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Pi I ar wi Mi Y tb Pl w te i tl 4 in ti n in ai V ti in tl i 81 ij tl 2 ti V J1 -IV., I *1 a T- ■3 v n ts' if, i Sen I I 4 I ■A .1 ft :fa. a Slje, JMfetjS OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF a, THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS and Hast Liverpool trades a labor council Fublisbcd every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., ownin* and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State. Entered at Poetoffice, East Liverpool, Ohio,. April 20, 1902, as second-class matter. Ac cepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1109, Act of October IS, 1917, authorized August 20. 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. ef O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL---------------- .Editor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada— --------——82.00 i President-------------------------------- James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752. East Liverpool, Ohio First Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Brood Street National Bank Building, Trenton 8. New Jersey. Second Vice President----- Frank Hull, 2704 E. Florence Ave.. Huntington Park, Canf. Third Vice President James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice President-. Charles Zimmer. 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Vice President——George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9, New Jersey Sixth Vice President—.George Turner. 215 W. Fourth Street, East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Vice President— T. J. Desmond, 825 E. Lincoln Way, Minervau Ohio Eighth Vice President Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treasurer........ Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, OMo GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL Operatives CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, HARRY PODEWELS CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manafaeturara .................E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ OperativM BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN, CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers .—ROBERT DIETZ, Sr., MARGARET PARKER, RAY BROOKES Operatives.......................... JAMES SLAVEN, THOS. WOOD, ROLAND HORTON OTHER UNIONS’ MONEY QOME CIO unions are apparently spoiling for bigger and & better trouble. Unmindful of recent lessons, their leader ship continues to fan the fires of economic warfare by reck less threats and the announcement of “a counter-offensive to turn back the drive of corporate reaction.” On top of these war yells has now come a proposal of the executive board of the CIO United Automobile Workers Union for the setting up of a point strike fund—by the AFL, CIO and Railroad Brotherhoods—as a part of a program for na tional labor unity and coordinated trade union action. The reasons behind this strange proposal is obvious. The CIO-UAW treasury has been depleted to such an extent as to make another drawn-out conflict virtually impossible. Reserv es have shrunken from $1,500,000 before the union’s disast trous General Motors strike to less than $400,000. Evidently, these hard pressed leaders are not averse to helping themselves to a good slice of other unions’ money—if it can bo had. Compare the CIO tantrums with the broad concept of George M. Harrison, able president of the AFL Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, who recently wrote: “At this critical period we need a larger appreciation of our national interest, our respective rights and mutual re sponsibilities. Our system of private competitive capitalism must continue to be the foundation of our nation’s peaceful and expanding 'economy. We must reestablish the rights of free property and free choice of action. Free competition and free men are the strength of our free society. ... If we are to maintain free enterprise in America with all that the term implies, we must also maintain maintain freedom of labor with all that it implies. Certainily there is a clear and insepar abel between the two which makes the maintenance of one contingent upon the maintenance of the other.” We wonder whether the CIO union membership will in time learn the facts of life and secure for themselves a leader ship that thinks constructively and puts first things first. MAY BE A LESSON IN THIS rpHE VERY light-headed Senator Ball of Minnesota could 1 learn something from the recent Oakland general strike. For example: the two big department stores which refused to have an.\ thing to do with the Retail Clerks Union, based their objection on the ground that they belonged to an asso ciation whose members were pledged to deal with Unions only on an industry-wide basis. In other words, unless the Unions came in to represent all the workers in all the Oakland depart ment stores, they would not deal. Senatar Ball, however, says he wants a law to prohibit Unions from signing industry-wide agreements. He wants to limit agreements to single employers in an industry. Incident ally, Senator Ball will fight for a law to abolish the Closed or Union Shops for Unions of working people, not for Unions of employers. Which reminds us that Ball was one of the authors of the bill introduced in the last Congress providing for com pulsory arbitration, but changed his mind when industry pro tested. Senator Ball, and other enemies of Unions, could learn something if they would study the Oakland strike, or in fact, if they would give a small fraction of the attention they now devote to the wishes of the employers, to the problems of the working people. i A------------------- THE REASON FOR THE LAG A NATIONALLY known agency, which is in the business of giving advice to business and industry, predicts that wages for Organized Labor will increase during the coming y ir, but laments that the wages of the so-called white-collar workers and the others who are unorganized, will lag far be hind. This is just another way of saying what lalior has long telling the unorganized. As individuals they cannot hope to make the progress in the field of wages and working condi tions that the members of strong Unions can achieve. This applies as well to the white-collar folks as to the workers in tie big corporation gas and service stations, who have always been underpaid and who are still working for less than Union it is interesting to note that the big fellows are at last F^’Tiittinr that what I-alxir has been saying so long is abso lutely true. It will be even more interesting when the unor ganized htop moaning and join Unions. s A-------------------- 1 MOKE ABOUT WAGES AND PRIC ES QO YOU have been told that prices are sky high because v.ui‘b have gone up and that further increases in wages will force price boosts? Well, 1 t’s have a look at Swift & Company, one of the big-four rru at packing corporations. During the fiscal year which ended October 15, this company racked up four million dollars more in profits than in its previous big earning year of 1945. Yet, tonnage sales were down 11 per cent. No won der Swift’s presiilent, John Holmes, probably with tongue in cheek, announced that the profits are “the most unusual in its history.” Wages of Swift's employees went up during 1946, much to the pain and chagrin of management. But, let’s see what else happened. Though wages and salaries increased a little over $2,(’'0,000, profits increased $4,000,000. Did wage boosts drive up prices What do you think ARE LABOR UNIONS MONOPOLISTIC? TIITLpR had a favorite propaganda trick of accusing his opponents of his own crimes. Today certain big business interests are copying this Hitler technique. It is a matter of common knowledge that a small handful of giant corporations and banks exercise a controlling influence on American indus try. United States Senator O’Mahoney, of Wyoming, the fore most trust-buster in Congress, has publicly denounced these comines as the most dangerous form of monopoly. Yet today these very same business interests are financing a deter mined propaganda campaign to make the American people believe that labor unions are monopolies and therefore ought to be broken up by restrictive legislation. Because such legislation is going to be intrdouced at the next session of Congress, the public ought to know the facts about the ridiculous charges against labor. A monopoly or a trust is a combination in restraint of trade. It is a device by which a few people gain control of a commodity, and, for their own private enrichment, force the public to pay a higher price for it than is warranted. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act forbids such practices. At the beginning of this century, efforts were made to apply this law against labor unions. But in 1914, Congress, after examining all the facts, adopted the Clayton Act which specifically states that the labor of human beings is not a commodity or article of commerce and that labor unions, therefore, cannot be prosecuted under the Sherman Act. But let’s go beyond the legal definitions and get to the heart of this issue. It is an incontrovertible fact that the trade union movement has concentrated it efforts, not on private enrichment of a few, but on lifting up the income and living standards of all the American people. Does any one seriously believe that the American standard of living would be as high as it is today if it were not for the labor unions and if the wage-earners of our country had to depend on the gener osity of profit-hungry employers The next argument of our opponents is that the so-called closed shop creates a monopoly of jobs for union members and shuts out nonunion members from good employment oppor tunities. Now that might sound plausible if it were not for the fact that the trade union movement spends most of its time and money in trying to get new members in, not to keep them out. Doesn’t that explode the charge of monopoly? The proper name for the closed shop is the union shop. Its pur pose is to protect the union from being undermined by hostile employers. Those who are supporting legislation to outlaw the closed shop or the union shop are really trying to destroy the unions entirely. Thorughout its history the trade union movement has battled untiringly for better economic and social conditions for the common people of our country who would be helpless without organization. Such great reforms as free public schools, the eight-hour day, social security and the minimum wage law have been won largely because organized labor fought for them. If that constitutes monopoly, then some thing is wrong with the dictionary. LET LABOR SPEAK IpROM senatorial offices in the capital comes word that, to 1 quote the Associated Press, “union leaders should be given the first opportunity to propose strike-averting changes in labor laws.” That is a sensible suggestion, and one which, we feel sure, will not be taken amiss by the constructive minded leaders and membership of organized labor. The events of the past year leave no doubt that changes in present labor legislation are in the offing. Congress seems determined to enact measures designed to curb the allegedly excessive powers of trade unionism. To figure out where re sponsibility for this state of affairs lies, is an unprofitable exercise at best. In any event, nothing can be gained by mutual charges and recriminations which throw additional stumbling blocks on the road toward national economic re covery. We do not share the opinion of some legislators that or ganized labor is unwilling to cooperate. To deprive Congress of the benefit of union advice in matters that concern the live lihood and welfare of the American people, would be short sighier indeed. Moreover, it is contrary to the constructive outlook and past policies of the American Federation of Labor. We rather agree with the view of the senior Senator from Colorado that “responsible labor leaders recognize that everything is not perfect, and that they will have some very constructive and worth-while ideas.” None of the issues before Congress seems to us as im portant«nd far-reaching in its effects as the task of dealing constructively with our tanbled government-industrial-labor relations. To work out measures that will place American postwar economy on an even key while at the same time pro tecting labor’s well-earned gains, is bound to tax the good will, ingenuity and patriotism of the nation’s statesmen. We hope Congress and Administration will live up to the task. We trust that the Republican majority will be guided by the view point of Senator Robert A. Taft, expressed last summer, that while there is need for legislation rectifying abuses, “strikes cannot be prohibited without interfering with the basic free dom essential to our form of government, and the basic laws which raised labor to an equality in dealing with employers must not be abandoned.” RIDING FOR A FALL TN A CAREFUL and conservative study of the economic 1 state of the nation, Robert R. Nathan Associates have assembled government statistics on wages, prices and profits which point to this inescapable conclusion: Our economy is riding for a fall, with disastrous results for all sections of the population, unless something is done im mediately to close the ever-widi ng gap between lower wages and purchasing power, on the one hand, and sky-high prices and profits, on the other. The report points to the unsoundness of the present “boom”, based on high production, high prices and super profits, but accompanied by the sharp decline in mass pur chasing power. “The demand for some types of goods and services has already softened,” it notes. “Millions of low-income families find themselves priced out of the market. “Long-term prosperity must be based on expanding mass buying power. It cannot be achieved by shrinking the buying power of the workers in order that profits may risa far be yond reasonable and stable nevels.” In the past two years, the report shows, average weekly earnings of manufacturing workers have declined even in dol ars and cents. When account is taken of the increase in living costs, as shown even by the conservative Bureau of Labor Statistics index, real weekly earnings of manufacturing workers have dropped so far that, by the end of 1916, an increase of about 23 per cent will be necessary to bring them back to the level of January 1945. In the durable goods industries, the decline has been still sharper, so that a rise of 27.5 tier cent would have been re quired in October 1916 to restore real earnings to the January 1915 level. Meanwhile corporate profits after taxes are approaching 15 billion dollars for this year, which is 50 per cent higher than the'war peak and an all-time high for the United States. The present profit level, after taxes, in fact, is 3*74 times as high as the average of the pre-war years 1936-39. i By 9 7/ CALLING 71 7 bn the h\CCAPITAL’S CUFF TRAVIS K. HEDRICK, Federated Press LABOR’S OUTLOOK BRIGHTENS 5 Washington—Labor’s outlook for the New Year is not so dismal as it first appeared. The U. S. Supreme Court has done the movement a good deed in widening the field for the appeal of the United Mine Workers from the 3.5 million dollar fine assessed against it for viola tion of Justice T. Alan Goldsborolgh’s strike-busting injunction. Instead of merely deciding whether Goldsborough was within his rights in issuing the restraining order against the soft coal strike, the high court now takes over the broader constitutional and legal issues involved. These quesions bring up whether the temporary restraining order had any validity under the 1st and 18th amendments to the Constitution —those that guarantee free speech and prohibit involuntary servitude. The right of free speech goes directly to whether UMW President John L. Lewis, himself fined $10,000, coijld inform members of his union that there “is no contract,” or conversely could be forced by the court to order the coal diggers back to work without one. And the question of involuntary servitude arises in whether the government, “in the use of its sovereign power” can force miners, into the pits on pain of being held in contempt or guilty of conspiracy to violate Goldsborough’s order. So the whole field of the government’s power of injunction, with the background of the Norris-LaGuardia anti-injunction act protecting labor, will be before the Supreme Court arguments in the UMW case open Jan. 14. Because, of this widening of the issues, there is abundant reason for optimism in labor circles, even though the court’s dicision may be as close as 5-4. 4 LUCE’S FORTUNE NOT LABOR’S Further evidence that Henry Luce and organized labor still aren’t kissing cousins, to say the least, comes from the January issue of $l-a copy Fortune. Luce hasn’t given up his idea of the “American century/4 and in an article on “The Promise of the Republican Return,” calls upon the GOP to be for the closest inter-relationship between political liberty and private business enterprise. The major promise of the Republicans, Fortune finds is this: “belief in a dynamic and expansive American capitalism can yet be welded to the spirit of broad internationalism. But more: a dynamic capitalism may indeed be the one way in which U. S. internationalism can be given practical expression.” Fortune also blows the bugle for GOP action against labor, stating: “The issue raised by Mr. Lewis and the United Mine Workers will prove a blessing if at long last it has driven home the fact that no democratic government can exist unless it possesses those ultimate ‘reserves of power” to deal with any particular group that puts itself above the law.” The magazine article demands the “restoration of the equality be tween labor and management before the law through amendment of the Wagner act, the application of the broad philosophy of the Sherman (anti-trust) act to unions, and a hard look at specific unicm abuses, in cluding the pyramided power within unions themselves.” Who want peace with Luce ■3 V SANTA HAS TO MOVE FAST Perhaps the meanest man is a statistical stooge in Washington who figured out there can’t be a Santa Claus. With a slide rule and a copy-book pony, this guy didn’t dilly-dally with figures—he just let the kids have it: If Santa started at the International date line and followed Xmas eve west at one time zone an hour, and a juvenile population of 540 millions, he would have to fill stockings at the rate of 6,250 per second. His average velocity would be 2,187 miles per second. His acceleration between stops would be 660 million times that of gravity, using 10 trillion horsepower. And Santa and his reindeer would “become incandescent almost instantly, and would soon attain a temperature equal to that of the sun.” STRAIGHT By ED HUGHES, Federated Press ARMED FORCES NEVER YET PRODUCED A RING CHAMP Around cauliflower haunts some speculative fight managers feel that the war shortchanged them. The He-Can’t-Hurt-Us guys cannot understand why the armed services didn’t produce a budding heavy weight champion. The answer is simple: The armed services never have, probably never will—especially in wartime. Yet the pipedream has persisted since World War I that battle training equips gladiators for the ring as well as for the battlefield. Gene Tunney revived this cockeyed myth a few months before Pearl Harbor. Said the next champ “is now in training in our armed forces.” He took a deep draw on the pipe too, predicting the phantom clouter would not only dethrone Louis but become an “even greater champion” than Joe. However, this formidable warrior is still to be heard from. It is true that a certain number of young men who never tossed leather before learn the fundamentals in service life. The routine of camp life toughens them physically too. But muscular young men ?re a dime a dozen in this country and the knowledge of boxing they pick up in camp life is strictly kindergarten stuff. It’s after the service career that the young gladiator attends classes in the University of Cauliflower. Tunney himself is an example of that. Gene had fought professionally before he joined the marines in the first war. He won the AEF light-heavy title, beating Bob Martin, who later won the service heavy-weight laurels. Pugilistically Tunney was as green as a new dollarbill when ne left the service. Tunney strug gled to the top the flinty way. He topp ups and downs for eight years before plastering Dempsey. I remember Bob Martin very well. He was a handsome finely built young fellow out of the West Virginia hills. Mild mannered and boyish. It seemed a shame to expose his body and brain to the merciless leather traffic of Cauliflower. He had been overpublieized too. His manager persuaded Gen. Pershing to foolishly announce that Martin was “the real champion of the world.” Not Jack Dempsey, understand. I recall Martin’s first appearance in a N. Y. gym. The city-bewilder ed youth started to punch tne bag but discovered he DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO KEEP IT MOVING! He was that crude. Martin was a cour ageous fellow, a knockout hitter, but he was a slow thinker. He never acquired boxing polish or ring savvy. Within three ypgrs he was taking cruel whippings after showing “promise.” Martin was much the worse for wear when he tottered from hisdast ring. He spent time in a hospital before recovering from the punishing of being Pershing’s “real heavyweight champion of the world.” Last I heard of him he was a policeman back in the old home town. 1 Uncle Sam’s armed forces don’t make heavyweight champions. They’re too busy with other problems. Nearest approach was Jack Sharkey who boxed a bit in the navy, got his discharge to learn the art of ear embroidery in the professional pit. Jack Dempsey and the old sailor heavyweight Tom Sharkey were nis idols. Hence his ring name Jack Sharkey. His real monicker was John .Coccoskey, not an Irish but a Lithuanian-American tag. Barel-chested Tom Sharkey did come near the title though. Some think he whipped Jim Jeffries, then champ, in their terrific 25-rounder. But the third guy said no. Today’s GI’s aren’t hankering for another war, either witfi leather or flying hardware. They aren’t furnishing an mealtickets for the He the labor wars. Smart Can’tHurt-Us guys nor any strikebreakers clearheaded young men. I for u. LAW i Wi jq- '.-7 V. Thursday, January 2, 1947, From The Herald Files THIRTY-FIVE YEARS AGO The following officers were elected by Local Union 9 for the en suing term: President, Millard Cochran vice president, Harry Lowe recording secretary, George Smith corresponding secretary, Harry Cubberly financial secretary, “Chick” Gilbert treasurer, Edward Davis inspector, Lester Hutchinson ^uard, Charles Marriman trustee, Matt hew Curran. The Laughlin plant No. 1, which has been idle since last May, re sumed with a partial force last week: jiggermen William Farrish, Frank Wedgewood, Josh Chadwick, Hary Wedge and James Thompson turn ers, George Mountford and Thomas Hall handlers, George Hall and Homer Amos dishmaker, Jack McGuire presser, Joe Bourne sticker up, Martin Edgell mouldmakers, Len Copeland, John Stoddard sag germaker, Thomas Yates forman, William Hall. The following officers were elected by Local Union 54, New Castle, Pa. President, Wilbur Fink vice president, Zach Robbinson recording sercetary, James Myler financial secretary, William Gilbert treasurer, Samuel H. Gilbert statistician, George Liversage trustee, Charles Ewers inspector, James Powell guard, Lyle Jackson one per cent collector, Lew Robinson. John Hugh and family of Niles, Ohio, are spending the holidays with relatives and friends in Sebring. Local Union 57, Niles, Ohio, elected the following officers for the ensuing term: President, Patrick Quinn vice president, Thomas Black corresponding secretary, Perry Day financial secretary, Edward Teldy one per cent secretary, John Lingerman inspector, John Hugh guard, William Watkins trustees, william Morgan, William Cannon. Homer Jordan and family of Niles, Ohio, are spending the holidays with relatives in West Virginia. The Pearl China Co., Kittanning. Pa., closed down in full this week for the first time in five years. The shutdown was made necessary in order to permit the making of many badly needed repairs. Miss Lillian Pennington, a decorator employed at the Dresden pot tery and Mr. Hovencamp, a railroader of Wellsville, Ohio, were married Christmas morning in the parsonage of St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church. Rev. Robert Kell, pastor, performed the ring ceremony. Christmas day dawned very sadly for Homer Glover, a kilndrawer at Sebring, his home being destroyed by fire in the early hours of the morning. Glover made his escape by way of a second story window. All the household furniture was destroyed in the fire. The new Helfrich Sanitary plant of Evansville, Ind.j will be placed in operation next week. It is understood fifty pressers will be needed to operate the shop. TWENTY YEARS AGO Local Union 113, Burbank, Calif., names the following officers for the new term: President, Samuel Leighton vice president, “Snowball” Price recording secretary, Maurice La Jeunnesse financial secretary, John Price trueasuer, William Cunnings assistant collector, Frank Campbell inspector, Samuel Young guard, Harry Cotton. Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Burgess of Sebring recently celebrated their sil ver wedding anniversary and were recipients of many beautiful pres ents. Mr. Burgess is an employee of the Crescent China Co., Alliance, Ohio, and was a former member of the Western Generalware Standing Committee. Park Herbert of Local Union 89, Richmond, Calif., is confined to his home with illness. Sebring Pottery warehouse bowlers outpointed the Packing Shed pinmen in a special match on the Crewson alleys. The teams comprised the following: Warehouse—Agnes, Weizenberger, Strain, E. Sebring and Smith. Packing Shed—Jenner, Watson, Allison, Wilt and Miller. James Dawson, former Sebring potter, who has been working at Carrollton for some time, has resigned his position there to accept a new berth with the Vitreous China Company at Alliance. Charles Kelly, Sebring saggermaker, is confined to his home with illness. Carmen Lewis, mouldmaker at Huntington, W. Va., has accepted temporary employment at Erwin, Tenn. Charles A. Deis, dipper at the Summit China Co. for many years, has left the trade with an honorary card and is now located on a small farm near Akron. E. W. Collins of Sebring is helping out in the dipping house at the Summit China Company, Akron, Ohio. Local Union 8fr) Huntington, W. Va., elected the following officers for the ensuing term: Psesident, William Place vice president, Walter Walker recording secretary, Joe Tart financial secretary, John Mor ring defense secretary, Harry Apple inspector, Homer Lewis guard, Sam March. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Walker of Akron, Ohio, are spending the holidays with relatives and friends at their former home in Kattanning, Pa. Decal girls at the Limoges China plant, Sebring, Ohio, held their Christmas party at the home of Mrs. Nellie Anderson, West Carolina avenue. Fred Howard, packer, recently employed in Newell, has accepted the foremanship of the packing department at the Vodrey pottery. YOUR JOB GRIEVANCE TIME A wage-hour ruling issued by the Labor Department provides that time spent settling grievances during working hours must be paid for by employers. The ruling states that “time voluntarily spent in grievance con ferences during regular working hours, pursuant to the established grievance machinery in the plant, is considered to be worked irres pecitive of whether the conference is held with a company representa tive or with a union representative.” SUPERVISORY UNITS The NLRB generally holds that the scope of a unit of super visors will be set up the same as that for the rank and file. But in the case of the Carborundum Co. of Niagara Falls, N. Y. the NLRB on Dec. 5 decided that where the rank and file unit has been improperly set up by the employer and the union, the supervisory unit aid not have to follow it. What happened was this: The NLRB had earlier set up separate units for production employees and plant guards. Later, the parties by themselves chose to merge these two groups. When the supervisors* case came up, the question arose whether the supervisors of the guards should be in the same unit or a unit separate from that of other super visors. The NLRB decide to divide the supervisors into two groups. fl JURISDICTIONAL D1SPUATES The NLRB is generally anxious to avoid being involved in juris dictional disputes concerning affiliates of the same parent organization. Where such rivals compete with other in trying to organize the same employees, the NLRB has for many years adopted the policy that it is up to the parent organization to settle the fight between the children. The NLRB does not have to do this. It has plenty of power under the Wagner act to decide the case regardless of the fact that related affili ates are involved. The NLRB has neverthelss chosen to adopt this policy and it usually works out well. There are exceptional situations, however, where the NLRB does in fact intervene in the dispute. In some cases experience has shown that there is little or no prospect that the parent organization will set tle the dispute. In such cases the NLRB steps into the picture other wise the matter would remain unsolved by anyone. The NLRB intervened in the U. S. Industrial Chemicals case de cided Dec. 6. The NLRB stated that when the dispute was originally referred to it, it wrote to the parent organization (in this case, the AFL) about it but received no reply. This caused the NLRB to take the position that there was little likelihood that the dispute would b$ elimin- fl ated by submission to the parent organization. 7 CASE AGAINST CASE The NLRB handed down a decision Dec. 19 against J. I. Case Co. of Racine, Wis. The dispute involved has invoked the longest strike in effect, it having began December 26, 1945. The NLRB found that the company had refused to baragin col lectively with the United Auto Workers. The company claimed that back in 1937 the union had agreed to waive certain rights which, without the agreement, it was free to exercise. Among these rights allegedly waived the asserted right of the company to deal individually with employees without going through union channels. The company claims that this constituted a continuing contract-binding the union. But the NLRB stated that eight years was an unreasonable period^ to hold the union to such an agreement. Several years ago, the U. S. Supreme Court threw out several individual contracts because the workers who had signed them later chose a union Upholding the Wagner act, it said, came first. S&B' 4 itS# ■Ki* i v as bargaining agent.