Slje Pottery JferaH
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF
THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS
EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL
Published every Thursday at East Liverpool. Ohio, by the N. B. of O.
P., owniasr ^uid operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job
Printing Plant in the State.
Entered at Postoffice, East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second
class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage
provided for in Section 1108, Act of October 13, 1917, authorized
August 20, 1918.
General Office, N. B. of O. P. Building. W. Sth St., BELL PHONE 578
HARRY L. GILL.---------------------------------- Editor and Business Manager
One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada------------------12.00
President—James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio.
First Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street National
Bank Building. Trenton, 8, New Jersey.
Second Vice President—Frank Hull, 2704 E. Florence Ave., Huntington
Third Vice President—James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool,
Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton, 8,
Fifth Vice President—George New bon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton, 8,
Sixth Vice President—George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East
Seventh Vice President—T. J. Deemond, 625 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva,
Eighth Vice President—Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Nowell, West
Secretary-Treasurer—Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool,
GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
PUBLIC LABOR POLICY
/THERE is no group of citizens more concerned
about the strike situation than the member
ship of our trade unions. We realize the serious
ness of the repercussions that may be ahead and
the danger of a labor situation getting into ir
During the war Congress enacted the Smith
Connally Act over the protest of workers, re
stricting the function of collective bargaining, and
later collective bargaining was frozen in order to
facilitate price control. A deep-rooted resentment
■of injustice has been smoldering for workers were
the one group of citizens singled out as unable
or unwilling to manage income under war con
ditions that represented a fair evaluation of the
increased productivity they put into war work.
r'-The injustice of frozen wage rates is even more
galling after overtime ends and wartime costs
W living remain.
Congress has refused to adopt a program to
safeguard workers during reconversion. It has
refused to recognize that readjustment of the
/work force is a federal problem, and has ordered
demobilization of the U. S. Employment Service
even before reconversion is igmnpleted. Ignoring
the great wartime migration^*? which the gov
ernment was responsible, Congress has put reem
ployment upon a local basis.
The Administration is vigilantly holding
down prices, necessitating regimentation of a
number of industries and ignoring the need for a
wage policy. Unions are not free to determine and
enforce their own wage policies as in normal
times. Merely to bring wage rates in line with in
creases in the retail trade index of the Bureau
of Labor Statistics does not bring wage rates in
line with increased productivity.
Unions are looking forward to the Labor
Management Conference as an opportunity for
creating voluntary adjustment machinery for
problems management and union fail to decide,
At the earliest possible time collective bar
gaining must be released to become the primary
agency for assuring justice to workers. Mean
while, all workers should keep in mind long-time
objectives as well as immediate gains and not let
either employers or politicians maneuver them
into a position of opposing the permanent welfare
of our nation.
FEDERAL USES CONTROL
XJNGRESS continues to look backward, not for
ward. Latest manifestation of this attitude is
rejection by a Senate Appropriation subcommit
tee of Proident Truman’s recommendation for
continued federal control of the U. S. Employment
Service, until June 20, 1917.
The S'nate subcommittee voted to return
USES to the states within 120 days after enact
ment of suitable legislation. The House has pre
viously set the return date at 30 days.
What Congress will finally do about the mat
ter is anybody’s guess, but judging by recent per
formances there is little hope it will continue
federal control during the reconversion period.
Yet the need for federal control is plain. Read
justment of the work force is a federal problem
and has nothing to do with state lines. Apparent
ly Congress is determined to ignore the great war
time migration for which the government was re
sponsible and plans to put re-employment upon a
It is not too late for labor to tell Congress in
unmistakable language that a’federal system is
called for during the postwar period and that it
expects action along this line. A flood of letters
and telegrams would lie very helpful in impress
ing this upon Senators and Representatives.
EUROPE MUST BE REHABILITATED
EVERYTHING possible must be done to help
Europe on its feet again. This means ap
propriation of funds for UNRRA and immediate
arrangements for loans to Britain and western
European countries needing money to buy sup
plies. Jt means too that the western allies must
supply adequate food to Germany and permit es
sential civilian industries there to get back to
work. We may well remember that starving, job
less people cannot rebuild democracy in any coun
try. Britain’s parliament on Oct. 26, led by Labor
members, cried out against the unnecessarily
cruel conditions in Germany, saying: It is still our
duty to champion tolerance and decency ,—AFL
Ubor’B Monthly Sju w. ...
Manufacturers________ —..... M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL! xiT xi. ux
Operatives, chas. f. jordan.
Frederick glynn, harry
CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE _____
k. koos, h. m. walker,
V DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE
DAVID BEVAN^"CHARLES JORDAN!
Manufacturers, ROBERT DIETZ. Sr.. MARGARET PARKER, HAY
...xm. BROOKES. W. A. BETZ
Operative®, JAMES SLAVEN. THOS. WOOD, ROLAND
WHAT IS IN A NAME?
Q0ME0NE, probably a poet, remarked a long
/time ago that there’s nothing in a name. A
rose by any other name would fill the room with
perfume just the same, or words to that effect.
The poet was wrong about some names. Con
stant propaganda has made some terms and ap
pellations things to provoke shudders. For in
stance, there’s the word, “strike.”
What is a “strike?” Insofar as working
people are concerned, it is simply the stoppage
of work. If you quit your job, you go on a one
man “strike.” If scores or thousands of working
people decide to quit their jobs at the same time,
they may shut down an industry. That’s a
Recently we had retail grocery dealers
threatening to buy no butter during the first
week in November because OP A has raised prices
to wholesalers five or six cents. It’s all part of
the program to abolish the subsidies paid by
our government. The consumer will pay from now
on. But what is it to be called when retail grocers
refuse to go without profits? Why, that’s a
What about the farmers who withheld var
ious products from the market, until OPA finally
gave them a raise? They were “striking” of
course. And, the restaurant owners who closed
their doors because red ration points ran low?
“Strikers,” every one.
Working people “strike” when they become
convinced there is no other way to obtain wage
adjustments .or changes in working conditions
they sincerely believe are necessary. Businessmen
EETZ “strike” for the same reason: to protect their
reasonable profit margins. Farmers, too, go on
“strike” when they think their interests require
stoppage of work.
We are reading nowadays in the press about
many, many strikes of working people. But, we
are not getting one word about what is probably
the biggest strike of all—the strike of manufac
turers to smash the OPA ceiling prices. We are
told that builders are on a sit-down because OPA
prices do not permit of profitable operations we
are informed that in some cities the landlords are
on strike for higher rents.
The emphasis is all on the strikes called
by working people, because the purpose of the
publicity is to put labor in wrong with the public,
and to encourage congress to pass some sort of a
law to cripple worker organizations, to deny to
such organizations the right to s£op work, if that
can be done.
The difference between free men and serfs
is the right to quit. The serf dared not strike he
went to jail if he tried to quit his job. He was part
of the property of the employer. Any time con
gress attempts to prevent working people from
leaving their jobs, it takes a step in the direction
In a free country every man has a right to
leave his job when he pleases, just as every man
in business, every farmer, every building contrac
tor, has a right to close up shop if he cannot ob
tain a reasonable return from the sale of his labor
or his products.
During the war, the organized working people
laid aside their right to strike, but they
did not surrender it. They permitted themselves
to be pushed around by bureaucrats and vision
aries who operated a compulsory arbitration sys
tem. Now that the war is over, organized Labor
wants no more of that type of regulation it also
has decided definitely to resume its right to stop
What’s needed? A fair, sincere cooperative
spirit, an aproach to the problem by means of
mutual understanding and confidence. Compul
sion has always failed it is never the answer in
a free country.
THANKSGIVING FOR VICTORY
rpHE Victory Loan Drive should rightfully be
termed the “Thanksgiving Loan Drive”. Not
only because Thanksgiving day comes during the
period of the drive, but to give the campaign a
real impetus by developing an awareness and ap
preciation of just what it means and represents.
Thanksgiving for Victory—Thanksgiving for
the fact that we can realize now just what Vic
tory will mean in so many different ways
Thanksgiving that we have supported seven War
Ixan Drives, and have generously oversubscribed
Our thanks can best be expressed by going
all out to put every idle nickel into this drive and
demonstrate to the rest of the world our Thanks
giving for all the events of the past four years
that brought us this victory.
This is the last—Give it all you have and1
more. If you have done your “share” in preceding,
war loans—do more than your share this time.
Let’s go overboard for the last onfe. More than
you can afford. Let’s wind up this drive in a blaze
of glory—For yourselves—For everybody—For
our own satisfaction in years to vome
JOBS FOR ALL, AT FAIR WAGES
THE basis of available facts,” declares
Joseph V. Moreschi, president of the Interna
tional Hod Carriers, Building and Common Lab
orers’ Union of America, “it is clear that the
prime need for the postwar era must be jobs for
all, at fair wages. Fair wages mean increased
basic wage rates, especially for the low paid, in
order to provide necessities already well advanced
in price: also to protect purchasing power and our
“It is likewise clear,” says President More
schi, “that building and construction work of var
ious kinds, including highways and other public
facilities, can and should supply many of these
essential jobs—fully 25 percent of the total, in
cluding both direct and indirect employment.
“It is therefore evident that everything pos
sible should be done to develop plans now, not
only for full employment, but with particular con
the building and cviibtruction in*
THE POTTERS HERALD *.-•
and not a PHONY one.
“Pnn as I live and breathe
but the principle is the same.
“I’ll tell Dorthy Dix about you,” warned Little Luther.
rrtrArn,, Tvi 4-u iTi, ..
broke down. This is entirely different.”
ll nicket this house if vou don’t nee-otiate
“Oh, THAT, said Mr. Dilworth. That was back m.the negotiations that
“Call it off?” queried Little Luther. “You
o ., ... I
1 t. .. ... ..
YOUR JOB AND THE LAW I
LI. „l.Ll ............... ,1,^..,-^^,,.
GOOD FAITH BARGAINING
.x. x» 1 1
mean, at the very least, that it ought to be willing to talk about it. And that
it apparently isn’t willing to do. I
Thus, for example, in cases involving the Aluminum Ore Co., and the
When we all realize that our modern economy works most fairly when all
its parts are examined, we’ll all be better off. Wages and prices can’t properly
NOTHING IS TOO
GOOP FOR. YOU
By JOHN PAINE, Federated Press I known and well thought of by the sanitary potters of the west. His death will
be a shock to his many friends.
“Pop, I need an increase my allowance,” Little Luther announced. The|build an adjition to the north side of its plant. A couple of new kilns will
price of movies is up. You’re only getting half as big a comic book for st dime loccupy a portion of a street adjoining the plant, which the city council had
nowadays. Hamburgers cost Igc. A double-dip cone costs twice as much as I ver enp‘ous]y vaeated in order that the company may not be handicapped
before the war. You’re making more than you used to. Ln work
“Whoa, Luther! Stop right there,” Mr. Dilworth demanded. “What 11 Tbe potters at Minerva report the shop is running to its fullest capacity
make is none of your business. It has nothing to do with the matter. You|and bas enoUgb orders on hand to keep going until the Christmas holidays
were talking about wages. Stick to the subject.” |Tbe fjrm bas had a good year and the outlook for the new year is,exceed
“What you were making had a lot to do with it the last time you cut I ingly bright.
my allowance,” Little Luther said. “At least that’s the excuse you gave me I Thomas May, a member of Frank Thornberry’s biscuit crew at the
then. Said you were broke, going to the poor house and what next.”
“I hereby officially declare thes negotiations have broken down,” Mr. I has not been able to do a tap of work for near y six weeks.
Dilworth announced, “and therefore we wil not discuss the matter further. If I The representatives of the National Brotn -rnood of Operative Potters,
I have anything more to say, I’ll say it to the Parents Protective League I President T. J. Duffy, of East Liverpool, Onio, and R. A. McDevitt of the
which is, incidentally, unaffiliated.”
Pop, as 1 live and breathe, 1 picKet this house you don negotiate. I mber of the grjassignments
evance committee, and the latter a member of the industrialais
“And 1,” blustered Mr. Dilworth, “will call the cops if you picket.
had just about all the juvenile delinquency we can stand. While you kids were Fred pootb of the Continental glost at East Palestine has purchased a
collecting salvage for the war, we overlooked it. But now, with all the young I farm near Summerville, Florida, and will remove there with his family about
parents back from war, we’re going to clamp down on you.”
“Not a bad idea, son,” Mr. Dilworth said. “What do you say we have a I condition last Friday evening is reported in a precarious condition at the
conference to settle this problem?”
"Anything that settles it right is OK with me," Little Luther said. i» mo(\he"hopsTthiS S? ‘S
“Fine,” Mr. Dilworth beamed. “Now we’ll have the cop on the beat I W°r Thomas'Collins' tinman, who has been critically ill for the past several
chairman, and of course we’ll have Dorothy Dix and maybe Mr. Anthony to k is ]ivjng but with little hope of recovery. He is conscious most
represent the public. And me. And maybe mother. And you. Of course, we’ll I th time but bas! lost aU power of speech. His trouble is acute Bright’s
let you come. This must be democratic.”
“Generous old skinflint, aren’t you?” said his son. “I’m supposed to get! Local Union No. 44, Sebring, Ohio, has elected an entirely new set of
an increase singlehanded out of a packed jury like that?”
“Increase?” asked Mr. Dillworth. “What do you mean, increase? Who ling secretary, Harry Crewson financial secretary, “Der” Carman one per
ever said anything about increases?” cent clerk, Fred Birch treasurer, Joe Gibbson, Sr. inspector, T. J. Seiz guard,
“Well, I did, for one,” Little Luther said. “I said I wanted an increase. “Dobby” Morrow trusts, L. Edis C. Larkms and Charles Dorff.
You said 1 couldn’t have one. That’s two people that said something about in-1, The pottery bowling tajm I™■J1',
“I’ll say it is,” Little Luther admitted. “Me against two parents, two rex-1 vd a o '1
perts’ and a cop. But if the conference is not about an increase, what is it to TWENTY YEARS AGU
be 4.1 TM rvi 1 ..17 a ux
“Well, procedure mostly, I say,, Mr. Dilworth explained. “WeHi
ll sit nght|one that carries at least 35 dozen moulds of the 8 to 12 inch size, the whole
down around a conference table and freely and openly negotiate, and when|of wbich can be set in motion with the pressure of one finger, it is invited to
we’re through we’ll have a procedure for discussing that other thing youlinspect the one recent]y installed at the West End Pottery, East Liverpool,
“Please, Luther, don’t say that word again or I’m afraid I’ll have to call I Clair avenue, following an extended illness of complications. He was em
the conference off,” Mr. Dilworth said sternly.
called it on yet.”
“See? See? That’s what we parents have to put up with,” his father The next meeting of the Standing Committe will be held, Monday eve-
wailed. “All right, that’s the end of it. L’ll write Congress and THEY’LL pass lning Nov. 3()th instead of Dec. 7th. The date of the meeting has been ad
a law that will take care of you little pests.’ I,
law that will take care of you little pests. Ivanced to Nov. 30th because of the manufacturers meeting in New York on
“OK, Pop, but how about an increase in my allowance in the meantime?” I December Sth to 9th.
The Jews of Europe must not be driven off that continent into Palestine, I he had gone two months ago for his health, Arthur Carlton, 28 Michigan
British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin announces.
Just as American workers mustn’t be driven off the streets into jobs. I Carlton was employed as a turner at the Trenton ^tteries CompMiy.
The British and Dutch are fighting in the Dutch East Indies, France is l^ew Castle Pa. last Tuesday evening.
fighting in Indo-China, the U. S. is fighting in China.
Maybe Congress had better send an investigating committee to the USSR I Pottery Company Wednesday night in St. Stephens’ Parish House, the first
to look into the Russian conspiracy to make peace. jts kind in the history of the plant was an unusually delightful event. Over
The Grace Lines, in huge ads, announce they’re about to start a big fleet I E. L. Heusch of Columbus, state supervisor of vocational training, whose
of tourist ships to all parts of the western hemisphere.
There’s a bunch of GI tourists in Europe and the Pacific who’d be happy I ma^e possible the establishment of the Ceramic Classes here for under-
to make the tour.
rnrAT evsTVMi I Tuesday in conference here with Kenneth Smith, J. A. Monasky, N. J. Lorah
11 o A (jKiSAl bi&irxM. land Albert Reid, instructors, and Superintendent of Schools, McVey, for the
purpose of checking up on the enrollment, the reaction of the students to the
course, and the progress of the work generally, and expressed himself as
greatly pleased with the results of his mission.
Niles, Ohio, by C. M. Hubbard.
The relation between wages and prices is nowhere better posed as an I Stanis Ludwig, ‘turner, formerly employed at the Warwick China Com
issue than in the current dispute between General Motors and the United I pany’s plant, Wheeling, W. Va., is now in the employ of the Empire China
Auto Workers. The UAW has filed a charge with the NLRB that GM has I Co., at Burbank, Calif. He has notified friends that he likes California very
refused to bargain in good faith, contrary to the Wagner act. The charged well.
according to reports, is that while GM has said it is unable to pay wage in-1 Albert Kernan, Joseph Robinson and John Wilson, kilnmen of Paden
creases without a price increase, it “has refused to discuss with the union its I City, W. Va., members of Local Union 118, have accepted kiln placing jobs
ability to pay, its profits, and its price structure.”
The GM side of the story is pointedly set out in a recent editorial in the A newly organized industrial bowling league in Sebring includes the
Washington Post. That editorial flatly says that what GM charges for its I J' reneb China Company, the Limoges China Company, the E. H. Sebring
cars is solely a management perogative. In other words, iti s none of the I lottery Company and the Sebring Pottery Company. The schedule calls for
as legal is good faith bargaining. It has also been held that if a company I pbe grea^ raee for the championship in the Western Penn Soccer Football
refuses to do what reasonable and fair minded men are ordinarily willing to do, I ue gtjn continuea between the East Liverpool (Homer Laughlin) and
that indicates bad faith. Is it reasonable for the union to inquire into profits I the Shelbys of Elwood City, Pa. The tie for honors that has existed from the
and prices? So far as profits are concerned, it is not reasonable for the union Ive start wag not broken by last Saturday’s games when the Shelby’s
to insist on a fair share for its labors.
But the union can’t argue about how much of a share it is entitled to, I Thistles, at Newell, by the score of 3-1.
unless it knows first what there is to share. So, right on the face of it, I——-----------------------
when GM refuses to discuss profits, it just isn’t being reasonable. This doesn’t I
mean, of course, that GM has to agree to the union’s demands But it does
Nor can anyone, with even the most elementary knowledge of economics, I Q._]f I am fired from my job, can I collect unemployment compensation 1
argue that prices have no relation to wages. eW all know that it isn’t MONEY I while looking for another job?
wages that count. It is what the money will buy. A 30 or even a 50% raise A.—!f vou are fired for misconduct (in connection with your work) you
in wages is meaningless if, at the same time, prices go up in proportion can be di«qualified for unemployment compensation. Your benefits may be
So when the union is arguing with GM for a raise and insisting at the ^an o depending An your State law.
same time that prices remain as,is, what it is arguing for is a REAL raise
To urge, therefore, as GM does, and most of the Big Business news-1 and filed by claim for unemployment compensation, must I accept any job
papers do, that prices are none of the union’s business, is to argue that it is I ^ba(. js offered me
none of the union’s business what the workers’ real wages are. It would be I /_To be entije(1 to benefits, you must be willing to accept an offer
iniaR,ne a sillier argument. |of sujtable w’ork, or work for which you are reasonably fitted. A job’s suit
1 ^hH.Cv\npi» Se?iSfk°f tbe 8,tuat,on is, at any rate, clear. And the law. Iability depends on such factors as your past work experience, the distance
unless the NLRB and the courts reverse their_ decisions, is also ctear. th job1from your home the wages offemi, and the local work opportuni-
Singer Sewing Machine Co., both the board and the courts took the position I jt do u have to accept a job which ff or
that refusal to discuss and supply similar information was an unfair labor ki canditions far iess favorable than those prevailing in the locality
practice on the part of the companies. True, thyse cases did not involve prices,
From The Herald Files
THIRTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Newell pottery, is still confined to his home with rheumatism.
Sanitary Pressers Local No. 45 of Trenton, N. J., have been given impor-
tant committee at the A. hot L. convention, the former
mjddle of the month. He is working out his two weeks’ notice.
county infirmary, to which place he was committed for treatment. Mather
officers: President, Edward Barrett vice president, Lawrence Maley record-
last Friday evening. The “mud daubbiers did well, but were
enough for those scientific Warren chaps.
Thursday, November 22, 1945?
John Cameron an employee at the Bellmark Pottery in Trenton, has
returned to work after eight months’ illness.
Bro. Oscar Schroeder, a member of Local Union No. 5, Evansville, Ind.,
died a few days ago at his home in that city. Bro Schroeder was quite well
The Pope-Gosser China Company of Coshocton, Ohio, is planning to
Joseph Mather, kilnman, who was found on the street in an exhausted
If the trade wants to see a smoothly operating dishmaker’s
Ifor use of William Watkin, well known member of Local Union No. 29.
Harry Holtzman, kilnman, aged 48, died Nov. 19 at his home, 1510 St.
ployed at the Homer Laughlin China Company, East End.
^ra^ton» sanitary presser of Richmond, California, has been
called to his home East Liverpool, by the critical illness of his mother.
While he was homeward bound last week from Prescott, Arizona, where
avenue, Trenton, N. J., died suddenly on the train at Gallup, New Mexico.
President John T. Wood discussed the laws of the organization and
working conditions generally at a special meeting of Local Union No. 54,
rpbe factory “Party” given by the officials and employees of the Standard
150 employees and their friends were present.
efforts in conjunction with those of the East Liverpool Board of Education,
graduates of the high school and employees 01 the pottery industry, spent
Sebring will send a crack five-man bowling team to the big A-B-C bowl
ing tournament at Toledo in February. The team will be made up of potters
and will include the following brothers, Killbuck, Scally, Zink, T. Jones and
John Mackey has been succeeded as secretary of Local Luion No. 57 at
with the Steubenville Pottery Co., Steubenville, Ohio.
Kames every week, and since all teams are manned by experience players,
some keen contests are anticipated.
That argument is neither good law nor good common sense. Let
’slook I Jameg Cannon klinman, formerly employed at Niles, Ohio, began work
into this a bit. The law is clear
that the only kind of bargaining recognized
I the fjrgt of the week at the
pailey-Walker plant, Bedford.
trimmed Sharon 7-1 and the Laughfin team won from the fast Glencoe, Pa.,
I Unemployment InSUtCmCe information
I lor tnat Kina 01 VorK‘
Q.—After I have registered for work at the public employment office,x
Q. What happens if I refuse a job?
unemp1oyment compensation agency determines each case on its
the agency considers it “suitable,” you will be disqualified, and
benefits will be cancelled reduced or postponed depending on your State
Q.—If I am offered a job that is opan because of a labor dispute, and
I refuse to accept it, will I be denied unemployment benefits
A.—No, the law says that you may not be disqualified for refusing to
accept a job that id open due directly to a strike, lockout or other labor dis
Q.—What if I am offered a job where 1 have to join a company union,
or where I have to resign or refrain from joining any bona fide labor organ
A'—You can turn down a job like that and still collect your benefits,
if you are otherwise eligible to receive them.
Q.—Suppose I am denied unemployment benefits, even, though I think
I should receive them. Is there any way I can appeal the decision of my
A.—Yes, the law provides opportunity for a fair hearing before an
impartial board of review or referee without any cost to you. You can appeal
not only denial of benefits, but other rulings on your benefit rights as well.
If you are still dissatisfied, you can take your case to court at your own
Q.—How would I appeal a decision against me?
A.—Go to the office of the unemployment compensation agency where
you filed your claim, and ask to have ymr case reviewed. That office will ex
plain what you do next. Remember, how’ever, that there is a time
appeal. Be sme to file your appeal as quickly as possible after the
statement* of your benefit rights is delivered to you.. ,,
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