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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, July 11, 1946, Image 1

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VOL. XL, NO. 11
packers openly boasted of “killings”
from $100,060 to a half million.
Landlords jacked up rents higher
and higher, some now as high as 500
per cent. Frantic tenants facing evic
tion beseiged the mayor, the city
council, the police department, the
governor. An ex-GI and his wife ap
peared before a juvenile judge and
offered their small baby for adoption
because they had been evicted from
their apartment and could find no
place to live where the baby would
be accepted. A pregnant woman col
lapsed after her landlord shut off the
water because her GI husband had ob
jected to having their rent raised
from $20 to $40 a month. In the rush,
a lawyer for a real estate dealer sud
denly realized he had drafted an evic-
In Atlanta, butter, long missing
from the stores, reappeared at $1 a
pound. In Macon a poultry dealer
tried to buy fryers at the old 31c ceil
ing, was told he could have them for
38c a pound.
(Turn to Page Two)
Hourly Factory
Pay Found Above
Wartime Peak
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Gross
average hourly earnings of produc
tion workers in manufacturing hit an
all-time high mark of $1.06 in April,
with a further rise to $1.07 indicated
for May, the Bureau of Labor Statis
tics, U. S. Labor Department says.
The April average is 1 cent above
the wartime peak in January, 1945,
although there was a relatively short
week of 40.6 hours and comparatively
few overtime hours at premium rates.
Weekly earnings averaged $42.92 in
April, about $4.50 below the peak in
January, 1945, but considerably high
er than at any time since V-J Day.
The work week in April was almost 5
hours below the January, 1945, av
erage of 45.4 but about the same as
at V-J Day. Weekly earnings in the
non-durable goods group are $3.50
above the V-J Day level, while in the
durable, goods group they are at
about the e*me level as in August,
Gross average hourly earnings in
the non-durable industries have been
steadily rising as a result of rate in
creases to the 98.8 cents level in
April. Preliminary reports indicated
(Turn io Page Two)
One week after OPA’S death a gasping American 'p&ople
watched prices and rents go up in roaring flames of inflation, swal
lowing wartime prosperity and threatening the framework of
future security.
In Washington Congress worked cynically over the wording
of a new OPA bill that promised to be as phony as the one recently
vetoed. Back home people in desperation organized their demands
for adequate price protection.
In Denver, hamburger sold for 90c a pound, butter for 95c.
You could still get it for less if you looked, but on the ‘free market’
you had to look pretty hard. Meat,***
which had been kept in packers’ freez
ers, suddenly appeared in stores and
Food Prices And Rents Skyrocket
As OPA Controls Are Abandoned
Washington, D. C.—Bearing out the
warnings of President Truman and
AFL President William Green
removal of price controls would
.prices skyrocketing, the soaring
'modity markets of the nation
the American people their first full
taste of unbridled inflation.
Monday, first day of abandonment
of price controls since OPA came into
being during the war, saw prices in
the grain, meat and other farm pro
duce and metal exchanges soar above
17 to 27-year record highs.
The Western States Meat Packers’
Association, which claims 90 per cent
of the business done by independent
packers in nine Western States, an
nounced a price jump of 20 per cent
above ceiling prices on all grades of
meat, and E. C. Forbes, president of
the association, said prices of top
grades will rise 30 per cent.
v Price of butter here in the nation’s
jt» «r.
People Stage Fightl
For Price Control As
Costs Hit New HigHs
Extension Of Price
Control By Senate
Urged By Green
tinue to mount. The remedy for this
lies with Congress. I urge you to ap-
ply the remedy immediately by en-1
acting temporary price control legis- 1
Low Wage Standards
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—As
telegrams and letters urging renewal
In a telegram to all members of the
Senate, President Green said:*
“I appeal to you and all members
of the Senate to act favorably on "Y
price control legislation as quickly as|'
possible. The spiral of inflation is
mounting. The cost of living is |wr ff
ascending because rent and price con- (j\l
trjlu over cominodUies which ferious-t
ly affect cost of living have been
abolished. J’
“Labor unrest, discontent and per-
haps strikes will take place through-
out the nation in event prices con-
lation mome“V»l Huntington Park, Calif.-At t...
unnec s y ay. [regular meeting of Local Union No.
A drive to pass stop-gap price con- (201, the following officers were elect
trol legislation in the Senate was re- (e(j for the ensuing term: Bently Pope,
ported abandoned, as administration (president Felix Zuvanich, vice presi-'
leaders began to work on a long- |dent l# Sullivan, treasurer Ever
range measure to be substituted for |e^ Marshall, financial secretary Mar
the bill vetoed by President Truman, (garet Dowd, recording secretary
The House on July 1 approved an ex- |carl Jones, guard Drew Burchette,
tension of the old OPA law until July (inspector Wm. Withrow, statistician.
20 but Senator Barkley, majority installation of officers will take
leader, contended it would be useless (place at the next meeting. It is the
to try to pass a similar resolution in (duty of every member to be present,,
the Senate. He contended it would Lo 8}1OW our newly elected officers the
take no longer for Congress to pass a (local membership is behind them 100
full-fledged substitute for the vetoed |per cent.
bill, since an emergency measure Attendance at the meetings has
would be subject to the same delaying tow in the past We hope to
tactics on the Senate floor. (more members taking an active part
(in the affairs of the organization.
Tn inn Airrppmpnt Dpnfa lThis 0311 1x8 done by attendin» the
union Agreement vents
South Shaftsbury, Vt. (ILNS).—| (Turn to Page Six)
Again carving an upward step in the 1
rock-bottom wage standards of this
region, Local 645, Upholsterers’ In
ternational Union, has negotiated a
new agreement for employees of the
Eagle Square Manufacturing Co.
Chief gains include extension of paid I Beloit, Wis. (FP)—Almost
vacations to include a second week, (members of Local 1533, United
Hogs gained from $2.50 to $3.65lr\ff«
7^. ws
I 4 1
of OPA continued to flood Congress,
President William Green of the
American Federation of Labor urged Y
speedy Senate approval of at least
temporary price control legislation. /.wTwBME
A 1
Installation Scheduled
6 I meet
boosting of minimum rates to 65c (workers on strike since Jan. 21, voted
hourly, upward adjustments in piece |at a mass meeting here to turn down
work prices and establishment of the Fairbanks Morse Co.’s latest set
minimum hourly rates for piece klement offer. A hangover from last
workers when assigned to day work, (winter’s nationwide steel strike, the
(walkout is the largest one under way
(in steel at present.
'fhe union members voted behind
(their leaders, Dist. 82 Director Meyer
(Adelman, Rep. W. O. Parker and lo
capital jumped overnight to 94 and and strike committeemen,
98 cents a pound. Maryland and Vir- |}n rejecting the offer for an 18%ci
ginia milk producers met to discuss (hourly increase and a $50 back to
a 3-cent increase per quart. (work bonus.
Cotton climbed $4 a bale in New Among the reasons are accumulated
York and $5 a bale in New Orleans, grievances and company failure to ob
Wheat in Chicago reached a 27-year |serve a WaI Labor Board decision over
high, up $2.12 a bushel. In Kansas (Turn to Page Two)
City it rose in one day from $1.87 to
$2.09, almost 12 per cent.
per hundredweight, an increase of 15 |VFIllce 111
to 21 per cent since Saturday. Rome, Ga. (FP)—The AFL opened
Frightening as were the reports (an office here and began preparations
of greatly increased food prices, they (for launching a membership drive on
couldn’t compare with the spectacu- (a large scale, George L. Googe,
lar rise in rents. (southern representative, announced.
So startling were the rent increases The Rome area office will operate
that four States immediately froze (with the Atlanta headquarters of tho
rents at the OPA ceilings. Gov. Mau-(AFL’s southern campaign to organize
rice Tobin of Massachusetts, Acting (one million new members. A number
Gov. Hadyn Proctor, New Jersey, Gov. (of textile mills and other industries
Chauncey Sparks, Alabama, and Gov. are located in Rome and the north
(Turn to Page TwoX
i (meetings and helping the officers
(carry on the business.
I The Pottery is working to capacity
Strikers Reject
Company Offer
AFL Opens New Georgia
nrivp I
western section of Georgia.
ftljt Mcr^tald
.......... ‘i *. ......*.............'r\ .,. .4............ ., & _.* ..'’ .\ .e.T Z 4/.........
Sensational Results From ProbeYEARPER$2.00■Hr'3’.
a ^-1
IJtlieClGCl DV
(v at—
w VB
Studio UiiiiiK Win^
Two^Dorf Strike
Against Producers
Hollywood (FP)—A two-day strike
against Hollywood producers ended
here with the Conference of Studio
Unions (AFL) winning its major de
mands. Agreement on a new two
year contract running to January
1948 provides for reopening of wages
next January if the U. S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics shows more than a
5 per cent increase in the cost of liv
ing since July 1.
Other gains registered by the strik
ers include a 25 per cent wage in
crease and a cumulative 36-hour
week for 6-hour-day employees. The
settlement leaves studios free to hire
machinists from either International
Association of Machinists (unaffiliat
ed) ranks or from AFL federal locals,
which were chartered after the IAM
left the federation. Final decision on
jurisdiction will be left to a future
NLRB election.
Although only painters, set design
ers, carpenter and story analysts
struck, similar contracts will be
signed covering cartoonists, publi
cists and machinists until the long
standing jurisdictional issue is set
tled by,the NLRB.
The agreement was announced
jointly by Byron Price for the pro
ducers, CSU President Herbert K.
Sorrell and Roy Brewer, international
representative for International Al
liance of Theatrical Stage Employees
(AFL), indicating a durable peace
may have been readied if a clause
stating “all new contracts shall
pledge 4he local unions to settle dis
putes among unions by arbitration”
is observed.
(Credit for the quick settlement was
attributed to the effectiveness of the
picket lines, which virtually closed all
major studios.
Washington (FP)—Over the pro
test of both the AFL and CIO, Presi
dent Harry S. Truman signed the
Hobbs bill, placing new and drastic
restrictions on labor unions.
In signing the so-called “anti
racketeering” bill, Truman declared
Attorney General Tom C. Clark had
assured him that it would in no way
interfere with “the rights of unions
to carry out legitimate objectives.”
Carrying of fines up to $10,000 or
up to 20 years in the penitentiary, the
Hobbs law prohibits unions or union
officials from making a “burden on
interstate commerce” by “robbery or
extortion.” Labor leaders of both
AFL and CIO have insisted that its
provisions block normal activities,
such a? picketing and striking against
employers engaged in interstate com-
'FChfcrle* EE
Vital Information For
Members 65 Or Over
Here is how it works: Suppose John (__ TA.
Doe, age 65 or older, is laid off from
employment covered by Social Se-|l)r.
curity. Ordinarily he would be
titled to weekly payments from
(Turn to Page Six)
nOW l\QIS6l* I
it ■llems
[pUrjliQ frCr uCFiOQ
9 Iplete, production was the big
Washington (FP)—The Henry J. pacing the nation at this time.
Kaiser interests held ship production I ‘*The country is producing
facilities by the end of 1944 that were (goods and services in terms of 1941
larger than the entire shipbuilding in- (dollars now than before the war, but
dnstry of the country in 1989. |the supply is still inadequate,” Dr.
The u. s. shipbuilding industry in
1 Q.QQ amnlnvaH nnlv A7 fiAO wnrkprs in I
1939 employed only 67,000 workers in
Violation Of Wage-Hour
..... “'.I
(Urge Action To
Stop Withholding
Goods From Market
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Gov
ernment action against industry and
producers withholding goods from the
market for higher prices was urged
on President Truman in a telegram
from Harvey W. Brown, president of
the International Association of Ma
Brown suggested using charges of
violation of the War Labor Disputes
Act as an instrument for reaching
(those responsible for shortages. His
I telegram was sent several days be-
.— (fore President Truman, in Tiis radio
(message explaining his veto of the
Uvllwllld (OPA extension bill, disclosed that he
—. (had asked Attorney General Clark “to
(make an investigation of some of the
(factors involved in our present short
ages to determine whether anyone is
(criminally responsible for them and
The following information from the I “Results of those goods withhold
Youngstown office of the Federal So- |*nff strikes are more paralyzing and
cial Security Board is of vital im- far-reaching than any of the strikes
portance to all members who are 65 (conducted by organized labor,” Brown
years of age or over. (pointed out.
Mr. Pittenger, manager of the “We submit that the withholding of
Youngstown office of the Social Se- (products from the market without no
curity Board, states that his experi- |tice violates the War Labor Disputes
ence in handling hundreds of claims |Act as much as the withholding of
for retirement benefit payments has (labor by employees. We urge your
shown that many persons are failing (intervention in an effort to prevent
to get the maximum amount from (further harm and privation to the
Social Security and Unemployment (public. Since your administration in
Compensation combined. This is due (tervened in recent labor disputes, we
to the belief on the part of many re- (deem this request for like treatment
tiring workers that they cannot re-(of industry and producers both time
ceive both Old-Age Insurance and (ly and appropriate,” Brown’s tele
Unemployment Compensation at the (gram said.
same time.
the resPmsiwliv where it
Maj01’ Disputes Ended,
Steelman Believes
the I Washington, D. C. Dr. John
a lof the opinion that labor and manage-
This demonstration of how Amer- (steelman said.
ica’s industrial might was moved into |.................................................................. ...
the war is cited in the report of the I n A us
Smaller War Plants Corp, to the Sen-1
ate Spiall Business Committee. .«
yards worth $162 million. New York City (ILNS). Should
By the end of September, 1944, (community chests and social agencies
Kaiser held production facilities to-(give aid to strikers? This question
taling $168 million and had received (was discussed in a recent article in
5.2 per cent of all the U. S. contract (channels, a magazine published by
awards, or $1,384,400,000, and at the (the National Publicity Council for
wartime peak the entire industry was (Health and Welfare Services.
employing 1,900,000,000 workers. As a guide to a solution of this
(dilemma, the article points to
(increasingly popular viewpoint
«... A KO |hunger is not an ethical weapon in
Law Costs Company $3,45U I
.. ............ ....
War Contractors On
Lush Salaries Mulct
U. S. Of Huge Slims
I Washington (FP)—A peep into the truth atiout who got rich
(out of World War II and how it was done is being given the exploit
(ed American public in the Senate War Investigating Committee’s
(probe into the army’s contracts with 19 relatively small operators.
While the present show is chicken feed, Senator James Mead
(D., N. Y.), chairman of the committee, promised that he would go
(into the situation fully and expose all the facts for a full report.
I The first two days of testimony developed three minor sensa
(tions with a promise of more to come:
1—Four men holding offices in eaeh of the 19 concerns cut
Steelman, Director of War Mobiliza
Ition and Reconversion, declared he is
merit have settled their major prob­
and that, with the physical re-
Iconversion of war plants about
settling labor disputes,” and quotes
New York City (ILNS).—The Ala- |an advertisement that appeared re
bama Clothing Co., Inc., of 2552 At- |cently in an Erie County, Pa., paper
lantic avenue, Brooklyn, was fined (in which the Erie County Community
$3,450 by Judge Grover M. Mosco-1 Chest stated its policy on extending
witz in Federal Court, Brooklyn, after (services of member agencies to strik
a plea of guilty to violating the fed- (ers.
eral wage-hour law. To Act On Basis Of Need
The company had been charged “The social and welfare organiza
with failing to pay employees the|tions,” the advertisement said, “will
minimum wage of 40 cents an hour, (continue to act on the sole basis of
time and a half for overtime and with (need. They cannot become partisan
keeping false wage-and-hour records, (nor can they sit in judgment. Estab-
—---------"♦themselves in for over $1.3 million in
salaries over a 42-month period.
2—Exercising a provision in the
war contracts law, one of the com
panies applied for a partial payment
on its work that the committee was
told July 3 represented
payment of $1,010,315.77
total of $3,846,700.
3—Chairman Andrew J.
After May phoned Maj. Gen Wil
liam N. Porter, wartime chief of the
chemical warfare service, Porter told
another officer thuat May “had strange
ideas” and “sometimes makes trou
Edward Schaeffer of the Govern
ment's general accounting office, tes
tified that the four officials served
firms that held war contracts worth
(Turn to Page Six)
Senate Approves
Bill To Return
USES To States
Washington, D. C. Disregarding
the firm opposition of President Tru
man, the Senate, by voice vote, ap
proved and sent to the House for
conference a bill for return of the
United States Employment Services
to the States by December 31, 1946.
Soon after the opening of the pres
ent session of Congress, Mr. Truman,
in a budget message, expressed hope
that the employment services would
be retained under Federal control
through the reconversion period. He
was defeated by a coalition move
Some Federal jurisdiction was re
tained under the Senate version of
the measure. It provided that em
ployment services must be returned
to the States by December 31, but
speaified that if individual States did
not meet Federal standards in the
use of Government funds, the USES
would be permitted to intervene and
establish its own system.
Needy Families During Strikes
The employment services, wider
terms of the bill as it passed the
Senate, would be under supervision
of the Labor Department, but USES r'
would have authority to set up its
own programs in States which have
lished and accepted definitions of need
can neither be relaxed nor made more
severe because the individual or fam
ily involved is or is not a party to a
labor dispute. So long as any finan
cial resources remain, the member
agencies will continue to meet such
needs as fall within their respective
fields of service. No other course of
action could be consistent with funda
mental responsibilities to the com
The article in Channels cites other
instances where community chests
have refused to permit anti-strike
hysteria to blind them to the acute
needs of strikers and their families.
Cooperation between unions and agen
cies have been of great value in de
termining needs and filling them
“Relations between unions and
agencies,” says Channels, “have oq
(Turn to Page TwoJl
an over
out of a
May (D.,
Ky.) of the House Military Affairs
Committee intervened three times in
behalf of the contractor, asking the
War Department why it was investi
gating the firm, trying to save its
contracts, and obtain financial ad

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