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kUJv General onee, iLa official journ the national brotherhood of operative potters east August 20.1918. and____________ Liverpool trades a n. b. of o. New jersey. ,, pool. Ohio. Maiiutacturers Operatives, labor council Pubiiahed every Thursday at E«t Liverpool. Ohio, by th. Entered at Postoffice, East Uverpooi. Ohio. April 20, 1902, as seeond-k p. harry l. gill. SC- president—James Building, w. sth st., m. Duffy, p. o. a,.™.. ShrtuvOTPooiPohkrnt—Geonr* Turner’ 218 w- Fourth street, Eaatpy^ Seventh Vice’ President—Charlee Jordan, 176 East Virginia Avenue,[ Brtth’v'ft ciurf.iek. amt SMt, N«.u, w»t|die n. Mecnii.™,. P. o. b» general ware standing committee m. j. lynch, john Manufacturers..--.--e-k. w. McGillivray, a. betz, lation must make application to ODT and show tinn zaT ed the use of fue nliratiX%mV ventions has announced the names of more than| nc. 90(1 niurnnival ion whose 7 ?**fanlzaLlol?!? unyst requcsLS^ioi iR.iniib8ionr^lve mission has been granted to only two organiza-1 4,T tions throughout the entire nation, to hold con-L. vunfinnu unri nnn nf fhono hud tn dn with the Rod! 18 not an act ventions, and one ot these had to do witn Cross whose convention has for its purpose .the TAKING IT ON THE CHIN -rj* n. b. P., owning and operating th. Best Trades Newspaper and Jobl class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Kates of Postagel provided for in Section 1108, Aet of October 18, 1917, authorised|Services of o.| lchieYe^ bell phone One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada---...-.-----2.00| [*LTJ33-i s7sl Editor and Business Manager!«vithout Box «, East Liverpool. Ohio. nntBZiir£n^S‘tTrenton'8.hNe^rjS^” 216, Broad street NatIonaJ^ere Second" Vice Preident—Frank Hull, dill’ Pacific Blvd., Huntington ftirtsi*..,, Min.. Eut u.w»i.p'ont more shells were fired by artillery in one I f»?“vi~ xo« ohi. j. louis Operatives BERT CLARK, H. R. HAISLOP, CHARLES JORDAN I DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers, ROBERT DIETZ, Sr.. MARGARET PARKER, RAY BROOKES. W. A. BETZ Operatives, JAMES SLAVEN, HUGO MILLER, ROLAND HORTON T^n.nnrt-ition relaxes its hole is contained in the regulation ana unions a not expected to take advantage Oi t. halt piESLocK, china ware standing committee Koos, f. haynesIjytarv walker, h. m. w. a. bctz[ specifically how the war effort would be retarded I “SIMPLE INTELLECTUAL HONESTY” 1“^ or handicapped if the convention weie not neid. I'pHE American Federation of Labor Internation' doubtedly be the rule^* ,,oi±’g °Ut td-!!ng ‘hi It must be understood, declared an oin spoKes-1 ibout Russian affairs is not hostility to Russia. man, “that this ruling was put into effect not only Pbe Communists and their sympathizers in the Aizil 1 ht) fucf fkinf nrn nvpr-1 i u. because transportation facilities, trains and buses |(jnited States and organs of the Soviet dictator-[Regardless are terrifically overburdened there is also involv-l(hi|) in Kussia such as Pravda wouId have it thatK.^ .2 crowded, and the waste of crucial manpower. Iion to the United Nations. from the ban. Members are UUl rmecwr jonn-|^j^ee plications Horn groups tnat asK n 1 exempuon i^atter^of the Russian trade unions. Says the com-lions son* Assistant Secretary of Wai’ I at terson, under [.rf the so-called World Trade Union Conference Secretary of the Navy Bard, WPB Chairman |recent)y held in London i sth e lack of unit vi n itslpro.p®*®*1- Krug, and War Manpower Commission ChairmanDWaon ine Wck Ol.upiiy.in. ns. |udlng tlu. hA(l|- formulating of plans to raise 200 million dollars I “1,7 to jnerge tnt English language formulating of plans to raise for Red Cross war relief. |nor useful to those who speak either language. As our members know, the 52nd annual con-| ,r. *. vention of the National Brotherhood of Operative Illat is refreshing shaking and its truth in Potters is scheduled to lie held in July, 1915. OurHt.'?v«rt''»le „l''t watch for the outburst from convention naturally will lie subject to Govern-||!’e K’’e “"i*, “broad. With r“''da in vonnintinna foref1’ont, they will make the well known rp. .. i u r‘ |welkin ring with denunciations of the AFL a! National Office has no definite informa-L^^ uu ^jngg Russian, tion at the present time as to whether a conven-| tion can lie held, however, the National Officers, are in contact with the ODT seeking information! MEAN WHAT IT SAYS relative to the holding of our annual convention. I A THIS writing no one knows what kind AT |a» TVTIEN THE ORA refuses to raise prices, far mers, processors and manufacturers simplyindust^ liie'senate' h’as hold supplies oil the market. It has hapjjened a|passed the O’Mahonev-Kilgore bill, with penalties thousand times in the last year. 1 here have been|on employers not obeying orders of the War Man shortages aplenty simply because those who con-|powel. Commission for transfer of workers. trol the guilds the public needs, refuse to sell wiU) lh(, bj|)s jn confert,nce dl.iv(, js on l)y||:ountry (administration forces to secure a conference re-|p°ssibIe,. ,)ut When big industrialists want more money,LM)rt approving the May-Bailey bill, perhaps with even for badly needeci war materials, they gt‘t[sornc modifications but retaining the compulsory the money or they go on strike. |abor features. If the fight drags on, the Senate You do not read that sort of news th (‘[might dragexmed into approving such a confer papers. The only kind of strikes you read about|cnce report. if it does, organized workers can well are those affecting the working people. Even then take the lead, as the outstanding champion of free you do not get all the facts you get only haltljabor, in moving for a prompt test of the law in the story. [the courts, with the final decision up to the Su- Last week the public members of the Na-|preme Court. tional War Lalwir board piled fiction U|on fiction,I Compulsory labor provisions seem in plain dis and phoney statistics u|xn more phoney statistics,[agreernenf with the 13th Amendment prohibiting excl?se a refusal to crack the vicious I^ttle|jnvoiuntary servitude. The nation might just as Steel Formula, in effect, these board members,[W(l]| know whether the amendment means what it who are supposed to represent the people rather It 8eems perfectlv plain to the ordinary citi than any one single group said that wages areL u- In Luvst 11( wili wJi higher than hying cofits-and there isn a reliable hap en to Uw most lainl worded constitutional figure available anywhere to sup|xrt such a state-[guarantee I ment. They said the workers are not justified inr I asking for wage increases. I^abor knows that it is getting the worst of| “PEASANTS” IN THE U. S I it. Make no mistake about that. The workersUNI.: 0F TllE big Eastern newspapers recently know that industry and busmess are profiting a dispatch from liberated Fiance that more out of this war than ever before their caused ua to pondel, lL t()|d ()f a nttle French gil.Jor history. They know that a decent, )ustifiable|wbOi as Rpokesman, recited these words of grati-| raise in wages need not raise puces a thin dime,Lude for a shipment of clothing from America: I for prices are far too high right now. .... ,. .. The representatives of Labor, however, have!.. ,, 10 0 ^ank the peasants of] given the President their pledge not to strike,rlc ^°ri1 *’ew70 SCUt'(1 UP these clothes for us. and they are going to keep it. A few will fall by| “Peasants,” indeed! Surely the children of a, the wayside, a few’ will deny their pledge, but tlie|vevlvjnk- France should be told and taught, com-, 99.9 percent will not be sw’ayed from their duty.|,'nenc*P^ Jus^ ,low» that the GPs who fought, |md died for their liberation did so because they, [were the sons of free men—that the farmers ofl The man who complains that every time hel'h® “Dorn Belt,” up to this writing, at least, never] puts on a clean shirt there’s a button missing]-ven heard such a word as “jieasant.” 1 should either get married—or get a divorce.] What’s more, they are determined never —-Reiiorter. pear it either—or anything that it implies! I SOAK LABOR I THE FACT that once again the military has I brought forward some kind of arrangement fori I ^ie re&irnentation of labor three years after the] var began, justifiably raises suspicion. It is ap-| parent that the great job of production has been] that we are already in the transition 361’lOd from War to peace and that men are being! laid off rapidly from key jobs that 100,000 men! month are being demobilized from the armed! n ahi *i*a Lesembling a national service act. a and still the military Wants Something] As usual they have carried on their campaignl reference to facts or legitimate argu-| nents. They have given patriotic Utterances about, |fire need, and they have tried to over-awe the| [Congress with personalities who claim the afore-1 paid step is absolutely necessary. I At no time has there been any evidence that I has been a shortage of war materials on| [any front. As a matter of fact On the German] T™»ion s. P^-hour period than at any time in the history HP'£ j) IN 1945 1^ I94o, there will be about 350,000 men. iQEVERAL hundred union conventions scheduled,! These figures do not paint a picture that en-l ncludihg those of the AFL and CIO, will un-Durages the regimentation of workers at this doubtedly be cancelled this year unless the Officii1™/- Accortmg to dispatches from the meeting of Defense Transportation relaxes its .recent rui the imminent closing of the war agajnst Ger I )f warfare. If there were dislocation of materials,! ft was not due to shortage at the source of supply) failure of logistics due to unexpected ad-1 justments which had to be made. At all times[ War Department has been in complete con-| bM Uw /F01 of,the n}»"ufa:ture distribution of muni- [cions for artillery and other arms. If there has| |',e^ a«Y shortage, it has been entirely due to ack of planning and foresight on the part of the| rppie implication that labor has contri-| luted to this dislocation is one of those vicious] nsinuations that do harm to a loyal and patriotic] WOrkmCT) No LABOR UNION CONVENTIONS I cutbacks and run-outs during the first half..---- recent rul llf the Bl« Three, it is apparent that they fore-1 The ODT ban prohibits travel to any conven-fhat the proposal for regimentation of labor isE"J|°nnotr tion of mcce than “J®, u^fons^ri rotll,'?g ^,ore tt'an tlle fulfi|lment of the dastard-Lrms, y o|fj it. An organiza- I'aDor again.” tion wishing to hold a convention despite the regu-l _______________ philosophy of “soak labor, and then soak Voluntary compliance with the ban will un-H al Labor Relations Committee does some frank ATerilanJ Jj'ederation (’f Labor-onspicuously jn poniposilion. Hay- I “The labor organizations of the Soviet Union,Imod'fied At the present time the War Committee on ^n-[for example, can hardly be described as perform-[Uni0" to hold a Convention ol more Ilian pel sons nave I initiative, private ownership and freedom been refused. In addition they set forth that pci-[)f speech press worship and association I xi I ’I From November, 1943, to November, 1944, Ivar plants reduced employment by 1,300,000. ln| [scheduled releases of workers from war plants! v tv 9 a* -a I my breath of criticism of Russian actions is lasts this view in thel asserting that the most striking defect sarnp function Inhnr unions in romoson reouests for Dermission I L- ne,same 1 unction as labor unions repicsen-l^rations democracies practicing the system of ri V hostility to our Russian allies. simple matter of intellectual honestv It is likeFine War and the Russian. I he mixture would be neither intelligible |in THE POTTERS HERALD FULL EMPLOYMENT.—“It’s, r. micrht wp Ithe first world wart With r"’ 41-------”'u"------:a1— ’--------------------.” [this thesis. a writing no one knows what kind of a |rtinan|»ower bill will lie jiassed by Congress. The [house has approved the May-Bailey “limited na [tional service bill” with compulsory work provi '■|sions which are stoutly opjxised by organized la- I.ill ...ill I... 1 1... rx form by thc|rubIe8 advocate| a as ... sisting on the uniop label on everything you buy. But, after all, you are do |zen, but in these days there is no telling what willing to What kind of a :^1 rv• ’.w_. *W.’ ave °8° wor w w° k™" up.” hnvp tn trn like this—if Wallace makes jobs for eWy- tn work whan u,a n-»nu, nn NEWS AND VIEWS By ALEXANDER LIPSETT (An ILNS Feature) the labor conference thundered with [postwar features in a clearer but hardly more reassuring light, |tions and the use of German labor in the rebuilding of devastated areas. The [question. The CIO spokesmen have been doubtful and evasive. Only the &r Congress. I theCom^’ttee says Nf’thmg came of |teria but.again xrithout success. There is only one answer: Destruction of Germany’s present political pystem full exactinent of penalties disarmament and economic control for |as long as necessary encouragement of democratic elements within the reparations within the limit of all that is humanly and economically ’epriving the German people of the opportunity to re store themselves to a decent place in the family of nations employment, not of slave labor battalions, but of German workers on reconstruction tasks at standards set and supervised by international organs, preferably the ILO (International Labor Office). FREE MEN OR SLAVES? w Perhaps the most .interesting and in its consequences most important litem of discussion at the London gathering was the issue of postwar repara- Though overshadowed by the Crimea Conference, the World Trade [the war up to the end of the next i ...j .• Uu(jget year (june 30, 1946) wiH be 23,500,000,000 kronor ($625,000,000). a‘hfrankness that’ places Certain h«mntiton\he'’llbo? absent from the conference “,,ed But the issue is only outwardly of labor concern. No other question, ex-k ------by w wsoon kept that of organizing permanent peace, is fraught with greater significance. Iffible to of the London resolutions, the decision will be made not by labor |cinie in reunv mstorj, tne statesmen oi the victorious alliance will be con- (faction with the Wiirforss bill, the trea-lfronted with a problem as portentous and beset with perils as it was afterLenerai opinion beinir voiced bv the It is inrtractl¥af'l0 ^*1 the* oxpe'rienc'e of organized labor with repar.- rhich after the 1914-18 conflict. A group of British laborites presented in “Our obligation to others who are [the summer of 1916 a comprehensive reparations scheme. Establishment of an [worse [international n*construction commission, with huge funds at its disposal, was [speedy improvement in our own I Jhe planwas backed by the entire international labor movement, [standard of living, but such con- Bnl.Jl Labor Party, and adopted by the Ru.« .n ProvWonaiLderation. are far outweighed by the [Government in the spring of 1917. It has now been revived a somewhat hpini, Walter Citiine, general secretary of the British Trade It|was first broached by I rofessor h. Varga, Russian economist, in the maga- k th ?ht exDect that such I |tion tasks as the manner in which German labor may be conscripted and [used that meets with the objections of democratic labor statesmen. Sir Wal ker Citrine himself, although affirming the justice of Allied claims, drew [the line by observing: “Everything must be done to see that German labor, [when used for reconstruction purposes, is not exploited or forced to carry on [under inhuman conditions.” I have no intention to detract from German responsibility for the [enormous damage they have caused. They should be made to work to the [lilhit of their physical and economic endurance. But when the suggested [German labor draft is coupled with proposals to dismantle Germany eco [nomically and industrially, then 1 feel that we are on dangerous ground. It [is time to ask ourselves what we want and where we are going. Fascinated by The magic V-E tomorrow, we are apt to overlook the [problems and conditions of 30 or 40 years hence. No peace can be enduring [to which some people have permanent objections. Whether here or in Europe1, |we all must face hard facts and find sound solutions. Working Class, October, 1943. Professor Varga, estimating|hav®.™®. ng expect. .. ... 8 Allied wnr damages up to the fall of 1943 at close to 1,000 billion gold |contributions will be regarded as con- without depriving the German people of the opportunity to re- To slay the raving German beast is one thing. To lay economic waste to the heart of Europe wherein 60 million Germans dwell, is to make the German problem forever insoluble, YOUR UNION LABEL By RUTH TAYLOR W hat Kind of a Union Label do You Wear? It’s a fine thing to prove your loyalty to trade unionism by always in- it primarily fof your own protection. 1 Do you also prove your loyalty by wearing the right kind of a union label on yourself? Are you good merchandise? Do you impress the people you meet so they feel that trade unionism is a good thing, that if trade unionists are like you, they are for them? Do you live up to the principles back of the union label? Do you keep your vows of never discriminating against a brother worker because of creed color? You have an opportunity to prove at all times the worth of the things in which you—and all of us—believe. We say a trade unionist is a better worker than a non-union man. Are you? We say’a trade unionist, trained in cooperation, is a better citizen than a man unused to working with and for his fellow men. Are you? Wo say a trade unionist, dedicated to the brotherhood of all workers, Joes not look at a problem in the light of his own personal interest alone. Do you? W e say'a trade unionist is consecrated to the betterment of conditions for all men everywhere in the world, that his voice must be raised for the sufferers from any persecution or oppression anywhere. Are you and is I yours Just as you judge the worth of the goods you buy by the union label that| ’hows you it was made under fair conditions, so is trade unionism judged by ‘•he qualities you display in'your every day life. union label are you? extensive use of German labor together with reparations [elusive evidence of their readiness to money and kind. The Russians have since then repeatedly reaffirmed [put all resources to work to heal the It is not so much the idea of employing German workers on reconstruc- [clear expression of what the Swedish [people think and desire. The new afternoon daily, Ex- COMMENT ON WORLD Y EVENTS 1 ship, Sfe. Every once in a while some public official or commentator rises on his hind legs to assail little neutral na tions, such as Switzerland and Sweden, for not joining in the world blood bath on the side of the United Nations. These critics apparently forget or ignore a number of things, among them that if the little neutrals had sided with the United Nations to the extent of war they would in all likeli Ihood have been quickly overrun by I the Germans and would have proved [excellent bases for materially strengthening the German war ma chine. But perhaps even more important [from a long range viewpoint (and [short range, too for that matter) is the fact that the little neutrals would [have been denied their chance to I serve humanity if they had gone to I [war. As it is, they have worked in[ many constructive ways to prevent [human starvation and suffering and[ [to work toward the rebuilding of the| world. Take Sweden, for example. Sweden has accomplished an incalculable amount of good by helping to feed the starving in Greece, Norway, Hol land and other nations under the Nazi heel. And the Swedes are going right ahead with their good work, as shown by recent Stockholm dispatches, re porting that the Minister of Finance, Ernst Wigforss, has placed a bill be [fore the Swedish Parliament for the [financing of further credits and gift [shipments to the war-ravaged coun it [tries of Europe. The total sum required to cover [such activities from the beginning of In proportion to population this would correspond to about $12,000, 000,000 for the United States. Approximately 1,000,000,000 kronor have already been allotted, over 400, 000,000 kronor of this sum being for gifts, and the rest for reconstruc tion credits to foreign governments for goods and materials to be sup plied Sweden as as it is pos- Sw^ish.?reS Er organ Morgwi-Tidningen' off than we I the plan, as post-Versailles developments proved. The c.bv®”,a Dagbladet, Conservative muddle became so great that French and German trade union [Stockholm daily, suggests that the| indl-|leaders got together in 1921 and worked out a joint labor-production agree-[very size of the credits may give rise [went, subject to government approval. German democratic elements, then [abroad to exaggerated ideas as to] Power offered to rebuild devastated areas with German labor and ma-[Sweden’s financial strength and pro-| Conscnption of German manpower for recent reconstruction purposes Svenska Dagbladet continues, Swedes will I not permit any hPin I| rfh », Pl[dispensed gvenska Dagbladet Conservative [ductive capacity. On the other hand,| [wounds of war. The paper says it is [sure that in this respect the bill is a Ipressen, says no opposition to the bill I is probable in the Ridsdag. “It will be welcomed by all parties in all quarters as an expression of Sweden’s feeling of international obligations.” [UNION MEAT WORKER IS I HONORED FOR HEROISM I Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—The list of medals and awards won by I union men in service grows longer [every day. Their acts of heroism on I battlefields are an inspiration, the I War Department feels, to the union I men and women on production lines I who turn out the superior arms and (equipment that will speed our fight ling men’s safe return. I to n»ceive the Another A FL man I Distinguished Service Cross, highest I honor awarded by a I commander on Sergeant Wil- the field of battle, is lliam Hodge, Pittsburgh, Pa. Hodge I employed for 7 years prior to enter ling the Army by the Wilson Packing I Co., is a member of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America. Hodge was in Italy May 11, 1944, when his platoon made a night attack against strong enemy positions. He and a comrade, with total disregard for their own safety, attacked and de stroyed an enemy machinegun nest which was preventing an advance, and killed 3 enemy soldiers. Accord-1 ing to the War Department citation:! “Their action at the risk of their I lives and aggressiveness and dis-[ Thursday, March 22, 1945 THE i, CHERRY TREE Where With Our Little Hatchet ... We Tell the Truth About Many Things, Sometimes Pro- Roundly, Sometimes Flippantly and Sometimes Recklessly. In a recent issue of a so-called I popular picture magazine, the Miami, I Fla., area was given a lambasting as la I fat boy play spot where ill-gotten wealth and bad manners make u I ghastly spectacle. So the Miami area I was pilloried as a rather nasty fester I spot on the national map. I And that leads to a discussion I big spending and bad manners. I of on of It was most unfair to pick I Miami as an outstanding example ■plutocratic show-off and surf-lolling. I Pictured were some scantily clad, or unclad, girls, intended to prove something or other. Now, in truth, there probably is several times the amount of big spending in New York that there is in the Miami area. And the bank rolls and fat paunches were acquired somewhere besides in Miami. Why not ask, where and how did they get it and what is wrong with matters in these places and with those methods? Doesn’t Chicago have its big spend [ing? Doesn’t Detroit have it? Doesn’t Cleveland have it and for gosh sakes, doesn’t Washington, D. C., have it Yes, you can be sure they have it— and how! A lot of expensive furs are taken to [Miami by the wealthy play folks, but [they were bought elsewhere by money [procured elsewhere. It is easy for a picture magazine to getw pictures of fat bellies and [shapely legs in Miami, because Miami [has a near-tropical climate and the [beach extends a constant invitation. [The surroundings for photography are ideal. So Miami gets the smear, with pic [tures of folks who go to Miami to [spend, because Miami is warm and [inviting and because they can afford to get there, by one means or another. But let’s put a little of the smear on the places from which these rich [exhibitionists bought their tickets. The whole thing serves to make the [point that too much money is being [made by some people, in spite of high [taxes and high prices. If there is a fault, that’s where to [find the heart of .it and that’s where [the blows ought to fall.^^^.^..^ The Miami sunshine invites people to take off as many clothes .as can be with. And much of the re show is a bit on the revolt ing side. Isulting There’s no beauty in a fat male paunch trunks, female scanty wish the dame would put on enough clothing to hide the rolling results of easy and too rich living, rolling out over bathing Nor is there any in a broad beam draped in slacks, or in bathing attire. It is easy to But where did they get that way? Right in the old home town where the war contracts roll fast and fat in a tidal wave of production. Those who know the city of Miami and its surrounding ring of satellite cities, including Miami Beach, know that the average citizen is pretty much like the average citizen else where. Men and women work, pay their I taxes and do just about the same things that people do in except that their homes dirty from coal smoke. most cities, do not get of war in have won An enormous network dustries exist and they their full share of Army and Navy E pennants. They buy their war bonds, do their civilian defense work and make their War Chest and Red Cross [contributions, just like the people of I other cities. I The great spenders come from else I where and so do the owners of most of the gaudy night spots where they congregate after night fall. The fat cats and their gals, some fat and sloppy, some sleek and glamorous, are folks from the Northern cities, where they have made a pile of dough and yearn to take a flyer in the sun shine. Among them, of course, are many who have worked to the point of exhaustion and who need rest and re building. But nobody notices them, oi course. The picture magazine could find better ways to help America move forward.—CMW. [DRIVE FOR POST-WAR BAN Ion child labor opens New York City.—Action now to employment of children under 16 years old is necessary to protect both children and adults after I the war, according to the National I Child Labor Committees. The organi zation has issued several thousand copies of a pamphlet, “The Case for 1 play of courage reflect the high tradi-1[prohibit tions of the military service.” I[ LABOR AWARD FOR J. MYERS New York City (ILNS).—The na tional executive board of the Workers Defense League has voted the league’s annual award for distin guished service in behalf of labor’s rights to the Rev. James Myers, in dustrial secretary of the Federal Council of Churches, who has organ ized church services featuring labor sermons in connection with A FL con ventions. The award, in the form of a piaque, was given in previous years to Senator Robert M. La Follette, Jr., John J. Finerty and A. Philip Randolph, president of the Brother hood of Sleeping Car Porters. Sixteen Year Employment Laws,” which describes current laws and points out that after the war cheap child labor may compete with adult employment. The pamphlet will be sent free to individuals and to national and local organizations for use in State cam paigns to raise the age limit for child labor in the post-war period from 14 to 16 during school hours, according to Mrs. Gertrude Folks Ziinand, ex ecutive secretary of the committee.