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:^'. ./'? '!d -A ''J 6, 1945 YOUR JOB AND THE LAW Green And Truman Split On Draft At Legion Rally ABOUT GOOD FAITH What with the many newspaper stories these days about negotiations between unions and employers as to wage increases to make up for loss of take-home pay, much is heard of good faith or the lack of it. The unions claim that the employers are not bargaining in good faith. The employers claim that they are. Why .is the problem important, and is there an answer to it WHAT IT MEANS Employers are required, under the Wagner act, to bargain with unions representing a majority of their employes in an appropriate unit. That, both the NLB and the courts say, means bargaining in good faith. Let’s clear up a few misconceptions. In the first place, the employer is no required to yield to the union’s wage demands. It is possible, legally, for him to take the position that he won’t pay a red cent by way of a wage increase. On the other hand, he can’t legally say that he won’t discuss the matter. Nor, if his argument is that he can’t afford a wage increase, can he take the position that he won’t discuss his profit figures. The point is that he must exhibit an honest desire to reach agreement with the union. If, then, he is HONEST in his refusal—though you might say he is wrong—he is in the clear. A MATTER OF INTENTION The fact of the matter is that far too many employers put on a false face. They may radiate sweetness and light. But their real purpose is some thing else. They don’t want to bargain in good faith at all. They want to break the unions. And they figure this is a swell time to do it. How is this proved? Well, for one thing, there are certain things that the union is entitled to, no matter what. If, as we have said, the union represents a majority in the unit, it is entitled to recognition for everyone in the unit. The employer can’t prop erly say that he will recognize the union only for its members, or that he won’t recognize the union at all. Quite obviously, if the union can’t get THAT much it can’t get anything. It can’t move. And ^so the law backs the union up in this kind of situation. Even though the union still hasn’t got a contract, the company has no right to go over the union’s head and try to deal directly with the employers. It can’t say, for instance, that it won’t recognize the union in the handling of grievances. That’s an unfair labor practice and illegal. UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES It is, in fact, by ’the commission of an unfair labor practice that the un fair employer usually tips his hand. Refusal of recognition is one kind of an unfair labor practice. Dealing directly is another. Another way is by firing union men because of their union activities, or demoting them, or laying them off. Then there’s the boss who takes the position that no matter what agree ment the parties reach in negotiations, the company won’t put the agreement in writing. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Question:—Is there any chance that Congress will pass an amendment to the Wagner act to provide the unions which strike in Violation of a no-strike pledge in a contract will lo/e their lights under the act? Answer:—There sure is. A bill for this purpose is pending right now. This, incidentally, is a piece of proposed legislation which sounds reasonable to those who don’t know what it’s all about. But there’s no question about the fact that, if enacted, it will be abused to the limit, as for example by em- ployers inciting strikes so they can put the unions in the doghouse. Workers would be well advised to write their representatives in Congress to vote against the bill. A clash between President William Green of the A. F. of L. and Presi dent Truman over compulsory military training in peacetime highlighted the annual convention of the American Legion, which wound up this week in Chicago. Truman sent a wire to the parley, reiterating his stand for peacetime conscription, as set forth in his re cent message to Congress on the is sue. He also invited Legion support of his program, and got it, by an overwhelming vote. That vote came after Green, in his regular fraternal address to the con clave, strongly denounced the con scription proposal. He contended that “compulsion has no place in the peacetime life of our country.” If war breaks out in the future, it will be fought with atomic bombs and other terrible “death-spouting ma chines” which could level cities and kill millions through remote control, Green pointed out. Conscription Held Useless He pleaded for united action by all nations to avert such a disastrous conflict, and maintained that Amer ica can prevent a “catastrophe” of that kind by concentrating on de velopment of scientific equipment “to such a high point that no aggressor will dare to fire the first shot.” Large armies will be of no help, he argued. “We cannot defend ourselves or in timidate any future enemy by com pelling all our young men to spend a year of their lives learning how to do squads right and squads left, or how to shoot outmoded rifles,” Green declared. Green also told the convention that w6rkers and former service men are all in the same boat and that job pref erence alone will not assure employ ment for veterans. “Unless there is full employment in America, veterans as well as other workers will suffer,” he asserted. All Day Shift (Continued From Page One) turned from the service since my last letter to the trade. We welcome these boys back at the trade and hope the day is not too far distant that all our buddies are back at the bench. on at Walter Noakes who has been the sick list is reported improving this time. Ralph Evans has returned from East Liverpool where he was called due to the illness of his father. Mr. Evans is confined in a hospital at Rochester, Pa., and his son reports he is improving.—O. C. 22. SECURE WAGE INCREASE New York (FP). A new agree ment was signed by Cafeteria Em ployes Local 3C2, Hotel & Restaurant Employes International Alliance (AFL), with Consumers Cooperative Services, employing about 2C0 work ^ers in seven branches in New York Citf. Gains include an across-the board increase of 9%, one additional paid holiday and a minimum of 65c ..hourly working for miscellaneous workers 40 hours or less. .-■•■« 7 'a. OBITUARY MRS. MARY McKENNA JEWELL Funeral services were held Wed nesday morning at St, Aloysius Church for Mrs. Mary McKenna Jewell who died December 1 at the home of her son, Wayne Jewell, in Sandusky, Ohio. Mrs. Jewell was a duster by trade and was employed last at plant No. 8 of the Homer Laughlin China Com pany. She was affiliated with Local Union 124, National Brotherhood of Operative Potters, St. Aloysius Cath olic Church and the Altar and Rosary Society. She leaves another son, Raymond Jewell of East Liverpool two daugh ters, Mrs. Elizabeth Kelly of Glen moor, and Mrs Marie Jones of East Liverpool two brothers, Joseph Mc Kenna of East Liverpool, and .Lewis McKenna of Riverton, Wyo. three sisters, Mrs. Alex McPherson of Raw lings, Wyo., Mrs. Margaret Wise and Mrs. Gertrude Sullivan of East Liver pool, and 13 grandchildren. Burial was made in St. Aloysius Cemetery. Diplomats Deny They Share Blame For Pearl Harbor This was “diplomats’ week” at the sessions of the Senate-House commit tee investigating the Pearl Harbor disaster. Former Secretary of State Cordell Hull, always a venerable and impres sive- figure, appeared twice on the witness stand. He angrily denied charges that he “pushed the button” which touched off the Jap attack and testified at length to show that Japan was determined on war and could not have been stopped except at the cost of humiliating and dangerous conces sions. Sumner Wells, former Undersec retary of State, did not add much light on the subject, as he said he had little to do with the negotiations with Japan. Joseph C. Grew, who was ambassa dor to Japan before hostilities com menced, and then became Undersec retary of State for a short time, de nied that he told the army’s Pearl Harbor investigating board that Hull “pushed the button.” Was Not Consulted Grew made the surprising state ment that he was not consulted about Japanese events and policy by State Department and administration chiefs in Washington, although he was the man on the ground in Tokyo. Two of the most interested specta tors at the hearings are Armiral H. E. Kimmel and General W. C. Short, who were removed from command at Pearl Harbor after the disaster, as responsible for being caught “flat footed” by the Jap air attack. Kimmel and Short will testify later. Meanwhile, they must wonder why the investigators and witnesses seem to be forgetting the reason for the probe. As k matter of fact, the inquiry is supposed to determine why we were unprepared and surprised at Pearl Harbor, though our government had “cracked” the Japs’ radio and knew they were War, messages begin about to Westinghouse Co. Sparks Drive To Smash Wagner Act New York—(FP).—Fresh proof of industry’s renewed drive to hamstring unions with restrictive legislation came to light here in a proposed law ablishing the Wagner act labor’s Magna Carta—circularized in business circles by Westinghouse Electric Co. The giant electrical monopoly, which has forced its 100,000 employes into a threat of strike action by refusing along with General Electric and Gen eral Motors the United Electrical Ra dio & Machine Workers demand for a $2 daily wage increase, is apparently drumming up support for its legal blockbuster as a reserve blow against the union. Proposals in the Westinghouse bill are an employer’s dream of “satisfac tory” labor-management relations. The Wagner act would be repealed and the NLRB scrapped in favor of a 6-man general labor board. Em ployes’ right to join a union and bar gain collectively is recognized but thereafter virtually all the rights be long to the employer. One dynamite-loaded section grants employers “the right to manage their own plants and properties, choose I their own employes, discharge their I own employes and enjoy full freedom of speech.” Behind these “constitutional rights,” of course, lies the wish to be free to fire union leaders, discriminate in hir ing and propagandize workers against unions. Workers, on the other hand, may not use the right of boycott, “make, publish or issue misleading or untrue statements about the business activi ties or operations of an employer” or “promote strikes when an employer is abiding by a decision of the board or referee on the issue in dispute,other than the issue of closed shop, main tenance of membership, checkoff or compulsory arbitration.” The board itself is forbidden “to impose upon employers a closed shop, maintenance of membership, checkoff, compulsory arbitration, or any other obligations which are inconsistent with the fundamental rights guaranteed by the constitution” or “to interfere with freedom of speech.” In other words, unions would be per mitted to do anything but build and strengthen their organization and im prove the working conditions of their members—if Westinghouse and the other big corporations dominating the U. S. can tie Congress to their purse strings. Decorators Will (Continued From Page One) pend them. We are looking forward for a large turnout at our next meeting when officers will be elected for the new term. Every member should feel it their duty, as well as a privilege, to select those you think best qualified to serve you. Come what may we notice Margaret Curley is always on hand every Tues day evening. Stricken with a bad cold and hardly able to whisper, Margaret attended the meeting and joined in the discussions, using the sign language at times to stress her point.—O. C. 124. in- We know what some women do their spare time, but what do they do when they have no time to spare? 3£ REAL BARGAINS 5 Rooms and bath on Maple St. Price $2600. 7 Rooms, bath and furnace on Mulberry St. $3760. 4-family apartment building $76.00 a month. Price $6,COO. on West Eighth St. Income & s 5 3£ 3£ THE POTTERS HERALD HAPPY IN LOVE w Head over heels and happy in love are Joan Leslie and Robert Hutton, co starring in Warners’ new conwdy-romance, “Too Young To Know,” which is now showing at Ceramic Theater. Dolores Moran, Rosemary De Camp and Harry Davenport are also featured in the film. Ford Lays Off 40.000Workers Detroit (FP). While General Motors wrapped its refusal of a united Auto Workers offer to resume wage talks in a charge of “lawless ness’ against the striking union, the Ford Motor Co., announced a layoff of 40,000 employes at its River Rouge plant and 18 subsidiary parts units. Ford management blamed the lay offs, which were expected to last a week, on a shortage of parts from *15 strikebound plants. Although manage ment claimed the layoffs had no rela tion to the GM strike, some unionists believed the action held the seeds of a lockout and portended stiffening soli darity among the big auto firms. The layoff announcement came at the conclusion of the company’s third conference with the UAW on its 30% wage increase demand. GM’s rejection of the union’s offer to resume wage talks with federal conciliators present virtually ruled out possibility of quick, peaceful settle ment of the strike, which has called a quarter million workers off the job in 20 states. To the,union’s insistence that the company open its books to public in spection, the GM statement replied sharply: “It should be clear to you and all others that we will not nego tiate with your union regarding our selling prices and profits.” Shipbuilding Parley Opens Colorado Springs, Colo.—(FP)—A national shipbuilding conference was opened here Dec| 4 attended by rep resentatives of the AFL, CIO, em ployers and government procurement agencies. The conference will review wages in the entire shipbuilding industry. The last national shipbuilding confer ence was held In Chicago in May 1942, at which zone standards were placed on a more uniform national basis. Sub sequently the Natl. War Labor Board handled wage reviews but because the WLB is now closing up shop, the issue has been handed back to the confer ence. RESOLUTION ADOPTED New York— (FP) The member ship of Seafarers Inti. Union (AFL) adopted unanimously a resolution backing the United Auto Workers (CIO) strike against General Motors Corp. 3. 3£ 3£ 3£ I 3£ Double house on Odgen St.— 4 rooms each side, inside toilet. Price $2600. Double House in East Alley —4 rooms each side and garage, $2460. i 3£ MURPHY & CRAIG HEAL ESTATE BROKERS John Murphy, 602% St. Clair Ave., Phone 2438. Charles Craig, 108 East 3£ 3£ 3£ 3£ Sixth Phone 551-J 1032 PENNA. AVE. Brown Hits AFL Council Bias In 1AM Suspension The protracted dispute betwean the International Ass uJation of Machin ist- and the A. F. of L. Executive Council over the Machinists’ jurisdic tional right? reached a critical stage this week. |i LET YOUR G. I BILL OF RIGHTS TAKE YOU THERE FIRST FEDERAL will be glad to show you how you can buy that “dream house” under the G. I. Bill of Rights’ We’ve been keeping abreast of all the up-to-date information on and will be privileged to pass it on to you. Come in discuss your home purchase plans with our friendly ’You’re never under any obligation here. *. n n nMH5OTO0tt OTOTH 11 il Wf"fr -.' tf w.wi 4% Interest—No Down Payment Up to 20 Years To Pay T71RST FEDERAL 7. Pres dent William Green and Sec retary-Treasurer George Meany of the A. F. of L. notified all city cen tral bodies and state federations of labor that, under instructions from the Executive Council, they must sus pend I. A. M. locals from membership. A. F. of L. departments were directed to do likewise. President Harvey W. Brown of the Machinists replied with a strong state ment. He declared that the suspen sion order “follows a long and sorry series of broken promises, discrimi natory actions and unfair dealings on the part of the A. F. of L. Council in its relations with the Machinists.” “The action is a pressure move, made in an attempt to create division and strife in Machinists’ ranks,” Brown said. ”It is designed to influ ence a January referendum vote by the Machinists’ membership on a course of action for the union in its differences with the A.,F. of L. Coun cil.” Cites Intensified “Raids” In the referendum, I. A. M. mem bers are to vote on whether to sustain the decision of the recent Machinists’ convention to continue withholding payment of per capita taxes to the Federation until such time as union’s jurisdictional rights are re spected. s the Brown pointed but that for years the I. A. M. tried to settle the con troversy within the “house of labor,” but without success. “Raids” by the Carpenters and several other unions on the Machinists’ jurisdiction were intensified and instead of stopping the practice the Council “gagged” Green, preventing him from clari fying the I. A. M. jurisdiction, Brown declared. It did so after the Carpenters made a threat to stop paying per capita taxes unless Green were silenced. Later, the Council, he said, went even further in “embarking on a policy directed toward dismembering the Machinists’ trade.” Each time, the I. A. M. sought a statement on its jurisdiction, “the Council would give the work in question to some other union,” he declared. "7-. Refuse To Take “Licking” “This policy is an open invitation to other unions to try to encroach upon the Machinists’ jurisdiction and trade,” Brown added. “This has de veloped into a situation under which machinists have been compelled to pay tribute to several other unions in order to do their work as machinists.” “Membership of the Machinists’ Union is still A. F. of L.-minded de spite al Ithe discrimination suffered, but it is unwilling,” Brown said, “to turn over the $160,000 deferred per capita, or any additional tax, for a licking it does not deserve.” You Can See the Cream ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SANITARY Used Exclusively i Golden Star Dairy~By Phone 3200 s AV INGS ft LOAN ASSOCIATION IN THE EAST END 7 nrrircoc T. H*. Fisher, Pres., W. E. Dunlap, UrrlCtKo Vic* Pres., A. L. White, Sec'y-Trca*. w i?* ”’f _i- this Bill, soon and. advisors. MAIN 204 Zot -, Comment On World Events On Sept. 1, 1939, the Second World War broke out. Hitlerite Germany at tacked Poland, which heroically faced the teutonic hordes. Today after the ending of this ter rible slaughter between the nations, it can be said that Poland by its fight contributed essentially to the survival of world democracy. The decision to fight Germany was the decision of the wide masses of the Polish people. The defense of Warsaw was the deed of Warsaw workers or ganized in the Socialist Party, and the Trade Unions. What for fought the Polish Nation It fought for its liberty and indepen dence and sumultaneously it fought for democracy and peace for all the nations of the world. Through its brave stand, through its sacrificial effort, through its un flinching fight “Poland became,”—as President Roosevelt said, “an inspira tion to the world.” Poland fought alone, without any outside help, she collapsed under the blows of overwhelming German for ces. But the fight went on. In France the Polish Army was re born, it took part in the war against the Germans. In the occupied country an underground political movement appeared, carrying a merciless fight against the bloody German in\£der. When one remembers the September anniversary, one should not cover with silence the attack of Soviet Russia on Poland. During the heaviest fighting Russia stabbed Poland in her back. No Wage Raise Says Fairless in S. New York—(FP). No wage crease is still the position of U. Steel Corp., its president, Benjimin F. Fairless, informed Sec. of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach. Fearless reiterated the giant steel firm’s objection to granting a $2 daily wage increase in reply to a letter from Schwellenbach asking him to reconsid er his refusal to continue collective bargaining with the union. Schwellen bach asked Fairless to meet union special conciliator, in Washington, Nov. 14. The steel corporation head did not indicate whether he would he present at the Nov. 14 meeting saying he would have to discuss it with his as sociates, but he made it clear that fur ther talks with the union would be futile unless a rise in steel prices was guaranteed. MOSKIN’S tynieouilef money own. (J* (fa S/o S GIFTS & CLOTHES WOMEN'S COATS DRESSES: SHOES LINGERIE: SLIPS HOUSECOATS ROBES: BAGS MEN'S SUITS OVERCOATS SWEATERS: HATS SLACKS: TIES SOX: SHOES WATCHES Soviet army occupied half of the Po lish territory, helping in that way Hitler to crush Polish resistance. The collaboration of Soviet Russia with Hitler is the blackest card in the history of the Soviets. This card cannot be torn out, nor crossed out. The aims for which the Polish peo ple fought were not fulfilled. Poland after terrible casualties, became a vassal state dependent on Soviet Rus sia. Therefore Poland fights on. She fights for the same ideals for which she fought in September 1939, the aims for which fought the Polish un derground movement and the Polish soldier abroad. The forms of the fight are differ ent, but the context remained same: freedom, independence and mocracy. Lest we forget, the victory loan drive for 11 billion dollars closes in a very few days. Our government has a definite responsibility to the wound ed veterans among many other things which requires huge sums of money. Let’s all get in this last big loan and finish the job.—O. C. 6. (flue Jtefi A FUR COAT CREDIT 1.J5 fepMlt CREDIT CLOTHING 419 Market St. A. J. BRUWN, Manager. Si tPAGE FIVE the de Let's Finish (Continued From Page One) civilian life again. The local welcomes By*. “Buddy” Florjanczyk and “Jimmy” Meigh back from the service. “Bud” is taking ad vantage of the government’s offer of sending him to school while “Jim” will probably accept employment in the plant. For the time being, both lads are resting up. •3^ AFL Asks if ICtniinuid From Ptgt One) acted, will serve to restrict voluntary arbitration and may cause the deletion of no-strike clauses in labor-manage ment contracts. OPTOMETRIST •Eyes Examined •Glasses Fitted Office Hears: 9 to S Evenings 7 to 9 gy 502 Market Street ,f.d Over Peoples Drug Stere PHONE: 2378 Office—2264-R, Res.