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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 09, 1947, Image 4

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1947-01-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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8|je potter?
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W^tHished every Thursday at Eut Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owning and
Cejlt operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State.
at Poetoffice. East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second-class matter. Ac
faUCi cepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1109, Act of
Oct0**1- I3» 1917, authorised Auguit 20, 1918. _____
KWiARRY L. GILL.—.............. Editor imd Business Manager
^)ne Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada.-------- *2.00
Frasidcnt_____ —----------------------James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool. Ohio
riret Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 215. Broad Street National Bank Buildina.
Trenton 8, New Jersey.
a»d ^MMd Vice President. Frank Hull. 2704 E. Florence Ave., Huntington Park, Calif,
(bird Vice President—. James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio
are Fourth Vice President Charles Zimmer. 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey
Vice President.....—„(«eorge Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9, New Jersey
sixth Vice President George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East Liverpool, Ohio
KODQe«enth Vice President.— T. J. Desmond, 625 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio
nrpa Eighth Vice President Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va.
-Secretary-Trer.-iirer............... Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
NAJL—. ...-......... .., ............ ...
hisrhM«ufncturers.— M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
into Manufacturers E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ
HOUSECLEANING of CIO seafaring labor is under
601 a way- With the national leaders of the CIO National Mari
^j^J^time Union evenly divided over the resignation of NMU Presi-
A dent Joseph Curran as co-chairman of the Committee for
•NAfcMaritime Unity (CMU) and denouncing each other in blister
jy ang statements, the question boils down to as to who is to run
Robethe movement and to w hat ends.' Until recently the Commun
the ists have done so under circumstances and with effects which
wa? are a matter of public record.
P°{jc Whether the belated attempt to chase the Communist
K Edwharfrats off the American waterfront is another instance
sue*2?^ the widely advertised CIO purge from within, remains to
jng be seen. Frankly, it takes a conscious effort to picture Cur
ized ran and his cohorts clad in the shining armor of democracy
Roand ready to do battle for genuine American trade unionism
this,-—the real and not the phony article. Nor must Communist
orgastrength and communist determination to oust the dissident
vCurran from the presidency of the NMU be underestimated.
caih I There have been interesting if little publicized ad-
Nuance indications of the storm. Some time ago President Vin
annn£ent Malone of the independent Marine Firemen and Oilers’
es hfUni°n withdrew from the CMU. Since then he has sought
ductito persuade the membership of his union to vote against
Roaffiliation with the committee. These moves were followed
ed bjb.v a secret conference between Hairy Lundeberg, leader of
dustithe AFL seamen’s unions, and the two former CMU leaders,
ther,with results that are as yet unknown,
eouk of course, the issues goes deeper than mere discontinua
.. ’lion of the CMU. To all intents and purposes, that outfit is a
pre8^ead duck. What with Malone’s union and the CIO Marine
“^Engineers Beneficial Association on the verge of withdrawal
Yfftajjand the NMU not for behind, burial of the carcass is just a
Wknatter of time. But however long the elimination of Commun
.averast influence from the American maritime labor movement
$45 may take, the issue remains basically as outlined by Lunde
•?*. “The av rage American seaman is sick and tired of Com
:2o»nis‘ tactsics. If the commies are not cleaned out, we’re
J^not going to have an American merchant nflarine.”
what ________________
4 Robe w
AGAIN it becomes the privilege of every American I
Natl) to join actively in one of the great peace-time battles
by Man in his ceaseless struggle to make his world a
if Abetter place in which to live.
«to This is the relentless battle against infantile paralysis
basin—common enemy of all, regardless of age or accident of birth
.port —spearheaded by the annual March of Dimes, held this year
^uesfrom Jan. 15-30.
•♦r** Coming as it does, in the wake of the second worst epi
of the -disease ever to ravage our nation, the 1947
-eompMarch of Dimes deserves—and will undoubtedly receive—
iorgsfhe fullest support of every American who not only wants to
hold nelp those unable to help themselves, but to insure for him
priceself and his family the best available care if and when the
dread crippier strikes.
Ilf The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, which
’^"sponsors the March of Dimes, is unique in the annals of pub
welfare organizations. It is literally the property of the
^.American people who support it with their dimes. It has no
$ft)ther ans for obtaining funds, such as endowments, be
quests or grants. What it gets, it gets through the March of
NaDimes and through the March of Dimes only.
Not only is the National Foundation pledged to do its
^r_7utinost wjien epidemic—or even individual cases—break out,
L^Jbut its .useless research into the causes of the disease is the
fwtoonly promise we have that some day that cause will be dis
wagd^overed and rendered harmless.
268, There are three things we know with certainty. Polio
Will strike again—where or when we do not know. When it
cidoea strike the community will be ready—the National Foun
•ompdatiun guarantees that. And the National Foundation wrill be
plantready because the March of Dimes will see to that!
fgroufT’llE TORIES breathing fire and brimstone about destroying
Tli the New Deal root and branch might profit by a glance
die et the United States News of Nov. 1. In discussing the bust
aervlflhcad this conservative business weekly says unemployment
the payments will stimulate purchasing power and cushion the
P,antbust w lien it comes. We never thought we’d live to see it but
ficiei^ere ft WaS *n an(l "bite.
In our opinion the beneficial effect of unemployment
supejPayments to veterans and war workers in achieving full em
ruploym* nt so soon after the end of the war has not been gener
iuctiaUy realized.
l’n-in|»byment payments gave veterans time to readjust
ing ito civilian l:e. These payments enabled them to shop around
one for the sort of job w’hich fitted their particular abilities. War
Mworkers who had been laid off did not swamp the employment
Locaagencies as they would have been compelled to do if they had
hiot drawn unemployment Ix-nefits. No pool of unemployed
c®mfwas ci a ted to enable employers to beat wages down. This
ErunCould have been disastrous in that period of rising prices.
•As a rc‘su^ ^bere w'as an orderly transition into full
negopeacebine employment.
tiatk Sneers and sarcasm about the 52-20 clubs to the con
wnioitrary notwithstanding, it is hard to see how the brimstone
for asnorters are going to get rid of this New Deal measure which
tioiL has proved its worth so decisively.
t. k
TJIDDEN AWAY in most of the papers, at the turn of the
year, are numerous little items that furnish guideposts
for anyone who wants to make intelligent predictions for
Here are a few headings from two or three papers picked
at fandom:
“Retail Food Prices Highest Ever.”
“Corporate Dividends Up 12.6 Per Cent.”
“Cost of Living Index Soars To New Peak.”
“Profits After Taxes At Record High.”
“House Group Says Monopoly Gained in War
mands New Curbs.”
Everything is high as a kite, except wages­
weekly wages have dropped away down since January 1945
and real wages have been cut by nearly a fourth.
More prominently displayed in the same papers are other
news items indicating what various big-shots think should be
done in 1947 about the lopsided situation of inflated prices,
inflated profits, deflated wages and increased big-business
We read daily frenzied warnings from leaders of the Na
tional Association of Manufacturers and Chamber of Com
merce and every Wall Streeter who can get his nam into print,
that the country will go to hell if wages are allowed to catch
up with increased living costs.
Politicians like Harold Stassen, Senators Taft, Ball and
Smith, and many others, join the chorus opposing wage in
Senator Taft says that what the country needs is “not
higher wages but lower prices”—this from the man who led
the fight in Congress to wreck price control and to raise liv
ing costs to their present inflationary level.
If all this sounds rather negative, it takes little further
searching through the papers to find the positive recommen
dations of most of these gentlemen.
What do they propose to do about the undue share of the
national wealth that is being diverted from the consumption
of the masses to the savings of the wealthy
“Tax relief” for business and the well-to-do, is their an
swer, at the expense of social measures for the benefit of
lower-income groups.
What do they propose to do about growing big-business
monopoly—as shown by the report of a subcommittee of the
House Committee on Small Business that 200 corporations
now own more than 50 per cent of all the country’s non-finan
cial corporations—monopoly that is chocking the little fellow
and throttling the competition that might bring down prices
Go after the unions as a “labor monopoly,” is their an
swer. Emasculate or scrap the Wagner labor relations act.
Pass anti-union laws. Do everything possible to weaken the
workers* bargaining power for higher wages.
As to prices, do the OPA wreckers, who now claim to
favor lower prices, propose any steps to bring them down?
Oh, no. On this, though not on bargaining for higher wages,
nature should be allowed to take its course. The workers
“should wait patiently for prices to fall.”
If the NAM and its political and press stooges have their
way, we can predict that 1947 will not be a “happy new year”.,
It certainly will not be happy for the working people,’
struggling along on reduced real wages and lowered living
standards, with nothing to look forward to but lowered prices
when depression forces the hand of business and when lay
offs and unemployment will cut ther purchasing power still
And it will be a pretty sad new year for the whole coun
try when the bubble of super-profits and inflated prices is
pricked by the needle of reduced real wages and consuming
power-—and the “bust” follows.
rpHERE’S actually a fellow in Congress who thinks that if
Labor and the public could be kept in the dark about vot
ing records of our lawmakers, everything would be peaches
and cream. We refer to Representative Carl Curtic, Nebraska
Republican. The Honorable Carl subscribes to the theory of
the part that “where ignorance is bliss ’tis folly to be wise.
Representative Curtis has served notice, with due pomp
and solemnity, that he intends to introduce an amendment
the Smith-Connolly Act to provide prison terms and heavy
’ines for Union officers and members who compile the voting
records of the members of Congress and send them to their
own people. Don’t laugh: that’s a fact! Even the press asso
ciations had to carry that story and some of the newspapers
published it.
Of course nothing of the sort is going to be done. But we
would like to hazard a guess that plenty of reactionary Con
gressmen would like to see such a law in our statute books.
Undoubtedly a great many of his farmer constituents would
go along with the idea. For Curtis is elected from a state I
which has few industries and fewer Unions. He gets his infor
mation from the NAM and other anti-Labor agencies.
Though there isn’t any danger of Curtis’ proposal being i
enacted into law, it is interesting to the members of Labor i
Unions generally because it indicates the venom of their
enemies and the lengths to which they would go to render
Labor impotent.
IF THE truth isn’t on your side, you are sunk. That’s com
1 mon sense. Especially, when the truth can be ascertained
without any trouble. Take the case of the Westinghouse Com
pany. The other day it gave out a yarn, widely published,
claiming that for the last 11 months it has lost 11 cents on
every dollar of sales. Now, if that statement had been true, it
would have meant something. But it wasn’t. For, Wall Street
reports Westinghouse earned a net profit of four and one-half
million dollars greater, during that 11-month period, than
ever before. How could Westinghouse have lost money on
every sale and yet make a record high profit? The answer, of
course, is that it couldn’t. The company’s propagandist lied,
that’s all.
Incidently, Charles E. Wilson, of General Motors, said
the other day that “the cost of an automobile is practically all
wages and salaries.” Imagine that! And all the time we
thought that steel and glass and rubber cost a lot of money,
too. The Federal Trade Commission, which investigated and
ought to have the facts, says the labor cost of making auto
mobiles is on 17.6 per cent of the sales dollar.
It is undoubtedly true that any increasing cost in manu
facturing also forces prices up. Nobody will deny that. But,
why not stick to the facts? Why lie about it? Why not give
tie public the exact truth about the actual effect of wage
raises on prices? The truth is good enough—always.
1ORE THAN half of the persons polled by the Philadelphia
1 Evening Bulletin said they didn’t know the meaning of
collective bargaining. Only one Philadelphian out of 3 had
even a hazy idea of the term’s meaning and only one out of 6
could give an accurate definition. Among the wrong answers
were: “Bargaining between one country and another on
oans,” “Collecting different information from workers.”
“Looking for bargains,” “People who get together to tight for
what they want.”
and De-
Frn’u snnn to
i 1
A vic ir wirnwTcir ‘k
o aa.a.as
Arriving for the scoop all but breathless, he learned Adamson had I an acute attack of rheumatism.
confused the FCC man with the Moderator Charles V. Denny of the I
American Town Meeting of the Air.
Disappointed in a sense, but still with a fairly good story prospect,
4. v—•
a ti
hv v
By MARY SOLOW, Federated Press
u u s.M_as a,»w as as .s.. as .... k. .... ..
But this report was buried by the "anti-monopoly” Nt
HOPEFUL—“Why can’t
take over unionsM
ST .•
we use
E By TRAVIS K. HEDRICK, Federated Press China company» s plantf Minerva, and returned to East Liverpool.
^Washington (FP)—Bothered by growing civilian sentiment against I
The case broke sensationally June 6, 1945 with the arrest of I at Evansville, Ind.
Philip J. Jaffe and Kate L. Mitchell, co-editors of the magazine, along I “Pete” Elliott of Evansville, Ind., a former kilnhand at Laughlin
with a former naval officer and a minor State Department employee fl plant No. 2 is spending his holiday vacation in East Liverpool.
and a newsman.
After the absurd case ran it course, it was found the “secret docu-1 week of his brother, Henry Schneidmiller of the Northside.
ments” removed from the files were the kind any alert newsman sees
daily in Washington. Only the Rankin-Wood crowd remain interested. I guests of local relatives over Christmas.
The New Bedford series is timed to start about mid-January after I Cyrus Scarrett of Crooksville, corresponding secretary of Local
interviews in New York and Washington.
v JPoor old Ernie Adamson, retiring chief counsel for the House un-1 Saggermakers’ Local No.’16.
American Activities committee, recently caused a stir on Broadcasting I John Walton of Evansville is spending a week’s leave of absence
magazine, the house organ of the radio trade.
W y u
r. h.
the U. S. Army is bolstering its fences by rounding up key civilians I week at Evansville, Ind. s.
attend a three week indoctrination course at Fort Levenworth, Kas. I New officers of Local Union 33, Beaver Falls, Pa.: President, Wil
early in April.
The idea is to use the army’s famous command school there to I Wahl recording secretary, Fred Thompson one per cent collector,
prove to civilians that the so called “caste system” and the "military I Walter Ackerman, inspector, Harley Gordon guara, Guy Hoskinson
mind” are not dangerous. And to win them to the side of more power I trustee, William Beatty.
for the high brass.
.*.*.** I East Liverpool this week.
3A small but profitable daily with a flair for union-busting and I Charles Mills, a former East Liverpool potter, who has been in tho
liberal-baiting, the New Bedford (Mass.) Standard Times is launching I sanitary trade at Mannington and Evansville for the past two years,
a move to reopen the long-forgotten “conspiracy plot” involving the I is spending a week at his home in East Liverpool.
U. S. State Department and the editors of Amerasia magazine.
wjth Baltimore friends.
Ernie telephoned a friend on the magazine and said he had some-1 Al Crider of East Palestine spent the holidays with relatives and
thing good on Denny’s red record. The friend asked if it was Charles I friends in East Liverpool.
R. Denny, the then acting head of the Federal Communications Com-1 James Kirkham of Wheeling was an East Liverpool visitor over
mission. Assured it was, and it was “too hot to keep,” the reporter rush-1 the week end.
ed to Adamson’s office. I Charles Altenbaugh, a Tiffin potter, is convalescing slowly from
around the haircut level Washington by patronizing a non-union hpadnuarters
barber with ^'75 centrate*. I D. W. Allison and wife of Cambridge, Ohio, visited with relatives
J! +Ldly’ & -apron JU8t.b®en adjusted when I in East Liverpool over Christmas and made a brief call at headquar
E S Sn„^b‘a\accesso7 8h«lf* Iters. Mr. Allison is employed as a turner at the Globe China’s Co.’s
“Wait a minute, he shouted. “Let me out of here.” Inlant Cambridge
u ar\d^e.claJe4 &ot to I Fred Plant?foreman of the clay shop, and Mr. Olsen, foreman of the
ak him warehouse of the Hopewell China Co., at Hopewell, Va., were callers
nf k raon?y’. b,
ut Ernie said it was proof headquarters the first of the week.
hfhpl S»n ?SXi5H™ld| vdlCarn^ the name on the I Thomas Chadwick, formerly of the Pope-Gosser China Co., Coshoc
a elfrn1lnwino^m on tbiR^hiphfn?1 th^Hmiw I ton but now employed at Zanesville, was an East Liverpool visitor
an tn look intn Ernie ordered I during the holidays, calling at headquarters while here to exchange
an investigator to look into the red record of the firm, and the inventor I „root n[r. nffirials
mains ^al^and^t^^ but S° Kr^ Mifs Sylvia Allen, West Orange avenue, Sebring, Ohio, entertained
ZTA vntp nn th?lT conservatlve commentator, Gabnel a number girls from the French China pl^t at a!Sristmks exchange.
II QJQCl I*eta. dvOXl€& OL
By MARTY SOLOW, Federated Prera Statistician, E. Davis, Kilnman trustee, James Gilgallon. handler de
When American publishers sing a song of “free press,” they in- EnectorB^WimawaJeho^mam wareboUSeman f‘
o^that^Pree^ress^in'the U^S However a studVnf Indicates
thnV'Ta-o °i I ^anc^ pottery last week and were pronounced “eminently satisfactory”,
nit °r5Li,be neM^8 0T bes I by Cress Cronin, general manager. Louis Reese, a former jiggerman at
outright favor of Big Business and reaction. Here s the proof. I tjfe Edwin Knowies plant in Newell, is foreman of the clayshop.
and Th?°Tltk8ni8W |tyhiantgt&narrt-8ay»Lftt industry Haloid Grafton and Arthur hi.!,
profits are too high. Almost daily its financial pages publish reports I
of the fantastic profits industry is rolling up. Both government and I ft
business, figures to date show that business will enjoy a fabulous profit ir I I IT
of 15.5 billion dollars AFTER taxes, for 1946, I Ww
That’s more than four times the average profit-take during the I y
1986-39 prewar period and more than 5 billion dollars over the highest I
war-profit (eering) year.
Many people never go further than headlines and the New York
Times often takes advantage of this reader carelessness. On Dec. 19 it
headlined a story:
That headline was as phony a& a $3 bill. Buried deep in the story
was the fact that after tax recovery under the excess profits tax law,
the ''mnQnv nof inmnio
in fine 11 mnnfko nf
s net mcome ... in the first 11 months of this year I CHALLENGE TOO LATE
OhF mi^on ^°^ars en^ UP lYlore than 4 mil-1 Boston The result, as announced by the NLRB agents conducting the
aneao you re uoing viv I vote, showed the union winning by one vote over “no union.”
A1 4...
1.1 aiesG°n» the Times_on Dec. I one of the persons who voted was not an employee at the time of the
?nf?Jo^Lhubl,itia?dUa.tru tO ^be ^ect that labor I balloting, having left her job some time before because of illness and
monopolies are intolerable, just as is any form of business I wj^ no intention of returning. The employer claimed that he did not
zi I know this earlier and therefore was not in a position to challenge this
This is typical Times hypocrisy. The Senate report, Economic Con-1 emDlOvee’s ballot
nanr?et V?py the The NLRB decided it was too late to raise the question, as other
contains 359 pages I wjge eiections could drag indefinitely and that any other rule would
ale 0J^ing blgger (more monopolistic) and I ieave a big opening for collusion and fraud. The circuit court overruled
smaller firms are becoming scarcer. -------p
v .1
.. A. ..-K I f-
.. I Those present were Carrie Dunlap of Beloit Edna Coleman and Flor-
4.u^ 4 I A consent election was held among employees of A. J. Tower Co. of
T-il A short time later the employer claimed to have discovered that
the NLRB on the ground that the Wagner act required a majority vote
w i one jn favor of the union before the employer could be found guilty of re
fusal to bargain.
Thursday, January 9, 1947
From The Herald Files
Local Union 45 elected the following officers for the new term:
President, Fred Bently vice president, James Bailey recording secre
tary, George Martin financial secretary, Aaron C. Potts, statistician,
Sheldon Moore delegates to CLU, Fred Bently, James Bailey, Patrick
I John Munro has finished up his work as a mouldmaker at the Owens
Smith of Crooksville is mingling with former friends this
liam Harlan vice president, William Holton financial secretary, Arthur
pat McBride of Kokomo, Ind., is visiting relatives and friends in
Harry Vincent, recently employed at Wheeling, has taken a job
Conrad Schneidmiller of Wheeling, W. Va., was the guest this
Former president Thomas J. Duffy, wife and daughter were the
Union No. 66, was a visitor at headquarters last week.
I William Bucher has been elected corresponding secretary of the
ab°Ut JUSt what connections the Town I w Birch) ^inman employed at the Steubenville pottery, was a
MeetiaK ^^nyjiad with Moscow. I visitor in East Liverpool Tuesday and made a call at headquarters.
“T th- k v? toa^tnnC”mmUni8^S On Adamson leered. I Byron Foutts, foreman of the packing department at the Edwin
thatK Of C0UT TST aMn^"°G^anChXCdTSm JeigMrTS
with ^Itraionae^tile orStalryn81ani Per8°nS ove^iwtTSt emtankment.""1 St°"e ,“arry’
v I Edward Miller, well known castor of Sebring, spent Christmas day
am8pn- R. seems e ?ot I and the week end in East Liverpool making a brief call at national
StU" °f Paris- and Vi°la PherS°n
I sanitary ware manufactured in this country. There were 18 companies
I in the state which contributed to the production. Of that number, 15
flare located in or near Trenton, which is the recognized center of the
I industry.
I The following officers were recently elected by Local Union 111,
I Hopewell, Va. President, Thomas W’ard, dipper vice president, Oscar
1 Ward, kilnman financial secretary, Clyde Pruite, kilnman recording
I Warn* Kiinmanj Tinanciai secretary C/lydo Jrruitej kilnman recording
I secretary, Frank Davidson, jiggerman treasurer, E. Pickens, decorator
Tb® first glost tu"npl kiIn samPles were drawn at the New Cumber-
On Dec. 23, however, the U. S. Supreme Court sustained the NLRB
substantially on the ground that the NLRB had indicated in its original
decision. In other words, as far as challenges are concerned, they must
be made at the time of the vote or they are too late.
A south Carolina statute established a one year time limitation -on
suits “relating to wages claimed under a federal statute.” A question
arose as to whether this statute were constitutional, particularly -in
connection with claims arisihg under the wage-hour law.
The U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals found the statute invalid on the
ground that it was discriminatory because ordinary wage claims arising
in South Carolina were barred only after six years (Rockton Railway
vs. Davis).
One of the demands made by anti-union employers is that the Wag
ner act be amended to prevent unions from engaging in industry-wide
bargaining. As part of this theory some employers have argued that
unions should be limited in size. Such employers should read a recent
(analysis published by the industrial relations department at Princeton
(University (a department founded by Rockefeller money).
The university survey states that labor strife involving wages is
reduced through national or regional bargaining. In the seven manufac
turing industries investigated, labor relations were found to he relative
fl ly peaceful under such bargaining.
Other economic effects were these: 1.—wage decisions were more
sensible and farsighted 2.—wages did not rise more rapidly and 3,—
elimination of wage cutting has stressed management efficiency.
The annua! wage plan just set up under contract between the Tobin
Packing Co. (Ft. Dodge and Estherville, Iowa) and the United Packing
fl house Workers permits the company to offset payments for time not
worked with employee earnings for overtime. This reduces company li
ability in this seasonal industry, though it applies only to 13-week
Under this plan: 1.—each employee working either 44 weeks or
1250 days in guaranteed 52 weeks employment at 40 hours a week 2.—
his account is credited with time and one-half for all hours over 40 3.—
lit is debited at straight time for any work hours under 40 4.—he re
fl ceives 40 hours pay 5.—the accounts are balanced each 13 weeks. If
credits exceed debits, the worker gets the difference, but if debits exceed
our free enterprise system to I credits he receives nothing. Each 13-week period starts a fresh ac
I New Jerse

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