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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 15, 1945, Image 4

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1945-02-15/ed-1/seq-4/

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Bank Bnil.hm
Live !“'!, 0Li».
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SHje 3?alters Herald
Published every Thursday at East Liverpool. Ohio, by the N. B. of O.
P., rtrninF nnd operating ths Beat Trades Newspaper and Jot
J. Printing Plant in the State.
Entered at Postot’ice, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second
la s tn .t .sr. Aec pted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage
l.nn j.iv.l tor hi Section 118, Act of October 13, 1917, authorized
August 20, 1918.
General Office. N. B. of O. P. Building, W. 5th St., BELL PHONE 575
HARRY L. GILL.......................... —___ Editor and Business Manager
One Year to Any Part of the United Sfafie or Canada--------- ------12.00
M. Duffy, P. O- Box 8, East Liverpool, Ohio.
nt—E. L. Whentb y, Room 215, Broad Street National
Trenton 8, New Jet
i Pi.-ident—Frank Hull, »111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington
Th i i.i *'V ice isident—James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool,
(b i"v
Fourt i Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8,
Fifth Vi.. I’, ddent—George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9.
Sixth16Vi.v I*resident—George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East
Seventh e i ident—Charles Jordan, 175 East Virginia Avenue.
Ohio. .. ...
Eighth i... President—Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, West
Seci«h '. j-Treasurer—John D. McGillivray, P. O. Box 6, East Liver
pool, Ohio.
Mar.'J .. turers...........................M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
John McGillivray,
louis pieslock. f. haynes
Manufacturers. E K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ
rpHE RANK and file of citizens of the United
States believe that lasting peace can be estab
lished on these principles:
The United Nations seek no aggrandizement,
territorial or other.
They desire to see no territorial changes
that do not accord with the freely expressed
M.ishes of the peoples concerned.
They respect the right of all peoples to
choose the form of government under which
they will live and they wish to see sovereign
rights and self-government restored to those
who have been forcibly deprived of them.
The«e principles are sound and seem a clear
cut guide.
As the fighting has progressed, apprehension
has grown that principles other than these were
guiding decisions as to the nature of governments
to be set up in liberated countries and as to the
boundaries of the states themselves. I
The citizens of the United States have loyally
met the t-aerifices necessary to fight this war, in
the conviction that we were fighting not only
against aggression but for a genuine world or
ganization based upon liberty and justice for all,
so that the settlements following this war shouk
not create conditions which would inevitably lead
to a third and even more ghastly world war.
We realize that he fighting members of the
United Nations have a special responsibility in
assuring mutually satisfactory temporary condi
tions and final peace terms which will afford all
nations the means of dwelling in safety within
its own form of government, with sovereign rights
and self-government restored.
Of late months we as citizens have noted the
negotiation of treaties between certain individual
members of the United Nations which may be
counter to the interests and objectives of the
United Nations as a whole. We have seen power,
won by military force, utilized to impose terms
and conditions on liberated peoples which may
invalidate the principle of self-determination.
It is obvious that the peace treaty should not
be dictated in the wake of the military, but should
be negotiated under conditions where deliberation
is possible and where each separate part is inte
grated into a total plan and pur|xse.
A LABOR leader of long standing said the other
day “Don’t make any mistake about it. Every
individual who is a member of this organization
owes nearly all he has to the organization—to the
principle of cooperation.”
To some this may seem a sweeping statement
but it has great truth in it. Nearly every one,
even those who reach high places owe much to
the union and to the union principles. The union
is an educational society. It is a prop in time of
trouble. It not only gives economic protection in
the way of income, but gives a man a chance to
develop himself as leader, as speaker, as student
and as’ good citizen. This fact should never be
lost sight u£.
In trying times like these, every union man
should weigh his own actions in terms of its ef
fects upon his organization. We all know the so
called card man who rides the organization for
what he can get out of it. We hope this breed
dwindling.—Electric Workers Journal.
rpHE JUSTICE Department asked the Supreme
1 Court to rule that the testimony of one witness
is suffickjnt to convict a defendant charged with
perjury. I-ast Monday the court rejected the de
partment's plea, reaffirming the old rule that
there must lx1 more than one witness, or if only
one, there must be corrolMnative .circumstances.
Thus, the court demonstrates once more that
it is right on fundamentals. In our eagerness to
convict a bad man, we shouldn’t make it possible
to railroad an innocent man to the penitentiary.
1 —......
1UIIATS GOING on in Washington is mighty
important these days. But a person’s got to
iy have about four or five pairs of eyes and ears to
keep track of all the things that need watching.
Rij iit at home in your own state legislature they
may be deciding great chunks of your future right
now! In the same way, city and county govern
merits make decisions that mean much in terms
of food,
Iter, education, and so on, to the people
who live uithin their limits. “Keep watching them
..ud let them know you’re watching.”
I’. A.
ONE OF THE most striking evaluations of the
struggle in American industry today, and what
ies ahead for labor, management and government,
was made recently by Dr. John R. Steelman, Di
rector, U. S. Conciliation Service, 1937-44. Speak
ng with the fire of conviction born out of prac
tical experience in industry, he said:
“Today each of us here at home must face the
lirect, soul-searching question, ‘Are we worthy of
the blood that is being spilled by our fighting men
in their great drive for liberation?’
“This question gives us pause. It should re
shape our values and redirect our lives. A quiet
determination to make certain the sacrifice is not
in vain brings all of us together as never before.
That sense of national unity, that spirit of high
courage, we must retain. To me this is the essence
of conciliation.
“Never before in history have industrial rela
tions been so important as they are now. There
are two reasons for this. First, the immediate
need for increased war production on the home
stretch to victory. Second, the long term need to
make the American conception of industrial and
national teamwork a dynamic idea, capable of
capturing the imagination of the millions. For
unless we can successfully dramatize this most
basic of all national needs, we shall be at the
mercy of alien ideologies of class warfare and na-l
tional disunity.
“My experience in the United States Concilia
tion Service for the past ten years has given me
one burning conviction—that the future of Amer
ica depends on Management, Labor, and Govern
ment finding an unbreakable teamwork in the
post-war years. We shall all be up against it—
Industry, Government, and public alike. Problems
we cannot now even imagine will confront us anc
demand the best from our thinking, our planning,
and most important, our ability to stick together
in facing the unknown.
“Since war began, my office has handled over
50,000 industrial disputes. The greatest indlstrial
revolution, the greatest time-saver and money
saver that could come to America woud be a spirit
of united dedication to the job of making team
work the normal practice of industry. Everybody
would benefit. Other nations who are looking not
only for industrial techniques but also for an in
dustrial philosophy, would bless the day that we
gave the lead in this direction.
“That is where the Moral Re-Armament indus
trial drama, ‘The Forgotten Factor,’ supplies the
answer. It shows how the stubborn factor of
human nature can be dealt with. It says a great
deal in brief space. The spirit it depicts and the
men who are working in this spirit are as truly
industrial pioneers of the future as were the tech
nical and organizational giants who built up the
present framework of American industry.”
’TIIE AMERICAN Federation of Labor has made
a very serious charge against heads of the
Army and Navy, a charge that up to this writing
they have made no real attempt to refute.
The federation says that it has “repeatedly
offered cooperation to Army and Navy chiefs to
supply manpower where needed.”
“We have asked them,” it adds “to give us
lists of the plants with manpower shortages and
the skills required. No manpower needs can be
filled without this information. But only once
have they given us lists and allowed us to co
operate. On all other occasions they have refused,
and talked only in general terms of a huge man
power need.
“After Gen. Somervell’s address to our con
vention last November, we were given a list of 83
war plants needing 45,0(10 workers. At once we
had our representatives contact the plants to sup
ply workers. All these needs have either been
filled or are being filled.”
The federation further charges that in some
cases it was found that manpower needs were
“greatly exaggerated.” It cites instances of this
exaggeration and asks, in view of these experi
ences, “are all claims of manpower shortages
It looks to any fair minded person that the
A FL charge must be proved false or the military
heads stand convicted of virtual sabotage of the
war production program.
^URGEON General Thomas Parran of the Public]
Health Service has been studying health and
hospital problems for many, many years. He is
probably as well informed as any man living.
In his annual report, Dr. Parran suggests that
Congress provide a ‘'network of hospitals” which
will make “the latest developments of medical
science available to all.”
Altogether, there would be 2,400 “health cen
ters,” placed at what may be called “strategic
points” and they would be “tied into a system of
rural, district and base hospitals.”
It’s an ambitious plan and it would cost plenty
of money—possibly as much as we spend in a
week on the global war we are now fighting—but
it would save lives, not destroy them.
KNOW it’s highway robbery,” said the man
1 behind the counter at the little cigar store.
“I am charging you from 65 to 300 per cent more
than the normal price. For example, this cigar is
10 cents, and it used to be two for a nickel. Of
course, that’s profiteering and there is no excuse
for it, but what can I do? Uncle Sam seems to be
afraid of the big tobacco companies.”
Very frank, and very truthful. Look in any
cigar case and you will find the story repeated.
The Tobacco Trust lobbyists are just too much for
In order to maintain American living stand
ards, labor insists that wage rates keep pace with
inevitable wartime increases in prices of neces
sities of life. Let no one tell you that labor seeks
to profit from the war by obtaining wage in
creases. Such adjustments in wages as labor de
mands are for the purpose of maintaining and
preserving American standards of life.—William
the potters herald
of this chair.”
“Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.”
Abraham Lincoln
No—I did not pick a text from one of Lincoln’s great speeches on free
dom for a holiday article. My text is not from the immortal Gettysburg ad
dress—nor from any state document. It is not even from his statement on
labor which you al! print so proudly.
But just the same it is one of the finest statements for Labor that can be
made—this remark of the man who suffered more from slurs and slanders
than most men ever do and wno remain unembittered to the end.
Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.
Hut the truth must be the “truth” and not just our own views colored to
suit the circumstances.
1 hold that Organized Labor has nothing to fear if it expresses in action
the truth as shown in its own vows, its own expressed ideals, if it speaks the
truth according to the whole facts—neither glossing over faults nor mini
mizing virtues.
Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.
Organized Labor has done a job on production of which it can be proud.
The record on authorized strikes is clear. The only way it can be presented
is by the truth and the official stand on each strike.
Organized Labor has done a job against discrimination and racial and
religious prejudice second to none. The truth will prove this. Let’s state
the facts.
The best defense against adverse labor legislation is a fair presentation
of all facts—following a fair study of the entire situation and a clearing up
of whatever is not in accord with the best interests of all the workers.
Truth is generally the best vindication against slander.
But no one is going to hunt up the truth for us. We have to tell own
own story! Don’t forget that.
War Workers Not Leaving Jobs
One of the favorite arguments put forward by champions of a “labor
draft” law is that it is needed to stop the “exodus” of workers from war jobs
into civilian industries.
That argument was knocked into a cocked hat by David J. Saposs, re
search director in the labor division of the War Production Board. Analyzing
figures gathered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Siaposs declared that, like
the premature story of Mark Twain’s death, the so-called exodus “has been
much exaggerated.”
“As a matter 6f fact, the quif rate among workers in war plants is lower
than in non-war plants,” he said. That rate has been declining month by
month and it’s now less than in 1943.
“Furthermore, the quit rate in war factories is no higher than it would
be in industry during a normal prosperous period. Actually—and thi$ isn’t
much publicized—the rate of discharge and lay-offs has been going up, while
voluntary quitting has been going down.” y

—“I wish they’d release a man to
[Statement given by Lewis G. Hines, National Legislative Representa
tive of the American Federation of Labor, over the Blue Network.]
If the Congress of the United States finally enacts the work or fight bill
America will have taken a long step down the path that leads to complete
totalitarianism. Already two million of the seven million members the
American Federation of Labor as well as many million more of our kinfolk,
brothers and sisters, sons and daughters are serving along a far-flung battle
line throughout the world. Certainly it goes without saying that wre are
wholeheartedly behind the aims and purposes that will make for victory at
the soonest possible moment. While agreeing with these aims and purposes,
we do not agree with a Work or Fight Bill, simply because we feel that the
methods proposed by this legislation would retard rather than aid the War
Effort. The position of the American Federation of Labor, based on over
half a century of experience, is that coercive and compulsory legislation
cannot accomplish what a voluntary effort by free labor can. Reference has
been made to England’s compulsory service act, perhaps to justify a work
or fight bill here. The American worker produces twice as much per capita
as the English worker. We also know that the man days lost through strikes
in England under a compulsory service act are 16 per cent higher than they
are in America. Absenteeism in England is recorded at 10 per cent as against
5 per cent in America. The sponsors of the work or fight Bill are made up
almost wholly of representatives of the army and navy and selective service.
While the opponents of this legislation comprise a solid front of organized
labor, employers ^nd agriculture. Everyone agrees that there is no over-all
manpower shortage in our war industries throughout the nation, but rather
that present and anticipated increased manpower needs are confined strictly
to a few industries and are local in character. We contend tHat the voluntary
system of free labor has not failed. We point with pride to the production
records of free American workers and American industry. We call attention
to the existing machinery set up to handle waixmanpower problems now
functioning in the War Manpower Commission where labor and management
committees have done such a splendid job. The answer to any problem arising
out of manpower shortages should not be coercive legislation, scrapping the
present machinery and setting up new programs to be administered by selec
tive service with punitive penalties. The functions of Selective Service should
be confined sole and strictly to supplying our military needs. The present
existing civilian machinery should be strengthened and its powers broadened
in such a way that production needs for the war effort will be assured. We
object most strenuously to the unfair high-pressure methods that have been
employed to pit the soldier against the worker on the home front. Both are
partners in the march to Victory. We believe that the soldiers on the battle
field has confidence in his brothers and sisters on the production line at home,
and he knows that they have not and will not let him down. Anything that
tends to destroy the confidence between the soldier and the home front
worker, such as trying to mal'e it appear that work or fight legislation is
needed because we have failed or are about to fail on the home front, serious
ly injures the morale of all our people. Despite all the speeches and propa
ganda to the contrary, the workers of America are carrying their full share
of the burdens and cost of this war. We are not only seeing our members
and loved ones go off to fight and die for victory, but those of us who are
destined to remain on the home front have been and will continue to produce
for victory. We will do this in the traditional American way of free men.
We will continue to demonstrate that American free labor can out-produce
any nation anywhere. We are fighting this war to preserve American ideals
of Freedom and to spread democracy throughout the world. What a pity it
would be if we were compelled to surrender these ideals and democracy
here at home.
hoist me out
i-'Miiftitoiiii'n mi
I 'l
Discussing “Will compulsion injure
the war effort?” the American Fed
eration of Labor, in its “Labor’s
monthly Survey” briefly compares
strike and other war production
records of free labor in the United
States and under a compulsory sys-
tern in Great Britain.
The comparisons and conclusions
drawn from facts cited sfre especially
pertinent just now, when world at
tention is focussed on the fight over
a labor draft in the United States.
“Our miracle of war production,”
the AFL says, “has been due in no
small part to the whole-hearted effort
of free American labor. Donald Nel
son, former WPB chief, said, ‘We call
our secret weapon the initiative, the
intelligence and “know-how” of the
free American worker.’ Joseph
Keenan, WPB, vice-chairman, said of
airplane workers’ increased produc
tion: ‘Their sense of participation and
feeling of fair play have been so
heightened that they broke all rec
ords.’ Rear Admiral Frederick G.
Crisp said in January, 1945 that pro
duction achievement to date has been
‘nothing short of miraculous.’ WPB
vice- chairmen C. S. Golden and J. D.
Keenan said in January 1945: ‘Free
labor in the United States has been
able to meet every demand upon it.
Despite all the difficulties and handi
caps American workers have made
the grade in every instance.’
Then the AFL goes on to comment
and tell of British experience, saying:
“Free American workers have
given their best because they wanted
to keep their freedom. They knew it
was up to them, and they shouldered
the responsibility for getting out pro
duction. If now their freedom is
taken from them by placing a club
of compulsory power in the hands of
Selective Service, this will be a daily
demonstration that they have lost the
thing they are working for. What will
be the effect?
“Perhaps we can judge from the
experience of Britain where compul
sory labor has been in effect through
out the war. In Britain absentee rate?
have averaged 10 per cent in 1943
and 1944 in America 6 to 7 per cent.
“An impartial poll of British public
opinion on compulsory labor stated:
‘All managements complained of in
discipline of the new labor which was
unwilling because if was drafted
a minority of conscripts was satis
factory.’ Are we now to kill the vali
ant spirit of voluntary cooperation by
a system of compulsion in this coun
The AFL says in conclusion:
“The worker’s freedom to take or
leave a job, as administered under
our present system acts as an auto
matic control to improve efficiency.
American workers produce best when
they come to the job of their own free
will. Freedom to leave a job where
their skills are not fully used is a
safeguard against hoarding and waste
of labor. Also, a free labor System
forces plants to correct bad labor con
ditions which cause inefficiency. All
these incentives to efficiency are lost
under a compulsory system.
“Under labor’s no-strike pledge, the
strike record has been exceptionally
low. In 1944 only one-tenth of 1 per
cent of work time was lost by strikes
man-days worked averaged 700,000,
000 a month, man-days lost by strikes
only 700,000. In Britain last year un
der compulsory labor, strikes caused
more losses of production than at any
time in the last 12 years. Strike loss
in Britain in 1944 was l(i per cent
above that of U. S. A.”
Tiny pinholes, invisible to the un
aided eye, mean defective tin plate
and possible spoilage of food. A
Westinghouse Electric & Manufac
turing to. photoelectric device has
been developed to detect these de
fects while the tin plate rolls 0ast
at 1,000 feet a minute. Flawed sec
tions of the metal are automatically
marked to be cut and removed.
Harrisburg, Pa. (ILNS).—A snow
storm or blizzard is an excellent
weather condition in which the motor
ist who doesn’t have to drive should
stay off the roads, T. Elmer Transeau,
Director of Highway Safety warned
“Blizzard accidents and blizzard
traffic tieup are bad enough at any
time but worse than ever now/’
Transeau declared. “With automobile
stocks dwindling toward the absolute
minimum to provide vital civilian
transportation, it is nothing short of
sabotage, to damage your own car or
anyone else’s in an unnecessary acci
“Put anti-skid chains on your rear
wheels, and see that your windshield
wiper-defroster are in perfect condi
tion. If they aren’t don’t drive!”
He warned against the complacency
some motorists feel over keeping
their speed at the wartime limit of
35 miles an hour, a complacency
which, according to the National
Safety Council, bears part qf the
blame for the rise of 53 per cent in
the mileage death rate last winter in
the 36 snowbeit states.
A man is in the most imminent
danger of being wrong when he is
most positive of being right.
Thursday, February 15, 1945
Where With Our Little Hatchet
We Tell the Truth About
Many Things, Sometimes Pro
foundly, Sometimes Flippantly
and Sometimes Recklessly,
Whoever expects democracy and
order, with everything sweetness and
light, when the war ends, is dream
ing a very fancy dream.
The brutalities of this war have
left a mark too deep to be washed out
in one generation, let alone vanishing
The war between our states, as the
south likes to call it, was a fairly well
conducted conflict, as wars go. But
the bitterness has not all vanished
But in this war murder has been a
mass production business with the
Germans. There have been great mur
der factories, where slaughter was
purposeful, systematic, thorough.
The Japs have been as brutal and
ruthless as have the Germans.
Barbarism has been more than a
word. It leaped from the dictionary
into hateful vengeful action.
The results, in bitter, hating, sear
ing memories, do not make for love
and tolerance and freedom as we
know it.
There is something about dictator
ship that robs human beings of the
sensibilities of decency.
And, if we do not kid ourselves, our
great co-battler, Russia, is not with
out the traits that accompany dicta
torship. Russia has left deep scars
upon Poland, to name but one coun
try. They are not going to vanish
when the guns cease firing.
This generation, because of the
greeds of the dictators, has built up
anough venomous hate to last through
the life-time of the youngest among
our populations of today, which is to
say, nearly a century.
But entirely aside from the hates,
democracy and freedom have a long
road to travel.
What about democracy in the vast
areas of Africa, in Iran and Iraq, in
Thailand, in Burma—and what about
it in India?
We may look for something ap
proximating democracy* in France and
perhaps in Italy, although if either of
these nations should go Communist,
as CAN happen, what then becomes
of democracy?
For Communism, as we know it in
the world today, is NOT democracy.
However much we may praise Rus
a fighting nation and the
highest praise is not too much we
need have no foolish illusions about
her political philosophy. And all Com
munism today will be like that. It
cannot be otherwise.
Then, to add to the grief of the
w’orld, we have large segments of
Latin America.
Who talks of democracy in the
Argentine? Or, for that matter, who
talks of it in Brazil.
Mexico walks toward democracy.
Cuba had one really free election.
Uruguay has a free ballot. But in
how many other nations of this hemis
phere aside from Canada and the
United States, do you find it?
Even in our own United States
there is plenty of ruthlessness left.
The strides have been tremendous,
but only a blind person would say
that the priceless heritage of democ
racy is available to all, or is possess
ed by all.
What about our Negro population?
And what about our Latin American
workers, to hold the problem to a
There are still plenty of people
standing on other people’s necks.
“Law and order” are still not for
all. For there is “order” and
“power.” For others there is only “the
We have moved forward, in the last
decade, amazingly. But let us know
and be bitterly conscious of the fact
that too much injustice remains—and
that the world is not going to blossom
like the rose, into full grown democ
racy and freedom and blind-^yed
justice for all.
We this battered world must
battle and struggle and THINK our
way through many a passionate con
flict and many a blind-mindedness be-
fore the sun shines for all.—CMW.
Let us raise a standard to which
the wise and honest can repair the
rest is in the hands of God.—George
Birmingham, Ala. (ILNS).—Eighty
per cent of this countny’s women war
workers will want to remain gainfully
employed after the war, according to
Miss Frieda Miller, director of the
Women’s Bureau, U. S. Department
of Labor.
Women have taken laboratory posi
tions and are in other highly skilled
operations, and they will not want to
relinquish the big salaried jobs after
the war, she told reporters in an in
Improved housekeeping facilities,
she added, will leave women more
time for useful employment.
She came to Birmingham to survey
the role of women in war production
in this region.

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