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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, November 14, 1946, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1946-11-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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"VOIi’XIs. 'NO. 29
General Motors Decrees
$100 Price Hike On Cars
Detroit (ILNS)—Despite evi
dence of growing consumer re
sistance to high automobile
prices, the General Motors Cor
poration announced Nov. 11
that factory list prices on all
GM cars and most trucks pro
duced in* this country have been
increased *$100, effective at
The Wall Street Journal re
cently published results of a
cross-country survey which it
said “shows automobile dealers
deeply concerned” About the ef
fect of higher car prices.
the line to raw materials” do not
nearly account for the tremendous
rise in 1946 and indicated 1947 car
prices over 1941 automobiles. ,£
Washburn pointed out
executives that manufacturers to­
day are
«Iready'*iu-'b“|(LaFe danger
of charging
products than the people have,”
and yet are continuing efforts to
boost prices whenever they can—
“in order to maintain the highest
i (Turn to Page Two)
Writer Sees Much
To Be Gained By
Pottery Exhibit
Labor’s greatest' Show, the
Union Label and Industrial
hibition, has come and gone but
the memory will linger long, says
T. J. Desmond, Seventh Vice Presi
dent of the National Brotherhood
of Operative Potters in the follow
ing article sent in to the Herald
this week:
“It is rather difficult to describe
the Brotherhood effort at the St.
Louis A. F. of L. Label Exhibition.
One hardly knows where to begin.
Its true that over 300,000 people
passed through the Exhibition and
many, many thousands more were
turned away. Over 300 unions af
filiated with the A. F. of L. parti
cipated by displaying their goods
and services and some of them
were costly and’ splendid, but the
N. B. of O. P. show topped them
all by a wide margin. It was the
highlight of the whole Exhibition.
“It was a golden opportunity to
sell the American people the idea
of Union Label American-made
pottery and we took full advantage
of it. But what is more pleasing
is the knowledge gained from our
experience the American people
like it. They lingered at our ex
hibit, marveled at its beauty and
fairly showered ds with questions,
and be it said to their credit the
men sent to St. Louis by our or
ganization were able to answer
those questions.
“We told the story of the Ameri
can potter, his union, his product
and his industry. Before the eyes
of the people we made the ware
and showed them thousands of
pieces of the finished product.
There was beauty there. Hundreds
of members of the fair sex told
us so, .and would haw bought
every piece in the display, could we
have sold it. But there was nothing
for sale there. Everything was
awarded to someone luckly enough
to have one of the winning tickets
of the thousands we gave away.
That was a job in itself. As a
matter of fact on Friday evening,
the fourth day of the show, ever
70,000 people were in attendance,
all the crew had to quit work and
aid in giving out the tickets to the
clamoring crowd. .....
“Time after time people wanted
(Turn to Page Silt) 1
Cut Car Prices Or
Auto Workers Will
Demand Increases
Milwaukee (ILNS)-—It is time for the AFL United Aufo
mobile Workers of America to serve notice on all auto manu
facturers to reduce the prices of cars under existing wage
levels or face new higher demands, President Lester Wash
burn of the union told executives of the organization at a
recent meeting in international headquarters here., -:*V***
President Washburn declared that wage increases to auto
workers “do not justify the present disastrous high prices of
tears” and asked union executives to do everything possible
to urge auto manufacturers to
the mass pocketbook level of pur-1
chase again or suffer the ultimate
consequences of the average man
“doing without a car because he
can’t afford to own one.
In explaining the union's posi
tion, Washburn said that the in
crease allowed auto workers of 15
per cent during the war and the
general 18% cents an hour in
crease since V-J Day, plus even the
added labor costs “right back down
get the prices of cars down to
Ball Set Tcff
Offer Closed
Shop Ban
Top Man On All
Labor Quest ions’'61*
Washington (FP) When the
80th Congress convenes in Janu-1
ary, Senator Joseph Ball will be
but pointed to the outlawing of the
Squatters Take.
Over In Chicago
ed their intention of stavimr “un-
the top man in that body on all
labor questions.
Ball reached Washington Nov. I
8 to prepare his program and an
nounced that he has a double
barreled shot for American unions.
First off, Ball expects quick
passage of the Case anti-labor bill
—the measure that was so bad
President Truman vetoed it. Ball
thinks he can get it through the
Senate without the formality of
holding hearings.
Following up on that, the Min
nesota senator proposes to ban the m____________
closed shop.
10601"fl rrOgrOrii
In an interview at his office, |1M
Ball described the Case bill as aj"™
relatively easy measure to pass,
•4 *$
Us nek /Xauwu*
leogn WyCWu
A A WgaodgchHIW
closed shop as the primary GOP ... ,,
««««. H. .nJ CUriuburg. W. V*.-W.JjeaK.
form of agreement or contract in P™gr«m at the D. E. McNicot r*
which membership in a labor union 1^ will »oon be roll.ng along in
will be prerequisite to employment. h'«* Several have already
Ball put it this way: “ThereJ*1""* thevaluminum
have been a lot of bills talked Itreatments and by the
about which would outlaw specific tlme th,s s‘»fy V«nt,
abuses of unions, but most of themlman ra»re r""vl"' ‘rea‘
just chip away at the edges. The m'!‘“- D.\.Fer«ui,“n w“ 8 rwen‘
main bulwark protecting unions in K'^r’t Pla1‘ a"4 expressed
their abuse of power is the closed P18. “tisfaetion wUh the progress
shop. lb€'"k made
“If we abolish the closed shop,” The new dust collector for the
he explained smilingly, “other] two bowl finishers hss been in
abuses within labor unions will be (stalled and will soon be in opera
abolished by the rank and file or tion. Work has started on the in
union members themselves.” (stallation of a dust collector for
(Turn to Page Three) i |the clayshop, and should be com-
Ipleted in a short time.
The women in the glost ware
house are being furnished safety
goggles from the American Opti
cal Co., fitted to their eyes. Those
.not wearing glasses will be fur-
Chicago (FP)—The first major |nished with a hood.
squatters’ movement in the U. S. Production at the plant is still
hit a veterans housing project I running high and it was necessary
here when 60 ex-GI s and their Ion an apprentice jiggerman,
families took over unrented apart- (handler and turner. '.
ments in the yet unfinished 186-1 ». COmimr
unit Airport Homes and announc-1
td we ’ie throw!i out Broa- Carpino’raPld,y’
Leroy Jack Ward
|and Bob Cooley being the proud
The Grs, who included several (fathers.
Purple Heart holders and at least Bro. Dave Bevan gave an excel
one Presidential Citation wearer, (lent and encouraging report of a
said they applied to the Chicago (p|an adopted by the Central Labor
Housing Authority a year ago for|Uni)n for erecting a new Labor
permission to rent the apartments I Temple in Clarksburg. Organized
but that no action had been forth- (labor seems to have taken on a
coming. |new life in West Virginia. Per-
Over 125 units of the project (haps after scanning the results
have been completed and rented to (from the recent election, the labor
veterans but other finished apart- (ing class in the mountaineer state
ments have been standing vacant. (Turn to Page Two)
NLRB Hears Final Argument On
Mine Supervisors* Union Rights
Washington (FP)—The ticklish Ito represent them, but that they
legal problem of the right of sup-1 should not be in the same union
ervisory employees to organize and I with the rank and file miners. This
bargain collectively drew one step I would “entangle their loyalties,”
closer to solution Nov. 7 as the land already there was evidence
NLRB heard final argument of the I that union mine boses were not re
united Mine Workers and the (porting violations of safety rules
Jones A Laughlin Steel Corp. I by miners, he said. 'He pleaded
The case involves the Clerical I with the NLRB to rule in the pub
Technical & Supervisory Union, an I lie interest against the right of
affiliate of the UMW, and its ef- Imine bosses to join the UMW.
forts to bargain with JAL for I Union Attorney Samuel Krims
assistant mine foremen and crew lly attacked the contention that
boses in the captive Vesta-Shan-1 safety conditions suffered when
nopin mine at Pittsburgh, Pa. I bosses were organized. The union
Since the union won an NLRB I wanted to promote safety in the
election last spring for represents- Imines, not sabotage it. He remind
tion of supervisory workers at the led the NLRB that the UMW cam
mine, the company has refused to I paign for a federal mine safety
bargain. Early in October a trial I law had over the years been
examiner had heard the case anil I fought by the companies.
upheld the union complaint. I In Pennsylvania today, it was
Company counsel contended that (brought out, safety inspection is
the supervisory workers may be largely in the hands of the assist
employees under the Wagner act, ant mine foremen whose repre
hence entitled to an organization (Turn to Page Five)
alon* pretty
Iately w,th
(Turn to Page Five)
well, try
Nazi Network In
United Stated
New York (FP)—The network
of intrigue, involving high
persons in American life, by
the Nereis sought to soften U. S.
resistance to their plans for world
domination, has been revealed for
the first time in the now famous
reports which cost O. John Rogge
his job as assistant attorney gen
Working closely with the Nazis
were many groups and individuals
who still hold places of importance
and power in the U. S. The people
and organizations involved, sup
ported by facts and figures, were
contained in Rogge’s Justice De
partment report. .'
That report has been Suppressed
by the department. Rogge has car
ried his Case to the country in a
series of speeches partially reveal
ing the contents of his report. The
papers of the country have for the
(Turn to Page Two)
U.S. Veers Right*
As GOP Captures
House And Senate
Washington (FP) —J’Reaction
swung into the saddle with a ven
geance Nov. 5 as the Republican
party rqde America’s swift veer
to the right Tn choosing the new,
80th Congress.
With every signal pointing
sharply to enactment of the most
drastic type of anti-labor legisla
tion in January, the GOP took con
trol of both'the House and Senate
as libera! Democrats fell by the
wayside acrpssthe nation.
Comparatively few candidates
favored by labor survived the
sweeping Taft- Dewey landside.
These included Representatives
Helen Gahagan Douglas, John
Dingell, Vito ^areantonio, Adam
C. Powell,.,W. L. Dawson, A. J.
Sabath, A. J. Resa, R. J. Madden,
Louis Ludlow,. E. H. Hedrick, Sen
ators .Hurley Kilgore, and Joseph
C. b’Mahoney.
Crushed by overwhelming pro
test vote, w/j/e such pro-labor con
gressmen or Representatives Jerry
Voorhis, HughDeLacy, John Cof
fee, Frank Hook, Herman P. Kop
pleman, Charles R. Savage, Emily
Taft Douglas, and Andrew J. Bie
rniller, and Senator Joseph Guffey.
Some solance can be found in the
defeat of tory Representative An
drew J. May and the fact that Re
publican control of committees will
replace many reactionary southern
polltax Democrats with GOP mem
bers whose views may be slightly
better on many issues.
Hut the election of Representa
tive Richard J. Welch to the chair
manship of the House labor com
mittee. succeeding Representative
Mary T. Norton will only help
speed anti-labor bills to the floor.
JtoHers lie raid
^cl***** ft
Casters Hold
Spirited Session
Monday Evening
Shop-4»mnuttaft_xeports from |follows-
Brothers Don
A communication from the Lions I indorsed plan for establishing
Club regarding the sight saving |a jojnt Legislative Committee on
campaign now being waged by that Industrial and ^bor Relations,
group was endorsed and a cash|y^js COmmittee would seek to les
dopation made to this worthy pro-1 sen unemployment, and promote
better relations between labor and
At our next meeting on Nov. 25, management.
a Representative from the Youngs-( ______ ’_______________
town field- office of the social se-|t.
curity board will be present and
explain the proposed changes m(_
the present law to come before the
Mnrhinifita Charon TWA lat the
Violates Contract
Kansas City’, Mo. (FP) The
Transworld Airlines was charged
with breach of contract here by
the International Association of
Machinists as the result of layoffs
df non-striking TWA employees.
Union officials declared their
contract with the company pro
vides the airline must give 10 days
notice of intended layoffs and that
it failed to do so when it tem
porarily suspended all workers as
the result of the strike of pilots.
••w* -v,
I Outline Laws For
I General Assembly
Columbus—Maximum Ohio un-
lemployment benefits will be in
(creased from $25 to $30 weekly if
(the aims of the Ohio State Federa
|tion of Labor materialize.
The Federation’s Executive'
v| Board, meeting here November 9,
(adopted a broad Legislative Pro
.Igram, and improvements in un
employment compensation legisla
Jtion was the foremost subject un-^
Ider consideration.
j’| Michael J. Lyden, Acting Sec-*
*., Iretary-Treasurer, outlined other,
laws to be sought when Ohio Gen-j
|eral Assembly meets in January.
Phil Hannah, Assistant Secretary.
of Labor, and on
Io. S. F. L., was
leave from the
present at the
Seeks Adequate
Other legislation to be sought
An amendment to the Work
men’s Compensation Law bringing
.Jmaximum weekly payment to $30.
Increase of old age pensions
(from the present $50*to $60 a
month. 1
An Ohio F. E. P. C. law.
A state labor department pat
|terned after the New York sefr-up.
A state labor conciliation serv
__| ice.
An Ohio “Wagner Labor Rela-
Lyden said the complete legi.la-
MSS” w,“ld be ‘‘"noQ"^'
E^u’tTve"^*1"^ upon
(three resolutions referred to as
?hina phT Endowed a proposal calling for
nished the spark for an enthusms-1 more Hberal distribution of sales
tic meeting by Local Union No. 4 (reVenues to local subdivisions
Monday evening. Discussion fol-1of
thp gtate
lowing the reports, found many Reaffirmed the Federation’s op
taking the floor to air their opin- ition to a general gales tax, and
wn on dauses the agreement declared its intention to support
which they felt were not being en- (eqUjtable tax propositions to re
forced. (place it.
next congress. Every menber
should make It a point to be pres-( Washington, (FP)—Signs grew
ent at this meeting and hear first (here that the U. S. Department of
hand, the benefits to be derived Justice, after firing O. John Rogge
through old-age and survivors (as special assistant to the attor
benefit insurance.
U. 5. May Probe
ney general, was going to make
A fund raising drive to aid our (motions like investigating some of
brothers in Mannington, W. Va., I his charges.
has reached $159 to date. We hope U. S. Attorney Edward M. Cur
to reach the $200 mark when all ran has announced that two wit
returns are made.
|nesses to be flown here from Ger-
Cooper and many will appear before the fed-
Charles Thompson have until next eral grand jury soon in an effort
meeting the clear up their arrear-1 to obtain perjury indictments
age or face suspension. This no against two of the grand jury wit
doubt is an oversight upon the part nesses in the mass-sedition case,
of these two brothers, but the local Although Curran and the De
in enforcing the law, plays no|partment of Justice maintained a
favorites. (tight-lipped silence, there appears
It is with deep regret we an- (little doubt that one of these wit
nounce the passing of Bro. Harry (nesses Will be Herbert von Strem
Maylone who died recently, follow- (pel, political and press attache of
ing a lingering illness. As a mem- (the German embassy in Washing-:
ber in’good standing, his benefici-|ton.
aries will receive the full amount
Sixth Vice President George
Turner gave a very enlightening
talk concerning 1
pressing and the pioneering of I ..
casting. He traced the progress] Washington (FP) To get Japa
made from the old days and how hese trade unions workings on a
it was brought about through the sound basis Gen. Doug
suggestions and cooperation of the *as MasArthur wants the help of
workers, saving the pottery firms experienced AFL and CIO leaders,
thousands of dollars. His remarks Educational Director Mark Starr
were well received and should be |°f 91®. International Ladies Gar
heeded by the younger members at |ment Workero said Nov. 6.
the trade today.-O. C. 4. I Returning from a 6-week tour of
______ (Japanese production centers made
..... S _««^
Growing JapaneiB Unions Need
invitation of MacArthur,
I Starr told reporters that the Japa
Inese government’s pro-unionization
I policy today was the result of
I MacArthur’s directives. Unions in
Ijapan have now more than 4 mil
llion members, Starr said, ten tim^s
las many as before the war.
I The two major labor feredations,
I he said, are the National Congress
lof Industrial Unions with 21 affil
iates and 1,457,000 members and
(the Japanese General Federation
lof Unions with 1,069,000 members
(in 37 affiliates.
I “The unions vary, it seems, from
jnaCIUIUSlS cnaige 1 A re norters that the Jana-
Huge Climb In Costs Of Living
Revealed In Study Of Food Ads
-i .M
Chuck roast, which seven years
ago sold for from 15 to 17 epnts
per pound, is being currently of
fered at 45 cents.
Leg o’ lamb, which went begging
at 27 cents a pound, now draws 55
cents, if and when it can be had.
Pork roast in the middle of 1939
was being advertised here at 11
cents a pound. Today it was
at 63 cents a pound.
Hams, which sold seven
ago at 25 cents a pound,
bring 49 cents.
Veal cutlets, priced at 33
in 1939, today are 69 cents
Eggs were advertised in 1939 at
two dozen for 35 cents. Today a
single dozen sells for between 49
and 75 cents per dozen.
Peas back in 1939, in No. 2 cans,
were being advertised two cans for
23 eents. Today they are being
offered at from 13 to 29 cents for
the same size can.
Coffee was being advertised in
1939 at two pounds for 35
Today the same brand is
offered at two pounds for 61
Tuna fish, which seven
ago sold at two seven-ounce cans
for 23 cents, today costs 34 cents
per can.
Sliced peaches, which could be
purchased in 1939 at two cans for
25 cents, now sells for 25 cents
per can.
These are only a few typical ex
amples of the enormous soaring in
American living coeta -witiun the
(Turn to Page Three)
tallfchA .................
Local Union 173
To Nominate At
Meeting, Nov. 17
Frenchtown, N. J.—An improved
attendance greeted the officials of
Local Union 173 at their last meet
ing, but of course, there is still
room for a little improvement. We
were especially pleased to see so
many of our younger members
After some discussion about new
employees not joining the union, a
motion was passed to have a stew
ard appointed who will make a
survey of the plant each month
and make his report to the local.
Former president William Thomp
son was appointed by the chair
to fill the role. “Bill” has been
working for Uncle Sam during the
war,' but since his return to the
shop has been very active in the
It was also decided to take up a
collection each meeting, the money
to be used by the entertainment
committee for social gatherings
throughout the year. We think this
is a fine move and will tend to
promote harmony within our
Nomination of officers tor the
new term will be held at our meet
ing on Nov. 17. Refreshments will
be served following the meeting1
and we have the promise of First
Vice President Wheatley being
present, if circumstances will per
mit.—O. C. 173.
He/pt Sayi (dark Starr
company' unions on the one
treme to revolutionary agencies on
the other,” said Starr. MacArthur,
he said, had asked him to help in
getting experienced American
union leaders to come to Japan to
set up unions on a business-like
basis, with dues collections, collec
tive bargaining contracts and gen
eral union discipline.
A major need in Japan on which
Starr said both he and MacArthur
agreed was a government labor
department. Up to now conscrip
tion of labor for factories was in
the hands of the police, and work
ers’ welfare still is not a govern
ment function, he said. Govern
ment officials should be sent to
Japan to advise on this, said Starr,
and American employees should
visit Japan to instruct Japanese
factory-owners in both industrial
relations and production manage
(Turn to Page Five)
/-W* Ji
^$2.00 PER YEAR
5 4
Washington, D. C.—The almost unbelievable climb in
i living costs in the United States in the last seven years is
thrown into bold relief by a comparison of food advertise
ments published in Washington newspapers in June, 1939,
and those appearing November 1, 1946.
& Increases as high as 500 and 600 per cent were noted in
basic and routine items on the average American table.
In the field of meat an examination of the advertise
ments by the same chain store revealed that rib roast of beef
on June 23, 1939, was being sold in Washington at 25 cents a
pound and had soared by Novem-'
ber 1, 1946, to 69 cents a pound.
a Roff a son,
sisters, Mrs.
Local Union 35
Will Hold Party
Saturday Evening
Trenton, N. J.—Two people con
nected with the Scammell China
Co. over a span of years, answered
the call of their maker during Oc
tober. William Roff, retired dipper,
died Oct. 2, and John R. Scammell,
director of the company, passed
away on Oct. 20th.
Bro. Roff is surveved by his
wife, Elizabeth Dyer
William J., and two
Arthur Mellor and
Reese of Trenton, N.
Mrs.' Harry
Mr. Scammell, 82, husband of
the late Wella Wheeler Scammell,
was born in Llanally, Wales. Hav
ing received his early education in
Trenton, he entered the wire busi
ness in Massachusetts, where he
was instrumental in installing the
first wire rod mill in the country.
He was later connected with an
affiliate of the American Steel and
Wire Company, ami a director of
the Scammell Co. here in Trenton.
He' is survived by three sons, Mil
ton, Robert and John R. Scammell,
Jr. a daughter, Mrs. Edward Wil
liams of Passaic,’ N. J. a sister,
Mrs. William Baker of Morris
town and five brothers, Charles
H., Forest Hills, L. I. Scott, of
New York city, and Dr. Frank D.,
William, and Matthew J. Scam
mell, of Trenton.
During the latter part of Sep
tember, Mae Murfet, decal worker
changed her name to Mrs. Robert
Goodwin, and Betty Gorish, decal
worker, became Mrs. Len Shuster
on Nov. 9. Our best wishes to the
happy couples.
The new tunnel kiln is almost
completed and work is progress
ing very rapidly on the clayshop
Our annual party is planned for
Nov. 16, and we are looking for
a banner turnout. The committee
has made every effort to make this
party one of the best ever held by
Local 35 and we sincerely hope the
members will appreciate their ef
forts and be on hand for the party.
Kathryn Kitson, liner, has writ
ten several of her friends from
England and reports she is having
a fine time.—0. C. 35.
Local Union 124
Will Hold Party
Friday, Nov. 22
Members of Local Union 124 set
a record at their meeting Tuesday
evening when all matters to come
before the local were handled in
the customery fashion and the ses
sion adjourned within an hour’s
Chairman Paul Miller of the en
tertainment committee announced
that everything is in readiness for
the first social of the winter sea
son to be held in the Brotherhood
auditorium on Friday evening Nov.
The committee has spared no
effort of expense in arranging an
evening of entertainment that will
provide wholesome fun for every
one. Dancing will be the main di
version throughout the evening
with a top-notch band engaged to
furnish the music. Lunch will be
served in the basement and the
menu comprises everything to sat
isfy the wishes of the inner-man.
Tickets are now on sale and can
be purchased from any member of
the committee for the small
of fifty cents.
Greyhound Workers
Win 25% Increases
Omaha, Neb. (FP) Overland
Greyhound bus employees in 13
midwest states won wage increases
ranging between 25 and 31% cents
an hour under terms of a proposed
new contract here.
The proposals, accepted by
negotiating committee of the
Amalgamated Association of
Street Electric Railway and Motor/
Coach Employees, will be submit
ted to the membership for ratifi
cation. The votes will be tabulated
Nov. 10.

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