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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 23, 1947, Image 2

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Metal Trades Hold Portal
Pay Suite Violate Principle
Basic To Sound Bargaining
WasfenBon, t). C. (ILNS)—The
executive council rfi the AFL
Metal Trades Department has de
dared its ^opposition to portal-to
portal suits for back wages, basing
its stand on the principle that the
integrity of collective bargaining
agreements must be upheld.
Announcing the council’s deci
sion, President John P. Frey of
the department said the council
had been governed by “one basic
consideration—its faith and loyalty
to collective bargaining with em
President Frey emphasized that
unless negotiated Agreements “can
to depended upon by both parties,
Collective bargaining can not be
successfully continued.” He point
ed out thAt international unions
Comprising the Metal Trades De
partment have practiced collective
bargaining with employers from
the beginning and added:
“When these agreements had
been negotiated and signed, they
specifically expressed what the
employers were willing to pay in
the field of wages, and what trade
unionists were willing to accept
the period covered by these
“In the applicAtibn of all terms
and provisions of agi4ements dur
ing their life, the question of each
jhrty’s good faith and integrity is
involved,” Frey continued. “With
out this good faith an integrity,
Cbllective bargaining would be of
little, if any, value to either labor
ar management
“When an Agreement was enter
ed into, the employer knows what
his labor costs will be, as far ps
wages are concerned, for the
period of the agreement. Trade
unionists under the agreement
pledge themselves not to introduce
new questions of wages during the
life of the agreement, unless it
specifically contains a provision
fbr the reopening of the agreement
for this purpose during the period
of its existence.
Antonio Lozzi, 54, slipmaker at
the Harker Pottery Co. in Chester,
died Monday in the City Hospital,
where he had beep a patient for
two weeks.,
Lozzi was Korn in Italy and
resided in this city until recently
yrhen he made his home with his
brother and sister-in-law, Mr. and
Mrs. James Lozzi, 588 Main Street,
He was a member of Local
Union 21, National Brotherhood of
.Operative Potters and the Moose
podge of East Liverpool.
He leaves his widow, a son,
Ponoto Lozzi, and a daughter,
Jennie Lozzi, a brother, Ben Loozi
told a sister, MrS. Angellno Preori,
all in Italy.
Funeral service* were held
Thursday from the Immaculate
Conception Catholic Church in
Wellsville. Burial was in St. Eliza
beth’s Cemetery.
(Continued Front Page One)
value,” Brown asserted.
1 “If there is any question about
(be strain of such a paltry sum
for this all-important matter, how
can the cancellation of the one and
one-half billion dollars in luxury
taxes recently announced by proc
lamation, be justified,” he asked.
‘♦These luxury taxes are the ‘wine,
women and song’ taxes .,” he
added. “The National Labor Rela
tions Board has been a significant
factor in reducing strife in labor
management relations despite the
reckless claims to the contrary .•.
Mid as long as Congress provides
Statutory machinery for the order
ly processing of any of labor’s
problems, Congress has a moral
responsibility and a duty to pro
vide to keep the machinery going
he declared.
Figures cited by Brown reveal
ml that the board started the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1947, with a
backlog of 4,605 cases and in the
gibsequent 5 months, with the ex
ception of one month, steadily fell
behind in its work, because of in
•bfficient funds. As a result it had,
by the end of November, 1946, a
Mbcklog of 5,277 cases instead tf
the 4,606 it started with, or an in
crease of 672 cases.
The original $4,746,900 asked for
ty the board was cut to $4,069,500
or $677,400 less than it needed and
every indication points out that be
cause of this slash the board with
a current backlog of more than
5,000 cases will end up at the end
of the fiscal year with some 9,000
cases in the rear, Brown said.
(Coatindod From Page One)
C, Small, Cliff Rawlings, Roy
lUsseU and Clarence W right.
“To now inject the question of
back pay, for ‘portal-to-portar
time, would be an admission that
when the wage agreements were
signed by union representatives,
they had been insincere during the
negotiations, and had held mental
reservations which they were un
willing to discuss with employ
ers while seated at the confer
ence table.
“There is nothing to prevent the
discussion of ‘portal-to-portal’ pay
when existing agreements with
employers were negotiated, and
the inclusion of this form of pay
ment in the new agreements. But
as to existing agreements with
employers, many of them entered
into with the same corporation for
a generation or more, the execu
tive counsil definitely recommends
that existing collective bargaining
agreements must not be dishonor
ed by now entering into legal suits
to secure a form of wages which
were not provided for when the
existing agreement was negoti
Will Cooperate
On Labor Bills
Washington (FP)—Secretary of
Labor Lewis Schwellenbach told a
press conference that his attitude
toward the 80th Congress and its
record collection of bills affecting
organized labor “will be one of at
tempted cooperation.” He will test
ify before committees when asked,
he said.
Schwellenbach SAid he Is study
ing the many pieces of legislation
now in congressional hoppers, most
of which are attempts to hog-tie
and hamper unions in organization
and negotiation with employers.
The fact that a bill is written
by a Republican “will not prejudice
me,” he said, adding that he will
feel free to criticize legislative
proposals, both as to objectives
and to means for reaching them.
“But I am not just going to say
‘no’ to everything,” he said. ,P
Schwellenbach said he opposed
laws setting up boards to handle
industrial disputes and that such
laws “would hamper industrial
peace. “You can’t have a board and
have real collective bargaining,”
he said,, expressing a preference
for the voluntary use of panel*' of
experts in the industries where
disputes exist. He recently set up
such a panel of 26 outstanding
labor relations men.
The U. S. conciliation service
1946, he said, averted strikes
90.3 per cent of the disputes
which it took a hand.
With these fine committees
‘ire sure the officers will have
well deserved aid which they
Of proposals to amend the Wag
ner act, he spoke for a careful
committee investigation of the way
it works, saying: “It would be a
serious mistake to chip off this
that part of the Wagner act.”
Unions Urged To
Write Contracts
In Plain English
Filibuster Rule
Target Of Bills
Washington (FP)—That favor
ite tactic of the real life Claghorn
in the U. S. Senate, thg. filibuster,
may be on its way out.
Two bills to bar the use of long
windy speeches and unlimited de
bate to defeat measures desired
by a Senate majority are before
committees, one by Senator Wil
liam F. Knowland and the Other
by Senator Wayne Morse.
Both measures would amend the
Senate’s rules. Knowland would
enable the Senate to Hrpit debate
by a simple majority vote, instead
of two thirds of those present.
Morse’s bill would bar unlimited
debate on amending the Senate
Journal—a device long favored by
polltax southerners in filibusters.
fContinued From Fag' One)
ate in their production. We need a
clearer understanding of the fact
that farm income and the welfare
of farmers are inseparably linked
with earnings and real incomes of
city workers.
“There is general agreement
that steps to improve efficiency
and increase the flow of goods in
short supply is vital alike to the
success of the new price controls
and to the advancement of wages
and living standards.”
Turning to the question of labor
disputes, the Secretary “warned
against the dangers of punitive
legislation enacted in haste and
without comprehensive study, and
pointed out that industrial strife is
actually a symptom of basic eco
nomic maladjustments.”
“Insecurity is a primary cause
of industrial unrest,” he declared.
“In a period of reconversion, with
rising prices, scarcity of commodi
ties and the consequent threat to
workers living standards, peaceful
adjustments are much more diffi
cult to attain. Hence the problem
of labor management disputes
could not be solved by legislation
limited to the establishment of
techniques for the expeditious
bettlements of such disputes
New York (FP) Union con
tracts should be writteh in plain
English, and not in legalistic
hocus-pocus, Dr. Rudolf Flesch
urged here in an article in a Union
Contracts Service report publish
ed by Prentice-Hall Inc.
Flesch, who teaches at New
York University and is an author
ity on “readibility,” said that after
reading half a dozen union con
tracts, picked at random, he was
“staggered by their complexity.”
“After years in government
service,” he said, “I was used to
legal jargon but this was even
worse. It was union-contract-spec
ialist jArgon, twice removed from
‘normal’ plain American. Many of
the contracts were printed as pock
et-sized booklets for workers to
take home and read. I felt sorry
for those who did: they must have
had an awfulz time before they
gave up.”
Among the simpler sentences,
Flesch cited as a typical example:
“Such grievance shall be submitted
to such impartial umpire in writ
ing and he shall promptly afford
to the Employee or Employees con
concerned, the Union and tljp Com
pany, a reasonable opportunity to
present evidence and td be heard
in support of their respective
positions ydthi regard to such
In plain English, he suggested,
this could be written: “The next
step is to write the umpire a letter
about it. The umpire has to look
into the matter right away. He has
to give everyone a chance to tell
his side of the story And to prove
As general rules, Flesch recom
mended that no sentence exceed 20
words, that whereases and other
legal terms be excluded, that the
simpler of two words be
wherever there is a choice
job instead of position) and
abstract rules be illustrated
two or three examples.
Washington (FP) True to his
threat, Senator Joseph Ball intro
duced a bill to ban the closed shop
in U. S. industry under pain of a
$5,000 fine, a year in jail or both.
Ball’s bill would make unlawful
all forms of clbsea shop contracts,
including both union shop and
maintenance of union membership
contracts. He would continue the
ban on the “yellow dog contract”
outlawed since 1932.
The ban on the" closed Shop
would be effective 90 days after
passage of the bill.
Urges Bargaining
(Continued From Page One)
for portal pay. The resolution de
clared that the only ones entitled
to the portal pay were the miners,
who “were sustained in their
claim by the highest court in the
land.” The resolution Also declared
that such a demand by others “is
not morally justified, because it
was not agreed to in the contracts
signed by these unions of the CIO
and their employers.”
Meanwhile, Walter Mason, a leg
islative representative of the A FL
appearing before the Senate sub
committee weighing this issue,
vigorously opposed bills for
changes in the Fair Labor Stand
ards Act.
He discussed particularly the
Wiley and Capehart measures. En
actment of such proposals, ho de
clared, would “place the American
workers back several generations
to the time when they were paid
by the day, regardless of the num
ber of hours worked.”
The Federation, he emphasized,
had pioneered for nearly a half
century for the Fair Labor Stand
ards Act. He said:
“It has offered to millions of un
fortunate victims an opportunity
to rise to industrial citizenship, or,
in other words, a chance, through
unionization, to
bargaining with
and thus achieve
‘We are proud
ment, but feel that we should be
considering today legislation that
would provide a substantial in
crease in the minimum wage stand
ards and to strengthen the law by
broadening the scope of its cover
age to include millions of workers
still excluded from its benefits,
who now are working under condi
tions detrimental to the mainten
ance of the minimum standard of
living necessary for their health,
efficiency and general well being,
rather than legislation that will
weaken the act itself.”
Reduction of contracts to
plest terms, he said, will insure
that everyone will understand
them and will eliminate much fric
Bo// Bill Would
Kill Closed Shop
attain collective
their employers
industrial email-
of this achieve-
The Federation, Mr. Mason said,
as he analyzed both the Wiley and
Capehart bills in detail, is strongly
opposed to both measures, because
it sees In them a serious threat to
gains registered by labor over A
long period of years.
We’re saving evtrythhig
except broken shue laces.
HARMONY HANDSHAKE—Smiling broadly, President Truman
shakes hands with Senator Arthur Vandenberg and Representative
Joseph W. Martin, present leaders of the GOP-controlled Congress.
Does this friendly scene mean the president will sign the Republican
sponsored anti-labor bills when they ffiially reach his desk? (Feder
ated Pictures).__________________ ____________________________
Health In Postwar Europe
The great influenza epidemic
killed millions of people following
World War I. Typhus fever swept
over eastern Europe. Tuberculosis
and starvation took a huge toll.
Are the four horsemen, famine,
pestilence, disease and death,
stalking the world after this war
Enough time has passed for us
to see that things are better, at
least in Europe. There have
epidemics but they have been
restricted in scope and have
checked earlier. There still is
vation and malnutrition but
have not been so widespread and
have been counteracted more
But the danger period is not
over. Practically all the major
disease rates are higher than the
prewar levels and the threat of
severe epidemics still exists. As
long as this is true, the United
States is not safe from their ef
Food and shelter are still very
scarce. Supplies of clothing and
fuel are also dangerously low. It
takes a far longer time to restore
a war-wrecked country than we in
the U. S. can imagine.
An American doctor who just
returned from six months in Bye
lorussia, one of the devasted areas
in eastern Europe, stated at a
medical meeting that the winter
and spring of 1947 will be very
dangerous ones for the people in
this and other eastern European
areas. Byelorussia Is one of the
westernmost republics of the
Soviet Union, with a population of
ten million. It was occupied for
three years by the Nazis.
Now, he reports, the food supply
is lacking in milk, meat and other
protein foods, fats, fresh fruits
and other necessities. UNRRA is
the major source of these foods
available in the area. But
UNRRA’s program is coming to an
end, and the current UNRRA food
will all have been consumt*d soon.
Until the next harvest things
will be very difficult. Even then
agricultural yields will still be far
below those of prewar years so the
food emergency will not be over.
Tuberculosis, which is related to
food and housing shortages, is
severe in this area.
About 75 per cent of the hos
pital buildings in Byelorussia were
demolished by the Nazis. An
estimated 95 per cent of m«‘dical
Part of the credit for the better
record goes to the public health
movement, for advances in the pre
vention and threatment of disease
made since World War I. Much
of it goes to UNRRA, the United
Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration. This agency has
shipped food, clothing, agricultural
and" other supplies to the devastat
ed countries, and has furnished
trained personnel for control of
tuberculosis, malaria and venereal
Ji I $ a
John, Greta, Betty, Jack
equipment, X-ray aparatus, mic
roscopes and surgical instruments,
were also destroyed or stolen. As
a result health facilities have been
put under a severe strain. There
are I not enough sanitariums for
tuberculosis patients, and many ac
tive, -infectious cases are therefore
left nt home, exposing their fami
lies to the danger of catching the
UNRRA, Red Cross, American
Society of Russian Relief and other
agencies have sent some medical
suppiles. But their programs never
came near filling the need, and
they| are now practically at an
end. I
A "matter for positive Worry for
us ithe fact that our government
hasjopposed the continuation of
UNRRA, is opposing the formation
of «'hew UN- emergency food re
lief agency to replace it, and is
talkipg of giving aid mainly to
Italy! Austria and Greece the
first [two, former enemy countries.
Fiorftto LaGuardia, who recently
resigned as Director General of
UNRRA, has accused the govern
ment of using relief as a political
weapon—against prolabor,
cratic and left wing trends
This in another example
reckless foreign policy, which
pears to be trying to embroil us
in an atomic war with Rpssia. It
is up to organized labor, and work
ing people in general, to let the
President, the State Department
and .Congress know they do not
like it. j'
Meat Workers Hit
Portal Pay Sults
Chicago (ILNS)—The Amalga
mated Meat Cutters and Butcher
Workmen has directed local unions
not to file portal-to-portal pay
suits. A letter signed by Earl W.
Jimerson, president and Patrick E.
Gorman, secretary-treasurer, said:
“Our organization should not
now besmirch its fine record of
fair dealing and fair play by filing
numerous damage suits against
employers over the portal-to-portal
pay question, Especially when
neither side could anticipate these
issues when collective bargaining
agreements were consummated in
good faith.”
what womjh doesn’t thrill to
the thought of owning a new gas
Milady has waited i lott| time.
She has been expecting to sec some
thing extra special when the new
gas rtuiges went on display, and she
110 W. Sixth Street
In 37 States
2nd Highest
Residential Building
Shows Sharp Jump
New York City (ILNS)—Invest
ment commitments for residential
construction reached an all-time
high in the 37 states east of the
Rocky Mountains during 1947, it
was reported by F. W. Dodge Cor
poration, a fact-finding organiza
tion for the construction industry.
The total valuation of contracts
awarded /tor residential construc
tion last year in the 37 stAtes was
$3,142,102,000 which compares
with $2,788,318,000 for 1928, the
last previous record-breaking year.
On the basis of floor area- of
residential building called for in
contracts awarded, however, 1946
stood forth, higher residential
floor area totals being shown for
1928 with 568,382,000 square feet,
1925 with 559,499,000, and 1926
with 521,062,000. The ttftiil floor
area called for in last year’s resi
dential contracts was 516,256,000,
thus reflecting current higher
building costs, the Dodge Corpora
tion said.
Government restrictidfls Ph non
residential construction, and heavy
engineering worlds were instrumen
tal in holding the total volume of
this classification of projects to a
valuation of $4,347,620,000 to bring
the year’s value of all building and
construction contracts to $7,489,
722,000, the second highest total on
record. Construction contracts to
taled $8,255,061,000 in the 37 east
ern states in 1942, setting an all
time record for all classifications
of construction.
Threaten Strike
Against Trust Co.
New York (FP) Twelve hun
dred employees at 10 offices of
the Title Guarantee A Trust Co.
here are holding work stoppages
and have voted almost unanimous
ly for strike action.
Members of the Financial Em
ployees Guild, United Office &
Professional Workers, accussed the
company of bad faith and attempts
at unionbusting by its conduct dur
ing contract renewal negotiations
and mediation.
Negotiations for a renewal of
the contract opened Dec. 3 with
the union asking a $6.50 general
salary increase, 85-hour week,
union shop? company-financed hos
pitalization and group life insur
ance, a pension plan, weekly pay
days and numerous classification
The company made only inade
quate salary proposals, refused all
other union demands and turned
down union offers of arbitration.
We never confess our faults ex
cept through vanity.—La Roche
Manufacturers Light & Heat Co.
isn’t been disappointed
The new models are tha last word
in modern, effortless, cooking con
gertiencc. Automatic clock controls
regulate precise, even temperatures
throughout spacious, well-insulated
ovens. Top burnere are self-lighting,
easily removed and cleaned with
giant burners for extra speed and
simmer burners to furnish that slow
even heat which preserves garden
fresh color and flavor in vegetables.
And then there's that big smokeless
flame flavor.
But see these new gas ranges for
yourself the kites models arc
on display at Gas Appliance Dealers
and at your Gas Company Office. Place
orders now to insure earliest delivery.
-■I East Liverpool Ohio
Lucky Actress
Kisses Nothing
But Big Stars
She kissed Clark Gable in
“Honky Tonk.”
And now Cleo Morgan, dimpled
sister of Lucille Ball, gets another
“break” in “Two Smart People”
when she kisses John Hodiak, lead
ing man in the M-G-M thriller-ro
mance coming to the Ceramic
It’s the first time tfie two glam
orous sisters appear in a movie to
The scene takes place in a color
ful Mardi Gras sequence of the
picture. Miss Ball, wearing an
Irene-designed lace and sequin
studded princess costume, and, Ho
diak, dressed as a pirate make
their way through the merry-mak
ing throng, entangled with gay
streamers and showered with CQU-
C*. Midgets dance in the street. Fat
men dressed as babies cavort
hilariously. Merriment reigns. Out
of the surging mob comes a scan
tily-clad Cleopatra—Lucille Ball’s
In the Bacchanalian revelry, the
gay crowd capture whomever is
nearest at hand to embrace and
kiss. Miss Ball starts to kiss Ho
diak, but her sister, the bewitching
Cleopatra, throws herself into Ko
diak’s arms and kisses him instead.
The scene in which the two sis
ters vie for Hodiak’s attention will
be a surprise to Miss Morgan’s
husband when he sees it in Ger
many, she said.
“He’s a first lieutenant in the
100th Infantry Division,” Miss
Ball’s sister explained.
Thursday, January 23, 1947
All kilnmen are urged to
be present at next meeting to
vote on referendum for insur
ance benefits.
—By order of President
Survival Of Frau
(Continued From Page One)
tions settled peacefully to 5,000
strikes, is not good enough when
the stoppages include such big
strikes as coal and steel or such
long strikes as maritime and Gen
eral Motors.” .•/
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COLORS:—Wine, Blue, Green and Natural
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Daveno Cover...........
Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio
RAY birch service station
Broadway at Sixth St “Established June, 1913” Phone 190
kind says
Now Is the Time
to Buy Cool
Office 934 Home 693
Railroad & Belleck Streets
$ 6.65
Bring your car to our lubrication
specialists. They possess the “know how”
necessary to put your car in first-class
shape from a lubrication standpoint. The
best lubrication service in town costs you
no more than the ordinary kind.

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