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v. PAGE SIX ft ftt ly i I s ed workers bound in chains trying to hold down baskets of food that were being pulled into the air by balloons representing the rising cost of living. Leaflets, soundtrucks and other demonstrations also are being used the city-wide campaign. ft Wyatt Sees Labor Shortage As Next Housing Bottleneck Washington (FP)—The construc tion labor shortage may soon be the key bottleneck in the veterans emer gency housing program of building material shortage, Housing Expediter Wilson Wyatt said Sept. 4 in discuss ing his August progress report, ft Despite the fact that 587,000 work ers are now employed on the site in home building, almost five times the figure a year ago, the need is for still more construction workers, especially apprentices, Wyatt said. Asked whether the recent cut in on the-job training pay under the GI bill of rights copld be countered by some action by housing authorities, Wyatt said the National Housing Agency which he heads has no power other than to urge young workers on a local scale to enter the building trades. “We have also asked the unions to increase the apprentice wage scale,” he §aid. Wyatt said bricklayers and carpen ters are most frequently needed. Al most one-third of the nation’s 61,000 apprentices at the end of July were carpenters, and another 15 per cent were electricians. The report said housing construc tion had passed the halfway mark to- 'Can’t Live On Peanuts,' Win Public Support New York (FP)—“But we LIVE on peanuts," they chanted as they wouftd around Bloomingdale’s, one of this city’s larger department stores. And the passersby stopped, gaped and applauded. can’t It was part of the novel campaign to win public support of their demand for a $30 minimum weekly wage that the 3,100 Bloomingdale members of Local 3, Retail Wholesade A Dept. Store Union are conducting here. During their lunch hour Aug. 28 the workers carried bags of peanuts into their line of march, eating as they walked. At the same they chanted: them time mun- Today we are marching and chin* We hope you’ll excuse us for crunchin’ For the low pay That we get today. •We have to eat peanuts for lunch eon. We can’t eat promise or praises, Nor live on the wages he pays us. Our lives are hard So please sign a card And tell him we need decent raises. (ihl i. The union’s public campaign was begun Aug. 22 after more than six .months of negotiations with the man agement failed to yield satisfactory replies to their demands for a $4 gen ■. eral increase, a 12 per cent cost-of living increase and establishment of the $30 weekly minimum. Ten thou sand postcards from the public al ready show the wide response their appeal has won. Another of the smart shows the union has put on during lunch hours and the employee’s free time present in Truck Drivers Continued From Pift OneJ $38.20 in 1941. Possibility of half the 12,060 strik ers being back at work the following week was seen by Local 807 President John E. Strong who said that a mem bership meeting Sept. 8 would prob ably give unanimous approval to a compromise proposal of an 18Vi cent hourly wage increase made by Mayor William O’ Dwyer. About 50 p9r cent of the employers would sign contracts on that basis, Strong said, and 5,000 or 6,(K0 of the union members would return to work. O’Dwyer’s proposal was accepted by union leaders, who had demanded 30 per cent, but were rejected by the truck operators’ as-1 sociations. Highest employers’ count er-offer was a 6 per cent raise. As the truck tieup spread into cen tral and northern New Jersey where teamsters struck in sympathy, O’Dwyer held an emergency meeting with union and employer representa tives at police headquarters the morn ing of Sept. 6 to discuss means of getting food supplies into the city. Trucks were moving some drugs and perishable foods but the big food cains were completely cut off from shipments. Local 807 officials invited O’Dwyer to address a special meeting of A 4 and Bohack drivers, but Williams subsequently t^)d Federated Press that the drivers said they would yot ettend •«u,h a meeting. ward the 1946 goal of 1,200,000 unit starts. Two-thirds of the dwelling units started were new permanent houses and apartments, and the re mainder were conversions, temporary unites and trailers. The figures at the and of July, Wyatt said, were higher than the yearly totals of 1929. J. Alltime high wear was 1925, seven years after World War I, with 937.000 homes started. Wyatt’s 1946 goal is almost 30 per cent higher, the first year following World War II. The Wagner-Ellender-Taft housing bill, Wyatt said, is a must for per manent housing progress. “The soon er it is passed, the better,” he added. When asked whether he would sup port proposals from several quarters urging Pres. Truman to call a special session to act on the bill, Wyatt said he would. Opposition to the bill, he added, was centered in a penny-pinching at titude of certain interests toward its public housing provisions. Many far sighted builders support the bill, he said, telling of a group interested in immediate construction of big apart ment developments in New York, Chicago, Detroit and Philadelphia— if the bill became law. No bill, no buildings, they told him. One reason for the slowness in opening material bottlenecks, Wyatt said, was that Congress only allow■ ed the premium payment program to start in June. Gypsum, pig iron and brick construction are three items Wyatt said could have been speeded earlier by more decisive congressional action. Congress is also responsible, by passing the inflationary neW price control act, for the rise in cost of the average house. “The price circum stances under the bill are bad,” said Wyatt, promising to announce later the exact effect the bill had pn house prices. He said FHA is exerting as much downward pressure on house prices as possible. Peak demand for housing has not yet been reached, Wyatt said, but will grow through the fall and winter. That is why the emergency program was planned for two years, he said. Biggest recent improvements, he feels, stem from agreement with Civilian Production Administration giving home construction a bigger cut of materials than non-residential building. sr “The job is tough as hell, but are confident,” said Wyatt. we Mead Committee Submits Report Washington (FP)—The Mead com mittee investigating the national war effort had led newspaper readers to expect big things, but when its latest report was released Sept. 1 it con sisted mainly of recommendations for streamlined warfare. The scandalous deals involving paper industrial empires, conniving members of Congress, dancing gener als and defective motar shells were not included. Nor was there promise in the report of future investigation of outrageous profits by bigtime profiteers at the expense of millions of war band purchasers. Committee conclusions and recom mendations called for “a highly trained armed force, equipped with the most modern weapons,” and “a workable plan for the immediate mobilization of war industries.” Aside from stockpiling strategic war mater ials, the report said, the government “must now work out and set into operation a feasible program for the acquisition or use of strategic over seas bases.” Underlining the value of spies, the report called for “establishment of a I superior intelligence organization.” It also called for intensive study of per sonnel matters in the army and navy to insurb advancement of best quali fied men over deadwood with longer seniority in service. The report commend the Doolittle board which recommended changes in the caste system, but said it had not been allowed enough latitude in its investigation of personnel relation ships. Last-Minute Settlement Saves Tomato Soup Washington (FP)—A possible seri ous dent in the national tomato soup supply was averted early Aug. 13 as the Food Tobacco Agricultural & Al lied Workers got together on contract terms with the Campbell Soup Co. minutes before the strike deadline. Achieved through the Labor De partment Conciliation Service, the settlement provides the present con tract remains in effect, the company will give assurance not to conduct anti-union activity, and recruiting of migratory workers will be negotiated later. *. 'WJfa* *1 On Growing Up By RUTH TAYLOR By The Hon. Henry A. Wallace Secretary of Commerce i Miss Taylor has asked me what I think is the greatest need of the country today. 1 replied: Our greatest i need is to grow up.” I She then asked: “What do you mean by growing up?” Wherefore this short statement on maturity. A mature person is ortte who can carry responsibility not merely today or tomorrow, nor next week nor next month, but month after month and year after year. But along with this sense of everlasting responsibility must go a sense of forebearance, of tolerance. in speaking of certain used to say, “They are wheel horses”, in other My father farm leaders the good old words they carried responsibility year after year. They knew the common objective. Nobody needed to tell them what to do. When young they had early learn ed what field ought to be ploughed and when. They carried this responsi bility straight through the season and so as young men they came to be looked upon as mature people after they became farm owners community placed responsibility them. and the on na- Today as regional, group and tional conflicts multiply, we discover it is not sufficient merely to carry responsibility year after year, but it is also essential to catch the other fellow’s point of view. A great German mathematician had carved on his tombstone the simple saying “One must turn things around.” The capacity to look at the problem from the other man’s point of view is perhaps the most needed quality in the world today. Tolerance need not make us wishy washy. As a matter of fact any per son who is used to carry responsibil ity year after year, will never be wishy-washy. All of this means merely that we need now a widespread educational program in certain character funda mentals—those character fundamen tals which will cause us to become mature in an indiviual, in a group and in at national sense. there is a revert to amount of After every great war widespread tendency to childish habits. A certain this kind of thing may be forgiveable in the first few months after a great war. In its extreme form it is found in the excesses of the peacetime cele bration of the Day of Armistice. It is time now to put away these excesses which are characteristic of childhood. This education cannot come too soon if we are to save those American values which we want most today as we confront the possibility of the big gest boom and the most serious bust this nation has ever seen. LOW FAMILY INCOMES RIFE New York City (ILNS).—A Twen tieth Century Fund report says that prior to the war one-third of our fam ilies had a family income under $1,000 a year. SOME LOANS FOR VETERANS ,.. under the terms of the G.I. Bill of Rights are available here. Stop in for consultation jl without obligation. 1 •41 BE SURE TO BRING YOUR JOHN J. PURINTON. President CHAS. W. HENDERSHOT. Vico President x. ■ft” V "X' THE POTTERS HERALD I OPA CHIEF EXPLAINS THE LAW—Price Administrator Paul Porter I wMr- Weingartner leaves his widow, tells an audience of workers and administrators how ti'* new price control I Mrs. Bernice Weingartner at-home law operates. Porter opposed Secretary of Agr’culture Clint n A. Anderson’f I two sons, George R. Weingartner at livestock price boost. But since Congress had tied OPA’s hands on food (home, and Edward C. Weingartner of prices, he was unable to prevent the inflationary increases. (Federated Pic-(East Liverpool three daughters, Mrs. tures). (Beatrice Lunger, Mrs. Marie Brown land Mrs. Dorothy Groubert, all of Chairless UN Can Blame Co. “Not Strikers YONKERS TO REDUCE HONORABLE DISCHARGE. 1 The Potters Saving & Lodn Co. WASHINGTON S MOADWAY EAST UVUKOL OHIO OFFICERS ALWYN C. PURINTON. Secretory JOS. M. BLAZER, Treasurer W. E. DUNLAP, HL Attorney t41t i0 00 0 0 HOW(Ml MIII The men said the company was try- Icharles Rumberger of East Liverpool, mg to “make a goat of the union land three sisters, Miss Ora Rum after it had to meet its contract lberger and Miss Ruth Rumberger of delivery date The chairs were ongi- lEast Liverpool, and Mrs. Robert Hut nally scheduled for delivery Aug. 1 lchi8on of Akron. and the company received an exten- I Services were held Thursday after sion to Aug. 12. The men did not walk Loon from the Martin Funeral by out until Aug. 19. |Rev. Stanley Mullen, pastor of the When the stoppage began, Kroehler lpirst Methodist Church. Burial was officials promptly took advantage of lin Spring Grove Cemetery. it “to shift to the union the blame for I (i failure to deliver the chairs,” union I HARRY TAMS spokesman Lee Baker said. I Funeral services for Harry Tams, After hearing the details, Hoffman (retired potter who died Sept. 5 in declared his support of the local’s Lbe Wheeling Hospital, following a position. jllong illness, were held Monday after-1 r' Inoon from the late home in Lawrence Da/iICA Ta ilkille, near Chester. ACIUOC V in WAV Mr Tamg who was 77 vparg of aire Cars For Export rwwiMOw a V iviwnw ji The UAW rreentiy obtained an I agreement under which a certain I He hig wiw Mrs. Marje number of Nash care would be allo- Lj daughter, Dorothy Reed a cated for purchase by Nash workers. I Mrs Kuby BoettIler ot New (Brighton, Pa., and several nephews Yonkers, N. Y. (ILNS)—City Man-I- ager Robert C. Montgomery has an-1. nounced that Yonkers will adopt an I 11-.squad working system for its 2C3 firemen in 1947, which means their I work week will be cut from 72 to 62 I 1ft ./*■.- Montgomery, wtio promised the concession to the firemen at a dinner I marking the golden jubilee of the I Yonkers fire department, said that I the system would be installed in one I firehouse at a time until all 12 com-1 panies obtain the shorter work week. I Firemen have been, striving for years 11 for the change. 11 OBITUARY GEORGE C. WEINGARTNER George C. Weingartner, 67, retired potter and a lifetime resident of East Liverpool, died Sept. 6 in his home, 321 Church Alley, following a long illness. A son of John and Barbara Bowers Weingartner, he was born in East Liverpool. He was employed last as la warehouseman at the Taylor, Smith & Taylor Co. in Chester, being forced to resign about two years ago by fail ling eyesight. He was affiliated with (Local Union No. 86, National Brother Ihood of Operative Potters. I He was a members of St. Aloysius I Catholic Church, the Eagles and the I Moose lodges. East Liverpool two sisters, Mrs. Mary Doherty of East Liverpool, and Mrs. Margaret Burger of Westphalia, Kas., and a grandchild. Requiem high mass was held Mon day in St. Aloysius Catholic Church with burial being made in Columbiana ICounty Memorial Park.i I Chicago (FP)—*Jhe United Nations I MISS OLIVE M. RUMBERGER assembly, scoduled to meet New Miss 01ive Margaret Rumberger, York September, wont sit on any 382 Eaat Ninth atreet a decorator at rose or blue plush chairs unfess the Plant No 8 of the Homer LaughKn Kroehler Co of Naperville, Ill comes China Co died Monday in the cleve. to terms with its striking workers. land Clini where she had been a The men, members of the Upholst-, tient for the past three weeks. ers International Union (AFL), re-I Miss Rumberger was born in Clyde, jected a suggestion by their presi- Kas and spent virtually her life dent, Sal B. Hoffman, who flew here |tjme jn East Liverpool. She was a recently from Philadelphia, that some member of Union 124, National of the men go back to work for the iRrotherhood of Operative Potters and specific purpose of finishing the 1,858 attend€d the First Methodist Church, chairs the^ company is making for i She leaves two brother, P. C. Rum ..xi- ft Iberger of Cuyahoga Falls, and Mr. Tams who was 77 years of age. ((retired from the potteries about 12 rlfl 1 (years ago. He was among the first .. .. f' (residents of Lawrenceville when it jft?if I leaves hifi widow, Mrs, Mary L. work on cars destMed for overaeM L,He ms two danrHt™ Mr. Mav shipment caused a. ahntdown of the o( „d Mrs a w? 5°? at Ke"' Lertrude Russell of Wellsville a son, osha and Milwaukee Aug.'W. Jwilson Tams, also of Lawrenceville Some 12 IHW workers were Jald off I Mrs Far| ft! v "Srtere Frs. Mary Enochs of Trenton, N. J., protested that the anion should have»nd 16 and 14 been consulted befere the men were Lrandcbi)dren discharged. r* k 4 Nash-Kelvinator Vice Pres. R. A. I GEORGE REED llcVIieg said the four were dismissed!. Reed 62 former Ea9t Liv. when a group of workers refused to I u died s in hi„ home finish assemblies rf right-hand-dnve 1 tFRichFmond Ca|ifi following a short cars for shipment to foreign markets. |jj|negg He said they objected because they I spent of his life in wanted more vehicles made available IEast Liverp0^_ going t0 Ca|ifornia °q,.a's ,F labout 25 years ago, where he contin- and nieces in East Liverpool. FIREMEN’S HOURS I- Burial was in California- *0' 4 •ft $ $ & $1 i BB«»BII 1(MT ft. Branded at a killer Lomfo le de fended by FranU Morgonl •M- *. /$V ■/ft ft- ft A. COURAGE OF k/ |bA V 'ii- .ft /. New York (Fl1) An army poll during the war turned up the start ling fact that 35 per cent of the white southerners in the army w’ant no more of their home states. Not far behind them were soldiers from west ern mountain states. The reason behind this dissatisfac tion is no mere wanderlust, but a fundamental result of the grip north ern financiers have on those areas, thus throttling any hope of real in dividual or community progress, says A. G. Mezerick in his new book Re volt Of The‘South And West (Duell, Sloan and Pearce). Pointing out that the bulk of big capital is located in the northern and eastern states, Mezerick shows how through the use of devices like dis criminatory freight and interest rates, patent monopolies and corpor ate control of northern capital has been able to hold the rest of the coun try in virtual bondage. The scant in dustrial development that exists in two-thirds of the nation is firmly in the grip of the big northeastern mo nopolies. For example, the simple device, fostered by the House of Morgan and other railroad barons, of charging higher freight rates an manufactured goods shipped from the west than those from the east, has made it almost for these underdeveloped foster their own industry. “Cotton in the bale has gone north and south at the same rate,” Meze rick declared. “Finish that cotton in the south, and the rates jump 10 per cent. Make it into oilcloth, and the rates skyrocket 54 per cent, yet cot ton grows in the south, where there is always a surplus of labor. On all finished products the north has been favored by an average of 37 per cent —added to every thing the south tried to make and ship The southwest and the west have faced the same situation and it has cost them dearly in lack of development.” south and north and impossible areas to One of the most immediate results is that it costs more to live in Alaba ma than it does in the north, despite the fact that there’s less money to live on. Raw Alabama cotton has to be shipped to the north, manufactur ed, then shipped back again in the —n-------------------------------- VETERAN INDUSTRY EMPLOYMENT JUMPS Washington (FP)—About 2,400,000 veterans of World War II were em ployed in manufacturing in May, 1946, almost double the number in December, 1945, the Bureau of Labor Statistics announced recently. Accounting for 17.2 per cent of all employees in manufacturing, war vet erans in May made up over 20 per cent of the total employment in iron and steel, non-electrical machinery, auto, chemicals, and products of pe troleum and coal. I Demand the Union Label. great- FERGE" KIND SAYS Now Is the Time to Buy Coal PHONES: Office 934 ’.. Home 693 KIND COAL CO Railroad & Belleck Streets 1 Week Starting Thurs., Sept. 12 was* rah :W»w WaundeJ by hvnteril cvodandourMd by Ellxaberti Taylarl is J! am '. Orlfllnal Scrwn Flay by LIONEL HOUMR MratN by RK M. WILCOX Fradmed by UOBEItT SMK Added Attractions “NASTY CRACKS” Colored Cartodn “ALL ABOARD” Adventure in Color NEWS OF THE DAY IN PICTURES Continuous Shows Saturday and Sunday C-.-A ft. .ft T. South And West 'Colonial Appendages] To Northern Finance, Author Charges Thursday, September 12, 1946 form of clothes, with the price jump ing with each mile of travel. Fruit, milk, meat and cereal are all inn- ft ported from other states, with heavy tribute to the railroads. the on the, the The money barons who own railroads have used their hold nanufacturing and banking to ame end of making the rest of country into “colonial appendages”, interest rates in the'south and west average twice the rates in the north. “The south particularly needs cap tal because is has little of its own,” he pointed out. “Therefore is mifet borrow a large percentage bf the cap ital for its crops and its imlustty from the north, which is whete the money is. On every borrowed dojfer the south and west mu^t. pay as much as 100 per cent more than does the north ... but they ha ve^ half the in come of the north with which to do it-” ft* ft ft Control of patehts is another device by which huge 'corporations keep small independent industry under their thumb. Mezerick recites the case of the young engineers who set out to manufacture milk bottles in Santa Anna, Tex. They did all right till the Hartford patent pool, which controls 717 vital glassmaking pat ents but produces no glass, heard of them. Today, in the vacant lot where their factory stood, is a sign erected by the National Association of Manufactur ers, “I’m Glad I’m an American”, and listing among the reasons, “Free En- terprize and Opportunity”. Where, all these devices fail to work, eastern capital still has in re serve its control of congress and key administration posts, and its own mo nopoly economic power. It used both of these in its bitter campaign to pre vent independent industrialist Henry Kaiser erecting in Fontana, Calif., the only steql mill west of the Missis sippi. Because of the pressure of war needs Kaiser was finally successful, but now U. S. Steel has opened its own plant in California with the avowed intention of driving Kaiser ,/x out of the market. This hold of monopoly capital on the rest of the country not only beats down the standard of living in the af fected areas, Mezerick asserted, but is also directly responsible for lowered educational standards, anti-1 a o drives, racial tensions and other so eial evils. -ft xw. 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