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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 21, 1946, Image 5

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Thursday, February 22, 1046.'^
(An ILNS Feature)
The hot fight raging around the
nomination of Edwin W. Pauley to
the position of Undersecretary of the
Navy reveals aspects disquieting
both to the foreign and domestic poli
cies of the United States. Regard
less of the action of the Senate in re
jecting or affirming President Tru
eman’s latest appointment, the affair
has a decidedly oily smell. The ob
server’s mind shifts inevitably back
to the years after the first world war
when he same laxity of public morals
and a prevalence of dubious practices
in the circles of the politically mighty
opened the way to the Harding era
and the Teapot Dome, scandal*
While Mr. Pauley’s contention that
he cannot be charged with any wrong
doing may be perfectly justified, that
fact remains that his position as a
big oil man and a heavy contributor
to the Democratic party chest dis
qualify him once and for all from be
ing seriously considered for that im
portant cabinet post. When these
lines appear in print, the issue will
have been decided one or the other
way. Confirmation of Pauley will
simply mean that Congress, and with
it public opinion, has decided to give
the green light to a man who is not
only an active opponent of federal
control of tidewater oil deposits, but
whose very actions are open to sus
picion and mistrust, to say the least.
Still another point needs to be aired
fully, lest the damage to our foreign
relations becomes truly irreparable.
Speaking fromsthe witness stand, the
former petroleum advisor to the State
^Department, Max Thornburg, charged
that Mr. Pauley had a commission of
$6,000 on the contemplated sale of an
American oil tanked to the Mexican
government coming to him, which
.sum was to go to the Democratic
party campaign fund.
According to the witness, the deal
was stopped notwithstanding threats
by Pauley to have him, Thornburg,
“liquidated” for his opposition.
Mr. Truman’s appointee, in turn,
branded the charge “a deliberate,
premeditated lie” and followed it up
with the curious statement that
Thornburg “never at any time wanted
anybody tn fool with Mexico, except
his company and affiliated companies,
Standard of New Jersey and the Shell
group.” He added that the witness
was opposed to anything being done
in and for Mexico until the Mexican
government returned property appro
priated under Mexican law to the af
fected American oil companies.
This issue, in the opinion of this
writer, deserves more public* atten
tion and discussion than a mere brief
paragraph buried in an inner page of
our great dailies. Here- is a case
which is bound to do greater harm to
-:.pan-American relations than a dozen
Hitler disciples. It will play into the
hands of those who profess to believe
that the essence of our pan-American
policy and interests is determined by
Big Business, and not by the Ameri
can people.
Anvone acquainted with
thoughts and temper of Latin Amer
ica Knows only too well that the mo
tives and actions of the United States
are deeply mistrusted. To confirm
by silence that Mexican-American af
fairs are the favorite play ground of
opposing oil interests is to confirm
precisely what the enemies of the
United States and of democracy have
been saying for a long time.
It is time for President Truman
and his palitical friends and advisers
to bury Mr. Pauley’s ambitions as
quickly as possible. Beyond that, it
is their duty to stand up before the
American people, tell us all there is
to know, and let the chips fall where
they may.
Nye Says He’ll Try For
Senate Seat Again
Washington—(FP).— Former
Gerald P. Nye (R, N. D.) who
eliminated by his isolationist
America First past, announced
14 that he would be a candidate for
the Senate in the fall election. Nye,
who opposed the foreign policy of the
Roosevelt administration, was defeat
ed in 1944 after almost 20 years of
The North Dakotan said ho would
let the people of his district deter
mine whether he would run against
Sen. William Langer or Sen. Milton
R. Young, both Republicans. Young is
/filling the unexpired term of the late
Sen. John Moses (D, N. D.) and this
seat will be open for election on June
Rep. Gerald W. Landis (R, Ind.)
also announced he would run for re
election to the House. Landis, a mem
ber of the House un-American com
mittee, has an anti-labor record.
Arthur Jones, President
Of Local Union No. 75
Coshocton, Ohio.—The following are
the new officers of Local Union No.
President, Arthur Jones vice
president, Thomas Stull treasurer and
Tovording secretary, D. 1. Scott fi
nancial secretary, Margaret E. Hold
statistician, Arthur Weaver in
spector, henry Jennings guard, Frank
Mainwaring, Jr. trustees, Violet Fur
nival, Donald Harsha and Russell
nival, Donald Harsha
Duvia.—q, (j. 75.
Printing Trades
Ask Federal Tax
On Radio Ads
Washington (FP).^Workers In
the printing trades industry have
joined in a campaign to bring about
a federal tax on radio advertising
on the grounds that radio chains and
broadcasting stations hold a federal
franchise on which they pay no di
rect levy, while devoting well over
three-quarters of their air-time to
commercial (i. e paid advertising)
The campaign is spearheaded by
the Inti. Allied Printing Trades
Assn, headed by Pres. John B. Hag
gerty of the Inti. Bro. of Bookbind
ers (AFL). Associated in the cam
paign of the group are the Printing
Pressmen, Inti. Typographical union,
Inti. Stereotypers and the Inti.
Photo-Engravers, all of the AFL.
Some 190,000 union members are
affiliated with the movement, and
are employed on newspapers,
azines, business papers and
publications, all of which have been
hurt by the development of radip
advertising since 1928.
Haggerty signed a letter Feb. 12
announcing the campaign to all in
terested unions” on behalf of those
dependent for our livelihood on let
terpress printing.” It pointed out
that letterpress publications devote
at least half of their pages to news
and educational matter, but compete
with a form of national advertising
which, acocrding to one case report
ed by the FCC “devoted 87%% of
its time to commercial programs.”
The AFL official said that in
1928 that letterpress publications
carried 97.2%% of all national ad
vertising, with radio chains and sta
tions getting only 2.2%%. But. by
1942, when newsprint was plentiful,
he said, the radio industry had •jump
ed* to 32%, while the letterpress pub
lications had dropped to 68% of the
total of national advertising.
Haggerty’s letter said tne unus
ually High profits of radio are “made
possible by the holding of a govern
ment franchies from which the gov
ernment receives no dirrect monetary
benefits,” and with a national debt
'of $300 billion, his organization sug
gested that the government “should
collect a franchise tax from these
temporary holders of these govern
ment franchises and that such
moneys should be applied toward the
reduction of the public debt.”
The letter said the legislation
should limit net profits to 15% on
the actual cash investment, with a
limitation of “not more than $25,000
for salary, bonuses, etc., to any
Labor, Veteran
Groups Oppose
USES Transfer
Nelson H. Cruikshank, AFL direc
tor of social -insurance activities, who
accompanied Green, said that state
employment and compensation boards
could work together by sending a
skilled man to a job with low wage
rates, and then cut off his unemploy
ment compensation if he refused to
take it. “The heart of this question is
that state agencies want to control
the labor market. If they can force
people into unsuitable employment
then they can reduce the employers’
tax rates,” he said.
A veteran viewpoint was expressed
by Charles G. Bolte, of the American
Veterans Committee. He said the main
problem of the returning serviceman
was finding suitable employment. “By
attacking the national reemployment
problem on the limited basis of state
boundaries, the veteran would be de
nied those employment opportunities
which lie beyond the boundaries of the
state in which he resides,” said Bolte.
He also said that state political ma
chines would especially like to con
trol employment service jobs with the
1946 congressional elections in the of
Telephone Strike
Recommended To NFTVV
Memphis—(FP). A recommenda­
tion for a national telephone strike
was delivered to the convention of the,
Natl. Federation of Telephone Work
ers (unaffiliated) Feb. 18 by its execu-1
tive board. I
Presidents of local unions affiliated
with NFTW are attending the conven
tion here and went into executive ses
sion immediately to consider the pro
posed strike.
As the N FTW deliberated, reports
from Philhdeiphia said that long line
employes of the American Telephone
& Tblegraph Co., there had walked
out on strike, partially stopping inter
city communications. Bell Telephone
Co., employes, whose service come of
toll lines from Philadelphia were
innucdialtly involved.
An indignant reader scrawled a let
ter to the newspaper PM protesting
its frequent criticisms of the pro-fas
cist New York Daily News, which he
described as “a fine newspaper.”
A P. S. to the letter noted: “Please
excuse the crayon, but they do not
allow us to have sharp objects
Building Tracies
Pact Provides
General Increase
Washington—(FP).—Spokesmen for
veteran and labor groups testified
Feb. 18 against transfer of the U. S.
Employment Service functions out of
federal hands. HR 4437 providing for
the dismemberment of USES into 51
agencies has already passed the House
and is being considered by the Senate
committee and Education and Labor.
AFL Pres. William Green said: “The
measure ... is completely unacceptable
to the AFL as it splits up an essential
ly federal governmental function into
fifty-one state and territorial agencies
without any adequate provisions for
the uniformity of operation pro
cedures, and without any adequate
standards to protect the interests of
workers seeking employment,”
New York—(FP). First general
wage increase for building trades
workers in this area since 1939 was
granted in a 5-year master agreement
signed by the New York Building &
Construction Trades Council and the
New York Building Trades Employ
ers Assn.
Retroactive to Jan. 1, the contract
provides wage increases averaging
slightly less than 15% and ranging up
to 25c hourly for a maximum of 150,
000 workers in the 150 locals affili
ated with the AFL body. It also pro
vides for six paid holidays. Issue of
employers’ contribution of 3% of pay
rolls to a welfare fund remains un
settled pending OPA investigation of
whether it would require a price in
Included in the contract are a no
strike, no-lockout clause and provi
sion for arbitration of disputes arising
under the contract. The agreement
came after 20 months of negotiations
between the council and 'employers.
Settlement wa§ snagged when the
Dept, of Labor’s Wage Adjustment
Board revised downward a wage
agreement reached between the two
groups but labor and employer pro
tests forced a partial reversal.
Opens Friday At
HE ENJOYS IT TOO—AFL members really enjoy taking part in com
munity services, and this picture shows what they mean. Here, Business Rep.
J. H. Smith of San Francisco Building & Construction Trades Council takes
keen interest in tots at Canen Kip Day Nursery. There’s spirit like this in
many communities where AFL organizations isxist.—(Federated Pictures).
It's A
Great System!
By JOHN PAINE. Federated Press
Now that Honest Harold’s gone,
will theyB call Truman’s new nominee
Pious Padley?
Or the Old Oil-Smudge-On?
The State Dept., in rightous indig
nation, denounces the Argentine as
unfit to stay in the UNO.
The State Dept.,'could save itself
a lot of trouble if it wouldn’t keep in
viting those stumble-bums to parties.
“If you Slip on the Ice and Break
your Neck, Blame It on the. UN
Errand Boys’ & Daddy’s Little Help
ers’ Union” said the big sign Mr.
Dilworth planted on a stake on his
front lawn.
“There, I guess that will fix your
wagon with all those soft-headed,
sympathetic neighbors,” said Mr. Dil
“It may fix my wagon,” said Little
Luther, leaning on his own picket
sign, “but it still won’t fix your side
walk.” His sign read: “My Old Man’s
a Scrooge—He Won’t Raise My Al
lowance to Maintain My Standard of
“I’ll tell you what, Luther,” said his
father. “I’ll give you a quarter if
you’ll go to the movies this after
“So you can get some little scab
to come in and do my chores while
I’m gone?” demanded his son. “Noth
ing doing. This picketUne goes on till
you give in.”
“You’re not making a cent this way,
you know, my boy.”
“That’s true, Pop, but on the other
hand I’m not imperiling my immortal
soul by scabbing on the neighbors’
kids, who have already settled with
their reasonable parents for the new,
higher allowance scale.”
“If you were in the house, Luther,
I’d wash your mouth out with soap
every time you used that nasty word,
Mr. Dilworth announced.
“Nasty word?” asked Little Luther.
“Scab, I mean,” said Mr. Dilworth.
“Scab’s a nasty word, all right,”
Little Luther admitted, “but it’s nas
tier to be it than to say it. Why
don’t you run in and bury your nose
in Snow White or the National Geo
graphic if you don’t like ugly words.
You’ll find life very raw on the picket
“Son,” said Mr. Dilworth, “I see
you’re set in your ways of error. What
do you say we arbitrate? We can just
step back in the woodshed and there
“Nuts on that,” said his son. “No
woodshed arbitration. I know that
arbitrator too well, I’ve taken a beat
ing that way too often. We arbitrate
out here in the daylight, or-not at
If Union Label “stock” does not go
up—your wages will come down!
Ceramic Theater
Controlling The
Floods Of Hatred
'fi. -...’At.. :.- .&
When the snows melts on the far
off mountain tops and the spring
rain’ begin to fall, th^n ti e who
dwell by the great rhexs watch for
flood water's. What may be life-giv
ing streams to great parts of our land
are devastating torrents to other
tions. Flood (oeUoi is a vital sub
ject to those .who d-.v-sll in'the low
lands through which /the rivers course.
The goveran -nt engineers have
made great stride* in averting
damage of Zlood. They have bunt
great walls to wall off the rivers
they have reforested great tracts of
land to absorb the wat- th**y
have built great dao s to I o.d ba k
the torrents and to control their flow
into other areas so they may make
fertile great wastes.
All this is n._st essential—but even
more necessary today is a system of
hate control. As the war fades into
the backjrround, our u? ity of pur
pose no ..a.gur seem viudly essential.
As a result there is growing in thi
land of ours increasing hatred and
bitterness between gioops. Shall we
let this flood warp and destroy much
of what we hold dear?
We need to build walls of under
standing to hold trie hatred.- out. For
mutual understanding leads to mutual
trust and in tru.-t there is no ha'o.
We need to reforest the scarred
placej in our minds—scars caused by
hatred, bittrrr.r—, d"’pair, and intol
erance—to reforest them with under
standing, compassion, friendliness and
We ru ed to i n har k the floods of
hate with bulwarks of education—edu
cation in positive democratic living, in
putting into practice in our everyday
life the things in which vre believe.
We need to divert the stream of
hate into useful channels, concentrat
ing it on ideas andideologies, not on
peoples or races—hating only the evil
act or quality. Our hatred must run
between such concrete walls of our
wills, that we will not be guilty of
either injustice or intolerance to any
member of any group merely becau’?
of his race or creed or color, no more
than we would want him to be guilty
of these towards us. Thus and only
thus can we control the flood waters
of hate.
San Diego, Calif—(FP.—Wage in
creases of 10c hourly for almost l,C00
workers in three major tuna canneries
and a 10% boost in piecework rates
were won by the Cannery Workers
& Fishermen’s Union (AFL). New
minimum scales will be 95c an hour
for women und $1.07 for men.
We’ll Qet You
BLOOD Murdered
pfrl-rt.s mean little to Pres. George P.
JI X(-ar of Toledo Peoria & We tern
Railroad (above), a fanatical labor
hater with a long union-busting rec
ord. Tv-? men were kityed and three
wounded when his hiifed thugs fired
fr armored freight into crowd of
alarmed strikers picketing railroad
crossing near Gridley, Ill.—(Federat
ed Pictures)._ __ _________
Concord, N. H.—(ILNS).—In the
municipal elections here, Charles C.
Davie, member of the Printing Press
men’s and As-istants’ union, von the
mayoralty. Ba-il D. French, business
representative of Local 633 Interna
tional Brotherhood of Teamsters, was
elected aiderman.
Flexible an i
rigid arch
styles in ox
fords and
high shoe*
X-ray Fitting
East Sixth Street
Try the New Betsy Ross
Enriched Sandwich Bread
You don I get jounced around by can
less driving, when you go to work or
on shopping trips, riding our buses.
They re spacious enough for com fori,
even if you have to stand and our
operators arc such expert drivers that
you get a smooth ride—and gel where
you’re going on scheduled time
The Valley Motqr
Transit Company
Labor Gets Permits For
3 FM Radio Stations
Washington—(FP). The Federal
Communications Commission Feb. 14
gave a green light to three labor
unions to begin construction of FM
broadcasting stations. Authority to
start work went to the United Auto
Workers for a Detroit station, to the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers for a
station in Rochester, N. Y., and to the
Inti. Ladies Garment Workers for a
Chattanooga, Tenn., station.
Decorating Department
Capable of handling shop decorat
ing fine line of VITRIFIED CHINA
DINNER WARE. Shop located
within three hours travel time of
East Liverpool. Give full details
concerning age, experience, and
salary wanted in first letter.
Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio.
You Can See the Cream
Milk Bottles
Used ExciBMveiy Ay
Golden Star Dairy
Phone 3200
i When Words
Say It With Z
Jf Jkvu,
1$ a
Open Sunday Until Noon

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