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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, November 29, 1945, Image 5

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Thursday, November 29, 1945
I lllllll III
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Next there would be a comparison of the requested wage increases with
Ideal cost-of living figures there would be a set of figures to demonstrate
the stability of employment in the company concerned as compared with other
concerns and some figures on how the company’s estimated proposed over
time work will increase takehome pay and help meet the figure the union
is asking.
Union negotiators and committeemen should expect to see some charts
showing the firm’s volume and profit outlook in order to prove inability to
pay higher wages, and to hear a lot of talk about present and forcast re
quirements of the firm for reserves expansion and reconversion costs.
Management will attempt to show the difference between profits it
made on war goods and the outlook for profits with peacetime production on
the higher costs required to sell many customers in peacetime as compared
with the low cost of selling only to our Uncle Sam.
Time studies, output per man hour of work figufffs atid other statistical
gymnastics are to be in order over the conference table, along with a plea
that the elimination of overtime doesn’t really represent a saving, but rather
increases unit costs and impairs management’s ability to raise wages.
Not only will management plead that OPA ceilings prevent it from
getting price relief to handle higher wage rates, but it will also contend that
ever, if higher price ceilings are granted, it dare not accept them because of
competitive pressure.
As a final out, it is suggested that management study profit-sharing
plans—with the idea that as a last resort to avoid paying fixed higher wages,
it can sell the workers on taking higher pay when, if, and as higher profits
materialize and after management has salted away handsome sums for
promotion, research, technilogical improvement and other devices to increase
“the stability of the business.’’
This same business letter agrees with most observers, in and out of the
labor movement, that the National Labor-Management conference will pro
duce generalizations and avoid stands on basic issues. It says the conference
will incline to ignore, not reconcile differences.
It agrees, too, that ’’for the first time there is a real prospect of res
tive labor legislation.” Which is something this column has been sayinj
some time.
MOSKIN’S
$1.25
if? 'U-
‘“Trffsinm v W *r\.7s‘ -r
By TRAVIS K. HEDRICK, Federated Presa
BUSINESS WORRIED BY LABOR’S CITING PROFITS
Washington—(FP).—Business management is really worried about the
new tactic of organized labor checking into its profit and reserve accounts in
supporting demands for wage increases. These public displays are both shock
ing and embarrassing executives.
-^One of the fancier research and analysis services issuing costly and
documented reports to corporations touches on the question Nov. 20, and
suggests a way out—one that labor should be ready to answer.
Pointing to the several government reports shoj^frig that wage increases
can be made without price boosts and without huflkig the profit position
of industry, the survey advises businessmen that organized labor now holds
the initiative and that economic pressure from labor will be timed to hurt
management most hurt it in production, in competitive position and in
the tax field.
The ray of hope offered to subscribers of the service is that the Office
of War Mobilization and Reconversion report showing a 24% increase could
be paid out by business is a generalization, and it suggests that each corp
oration and business get to work on a plan to move negotiations talks away
from theory and general statistics of all manufacturing business and down
to the bedrock facts of its own individual profit and, loss statement 4 its
own budget projections.
Executives are advised to make up their own present and Estimated
figures on payroll and cost, price and volume of profit—alon# some dozen
or more points. These points include:
Comparison of the company’s wage rates with those elsewhere in ths
industry and in the territory covered. This breakdown would picture the bear
ing of wages on sick-leave, vacations, insurance and pensions.
Wfaivt
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With too many of our public fig
ures the main issue is, “How can I
keep my job?”
Some call these addled discussions
democracy at work. That is true—but
it is about the lowest and most dis
gusting phase of democracy.
Intelligent democracy presupposes
true public service on the part of
public servants. It presupposes some
self-sacrifice, when honesty requires
it, just as the uniformed Americans
so recently exemplified self-sacrifice
in the highest degree.
Why should we expect less of a
Congressman than we expect of a buck
private
A buck private, in war, could get
shot for what some top officials do
for the sake of getting an added vote
or two, or an extra headline or two.
The Washington show these days is
pretty disgusting. Some hamming con
gressman shoots off his mouth, in
supreme ignorance and egotism, about
Pearl Harbor or the atomic bomb—and
nothing can be done about it. Not un
til election anyway. It’s tough.
Some gabble-faced ginkopolunos
lets go with both barrels about who
didn’t do what and there are plenty
of newspapers to give him space.
High statesmanship is needed—and
we get gutter politics.
The monkeys don’t seem to under
stand that we are entering, or have
entered, an entirely new era. Perhaps
they would’t recognize a new era any
way.
Well, quite likely we shall get
through it and come out half-way
creditibly, in spite of everything. But
it could so easily happen that we just
didn’t.
Right now, in these current days,
we can lay the foundation of a devas
tating third war, or we can help lay
the foundation of a lasting peace.
Selfishness and meanness and stu
pidity and inflated ego will not make
for peace.
There must be some who will think
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THE POTTERS HERALD
STARRED
Charles Boyer romances with a new co-star, Lauren Bacall, in Warners’
rf^Ving story of love and adventure, “Confidential Agent,” which arrives Sat
urday at the Ceramic Theater. Featured in supporting roles are Katina
Paxinou, Peter Lorre, Victor Francen and George Coulouris.
THE CHERRY TREE
It seems to me there is a lot of
small thinking going on in Washing
ton—and a lot of willingness to make
partisan use of tremendofis issues that
have no true partisan slant.
Pretty dirty business is being done
by some of the Republicans in the so
called Pearl Harbor investigation.
Their idea seems to be that the main
job is to smear Franklin D. Roosevelt,
who is dead.
Well, there are some politicians who
would never pick anything alive if
they could avoid it.
Then there is the partisan bunk
shooting about consolidation of the
armed forces under one head.
There is about as much objectivity
about that discussion as there would
be between Army and Notre Dame
football coaches—probably a lot less.
The same is true of universal train
ing and the same also is true of the
so-called atomic bomb.
-.........................................................
of other things besides how to get
home without breaking the eggs in
their own basket.
President Truman had the good
sense to get somewhere near back on
the track relative to the atomic bomb
before he got too far off base, but
that isn’t true of some of Congress.
So recently we, as a nation, were
able to think in terms of the world
welfare of freedom and democracy.
While we were in danger we could
think large thoughts.1^
Why is it, now that the acute dan
ger has passed, or seems to so many
to have passed, that immediately we
start drooling like spiteful children,
or like greedy gangsters?
In other words, if they are heeded,
why in the very devil do public men
have to “get that way”? Let’s pan
the pants off them until they learn
better and more wholesome ways!—
CMW.
Upholsterers Organize
Biltmore Planing Mill
Biltmore, N. C. (ILNS).—Uphol­
sterers’ International Union organi
zation was extended in the South by
determination of employes of the Wil
liams Brownell Planing Mill to
achieve the advantages and protec
tion of a UIU contract. Assisted by
UIU Organizer C. F. Bradley, the mill
workers quickly gained the signa
tures of the majority of the firm’s
employes to UIU application cards.
International President Sal B. Hoff
mann chartered the group as Wood
Workers Local 336, UIU. On receipt
of the charter Bradley and the officers
of the new local union demanded rec
ognition from the company as collec
tive bargaining representatives. Re
ceiving only excuses the Ideal union
applied to the National Labor Rela
tions Board for certification.
ii.il II
gobblewok
our Allies
bomb and
undo his
Some half-educated
throws out a smear about
in relation to the atomic
maybe it takes years to
mouthy blabber. But he get a head
line and maybe some of his constit
uents think he’s a great guy.
J/t 1 no mansion
“Our
i!:
I
home
4
Foremens' Union
Asks To Be Heard
Washington (FP).—The Foremens’
Asociation of America (unaffiliated)
wrote the national labor-management
conference Nov. 14 that it wanted rep
resentation or the right to be heard
before any committee of the confer
ence thgt considers the question of
the unionization of foremen.
Dr. George W. Taylor, conference
secretary, said the letter was signed
by President Robert Keys of FAA and
was considered by the executive com
mittee, which has not yet decided
which of the conference committees
has jurisdiction.
Both the committee on manage
ment’s right to manage and the com
mittee on collective bargaining claim
jurisdiction, and the decision of the
executive committee or of the whole
conference in plenary session may de
termine the light in which the fore
mens’ issue is to be considered.
Should the committee on manage
ment’s right to manage get it, there
will be a big section feeling that the
management delegates have won an
important point because of their de
termination to insist that foremen are
instruments of management.
"On the other hand, should the issue
go to the collective bargaining group,
it may spur labor delegates to inten
sify their efforts to include foremen
as workers in a broad definition of
the elements of collective bargaining.
Dr. Taylor said he, personally, saw
no progress yet in spelling out such a
definition of collective bargaining be
cause of the extremely diverse view's
of the two groups—labor and man
agement.
On the question of union responsi
bility under collective bargaining, he
said, the committee is considering
penalties on unions violating a con
tract, and the problem of union se
curity.
As to representation and jurisdic
tional questions, the Committee deal
ing with that subject has tentatively
recommended policies looking toward
prevention and the prompt solution of
disputes over work assignments. These
recommendations, Taylor said, will be
drafted and reported later, but are
believed by the committee to be help
ful in minimizing production stop
pages over work jurisdiction disputes.
SETTLEMENT AVERTS
N. Y. MILK STRIKE
Settlement Averts Strike
New York (FP)—A milk strike in
the New York area was averted when
Mayor F. H. LaGuardia effected a set
tlement between milk distributors and
deliverers, members of International
Brotherhood of Teamsters (AFL).
The main issue of retaining the war
time system of every-other-day deliv
ery of milk, objected to by the union,
was settled by granting the men a
5-day, 40-hour week in place of the
present 6-day, 48-hour week.
Skip-a-day deliveries will be con
tinued through the life of the new
contract, which will go into effect Jan.
15, 1946, and expire Uct. 24, 1947.
f•
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Pres.: A. L. White. Sec’y-Treas.
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Comment Oh World Events
“Russia Promise and Perform
ance,” a new 48-page pamphlet by
Norman Thomas, Socialist leader, con
tains an appraisal of present-day Rus
sia and its revolution that is well'
worth reading.
The pamphlet weighs the perform
ance of the Russian Revolution
against the promises of its leaders. As
Bertram D. Wolfe, noted authority an
Russia, declares: “Norman Thomas
judges Russia not by its present level
of attainment but by the direction in
which it is travelling—whether to
wards greater freedom and equality
or away from it. His pamphlet should
be useful to all Americans who want
to understand the Russia with which
we must deal in the shaping of the
postwar world.” .*
Thomas pays his respect to writers
on Russia who ignore the question of
its usq of forced labor, saying “no
estimate of Russian achievement can
be trusted which omits discussion of
forced labor just as no criticism of
Russian achievement is fair, which
fails to applaud Stalin’s handling of
the racial problem.
“On the record as we have examined
it, the failure to achieve freedom is
even more striking and tragic than the
failure to achieve plenty.”
Answering the question as to why
in his acknowledgement of Russian
greatness, he has not credited Stalin’s
Communism as the “nemesis of Fas
cism,” Thomas says:
“It is because I cannot accept the
popular belief that almost anything
can be forgiven Stalin’s regime since
it has been the chief, indeed the only
consistent foe of Fascism. Russia’s
military might and coverage were
enormous factors in Hitler’s defeat.
But Communist totalitarianism cannot
drive out the devils of Fascist total
itarianism because it has too many
of its own.
“Hitler Copies many of Stalin’s tech
niques: he made a temporary alliance
with him, and victorious Russia per
petuates on a vast scale the same
forced labor which we so bitterly con
demned in Germany. The struggle for
true freedom is yet to be won.”
Where great names are seen and made .. and food is American at its
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PAGE FIVE
Thomas warns strongly that Amer
ica must avoid war with Russia but
declares that the task will be easier
if we face facts than if we suppress or
distort them. To avoid a third world
war, Thomas proposes that we set
America in order by ending unemploy
ment at home and imperialism abroad
that we feed Europe and help develop
a democratic political reconstruction
of Europe that we give Asia a non
imperialist peace that we abandon
appeasement and that the U. S. A.
and U. S. S. R. jointly renounce the
use of atomic energy for war, as well
as war itself.
The pamphlet includes chapters on
“The Greatness of Russia”, “If You
were A Russian”, “Freedom and De
mocracy in the Soviet Union1
New Russian Imperialism”
“What Should Be Done.”
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“The
and
In his war address to Congress in
1917, Woodrow Wilson said: “Only
free peoples can hold their purpose
and their honor steady to a common
end, and prefer the interests of man
kind to any narrow interests of their
own.” What Wilson said 28 years ago
is jast as true now as then.
"i
LOCKOUT ENDED
lock
San­
New York (FP).—A 2-month
out of 60 union employes at the
doz Chemical Workers was ended with
a new contract between the firm and
Wholesale and Warehouse JYorkers
l|nion.
Buy War Bonds and fteht Inflation.
DR. A. A. EXLEY
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