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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, December 26, 1946, Image 5

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Thundky, DMomfe 26, 1946
[Wholesale Corruption Laid
Bare In Sen.
^Washington (FP) The Bilbo
Plarihgs recessed late Dec. 19
after the Senate war investigating
I committee had spent almost two
weeks hearing charges and coun
ter charges of corruption, scandal
and lying from a score of witnes
tses laying bare the political rec-
|Man” Bilbo. ..
I Hundreds of interested specta
I tors who day after day crowded the
Senate caucus room to see the
squat, weazened-faced cigar-suck
ing Bilbo face his accusers, time
i and again were sent into roars of
laughter by unashamed admission
i of open corruption and conniving
by men from Mississippi who were
in the know.
But through the humor and
stage effects of the widely pub
licized hearings emerged a feeling
on the part of spectators, newsmen
and readers of the daily press that
Bilbo is on the skids. The evidence
against him is too damaging to
allow the Senate to seat him in
January and keep its own dignity.
Senator Homer Ferguson took
the lead in questioning witnesses,
and no doubt realized that he was
carrying the ball for the Republi
can party if it is to open the 80th
Congress with a triumph—unseat
ing the Bilbo who has been allowed
to disgrace his state and the na
Bkn through 12 years of a Demo
^Ratic majority.
Senator James Mead, committee
chairman leaving the Senate in two
weeks for private life, also seemed
to want to appear firm with the
polltax demagogue, ruling on the'
last day against Bilbo’s plea to
be allowed to make a 41-page har
angue to ther committee and the
press without interruption.
Called specifically to probe
charges that Bilbo had improperly
and illegally used his office as
I senator to favor war contractor
friends, the hearings brought out
several interesting angles:
1.—High ranking army officers
testified that Bilbo’s contractor
friends, though not the most quali
Ified, had been awarded contracts
for building several installments,
Army Air Base and Key Field, and
that Bilbo had turned on the heat
to get them.
2.—Bilbo had taken in during
the war years at least $75,060 in
•, gifts, including cash, automobiles,
^houses, and improvements on his
Pppularville estate.
3.—Bilbo had raised over $30,
000 irt socalled loans, much of it
from Mississippi war contractors.
4.—Bilbo claimed the gifts to
Is U. Si Press
(Continued From Page Ont)
Citing his experiences in China,
Johnston said: “Time after time I
have seen correspondents of Amer
ican newspapers file widely differ
ing stories about the same incid
ent to their respective employers.
tailored to fit the prejudices and
biases they know exist The
American reader is not presented
with facts and invited to draw a
conclusion, but often has his facts
distorted and his conclusions pre
Another guildsman, Leon Svir
sky, associate editor of Time, de
clares that upon close analysis it
is clear that “Russia and U. S. or
ganized labor come out as the chief
targets of journalistic carelessness
and outright inaccuracy. Most of
the stories which give clear proof
of garbling of the facts are in
these two fields of reporting.”
Peter DuBerg, staff member of
the New York Daily Mirror, cited
William Randolph Hearst’s wide
use of articles written by high
Nazis before the war as an exam
ple of the way “millions of readers
knew it.”
The Hitler gang is dead now,
DuBerg said, but the would-be
Hitlers are still around, snickering
at us for soft-headed suckers, us
our infantile conception of a
P1*88 f°r the death or enslave
inent of the survivors.”
Victor Weingarten, associate
editor of In Fact, points out that
“long before Winston Churchill’s
rhetoric produced an ‘iron curtain’
the nation's newspapers had
perfected a more subtle ‘velvet cur
I tain’ which smothered important
news without which it is imposs
ible to form intelligent opinion.”
Citing the increasing trend to
ward monopoly ownership of the
nation’s press, Weingarten said
that of the 1,749 daily newspapers
in the country today, it is difficult
to name 1 per cent—17 papers—
which accurately report the activi
of organized labor or liberal
anizations, or are as much con
cerned with the threat of fascism
as they are with “menace” of com
Press chains today control more
than 40 per Cent of all daily news
paper circulation, 50 per cent of all
Sunday circulation, and two of the
three major wire services, he said.
Former Mirror correspondent
George Marion said: ‘To me the
entire commercial press represents
the principle of keeping the
public mind saturated with pro
Big Business philosophies and the
day-to-day propaganda of Big
In the face of this'Milking un
animity among experienced cor-
Bilbo Probe
him were given out of pure friend
ship, that he is “a very poor man
heavily involved in debt,” and that
he fully intended to pay back all
his creditors.
5. —Sworn testimony showed
Bilbo had taken in close to $30,000
for building and maintenance of
Juniper Grove Baptist Church and
adjoining parsonage, had put
money into a bank account in
control, and that most of
money is missing.
6. —Bilbo was accused of having
taken the life savings of an aged
drug addict in return for his help
in getting morphine from the fed
eral narcotics bureau.
7. —Edward Terry, former Bilbo
secretary, testified to three sepa
rate threats against his life if he
dared to take the stand against his
former boss.
In a long-winded attempt to re
fute the charges against him, Bil
bo said his real enemies, commun
ists and Negroes, were not inter
ested in the charges of financial
corruption. “They know I am not
guilty of any acts involving moral
turnitude,” he burbled, having dif
ficulty making himself understood
without his lower denture.
He claimed the charges arose be
cause of his “racial views” and
that his enemies are not willing
for him “to enjoy freedom of
speech as guaranteed by the bill
of rights.” He then spent the rest
of the day defending his gift-tak
ing and loan-swinging.
Committee hearings may be re
opened after Christmas.
General Motors
Well Heeled For
New York (FP) General
Motors Corp, has a 100 million dol
lar fund, hastily raised in Wall
Street a month ago, which it may
use to beat down expected wage
demands of the United Auto Work
ers early next year, Sylvia F.
Porter, New York Post columnist
reported Dec. 9.
Although GM can be expected to
deny that it intends the fund for
strikebreaking purposes, “highly
informed men, who usually know
what they’re talking about, do be
lieve the threat of more strike
trouble in 1947 was the impulse
behind the financing,” Miss Porter
GM’s stock sale in November
was “an extraordinary deal,” she
pointed out. Conditions in the sec
urities market were- pretty bad and
there was no previous indication
that GM needed a lot of cash in a
hurry. “Yet, in this not-so-hot
market,” she said, “the company
decided to offer 100 million dollars
of preferred stock at $100 a share
This was the biggest single
industrial financing in history. GM
is certainly in a terrific cash posi
tion now.
Evidence that GM was buttress
ing it financial position to prepare
for a life-and-death struggle with
the union came at the
Bankers Association’s
Miss Porter attended
During an anti-union
head of a major Wall Street house
remarked: “Well, GM will stop
them next year—if those automo
bile boys try any more stunts. The
company has its 100 million dollars
now and it can answer any of their
demands with ‘All right, here’s our
financial statement. Look it over.
We can stay out as long as you
can and longer.’
in Florida,
tirade, one
Miss Porter checked with other
bankers at the meeting and found
they all agreed that was the pur
pose of the GM financial deal. One
banker told her: “If anyone is
ready to lead the fight, it’s GM.
And Wilson has other big ones in
industry to go along with him as
long as necessary.”
GM President Charles E. Wilson
was one of the top U. S. industrial
ists who attended a number of sec
ret meetings as the Waldorf-As
toria last winter where concerted
action was planned against labor’s
first big postwar wage increase
drive. i
Washington (FP)—Win, lose or
draw, the United Mine Workers
will drop $35,000 into the pockets
of Uncle Sam’s fee grabbers be
cause of the federal court fine in
the contempt case.
Court regulations provide a fee
of 1 per cent be taken as a “hand
ling charge” on all fines when
securities of cash are used for
bond. UMW President John L.
Lewis, finea $10,000 for which he
posted a cash bond of that sum,
will find his dough amounts to
only $9,0C0 if he gets it back.
Demand the Union Label.
respondents, a recent session of
the American Press Institute
brought from assembled newspaper
editors the opinion that union lead
ers are making “unwarranted gen
eralizations” about news distortion
and suppression in an effort to
break down the public’s trust in
etaoin shidlu cmfwyp vbgkqj
“The meeting will please come to
order,” announced Little Luther.
“If the bubble-gum caucus in the
back of the room will break up, we
can proceed.”
“Point of personal privilege,”
yelled Tinker Jones'.
“Stand up when you ask for a
point,” said Little Luther.
“I can’t,” said Tinker. “The last
kid that sat here parked his gum
on top of the chair instead of un
der, and I’m stuck.”
“Sergeant-at-arms, pry the
brother loose,” Little Luther order
ed. “First order of business is
how come candy bars went up to
6 cents and ice cream cones to 11
“Move we separate the ques
tions,” shouted Tillie Thompkins.
“Are your dues paid up?” de
manded Little Luther.
“Don’t get technical,” Tillie
“If you get technical about a
motion I can get technical about
your dues, sister. Just flounce
down to the dues window and pay
up. Strange how the hitch-hikers
like to drive this union car from
the back seat.”
Tillie fuounced.
“Point of order,” roared Pinky
Davis from back near the door.
“What motion are we voting on?”
“If you’d separate yourself from
that pop stand and get to the
meeting on time you’d know there
wasn’t motion on the floor,” Little
Luther informed him.
“No motions yet?” inquired
Pinky. “Lemme know when you
get started. I’ll be out sucking a
“You just keep on bouncing in
and out of here and you’ll be plain
out before you know it,” Little
Luther warned him.
“I move we give the candystore
proprietors a vote of thanks for
not raising the prices any high
er,” suggested Quisly Phelps, “and
send a copy to President Truman.”
“The second part of your mo
tion I accept,” said Chairman
Luther, “but as for the first part,
you little stooge, I saw Mr. Brink
erhoff give you a banana split
free just before the meeting.”
“Luther!” called Mr. Dilworth
from upstairs. “Have you taken
out the ashes yet?*’
“The chair regrets,” Luther in
formed the Errand Boys Union,
“that the. power of the bosses is
not yet broken. The chair must
haul out the ashes. The meetings
stands adjourned sine die.’’
Picketing Major
Newsstands New
Twist In Strike
Philadelphia (FP) Picketing
major newsstands, a new twist to
increase the effectiveness of a
newspaper walkout, has helped
striking members of the American
Newspaer Guild here and in Com
den, N. J., to slash the circulation
of J. David Stern’s Record and
Courier-Post 25 to 35 per cent.
Circulation of the Record, ac
cording to the Philadelphia-Cam
den guild leaders, has been cut by
70,000 daily since the strike began
Nov. 7 while the Evening Courier
and Morning Post Circulation in
Comden has dropped from 85,000
to 55,000.
Strikers’ original demand was
for a $100 top minimum for exper
ienced news writers. The present
top minimum is $68 and the pub
lishers’ highest proposal was for a
12 per cent raise.
Meanwhile sweating newspaper
executives, who are putting out the
papers, were red-faced over an
other problem—boners.
A Courier society page featured
the picture of a “Bride.” The same
picture appeared a week earlier
with the announcement she was
seeking a divorce.
A bridegroom was listed as mar
rying the wrong party.
A report of an Armistice Day
parade misspelled the names of
prominent persons, mistakenly
listed Local 1, Industrial Union of
Marine & Shipbuilding Workers as
Broadway at Sixth St
LABOR DELEGATES WANT ACTION—Increased workers’ edu
cation was urged at the recent Labor Department’s 13th national con
ference on labor legislation meeting in Washington. Here Secretary
Treasurer John Reid of the Michigan Federation of Labor calls for
more union participation in the administration. “Labor doesn’t want
merely to advise—to be used as window dressing,” he declared as dele
gates applauded. (Federated Pictures).
Appeals Court Uf
Right In United
Washington (FP) Organized
labor won another round Dec. 16
in the battle for full union rights
for supervisory workers, when the
U. S. Court of Appeals here up
held a lower court ruling that
Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp, could
not enjoin the federal government
from recognizing a union of fore
men in captive coal mines.
The 3-man court was unamfhotls
in denying the steel company’s ap
peal, based on the argument that
the Clerical Technical & Supervis
ory Employees of District 50,
United Mine Workers should not
be allowed to represent certain
mine foremen and fire bosses. 4
lawyers claimed that in a haz
ardous industry the supervisors re
sponsible for enforcing safety
should not be in the same union
with the rank and file miners.
The court referred to an earlier
NLRB ruling which said: “The
numerous safety regulations pre
scribed in the (Pennsylvania
mining code are.jirimaribtliox 1M
protection of the mine personnel
working underground and not fqk
the protection of company prop
erty. We fail to see, therefore, why
supervisors represented by an af
filiate of the union that is the col
lective bargaining agent of the
rank and file miners, should be
less solicitous of the safety of thp
miners who are also fellow union
members than non-unionized or in
dependently represented foremen
Washington (FP) the Ninth
Circuit Court of Appeals at Seattle
Wash, has upheld a NLRB deci
sion limiting a union’s
have a worker dismissed
closed shop contract.
holds Foremen
ine Workers
right to
under a
When the NLRB order
ing the workers was refused by
the Portland (Ore.) Lumber Mills
at the request of the Brotherhood
of Carpenters, the NLRB sought
enforcement in the courts.
The individual involved was
Ward Wilmarth, member of the
A FL union, who appeared as an
observer for the niternational
Woodworkers at an NLRB election
the CIO lost.
We are equipped
render complete Funer
al and Ambiance Ser
vice, Promptly.
Funeral Home
145 W. Fifth 8L
Ohio and
IF. Fa.
“Established June, 1913”
would be.
“It would appear that member
ship in the union which represents
rank and file members would not
interfere with proper enforcement
of the safety regulations designed
for the protection both for him
self and his union associates.”
Justice Bennett Champ Clark,
giving- the opinion, also turned
down a & argument that the
government should not recognize
a union by consent, without an
NLRB election. Clark said the
court knew of no law “which pro
hibits an employer from recogni
zing any union as an exclusive rep
resentative without any proceed
ings before the NLRB.”
If & may recognize a union
without an election, the govern
ment may do the same, he said.
Although the decision affects
only four & bituminous coal
mines immediately, it is seen as
having a heavy bearing on the
outcome of a more general case be
fore the NLRB and involving the
same issue representation of
mine supervisors by the UMW. The
NLRB is expected to rule on the
case shortly.
through a
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umn mm a'aflMauB.
THOSE experts who see perman
ent prosperity just around the cor
ner can’t be Truman’s friends
sounds like Herbie Hoover’s get
ting ready to run again after being
fired by 22,821,857 voters back in
a roll of Life Savers
up to 6 cents in many
stores, normalcy was restored by
the A 4 in Detroit at 4 cents a
roll—first break since P^irl Har
orite union member. He’s waiting
for some union to pass a resolution
resenting the outside interference
of the bosses in the union’s busi
Xmas comes but one a year,
And when it does, it brings good
Last year I quaffed hot Tom and
Now I’m down to water beer.
Wall Street reports that the
year 1946 suffered from shortages
of everything but profits.
It’s generally agreed that Mas
ter Meader brought back some
highly colored stories about moral
ity in Germany.
CYNICAL CELIA says the only
thing that’s on the up-and-up now
adays is the cost of living.
Anyhow, Tabby got a beautiful
Xmas present wrapped in glass—
a quarter pint of cream.
Liberal Trade-In*
Allowance, or
Liberal Credit to
Persons Building
or Remodeling
Exceptionally Low
Finance Charge.
Easy Monthly
Budget Payments.
3. Low Rate Avail*
able for Cooking
Vet! Spokesman Hits End
Of Building Controls
New York (FP) President
Truman’s lifting of building con
trols and rent ceilings on new
housing leaves four million home
less veterans* families in the U. S.
out in the cold, veterans’ spokes
men charged here.
Hitting Truman’s new housing
as a return to “business as usual,”
Housing Chairman Franklin D.
Roosevelt Jr. of the American Vet
erans Committee warned: “The
building industry will now have a
field-day constructing high cost
homes for the wealthy, night clubs,
theaters and juke boxes.
“Homes for veterans will still
rent or sell at prices far beyond
what they can pay. The removal
of ceilings and controls over homes
for veterans means literally' that
there will be no roofs over the
heads of the men who fought and
won the greatest war in history.
“Only emergency measures will
break the housing bottleneck in
America,” Roosevelt said, pledging
a renewed A VC fight to maintain
rent controls without change and
to obtain speedy passage of the
Wagner-EUender-Taft bill.
An A VC spokesman pointed out
that in addition to the four mil
lion people throughout the coun
try in emergency need of hous
ing, another seven million are liv-
Eyes Examined
Glasses Fitted
Office Hours: 9 to 5
Evenings 7 to 9 By
PHONES: 2378 Office
2264-R, Residence
Quitch to
mg in substandard
Truman’s new policy will put the
prices of homes further than ever
out of the reach of these people,
he said. While official government
figures show that the average vet
eran can afford to pay $43-a
month rent, the Truman announce
ment broke through the present
?80 rent ceiling to permit even
higher rents so long as the “aver
age” is $80.
Boston (FP)—Employees of the
Union News Co. in three Boston
railway terminals voted 184 to 154
for representation by the United
Office A Professional Workers as
their bargaining agent
Well Pull With You
We feel that in each banking
transaction whether it be
accepting the deposit of a cus
tomer or extending a personal
loan ... we are not merely
serving one individual, but
helping to set in motion a chain
of events which will add to the
productivity, and wealth of our
entire community.
First National
502 Market Street
Over Peoples Drug Store
East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank
Member F. D. I. C.
Phone 914
cookery is best
HERE'S one big advantage in being in
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Grandma has weathered through years
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