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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 09, 1947, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1947-01-09/ed-1/seq-6/

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1946 Price Trends Slugged
Consumer, Helped Profiteer
Washington (FP)—Retail prices
of living essentials for the Ameri
can family rose 18 per cent during
the year 1946.
That simple fact, announced Dec.
30 by the official, conservative
Bureau of Labor Statistics of the
U. S. Department of Labor, will
not be argued away by all the
whys and wherefores of the em
ployers as they face labor’s New
Year wage demands.
The graphic BLS himmary 6f
price trends during the first full
year of peace showed that the
1946 upspurt in living costs was
greater than the years 1942-1945
combined. During the war years,
there was a price control program
and an administration determined
to keep it working.
During 1946 the n&tioh was
switched over to a socalled normal,
peacetime system of free enter
prise economy, with the follow
ing results.
Retail prices, overall—up 18
cent, compared to 17 per
1942-1945 combined.
Retail food prices—up
cent, compared to 24 per cent
1942-1945 combined.
Wholesale prices, overall—up 31
per cent, compared to 14 per cent
for-1942-1945 combined.
Wholesale food prices up 50
per cent.
A breakdown of the year’s price
trend shows the direct tieup be
tween politics and prices. During
the first five months, all prices
rose slowly but steadily, BLS said,
“to cover higher production costs
or to encourage increased produc
tion. Some of these were allowed
under the government’s new wage
price policy to cover higher wages
in such important basic industries
as iron and steel and coal.”
In June, as Congress debated
renewal of OPA’s powers and the
future of price control, prices shot
up more swiftly than at any other
time during the year, and the top
was blown off as June 30th passed
with no renewal of OPA power.
From mid-June to mid-July re
tail prices of consumer goods and
services rose 5.8 per cent retail
food prices jumped 13.8 per cent,
the largest monthly increase on
record. The meats and butter
Seek To Limit
Porta l-To-Portal
Suits By New Law
Washington (FP) As total
suits for portal-to-portal pay near
ed the 1 billion dollar mark, Re
publican leaders in the House pre
pared legislation to check union
action against employers.
Representative Ear! Michener
who will be chairman of the House
judiciary committe, said he pro
poses to support a bill to put a
one year limit within which back
pay suits may be filed.
At present, except by specific
limitations of some state laws,
suits can be entertained back as
far as 1938 when the federal wage
hour law was enacted.
The total asked in portal-to
portal suits across the country ran
up to 1965,169,41)0 with the filing
of a $37,400,000 suit against the
Jones A Laughlin Steel Co. at
Pittsburgh. In this case the United
Steelworkers acted for 19,600
workers in & L’s plants at Pitts
burgh and Aliquippa, Pa.
Clarksburg Local
(Continued From Page One)
ord a« the season progresaea. To
date they have defeated the cage
men representing the V, F. W.
and the Pittsburgh Plate five, two
of the leading teams in the tri
atate district. They are especially
Interested in arranging games with
any of the leading pottery teams
in the East Liverpool, Sebring and
Salem districts. Address communi
cations to Pat Scott, D. E. McNicol
Pottery Co., Clarksburg, W. Va.
We have often heard of hus
bands being assigned quarters in
the well known doghou.-e because
they forgot to remember the date
of their wedding anniversary. Such
should not be the case with James
Meed for the popular young man
treked to the altar on the same
day the white whiskered gentle
man arrives.
Bro. Paul Beagle is recuperating
in St. Mary’s Hospital following
a recent
operation for a stomach
ailment. A card or a personal visit
from his buddies would aid the
brother in a speedy recovery.
Bro. Clyde Davis is contemplat
ing entering the hospital some
time this month for a major opera
Our sincere sympathy to
family of Sister Eulah Vernon
died recently in a Pittsburgh
New York (FP)—The American
Newspaper Guild by a referendum
Vote of 3,834 to 3,661 rejected a
proposal to create a full-time paid
The union at present has a non
salaried part-time presidency, a
paid executive vice-presidency and
a paid secretary-treasurer. The
giuld’s 1946 convention voted to
submit the issue to referendum.
which had been held out for weeks
appeared in the stores at inflation
prices and helped raise the price
In July, while Congress still de
bated OPA’s future, BLS said:
“Wholesale prices increased 10.1
per cent in July, 1946—the largest
monthly advance since BLS began
compilation- of its comprehensive
index in 1890.”
The restoration of controls on
July 25 did not stop the retail
climb either in foods or other com
modities. The wholesale drop
brought about by OPA’s taking
control again was made up within
six weeks, and prices soared up
beyond the June-July figures.
The final stage in the 1946 story
was reachisl as President Truman
succumbed to GOP and profiteer
pressure and killed virtually all
price control by sweeping orders
in October and November. Follow
ing their issuance, BLS said:
“Average prices at all levels of
distribution rose to new peaks.”
A slight decline in the rate of
climb of prices during the last
month of 1946, featured by a drop
in wholesale farm products prices,
indicates that consumers are not
buying sky-priced goods as form
erly, and that dealers are begin
ning to learn that fact.
Subversive Press
Hit By Committee
Washington (FP) Recommen
dation that Congress deny the use
of second class mail privileges to
anyone engaged in publishing, dis
tributing or promoting “subversive
or unAmerican propaganda” was
unanimously adopted by the House
unAmerican activities committee
Jan. 2.
Although the committee ’has
never outlined what it considers
either subversive or unAmerican
its general conception of thore
terms has been broad enough to
cover anyone disagreeing with the
most reactionary policies of U. S.
To insure pure Americanism, the
committee also asked that only
U. S. citizens be permitted to hold
office in any local or international
union coming under federal laws,
and that federal government jobs
go only to Ameriacn citizens.
Atop this, the committee headed
by Representative John S. Wood
in the 79th Congress, urged that
second class mailing privileges be
denied all foreign language news
papers that fail to print a full
English translation of each article
in an adjoining column.
The committee also asked Con
gress for legislation to bar “con
cealed or secret memberships” in
organizations which have permit
ted members to use an alias, and
to deny such organizations the use
of the mails.
In the field of international rela
tions, the groups asked that second
class mailing privileges be given
only those embassies and agencies
of foreign governments that ex
tend reciprocal privileges to the
U. S.
Gives Christmas
Gifts To Police
Philadelphia (FP)—While local
storekeepers and other supporters
gave generous Xmas gifts to 580
striking members of the American
Newspaper Guild here, J. David
Stern, publisher of three struck
papers, also celebrated by passing
out $5 and $10 bills to two-thirds
of the Camden police force who
have been “protecting” his prop
erty from pickets.
The struck papers are the Phil
adelphia Record und Camden Cour
ier and Post, Although publishers
in other cities have granted wage
increases far higher than the 12
per cent offered by Stern, he is
still sticking to his pre-strike pro
Although the strike has been on
for eight weeks, the papers are
continuing to publish with a score
or more ot strikebreakers and ex
ecutives. A FL unions in the print
ing trades are not observing guild
picketlines. Non-giuld sources esti
mate that circulation of the Record
has dropped by 35 to 45 per cent.
Excessive cheerfulness it fre
quently very obnoxious.
a (h// t't
John, Greta, Betty, Jack
JANUARY 1946*100
■^r.. ______--
UAW To Protest
Picketing Curb
West Allis, Wis. (FP)—In pro
test against an order of the Wis
consin Employment e la i o n s
Board limiting picketing at the
struck Allis-Chalmers plant here
to a maximum of 20 pickets at any
one time, the United Auto Work
ers called a mass parade of cars
and marchers before the plant
early Jan. 7.
UAW Local 248, which entered
the 248th day of its strike against
the company on Jan. 1, announced
it will abide by the order limiting
its pickets to two at each of the
10 plant gates, but the UAW hold
that this does not affect any sup
porting action that may come from
outside the local. Meanwhile
decision will be appealed to
The parade was scheduled
assemble at 6 a. m. to permit
workers from dozens of plants in
the community to take part and
still get to work on time.
Governor Walter S. Goodland, in
Madison, said he would call out the
state guard if renewed violence
should occur at the plant.
The local at the same time an
nounced it is preparing to petition
the federal courts for an injunc
tion against a WERB decision to
hold a representation election with
in the next 30 days on the petition
of an independent union led by
Walter E. Peterson, an employee
now back at work in the plant.
Although the WERB decision to
hold an election in the midst of a
bitter and protracted strike sets a
precedent, the board went to great
pains to deny in its decision that it
was acting an a strikebreaker. It
contended that while the plant’s
workers chose Local 248 as bar
gaining agent in 1938, this does
not prove that the union is the
workers’ choice today.
The Milwaukee County Indus
trial Union Council at a recent
meeting passed two resolutions
condemning the WERB for its
“antilabor attitude and action” and
calling for the removal of Law
rence Gooding, public member tf
the 3-nian board.
Consumer Prices
At All-Time High
Washington (FP) Recognized
as a conservative estimate of th«
steep climb in living costs since
the start of World War II, the
bureau of labor statistics testified
“Retail prices of consumer goods
in large cities rose 2.2 per cent be
tween mid-October and nrid-No
vember bringing the consumers
price index for the U. S. to the
highest level on record.”
The index on Nov. 15 stood at
151.7, compared to the 1935-39
base of 100. The record mark sur
passed the post-World War 1 high
point (June 1920) by 1.5 per cent.
Food prices alone scored a 4.3 per
cent retail climb during the month,
based on samples of 61 foods taken
in 56 cities across the nation,
You can’t shift responsibility
without paying a fat price.
It’s so easy to be thrifty
by saving a few cents each
week until December ’47!
Then watch the silver
stacked up into dollars
when you receive your
Christmas Club check!
First National
East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank
Member F. D. I. C.
Phone 914
140 -AS
this chart, based on figures from the U. S. Department of Labor? shows that prices of just about
everything have skyrocketed since price controls were removed. That js everything—except real wages.
(Federated Pictures).
Plunked into the midst of a ter
rible depression Hoover had his
Hoovervilles all over the country,
including Washington’s environs.
And he wished onto Gen. Mac
Arthur the dirty job of driving the
bonus marchers out of the city.
Yes, there were bonus marchers
—veterans of the first World War.
And there were veterans and other
poor men trying to sell apples on
the streets, without much luck.
Came the bank crash and the
bank holiday and NRA and PWA
and WPA and all the mean jokes.
And there was NYA and so many
others. But men were taking hope
and getting able to stand on their
own feet again after being almost
out for the count.
World War II came, catching us
unawares, but ending in victory,
complete and for sure.
The question today is this:
Where do we go from here—and
So, the men who are stepping
into their new seats in the House
Fed. Home Loan Bank Stock
Loans on Mortgage Security
Loans on Pass Book Security
Land Contracts
Office Building
Other Real Estate
Insurance and Taxes Paid for
Other Assets
Furniture and Fixtures
As the Republican Congress
comes into being we wait and won
der what will come of it.
We can be sure of one thing.
Most proposals from either Con
gress or the White House will be
offered with an eye to the next
national election, even though that
event is almost two years hence.
This observer has watched
Washington through the regimes
of Woodrow Wilson, Warren G.
Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert
Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt and
now Harry Truman. That encom
passes two world wars.
Harding came along to suggest a
return to normalcy and so shal
low was a lot of thinking of the
time that newspapers spent almost
as much space in discussing
whether it ought to be “normality”
or “normalcy” as they did in dis
cussing the basic issues, chief of
which was “do we get in or do we
get out”.
Coolidge watched the stock mar
ket go zooming, gamed a reputa
tion for silence and passed the
wreckage along to hapless Hoover.
What days those were!
Coolidge once said that his chief
complaint about unions was that
they didn’t punish their own
wrong-doers. Hoover gave his ap
proval to an amazing labor pro
gram before his inauguration and
then junked it as if it had never
had his consideration.
1 1
fcMM mmrm
and Senate ought to take a long
and prayerful look at history be
fore they promise too much, or be
fore they get too sure that they
know everything, can foresee
everything and fix everything.
Perhaps the greatest mobiliza
tion of sheer genius ever witnessed
in any natidn was'witnessed‘in this
nation as we plowed through the
toar. That mobilization of genius
produced something that looked
very much like a collection of
miracles. The achievements were
But that mobilization of genius
has ceased to exist. There is now
no ideal and no desperate purpose1
that calls upon it to mobilize
again. That is, none that they dis
We shaft have to get along
through these coming months with
just average intelligence, modified
by a lot of self-seeking.
If we reach wise national deci
sions, there will be a good deal of
luck about it.1
Several Sources are sure to put
forward those proposals which
they believe will make the biggest
hit with the people.
There will not be many who will
risk proposals which they have
thought out and which they offer,
iri seriousness, regardless of poli
tical risk. It would take a John
Piter Altgeld to do that^—and we
aren’t overly supplied with men of
the Altgeld type just now.
•'Out of political bickering oh a
telfizh level, we ean have a war,
bn*we eah have internal' turmoil,
barring astonishing luck.
Let us hope we have neither of
theste- horrenddtis things. Let us
hope political expediency doesn’t
gdt too much of a strangle hold on
those who have power. Let some
oni say, “this 1 believe to be right
und for this will I stand, come
what may.”
Such a man, of such men, could
be* vastly surprised at the public
acclaim that might come to them
in these months ahead.'
Veteran Member
mfCnniintird Frte Ptde Om)
atlci and one transfer card re
Chraiman Harold West of the
auditing committee made a partial
report after going over the books
and will complete their survey at
our next meeting.—0. C. 124.
I Financial Statement
Cash on Hand and in Banks $ 75,146.74 ,, Running Stock
U. S. Government Bonds 3,425,000.00 Paid-Up Stock
Total Liquid Assets
.. *.•. mu'-.. .icJi V.'
DECEMBER 31. 1946
1,000 00
School Savings
Loans in Profess
^Reserve for Taxes
Total $7,646,618.96
Contingent Profits
Undivided Profits 7
Reserve Fund
Borrowed Money
Dividend Pgid December 31 st
Or at the Kate of 3% Per Annum
N O W INO U R? 5 8 Y E AR I
The Potters Savings S loan Co.
Washington & Broadway East LiverpooL Ohio
Truman Ends
Period^ Of
Action Kills 18"
Wartime Statutes
Washington (FP) A presiden
tial proclamation Dec. 30 wiped
out the federal government’s
power to seize strike bound plants
or industries under the Smith-Con
nally act.
The Truman action became ef
fective Dec. 11 and killed 18 war
time statutes immediately and 33
others will go out within six
months. The statement and procla
mation marked the end of hostili
ties tff World War II, but has no
efferc on the state of war ‘itself
or on the states of emergency by
President Roosevelt in 1939 and
Although the iSmith-Connally
act itself will die July 1 under the
order, it is regarded as likely that
Congress may revive some of its
provisions in an amnibus bill soon
after Jan. 3.
The U. S. has been operating
under more than 500 emergency
laws, some to end with the “end
of the war,” and others at a speii
fied time thereafter. Still others
are effective for the duration of
the “emergency.”
By using the term “end of hos
tilities,” Truman avoided killing
off most of these emergency
measures,, notably the selective
service act.
The laws due to expire July 1
include many special excise taxes,
including those on liquor, furs,
theater admissions, cabarets,
transportation, telephone, and tele
graph and cable dispatches.
Cab Drivers Win
Wage Increases
San Franciso (FP)—A 24-bour
strike that began on the stroke of
the New Year won substantial pay
in creases for 1,400 Yellow Cab
drivers here.
The drivers, members of the In
ternational Brotherhood of Team
sters, walked out when the com
pany rejected their demands for
$10 a day or 50 per cent of the
day’s receipts, whichever was larg
er. They have been receiving $7.50
or 45 per rent of receipts.
The strike ended with a settle
ment which won them $9 or 49 per
cent of receipts and a proviso that
if a driver Is kept waiting for a
cab more than one hour he wiU re
ceive a full day’s pay.
A strike by drivers of 22 taxi
companies in San Mateo county
was averted when the men won a
$7 minimum or 45 per cent of re
Demand the Union Label.
You Can See the Cream
Milk Bottles
Used Exclusively By
Golden Star
Phone 3200
... 742,700.00
.. 87,461.62
... 102,109.68
.. 304,502.39
One man’s electric shaver may
be another man’s poison, Consum
ers found in tests of seven brands.
The make that one man finds irri
tating may give another man a
very satisfactory shave. Some us
ers claim that an electric shaver
is less irritating than razor blades
while others just can’t use one at
all, even after trying each and all
brands. The one point on which
there is general agreement is that
for most people not even the best
electric shaver gives as close a
shave as an ordinary safety razor
with a good blade. CU recommends
that an electric shaver be bought
in a store that carries several
brands, with the understanding
that it can be exchanged or the
purchase price will be refunded
within a reasonable trial period.
In rating electric shavers, CU
recommends only the order in
which the shavers should be tried
by prospective purchasers. The
first two to try are New Reming
ton Foursome 78 with Blue Streak
Head, $19.50, which seemed all
around the best, and Sunbeam
Shavemaster RG, $16.70, which
gave the closest shave.
If you believe in ads, just one
brushing with the correct denti
frice will change you from Mr.
Hyde to Dr. Jekyll. If you take
the word of Consumers Union den
tal consultants, all a dentifrice can
do is make brushing the teeth a
pleasanter chore than it would
otherwise be and give the tooth
brush some slight aid in polishing
the tooth surfaces.
Among the Best Buys in tooth
paste are Scientific Brand 1005,
13 cents Spearmint, 9 cents The
Fair, 20 cents Dr. Kyle’s, 14
cents Filene’s Own Dental Cream
for Massaging the Gums, 19 cents
in tooth powders, Macy’s, 41 cents
Labratest, 44 cents Ward’s cat.
No.—3727, 20 cents Dr. Brown’s,
23 cents Co-op, 25 cents and Pro
phy-lac-tic, 23 cents.
You can now get a reasonably
good ball-point pen—if you are
willing to pay the price. Competi
tion has reduced prices generally
but the best three ball-point pens
rated highest by Consumers Union
are still in the $12.50 to $15
W* -J
Thursday, January 1947
At best, ball-point pens will.'
write easily though without mucjr
character, will make carbon copies^
write for a long time without re
filling and require no blotting.
CU’s examination showed a high
percentage of samples which would
either not write at all or wrote so
erratically that they could not be
considered Acceptable even for oc
casional use^.„ ",
The best! of the ball-point
pens tested were the Sheaffer
Stratowriter at $12.50 plus 20 per
cent tax. Among lower priced pens
which were fairly good, were
i e 1 s o n Re-Tract-O, $5.98,
Blythe, $2.98, Bedell, $5,95. o
.--------- -____:______
Court Upholds
Soundtruck Gagl
Trenton, N. J. (FP)—The New
Jersey supreme court upheld here
an anti-noise injunction passed by
the Trenton city commission last
summer in what labor spokesmen
termed a “gag on free spe^cHj
a direct thrust at labor.” 4
The court saw nothing unreason
able in the law'which gag» ampli
fiers for outdoor meetings and
bans the qse of .soundtrucks. Tn a
2 to 1 decision the judges held that
freedom of speech does not in
clude the right “to compel others
to listen.” Use of soundtrucks, they
said, “is tantamount to compuF
The noise ban was passed to
curb the use of a soundtruck by
printers who struck a year ago
against the conservative Trenton
Times, and also coincided with pro
tests against singing by pickets of
the Food Tobacco & Agricultural
Workers during the nationwide
American Tobacco Co. strike.
Now Is the Time
to Buy Coal
OIfic.934 Hom* 693
Railroad & Bollock Streets
Red Skelton returns in the side-splitting
topper of his whole career!
y C”’-’
$c. r” ”,n r,-O
,, a i i
p. o a vc
“YOUR AN EDUCATION"—Colored Cartoon
“OUR OLD CAR"—Passing Parade
NEWS of the Day in Pictures yz

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