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prv-rt Jarne-i Fir-t V 1' i-i Bank Bnil.hm S.™r,i Live !“'!, 0Li». le in-r, w SHje 3?alters Herald OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS and EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL Published every Thursday at East Liverpool. Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., rtrninF nnd operating ths Beat Trades Newspaper and Jot J. Printing Plant in the State. Entered at Postot’ice, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second la s tn .t .sr. Aec pted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage l.nn j.iv.l tor hi Section 118, Act of October 13, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. General Office. N. B. of O. P. Building, W. 5th St., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL.......................... —___ Editor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United Sfafie or Canada--------- ------12.00 .A*€L M. Duffy, P. O- Box 8, East Liverpool, Ohio. nt—E. L. Whentb y, Room 215, Broad Street National Trenton 8, New Jet r-y. i Pi.-ident—Frank Hull, »111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington Th i i.i *'V ice isident—James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, (b i"v Fourt i Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, Fifth Vi.. I’, ddent—George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9. Sixth16Vi.v I*resident—George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East Seventh e i ident—Charles Jordan, 175 East Virginia Avenue. S Ohio. .. ... Eighth i... President—Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, West Seci«h '. j-Treasurer—John D. McGillivray, P. O. Box 6, East Liver pool, Ohio. GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Mar.'J .. turers...........................M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL Opuiuu.je, John McGillivray, louis pieslock. f. haynes CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers. E K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ Kat?^ -BERT CLARK, H. R. HAISLOP, CHARLES JORDA DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers, ROBERT DIETZ, Sr.. MARGARET PARKER, RAY BROOM S, W. A. BETZ Oi«unv», JAMES SLAVEN, HUGO MILLER. ROLAND HORTON FOR PEACE AFTER VICTORY rpHE RANK and file of citizens of the United States believe that lasting peace can be estab lished on these principles: The United Nations seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other. They desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed M.ishes of the peoples concerned. They respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live and they wish to see sovereign rights and self-government restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them. The«e principles are sound and seem a clear cut guide. As the fighting has progressed, apprehension has grown that principles other than these were guiding decisions as to the nature of governments to be set up in liberated countries and as to the boundaries of the states themselves. I The citizens of the United States have loyally met the t-aerifices necessary to fight this war, in the conviction that we were fighting not only against aggression but for a genuine world or ganization based upon liberty and justice for all, so that the settlements following this war shouk not create conditions which would inevitably lead to a third and even more ghastly world war. We realize that he fighting members of the United Nations have a special responsibility in assuring mutually satisfactory temporary condi tions and final peace terms which will afford all nations the means of dwelling in safety within its own form of government, with sovereign rights and self-government restored. Of late months we as citizens have noted the negotiation of treaties between certain individual members of the United Nations which may be counter to the interests and objectives of the United Nations as a whole. We have seen power, won by military force, utilized to impose terms and conditions on liberated peoples which may invalidate the principle of self-determination. It is obvious that the peace treaty should not be dictated in the wake of the military, but should be negotiated under conditions where deliberation is possible and where each separate part is inte grated into a total plan and pur|xse. if----------- UNION A LABOR leader of long standing said the other day “Don’t make any mistake about it. Every individual who is a member of this organization owes nearly all he has to the organization—to the principle of cooperation.” To some this may seem a sweeping statement but it has great truth in it. Nearly every one, even those who reach high places owe much to the union and to the union principles. The union is an educational society. It is a prop in time of trouble. It not only gives economic protection in the way of income, but gives a man a chance to develop himself as leader, as speaker, as student and as’ good citizen. This fact should never be lost sight u£. In trying times like these, every union man should weigh his own actions in terms of its ef fects upon his organization. We all know the so called card man who rides the organization for what he can get out of it. We hope this breed dwindling.—Electric Workers Journal. HIGH Ol RT IS RIGHT AGAIN rpHE JUSTICE Department asked the Supreme 1 Court to rule that the testimony of one witness is suffickjnt to convict a defendant charged with perjury. I-ast Monday the court rejected the de partment's plea, reaffirming the old rule that there must lx1 more than one witness, or if only one, there must be corrolMnative .circumstances. Thus, the court demonstrates once more that it is right on fundamentals. In our eagerness to convict a bad man, we shouldn’t make it possible to railroad an innocent man to the penitentiary. 1 —...... KEEP WATCHING 1UIIATS GOING on in Washington is mighty important these days. But a person’s got to iy have about four or five pairs of eyes and ears to keep track of all the things that need watching. Rij iit at home in your own state legislature they may be deciding great chunks of your future right now! In the same way, city and county govern merits make decisions that mean much in terms of food, sm Iter, education, and so on, to the people who live uithin their limits. “Keep watching them ..ud let them know you’re watching.” N is I’. A. WHICH WAY AMERICAN INDUSTRY? ONE OF THE most striking evaluations of the struggle in American industry today, and what ies ahead for labor, management and government, was made recently by Dr. John R. Steelman, Di rector, U. S. Conciliation Service, 1937-44. Speak ng with the fire of conviction born out of prac tical experience in industry, he said: “Today each of us here at home must face the lirect, soul-searching question, ‘Are we worthy of the blood that is being spilled by our fighting men in their great drive for liberation?’ “This question gives us pause. It should re shape our values and redirect our lives. A quiet determination to make certain the sacrifice is not in vain brings all of us together as never before. That sense of national unity, that spirit of high courage, we must retain. To me this is the essence of conciliation. “Never before in history have industrial rela tions been so important as they are now. There are two reasons for this. First, the immediate need for increased war production on the home stretch to victory. Second, the long term need to make the American conception of industrial and national teamwork a dynamic idea, capable of capturing the imagination of the millions. For unless we can successfully dramatize this most basic of all national needs, we shall be at the mercy of alien ideologies of class warfare and na-l tional disunity. “My experience in the United States Concilia tion Service for the past ten years has given me one burning conviction—that the future of Amer ica depends on Management, Labor, and Govern ment finding an unbreakable teamwork in the post-war years. We shall all be up against it— Industry, Government, and public alike. Problems we cannot now even imagine will confront us anc demand the best from our thinking, our planning, and most important, our ability to stick together in facing the unknown. “Since war began, my office has handled over 50,000 industrial disputes. The greatest indlstrial revolution, the greatest time-saver and money saver that could come to America woud be a spirit of united dedication to the job of making team work the normal practice of industry. Everybody would benefit. Other nations who are looking not only for industrial techniques but also for an in dustrial philosophy, would bless the day that we gave the lead in this direction. “That is where the Moral Re-Armament indus trial drama, ‘The Forgotten Factor,’ supplies the answer. It shows how the stubborn factor of human nature can be dealt with. It says a great deal in brief space. The spirit it depicts and the men who are working in this spirit are as truly industrial pioneers of the future as were the tech nical and organizational giants who built up the present framework of American industry.” if----------- GRAVE CHARGE ’TIIE AMERICAN Federation of Labor has made a very serious charge against heads of the Army and Navy, a charge that up to this writing they have made no real attempt to refute. The federation says that it has “repeatedly offered cooperation to Army and Navy chiefs to supply manpower where needed.” “We have asked them,” it adds “to give us lists of the plants with manpower shortages and the skills required. No manpower needs can be filled without this information. But only once have they given us lists and allowed us to co operate. On all other occasions they have refused, and talked only in general terms of a huge man power need. “After Gen. Somervell’s address to our con vention last November, we were given a list of 83 war plants needing 45,0(10 workers. At once we had our representatives contact the plants to sup ply workers. All these needs have either been filled or are being filled.” The federation further charges that in some cases it was found that manpower needs were “greatly exaggerated.” It cites instances of this exaggeration and asks, in view of these experi ences, “are all claims of manpower shortages genuine?” It looks to any fair minded person that the A FL charge must be proved false or the military heads stand convicted of virtual sabotage of the war production program. MEDICAL CARE FOR ALL AMERICANS ^URGEON General Thomas Parran of the Public] Health Service has been studying health and hospital problems for many, many years. He is probably as well informed as any man living. In his annual report, Dr. Parran suggests that Congress provide a ‘'network of hospitals” which will make “the latest developments of medical science available to all.” Altogether, there would be 2,400 “health cen ters,” placed at what may be called “strategic points” and they would be “tied into a system of rural, district and base hospitals.” It’s an ambitious plan and it would cost plenty of money—possibly as much as we spend in a week on the global war we are now fighting—but it would save lives, not destroy them. if----------- TOBACCO TRUST GETS A FREE HAND KNOW it’s highway robbery,” said the man 1 behind the counter at the little cigar store. “I am charging you from 65 to 300 per cent more than the normal price. For example, this cigar is 10 cents, and it used to be two for a nickel. Of course, that’s profiteering and there is no excuse for it, but what can I do? Uncle Sam seems to be afraid of the big tobacco companies.” Very frank, and very truthful. Look in any cigar case and you will find the story repeated. The Tobacco Trust lobbyists are just too much for O. In order to maintain American living stand ards, labor insists that wage rates keep pace with inevitable wartime increases in prices of neces sities of life. Let no one tell you that labor seeks to profit from the war by obtaining wage in creases. Such adjustments in wages as labor de mands are for the purpose of maintaining and preserving American standards of life.—William Gjeen. the potters herald IS: $ MANPOWER WASTE of this chair.” TELL—AND ACT—THE TRUTH! By RUTH TAYLOR “Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.” Abraham Lincoln No—I did not pick a text from one of Lincoln’s great speeches on free dom for a holiday article. My text is not from the immortal Gettysburg ad dress—nor from any state document. It is not even from his statement on labor which you al! print so proudly. But just the same it is one of the finest statements for Labor that can be made—this remark of the man who suffered more from slurs and slanders than most men ever do and wno remain unembittered to the end. Truth is generally the best vindication against slander. Hut the truth must be the “truth” and not just our own views colored to suit the circumstances. 1 hold that Organized Labor has nothing to fear if it expresses in action the truth as shown in its own vows, its own expressed ideals, if it speaks the truth according to the whole facts—neither glossing over faults nor mini mizing virtues. Truth is generally the best vindication against slander. Organized Labor has done a job on production of which it can be proud. The record on authorized strikes is clear. The only way it can be presented is by the truth and the official stand on each strike. Organized Labor has done a job against discrimination and racial and religious prejudice second to none. The truth will prove this. Let’s state the facts. The best defense against adverse labor legislation is a fair presentation of all facts—following a fair study of the entire situation and a clearing up of whatever is not in accord with the best interests of all the workers. Truth is generally the best vindication against slander. But no one is going to hunt up the truth for us. We have to tell own own story! Don’t forget that. War Workers Not Leaving Jobs One of the favorite arguments put forward by champions of a “labor draft” law is that it is needed to stop the “exodus” of workers from war jobs into civilian industries. That argument was knocked into a cocked hat by David J. Saposs, re search director in the labor division of the War Production Board. Analyzing figures gathered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Siaposs declared that, like the premature story of Mark Twain’s death, the so-called exodus “has been much exaggerated.” “As a matter 6f fact, the quif rate among workers in war plants is lower than in non-war plants,” he said. That rate has been declining month by month and it’s now less than in 1943. “Furthermore, the quit rate in war factories is no higher than it would be in industry during a normal prosperous period. Actually—and thi$ isn’t much publicized—the rate of discharge and lay-offs has been going up, while voluntary quitting has been going down.” y a® —“I wish they’d release a man to SHOULD CONGRESS PASS A WORK OR FIGHT BILL? [Statement given by Lewis G. Hines, National Legislative Representa tive of the American Federation of Labor, over the Blue Network.] If the Congress of the United States finally enacts the work or fight bill America will have taken a long step down the path that leads to complete totalitarianism. Already two million of the seven million members the American Federation of Labor as well as many million more of our kinfolk, brothers and sisters, sons and daughters are serving along a far-flung battle line throughout the world. Certainly it goes without saying that wre are wholeheartedly behind the aims and purposes that will make for victory at the soonest possible moment. While agreeing with these aims and purposes, we do not agree with a Work or Fight Bill, simply because we feel that the methods proposed by this legislation would retard rather than aid the War Effort. The position of the American Federation of Labor, based on over half a century of experience, is that coercive and compulsory legislation cannot accomplish what a voluntary effort by free labor can. Reference has been made to England’s compulsory service act, perhaps to justify a work or fight bill here. The American worker produces twice as much per capita as the English worker. We also know that the man days lost through strikes in England under a compulsory service act are 16 per cent higher than they are in America. Absenteeism in England is recorded at 10 per cent as against 5 per cent in America. The sponsors of the work or fight Bill are made up almost wholly of representatives of the army and navy and selective service. While the opponents of this legislation comprise a solid front of organized labor, employers ^nd agriculture. Everyone agrees that there is no over-all manpower shortage in our war industries throughout the nation, but rather that present and anticipated increased manpower needs are confined strictly to a few industries and are local in character. We contend tHat the voluntary system of free labor has not failed. We point with pride to the production records of free American workers and American industry. We call attention to the existing machinery set up to handle waixmanpower problems now functioning in the War Manpower Commission where labor and management committees have done such a splendid job. The answer to any problem arising out of manpower shortages should not be coercive legislation, scrapping the present machinery and setting up new programs to be administered by selec tive service with punitive penalties. The functions of Selective Service should be confined sole and strictly to supplying our military needs. The present existing civilian machinery should be strengthened and its powers broadened in such a way that production needs for the war effort will be assured. We object most strenuously to the unfair high-pressure methods that have been employed to pit the soldier against the worker on the home front. Both are partners in the march to Victory. We believe that the soldiers on the battle field has confidence in his brothers and sisters on the production line at home, and he knows that they have not and will not let him down. Anything that tends to destroy the confidence between the soldier and the home front worker, such as trying to mal'e it appear that work or fight legislation is needed because we have failed or are about to fail on the home front, serious ly injures the morale of all our people. Despite all the speeches and propa ganda to the contrary, the workers of America are carrying their full share of the burdens and cost of this war. We are not only seeing our members and loved ones go off to fight and die for victory, but those of us who are destined to remain on the home front have been and will continue to produce for victory. We will do this in the traditional American way of free men. We will continue to demonstrate that American free labor can out-produce any nation anywhere. We are fighting this war to preserve American ideals of Freedom and to spread democracy throughout the world. What a pity it would be if we were compelled to surrender these ideals and democracy here at home. hoist me out i-'Miiftitoiiii'n mi I 'l COMMENT ON WORLD EVENTS S Discussing “Will compulsion injure the war effort?” the American Fed eration of Labor, in its “Labor’s monthly Survey” briefly compares strike and other war production records of free labor in the United States and under a compulsory sys- tern in Great Britain. The comparisons and conclusions drawn from facts cited sfre especially pertinent just now, when world at tention is focussed on the fight over a labor draft in the United States. “Our miracle of war production,” the AFL says, “has been due in no small part to the whole-hearted effort of free American labor. Donald Nel son, former WPB chief, said, ‘We call our secret weapon the initiative, the intelligence and “know-how” of the free American worker.’ Joseph Keenan, WPB, vice-chairman, said of airplane workers’ increased produc tion: ‘Their sense of participation and feeling of fair play have been so heightened that they broke all rec ords.’ Rear Admiral Frederick G. Crisp said in January, 1945 that pro duction achievement to date has been ‘nothing short of miraculous.’ WPB vice- chairmen C. S. Golden and J. D. Keenan said in January 1945: ‘Free labor in the United States has been able to meet every demand upon it. Despite all the difficulties and handi caps American workers have made the grade in every instance.’ Then the AFL goes on to comment and tell of British experience, saying: “Free American workers have given their best because they wanted to keep their freedom. They knew it was up to them, and they shouldered the responsibility for getting out pro duction. If now their freedom is taken from them by placing a club of compulsory power in the hands of Selective Service, this will be a daily demonstration that they have lost the thing they are working for. What will be the effect? “Perhaps we can judge from the experience of Britain where compul sory labor has been in effect through out the war. In Britain absentee rate? have averaged 10 per cent in 1943 and 1944 in America 6 to 7 per cent. “An impartial poll of British public opinion on compulsory labor stated: ‘All managements complained of in discipline of the new labor which was unwilling because if was drafted a minority of conscripts was satis factory.’ Are we now to kill the vali ant spirit of voluntary cooperation by a system of compulsion in this coun try?” The AFL says in conclusion: “The worker’s freedom to take or leave a job, as administered under our present system acts as an auto matic control to improve efficiency. American workers produce best when they come to the job of their own free will. Freedom to leave a job where their skills are not fully used is a safeguard against hoarding and waste of labor. Also, a free labor System forces plants to correct bad labor con ditions which cause inefficiency. All these incentives to efficiency are lost under a compulsory system. “Under labor’s no-strike pledge, the strike record has been exceptionally low. In 1944 only one-tenth of 1 per cent of work time was lost by strikes man-days worked averaged 700,000, 000 a month, man-days lost by strikes only 700,000. In Britain last year un der compulsory labor, strikes caused more losses of production than at any time in the last 12 years. Strike loss in Britain in 1944 was l(i per cent above that of U. S. A.” Tiny pinholes, invisible to the un aided eye, mean defective tin plate and possible spoilage of food. A Westinghouse Electric & Manufac turing to. photoelectric device has been developed to detect these de fects while the tin plate rolls 0ast at 1,000 feet a minute. Flawed sec tions of the metal are automatically marked to be cut and removed. STORM ACCIDENTS NOW HELD AKIN TO SABOTAGE Harrisburg, Pa. (ILNS).—A snow storm or blizzard is an excellent weather condition in which the motor ist who doesn’t have to drive should stay off the roads, T. Elmer Transeau, Director of Highway Safety warned here. “Blizzard accidents and blizzard traffic tieup are bad enough at any time but worse than ever now/’ Transeau declared. “With automobile stocks dwindling toward the absolute minimum to provide vital civilian transportation, it is nothing short of sabotage, to damage your own car or anyone else’s in an unnecessary acci dent. “Put anti-skid chains on your rear wheels, and see that your windshield wiper-defroster are in perfect condi tion. If they aren’t don’t drive!” He warned against the complacency some motorists feel over keeping their speed at the wartime limit of 35 miles an hour, a complacency which, according to the National Safety Council, bears part qf the blame for the rise of 53 per cent in the mileage death rate last winter in the 36 snowbeit states. A man is in the most imminent danger of being wrong when he is most positive of being right. Thursday, February 15, 1945 THE CHERRY TREE Where With Our Little Hatchet We Tell the Truth About Many Things, Sometimes Pro foundly, Sometimes Flippantly and Sometimes Recklessly, Whoever expects democracy and order, with everything sweetness and light, when the war ends, is dream ing a very fancy dream. The brutalities of this war have left a mark too deep to be washed out in one generation, let alone vanishing tomorrow. The war between our states, as the south likes to call it, was a fairly well conducted conflict, as wars go. But the bitterness has not all vanished yet. But in this war murder has been a mass production business with the Germans. There have been great mur der factories, where slaughter was purposeful, systematic, thorough. The Japs have been as brutal and ruthless as have the Germans. Barbarism has been more than a word. It leaped from the dictionary into hateful vengeful action. The results, in bitter, hating, sear ing memories, do not make for love and tolerance and freedom as we know it. There is something about dictator ship that robs human beings of the sensibilities of decency. And, if we do not kid ourselves, our great co-battler, Russia, is not with out the traits that accompany dicta torship. Russia has left deep scars upon Poland, to name but one coun try. They are not going to vanish when the guns cease firing. This generation, because of the greeds of the dictators, has built up anough venomous hate to last through the life-time of the youngest among our populations of today, which is to say, nearly a century. But entirely aside from the hates, democracy and freedom have a long road to travel. What about democracy in the vast areas of Africa, in Iran and Iraq, in Thailand, in Burma—and what about it in India? We may look for something ap proximating democracy* in France and perhaps in Italy, although if either of these nations should go Communist, as CAN happen, what then becomes of democracy? For Communism, as we know it in the world today, is NOT democracy. However much we may praise Rus sia jjs a fighting nation and the highest praise is not too much we need have no foolish illusions about her political philosophy. And all Com munism today will be like that. It cannot be otherwise. Then, to add to the grief of the w’orld, we have large segments of Latin America. Who talks of democracy in the Argentine? Or, for that matter, who talks of it in Brazil. Mexico walks toward democracy. Cuba had one really free election. Uruguay has a free ballot. But in how many other nations of this hemis phere aside from Canada and the United States, do you find it? Even in our own United States there is plenty of ruthlessness left. The strides have been tremendous, but only a blind person would say that the priceless heritage of democ racy is available to all, or is possess ed by all. What about our Negro population? And what about our Latin American workers, to hold the problem to a minimum There are still plenty of people standing on other people’s necks. “Law and order” are still not for all. For there is “order” and “power.” For others there is only “the law.” We have moved forward, in the last decade, amazingly. But let us know and be bitterly conscious of the fact that too much injustice remains—and that the world is not going to blossom like the rose, into full grown democ racy and freedom and blind-^yed justice for all. We this battered world must battle and struggle and THINK our way through many a passionate con flict and many a blind-mindedness be- fore the sun shines for all.—CMW. WISDOM Let us raise a standard to which the wise and honest can repair the rest is in the hands of God.—George Washington. MOST WOMEN SEEN WISHING TO KEEP PRESENT JOBS Birmingham, Ala. (ILNS).—Eighty per cent of this countny’s women war workers will want to remain gainfully employed after the war, according to Miss Frieda Miller, director of the Women’s Bureau, U. S. Department of Labor. Women have taken laboratory posi tions and are in other highly skilled operations, and they will not want to relinquish the big salaried jobs after the war, she told reporters in an in terview. Improved housekeeping facilities, she added, will leave women more time for useful employment. She came to Birmingham to survey the role of women in war production in this region.