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■i 1 OFTICIAL ORGAN NATIONAL MOTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS VOL XLVIII, NO. 46 Cleon Aprons The Vogue At Clarksburg vi ■*,: o yHealth Committee} Doing Fine Job y Clarksburg, W. Va.—Local Union No. 99 met in regular session with President Sontag presiding. Brother Mazzie, chairman of the shop committee, reported the jigger ing dispute as being settled with all parties in accord with the decision. In continuation of their efforts to improve health conditions on the shop, the health committee displayed several samples of aprons which could be furnished employees at a small cost. Following discussions on the various samples, it was decided to adopt two of these as a standard. A rubberized apron which the firm will furnish at cost, and a cloth apron supplied by a local laundry at 9 cents per week. We hope it will not be necessary to have the health committee police the shop to remind some members that a week is only seven days, and the end of. the seventh day means a new apron. The cost is reasonable and there is no necessity for anyone wear ing their apron beyond the specified time as adopted by the rules of the committee. We are glad to report the health committee in conjunction with the foremen of the various departments^ have eliminated several dust condi tions existing in the plant. All em ployees have been warned by their supervisors that any ware dropped on the floor must be picked up immedi ately. Failure to heed this warning will result in a fine. The Red Cross drive is on and I am sure our members are contribut ing freely to the great cause. Be tween the war and the flood waters of the Ohio, the Red Cross is doing a grand job and worthy of our support. The primary vote for National of ficers was not as large as expected with many deciding to wait until the general election in May to make their choice. It is your duty« Ba wall as a privilege, to have a voice in ■efre—these iwe aKsh*e*yifaiHterT organization. 7^ We hope Brother Crispino doesn’t get high hat after being a guest of Congressman Cleve Bailey at a ban quet at the Waldo Hotel. The Local’s congratulations to Sis ter Annie Siebert for the grand joh she is doing in waiting on new mem bers in the clayshop. Art Monroe of Uncle Sam’s Navy was a visitor at the meeting. We hope the war will soon be over and (Tun i» Put Fnm WMC Orders Discharge Of 367 Workers Not Hired Through Proper Channels •4 *. War New York City (ILNS).—The Manpower Commission has ordered the discharge of 867 skilled workers at Mercantile Ship Repairing Co. yards in Brooklyn for alleged infrac tion of WMC hiring rules. The workmen, according to W. C. Cameron Edey, metropolitan director of the U. S. Employment Service, had not been hired through WMC channels. He added that they will now be placed in jobs with higher priorities. “These men were not playing tne game,” Edey said in explaining the purposes of Inter-Regional Order No. 1 for violation of which the men were ordered removed from their jobs. The order requires that shipyard and pro duction workers be hired through the WMC, “The purpose of the order,” he ex (Tun Page Two) Georgia Victory Spurs Campaign For Passing Anti-Poll Tax Law .' Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—“Geor gia’s repeal of the poll tax proves that the poll tax ik a national issue,” Mrs. Katherine Shryver, executive secretary of the National Committee to Abolish the Poll Tax, said here. “It was bigtime news all over the country. Queries about it even came in from some of our fighting men in Italy. And Georgia wouldn’t have re pealed her own poll tax if we hadn’t been fighting here in Washington for federal repeal.” Coalition Backing for Bill News of Georgia’s repeal came just as the national campaign to pass H. R. 7, the anti-poll tax bill, gets under way. It has, Mrs. Shryver said, strengthened the work of the national committee. “In the first place,” she said, “it underlines what we’ve always said: that we’re not trying to do something vZ**., V Rt A -w The parents of Brother Robert Turner have received word from the War Department of the death of their son, Robert Turner, Jr., in the Pa cific area from wounds received on February 25th. The sympathy of our entire membership is extended to the bereaved parents. Considering the weather, the recent primary election here brought out a fair crowd to register their choice for National officials. We are looking forward to having a record turnout in May when the general election will be held. Suspensions are coming fast lately, Sister Betty McCall having been sus (Tun r» Pane Sixt N. Y. POST-WAR RESERVES New York City (ILNS).—The post war reserves of 448 New York mu nicipalities total $12,876,840. Re serves have been established by 155 villages, 245 towns, 24 cities and 28 counties—totaling 28 per cent of all the local governments in the state, the Municipal Finance Officers’ As sociation says. The state of New York itself has set aside $310,000, 000 in post-war reserve funds. the South itself doesn’t want. Rather, the fight to repeal the poll tax grew out of the South and is still being carried on there. In the second place, it proved we’re getting somewhere. We’ve convinced even the southern politicians that repeal is on the way for sure.” H. R. 7 was introduced at the open ing of the 79th Congress by Vito Marcantonio (ALP, N. Y.) It has the backing of a bipartisan coalition with George H. Bender (R. Ohio) as chair man. Initial members were, besides Bender and Marcantonio: Charles Clason (R. Mass.), Mrs. Helen Ga hggan Douglas (D. Cal.), Everett Dirksen (R. Ohio), William Dawson (L. Ill.). “Next step,” Mrs. Shryver said, “is getting diciary *'i» CURFS’S ORDER tmorERs 4 i S'l Old Mon River Leaves Banks At Cambridge Creates Hardship Cambridge, Ohio.—The recent high waters caused no little inconvenience to employees of both plants of the Universal Potteries. Because of the fact that a number of employees live in nearby towns and villages and most of the regular routes were closed due to the water' being out of bounds, several were unable to reach their work while others had to travel extra miles to get there. All of which brings us to the realization that more flood control is needed as well (as the relocation of several of our main highways. H. R. 7 out of the House Ju Committee where it’s now (Turn P«pr Six) 1 (lllfc vJJjflfticrai V C^ Vs** ," •%'*,. X'f’* .■ i |fet \s« t, -'X' 4 UNFORTUNATELY! tit, Aluminum Therapy In The United States V By J. W. G. HANNON 'JUt TheHrfnth of a aarles of articles dealing with the efficiency of me tallic aluminum as a preventive for silicosis in humans, Further Studies Following the treatments in our of fice of the first group of workmen, we installed treatment units in three in dustrial plants. It was our aim to treat prophylactical ly and therapeu tically all workmen who were ex posed to silica dust. The men we treated wen* not hand-picked and might be suffering from other dis orders such as heart trouble, diabetes, high blood pressure, and syphilis. However, only a very small percent age of them wen* suffering from such diseases. Following the taking of an x-ray picture of his chest, each man was given a complete physical ex amination and, where indicated, lab oratory studies- were made for the presence of co-existing tuberculous (Tun to Pnur Twoi Toft Assails Using-Boys 18 In Battle Charges Policy Set And Then Changed Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Sen ator Robert F. Taft of Ohio has de manded that the War Department clarify its policy on using 18-year old draftees with less than a year’s training in overseas combat. Condemning use of youngsters after inadequate training, Senator Taft said he would cite in the Senate the case of Pfc. Robert R. Pogue of Cincinnati, 18, reported killed in action in France Feb. 3, a little more than seven months after induction, Pogue received 17 weeks of training before he was shipped overseas as a replacement early in January, Taft added. “I don’t think it’s fair to put these young boys into the front line with only basic training or a little more,” the Senator declared. “I know that war makes sudden demands, but it seems to me that some of the divi sions in this country could be combed for men who are a little older and have had more training to make up these replacements.” Taft said his own son had received 14 months of training before being sent overseas, adding that the final few months had taught him most of the “know how” to minimize the dan gers of battle. Senators Ferguson, of Michigan, and McCatran, of Nevada, also said they had received protests from par ents of green troops being pressed into combat service. Last June 7 the War Department (Tun to Page Two) EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1945 *4 V* n- THAT DON'T MEAN US( Production Curtailed At Wellsville Sterling Shops Hit Production at the Wellsville China and Sterling shops was somewhat slowed up during the past few weeks as a result of the high water which found Wellsville fenced in from all sides. As the water continued to rise it was necessary to erect the flood gates and many of the employees whose homes are in East Liverpool were unable to reach the shops. The primary election for National Officers was held at our meeting last Wednesday and we noticed a couple of the boys pulling for their favorites. Drastic measures are being taken for all back-sliding members of other locals and ours is to be no exception. Strong words have been spoken in the past, but from here on, stern action will be taken. The old saying, “If we don’t hang together, we will all hang separately,” is all too true. The long awaited visit of President Duffy was again postponed, due to the flood. With the highways now in good shape and the distance from Headquarters only a few miles, we hope he can be with us at our next meeting. Local 24 would also wel come a visit from other members of the Executive Board. Our deepest sympathy is extended to Sister Carmel Robinson in the loss of her son, whose death occurred last Saturday in the East Liverpool City Hospital. Solicitation for the Red Cross drive is now under way and from all reports labor will give its fair share to this worthy cause.—O. C. 24. Big Jump In Tire Output Labor And Industry ‘Superhuman Effort’ Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Labor and industry have met the challenge to greatly increase production of heavy duty truck tires for war use. Hiland G. Batcheller, chief of op erations of the War Production Board, has announced an increase of 46 per cent in heavy duty truck tires, from 1,217,000 made in October, 1944, to 1,770,000 produced in February. Batcheller praised workers and management of the tire industry for their “superhuman effort” to supply rising military demands. Production in November was 1,263,000, and in December, 1,423,000. The WPB official described the three-month production gain as a “truly remarkable accomplishment," pointing out that it was achieved de spite a severe winter, freight em bargoes and power difficulties. February’s output, of jeep and (Tun to Pogo Two) jL ®. V.. '.L Pay Day Just Reminder At Falls Creek Find It Difficult To Work Full Time Falls Creek, Pa.—The jiggermen at the Jackson China Company are finding it very difficult to be able to work a full pay lately. First, they were confronted with the shortage of help and this situation was no sooner mastered, then along comes the gas man with his key and shuts off the gas to save the precious fuel for home use. Latest reports find them ioafing, due to no space in the green room. We are looking forward to the day when the regular schedule will be in effect and the pay envelope will mean a little more than jugt a reminder of days gone by. Sister VIrge fihofistal wW has been quite ill recently is reported on the mend and will be back with us soon. Members of the ‘fair sex’ at the Jackson China are keeping their girlish figures by bowling ten pins. They have reached the point where a challenge is in order and any car ing to meet the keglers from Ford City can contact Julia Miller or Olga Marks at the Jackson China Co. The sympathy of the Local is ex tended John Jones, Jr., whose father passed away recently. Several disputes are hanging fire, pending arrival of some of our Na tional officials from Headquarters. We are looking forward to their visit and hope it will be in the near future. Solicitation for the Red Cross drive is now under way and we know we can count on the members of Local Union 104 doing their part.—O. 104. r& *ifi4 Low-Paid Workers Given Increase Of Five Cents An Hour By NWLB Washington, D. C.—Workers on the bottom of the pay ladder, who heve suffered most from the skyrocketing cost of living, will find it slightly easier to make ends meet as a result of a National War Labor Board ruling which permits a boost in minimum wages to 55 cents an hour. Labor members of the board went along with the decision as the best obtainable now, though they have been fighting for a “floor” of 72 cents. Anything below that during the war is a starvation wage, they contended. Heretofore, 5C cents an hour has been the board’s “sub-standard” yardstick. WLfi officials estimated that the addition of 5 cents to the base may benefit as many as 4,000,000 workers. Regional boards are authorized to approve applications by em ployers, or by employers and unions jointly, to apply the 55-cent mini mum, but where ceiling prices might be affected by the wage increase, then the raise can’t go into effect until sanctioned by Economic Stabili zation Director Fred M. Vinson. c. Jiggermen Drop Penalty Assessment Large Attendance At Last Meeting hall Practically every chair in the was occupied as President James Kelly* called the meeting of Local Union No. 12 to order Tuesday eve ning. First and foremost on the night’s agenda was the third and final read ing of a resolution to abolish the 50 cent fine for non-attendance. This passed with a large majority and will take effect with our first meeting in April.'. When it was revealed that the ma jority were in favor of abolishing the fine, several suggestions were made to improve the attendance. One would be no member would be al lowed to send his dues with another member, but must attend Local and pay his own dues. Another called for all talks on the floor to be limited to ten minutes, while a third, would limit the meetings to one hour. The Health Committee from Plant No. 5 of the Homer Laughlin China Co. reported that a meeting with Arthur Wells will be held in the near future. We would also like to hear from other shops as to what progress is being made along these lines. Luther Hall, chairman of the Reso lution Committee reported his com mittee is ready to receive any reso lutions the brothers has to With convention time drawing near now is the time to start the ball roll ing. offer. A letter from Guy Digman who is spending a few months in Florida revealed everything on the coast is (Tun Pugt Fivt) ■».. .S LtsLii. •, ... .' BOOST ALL WAGE RATES 11% AFL ASKS IN REPORT TO FDR James Slaven Presides At 124 Meeting Local Donates $50.00 In Red Cross Drive Third Vice President James Slaven, the sage of Cannons Mills, wielded the gavel at the meeting of Local Union 124 Tuesday evening. “Jim” took over in the absence of President Clair Armstrong who, (believe it or not) missed the bus. After the meet ing was in progress a short time, in walks Clair, and despite efforts from the chair for him to “take over” pre ferred to* remain in the background. Chairman Slaven reminded the chairmen of the various shop com mittees that the next meeting of the Decorators’ Standing Committee will be held on March 21. With several important articles up for canKJdera tion, it is vitally important that all data be compiled and placed before the committee on this night. Henry Cresswell, custodian Local’s supplies, was on the usual and called attention charter from the West Virginia State Federation of Labor which now hangs in our hall. Incidentally, in listing the names of the committee members for our last social, Henry’s was omitted. We offer our apology. Continuing our pledge as union members to support every worth while endeavor, Local 124 donated $50.00 to the Red Cross drive. Several names were read of mem bers who were suspended for non payment of dues, and others will be treated accordingly at our next meeting unless they pay up. With everyone working full time there is no excuse for being behind in your dues. Better check your book before next Tuesday. to hear our members are receiving letters the home front. This We are glad in the service from those on was brought to light when a certain member’s name was read off as being delinquent. “He’s in the service!” came a voice from the rear of the hall. Further questioning revealed that a certain duster is receiving three tetters a day.—O. C. 124. CAN MAKERS NEED WORKERS Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Cur rent demand for cans for packing military items probably will increase over-all second-quarter can require ments 20 to 25 per cent above those of 1944, WPB officials told members of the Can Manufacturers Industry Advisory Committee at a recent meeting here. Industry members said that the principal problems in meet ing these requirements was man power. MEMBER NEWS SERVICE of the job as to the 5 ■, $2.00 -PER YEAR Adequate Pay Now Necessary Washington, D. C. (ILNS).— ‘Why are the workers of the nation made to bear the brunt of supporting the entire anti inflation program?” the Ameri can Federation of Labor mem bers of the War Labor Board asked, in challenging the find ings of the public members of' the board. The AFL members—George Meany, Matthew Woll, Robert J. Watt and James A. Brownlow—cited the public members’ report to support their own argument. “Wage rates have increased by 10 per cent,” they declared, referring to this figure from the report. “The cost of living has advanced, based upon official figures, by 30 per cent. 11 Per Cent increase Urged “To correct the maladjustment be tween wages and the cost of living, when measured by the same standard that was used when the Little Steel formula was adopted, an adjustment of approximately 11 per cent is justi fiable.” The labor group charged that the President’s 7-point program for sta bilization, proposed, in April, 1942, “has not been successfully adminis tered” because it allowed prices to jump while wage rates remained vir tually frozen. Pleading the urgent need of estab lishing wage increases for the post war period which would compensate workers for the loss of overtime pay when war production ceases, the AFL members urged the President to re turn collective bargaining 60 days after victory in Europe and provide that minimum pay be raised for workers in those industries in which caUective bargaining is not restored. National Well-Being at Stake “We are net eniy sorely wearied•. and harassed by the expedients and formulas which have been substituted for the basic principle which guides collective bargaining,” the labor men said, “but we are appalled by the consequences of a policy to cripple us in solving the reconversion and post war problems. Wages are more than compensation for service rendered. “They determine the kind of homes workers have, the way their lives will be conditioned, the opportunities their children will have, the provi sions they can make against emer (Tun Put Five) Betz Remains As Secretary Of U. S. P. A Granted Substantial Increase In Salary Iwo Invasion Emphasizes Urgent Need Of Keeping Up High War Production Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—The tremendous stream of metal thrown by American forces on Iwo Jima, key stronghold at the very doorstep of Japan, is described by Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal as sharp ening again “the necessity for the continued output of munitions in our plants at home.” Secretary Forrestal forecast that it will take the output of many factories and hard work by all hands for months to come if this country is to keep the edge of power which thus far it has been able to attain in at tack after attack in the Pacific. At the same time Forrestal praised the work of Seabees on Guam where, he said, they have built 150 miles of roads, established air fields, and con structed hospitals. Referring to the Iwo Jima opera- Officials of the United States Pot ters Association announced this week Wilbert A. Betz, secretary-treasurer of the organization for the past three years has withdrawn his resignation and will remain with the organiza tion in his present capacity. Mr. Betz, who assumed the secre tarial duties of the U. S. P. A., in January, 1942, succeeding the late Charles F. Goodwin, had tendered his resignation, effective March 15, to join the United Potteries Company in Canton, a jobbing concern, in an executive capacity. Withdrawal of his resignation came as a result of a conference of Mr. Betz with the association’s ex ecutive committee at which time he was offered a substantial increase in salary. tion, he said: “Only because of that (American) rain of metal could the island be re duced at all. Because of it, our ratio of losses is far less than it otherwise would have been. “As Fleet Admiral Nimitz has said, it was our policy in the past to have an unstoppable margin of power in these attacks—a steam roller as he puts it. That steam roller saves us many lives. It will take the output, however, of many factories and hard work by all hands in those factories for months to come if we are to keep that edge of power. “America is on the march in the Pacific—a march back to civilization, order and decency. You can see it in islands like Guam and Saipan you can see it in the glad and serene faces of the natives who again are clean and well fed." :5?