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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, July 25, 1946, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1946-07-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XL, NO. 13
's p'-Z «r-'r rX
Kinney, publicity'chairman of the No-1
braska Federation of Labor, which is
planning an all-out campaign against
the amendment. In an open letter to
Skinner, Kinney said:
“Obviously the intention was to
convey the thought that you feared
some persons might be intending to
seize the petitions en route and do
away with them. The wholly un
founded insinuations seem to have
been aimed to cast aspersions on the
name of the Nebraska State Federa
tion of Labor and the characters of
those in charge of the battle to main
tain “trial freedom in Nebraska.
“Frankly, Mr. Skinner, I believe
you are unaware of the chaotic indus
trial effect which would result from
the success of the scheme wherein
you are but a screen for others. Prob
ably you are unaware of the history
of employer-employee relations in
Nebraska for the last 60 years in the
construction industry, in the printing
industry and others where employers
and skilled mechanics have through
union shop agreements made collec
tive bargaining work, tnd thus given
Nebraska an enviable reputation for
tj&nqwl Jahor relations during the
perilous wax''period and sigee )n Hie
crucial reconversion period.
“Yet, unmindful of that record, for
a whim, you would scrap those rela
tions and throw the state’s industry
into a long period of industrial strife
and legal battles, which constitutional
outlawing of the union shop would
bring. Don’t overlook this: Nebraska
trade unions will not succumb. The
battle will go on, economically and
legally, until labor regains its indus
trial freedom.”
Public Workers
To Fight Firing
Of Five Employes
Washington (FP) Dismissal by
the War Department of five em
ployees at the Aberdeen (Md.) ord
nance proving ground because of “se
curity reasons” was challenged by
President Abram Flaxer of the Unit
ed Public Workers as an effort to
create a spy scare on the eve of a
House vote on the atomic energy bill.
The five discharged workers are
President Harry Spector of UPW
Local 250, and engineer Rheabel
Mendelsohn, secretary of the local
and a statistician Phil Weiss, trus
tee and organizing committee chair
man, who was employed as a physi
cist Irving Spector, local grievance
committee chairman, engineering
aide and Abraham Kotelchuck, chair
V man of the local’s legislative com-
'L mittee.
Flaxer said the dismissals “official­
ly took place June 26 but the an
nouncement was made July 18. Per
haps it is only a fortuitous circum-
Z stance that yesterday was the first
day of active consideration by the
(Turn to Page Three)
Baseball Magnates
Union Drive To He
By ED. HUGHES, Federated Press
Organized baseball July 18 in Chi
cago launched its first important at
tack on the newly-formed ball players’
union, the American Baseball Guild.
Designed to break the rapidly form
ing ranks of unionism, the magnates
made a monumental concession to
their slaces and agreed, for the first
time in baseball his^pry, to permit
players to have a say in writing their
A joint committee of diamond ty
coons from both the American and
National Leagues made the decision.
It had recently been under intensive
{secret discussion by them. They
played an ace card in frantic efforts
'to stem the rising tide of unionism
and to ward off probable court ex
posure of the infamous “reserve
clause’’ in slave contracts with play
The magnates cleverly decided to
'W-g b-
Seek Referendum To
Outlaw Closed Shop
Contract In Nebraska
OMAHA, Neb. (FP)—First round in the fight to outlaw the I
closed shop in this state went to the Nebraska Small Businessmen’s
Association, which filed petitions bearing more than 100,000 names I
requesting a referendum on a constitutional amendment to barr
closed shop contracts.
NSBA Secretary Lloyd E. Skinner announced that the petkr
tions had been transported to the state capital by armored car.
“We are not casting any reflections on anyone,” he said, “but we’re
not taking any chances on those petitions not reaching Lincoln
safely.” The sjur brought an immediate angry rejoiner from V. B.
Building Trades
Pledge No Work
Stoppages In '46
NAME NEW officers
months: President, Cletus Hester
vice president, Clarence Leinenback
recording secretary, Willard Henry
financial secretary, Cletus Wanne
guard, Henry Radigan trustee, Dan
Folz statistician, Marion Fisher.
LffUnch Comnonv
id Off Guild
Washington, D. C. (ILNS). —The
American Ftnleration of Labor Build-1
ing Trades Council of Superior, Wis.,
has pledged “to refrain for the bal-1
ance of 1946 from any strikes or
work stoppages affecting construction
of homes for veterans.”
So far as can be determined, this is
the first no-strike pledge made by a
labor group in the construction field
since the end of the war, the National
Housing Agency says.
A resolution, adopted by the Build
ing Trades Council and sent to Na-1
tional Housing Expediter Wilson W.
Wyatt, gives full endorsement to the IL1
veterans’ emergency housing pro-|Ajl« AVAa AXA AV Wlvb
gram, pledges to refrain from strikes,
and promised an adequate supply of Plfllin I DyfTUiFCI
construction labor through “strong I*
apprentice training programs.” __________ 1
The resolution, signed by James If JlAAC wlfCI
Whalen, secretary of the Superiorly
Building Trades Council, pointed out] p«irAe Fnr
that “the national program of build-1 Vasil 1ZCS POr
ing 2,700,000 homes by the end of
I Athletic Events
1947, and the building of 1,500,0001
homes yearly thereafter for 8 years I It takes more than threatening
in order to meet the nation’s need for (weather to mar the attendance at an
a total of 15,000,000 homes, calls for lEdwin M. Knowles China Co. picnic
an unprecedented number of skilled (as evidenced last Saturday afternoon
building and construction trade work- (at Thompson’s park when over 500
ers.” (employees of the firm and their fam
“Close cooperation between labor lilies joined in a funfest, celebrating
and management for congenial labor (the fifth annual reunion.
relations is immediately necessary,” A baseball game, races for persons
the statement continues, “to let the (of all ages, and free pony rides for
homes-for-veterans program swing (children were the highlights of the
into full stride.” (program in the afternoon.
On the subject of manpower for the I Dinner was served at 6 p. m. with
building program, the resolution |ice cream, candy, pop, coffee and
pledges: (cream served free by the firm and the
“To provide an adequate supply of (Knowles recreation committee, head
labor by supporting a strong appren- (ed by Hugh McKernan, general chair
tice program with special emphasis (man.
on crafts where critical shortages Following is a list of the winners
might become apparent and maintain (who were awarded cash prizes in the
its present high ratio of apprentices (various events: V
through its Joint w Apprenticeship 25-yard dash for children up to 8
Committee.” (years—Boys, D. Vanaman, 1st., Her-
Housing Expediter Wyatt sent the |bert Marshall, 2nd. Girls, Virginia
“I wish to commend the Superior (years—Boys, Joe Hyder, 1st., Ernest
Building Trades Council for its pa- (Turn to Page Six)
triotic and far-sighted stand on the
(Turn to Page Six)
telegram to S*cretary (Rowan, 1st., Arleen Mountford, 2nd.
I 50-yard dash for children up to 11
e «jr
*.-*xI*..** •". I,’-’ e*
Green To Address
|OSFL Convention
Evansville, Ind.-The following are I President William Green of the
the new officers of Local Union 72, Am®ncan. Federation of Labor heads
who will preside for the next i2 an imposing list of national and state
There are plenty of sly iniquities ini. gear's convention ls doubly
this procedure. The players them- wortant,” President Lyden said,
selves have limited choice in naming (Tur/i to Page Six)
their representatives. The manager,
who will do the nominating, of course TAKES KIPLINGER POST
is a strong company man. He can be| Washington (FP)—A. Ford Hin
depended upon to name the “right” |richs, former acting commissioner of
man to “argue” for the diamond hire- (labor statistics, who resigned because
lings. If the players do not reject the (he was not appointed to the top BLS
proposition, they are certain to find (job, has gone to work for the Kip
conservative, management- i n e linger Agency. Kiplinger issues a
leaders who will address delegates to
the Sixty-First Annual Convention of
the Ohio State Federation of Labor
which opens Monday in Cleveland.
defense secretary, Carl In?he of*"1"* se88»"' A.
inspector, Gilbert Will »».,«•« Cleveland
Federation of Labor, will welcome the
delegates to Cleveland in behalf of
the 200,000 A FL members affiliated
with the central body. He will then
(introduce Mayor Thomas A. Burke
hiWMiivii y i ho wiU extend the good.wisheg and
(welcome of the City of Cleveland.
Federation President Michael J.
offer the bait of “player representa-1 LVden ^,ho wil1 be permanent chair
tion” in the writing of a new uniform tbe convention, reported that
contract. However, this “committee he expectedI more than 700 delegates
of athletes” will probably be carefully J0,th® »e8Slon8’
controlled by the magnates them- heJd the ballroom of Hote! Carter,
selves. Happy Chandler, high com- He indicated there would be an un
missioner of baseball, was empowered usueHy heavy schedule of business to
to direct his 16 major league man- be(jause the cancellation
agers to nominate the players’ rep- of last year s du®.t°. *overn
resentatives |ment wartime travel restrictions.
gumming up their demands. (weekly letter at about $25 a year
was revealed that the baseball which advises business on Washing
(Turs Page TvioJ
ton trends.
Map -7vj4 /7:1 ^|d
.W'»■”TT/£ iMw 5•.v jr«r r'"-Wf «, 'ts .,- W’
jA ■_'■
C. Brown Elected
President Of
Local Union 174
1 eV.
More Productivity
Only Way To Raise
Living Standards
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—
Labor's Monthly Survey of the
American FedeiWon of Labor
“Traditionally, America has
paid for rising wages by in
creasing productivity, and this
is the only way to raise living
standards. The other alterna
tive—to pay for wage increases
by raising prices—is no gain for
the workers, because living
costs cancel wage gains. We
must begin at once to increase
'productivity so the next wage
increases can be paid without
raising living costs."
J?otter# Herold
Perth Amboy, N. J.—Election
officers was held at our last meeting
with the following results: Carl
Brown succeeds Martin Pucci as pres
ident Donley Jones takes over the
vice presidency, succeeding Roy Wal
ters John Dudash, .financial secre
tary, and George Bandies, retains the
recording secretary post for his
fourth consecutive term.
Shop committees were appointed
for the various departments with John
Karnas filling the chairmanship role
over all committees.
Preparations are under way to
honor our returned servicemen at a
clambake next month. The party will
be pne of the best ever staged by the*
local and we urge all members to
make preparations to attend. The
date and site will be announced in
our next letter to the Herald.
Our contract with the Richmond
Radiator Corp., successor to the Gen
eral Ceramics Company has been
signed and sealed, thanks to the fine
work of the committee, headed by
First Vice President Wheatley. Mr.
H. R. Smith, former assistant super
intendent at the General Ceramics,
has been named superintendent of the
new company.
A new tunnel kiln has been erected
and now in operation. The change in
management has made no difference
in the cordial relationship which ex
isted before the change.—O. C. 174.
Chicago (ILNS).—The Illinois Cen
tral Railroad has asked that the Na­
tional Mediation Board take jurisdic
tion in the dispute with the Brother
hood of Railroad Trainmen over which
the union had scheduled a strike for
July 21. Intervention by the board
would delay the strike.
W. M. Dolan, deputy president7of
the union, asserted that collective bar
gaining with the Illinois Central had
broken down on the handling of more
than 700 grievance
back to 1037.
cases extending
Local Ho. 45
Convention Report 4
At August Meeting
Trenton, N. J.—Local Union 45 met|tive authorization for the Farm Se
on July 5 with president-elect Robert purity Administration as one he
Hannah and treasurer Richards, fill-(“hoped would be put on the must
ing the chairs of president Jamieson (calendar.”
and recording secretary Lance An-1 Patton said the NFU would con
sell, delegates from this local who|tinue its organizational drive to in
were attending the convention in At- (crease its present membership of
lantic City. 1425,000.
Officers for the new term were in-1 On political action, the farm leader
stalled with past president Albert said he did not expect much from the
Davies administering the oath of (present Congress “although it has ICO
obligation. (first rate fellows from our point of
A motion was passed that a com- |view.” He said every liberal political
mittee be appointed to revise the by- (movement in American history has
laws of the local. (had “a case and a ground-swell in
The sympathy of the local is ex-(agriculture,” and that “our people in
tended the family of Bro. Harry Bates (various states will cooperate with all
who died June 30, following a brief (labor organizations if they are mov
illness. Harry was until recently a |ing in the same direction as we are.”
very active member of Local 45 and
held various offices,
which was delegate
Trades Council. He
bered by many as a
athlete in the 1880’s.
Three members of the International (requested to resign. He said Ander
Typographical Union were present at (son’s policies had resulted in some
(Turn to Page Three) (price raises, which he looked on as
(dangerous to the farmer.
(Turn to Page Three)
Rights Amendment
Killed In Senate Iwomen
38WUhi3T"on8TXy un£etd FP)-Sjnce the end
neeewwy iwo thirds, the Senate July °f ‘J' w?r' th^ p™p0,?,,n ,ot
19 killed the eo-called equal rights worker frodueuo" has dropped to
amendment to the constitution after a Pe'M only shghtly higher than rt
two days of debate. bet“re, ‘5e W
Opposed by labor and liberal or. Bureau of Labor Statisrics announce
.. .. .. Iment In October 1939, 26 per cent
gamzations despite its adoption by workers were wom7n The
both the Democratic and, Republican P1 tactory w°rk"s *®re ’.‘J®.
national conventions in 1944 thelfigure rose to 33 per cent ,n ApnI
national conventions 1»44, l"e|1945 and has since dropped to 27 per
amendment was also under attack by
deans and professors of 21 leading _____________ _________________
law schools, eminent attorneys, Jur
ists and constitutional lawyers.
Senator George L. Radcliffe who
sponsored the measure along with 23
other senators, moved to lay it aside
rather than face sure defeat. This I HENRY HOROWITZ
met an objection from Senator Abe Chicago (FP)—The nation’s second
Murdock and Radcliffe next moved to (largest city was a mass of angry con
send the resolution back to the Sen- (fugion durihg the first few days after
ate Committee on Judiciary. This was |0PA rent controls were killed—but
met by art objection by Senator |jUgt fOr those first few days.
Homer Capehart, one of the measure’s Confusion has already given way to
original sponsors, but he withdrew his (determined organization organi
objection only to have Senator Chas. (zation of block-wide and community
Andrews interpose his own objection, (^ide tenants’ combines to fight rent-
The roll call was then ordered and (gouging landlords coordination of
the resolution declared lost, thus kill- |iegai aid and the formation of anti
ing it for this session. (eviction squads in all of the city’s
(renters courts organization of
MUST STOP UNFAIR PRACTICES |inter-neighborhood groups to tighten
Oakland, Calif. (FP)—The NLRB (local resistance to rent profiteering
has ordered Perlata, Providence and (. and setting up of a city-wide
East Oakland hospitals to desist from (mass membership organization to
unfair labor practices on the com- (lead the drive’ to keep rents from
plaint of the Nurses’ Guild of the (zooming upward and to freeze evic
United Public Workers that these hos- (tion-minded landlords in their tracks,
pitals have tried to force them to Spearheading the people’s drive is
choose the California State Nurses’ |the Tenants’ League, headed by
Association as their bargaining agent. (Homer F. Carey, professor of rent
Patton Says
Press Erred On
I Truman Break
Washington (FP)—Emerging
|a conference with President Truman
(in which he disbussed matters of
(concern to America’s organized farm
|ers, President James G. Patton of the
(National Farmers’ Union told news
|men a reported NFU “break” with
(the Truman administration was a
(“misapprehension caused by some
(segments of the press.”
“The National Farmers’ Union does
|not ‘break’ with any administration,”
Patton said. “Since we have never
(been tied to the Truman or any other
(administration it would be impossible
I10 break with it,w
Amwvv VZJJJVvJm I He said certain measures and poli
(cies of the administration had NFU
Ct IF A (approval, and others a merited oppo-
sition, and NFU wouid continue Jts
same course in the future.
“We feel strongly,” he said, “that
no real fight has been made for tfir
21 -point program announced by the
President at the beginning of this
session,” mentioning the Cooley
Bankhead bill for permanent legisla-
TWA A At ait inn onrl WTT urnn'J ennfinnu it.
The resignation of Secretary of
the latest of (Agriculture Clinton Anderson, said
to the Building I Patton, was being asked by increas
will be remem- |ing numbers of people. He said he
very prominent I had reminded the President of his
(earlier suggestion that Anderson be
-W DROPS since war end
■Z-'4 AP
.... MEMBER...................
Price Explosion Peril
Faces Nation Porter
Warns In Radio Talk
I Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Declaring the most important
(problems facing the nation today is to reestablish “a comprehen
sive, uncompromised program of price and rent control” and to do
(it fast, Paul A. Porter, head of the Office of Price Administration
(warned that the price situation is “explosive” at the present time.
America has had “just a taste of what can happen without
(price controls” since the price control legislation ended June 30 but
(“hasn’t seen anything yet” as far as what will happen in rent and
(prices jumps if Congress fails to act speedily in renewing price con
(trol authority, Porter said. The OPA chief said in a radio address
|............................................... *he was “a frightened man” when he
contemplated what inflation could do
to the economy of this country in the
months ahead. He said the reaction
would be slow in getting started but
far-reaching in its damaging effects.
Story Given Of One City's Intensive
Fight Against All Greedy Landlords
Sees Worst to Come
“But when it does start—when it
begins to rumble all along the line—
some of the price increases you’ve
been seeing in the last two weeks may
look like pretty small potatoes by
comparison,” he continued.
The Price Administrator said that
in the short period since the OPA
lapsed, the Bureau of Labor Statis
tics Index of 28 basic commodities
had risen 17 per cent, whereas during
the entire period from May 17, 1943,
and last June 28, while price control
was still in effect, the rise had been
only about 13 per cent.
“I am not thinking of 79-cent lamb
chops, or butter at $1 a pound, or the
thousands of unwarranted rent in
creases and evictions,” he continued.
“They certainly are bad enough—and
the inflation that we’ve seen today
has all of you aroused.
.-Unoartainty Stows Trade
“Pm thinking ahead, to what may
happen as a result of price increases'
that are being made in basic com-.
modifies and raw materials which
for one reason or another haven’t yet
made themselves felt in your stores—
at least not to the full effect that they
will be felt, if controls aren’t restored
Uncertainty about the price situa
tion, he said, has become widespread
and has acted to slow down business
(Turn to Page Tvo)
Members Of 122
Back On The Job
After Vacations
Cambridge, Ohio.—With the vaca
tion period over, the members of
Local Union 122 are back on the job
performing their daily toil.
New machines are being installed
in the decal shop which will greatly
improve conditions for the girls.
Our delegates who represented us
at the convention will make their re
port at the next meeting. Every
member should be present at this’
meeting and receive first hand, the
true proceedings of the convention.
We were very sorry to hear of the
illness of President Duffy and the
other delegates who were stricken at
the seashore. We wish all a speedy
recovery and an early return back to
their duties.
Emma Dobson, liner, is confined in
a Columbus hospital, following a re
cent operation. Latest reports indi
cate her condition as favorable and
we sincerely hope it will not be long
before she is back with us.
Bro. Elmer Lewis, who follows the
same trade is back at his bench fol
lowing a brief illness. Welcome back,
Elmer.—O. C. 122.
law at Northwestern University.
Carey opened the counter-attack on’
behalf of Chicago’s tenants with no
tice that the TL was advising all vic
tims of greedy landlords to stand on'
their legal rights and demand full
jury trials in all eviction proceedings..
Such trials would tie the judicial ma
chinery in knots, over-taxing and
flooding the courts to the point where
court actions by landlords would be:
almost completely tied up.
Pending jury trials, renters were*
advised by Carey, increases arbi
trarily imposed by landlords can be
withheld. The more tenants who de
mand jury trials, “the greater will be
the landlords’ task and the more like-*
ly they will be to give up this unholy
effort to stampede renters into bid
ding against each other for living
quarters,” he said.
The municipal courts, headed by
Tun te Page Five}
$2.00 PER YEAR

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