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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, March 07, 1946, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1946-03-07/ed-1/seq-2/

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A *5
Polltax Coalition Limits
Housing Law To One Year
Washington—(FP).—Confusion was
added to the nation’s critical housing
picture Feb. 28 when a combined vote
of Republicans and polltax Democrats
added a crippling amendment to the
Patman housing bill. The amendment,
passed by a vote of 145 to 88, limited
the power of Housing Administrator
Wilson Wyatt to one year ending June
30, 1947. Wyatt’s program as original
ly drafted, calling for 2,700,COO homes
for veterans, would require two years
for completion.
The day’s debate featured attacks
from both sides of the floor on OPA,
price control of building materials,
the personal character of Wilson
Wyatt, and so-called “Gestapo” of
government agents checking price con
trol violations—in seeming disregard
of the need of veterans and other
citizens for houses to meet the current
In reply to questions from propo
nents of the Patman bill as to con
structive suggestions for housing ac
tion, price relief on materials was the
only counter-proposal. Rep. Fred L.
Crawford (R, Mich.) quoted testimony
given earlier in the day before the
banking committee by Ralph Flanders,
Vermont manufacturer, claiming “I do
not think that business can live with
price control in its present form for
another year.”
The most open attack on the Wyatt
program met defeat when a motion by
Rep. John E. Rankin (D, Miss.) to
recommit the Patman measure to the
banking committee was voted down
143 to 49. Success of the motion would
have put off consideration of the bill
for the rest of the session, but this
was even too much for half the Repub
licans and most of the polltaxers to
Democratic floorlead'T John W. Mc
Cormack (D, Mass.) in an impassioned
address charged that “a powerful and
invisible lobby” was operating in
Washington against the housing bill
with its real aim to lift all price con
trol. He pointed out that the present
housing Shortage could be traced to
refusal of previous sessions of Con
gress to pass sufficient appropriations
for low-cost housing in past years,
which he and others had strongly
Brown Fails In
Attempt To End
4-Monfh Strike
San Francisco—(FP).^-Attempt
Pres. Harvey W. Brown trf inti. Assn,
of Machinists (uqaffiliated) to get
members of Lodge 68 to vote on a
settlement of their 4-month strike end
ed in failure when the strikers booed
Brown and other executive board
members out of their meeting hall.
The meeting was called by Brown
without consulting with Lodge 68 of
ficials, who promptly challenged the
legality of the move. Throughout the
40-minute meeting noise filled the
hall, drowning out Brown’s efforts to
put a proposal for ending the strike
before the membership. The I AM
leader finally adjourned the meeting
and told reporters later that he had
never experienced such a situation in
all his years in the labor movement.
He acused a “small minority” of
creating the tumult, adding that he
was convinced “the majority was ser
ious in wanting to fiear the? proposals
and take a vote.” The strike, which
began last Oct. 29, covers some 12,000
machinists in the bay area who belong
to both Ixdge 68 and Local 1304,
United Steelworkers. Main strike de
mand is for a 30% wage increase.
A main point of difference between
the 1AM and Lodge 68 is the latter’s
close cooperation with the steelwork
ers local. Brown called Local 1304 “a
dual CIO machinists union” and said
Lodge 68’s closeness to it was one of
the reasons why the 1AM had not
sanctioned the strike. The other was
failure to obey the coqling-off period
of the 8mith-Connally act.
Brown also said he expected Lodge
68 to accept any wage agreements
reached by the Pacific Coast Ship
building Stabilization Conference, now
in session here. Lodge 68 hud pre
viously announced it planned to oper
ate independently of any conference
U. S. Asks Delay
(Continued From Page One)
Sources,” and that von Strempel told
a State Dept, investigator recently
that “he had information on still other
payments of Nazi money in this coun
A third angle which Rogge wants
to develop abroad in\olves the intell v.’
tual fascist,
.charges that
from the fail
of 1942 over
receipts from all sources. A long docu
mentation of Dennis’ financial affairs
is included in the motion, together
with three explanations by Dennis of
bow he got the money.
Lawrence Dennis. He
Dennis spent
of 1940 to the spring
and above his known
The one underscored by Rogge
claims he “occasionally played eard
with members of the German rmbnsy
and that he won some money this way.
The government cL that the story
is at least closer to the truth.”
Dennis spent his “extra” monej,
mostly in the form of 320 bills, and
thus avoided using hi« own checking
account which itself showed expendi
tures for 1941 of over 318,800. The
government alleges that it beliim^
Dennis received the money “from
Jleribert von Strempel.”
.....* f....ry. .... ..........
eran’s need for housing is a poor sec
ond to uncontrolled profits of real
estate lobbyists who, with Republicans
and polltax Democrats, are combining
to cripple the Patman housing bill con
taining vital emergency program of
Housing Administrator Wilson Wyatt,
above. ‘Communist’ is their label for
the program creating 2,700,060 low
cost homes and holding ceilings on ex
isting homes and real estate.—(Feder
ated Pictures).
There are a lot more people paying
taxes today than ever before. And it
is supposed to be very funny to joke
about the subject in a bewailing sort
of way.
I don’t find a joke about taxes at
all humorous. I just don’t happen to
think we should joke about something
that should be taken seriously.
No, I don’t like a curtailed income
better than anyone else—but, some
how, reading the great mass of re
ports of conditions overseas that come
to my desk each day, has made me
see this in a different light.
Taxes are one of the few ways in
which every citizen can participate in
the government.
Taxes are a contribution every free
born' man and woman can make to
the freedom which has given him and
her an opportunity to earn a living.
Taxes are an insurance against
slavery. They keep the brutal heel of
the conqueror from pressing against i
the neck of any man or woman in this
Taxes are a tangible expression of
our faith in the democratic processes,
in equal justice for all before the law,
in the way of lift* which is evolving
for the first time on earth equal op
portunity for every man and woman
according to his or her talents.
Taxes are every citizen’s obligation
—laid as fairly as is possible upon
every person able and willing to earn
his way. Tax-shirking and tax dodg
ing aren’t American. It’s like cheating
yourself—because you, too, are Ameri
Taxes are the price of liberty. To
pay taxes is a privilege not a penalty.
It is a proof of fitness. You should
take pride in your ability to earn!
enough to pay a man's sized tax.
Slaves do not pay taxes. Only free
men pay thpm.
That is how I feel. And I don’t
think I’m different from anyone else.
Let's not take this tax-paying light
Let us instead think of the suffer
ing, starving people all over the world
—and be glad we have the privilege
and the opportunity of paying our
own way!
GM Turns Down
(Continued From Page One)
fact-finding board and reinstatement
of the contract canceled by GM.
Thomas said the.company’s sugges
tion of a membership vote was an
“unwarranted interference in the af
fairs of a democratic union” and was
probably “an infraction’’ of the Wag
ner act. Joining Thomas in his blast
against the company, UAW Vice Pres.
Walter P. Reuther said:
“It has taken GM 26 hours and near
ly 1,000 words to say ‘no’ again to ar
bitration. This is consistent with the
pattern this giant corporation has fol
lowed since the beginning of the cur
rent controversy.
“It supports the well-merited
charge that it contemptuously disre
gards the interests and welfare of
its employes and the nation when
those interests run counter to GM’s
j. i s*d for profits and power.”
Try the New Betsy Ross
Enriched Sandwich Bread
Green Assails
li $'(Continued From Page One)
antiunion employer and to improve
the standards qpd conditions of his
who may be engaged in delivering
the goods used by that arbitrary em
employes yet the u nion members
ployer may not assist their own union
and fellow-members by refusing to
make or deliver those goods.
“The second prohibition is against
a concerted refusal to use or handle
articles of an employer in order to
compel him to recognize one labor or
ganization where he has a collective
bargaining agreement with another.
“Here again there is a clear and
complete prohibition of the right to
strike, in direct violation of the free
dom secured by the Thirteenth
Flays “Extremes,. Absurdities’*
“The third prohibition is against
concerted refusal to work on the com
modities of any employer who has
made such commodities ‘during the
existence of a contract with a labor
union certified ... by the National
Labor Relations Board.’ The ex
tremes and absurdities of this provi
sion are beyond adequate descrip
“Consider, for example, the case of
an employer having several plants,
each of which works on or processes
the same items. Under this prohibi
tion the existence of a board certifi
cate and a contract covering one
plant would make it unlawful for the
employes of all the other plants to
strike for recognition, for higher
wages or for any other plainly law
ful abjective.”
Charges Gratuitous Insult
He attacked Section 4 of the bill,
which would forbid strikers and lock
outs for 30 days in disputes where
the proposed labor-management me
diation board assumed jurisdiction,
and said he wondered why there was
repeated emphasis on “cooling-off”
“I should have thought,” he as
serted, “that the farcical experience
of the Smith-Connally Act was
enough. The implication that unions
usually strike in heated moments and
in total disregard of the welfare of
both their own members and the pub
lic is gratuitously insulting and whol
ly unfounded.”
Named Ta Labor
Advisory Group
Washington (FP). A national
program of labor education aimed at
training capable union leadership in
both the AFL and CIO has been set
up by the Dept, of Labor to help chart
a course for industrial peace.
Named to the new labor education
advisory committee by Sec. Lewis
Schwellenbach were five representa
tives each of the AFL and CIO.
AFL: Director of Research Florence
C. Thorne Director of Organization
Frank P. Fenton Director of Social
Insurance Activities Nelson H. Cruik
shank Research Director Marion
Hedges, Inti. Bro. of Electrical Work
ers and Sec. Treas. James Brownlow
of the Metal Trades Dept.
CIO: Industrial Union Council Di
rector John Brophy Research Direc
tor Kermit Eby Publicity Director
Vincent Sweeney, United Steelwork
ers Educational Director Lawrence
Rogin, Textile Workers and John Ko
walski, educational consultant, Michi
gan CIO council.
Schwellenbach said that the long
range importance of the committee
cannot be overemphasized. “An intelli
gent program of labor education di
rected both toward the training of ca
pable union leadership and a member
ship well informed in the rights and
responsibilities of unionism, can do a
great deal to forestall labor disputes
and promote better labor-management
It was stressed by the federal offi
cer that the pattern will be so worked
out that the government may assist i
unions, state institutions and other
worker-education groups without “in
any way encroaching on the tradition
al American attitude of keeping fed
eral participation to a minimum com
mensurate with the welfare and needs
of the people.”
Conciliators Step
Into Meat Dispute
Los Angeles—(FP).—Demands that
26 independent meat packers and nine
processors raise pay rates of 3,000
A FL workers 20c an hour with equal
pay for women are before the U. S.
Conciliation Service.
The independent association offered
5c more an hour, with an additional
11c contingent on a price rise or sub
List Your Property
For Sale
Murphy & Craig
Real Estate Brokers
John Murphy, 60216 St. Clair
Ave., Phone 2438.
Charles Craig, 108 East Sixth
St., Phone 551-J.
We are daily receiving calls for
residence property in all parts
of the city. List your property
with reliable brokers.
'-. n'l
It was expected that the committee
in its report would lay down a hew
pattern in city-employe relations in
which the right of unions to engage in
genuine collective bargaining with city
departments would be established.
Creation of a city department to han
dle labor relations problems was con
sidered likely.
From authoritative sources Feder-
Drive Started
(Continued From Page One)
duties to the American
Substantial Victory Seen
In N. Y. Transit Agreement
New York—(FP).—Despite 24 hours
of hysterical newspaper headlines,
stories and editorials to the contrary,
New York transit workers won a sub
stantial victory Feb. 26 in the formula
which settled the threatened Trans
port Workers Union strike against all
city-owned transit lines.
Beneath the smokescreen of care
fully worded “defeat” headlines was
the solid fact that for the first time
in autonomy of the 'reactionary, anti
labor Board of Transportation had
been bypassed, with Mayor William
0‘Dwyer pledged to heed recommen
dations of a committee of five promi
nent labor experienced persons who
will hear the union’s demands for a
wage increase and improved working
The Board of Trfitispdttation, fol
lowing the settlement, cancelled the
remainder of a series of scheduled
meetings with groups claiming to rep
resent units of subway and elevated
workers. It was learned that O’Dwyer
called Board Chairman Gen. Charles
P. Gross to city hall to read him the
agreement. The mayor accused Gross
of provoking the strike crisis and told
the general to accept the agreement
“or else.”
That the committee would recom
mend a substantial wage increase for
the 32,000 workers involved and in
dorse other union demands was con
sidered a foregone conclusion, accord
ing to those who participated in the
feverish night-long negotiations which
led to the 11th hour settlement.
Cross,” he stated.
“Most wartime functions, caring for
the ne*ds of U. S. servicemen in com
bat areas, had to be continued in oc
cupation zones. In addition, a host of
new demands for services in behalf
of veterans and their families, pa
tients in government hospitals, and
millions of hungry, tattered and
homeless war veterans in Europe and
Asia created problems that give added
point to the slogan, ‘War is never
over for the Red Cross’.” I
Linoleum Curtains
Drapery Rugs Carpets
Dinner and Cooking Ware
Convenient Terms
nurse x/isuau* uarnples Emory Clark, a striking groom (arrow), as snooty
Santa Anita racetrack in Los Angeles becomes a new background for strike
breaking. Four striking stablehands were jailed when turf club determined
to run scheduled races despite walkout—but not the scab who rode Distaff.
—(Federated Pictures).
ated Press learned that the issue of
sole collective bargaining rights, over
which newspapers and the mayor
raised the greatest hue and cry, may
be bridged to the satisfaction of the
union iri the final settlemen. It was
abandonment of this demand by TWU
which afforded the press its greatest
anti-labor field day in years. The
mayor, FP was informed, is willing
and anxious to find a formula which
would allow the TWU its maximum
rights in this direction within the
framework of state statutes while at
the same time provide him face-saving
protection from attacks by the press.
It was this face-saving factor, ac
cording to FP’s source, which was the
greatest obstacle to a settlement. In
the background was the union’s re
cent victory when in the face of a
strike threat O’Dwyer agreed to block
the projected sale of city-owned tran
sit power lines to the Consolidated
Edison Co. Attacked viciously by the
press for yielding to the union at that
time, the mayor felt called upon to
show the TWU “who was boss” in the
current negotiations.
Too Expensive To
Shelter Fascists
The trouble, Eugene Egli, hotel cat
ering manager, told Chicago Civil Lib
erites Committee leaders, was that “we
had to pay the police more for pro
tection than we got from the meet
Egli made the statement after re
fusing to rent a banquet room to the
Negro Museum & Historical Founda
tion. According to Egli, the hotel will
not rent to any Negro organization or
any outfit listed as “fellow travelers”
by the Chicago Tribune.
No objections were raised by the
hotel, however, when We The Mothers
Mobilize for America Inc., held its
convention there last June in violation
of ODT regulations. The fascist-tinged
organization concluded its convention
with a vote of thanks to Avery Brun
dage, chairman of the hotel’s board
and its major stockholder, for giving
it space after the Skyline Club refused
it a hall. Brundage was once active
in America First and head of the U. S.
Olympic Games committee which took
teams to the Nazi-sponsored games
in Berlin.
Burns Agency
Turns Tail
L. U. 190 To Hold
(Continued From Page One)
tee announced that a dance has been
scheduled on that evening. Refresh
ments will be served, and a gala time
is assured all. The committee has
worked hard to make the party a
success, so let’s do our part and be
present on next Friday night.

Chicago—(FP). Management
the LaSalle Hotel is sorry it let Ger
ald L. K. Smith hold a meeting there
last fall. But not because Smith is a
fascist or because he made anti-Semi
tic and unAmerican remarks at the



"■K 4‘ 5?
Unions Protest*
St. Paul, Minn.—(FP). Labor
scored an important victory in the
fight to prevent the Burns Inti. Detec
tive Agency from renewing its anti
union esponage in Minnesota. Vigor
ous union protest, resulted in the
agency withdrawing its application for
a license.
The Burns agency, whose infamous
union-busting activities had been
thoroughly exposed in Senate investi
gating committee hearings, was ban
ned from the state by the Farm-Labor
administration in 1938. An effort of
the agency to get a licdhse through
the Republican administration in 1941
was blocked bj£ prompt labor protest.
The new Burns application filed in
January with the secretary of state,
in line with porvisions of an act passed
by the 1945 legislature, was countered
with a documented petition of ob
jection presented by Roger S. Rut
Commenting on the victory, Rut
chick stressed the need for unions to
remain alert in view of the probability
that the Burns agency will make an
other effort to win legal status here.
“A free people must be ever vigil
ant,” he said. “This is a magnificent
victory for the workers trade union
organizations. It is based upon the
right of workers to bargain collective
ly and to enjoy the fullest expres
sion of democratic rights in their
unions, free from the anti-democratic
intimidation and coercion of spies and
i March 7, 1946
823 Increase For
Detroit Teachers
Y.M.C.A--Boy Scout-Girl Scout
Joint Fund Campaign
Detroit-—(FP).— Members of the
D®}ro‘tl. Teachers Federation (AFL)
ana others in the city school system
jy11* Ket 323 a month more in wages
th® board of education
et‘ a^er l°ng and sustained pres
sure. Teachers with a bachelor’s de
^Te® start at $3530 for 10 months
work. Those with a master’s degree
will get 33630. ,A
Almost the. entire cost is coining
out of state aid to Detroit schools.
Maintenance and lunchroom em
ployes also received raises either by
reclassifying them or putting them
on a salary instead of hourly basis.
“We are disappointed,” commented
Pres. Florence Sweeney of the federa
tion, “that teachers didn’t get the 15'A
raise given to other city^employ^iJ\j
Every woman of every age ap- i
predates the proud perfection
of exquisite flowers. We have a 1
variety of the loveliest in sea
son for her home, for her
table, for her to wear!
Call tis by phone arid we will
take every care with your order
or come out and choose it your
self. You are always welcome at
Anderson Blvd. Phone 714
Open Evenings Until 5 p. m.
Closed Wednesday Afternoon
and Evening.
Thanks Potters
The Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts and the Y. M. C.
A. sincerely thank all of you, who through your
generosity, helped to make this campaign a com
plete success. ,s
Your gifts made it possible for these three
worthy organizations to function. You have made
a splendid investment—an investment in the*
boys and girls of our community..
Advance Shewing
Open your dccouni.
Take Month* to pay.
Figure flattering, new
smart belted coats for
Spring are a sure fire
success. We just received
our advance shipment.
They’ll be scarce later
on. Choose yours to


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