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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, September 05, 1946, Image 5

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1946-09-05/ed-1/seq-5/

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'TWlrM.y,' Septainber 5, 1M«
ployment, the bureau reported. It*
added that history had shown that
these laws, based at first on “altruis
tic principles,” had come to be re
spected for practical and economic
“Studied and experiments carried
on for the most part during and since
the first World War,” the report said,
“have demonstrated that a reason
able hour schedule and desirable
working conditions are sound from a
business or financial point of view,
i. e., they are ‘a good business propo
Significant gaps still exist in ma
jor types of legislation in nearly all
states and some of the laws now in
effect fall short ’of providing ade
quate working-conditions standards,
the bureau said its study revealed.
For example, the report recom
mended “Establishment of legal hour
standards which would allow time not
merely for recovery from fatigue but
for mental and spiritual growth would
be highly beneficial to workers them
selves and to society as a whole.”
State Laws Inadequate
As the report stated, only about a
third of the state hour laws limit
hours of women in some occupations
to 8 a day. No state law sets a maxi
mum work day shorter than 8 hours
and only 3 states have a legal maxi
mum hour workweek of less than 48
hours for manufacturing plants in
peacetime. Moreover, in some states,
the hour laws have very limited in
dustry coverage so that considerable
numbers of women workers are still
outside their protection.
The Women’s Bureau recommends
for .all women workers a basic 40
hour week with overtime beyond 40
hours up to a maximum of 48-hour
week, a maximum 8-hour day, one
day of rest in every 7 consecutive
days, a minimum 30-minute lunch
period where food is available on the
premises and a longer period else
where, and a rest period of at least
10 minutes in each 4-hour or half-day
work period without extension of
daily work hours.
News Chain Owner
Remains Mystery
Springfield, Mass. (FP)—The mys
tery of the missing newspaper-chain
owner continues to be unraveled here
—with the solution not yet in sight.
Better State Legislation Is
Needed To Protect Women
Wage Earners/ Bureau Says
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Though state labor legislation
for women has many shortcomings, continuous progress has been
made both in the number of state labor laws and in standards they
set for regulating women’s hours and working conditions, the
Women’s Bureau, U. S. Department of Labor, said in a bulletin.
“The period of reconversion from a wartime to a peacetime
economy offers a real opportunity and challenge to all states to re
view the content of existing legislation with a view toward early
initiation of an active program of improvement,” the bureau said.
J, No state is now without some law regulating women’s em-
to hunt
the four-
It all started when the
Newspaper Guild started
someone with authority to
and sign an agreement for
paper chain. After preliminary spar
ring with a committee that said it
had no authority to reach binding
agreements, the guild discovered it
could find nobody who would admit
he owned the chain or had power to
sign on the dotted line.
The man who signs the chain’s
chicks and buys the newsprint is
Sherman Hoar Bowles, who blandly
told an NLRB hearing investigating
unfair labor practices and refusal to
bargain that he neither owned nor
managed the papers. He said he re
ceives no pay and has only the most
casual interest in the papers which
have been under his exclusive direc
tion for years.
Questioned as Co his role in such
matters as setting of the NLRB elec
tion, the demotion and transfer of a
city editor and earlier efforts to ob
tain WLB approval for wage in
creases, Bowles calmly stated at the
NLRB hearing that he just “hap
pened” to be on the scene.
Bowles insisted ownership of the
papers “is one of the mysteries of my
life.” He revealed no income tax re
turns were filed, that he signed
checks “usually for $5,000 or $10,000”
when somebody in the internal rev
enue office decided on how much was
due the government.
Guild members believe their efforts
to smoke out the responsible man
agement will raise a similar cry by
stockholders in the company and lead
to the solving of a puzzle that has
even confounded the U. S. Treasury
California Set To Pack
Record Crop Of Fruits
San Francisco.—California will fur
nish the nation with its all-time-high
crop of canned fruit this summer.
The demand for these goods is heavy
and the bountiful harvest and ade
quate labor, together with ample
equipment and materials, will be in
strumental in making a plentiful sup
ply for consumers all over, the
The peach pack is expected to reach
14,000,000 million cases, more than 90
per cent of the U. S. total. The apri
cot canners’ production will probably
equal or better the high of 8,CC0,0C0
cases packed in 1944. On the West
Coast there will be a probable pack
of 2,000,000 cases of pears. Alto
gether, California anticipates packing
38.000,000 cases of fruit this
a third of the nation’s total.
Legislation To Ban
Lynching Promised
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Sena
tors James M. Mead and Robert F.
Wagner of New York have an
nounced they will seek passage of
federal anti-lynching legislation early
in the next Congress. The American
Federation of Labor is on record as
favoring such legislation.
“Recent lynchings have added em
phasis to the urgent necessity for en
actment of a Federal anti-lynching
bill,” Mead said in a statement claim
ing support of 11 other Senators.
“Federal legislation is vital if the
authority and influence of the federal
government is to be utilized in wiping
out crimes of this heinous character.”
Besides Wagner, who co-sponsored
a proposed anti-lynching law which
died in committee in the last Con
gress, Mead said he had the support
of Senators Knowland, California
Langer, North Dakota Magnuson,
Washington Tunnell, Delaware
Mitchell, Washington Taylor, Idaho
Huffman, Ohio Guffey, Pennsylvania
Thomas, Utah Walsh, Massachusetts
and Morse, Oregon.
Detroit Improves
Employee Benefits
Chicago (ILNS).—Detroit recently
put into effect a new benefit plan pro
viding municipal employees’ surgical,
hospitalization and death benefits at
half cost, according to the Interna
tional City Managers’ Association.
Payment "of premiums under the
new plan is split fifty-fifty between
the employee and the city. Each em
ployee pays $13 annually for the
death benefits—regardless of age—
and the city matches that contribu
tion to cover the $26 total cost. Hos
pital and surgical benefits costs are
split the same way.
Both the hospital'and death bene
fits are compulsory for Detroit em
ployees except those paid on a con
tractual or fee basis, certain part
time and school employees, and po
lice and firemen who will have their
own system. Employees who elect to
include their families in the plan pay
full amount for this service.
Many Department Stores
Accepting 40-Hour Week
Washington, D. C.—The Women’s
Bureau of the Labor Department an
nounced that certain department
stores in Chicago, Detroit, Milwau
kee, Columbus and six other cities
recently instituted a year-round, five
day, 40-hour week.
In none of these stores were week
ly salaries reduced because of the
shorter working schedules, which is
in line with the policy adopted by
leading New York department stores
in 1941.
ward Malagrani, managed to get his
bread but thousands of Philadel
phians weren’t that fortunate as the
city’s eight major bakeries rejected
wage demands of Local 6, Bakery &
Confectionery Workers* International
Union (AFL) and forced the union to
continue its
strike. (Fed. Pictures).
B. Schwellenbach when he visited Columbus, Au
Lewis _____________ ___
Shown with the United States Secretary of Labor is «***.*.»ci «. Wuai,
Labor (left), and Thomas J. Duffy,attorney for the State Federation
k OF
Mis. Phoebe Omlie, one of the lead
ing women fliers who has made her
living in aviation for 25 years be
lieves firmly that there will be jobs
for women pilots in the future, al
though at the present time a woman’s
chances as pilot on commercial planes
are pretty slim in competition with
more than 200,000 former army,
navy and marine pilots. Mrs. Omlie
foresees positions for women as in
'structors with private flying schools,
since teaching is fundamentally a
woman’s job—women having more
patience than men with beginners.
It has been suggested that girls
interested in aviation as a career can,
after they have emerged with a li
cense and with instrument and in
structor’s rating, qualify as sales
women of small airplanes. A girl so
trained, could then slip into a plane
and demonstrate the ease of opera
tion as easily as a salesman demon
serates an automobile. After the
plane is sold, flying lessons would
follow. In 1946, over four thousand
women held private licenses and 969
held commercial licenses.
The airlines hired women during
the war for many jobs customarily
held by men but many of them have
been bumped in favor of men, be
cause the prevailing attitude in the
industry is that such jobs rightfully
belong to the air corps veterans.
In spite af this fact, girls who
want an aviation career still have a
wide variety of jobs open to them
such as stewardess, or hostess, sten
ographer or clerk, ticket office agent
or reservation clerk, and many spe
cialized positions such as dietitian, or
home economist for airline food
service personnel director, public re
lations representative, staff photo
grapher, designer, librarian or air
line executive.
The most widely publicized posi
tion, of course, is that of stewardess.
Requirements are strict as to char
acter, appearance, personality, edu
cation and physical condition. Vision
must be normal without glasses and
girls must have one or two years’
college and some business experience
or be registered nurses. Age limits
are between 21 and 28, height not
over 5 feet, seven inches or weight
over 135 pounds.
Training lasts approximately four
weeks and girls are paid during the
training period.
More flowers may soon be brought
into the average American home and
mean an expanding flower industry if
the flower trade takes advantage of
pre-packaging and super-market self
service. Small bouquets of flowers
sealed in transparent wrappers for
their protection will also allow the
shopper to see them without damag
ing them. They could be kept fresh
in refrigerated cases and could have
the same advantage in self-service
selling as vegetables, fruits and other
goods which are sold this way.___
We are equippedT
render complete Funer
al and Ambiance Ser
vice, Promptly.
Funeral Home
1 145 w. Fifth St
Ohio and IF. Fa.
LABOR SECRETARY—Organized Labor in Ohio staged a reception and dinner to honor
The houseydfe would soon form the
habit of adding a packaged bouquet
to her grocery basket. Marketed this
way flowers would be cheaper and not
cut into the present florist business
which is largely concerned with flow
ers of special types for formal oc
While canned vegetables are per
haps cheaper than frozen vegetables,
frozen ones are cheaper than fresh
ones if you consider there is no waste
and no preparation to the frozen ones.
Frozen vegetables to be cooked
should be defrosted by allowing them
to- stand in their closed containers
outside the freezing compartment of
the refrigerator for several hours, or
allowing them to stand at room tem
perature for an hour before cooking.
They should be-toooked immediately
upon thawing with as little water as
possible. Frozen vegetables may be
placed in either hot or cold water and
brought to a boil, but the disadvan
tage lies in the fact that this method
requires more water and the vege
tables at the surface of the frozen
block tend to become over-cooked be
fore those at the center are finished.
Bake your next meat loaf in a ring
mold. HJnmold and fill center with
creamed onions, and-edge with glazed
Glazed onions are delicious and
easy to make. In an iron or heavy
aluminum pan over very «low heat
put three tablespoons butter substi
tute and two tablespoons sugar, dash
of salt. Put peeled onions in this.
Cover and let cook very slowly. They
will gla^e beautifully.
Barbecue sauce wil Isnap up any
left-over or fresh cooked fish, chicken
or meat. Try basting roasted meats
with it.
Washington, D. C.—OPA announc
ed that manufacturers’ ceiling prices
for all automotive replacement parts
have been increased by amounts
ranging from 12 per cent to 26.8 per
cent over base date freeze prices.
v. —1— 23 The affair wag held at the Nefj H0use Columbus hotel, (explosive. Its action ia disintegrating,
Michael J. Lyden, president of the Ohio State Federation of |not just blowing apart. And we do
vQD“l rCnniny hQJM
H'ttCfrfi Ml H'fi
Men or Women—For Hotel China
Apply or Write
Wallace China Co., Ltd.
5600 South Soto Street
Attention: Mr. Kenneth O. Wood.
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen fit to
take from our midst our friend and sister worker, Sister Ethel
Jones, and Whereas We, the members of Local Union No. 42, Salem,
Ohio, recognize the loss of this sister who was respected and loved
by all her .^hopmates and sister and fellow workers therefore be it
Resolved, That We, the members of Local Upion No. 42, shall
cherish and respect the memory of her pleasant manner and as
evidence of sympathy and esteem it is hereby further
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to the fam
ily, a copy of these resolutions be published in our official journal,
The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes of the local
and 3 copy
draped in
i Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes of the local
sent to the bereaved family. Also that our charter be
mourning for a period of thirty days.
Recording Secretary to Local Union 42.
nUl QSnip
The officials declared the bill was|alon® know how
rushed through Congress in its clos-|P°wer.
ing days and that state agencies These scientists
handling veterans’ affairs had no op-(They are not an impersonal
portunity to study it or to make rec-1 labelled “government,” even
ommendations or objections. They they work for government,
propose a survey to make recommen-( alone have the knowledge
dations to the Congress for modifies-1 creates the atom bomb,
Admitting that th. new law ha, St°P
some worthwhile provisions, they oh- b°nb. and they could stop seekmg
ject that -on two minimum pointe it wly8 develop *r praeefu,
works to detriment of the veteran” 16 true they nie taghly
in that it sets a ceiling on total in. honorable men, «nsitrae beyond most
come derived from wages plus sub- the,r But
sistenee by veterans engaged in on- are mCT
the-job training, and a two year limit|w'th gov«mment,^at- -..me tune, over
on such training imposed by the
amended law.
The imposition of the ceiling, the
officials stated, works a particular
hardship on veterans now taking the
on-the-job training or about to enter
due to the high cost of living in the
eastern states.
A woman seldom gives the man th
benefit of any doubt.
List Your Property
For Sale
Murphy & Craig
Real Estate Brokers
John Murphy, 602H St. Clair
Ave„ Phone 2438.
Charles Craig, 108 East Sixth
St„ Phone 551-J.
We are daily receiving calls for
residence property in all parts
of the city. List your property
with reliable brokers.
Vernon 11, Calif..
The story that was NOT told when
flthe first atomic bomb went off at
Bikini is that the Navy evidently
(went snafu in dropping the bomb and
that the top flight correspondents
who reported the event did one of the
most amazing pieces of sloppy re
porting the world ever has seen.
Bit by bit the reporters told us
that some ships had been sunk, but
the number, to begin with, was so
Ismail as to indicate that in the
atomic bomb we have just another
weapon. We got much the same daz
Izling bit of stumble tram reporting on
No. 2.
The tremendous fact that was al
Imost entirely covered up in wordage
was this:
Had the fleet, in either explosion,
(been manned for battle, no more than
handful of men could have survived,
even if their ships did stay afloat an i
that, for that reason, whether afloat
lor sunk, that fleet was OUT OF AC
The atomic bomb is NOT just an
other weapon. It is a revolutionary
loosing of one of the greatest forces
fl in all nature, different in its action
). not yet know for sure that, in the
(case of a heavy enough blast we
I (might not get what the scientists call
what we know ordinarily as an
(a “chain reaction” that would stop
(only when there is nothing left to
(consume. You can think around with
(that for a while.
Albany, N. Y. (ILNS).—In a joint There is more that needs telling,
statement, Edward Corsi, State In-(We are told that die government
dustrial Commissioner and Edward J. (controls the atomic bomb and the
Neary, director of the State Division (processes of its creation. That is
of Veterans’ Affairs, charged that the (befuddled nonsense. The atomic bomb
“discriminatory limitations” effected (and all atomic energy are under the
by a law recently signed by President (sole control of the scientific men who
Truman will work hardships on vet-(gave us the Nagasaki bomb and the
erans and their dependents in the (Hiroshima bomb and the Arizona des
govemment subsidized on the- job (ert bomb and the Bikini bombs, along
training program. (with those still in stock, because they
to create
are human
ytx/ve gdC a'fertune-'diefi&J
Wonder how nmch, friend Foxhound?**
’Flatterer! Why, when my grandpa
was a pup, he brought only $25.
That was 20 years ago, of course,
but he became a Champion!”
‘’My good woman, don’t you
realize how much prices
have gone up since then?
Look at hamburger,’
for instance ...”
’Oh, Mister, how I’d love
to look at hamburger!”7
"Stop it—please! My point is that the price of nearly
everything has gone way up in the last 20 years.
Except electricity, And us dogs don’t use electricity.
That’s unfair- I’m going to raise a howl about it!”
"But we do use electricity in lots of ways. It cooks our food and
warms our baths and whisks our spare hairs off the furniture.”
"Hm-m—guess you’re right, gorgeous gal..«. And it’ll
please you to know that the average family gets twice as much
electricity for its money today as it did 20 years ago!”
"Twenty years ago—when Grandpa was a pup—and hamburger
was ... how much did you say hamburger was?”
"I’ll have to scratch up the exact figure for you.
But now I must run along and pick up a scent. Electricity
and I—forgive me—do a great deal of work for a cent.
Yip, yip! Good day, Mrs. Spaniel.”
Though this story's all fun, its fads are all true. Many things
are scarce and expensive these days, but electricity is plentiful
and (heap. One reason it's so cheap is because of your wider use
—but another big reason is because America's business-managed
electric companies constantly seek and find new ways to keep it so,.
ton. Sob Stenlor. Sporhoon,
nd Kobnrt ArmtwtMl QtgwIw. tnry indey Wtnmoon, CSS Hotvort,
some issue. When and if they stop
giving of what is in their brains,
atomic progress stops.
Government has set Up very fancy
and elaborate machinery for control
of atomic energy and our nation is
seeking to create world machinery for
broader control.
But the fact remains that it is
MEN who control that power—and,
in the nature of
be otherwise.
Examine the
again, ladies
the thing it cannot
situation all over
have an interest in thia
energy question
Does labor
whole atomic
Of course it does, whether ih whr
or in peace.
Labor is organizing the workers in
atomic energy plants. Up above, some
in ivory towers, are the scientists—
the men whose imaginations and for
mulas have pierced into the astound
ing realm of the atom to the most
terrible force ever let loose on earth.
Moreover, labor is interested in
every policy that relates our nation to
the world.
Labor has a top-drawer interest in
atomic energy for other reasons,
and when atomic energy gets busy in,
industry, labor’s interest will be high
and plenty big.
But the first interest of everyone,
in this field of atomic development, is
the question of what it does to our
place in the world, to our outlook for
peace, to our own trend of develop
ment in both military and industrial
And a first requisite is that we
know the truth, face it and under
stand it—and that neither our mili
tary, political or scientific leaders try
to kid us about the mysteries, the
facts and the portents of atomic
power, either in its destructive or its
constructive phases. Think ye well,
merry gentlemen—and ladies, also.
Please don’t rest your weight on
my shoulder—I may tumble.
Eyes Examined
Glasses Fitted
Office Hours: 9 to S
Evenings 7 to 9 By
502 Market Street
PHONE: 2378 Office—2264-R, Rco.

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