Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, January 23, 1947
Two Groups Oppose Bills Restricting Labor's Rights Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Re ■toitless opposition to the flood on LJti labor bills now being introduc ed in Congress was expressed at the Joint Legislative Conference of the American Federation of Labor and the Railroad Brotherhoods held at AFL headquarters here. The conference was attended by more than 75 legislative represen tatives of AFL unions and the 4 independent brotherhoods. A feature of the meeting was a slashing attack on the Ball bill by AFL President William Green, who declared it would provoke indus trial “discord and strife.” It was agreed that the efforts of the organizations represented at the meeting be coordinated in a united campaign to combat and de feat dangerous, restrictive legisla tion. This campaign, it was em phasized, must be supplemented by the support of union members Tenir. Co. Sued For $lVi Millions In Silicosis Claims Copperhill, Tenn. (FP) Fail ure to observe Tennessee industrial health laws resulted in 31 law suits against the Tennessee Cop per Co. in 1946. The claims, made R’ workers who contracted silicosis a result of the company’s ne ect, totaled $1,530,000. Thirty of the suits were for $50,000 and one was for $30,000. Handling the claims, most of which were settled out of court on undisclosed terms, were Coins & Gammon and John S. Wrinkle. All the workers charged they had suf fered total and permanent disabili ty from lung and bronchial afflic tions. Silicosis is caused by inhal ing the dust and silica in the Cop per mines area. Wrinkle said he has also filed cases in federal court at Knoxville for workers who allege they have occupational diseases from work ing at Oak Ridge on the atomic bomb project. Pointing out that oc cupational diseases are on the up grade in the state, Wrinkle said he expected the Tennessee legislature to pass a bill which would place such diseases under the workmen’s compensation act. Truman Hailetf As.JRepubJicpn i. A, BoStorf, Mass.—A lead editorial in tM* arch-Republican, antilabor ^Boston Herald has hailed Presi _drnt Truman after his State of the iW^iiion message to Congress, as ^^Q)ur ‘Republican’ President.” yThe tory paper, owned by the First National Bank of Boston and the power trust, praised the mess age because of “its conciliatory, al most GOP tone.” Because it called for antilabor legislation, pleaded e o n om y, promised a budget surplus at the workers’ expense and pleaded for keeping up our military strength, the Herald said that “the Presi dent’s message might have been written by any of the Republican middle-of-the-roaders in his hear ing.” “Is the President playing poli tics in mapping a course so close to the GOP heart?” the Herald asked. “Opinions differ, but there is a strong conviction—that he is now being the kind of a Presi dent he always wanted to be.” I Prepare New FEPC Law’ Draft For 80th Congress Washington (FP)—The pledges for fair employment practices leg islation made by both major poli tical parties are being taken ser iously by the National Council for a permanent FEPC, as that group announced it was drafting a new FEPC bill for consideration by the ^•Mih Congress. “Arrangements are now being made for discussing the proposed bill with members of both parties in both houses of Congress,” said Rev. Allan Knight Chalmers and A. Philip Randolph, co-chairmen of the council. “It is hoped that a bill along the lines worked out by the council’s legal committee may bfe introduced early in January. Early hearing and enactment will be sought to meet a nationwide need for standards or fair employ ment.” Passage of FEPC legislation,. they said, “is overdue if we art* to! .^validate our war aims, the commit grants of the United Nations Char TJ' and subsequent discussions in ^meetings of the UN. We must be ^gin to practice on Main Street what we have preached at Lake Success.” ’NEW CONTRACT SIGNED San Francisco (FP) The Pa cific Gas & Electric Co. has sign ed a new contract with the Inter national Brotherhood of Electrical "Workers giving a 6 per cent raise iplus $2.50 weekly to 6,237 employ ees, retroactive to Dec. 1. The same contract has been offered to the Utility Workers Union, represent ing 4,520 PG&E employees, and is now under consideration, »5rw«j throughout the nation in order to be successful. “We know we face a tough fight, but not a hopeless one,” W. C. Hushing, chairman of the confer ence and also chairman of the AFL Legislative Committee, said. API 8891 I 2*421 WELL FITTING A lingerie item to add to your wardrobe, Pat tern 8891, comes in sizes 12 to 20 40 and 42. Send 25 cents in coin, your name, address, pattern num ber and size to Federated Press Pattern Service, 1150 Avenue of the Americas, New York 19, N. Y. In a brief talk to the meeting, President Green singled out the I “Long may they wave,” said Lit bill introduced by Senator Ball of I tie Luther. Minnesota to abolish union shop I “Shut up,” said Mr. contracts, for special attack. I “that isn’t what I was “Wittingly or unwittingly, Sen- I say.” ator Ball is acting as the agent “Why do you think I ...... |lic„ voke discord and strife. “Some of our unions union shop agreements ployers for more than They have established bargaining on a firm __ reached the highest level of union-11’”“ft”*Would be better for your management* cooperation. Senator I reputation if you were a little Ball’s bill would cut the founda-1 more private,” Little Luther said, tions out from under them. It I “at least with your opinions. In would destroy freedom of contract. I any case you make more than “Let .Congress remember that I$5,000 a year, don’t you?” loyal trade union members with a I ‘Qf course), my boy,” Mr. Dil tradition of union shop policy willlworth gajj. «}f didn’t how could refuse, to work beside free-riders I yotJ expect to get $52 a year al and strike-breakers. Ilowance—that’s a dollar a week— “Senator Ball’s bill strips the lj ask you?” mask of hypocrisy from the pro-1 “Weil,” said Little Luther, ponents of restrictive legislation. I «there are just abOut 4,060,000 In the name of industrial peace, I peOple in America like you.” they are now coming forward with I “Salt of the earth,” said Mr. Dil proposals which would wrecklworth “4,000,000, eh? Sort of labor-management relations per- (common to be one among 4,000,000. manently.” Vets Win Back’ Subsistence Pay New York (FP) Seven ex-1 “And more than 30,000,000 of GIs at the Hollywood Footwear them„ ma^eT ,le8S Tthan $2,000 a Corp, here have started the New lyeaE’ sai* Little Luther. Year by sharing $3,000 in retro- I “Such cheapskates, Mr. Dil active trainee subsistance pay, won (worth exclaimed, I guess ... -,y. erans Bureau. Members of the lw®Y United Shoe Workers, each of the 1 vets received more than $400 in re troactive pay. for them by theNew"York ’Vet-have count THEM, do The payment was made after Director Charlies Klare of the.| bureau successfully argued that l“The Dies-Rankin-Thomas veterans should be given subsis- (American committee figures tance pay retroactively to the day |Per cent of Americans are they actually started training. Pre- (American.” viously state authorities had in-| “Well, I guess ’that proves The retroactive pay brought to |V©W,l,,e more than $80,000 the total back aqttq 1Y'- *•K: The unions,” said Mr. Dilworth, for big corporate interests wholed?” asked Little Luther. are out to destroy the trade union I “The unions,” said Mr. Dilworth, movement,” Green charged. “This I “WOuld do well to reconsider those bill will not promote industrial I portal-to-portal suits. They’re go peace. On the contrary, it will pro-1 ing to be unpopular with the pub- have had I “The public?” asked Little Luth with em 50 years. I «yes with me, for collective I said Mr. Dilworth. “I basis and lpart of the public.” er. bu^ “Why should we,” agreed Little Luther, “they’re only half the wage earning Americans.” “Half?” Mr. Dilworth repeated. “Why sure,” said Little Luther. un 90 un- sisted" that VA payments started lean exclude them irom the public,” after approval of the GI’s applica- I Mr. Dilworth said with relief, tion. In many cases, because of I “Of course,” said Luther, “it’s so unreasonable delay and red tape, I much chummier without them, isn’t this meant approval came only lit, you old phony!” after the vet had already spent I several months in actual training. (Da AXiIIa pay won by on-the-job trainees as ■•fill a result of negotiations between Lm Ange|M (Fp)-_ -e the Veterans Bureau and the state DeMille’s anti-union Department of Labor. The victory Jcrllsale ran into another al set. also succeeded apeedmg the on- when Los Angeles8district tire process ot'approving veterans I |s sustapne(i lower applications for apprenticeships I that union a an^gb-training under the GI b.il I, o paM on ife mi IO1U IS 114 113 Dilworth, going to 112 Ill ____ interrupt- 110 Ml 101 107 IM example,” hope I’m W5 4 S3 «2 101 a that proves we’re public.” “And there are about 55,000,000 who make less than $5,000 a year,” Little Luther pointed out. “That rabble!” snorted Mr. Dil worth. we ACAC lAnti-Union Fiaht I The suit was brought by DeMille Pi i im riTTiv (against his union, the American FOR EDUCATION v Federation of Radio Artists, after Washington (FP) Congress Ijf voted a $1 assessment to fight was asked Jan. 7 to appropriate 1 la right-to-work state constitutional billion dollars for federal aid to (amendment which DeMille and education by the AFL National (California employer groups were Committee on Education. (backing. jChairman Matthew Woll also I DeMille was barred from his asked the states to pahs legislation (radio program since he was no immediately to assure every teach-1 longer a union member in good er a minimum starting salary of I standing, saw his pet antilabor !2,500 a year. He added that such (measure defeated at the polls and a program is necessary to assure a (spent thousands of dollars fight “sound American education” to the ling his court case with the score nation’s children. |t0 ]ate—a big fat zero. AFL Drive Aimed At Department Stores Washington (FP)—Reports that I the Retail Clerks International As sociation has* launched a national campaign to organize deparment store workers lacked official con firmation here Jan. 2, but AFL Organizational Director Frank Fenton said the union is “doing very well.” I Peak centers of Activity for the clerks union appear to be Boston, Indianapolis, Chicago, the West coast and Washington. The union is headed by President James A. Suffridge and has headquarters at Lafayette, Ind. PROTESTS AGAINST RENTS New York (FP) At its last regular meeting in 1946 the New York county organization of the American Legion, representing over 150 legion posts, went on record in an unprecedented action as strongly protesting the Legion national leadership’s recommenda tion of a 10 per cent increase in Dr. A. A. Exley Sandwiched between guest stars from Hollywood, Broadway and the radio who provided entertain ment from 9 p. m. to well after midnight, Wallace injected a ser ious note as he thanked the guild for honoring him with one of its 28 Page One awards. “The supreme freedom is Un freedom of the people to know the truth,” Wallace? said., “Today in the U. S. the people have that free dom but they are not exercising it because they have not caret! enough for liberal commentator liberal colupmists and liberal newspapers to support them vigor ously. A half-used freedom can not be stored away indefinitely.” He urged the guild to continue to fight for adequate wages, job security, a fair attitude toward management, freedom of the press “and, above all, the freedom of the public to know the truth, Governor William M. Tuck that the Virginia Advisory Legislative Council prepare bills to bar strikes in public utilities and outlaw the closed shop throughout the state met virgorous A FL opposition here. z Tuck, who won national publi city in breaking a recent power strike by inducting strikers into, the state guard, asked the coun cil to have the legislation ready for a special session of the Virginia 1 General Assembly. International Rep. Joseph C. McIntosh of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers sounded the strongest objection to the Tuck proposals. He declared that they were unnecessary and he questioned the good faith of the governor. Business Agent Silas Switzer »f the Textile Workers Urion at Roanoke, termed the proposals contrary to American principles. AFL GRANTS CHARTER Boston (FP) The AFL has given a charter to the 12,000-mem ber National Association of Postal Supervisors, bringing AFL unions to 105 and AFL members, to seven million. Y Only uncomfortable chairs be come antiques comfortable chairs are worn out by use in a single generation. i I i. OPTOMETRIST Eyes Examined Glasses Fitted Office Hours: 9 to 5 Evenings 7 to 9 By Appointment 502 Market Street^ 3 Over Peoples Drug Storei s PHONES: 2378 Office 2264-R, Residence r, u- THE POTTERS HERALD RECORD RISE IN CONSUMERS* PRICES -JANUARY H46 100 IHDU ’20 119 MS 119 100 UAN FU MM MTMff JVNdUlMN St* OCT MV MC New York (FP) “An active press can mean more for peace than all the diplomats of all the foreign offices,” Henry A. Wallace told 8,000 people who jammed the grand ballroom of the Waldorf Astoria for the Newspaper Guild annual Page One ball. 1 .&9tt<' Y Y .Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Up, up, up go consumer priebs, says this chart based on figures from the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. And to the housewife who’s had to pay and pay and pay this is hardly news. (Federated Pictures). Press Vital Far Peace, Wailace Tells News Guild Great System The Moscow beggar who turned up with all those rubles proves that free enterprise is not yet dead in the Soviet Union. Trying to get a kind word for labor out of Truman is like trying to ram butter down a wildcat’s throat with a redhot awl. Handsome John Bricker of Ohio announces he won’t run for presi dent but will “throw his weight be hind Senator Robert Taft.” With a head start like that, all Taft needs is about 30,000,000 votes. Bricker could have donfe worse. He could have thrown his weight in, front of Taft. Returning the Xmas tie the wife gave us reminds us how much bet ter they run stores than they do politics. When somebody gives you a stinker in politics, you’re stuck, brother, and no exchanging him for something better. I LABOR FIGHTS 4 VIRGINIA PROPOSALS Roanoke, Va. A request from Those little gals in a Detroit suburb who want to swim in the school pool unemcumbered, just like the boys on their days, should remember that swimsuit workers will be stripped bare too if nobody wears suits anymore. Uncle Sam may protest the Polish national elections but at least no Polish district cast its vote for Bi|bo. BILBO MISUSES OFFICE Washington (FP) Chairman Harley Kilgore of the Senate na tional defense investigating com mittee reported Jan. 2: “The evi dence presented to this committee clearly indicates that Senator Theodore Bilbo improperly used his high office as U. S. senator for his personal gain in his dealings with war contractors.” WANTED MOULDMAKER One to Block and Case ihl Sanitary. Good Wages for right party. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio.: FOR A CHANGE, SERVE BETSY ROSS SLICED VIENNA Enriched Xvith Vitamin and Iron 1' IRQ in HI Ilf lit 114 III lit lit nd tog ?A III wr toe 109 IM IM 101 100 Plans Mapped By A.F.L. To Fight Anti-Labor Bills The group decided to coordinate I many, 8 East 41st Street, New their efforts on Capitol Hill, and I York City. to call on union members and I. Analyzing the results of ail Ger loc&Is across the country to join I mfln elections since the overthrow in the political struggle tp protect I of Hitler, the publication states: labor’s rights. I “The recent elections, whether for Green, addressing the group, I county or city councils or for State said Senator Joseph Ball, GOP I assemblies, were highly political wheel in the Senate labor commit- I contests between well established tee, “is acting as the agent for I parties which had come to rep big corporate interests who arelresent different political and eco out to destroy the trade union Inomic programs-and possibly movement. 1 “Some of union shop ______ ___ w ployers for more than 50 years. I be democratic, and all their pro They have established collective I grammatic statements declare that bargaining on a firm basis and I democracy the only possible reached the highest level of union-1 basis for post war Germany. But it management cooperation. Senator I jg precise!v in their concepts*of Ball’s bill would cut the founda-1 democracy that the parties are tions out from under them. It I most sharply divided. would disrupt relations between I fair employers and unions. It I .._ ... would destroy freedom of contract. I Liberal (or Free) Dern “Let Congress remember that I001*48 come closest to the 19th loyal trade union members with a I century concept of a political dem tradition of union shop policy will I06***5? based on unn stneted free refuse to work beside freeriders l^n^rpnse. The Social Democrat and strikebreakers. I believe that, present-day Ger “Senator Ball’s bill strips the lmany» democracy in the political mask of hypocrisy from the pro- 8Phe« can only be achieved on the ponents of restrictive legislation. pasls a soci e iomy. Their In the name of industrial peace, dem^uc Socialism they are now coming forward with our unions agreements a a o OlirS MQlfluQl S TO is TOY I OIIbTGXGS The county trustee reported a flood of applications for poll tax receipts and indicated a lion s share of the credit for the unusual response goes to the CLU. Standard Oil Sued For Anti-Trust Violation Los Angeles (FP) An anti trust suit against Standard Oil of California was instituted by the government here when it sought an injunction to restrain the com pany from illegally compelling 7.300 gas station dealers in eight western states to distribute only standard products. The suit charged Standard and its subsidiary, Standard Stations I Inc., with violating the Sherman I and Clayton anti-trust acts by re-1 quiring the dealers to sign con-1 tracts or enter agreements not to I handle the products of any other I company. I HUNDREDS OF YOUR NEIGHBORS PREFER the SAVINGS ami IOAN Dic^! They find it helps them pay off their homes in easy, rent-1 size payments. ", A savings and loon mort-| gage can bo arranged to utmost satisfaction, too. your Talk with our mortgage consultant... and get his friendly advice. FIRST FEDERAL Savings & Loan 1032 Pennsylvania Av. *T& ■*Y (program, all 3 parties are defin- litely Western in their ideology and (therefore in sharp conflict with I the Communist party—or in the Chattanooga, Tenn. (FP)—Aim-I Russian zone with the Communist ing at making all AFL workers (dominated Socialist Unity Party— eligible to vote in the March 11 (which identifies democracy with city primary, the Chattanooga Cen- Ithe political and economic system tral Labor Union is engaged in an I of the Soviet Union. intensive campaign to get members I “The struggle among these three to pay their 1946 poll taxes. (concepts—liberal capitalism, dem- Deadline for eligibility was Jan. locratic socialism, a:.c anti-dem 10. The CLU has printed and dis-locratic communism—is today the tributed 10,000 cards on which I basic conflict in Europe. In Ger members may write information I many it is sharpened by several for the county trustee to iksue poll (factors. All of German society has tax receipts. In addition to a gen- I been uprooted and must be reor eral CLU committee, each affili- Iganized on new lines. This is an ated AFL local has been asked to (immediate problem of the utmost form poll tax committees. A booth (urgency. But as yet the new par has been set up in the Labor Tem pie where union members can con veniently pay the $1 levy. a CdriiiftSnt On I The recent German elections Washington (FP)—AFL Presi-lwere primarily a contest between dent William Green lashed out at I Weste rn democracy on the one side the Ball bill to outlaw union shop I and “Eastern Democracy” on the contracts as 75 legislative repre-1 other, and resulted in an over sehtatives of‘AFL unions and four I whelming victory for the Western independent railroad brotherhoods I oriented parties, says the current met here to plan joint efforts to I issue of Facts About Occupied Ger fight antilabor -legislation in the I many, published by the American 80th Congress. I Association for a Democratic Ger- even more important, conflicting have had I ideologies. with em-1 “__ established All German parties profe collective I grammatic statements declare that basis and democracy is the only possible ‘21r proposals which would wreck fetish Labor, Party. The Christian labor-management relations per- Lnion stenefa some manontlv” I where between the Liberal and manenny. |cial Democrats. ... But despite is the story of a blighted Ahis romance. These Swiss sweethearts have come to the parting of the ways. He keeps on climbing UP. She keeps on coming DOWN. Only a while ago they started out together, hand-in-hand. This is also the story of your cost of living. It has been climb ing steadily. Department of Labor statistics show that it has gone up 31% since 1939. But wait a minute! National average figures show that the cost of electricity has actually been coming downward. Since 1939 through years of war and short ages, rising prices and higher taxes the cost of electricity has de creased 14%! Actually, the average American family is now getting t»ice as much electricity for its money as it did 20 years ago. Never has elec tricity done so much for so little. Your friends and neighbors in this company under sound busi ness management made thia possible. Your own increased use helped. Li,ten to the "NEW ELECTRIC HOUK* The HOUR OF CHARM. Sunde,,, 4:30 PM., EST, CBS. ______________________ Or n. OHIO POWERS World Events So- w Itheir difference of philosophy and ties, having little real power to shape the new society, tend to con centrate on their ideological con flicts. .2- -.• ^’“But, above all, the of several occupation powers, rep resenting different social and ideo logical systems, has made Ger many a battleground of their con flicting interests. Perhaps nowhere in Europe are the people today more acutely aware of these con flicts than in Berlin, where the representatives of the different systems meet and clash. But even d'iv.n to the smallest village, every German who takes any interest at all in public life knows that the problems of his community depend for their decision on the outcome of the competition among the three systems. Hence the recent eh etions were primarily a contest between West ern democracy on the one side and ‘Eastern democracy’ on the other. They re. ulted in an overwhelming victory for the Western-oriented parties, indisputable in Berlin and the Western zones, but ch arly dis cernible even in the Russian to Perksps the clearest lesSc^Yf the elecuons is that the German people, freed from one form of dictatorship, have no desire to ex cl a ige it for another. This atti tude is not with'-ut its imn’ications for the occupying powers since, particularly in the Berlin elections, the word ‘freedom’ acquired a dis tinct anti-Pussiar sound. Hence the elections w nil stun to indi cate that the Ru.-sians have little prospect of winning the whole of Gern iy politically, as they had once hoped We are equipped render complete Funer al and Ambiance Ser vice, Promptly. 145 W. Fifth St PHONE MB Ohio and IF. Fa. s* PAGE FIVE I Y !.