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c. AFL REITERATES DEMAND PALESTINE BE OPENED IMMEDIATELY, TO JEWS New York City—(ILNS3.—Support of the American Federa tion of Labor of the demand for immediate opening of Palestine to displaced Jews was emphatically reiterated here in a message jrpm AFL President Wililam Green.f 3 Robert J. Watt, AFL international representative read Presi dent Green’s message at a big Carnegie Hall mass meeting, held in connection with the 22nd annual convention of the National labor Committee for Palestine. In his message Green pointed out that the opening of Palestine to the Jewish people was neither “a religious, political nor economic issue. It is just a plain case of justice*- or injustice.” r: ^. y MH "Z Urges British Action “We must not consider this a fight by Jews for the Jews,” he continued. “It is a crusade for the forces of de cency in our w€rld to undo a grievous wrong. ,j “Speaking for the 7,000,000 mem bers of the American Federation of Labor, I call once more upon Great Britain to agree to immediate admis sion into Palestine of 100,000 dis placed Jews of Europe, as requested by President Truman. This step must be followed by the revocation of the British White Paper. “The power and prestige of all the United Nations must rally behind the righteous cause so that we can truly say to the world that our victory was a victory for freedom and human instice $3,000,000 Drive Begun The National Labor Committfee for Palestine convention launched a drive for $3,000,000 to be sent to the Hista drut, the Palestine Federation of La bor, for the promotion of cooperative farming and industrial projects in Palestine. The convention, attended by 8,000 ’delegates representing 1,000,000 mem bers of labor and fraternal organiza tions in this country and Canada, urg ed immediate opening of Palestine to Jewish immigrants. At a luncheon session, Major J. Coldwell, member of the Canadian Parliament and head of the Coopera tive Commonwealth Federation of Canada, told 700 guests that it was not the Arab people, as a whole, who were opposing the Jewish entry into f, Palestine, but rather “the effendi, the rich Arab landholder, who recognizes that the continued development of Palestine by the Jews will mean in creased awareness of the bulk of Arabs, and the consequent weakening of his own privileged position.” “Selfish Interest# Givf_W'ay”| “Palestine must be opened »u# med ately to the Jews,” he saBFr^Thb introduction of such a policy must carry with it the full support and re sponsibility of both the United States and Great Britain. Selfish and na tionalistic interests must give way to the greater and more urgent prob lems of international peace and security.” ............... Jobs, Jobs, Who's Got The Jobs? i 1 By JACK MORRISON Wichita, Kaa.—(FP)—A wildly op timistic report in U. S. News that jobs were practically growing on trees in Wichita brought a hurried denial from the Chamber of Commerce and U. S Employment Service plus a strong hint to workers who came here from other cities to leave town. The U. S. News survey of Wichita, a boom town all through the war, r» „. ported that two-thirds of Wichita in dustries which needed to reconvert Z were able to do so and that even with industrial layoffs at the end of the war, Wichita industry still is employ ing almost five times as many work era aa before the war. Galvanized into action by the news paper’s report, the USES local office quickly assembled its own report and came up with these facts: “It is estimated that at the present time there are approxhnately 13,(00 un employed workers in Wichita, about i, 60% being women. Within the next three months, it is estimated this .number will rise to 17,500 due to the Z growing number of returning war vet erans and to release of additional workers presently employed by local war industry. “Any available jobs will be primar- Uy in retail and wholesale trade and •ewice enterprises, or in additional employment by existing industries or new industries that might be encour aged to Locate in Wichita, which is un certain. It is believed all of this would iot materially reduce the number 37^00 unemployed. s7 Firm Gives JSg* (Continued From Page One) of Machinists For Strike If Negotiations Fail 4 Los Angeles (ILNS). Nineteen 3 ’thousand members of the Interna tional Association of Machinists em -ployed at the Lockheed Aircraft Corp, plant have voted a strike if wages are not increased in negotia z iions beginning Nov. 5. The union is ^asking 52 hours’ pay for 40 hours .work or a raise of about 80 percent. Stating lat**r that the union leaders had accepted the company’s offer to negotiate “in the light of President Truman’s speech to the nation,” Rob «rt E. Gross, president of Lockheed, Ipdded “Wt sincerely hope these negotia ticHW wil proceed in the peaceful and sfacese manner requested by the Pres ident and .that they will provide a puick and satisfactory solution to the problem.” layoffs. As a further word I might mention the local will not support any flimsy excuse for willful teeism. absen detail of the Brother Dave Bevan gave a ed report on the proceedings State Federation of Labor convention held in Wheeling. He cited the con structive legislation adopted at the state meeting and urged all members to lend their support to the central body in furthering the proposals. Add ing further to his report he told of the efforts being made by the Central Labor Union to bring Jeff Davis, “King of the Hoboes” to Clarksburg in the near future. Jeff holds many friends among the potters, having spoken before various locals through out the trade during the past several years. Brother Kenny Collins, recently dis charged from the service, was present at the meeting in civics and report ed he was starting to work the follow ing day. James Ward and Katharine Spada fare were reported confined to their homes suffering from a touch of the flu. Thomas Smith who has been off work, due to illness, was a recent vis itor at the shop and reports his con dition very much improved. The transfer card of Wilbert Flu harty from Local Union 108, Bedford, Ohio, was received and his name add to the roll.—0. C. 99. ed Truman Asks (Continued From Page One) accept the findings of the fact-find ing board, but the chief executive said he felt that by publication of its re port, “both sides would accept the rec ommendations, as they have in most of the railway labor disputes.” It was emphasized in the Truman message that the procedure would be “used sparingly, and only when the public interest requires it,”—that is only in major disputes. He also asked that the legislation pay “particular attention to the needs of seasonal in dustries, so that the so-called ‘coolipg off periods’ can be arranged in those industries in a manner which will not subject labor to an undue disadvan tage.” Asking enactment of the legislation before Christmas, Truman said he hoped Congress will “approve the steps which I am now taking” in nam ing fact-finding panels without legal standing in the present strike of the United Auto Workers (CIO) against General Motors and in the threatened strike of the United Steelworkers (CIO) against the U. S. Steel Corp, and other members of Big Steel. Immediately after the delivery of the President’s message, Rep. How ard Smith (D, Va.r introduced a bill calling for creation of a joint com mittee of the House and Senate to study the message and recommend legislation. Sen. Joseph Ball (R, Minn.) con gratulated Truman for his message, saying that was a hopeful sign. Ball is one of the authors of the infamous B-2-H bill that would place American labor in a legislative straightjacket. Ball’s bill, introduced by himself, ex Sen. Harold H. Burton (R, O.) and Sen. Carl A. Hatch (D, N. M.) S. 1171. is Tricky Rider In Bill Would Give States USES... Washington (FP).—The House ap propriations committee has reported out a bill reducing surplus appropria tions carrying a rider to reverse Presi dent Truman’s recommendation and put the U. S. Employment Service back in the hands of the 48 states. Under the terms of the rider offered with the measure Oct. Manpower Commission quired to turn over its operation of USES to and the treasury would then give $30 million to a special fund “for grants to states for administration of un employment compensation and em ployment service facilities. 17, the War would be re funds for the the treasury, ployment service facilities.” The rider provides that federal con trol of USES shall end “on the 30th day after the date of enactment of this act.” and the ’state’s rights bloc* in the House is expected to push for an early-vote on the bill. Aside from the rider, the bill cancels about $52 billion in government spend ing for the fiscal year, including $30 billion for the army, $17 billion for the navy and nearly $4 billion for var ious executive agencies. WANTED caster and two glost kiln Circular kiln. Piece work. China to., Phone 4655. One hands. Salem (Reverse charges), I' Paralleling the unprecedentedly Entered Parley Determined To Get AntiLabor Laws New York—(FP).—The Natl. Assn, of Manufacturers went into the cur rent labor-management conference |kith its mind made up in advance that Congress must “modify” labor laws now on the books, regardless of what agreements might be reached in the conference. v In a letter to members of his organ ization Oct. 22, two weeks before the conference opened in Washington, NAM Pres. Ira ^’Mosher warned against expecting too much of the voluntary actions to be taken at the conftrtnce and said’ thatvaH the fta tiori’s industrial relatiffhs prdblems” could not be “solved effectively until we have a substantial modification of the federal labor legislation now upon the books.” Paying verbal tribute to the “con vention that this conference warrants industry’s most sincere endeavors,” he nevertheless enclosed a 4-page ques tionnaire heavily loaded with ques tions suggesting the outlawing of strikers, cooling-off periods, compul sory arbitration, federal labor courts, denial of Wagner act rights to unions violating contracts, and fines and as sessments for contract violation. First question was whether employ ers believed collective bargaining is desirable, from an economic view point, a social viewpoint, both or neither. Most of the proposals on which Mosher asked employers’ answers are included in the restrictive legislation now being proposed in Congress, with out waiting for the end of the confer ence. Answers to the questionnaire, Mosh er assured his members, would be kept confidential and the data would be for use of management representa tives only. Another War In 50 Years, Most Americans Believe Denver—(FP).—The belief that the U. S. will be engaged in another war in the next 25 to 50 years is steadily increasing, the Natl. Opinion Research Center announced here as it made public tha result of its latest poll on the subject. 4 In September, 67% of those polled —representing a cross section of American adults*—believed the country would be in another war in 50 years 44% thought it would be in 25 years. Only last March, the figures were 59% for war in 50 years, 85% for war in 25 years. A third poll last July gave results midway the March and September figures. “Typical” quota tions from those polled gave discov ery of the atom bomb and Biblical prophecies as the reason for expect ing new wars. IliJOli.'!* 'WJTTSfc.."''tSf '"■'J’"/’11*' Mark Every Grave k 5#ith a iL.- Weatherproof Natural 7 Foliage Wreath^ ORDER NOW WHILE STOC KS ARE COMPLETE i y. i S I ."t* John Gretta Jack Betty .4 THE POTTERS HERALD SYMPATHY PARADE. To show their support of striking Yale & Towne workers, CIO employes of Atlas Powder Co., many of them in army uniform, march past the struck plant in Stamford, Conn., to the strains of a bagpipe. Striking workers, members of Lodge 529 and 1557, International Association of Machinists (AFL), demand 80% pay raise and closed shop.—(Federated Pictures). _______________________________ ______ Straight From Employer's Mouth: Biggest Job Drop In History New York— (FP) —The greatest employment decline in their statistics gathering history was announced by the experts of the Natl. Industrial Conference Board, who recorded a 12.1% slump in September in a sur vey of 25 manufacturing industries. The board’s index of employment dropped to the lowest level since September 1940 and was 81.8% be low the peak of October-November 1943. sharp increase in unemployment which followed V-J Day, September pay rolls in the 25 industries dropped 15.3% below the August figure and were 30.3% less than in September last year, according to the board. “The decline between August and September this year was the largest decrease recorded since the early part of 1921,” the NICE reported, “and sent the conference board index of payrolls to the lowest level since December 1941.” Total manhours worked during Sep tember in the 25 manufacturing in dustries were lower than the 1923 average for the first time since April 19411 v Average hourly ^V&fhlngfe of pro duction and related workers were $1,089 in September, a decline of 1.3% from August and 2% below the peak level established in June 1945. Weekly earnings, average for any September, were 8.5% less than in August and smaller than the average for any month since May 1943. Coming from a conservative re search outfit whose statistics habitual ly approach only half the real truth, these findings make the employers unwilling partners to organized labor’s repeated warnings about widespread unemployment and fast shrinking pay. Labor-Strangling (Continued From Page One) desire to have a fact-finding com mission study their dispute. The com mission wold have 30 days to report on which side it thought was right— minus the benefit of facts and fig ures—and another 10-day period would follow before any action could be taken by either party. a In the meantime, a federal judge made a public demand for labor courts —a form of compulsory arbitration— and administration leaders in Con gress, announcing they had delayed action an the labor-crippling Hobbs and Smith May bills until the week of Dec. 3, said Congress would demand action then. Chairman Adolph Sabath (D, III.) of the House rules committe urged de lay because" emotions are running so high” but House Democratic Leader John McCormick (Mass.) said action was sure if strikes were continued, and both predict'd a “stab in the back” for labor. 4,000 OUT IN EDISON STRIKE Orange, N. J. (FP).—Four thous and members of Local 407, United Electrical Radio and Machine Work ers, were out Oct. 3 in a strike which completely shut down the Edison In dustries plants here and in Belleville and Kearn. The walkout was called when the company refused to discuss union demands for a $2 daily wage increase, time-and-a-half for Satur days and double-time for Sundays. I '4 ’*4,' if "C -the ESTABUSHED 1880 By RUTH TAYLOR “The door to the human heart can be opened only from the inside.” I found that sentence tucked away at the bottom of the page of the mag azine I was reading on the train. I tore it out and tucked it away for safekeeping for through that door way I could see so many vistas. The doorway to the human heart— I think it is like one of those fascinat ing glass doors that swing open mys terously as you pass a hidden light. I think that only from the depths of our own desire to understand, desire to. think selflessly, can we meet in perfect communion the minds of oth ers. If we go up to them with pre conceived prejudices, with instinctive dislikes, we will not pass the light. The door will not open—and no outer key will unlock it. But if in a warmth of spirit, in a feeling of friendliness and with a warm and understanding heart, we ap proach our neighbor, the door will spring wide open. It is next to im possible to hate a person we know. The wells of understanding are too deep and forgiving. If we really love life, and laugh ter, fair play and good fellowship, we will have no room for prejudice or cruelty. There will be no space left for misunderstanding. If we really want for others what we want for our selves—happiness and an opportunity to grow, we will face the adventure that is life in a spirit of friendliness for our neighbor. Because we have opened our hearts, our neighbor’s heart will be opened linto us. Just imagine what world this would be if we could bring ourselves to stop distrusting our neighbor. And just im agine what it would be like if he felt complete trust in us? Utopian? Yes —but is it more impossible than the things that have already come to pass in the world? Understanding of our neighbor’s needs, awareness of his problems, self restraint against misjudging or gen eralizing about him, willingness to work with him—and above all and through all the spirit offriendliness, —that is the secret ray which will open the door of any heart. Retail Grocers Threaten Lockout San Francisco— (FP). —A new meeting has been called by the San Francisco Retail Grocers Assn., to dis cuss the possibility of closing all the city’s grocery stores, in support of the shutdown of 78 Safeway stores after they were picked by the Bak ery Wagon Drivers Union (AFL). There is obvious difference of opin ion among the employers as to the advisability of taking this step. Wen dell Phillips, business agent for the union, said: “Leaders of the associa tion wouldn’t dare ask the independent members of the association to shut down. Many of these members are former members of the Retail Gro cery Clerks Union (AFL).” The Grocery Clerks Union has threatened to sue employers if the stores are closed. “There is now a binding contract between the union and these employers specifically pro hibiting lockouts,” Business Agent C. H. Jinkerson said. ConTGiuent Tanns We desire to serve our community in the best possible manner in the best way we know. ■XGHANGC YOUR GMIH FOR RONDS OR STAMPS HERS- CROOK'S MARTIN Funeral Home 145 W. Fifth St PHONE 8C5 Ohio end r. Fa. L«mm Furniture—Stoves—Bedding Linoleum Curtains Drapery Rugs Carpets Dinner and Cooking Ware best place to buy after all* i?-- 7. V I. CAST LIVERPOOL OHIO *11 V,’J Victory Clothing Drive To Receive A. F. of L. Support New York Cit/A new UNRRA Victory Clothing Collection begins January 7, 1946, and plans are under way for full participation by members of the American Federation of Labor. The A. F. of L.’s part in the huge national drive will be directed by the Labor League of Human Rights. The League, emphasizing the extreme need for warm clothing abroad, will advise Central Bodies and Local Unions to use methods similar to those prac ticed in the April clothing collection. At tiiat time, the A. F. of L. mem bership played an important part in collecting 150,000,000 pounds of used garments. The International Brother hood of Teamsters, in particular, re ceived widespread recognition for ex traordinary efforts. President William Green is a mem ber of the Victory Clothing Collection Committee headed by Henry J. Kais er. The cbWffliittee has let the national goal at 100,000,000 used garments, as well as shoes and bedding. Potter Murdered (Continued From Page One) sent a fruitcake to the wife of every employee. We had hoped to make this year’s party a dual celebration by honoring our servicemen, but since many of them are still in the service awaiting their discharge, the affair will have to wait until a later date. Local Union No. 50 has an honor roll bearing the names of 90 members who entered the service. So far as we know only one has lost his life.—O. C. 50. WIN 10c INCREASE Sacramento, Calif. (FP).—A blan ket increase of ICc hourly for Sacra mento and other northern California cannery workers went into effect Nov. 1, boosting the minimum hourly pay from 85c to 95c. The increase will continue for the life of the contract between the Cali fornia State Council of Cannery Unions (AFL) and the California Pro cessors & Growers Ascociation expir ing next March 1. ________ Talks to Thursday, December 6, 1945. NOTICE KILNMEN, Officers will be nominated at our meeting on Friday evening, December 7. Election will be held at the following meeting on Fri day, December 14th. on the DIETING FOR UNDERWEIGHT: Write for Information to 'Wfr^A Nothing Cheap, Pleasel New York—(FP)—Any union wish ing to send a little remembrance to* the Natl. Assn, of Manufacturers on its 50th birthday may address it toC Hotel Waldorf Astoria here, where' the NAM will meet Dec. 5-7. w But remember, it s billed as NAM’s Golden Anniversary Congress and wood, lead, tin or silver trinkets willZ not be acceptable. We’ll Pull With You We feel that in each banking transaction whether it be ac cepting the deposit of a customer or extending a personal loan we are not merely serving one in dividual, but helping to set in mo tion a chain of events which will add to the productivity, and wealth of our entire community. ar The First National East Liverpool's Oldest Bank Member F. D. 1 C. Phone 914 WANTED Mouldmaker to block, case and model for Hotel China shop. Excellent opportunity with good sal ary for right man. Address Mouldmaker, Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio. Trade Unionists I Uses of Life Insurance Underweight is dangerous before age 35. Moderate un derweight after 35 is not necessarily unhealthy. When coupled with frequent colds and a general condition of under nourishment underweight is unfavorable at any age. Underweights should build themselves up with starchy foods and sugars such as cereals, bread, potatoes, milk, cream, eggs, butter, green vegetables and fruit. They should slow up, exercise less and learn to relax. They should rest during the day ride more, walk less and sleep more. Hurried eating amidst stress and strain at mealtime should be avoided. A pleasant atmosphere and a congenial frame of mind will help increase the enjoyment and benefit derived from the meals. Underweights should be carefully and periodically examined for lung trouble. A well nourished body is one of the best protections against tuberculosis. Any sudden or continued loss of weight merits prompt investigation by a doctor. The Union Labor Life Insurance Company provides a policy form to fit every purse and purpose for Juveniles and Adufts. Experienced life insurance agenlft will recognize the many opportunities for the sale of our attractive insurance contacts. We also welcome applications from persons interested in entering the life insurance field. The UNION LABOR Life Insurance 'Company MATTHEW WOLL President 570 LEXINGTON AVENUE, NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. A.' syr j?