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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, September 12, 1946, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1946-09-12/ed-1/seq-5/

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Thursday, September 12, 1946
Mead Asks Special Sessions
Of Congress, Legislatures To
Pass Needed Housing Laws
Uftfi has not been attemped or where*
Mead pointed out that, although
the Senate passed the housing bill be
fore adjournment early in August, it
was blocked in the House Banking
and Currency Committee and held
there until the second session of the
79th Congress closed down.
“I can see no reason for further de
lay in congressional action on this
measure,” he said. “Extended hear
ings were held in the Senate over a
period of many, many months, with
all views being fully considered. The
bipartisan approval of the measure
in the Senate has lifted this measure
out of politics.
“It is the foundation fo? the long
Thnge job of eliminating slums and
rebuilding American cities and towns
with good homes, good neighborhoods
and good communities for all fami
Present and future housing needs
of war veterans, Mead said, are “com
pelling reasons behind” the Wagner
Ellender-Taft bill “as an integral part
of the emergency housing program.”
St. Louis Police
'Go Underground', N
Fight Union Ban
St. Louis (FP)—Half the St. Louis
police force, faced *With a ban on their
union membership, have gone under
ground to continue their organizing
activity. Three policemen, officers of
the union, defied the prohibition to
force a court test of the ban and as a
result face imminent dismissal from
the force.
The three who will be brought up
on charges of violating police manual
rules forbidding union membership
are John R. Judge, union treasurer,
Julius Haff and Daniel King. Con
forming a union policy to test the
legality of the police department’s
order, they refused to sign statements
V that they had dropped their union
membership. The other members were
instructed to withdraw from Local
549, American Federation of State
County & Municipal Employees by
the union’s executive board.
Former Motorcycle Policeman Rich
ard T. Miller, union president who
was fired for helping to organize the
union, isn’t worried about the mass
“The organization is functioning
right now through the Shield Club,
which is the alternate name for Local
549,” he said. “The club dues are
$1.50 a month, the same as the union
dues, and will be paid by those who
were forced by the board to quit the
i union.
“We would have preferred to carry
on openly, but at any rate we’ll con
tinue to function until there is a final
court decision. We already have said
we would disband if the decision holds
that a police union is not legal, but
we’re determined to carry this fight
to the U. S. .supreme court^ if neces
sary. z
Permits Layoffs.
Blocks Wage Cuts
New York (FP)—The layoff of 46
Press Wireless employees was ap
proved here Aug. 29 by Chairman
Arthur S. Meyer of the State Board
of Mediation, who at the same time
ruled against pay cuts through re
classification of other employees.
The ruling followed arbitration of a
dispute which caused the American
Communications Assn, to conduct a
2-week strike against PW and to em
bargo press messages of other com
munciations companies to prevent
transmission of struck copy.
Meyer held that reduction of work
made the layoffs valid but upheld the
union’s contention that they should
not have been laid off before submit
ting the question to arbitration. He
therefore awarded the men full pay
from date of the strike until they
receive final dismissal notices. On
grounds that the unioin itself should
have pressed for arbitration instead
of striking, he ruled that the other
300 strikers should not receive pay
for the period they were on strike.
Refusing to permit wage reductions
for dovaigraded workers, Meyer de
clared: “The real take-home pay of
the workers has been adversely af
fected both by the sharp decrease in
the number of hours worked and a
sharp increase the cost of living.
Under such circumstances it would be
tragical for the men affected, apd I
truly believe unfortunate for all par
ties, to permit a present cut in basic
Our failure to write more personal
letters is due to embarrassment be
cause our life is so
seems at the time
“Similarly,” he added, in those states where housing legisla
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—A special session of Congress to
complete enactment of the Wagner-Ellender-Taft housing billano
also special sessions of state legislatures to act on housing were
urged here by Senator James M. Mead of New York.
Emphasizing the “growing seriousness” of the nation’s hous
ing problem, Senator Mead declared that “if Congress could be
convened for only a short session to enable it to pass the Wagner
Ellender-Taft bill it would have a salutary effect upon the country
and upon our housing shortage.” i
inadequate housing programs have
been approved it would be helpful to
supplement this federal legislation by
calling into extraordinary session the
legislative bodies of those states.
dull or so i
GM Again Uses
Profits Tax To
Show A Profit
General Motors
Dertiot (FP)
Corp, again converted on operating
loss for April, May and June into a
net profit by the kindness of cohgress
in enacting ta?c laws to favor the big
concerns, it is revealed in the report
to stockholders signed by Chairman
Alfred P. Sloan and Pres. C. E. Wil
GM employees, who also sustained
a substantial loss in earning in that
quarter as against a year earlier, got
no tax refunds from the government,
the United Auto Workers research de
partment commented.
“Operations for the second quar
ter,” Sloan and Wilson explain, “re
suited in a loss of $12,145,427 before
adjustment of $28,466,000 for U. S.
income and excess profit taxes. After
giving effect to this estimated re
duction in taxes, as described above
(in their report to stockholders), net
income for the second quarter was
The loss to GM employees was in
directly disclosed by Sloan and Wil
son’s report on employment and pay
rolls. They show an average of 333,
356 employees on GM payrolls in the
second quarter of 1946, compared
with 411,385 in the second quarter of
1945. Total payrolls in the second
quarter of 1946 were $234,226,072,
compared with $302,067,087 for the
second quarter of 1945.
Those GM Workers fortunate
enough to be employed constituted
81 per cent of those employed in the
second quarter in 1945 but they got
only 77 per cent of the 1945 second
quarter payroll. That is to say, not
only were there fewer employees but
these fewer averaged lower pay. And
instead of federal tax refunds they
had to pay higher prices for food and
New Meat Prices
Announced By OPA
Washington S(FP)—Overall retail
price ceilings on meat will average
3% cents a pound over June 30 levels
OPA announced Sept. 6, attributing
the boosts to “livestock prices recom
mended by the Dept, of Agriculture
on Aug. 28.”
Bound by the new inflationary law,
the OPA action had been foreseen a
week ago. In addition. OPA said re
tail price ceilings would not go into
effect until Sept. 10, instead of Sept.
9 as originally planned, because an
extra day is needed to get meat post
ers to the nation’s stores.
The breakdown of price increases:
Pork—44 per cent of the total re
tail meat supply: average raise in all
cuts will be 4 cents a pound. Average
increase in the 58 per cent of pork
cuts being raised will be 7-8 cents.
Beef—43 per cent of total retail
meat supply: average raise in all cuts
will be 3 cents a pound. Raise in top
cuts will average 8 cents a pound.
Lamb and Mutton—5 per cent of
total retail meat supply: 95 per cent
of all cuts are increased with lamb
cuts jumping 10 cents and mutton
cuts 4 cents on the average.
Veal—To remain unchanged, as
will sausage items. Retail ceilings on
lard will average 5.5 cents more than
on June 30.
Price Boosts Granted
On Five Building Items
Washington, D. C.—Increases rang
ing from 5 to 10 per cent on five
scarce items of building material
were granted by OPA.
the following
conform to a
Price Control
Retail ceilings on
items were raised to
provision of the new
Act which requires that dealers get
the same percentage profit margin as
on March 31, 1946.
Stock millwork, up 10 per
pine stock millwork up 9 per
stock screen doors and other
screen goods, up 5 per cent.
A 10 per cent increase was granted
to manufacturers of cast iron enam
eled plumbing fixtures. Dealers are
permitted to pass on the full per
centage of increase to their cus
ipu Can See the Cream
Mi k Bottles
Used Exclusively By
Golden Star Dairy
Phone 3200
It’s a funny place, this world is.
Now it turns out that the people
don’t have nearly as much money as
the prophets used to say, some eight
or ten months ago, that they had.
Pretty close to 75 per cent of
American families don’t have any re
serves which they can blow in for
hew things.
Now that is a blow, indeed, for the
mass producers who had visions of
long lines of people, with great fists
full of green backs, at every store
Don’t get excited, though, quite yet.
There are current earnings and out of
them quite a few items can be bought.
And there is credit, such as install
ment plan buying. But current earn
ings will simply NOT do the miracle
trick of cleaning up the vast output
that is coming.
Moreover, every time it looks 'is If
installment buying might help turn
the trick, Old Man Federal Reserve
Board comes along and tightens it up.
This is all done jn the name of pre
venting inflation. But all the retail
buying that ever was done, for cash
or credit, never upset the apple cart
of financial stability and it never will
do it.
Somebody is cuckoo)
We have Hungary’s inflation held
up as a horrible example, just as pre
war Germany’s inflation was similar
ly held up for us to gaze upon:
But let’s not be fooled.**Hungarian
inflation is under Russian domination
and Russian CONTROL. It is not a
natural, if we may use the word, de
velopment. And the Nazi inflation
was planned to liquidate the German
postwar No. 1 debts for nothing.
We have some inflation and we
may have more. But it is NOT caused
by the people and their buying habits.
It goes a lot higher up than that. The
lingo of economicts can be fear
some thing, just like the lingo of
doctors and lawyers.
Professional double talk can fool
us if we let ourselves be fooled. But
we don’t have to do that. We can do a
little thinking of our own and we
jolly well need to.
If credit begets inflation we shall
find it in the BIG credit flood at the
top of the structure and not down
where John and Jane Doe buy their
new refrigerators.
A lot of labor officers have been
fooled, too. Some heritage of puritani
cal straight-jacket economics, or some
vestige of moraltiy hangover leads
some to look upon debt as a sin, or
something closely akin thereto.
So John and Jane get the very
devil lectured out of them and their
economic sin is so labelled and held
up as a possible menace to the whole
monetary stability of the country.___
SEAMEN HIT THE BRICKS—Members of the Sailor’s Union of the
Pacific and the Seafarers International Union (both AFL) walked off their
ships protesting the Wage Stabilization Board’s refusal to sanction pay in
creases won after collective bargaining negotiations. Other AFL maritime
unions and the Committee for Maritime Unity (six CIO and one unaffiliated
union) have pledged support to the strikers. (Federated Pictures).________
Now isn’t that just simply awful!
Great balls of firt!
Is THAT what’s wrong with the
economic order? Come on, let’s be
grown up.
What are vfe going to call the riga
marole of economics by reason of
which John and Jane have NO RE
SERVES after what we have been
told so often has been the greatest
earning period in all our history when
simply EVERYBODY had money to
Did they spend St as fast as they
earned it? Well, mostly they did, but
they never earned the fancy figures
so often quoted. They earned about
enough to live on, meeting costs that
rose on every hand, not because of
them and their spending, but in spite
of it.
A fourth of our families have no
reserves whate^q the next fourth a
pitiful dribble, th® next fourth a fair
ly respectable amount and the fourth
darned near' ALL of it. Who found
this out? Why, the very respectable
and very able Bureau of Agriculture
Economics in the Department of
Agriculture. Yoi^can believe it.
Why not some planning to bring up
the standard of living of those first
and second quarters of our popula
tion? Top authorities are clamoring
for more and more production. We
could use some ’more clamoring for
more ability to consume.
The union wage population falls
about in the middle of the picture. To
the left of it is sub-standard to the
right is most of the fat.
Someone has talked of a balanced
economy, much as Secretary Wallace
has talked about an ever-normal
But not many people try to do any
thing sensible about it.eIt might be
an interesting experiment. Remember,
unbalance never stays long within
any set borders.
Demand the Union Label.
We are TFqiiipped to
I render complete Funer
al and Ambiance Ser
vice, Promptly.
Funeral Home
145 W. Fifth St
Ohio and IF. Pa.
Whereas, Almighty God in His Infinite Wisdom has seen fit to
take from our midst our friend and fellow worker, Bro. George
Weingartner, and
Whereas, the members of Local Union No. 86, East Liver:
pool, Ohio, recognize the loss of this brother who was respected and
esteemed by all his shopmates and fellow workers
Therefore, be it Resolved, That we, the members of Local
Union No. 86, shall cherish and respect the memory of his pleas
ant manner and as evidence of sympathy and esteem it is hereby
Resolved, That we extend cur profound sympathy to his fam
ily, a copy of this resolution be published in our official journal,
The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes of the Local
and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also thatjjur charter be
draped in mourning for a period of thirty days
iCommitteeof Local "Union 86
Health Committee
Reports Call For
Congress Action
Washington (FP)—In maklnr pub
lic Sept. 3 the final report of th" Ser
ate health subcommittee which he
heads, Sen. Claude Pepper said th
group clearly has shown the need for
congressional aetiqn on public health
“Much work remains to be done if
subsequent Congresses are to attempt
to meet pressing national hr-nlth prob
lems with the greatest possible eco
nomy,” the report said. “There is need
for a critical appraisal of the better
distribution of our health personnel
and facilities in the light of a rr.'.re in
tensive study of selective service and
rural and industrial health data gath
ered during the war.
Among the committee findings dur
ing its 3-year activity were:
1.—“The shocking truth about the
inadequacies of our medical care sys
tern and about our generally low level
of health compared to what we could
2. —Drastic insufficiency of expendi
tures for medical and health research.
3. —Serious deficients in dental
care throughout the nation.
4. —Need for concerted educational,
police, medical and local authorities ef
forts to curb venereal disease.
5. —Need for special maternal and
child health legislation.
6. —Importance of promoting inter
national cooperation to discover the
means of curing and preventing can
Discussing a national health pro
gram and health insurance, the report
finds “national compulsory health in
surance is the most economical and ef
ficient way to assure medical care for
all our people. Financing through re
quired contributions to a social secur
ity fund and by payments from general
^ax revenues can provide a high qual
ity of medical care for all.
“The report shows that there is
substantial evidence that our nation
is not the healthiest in the world. Tl
urgency of our health needs is clearly
shown by the experience of the selec
tive service system and of our mili
tary forces during the last world war.
Insurance against risks of ill health
is the well-tried American way. This
principle should be applied now on a
nationwide scale.”
Washington (FP) Less working
time was lost through strikes in July
than in any month since V-J Day, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics said. The
number of strikes, 480, was higher
than in any other month this year,
however, because of a large number
of small wage disputes following the
OPA holiday at the end of June.
HOT The water, wc
mean. Frances Vorne, known The
Shape, was surprised at the chilly re
ception the ocean gave her. Usually
she is welcomed very warmly. (Fed
erated Pictures).
Virginia Democrats Pick
Robertson For Senate
Richmond, Va. (FP)—Rep. A.
Willis Robertson won the Democratic
nomination to succeed the ’ate Sc
Carter Glass Sept. 5 in a party n
vention here, after strong competition
from Rep. Howard Smith, well-known
foe of labor.
Since Den ocratfc no ^nation is the
same as election in pvlitax Virginia.
Robertson’s Senate seat is as-.-ur
He has a record of eight unfavorable
and three favorable votes on the re
cent CIO voting iist breaking down
major issues before -l.e 79th Con
5600 South Soto Street
Special School Buses Assure Quick, Safe
Service During the Rush Hours Both Before
and After Classes. Don't Take Chances
Send Them the Worry-Free Way.
Valley Motor Transit Co
Big White Collar
Strike By Clerics
Denver (FP)—In*the midst
preparations for a special sale of ny
Ions and hard-to-get linens, more
than 860 employees of the May Co
Department Store walked out here
recently after three months of nego
tiatione failed to produce an agree
The strike, one of the largest
among white collar workers in this
area, was conducted by Local 454, Re
tail Clerks’ International Protective
Association. Tailors and carpenters
walked out simultaneously in support
of the stoppage. AFL teamster locals
practically halted the store’s supply
line by refusing to cross the clerks’
picket line.
Although it was the first strike for
almost all May Co. employees, 90 per
cent of the workers walked out and
joined picket lines, carrying placards
protesting their average $18.50 week
ly pay.
During negotiations the company
offered an increase, to $24 a week but
refused to increase commissions
establish a 40-hour week, negotiate
classifications or grant the union
Columbus, O. (FP)—Ohio’s 125,000
old-age pensioners may now qualify
for up to $50 a month benefit insead
of $40, plus an allowance up to $200
for medical, dental and optical care.
Men or Women—For Hotel China
Apply or Write
Wallace China Co., Ltd.
Attention: Mr. Kenneth O. Wood.
Eyes Examined
Glasses Fitted
Offlce Hours: 9 to 5
Evenings 7 to 9 By
502 Market Street
Over Peoples Drag Store
PHONE: 2378 Offic^-2264-R, Rm.
Vernon 11, Calif

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