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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, October 17, 1946, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1946-10-17/ed-1/seq-6/

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Important Term
For High Court
M't’ ’fc'
A fc'-jv
Women's Work Standards
Detailed By Labor Dept,
Washington (FP) The Labor
Department women’s bureau is
sued a folder Oct. 7 on standards
for the employment of women
urhich should provide union bar
gaining committees with an excel
lent guide to contract provisions
protecting the rights of women
Maintaining 1 that 'minimum
standards should be established by
law, the women’s bureau said that
“collective bargaining in many in
stances has established high stand
ards for working conditions, wages
and hours.”
For women industrial and of
fice workers, the buseau recom
mended detailed standards for
working time, wages, health and
safety, including:
1. —Not more than 8 hours of
work daily, not more than 48 a
week work over 40 hours at time
and a half.
2. —30-minute lunch periods, and
10 minute rest periods on the com
pany during each half day.
S.Sick leave and maternity leave
without loss of job rights.
A—Equal pay based on the job,
not on the worker’s*sex, with tips
not considered as wagel.
5. —Protective clothing, safety
equipment and uniforms to be paid
for by the employer as part of
production cost.
6. —Adequate and sanitary
washrooms, toilets and lunch
Washington (FP) The U.
Supreme Court, opening a new
term faced a heavy work load in
cluding many important cases
hanging over from last spring.
The absence of Justice Jackson,
chief American prosecutor at
Nuernberg, and the death of Chief
Justice Stone make necessary
argument of some cases.
Among important matter^ to
decided this term are:
1. —The tidelands oil dispute,
volved in the Ickes-Pauley contro
versy, to determine whether the
federal government or the states
own certain off-shore lands which
contain oil and other materials.
2. —The compaint by the state
of Georgia that railroads have con
spired to fix freight rates which
burden southern commerce and in
dustrial development.
8.—A petition to rule on the
validity of the Georgia unit voting
system, under which Ku Kluxer
Gene Talmadge was returned to
the governor’s mansion.
We’ll Pull With You
We feel that in each banking
transaction whether it be
accepting the ^deposit of a cus
tomer or extending a personal
loan ... we are not merely
serving one individual, but
helping to set in motion a chain
of events which will add to the
productivity, and wealth of our
entire community.
First National
East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank
.Member F. D. 1. (’.
Phone 914
the new llectric Hour
under the direction of
4:30 P.
Copies of the folder can be ob
tained from the U. S. Superinten
dent of Documents, Washington
25, D. C. for $2.00 a hundred.
William Thomas “Wid” Ma
honey, kiln fireman at the Hall
China Co. died Monday in his
home in Pleasant Heights, follow
ing a long illness.
Mr. Mahoney was bom at Bor
land, W. Va., and came to East
Liverpool about 45 years ago. He
was a member of Local Union 130,
National Brotherhood of Operative
Potters, and of the First Baptist
Church and Baraca Class.
East Palestine, Ohio Reuben
VanFossen, retired potter, died
Oct. 10 in the South Side unit of
the Yoqngstown City Hospital, fol
lowing an illness caused by infirm
ities of old age.
He was a son of Reuben and
Serena Hoyt VanFossen,
bom at West Point. He
East Palestine with hfs
when he was a child,
married in March, 1893,
He leaves his widpw, two sons,
Robert VanFossen of Attica, and
Harold VanFossen of Youngstown
a daughter, Mrs. John Oliver, also
of Youngstown and four sisters,
Mrs. John Ludwick of Ravenna,
Mrs. Alice Bacon of East Pales
tine, Mrs. James Pilmer of Ken
sington, and Mrs. Jacob Kocher
of Alliance.
He leaves his widow. Mrs. Anna-1
belle Vincent Broadbent three IIbODOI*
7. —Freedom for Vorkers to sit
down when actual performance of
the job does not require standing.
8. —Adequate safety guards on
all machinery.
Mr. Mahoney loaves three sons,
Howard T. Mahoney, Harold W.
Mahoney and Robert F. Mahoney,
all of Cleveland two daughters,
Bula Mahoney and Dorothy Ma-.
honey at home two brothers, John I would
Mahoney of Parkersburg and Rob-1
ert Mahoney of Elyria a sister, I
Miss Sarah Mahoney of Steuben-IT
ville, and five grandchildren. J7 vSS
-‘•'^■-'•t.'S' jK’WX.t
Hits Rackets
Services were held from the ..
VanDyke Funeral Home by Rev. I to combat anti-labor
A. L. Wellemeyer, pastor of the “nd ca'le' ,or
Methodist Church. Burial was in of t^ freedom of the press to
Glenview Cemetery. |g,ve la^'r editors ful freedom of
(FP)—Resolutions con
the issuance of year
books by central labor bodies,
state federations and union label
councils as illegitimate vehicles for
and was I the collection of advertising rev
came to Ienu were adopted by the Eastern
parents I La^or Press Conference here Oct.
to Alice I This resolution urged that the
1AFL go on record in opposition to
the practice and to take steps to
outlaw such year books.
Another resolution asked
labor press editors attending
state and international union
’Iventions and meetings act as re
1 porters for the International Labor
Press of America and that steps
be taken to distibute such news.
The eastern editors also called
for establishment of a labor daily
expression on political matters.
.rr, I All officers of the conference
ARTHUR (. BROADBENT Iwere reelected: President Arnold
Arthur C. Broadbent, 60, caster I zan(ier Secretary-Treasurer Lewis
at the Hall China Co. for the past I Hermann, and v i e-presidents
34 years, died Oct. 9 in his homelpran|( powers. Martin McIntyre of
in Bloomfield, following a long
l^"|Braford, Pa. George Rhodes, the
I New Era, Reading, Pa. John Say
*.n I lor, Wilmington Labor Herald
Mr. Broadbent was born
Salineville and spent most of his|Huth Taylor, labor columnist, anil
lifetime in East Liverpool. He was|Harry Heustis, Electrical Union
a member of Local Union No. 4,1 World New York.
National Brotherhood of Operative I 2__________ __________
Potters, and of the First Church I v
of Christ.
[Seeks To Creofe
sons, Arthur E. Broadbent of I
Wellsville, Robert Broadbent of I Atlanta, Ga. (FP) The Ku
East Liverpool, and Lee Broadbent IKlux Klan is planning a third
at home two daughters, Mrs. I party to create labor dissension.
Broadbent and George Broadbent, Isions in Georgia and South ’Caro
all of East Liverpool, and two sis-Ilina to set such a party in mo
tors, Mra Evelyn Cline of Steu-|tion.
benville, and Mrs. Margaret Pay-1 Duke said his information indi
ton of Atwater. Icated the new “labor” organization
Shopshire of Cleveland and I The plan became known here
Leroy Koch of East Liver-1 Oct. 2 when Georgia’s Assistant
five brothers, John Broad-1 Attorney General Daniel Duke re
of Salineville, Alex Broad-1vealed he had received reports that
Samuel Broadbent, Roy I the Klan has already held discus-
Services were held from the I would seek to slow down produc
Martin Funeral Home by Rev. D. Ition in Jewish agd Catholic owned
Park Chapman, pastor of the First I plants so they could not compete
Church of Christ. Burial was inlwith white Protestant industries.
Columbiana County Memorial I Klansmen today “are stirring up
ark’ I more dissension in America
lall the Communist agencies
I bined,” Duke asserted.
I At the same time Gov.
lArnall made public a letter he
I had written to President Truman
Ion Aug. 6 urging action against
I the klan. Arnall quoted his assist
lant attorney general to the effect
I that the klan in 1940 made a de
I finite effort to combine with the
I German-American Bund into ime
supreme “all Aryan” organization.
I Like chocolate, some people pre
Ifer conversation on the bitter
I sweet side.
■||r *k v
PACKED CONVENTION HALL—If you were looking down on the convention hall, this is what you
__ 1J have seen. Delegates representing an AFL membership of 7,151,808 listened to reports of past per
formance and made plans for future action. (Federated Pictures).
By HOMER AYRES, Federated Press
The concentrated anti-labor propaganda now being injected into
the public mind reminds me of the weed called “loco.” Loco is a habit
forming growth which flourishes with livestock ranges of the west. If
eaten to a sufficient degree by horses or asses, it drives them insane,
with no further objective in life save eating more loco. There is no
remedy for bad cases, which finally end in death, often premature.
The farmers of America—some of them—are fast becoming the
victims of a carefully planned and well financed campaign, the chief
feature of which is anti-labor loco, guaranteed, as a cure-all for any
thing from grasshopper plagues to farm machinery shortages.
Cooked up and refined in the laboratories of big business, it is
covered with a pink sugar-coating so that is can be swallowed whole
by the most suspicious or used as a candy by those who have their
guard down. It is found on every counter ready and waiting. And if
consumed in large enough quantities, it might well have the same re
sult as loco does on livestock.
The Farm Journal, owned by the Pews of Pennsylvanyi (Sun
Oil Co.), who are often referred to as the ninth family of America’s
rulers, is used as a hotbed for sprouting much of this anti-labor loco,
which is then transplanted and sp^gad all over the countryside.
The Farm Journal origin is TM sugar-coating that allays sus
picion. Before the 1944 elections FJ published a wicked smear
story on the Farmers Union, referred to as the “communist beach in
agriculture.” On the very eve of election day, this loco was reprinted
and mailed to thousands of rural boxholders by the National Tax
Equality Association, a main enemy of the farmer-owned cooperatives.
It was printed “anonymously”—but bore the tell-tale postoifice per
mit number.
This summer a labor smear story on the strikes in the underpaid
farm implement companies was spread for and wide, characterizing the
strikes as a “red” plot to cut down food production and starve the
world. It had no relation whatsoever to fact And was obviously thrown
out for republication—which is just what is happening to it.
One farm equipment company, I hear, had thousands of copies of
this “authoritative” story reprinted, undoubtedly to be circulated by
farm machinery dealers all over the country with the objective of
garnering farm votes for anti-labor congressmen and anti-union legis
Not every rural dweller is biting on this proffered loco, as the fol
lowing case attests, related to me by Ole Olson of Buxton, N. D., presi
dent of the great Groan maiketing co-ops of the northwest. Ole saw
one of these loco prints on the counter of an Allis-Chalmers dealer
in his neighborhood. After his rather positive explanation to the deal
er that the farmers around there were members of the Farmers Union
and didn’t use the weed, the dealer crumpled up the folder and tossed it
Beware of loco! Especially workers in unions situated in rural
areas should get busy aip campaign against the dangers of the weed.
Boston (ILNS)—The American
Watch Workers Union, in third an­
nual convention, acted to prevent
Communists from holding office in
the organization, which is indepen
Delegates unanomiously approv
ed an amendment to the by-laws,
which provides that any person
who is a Communist or belongs to
an organization dedicated to the
overthrow of the American form
of government shall not be eligible
to hold any elective or appointive
office in the national union or any
local affiliate.
Walter Cenerazzo, national
president, said there were “no
Communists in our union now and
we propose not to have any.” The
union is said to represent the 8,000
worksrs in the American jewelel
watch industry.
Whereas Almighty God in His infinite wisdom has seen
fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brother Garnet J. Pugh, and
Whereas, We, the members of Local Union No. 86, East
Liverpool, Ohio, recognize the loss of this brother who was
respected and esteemed by all his shopmates and fellow
Therfore, Be It Resolved, That we, the members of
Local Union No. 86 shall cherish and respect the memory of
his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy and esteem,
it is hereby further
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to his
family, a copy of this resolution be published in our official
journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes
of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also that
our charter be draped in mourning for a period of thirty
be draped in mourning for a period of thirty
Committee Local Union No. 86
Pry Loose Cattle
(Centinned From Pagf Onej
congressional elections) and the
industry^ attack on price control-
The UPW officials had with
them evidence of cattle concentra
tion in the mysterious-owned feed
lots in the form of enlarged photo
graphs taken at various market
centers. They said that in August
46,000 head of cattle were truned
back to feed lots from Omaha
stockyards, and 56,000 the first 25
days in September. Total cattle
received at Omaha stockyards in
September, 1945 when there were
no shortage was only 49,000 head,
they said.
The ordinary farmer, they said,
did not get the profit during the
price control holiday in July and
August. Althuogh some cattle was
then sold at new high prices, of
ficial records show the vast major
ity sold at the old OPA ceiling
they said.
Large Meat
v V ..........
found in one warehouse were the
sold holdings of his company, re
plied: “There undoubtedly is more
meat in other places.”
"FERGIE" kind says
Now Is the Time
to Buy Cool
Office 934 Homo 693
Railroad & Bollock Streets
Again we are having an Ameri
can Federation of Labor conven
Many things distinguish this
convention from. aJl previous con
ventions. i
But there are two matters that
top the others. One is the largest
membership ever represented by a
labor convention in the United
States. The other is that the Min
ers are “back home”.
Not many of the delegates will
take much time to think back to
the days when an American Feder
ation of Labor convention repre
sented men struggling for primary
rights. Those days are actually
gone, But there was a time when
those struggles were very real and
very serious. z ....
For example, there was the long
fight to outlaw the labor injunc
tion. The labor injunction was a
frightful thing, about which many
new union members have perhaps
never even heard, or but dimly un
The best general understanding
of the nature of the labor injunc
tion, its history and its cruelties
came when John P. Frey wrote
a series of scholarly articles for
International Labor News Service
and then put those articles into a
book which he had privately print
Then came the Clayton Act and
the Norris-LaGuardia Act and the
labor injunction was laid away in
moth balls.
You see, under the law as it
stood in those old days men could
be ordered by a judge, in an ex
parte hearing to cease doing
things that it was perfectly lawful
to do or to do things which men
had a lawful right to refuse to do.
In one notable case the Molders’
union and its members were even
ordered by a judge not to even
mention, by spoken or written
word or in any other way, that a
strike existed. If they did they
could punished for contempt of
that’s all over now.
has moved along and
other issues.
There was the yellow dog
tract, under the terms of which
workers were required to contract
not to join a union. That, too, has
passed into the limbo of institu
tions that have perished. It was a
vicious thing in its hey day.
And there was the company
union, which got its start toward
real prominence when the then
young W. L. Mackenzie King
came down from Canada to help
John D. Rockefeller put a new
front on his industrial structure
after the ghastly shooting of min
ers in Colorado and, if memory
gets the timing right, after Wood
row Wilson’s Industrial Relations
Commission had put the young
John D. through a marvelous
sweating (literally, for it was a
hot day in New York) regarding
the labor policies of the Rockefell
er empire.
v There were among labor lead
ers a few bold prophets who fore
saw that eventually the company
unions would turn into real unions,
but it took section 7-A of the
Roosevelt National Recovery Act
to end the career of the company
union as an institution of conse
The delegates now assembled
aren’t worried about those obsta
cles now. Men bled and surely
sweat to overcome them. And the
edifice of today rests upon the
ruins of those old evils.
Today there are new issues, but
where they concern the rights of
man and new ones are no more
Today we have inflation and its
possible growth we have the
United Nations and labor’s job on
the world stage we have the awe
some fear of a coming and utterly
devastating war. At least the fear
exists among enough people to
make it a matter calling for
fej dksM1 A
1 4 -S ^4 1 ».
Chicago (FP)—A sharp worded
warning that World War III would
be an air struggle over vast arctic
wastes was presented to the AFL’s
65th convention here Oct. 8 by
Gen. Carl Spaatz, commander of
the U. S. army air forces.
Spaatz’s speech was a call for
America to keep her armed might
and to have ready a skilled indus
tiral force to guard against sur
prise attack." J’
At a previous .session on the af
ternoon of Oct. 7, delegates gave
a standing ovation to Gen. Omar
N. Bradley, head of the veterans
Administration, when he told them
the U. S. won the past war be
cause labor and troops “fought and
worked together.” Now, veterans
must consider themselves primari
ly as workers and only secondarily
as veterans, he said.
Bradley defended his recent low
ering of payments to veterans in
the on-the-job training programs,
Abuses threatened the entire pro
gram, he said, pointing out that
many veterans were found to be
in jobs involving a normal flow of
promotion and were
“Until continuing
journeymen’s wages
the U. S. indicate that the level of
the ceiling is too high or too low,
we shall not take issue with those
levels enacted by law of Con
gress,” he said.
not really
studies of
Spaatz emphasized the need for
a strong and alert strategic air
force as the “only deterrent to sur
prise attack.”
“Only air power can defend this
country against attack through the
arctic,” the chief of U. S. military
aviation said. “Any preparation
program which ignores this fact is
a sheer waste of American time
and money.”
The air power chief was given a
rising ovation when he concluded.
His speech was followed by the
reading of a letter to the conven
tion from President Truman. After
less than an hour of deliberation,
This labor convention can and
possibly will make noteworthy
contribution toward the building of
final happiness, based on justice.
The opportunity is magnificent.
The need is tremendous.—CMW.
Broadway at Sixth St. "Established June, 1913” Phone 190
7, .,.7 .'•' r,, ,,
Thursday, October 17, 194«
Must Guard Against 'Super-Pearl y
Harbor,* General
Spaatz Tells AFL
the convention adjourned for the
day with most delegates ai^.
guests hastening to Hawthojr^j
racetrack to attend AFL Day p«
formanees there.
Spaatz said that in the event of
another war there will be no pro
longed period in which to build U.
S. strength. “There will be no time,
because America is the richest na
tion,” he said. “Any future ag
gressor would deal with America
He also declared the U. S. is
vulnerable to long rang attack be
cause its industry is- concentrated
and open to attack, especially
across the arctic.
“Across the artic,” Spaatz said,
“the industrial areas of Europe,
Asia and America are within range
of each other with airplanes now
in operation. Our B-36 can carry
a heavy bomb load 5,000 miles and
return to base,
enemy, capable of
power, will have
Fighting rogues
the sea...they struck
terror in the hearts
of men and captured
hearts of women!
They fought against
i may!capiainwilderness!lawless
Any possible
developing air
similar air-
some “super-
Warning against
Pearl Harbor,” Spaatz said peace
and freedom can be preserved only
through theyMnaintenance of
List Your Property
For Sale
Murphy & Craig
Real Estate Brokers
John Murphy, 60214 St. Clair
3 ’’Ave., Phone 2438.
Charles Craig, 108 East Sixth
•~k’3 ?SL, Phone 551-J.
We are daily receiving calls for
residence property in all parts
of the city. List your property
with reliable broken.
gkut action
A'Wr. i
Australia's Robin Hood and his daring band rs-livo ths breathless
days when mon fought, loved and died to carve a nation out of a
lawless wilderness I
Bring your car to our lubrication
specialists. They possess the “know how”
necessary to put your car in first-class
shape from a lubrication standpoint. The
best lubrication service in town costs you
no more than the ordinary kind.

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