and the song* and the half
fairy fere that gather afound itj the an­
cient traditions of dusky woods and
tic rites the magnificence or sim^city of
Christian observance the lighting of
Christmas trees thd hanging up of stock-
ings, the profuse giving, the happy fam-
»ily meetings, the dinner, the game, the
dance—they are all the natural signs and
symbols, the Sower and fruit, of Christ-
mas." For-Christmas is the day of days
which declares the universal human con-
sciousness that peace on earth cornea
only from good will to men.
The Frank Crook Co.
Thursday, December 21, 1944
i* '.n-
Local Union No. 10 at the
January 15th meeting will vote
on asking a vote of the trade to
change the salaries of National
Frank Duffy, President
Thomas Curley, Vice Pres.
James D. Gibson, Fin. Sec.
Fred McGillivray, Rec. Sec.
«m$$4 4444«44
Sebring, Ohio, Local Union
No. 59 will meet Tuesday, De
cember 26 at 7:30 p. m. in the
City Hall. Election of officers
and report of conferee.
The following members were
suspended by Local Union No.
163 at their last meeting: Leatha
Parsons, Virginia Winland and
Charles Garen.
In nearly every field of business
enterprise, the first man on the scene
has a great advantage over his com
Supply Limited. Make le$
i tions Early,
IS u ditftnt

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