August 20, 1918.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF
THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS
EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL
Published every Thursday at East Liverpool. Ohio, by the N. B. of O.
P., owning and operating the Beat Trades Newspaper and Job
Printing Plant in the State.
Entered at Poetoffice, East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20. 1902, as second
class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage
provided for in Section 1109, Act of October IS, 1917, authorised
General Office, N. B. ef O. P. Building, W. Sth St., BELL PHONE 575
HARRY L. GILL_____________________ Editor and Business Manager
One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada. ..._.——$2.00
Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8,
Fifth Vice President
—George New bon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9,
Sixth Vice President —George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East Liv
erpool, Ohio. „.
Seventh Vice President—T. J. Desmond, 625 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva.
Eighth Vies President—Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, West
SecsMary-Treasurer—Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool,
GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
Manufacturers™...........-..—. M- J- LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
Operatives CHAS. F. JORDAN. FREDERICK GLYNN, HARRY
CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
Manufacturers ,E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ
oS^-BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN. CHARLES JORDAN
*IT’S JUST A LOT OF HOGWASH”
SOMETIMES WE FIND the truth in the strang
est places! For examine, a friend sends us a
quotation from “Industrial Relations” for August
of this year.
It says that a survey by the American Man
agement Association—which, of course, repre
sents the bosses—reveals that “the most pressing
industrial relations problem at the moment is the
need for better communications between employer
It would appear that “the boys down in the
shop are pretty well fed up with the perfumed
chatter which fills most employee publications.
They are tired of generalities and sweet nothings.
So far as they are concerned, it is just a lot of
My, my, that’s very interesting! But here’s
another sentence: “Is it any wonder that publica
tions put out by some of the employers clutter the
streets near the plant, while those of the union are
taken home and read
don’t think there is anything very
about that. You know, American
workers are intelligent—the most intelligent
AIDING BETTER LABOR RELATIONS
/GREATER HARMONY between management
and labor is the laudable aim of New York’s
new state labor research and statistics division.
The new unit of the State Labor Department
operates with an annual budget of $13(1,000 and
a staff of 58 and will provide unions and employ
ers with comprehensive studies of collective bar-1
gaining provisions in all industries.
In addition to studying collective bargaining
processes and agreements, the division will record
causes and outcomes of strikes, maintain a direc
tory of lalxjr unions and employers throughout
the state, and build up a library of published and
unpublished material on problems of labor and in
Agencies similar to New York’s could operate
in every state with benefit to labor, employers and
the public. Organized labor might well take the
lead in pointing out the value of such agencies and
in working for their establishment.
UNITY AT POLLS WILL WIN
rTHE AMERICAN Federation of Labor, with its
1 7 million members and all their relatives and
friends constitute probably the most powerful vot
ing group in the nation. If we stand together on
election day, we cannot be defeated. If we resist
the siren calls of other organizations and the pro
fessional politicians who suddenly discover their
friendship for labor in October and November, if
we march in a lody to the polls determined to back
up the endorsements of the American Federation
of Labor with our votes, victory is assured.—Wil
Within three weeks after a woman lets her
maid go to reduce expenses, she collapses and goes
to bed with an expensive nervous breakdown.
President—James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752. East Liverpool, Ohio.
First Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street National
Bank Building. Trenton 8. New Jersey.
Second Vice President—Frank Hull, 2704 E. Florence Ave., Huntington
Third Vice President—James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool,
DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE
ROBERT DIETZ, Sr., MARGARET PARKER, RAY
Operative. JAMES SLAVEN, THOS. WOOD, ROLAND HORTON
GAINS FOR LABOR BENEFIT ALL
PIFTY YEARS AGO men worked 10 or 11 hours
1 a day, for meager pay they got no paid vaca
tions, they had little security on the job, and there
was no provision, apart from what they might be
able to save themselves, for their old age. Now
working days have been cut from 6 to 5 weekly
hours from 60 or more to 40 or less overtime
rates extra pay and the civil service retirement
system, the railroad retirement system and social
security give some protection to those who are no
longer able to work.
These are substantial gains, yet they have
been won against the bitterest kind of opposition
—opposition which, as it happens, has shown that
it was blind and stupid as well as bitter, because
productivity *is greater with the 40-hour week
than when men tried to work 60 hours and could
hardly drag themselves about. Moreover, as one
of the officers of a union which pioneered the
five-day week remarked, “The bosses ought to be
grateful to us. They get two days off each week
now instead of one.” And that,of course, is true.
Gains for labor benefit every class and group in
the community.—James B. Burnes, president,
American Federation of Government Employees.
PROGRESS ON THE FARM
'WAGE-EARNER’S experiences have accustom
ed them to think of farms as places of refuge
for the unemployed during depression periods an
at other times as a source of labor willing to work
for low wages. Workers coming to industry from
farms and accustomed to small cash incomes with
much food furnished have to learn that total de
pendence on wages necessitates higher rates.
However, progress in other industries is definitely
hindered or helped by progress in the agricultural
industry. The House Special Committee on Post
war Economy Policy and Planning reviews some
of these policies in making recommendations on
postwar agricultural policies.
Thezfarm, which the committee calls the cor
nerstone of the nation, came through this war in
much better condition than World War I. It prod
uced bumper crops to meet the needs of this coun
try and of our allies. Over 5,000,000 persons left
farms in the past five years. With sharply de
creased manpower but aided by power machinery
and low-cost fertilizers, farm output doubled. Na
tional income for agriculture rose more sharply
than did the total national income.
Two factors which have been most dangerous
to farm prosperity are weather and industrial de
pression, which lead to declines in national in-i
come. Technical progress has helped the farmer
to deal with some weather hazards and crop in
surance takes care of others, while high level of
national income have provided markets for crops
in this country with increased exports. The gov
ernment has insured farm incomes on basic crops
and has also made loans on crops. Subsidies have
been paid directly to farmers to take care of some
increased production costs in order to insure in
dustrial workers against increases in costs of liv
However, progress for farmers is unequal.
One-half of the farmers receive 82 per cent of
the cash income from agriculture and the other
half 18 per cent. In the lower half are the small
farms the uneconomical farms, the tenant farms,
the sharecroppers and the farm residences for
persons whose incomes are from industry.
The Department of Agriculture helps tenani
farmers to acquire ownership. It provides all with
technical information on fertilizers, seeds, how to
improve soils, how to breed better animals, what
crops to raise and how to market. When necessary,
it buys the surplus. The Department aids in or
ganizing marketing cooperatives to supply them
with the things needed on the farm.
Public policies which help farmers should be
supplemented by aid for farm laborers. The re
cently enacted law providing federal aid for more
adequate medical facilities is a first step in raising
standards of medical care in the rural regions. But
the largest number of fatal accidents and perman
ent total physical disability cases for the country
as a whole occurred on farm work in 1943. Yet
these persons are not covered by workmen’s com
pensation. Neither are they permitted to share in
the benefits of social insurance. They become bur
dens on their families or the community.
Agriculture has been aided by national policy
and should now assume its social responsibility
for those who carry on its essential work.
1,1 ........................................1 -Mil.--
MAKE IT EVERY WEEK
WAR is a piker compared to fire.
The year 1946 markes the 75th anniversary
of that fateful day in 1871 when Mother O’Leary’s
cow kicked over the lantern and started a $168,
Since 1900 some 22,000,000 fires have devas
tated these United States fatally burning
450,000 people (nearly twice the number of Amer
icans killed in all World War Two’s bloody bat
tles) 675,000 have been burned up or disfig
ured for life by fire.
Nearly 50 per cent of the estimated $33,000,
000,000 damage meted out to Axis cities during
the past war has been caused by fire right here
in our own back yard since the turn of the cen
tury. There is little difference between destruc
tion wrought by “buzz” bombs or by careless fire
—one is just a little quicker than the other.
Fire Prevention Week has always been cele
brated in the United States and Canada during
the week that includes October 9th, the anniver
sary of the Chicago fire. This year President Tru
man and the governors of the several states will
designate the week of October 6 to 12 as Fire Pre
In reality, every week should be Fire Preven
tion Week, just as the spirit of Christmas should
not be limited on a calendar to December 25th.
Anything worth-while to be truly effective is de
pendent on continual day-to-day application. This
is especially true in fire control for by concerted
daily thoughtfulness we can prevent 90 per cent
of all fires just by observing a few simple rules—
mainly good housekeeping. Saving our lives and
property from fire is as simple as that.
SOUND UNION POLICY
rPHE AMERICAN Federation of Labor has sug
1 gested guides toAunion policy in the months I
ahead—guides which are basically sound and
whose worth has already been proved. The guides,
as the federation says, continue the same con
structive policies pursued by AFL unions since
V-J Day, and are especially important in the criti
cal months before us while the inflation danger
These are the guides:
1. —Continue to increase production and im
prove efficiency. This is the only way to get a
wage increase without raising prices and living
costs. Production has made excellent progress in
the last 3 months, but is not yet meeting demands.
2. —Use the strike weapon only as a last re
sort. Build up confidence and sound relations be
tween your union and the employer, based on bar
gaining in good faith, square dealing and presen
tation of facts. When the employers deals fairly
with you, show your readiness to cooperate in
solving plant problems. If disputes arise and can
not be settled, call in the U. S. Conciliation Service
or use other means of settlement, making every
effort to avoid strikes.
Negotiate wage increases within price ceil
ings or within existing prices if there are no ceil
By ALDEN TODD, Federated Press
CARTELISTS FORM FOREIGN POLICY
Washington (FP)----- In any sober consideration of American foreign
affairs, particularly in connection with the Wallace-Byrnes feud, it would
be well to consider who makes U. S. foreign policy.
Sen. James E. Murray who is a millionaire several times over, believes,
he says, that most students of the American scene “concede that Big Busi
ness already dominates tly nation, both in its domestic and international
Thurman Arnold, former “trust buster” df the U. S. Department of
Justice, has charged publicly and without successful contradiction that less
“than 4 per cent of all our manufacturing corporations earn 84 per cent of
all the net profits of manufacturing corporations in America.” He adds that
“one-tenth of one per cent of all our corporations earn more than 50 per
cent of our total corporate net income.” And that includes corporations
other than manufacturers.
If the profit-makers are shaping American foreign policy, as charged
by two men, whose records prove them to be articulate advocates of the
competitive, free-enterprise system, and this policy is attached to the tail
of British imperialistic policy abroad, what will be the end result?
No less an expert than Columnist Walter Lippmann, who cannot be
called radical in any honest company, said that “collectivism in industry (i. e.
monopoly) begets collectivism in government.”
Lippmann points out that if carried to extremes, this monopolistic policy
will bring about the downfall of the economy upon which American business
has been nurtured—the right to take a chance and make a profit.
Arnold charges that “when business loses its competitive character,
when it tries to subject the market place to controls which fix prices arbitrar
ily, withhold patents,( and limit supply when it uses unethical means to
destroy others when it enters politics to secure advantages for its own sel
fish and oft-times anti-social ends, it is inviting disaster not only for itself
but our whole economy and our whole social and political structure.”
What Arnold meant was cartels—the international monopolies that saw
(and see) American Big Business join with British Big Business to throttle
competition and fix prices at fancy profits..
One of the factors the cartels fear most today is the Soviet Union and|
the Soviet system—and Big Business does its best to form a foreign policy
to hurt, damage or destroy the Soviet Union and the Soviet System. Which
may help explain the Byrnes foreign policy that Henry Wallace is attacking.
Lippmann points out, also that thereJs a question about how well Byrnes
is doing his job in Paris as the chief U. S. exponent of American policy
“Are we sure,” Lippmann asks, “that Mr. Byrnes is well advised, since
he must make American high policy, to sweat it out through exhausting days
with men who^do not have anything like his burden of ultimate responsi
And, it may be asked further, does Truman fully realize just how far
Byrnes has bee* going on his own hook in Paris
EMPLOYER OFFENSIVE COMING?
The Big Business magazine Mill & Factory, in a recent surevy of 1,000
manufacturers, asked: “Are your employees less productive now than be
fore the war?” Of course it was a negative, anti-labor query. The answers
reported by the magazine were 55 per cent yes 85 per cent unchanged and
only 10 per cent more productive.
But those that reported a drop in productivity blamed that on the
“general indifference” of labor and charged “featherbedding.”
Such an attitude could be explained by a plan by business to move into
an intensified fight against labor and, of course, unions.
CALLING 'EM STRAIGHT
WEIGHT COUNTS IN RING FIGHTS AS IN LABOR BATTLES
The National Boxing Association, which creates its own ring champions,
has proposed a boost in the weights of fighting men. It doesn’t make sense,
even if the inspiration did stem from a startling biologic discovery by Har
vard University and the U. S. Army. Seems students have fleshed up six
pounds in the last 30 years and between was the average U. S. soldier fat
tened almost 10 pounds.
The boys who matriculate at Harvard probably do gain weight. Most of
them are offspring of the “have” families. Come blight or bloom, if there’s
a scrap of nourishment in the land they’ll get it. But what with depressions,
hunger marchers and punishing picketlines, along with the lush times, how
did the average guy paid out his frame 10 pounds? Certainly he didn’t feast
on the prospect of another war that would destroy 23 million lives.
Ring weights, over the years, have gradually increased without con-1
suiting Harvard or the army. Always they were for purely personal reasons,
which is at least understandable. Usually a champion, having eaten himself
out of a class, dictated a heavier poundage to conform to the pork on his
The challenger either accepted the new figure or forfeited his shot
at the title. The added pounds usually became the new “legitimate” class
weight. Upper crust fighting men of all weights eat well. For example, the
bantam division has produced the most weight squabbles in the last 56 years.
The “little chickens,” sbcalled, started at 105 pounds, mounted to 112,116,
are now 118 with the NBA proprosing a hike to 122.
Weight is often a deciding factor in ring warfare. Managers rightly hag
gle furiously over a fractional pound. Ounces mean energy and power, often
the difference between victory and defeat, excepting the heavyweight divi
sion. There’s an ancient ring maxim: “A match well made is a match half
won.” Fighters who “give away” weight are foolish. Recently, Capable
Jimmy Servo, welterweight champion, fought middleweight Rocky Graziano.
Servo was flattened, prabably ruined, pugilistically.
The fight is often won on the scales. In the long ago the “Old Master,”
Joe Gans, reestablished himself as lightweight champion by whipping Bat
tling Nelson in the broiling Nevada desert. Nelson, punched dizzy, fouled. The
victory cost Gans his life. Nelson’s wily manager forced Gans, then in the
grip on consumption, to weigh 133 with his boxing gloves, trunks and shoes
on. His natural fighting weight was 135 or more.
The famous conditioner, William Muldoon, opinioned that 185 pounds is
ideal for the heavyweight basher. More than that is excess baggage. That was
Jack Dempsey's weight when slashing at the top. He counted on 190 for the
giant 240-pound Willard. Dempsey overtrained the Toledo heat, met Jess
at about 180. Weakened, he actually had a tough time winning, although
Willard was slaguhtefed and spilled seven times in the first round.
After the fight, his chest still heaving, Dempsey told me: “When he kept
getting up from those knockdowns I began wondering if I’d ever land one
that would keep him down!” He kept Willard down at last—sitting on his
chair, unable to come up for the fourth round.
Excessive beef is dead weight in the ring. Witness Willard unable to
move away from Dempsey’s iron fists. Camera at 260 knocked silly by 190
pound Joe Louis. A man can’t toss more than 210 pounds around and be
fast. Jim Jeffries, in his prime, was an exception. Lack of weight hasn’t
bothered unusual lighters, either.
Bob Fitzsimmons, a heavy weight only above the belt line with skinny
legs, scaled 160 when he beat Corbett for the title. Harry Greb, whom I
nicknamed the “human windmill,” was a legitimate 160 pounder. He often
thrashed leading heavyweights. Nimble, courageous, a whirlwind stylist, he
yearned to fight Dempsey. Dempsey once told me: “I’d be a sucker to fight
him. Probably make me look bad for eight rounds or so before I could catch
him and knock him out.”
Speaking of weight in labor battles, there’s one that never changes.
The company union has never won a fight because it NEVER HAD ANY
WEIGHT with management or anyone else. Even Harvard and the army
would shake on that one.
Three Cheers For Admired Nimitz
Someone should present an orchid or a bunch of nice red roses to Admiral
Chester W, Nimitz. He’s the top man in Uncle Sam’s navy, and he has
achieved even a greater distinction:
He’s the first army or navy man in our history, as far as we know,
who ever said publicly that he thought the forces under his command were
ufficient to take care of the country.
Speaking in Philadelphia, Nimitz said the United States navy
00,000 men, one-sixth of the wartime peak.
“That’s large enough,” he continued, “and I think we should
innual inventory looking toward the possibility of shrinking it still
Now if the leaders of the army, will follow Nimitz’s excellent
.ve will soon be able to balance
I 'il ...iSS
Mannington, W. Va.—Harry G. Hunter, saggermaker at the Homewood
pottery, was seriously injured when he was run down by a freight train last
Minerva, Ohio—Local Union No. 70 has affiliated with the Ohid^ State
Federation of Labor.
Coshocton, Ohio—Charles Gallagher, jiggerman, has imported a new
batterout from East Liverpool. His name is Bill Wardles.
Cameron, W. Va.—Harry Boyer, lately employed at Mannington. has ac
cepted a kiln bench here. Before his departure rrom Mannington the kiln
drawers and laborers presented him a meerschaum pipe as a token of regards
and best wishes.
Steubenville, Ohio=-W. Bentley Jones has resigned his position in the
decorating department, where he has been employee! for the past 10 years,
to become a partner in the Mason Color Manufacturing Company, of East
Wheeling, W. Va.—Rudolph Tice, James Farmer, Alt Reeder, William
Hohman, C. Rodocker and Warren Harsha were visitors here over last
Buffalo, N. Y.—Billy Rea, stipjerintendant of the Buffalo pottery, made a
flying trip to East Liverpool on Wednesday to pick up two or three extra
workmen in the clay and kiln departments.
East Liverpool—James Grafton, foreman of the D. E. McNicol clay
shop, and a former active member of L. U. 10, is critically ill at his home on
Fourth street. No hope is held for his recovery.
East Palestine, O.—Edward Firth, jiggerman ,spent the day at his old
home in East Liverpool the first of the week.
East Liverpool—William Cox, well known member of L. U. No. 9, was
elected Grand Sir Herald at the Knights of Golden Eagle convention at
Springfield, Ohio, last week.
Mannington, W. Va.—Thomas Chadwick, Charles Poulton and William
McDevitt, three former members of L. U. No. 4 of East Liverpool, who were
employed as pressers at the Knowles, Taylor & Knowles plant in that city,
have accepted positions in the sanitary plant here.
Ford City, Pa.—Pete Canne, former clay shop foreman at the William
Brunt pottery in East Liverpool, has accepted a handling bench here.
Trenton, N. J.—Abraham L. Eardley, employee of the Thomas Maddock
& Sons plant, has finished two of the largest pieces of sanitary ware ever
made in the United States. One of the pieces was a base for a shower
bath. The piece weighed 400 pounds in the clay state. The other piece was a
huge chemical tank.
Cameron, W. Va.—The following pressers h^e taken jobs at the local
plant during the past few days: George Pierson and Harry Knox, of Man
nington Mike Manyon and William Tate, of Kokomo. Two generalware press
ers, Fred McCurdy and George White, are breaking into the sanitary line.
Ford City, Pa—Fletcher Massey, of East Liverpool, has succeeded John
Kilgore on the big dish bench. John Sylvies is still knocking out ewers. Fred
Pippin and John Shingler are new pressers’here.
Akron, Ohio—Albert Smith, kilnman, recently employed in California,
has accepted a position here.
East Liverpool, Ohio—John Jackson has been named clay shop foreman
at the William Brunt pottery, as successor to P. Canne.
Sebring, Ohio—Frank Jones, turner, lately employed in East Liverpool
and Trenton, has accepted a lathe job at the French China here.
TWENTY YEARS AGO
Carrollton, Ohio—Clem Duke, a foreman kilnntan here, has accepted
employment in one of the East Liverpool shops.
Drexell Scott, a former member of the biscuit placing crew at the
bright plant, was calling on friends here during the past week.
Leroy Rich, formerly of Sebring, has eccepted employment with the
Albright China Company. William Rich who left here to take a job in Se
bring, is planning to return here Sept. 30. Bill says he doesn’t like “the
small town stuff in Sebring.”
Arthur Braddeley, who came here from Wellsville twelve years ago, is
spending $2,000 in improvements to his home on the East Side.
Edward Warner and his wife were guests of friends in East Palestine
during the past week. He is employed at the Albright China.
Kirby Watson has returned to the bench after four months’ vacation.
Joseph Kutch has resigned his job as decorator here to accept appoint
ment as chief of police at Harlem Springs.
Rain halted the baseball game between the Homer Laughlin China team
and Chester nine Wednesday evening in the Industrial League championship.
Homer Laughlin with Guy Digman on the mound were leading by the score
of 7 to 4 when the downpour came.
The fall night school course for adults in ceramics will open in East
Liverpool ,High School auditorium Monday evening. Kenneth M. Smith
ceramic engineer, will again have supervision over the classes.
Thursday, September 26, 1946
From the Herald Files
THIRTY-SIX YEARS AGO V
Evansville, Ind.—Thomas Simpson, formerly employed at the Knowles
Taylor & Knowles plant, East Liverpool, as a dishmaker, has accepted em
Sebring, Fla., with its 4,000 inhabitants, established 13 years ago by W
George E. Sebring^one of the Sebring brothers who helped to found and v"
build up the pottery town of Sebring, O., escaped the fury of the tropical
hurricane which caused such heavy loss of life and damage to property in
Floride last Saturday, according to a telegraphic message received by
Charles L. Sebring, president of the Sebring Pottery Company, a nephew.
Mrs. Mary Bayliss Grafton, mother of Dane Grafton, turner at the
China Works of the K. T. & K. Potteries Company, and George Grafton,
president of the Contra Costa County Labor Council of Richmond, California,
died at her home in East End, following a lingering illness.
A daughter was born last Monday to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Duffy of
Holliday street, East End. Bro. Duffy is employed at plant No. 6 of the
Homer Laughlin Chine Company, and is a brother of Attorney T. J. Duffy
of Columbus, former president of the N. B. of O. P.
Les Joyce, Bill Sonton, John Winters, Fuzzy Greary and Harry Her
genroder, New Castle potters motored to Pittsburgh last Saturday for a
Edward Fitzgerald, who has been in charge of the decorating department
and warehouse at the Standard Pottery, East Liverpool, for the past 26
years, has resigned his position, and is at present on a motor vacation in
the eastern states. His future plans were not learned.
Myers Lake Park, Canton, was selected for the 1927 outing and reunion
of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters at a meeting of the picnic
committee held Saturday evening at National Headquarters. It makes the
third successive year the picnic has gone to Myers Lake. Members present at
the meeting were chairman George Gopprt, James Noah, Frang Johnson,
C. N. Crytzer, Treasurer Frank Hull, William Eatkin and Secretary Will
Trenton, N. J.—Miss Catherine C. Hutchins and First Vice President
George H. Cartlidge were married here last Wednesday morning. The bride
is a sister of Frank H. Hutchins, former first vice president of the organiza
tion, and has been stenographer in Eastern Headquarters of the Brotherhood
for the past 12 years. A portion of their honeymoon will be spent in Detroit,
where tne groom will represent the National Brotherhood of Operative Pot
ters as a delegate to the A. F. of L. convention.
YOUR JOB AND THE LAW
WAGE-HOUR VIOLATIONS INCREASE
The administrator of the wage-hour and public contracts division of
the Labor Department reports half the establishments inspected during the
fiscal year ending June 1 had violated overtime, minimum wage, or child
labor provisions of the wage-hour and public contracts acts. Back pay to the
tune of $13,360,000 was paid to 271,000 employees from 17,000 employers.
Substantial violations of the record keeping provisions of the act were
found in 26 per cent of the inspected plants, and 20 per cent of the em
ployers had failed to pay the minimum wage of 40 cents per hour.
Children’s bureau of Department of Labor has announced new hazard
ous work beginning Sept. 1, firms in interstate commerce cannot hire
person under 18 to operate elevators, cranes, hoists, or high-lift trucks.
Minors are permitted to operate automatic passenger elevators or hoists
with less than one-ton capacity. They may also use freight elevators to
travel to and from work.
i ABILITY TO PAY
A company’s alleged inability to pay a wage award is no defense if the
pay rates are below those paid in the area or in the same or comparable
industries. So rules a fact-finding board appointed to investigate a dispute
between Western Union and AFL and CIO unions in the telegraph industry.
Only where the rates demanded higher than that is inability to pay
relevant, according to the board. It is estimated that the NLRB recommen
dations will cost the company some $16,000,000 annually. But, says the
NLRB, if inability to pay were the only question it would mean that ineffi
cient firms would* get bargain rates on labor, and that employees would be
making up the losses out of their own pockets.
Where the NLRB refuses to take jurisdiction because it states it has
insufficient funds to process the case, the New York Labor board will take
the case even though the firm is engaged in interstate commerce. The
New York board argues that if it does not do
receive protection, (Harris-Upham & Co.)
so the employees would not
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