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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 23, 1947, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1947-01-23/ed-1/seq-6/

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Wage-Hour Administrator
Asks Congress For Power
To Avert Portal Pay Suits'
New York, N. Y.—Retroactive
pay suits similar to those current
ly filed by workers for portal-to
portal pay would be averted if
Congress follows the recommenda
tion made this week by L. Metcalfe
Walling, Administrator of the Fair
Labor Standards Act. In deliver
1 ing his annual report for the fiscal
year 1946, the Wage-Hour Admin
istrator repeated his 1944 and 1945
proposals for two measures, one
granting to him the power, sub
ject to court review, to issue
authoritative definitions of gen
eral terms used in the Act, a sec
ond setting up a reasonable sta
tute of limitations.'
The first would protect employ
ers who comply with his defini
tions from liability for the period
such ruling are in effect. The
proposed statute of limitations, ap
plying to employee suits for back
wages and damages, is urgently
needed, according to the Admin is
trator, because varying State
standards give competitive advan
tages to violators in States with
lowered statutes of limitations and
penalize many workers in the col
lection of wages due.
Commenting on portal-to-portal
problems at the same time he is
sued his annual report, Admin-
Every Effort Is
Used to Block
NLRB Hearing
Atlanta, Ga. (FP) The NLRB
has had to take the unprecedented
stqp of renting a CIO hall to hold
an unfair labor practices hearing
in Alexander City, Ala., NLRB
Regional Director Paul Styles re
vealed here. Normally the board
would not consider holding a hear
ing on property controlled by one
jof the disputing parties, he said,
but no other meeting rooms could
be obtained after the. agency
■moved for the fifth time since
Dec. 3.
The board hearings revolved
amund charges brought by the
Textile Workers Union against the
Russell Manufacturing Co. of
Alexander City. Three city police
officials have been named co-de
fendants, charged with interfer
ing with union activities.
Styles pointed out that he had
sought unsuccessfully to hold the
hearings in the city courtroom, the
Disabled Veterans Hall, a lodge
belonging to the University of Ala
bama, a night club, and the post
office building in Opelika, 50 miles
fCes/issrd Freis Paar Oat)
sist from misrepresenting their
clothing in advertising including
use of the words “slightly used”
or “in excellent condition,” when in
fact their customers are bamboozl
ed because their goods are in less
than perfect wearable condition
and the use in many cases was ex
Further spurring honesty, these
companies actually agreed not to
claim goods were made of silk
when in fact they had only a
slight connection with the lowly
silk worm. The agreement said the
firm would call rayon by its right
name—“in type equally conspici
ous” indicating its “predominance
by weight, beginning with the lar
gest single constituent.”
Even poultrymen get protection
from Uncle Sam’s FTC. The Nor
folk Hatchery of Norfolk, Neb.
agreed not to claim its baby chicks
were “U. S. Certified,” when in
fact they were not actually sired
by males officially banded by fed
eral authorities and registered as
such, which busts up another
Local Union 122
(Coe/iaurJ From Poft
and im-
every member the need
portance of attending local meet
ings. It is your duty to yourself
and the organization to put in your
appearance and take part in the
local’s functioning, it is not enough
that we have officers—they need
help. The more support they re
ceive in the way of information
and discussion, the better the
meetings.—O. C. 122.
Try making your own mustard—
a little dry mustard and a little
milk well spooned in a small cock*
tail glass or egg cup.
Flexible and
rigid arch
fords and
high shoes.
X-ray Fitting^
East Sixth Street
istrator Walling pointed to wide
spread misunderstanding as to the
decision of the Supreme Court in
the Mt. Clemens case and said:
“There seems to be a misconcep
tion that the Court held in the Mt.
Clemens Pottery case that all time
spent on the employer’s premises
was working time under the Fair
Labor Standards Act. Actually, the
Court, on the facts in this case,
merely decided that the minimum
necessary walking time to the
work place from the time clock,
including the time required for
necessary make-ready activities,
was working time, and sent back
to the District Court to determine
in detail whether, the amount of
time spent by the employees was
so trival as to be ignored under a
‘de minimum’ rule, and, if not, to
determine how much was due the
employees. As the Court put it, ‘No
claim is here made, though, as to
the time spent in waiting to punch
theftime clocks and we need not
explore that aspect of the situa
tion. But the time necessarily
spent by the employees in walking
to work on the employer’s prem
ises, following the punching of the
time clocks, was working time
within the scope of Sec. 7 (a).’”
Mr. Walling added that the
Wage and Hour and Public Con
tracts Divisions cannot issue a
definite guide to employers on
their method of computing working
time until the courts have clarified
what aspects of travel time are
compensable and have* determined
the amount of time which is so
trivial that it can be ignored under
the de minimis rule laid down by
the Supreme court.
The Administrator indicated that
the question of “make-ready” ac
tivities is in a different category.
The Divisions have always held
that preparatory work required by
the employer or by the nature of
the work was working time under
the Act, and should be counted as
such. This view was sustained by
the Supreme Court. The vast ma
jority of employers have followed
this interpretation and only in
relatively few cases are there prob
lems of retroactive pay on
Unionists Fight
Sabotage Charge
Philadelphia (FP) Arrested
during, the hysteria drummed up
against two railroad brotherhoods
when they struck last May, two
union brakemen went on trial here
Jan. 8.
The brakemen, John A. Marko,
47, and Ralph C. Groom, 37, denied
charges that they had ^attempted
to sabotage a train near the Broad
St. Station of the Pennsylvania
On the stand before Federal
Judge James P. McGranery they
gave a detailed account of their
activities during the day of their
arerst. They told of their coming
to work on May 23, quitting when
the strike was called, visiting
strike headquarters, having a
couple of beers and going to the
Their story refuted the testi
mony of two railroad detectives
who said the two strikers had been*
sighted near the scene where iron
tie-plates had been found in track
switches. The railroad dicks, sup
ported on the stand by the circum
stantial theorizing of a lineup of
FBI agents and city detectives
said they had pursued Marko and
Groom to 29th and Cuthbert Sts.
in making the arrest.
The location is in the vicinity of
both the movie and the strike
headquarters mentioned in the de
fendant’s testimony.
Two private detectives, called as
witnesses by the defense, said they
had gone over the route of the
pursuit and found it would have
been impossible for the railroad
detectives to keep the two strikers
in sight during the chase. The rail
road operatives had earlier said
under oath that once sighted, the
arrested men had never been out of
Let the name of a great man be
mentioned, and the first thing that
pops into the noodle of everybody
is the one, if any, discreditable
incident of his career.
Year End Finds
Work Stoppages
At Low For 1946
Washington, D. C. In con
trast to the situation which pre
vailed a year ago, the close of 1946
found only about 160 work stop
pages, practically all’ of which
were local in character and small
in size, involving only a total of
approximately 47,000 workers. In
issuing a year-end report on
labor management controversies,
Secretary of Labor L. B. Schwel
lenbach pointed out that work
stoppages at year’s end were at
the lowest point since V-J Day.
Not only was the number of
strikes less than at any previous
postwar period, but workers in
volved and idleness were also well
below the early months of 1946
when reconversion problems re
sulted in widespread labor-indus
try controversies.
The number of new strikes de
clined from 450 in October to 310
in November and when the final
figures for December are in the
number is expected to be less than
half the‘ October count. Decem
ber will probably reflect the low
est strike activity for the entire
year, according to the Bureau of
Labor Statictis.
Aat the end of the year Concili
ators v/ere mediating 111 stop
pages involving only 35,000 work
ers whereas a year ago they were
involved in 145 strikes covering
307,000 employees.
Harriman’s Views
On Monopoly
Are Challenged
Washington (FP) An inquiry
to determine whether Commerce
Secretary W. Avereli Harriman is
working monopoly’s side of the
street in the government’s anti
trust suit against western and
southern railroads was demanded
by President James G. Patton of
the National Farmers Union.
Patton charged that Harriman
was a member of at least two di
rector’s committees which are de
fendants in the federal suit filed in
Nebraska charging that western
railroads have violated the anti
trust laws in fixing rates and
standard of service.
The suits by the federal govern
ment and the state of Georgia are
now pending in the U. S. supreme
court, based on allegation that
eastern financial interests are con
trolling rates of western and
sourthem roads to the detriment
of the south and west.
The NFU leader quoted a state
ment of Harriman’s concerning the
work of the the eastern railroad
interests defending their control
and stating that “if this is a con
spiracy, then the railroads of the
country need bigger and better
Patton asked that when the Sen
ate interstate and foreign com
merce committee investigates Har
riman’s qualifications for confir
mation as secretary of commerce,
it look “into Mr. Harriman’s pres
ent views on monopoly practices.”
He protested confirmation if it
is ghown that Harriman has “ac
quired governmental influence and
authority affecting the future of
the'west parallel to the private fi
nancial influence and authority he
previously wielded as a railroad
(Coatinved From Pa ft Ont)
cation, legal assistance, hiring
halls for migratory workers- and
increased per capita payments.
Speakers addressing the conven
tion included Senator
Aiken, AFL Organization
Frank Fenton, President
Valente of the United
Workers and Vice President
Charles Zimmerman of the Inter
national Ladies Garment Workers.
First Anti-Labor Bill
Washington (FP) The doubt
ful honor of having introduced the
first anti-labor bill in the House
for thb 80th Congress went to Rep
resentative John Rankin .with his
measure to permit war veterans to
work in closed shops plants with
out joining a union.
Rankin’s meausre is HR 5, and
went to the committee on veterans
Money Loaned
5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
little more
tolerance is
is the goal.
Again we approach American
Brotherhood Week. The Week this
year is to be the week of Feb. 16.
It is sponsored by the National
Conference of Christians and Jews.
Participating in the National Con
ference are Catholics, Protestants
and Jews. y
ft seems strange that in a larTd
dedicated to freedom, wherein it
is dearly stated that “all men are
created equal,” it should Je neces
sary to set aside a single week in
the year in which to give emphasis
to the doctrine of common decency,
man toward man.
The best that can be hoped for
is that after each of these annual
Weeks there will be a little more
understanding, a little more of
human decency and, if you will a
tolerance. However,
not the goal. Justice
may be said in the
Constitution, or in Federal, State
or local law, we know that there is
all too little brotherhood abroad
in our land.
Prejudice stalks abroad in the
land. Too many Protestants don’t
act fairly or decently toward too
many Jews and they have their
suspicions of too many Catholics.
The Negro gets it in the neck
quite naturally.
And even among Jews there are
fairly hard and fast lines between
“the better Jews” and the “lower
type Jews.” That hold true, too,
among Negroes.
There is nobody who can come
along with a great brushful of
white paint an,d wipe out the ugly
stains in our social, political and
economic structure all at once. But
there can be progress through the
slow and often painful business of
Workers Still
Voting Union
Washington (FP) Official re
turns for all NLRB elections con
ducted during the month of No
vember showed 69 per cent of all
votes cast in all elections were in
favor of collective bargaining by
some labor organization
CIO or unaffiliated.
Vice President W. E. DUNLAP, JB» Attorney
LEAVE CQl RT—Walking out of the U. S.
supreme court after appealing contempt convictions of Persident John
L. I-ewis and his United Mine Workers are the union’s lawyers, (left
to right), HarrisoiT Combs, Henry Kaiser, M. E. Boiarshky and Welly
K. Hopkins, chief counsel. The union maintained the government was
bound by the Norris-LaGuardia ami-injunction act. (Federated Pic
tures) __________ I
in which
AFL unions won 211
or 64 per cent of those
they took part. CIO unions won
164, or 61 per cent of their con
tests. Unaffiliated unions come out
on top in 26 elections, a 51 per
cent successful record.
In 83 per cent of all elections
held, but one union appeared on
the ballot. Total votes cast during
the month were: AFL—14,600
CIO—21,000 unaffiliated unions—
8,000 and “no union”—19.000.
10% Were
9% Were
50% Were
81% Were
JI r"r.
-education.--That is evidently the
rpbse of Brotherhood Week.
One tiling that can Be done and
at ought to be done by every
rson is a little job of self-ana
lysis. Every person can ask him
self how much of prejudice there
in him and why it is there. He
can try to find out what actual
justification there is in fact and
^ow much of it is tradition, family
Ind community teaching and just
£lain hokum. This he can do.
Brotherhood, in the sense of
Brotherhood Week, doesn’t mean
complete and immediate coming
pf social “equality”, which does not
actually exist in any case. There is
no such thing anywhere today,
among persons who, supposedly,
tfre social equals.
The basic reason for this is that
qvery person is free to select those
tn whom he wishes to extend
friendship socially and from whom
he cares to accept it.
Joe Doakes doesn’t mingle so
cially with John Doe because may
be, Mrs. Doe said that Mrs. Doakes
had a dirty kitchen. Social equality
is a myth in the first place and,
In the second place it has nothing
to do with what is meant by the
term brotherhood, or by the dec
laration that “all men are created
What1 Brotherhood is trying val
toitly to Icjll is that racial super
ferity -dogma that was the back
bone of Hitler’s rise and the key-
Rbnnot Americans see to what
deadly destinations racial super
iouity dogma drives them?
It is astounding that we harbor
among us so much of the very
thing we condemn so vigriously
and fought so costly a war to end!
But we have it. There are. little
Hitlers all over the place.
President Truman said: “Broth
erhood—believe it, live it, support
That is right. Believe it and live
it dynamically, so that the force
of the drive of enlightenment may
drive out the devil of hate, per
secution and oppression forever in
this nation. Let us live as if we
fully accepted the declaration that
“all men (actually) are created
Athens, Ga- (FP)—Appointment
of Abit Nix to teach labor law at
the University of Georgia brought
a formal complaint from Kenneth
Deuty, state director of the Textile
Workers Union. Nix is secretary
of the corporation which operates
the Athens Manufacturing Co.,
where a TWUA strike is now in
its 17th month.___________
DftWSOn Funeral fane
"SO MUCH.. /for so
215 West Fifth Street Phone Main 10
A*.’j S*'1
l' 1
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu- v
tive funerals conducted by the-.
DAWSON Funeral, Hoipe. R, .Rf•
... Under $150
... Under $300
... Under $500
......Over $500 v
Senator Joseph
Ball Has Union
Busting Trilogy y
Washington (FP) Senator
Joseph Ball completed his union
busting trilogy with the introduc
tion of S.133 to force labor unions
to negotiate with employers on a
strickly local basis.
Under the Ball proposal collec
tive bargaining would be restricted
to the local “labor market area”
and international unions would be
forbidden to set up minimum wage
or working standards for local
union contracts.
Ball would also bar employers
from delegating authority to nego
tiate with their workers to other
employers or employers’ associa
Earlier bills by Ball would out
law collective* bargaining agree
ments containing the closed shop
or union shop clause (S.105) and
attempt passage of a revised Case
bill (S.55).
The latest Ball effort would
make it an unlawful labor practice
under the Wagner act for a union
“to act as representative .^ of
any employes of an employer, if
such labor organization also.-acts
as the representative for the pur
poses collective bargaining' of
employes of any ot^er employer en
gaged in the same, industry or ac
tivity, unless the principal places
of employment of the employes of
such employer are .located in the
same labor market area.”
Labor market area is defined in
the bill as “a single metropolitan
or other geographical area within
which employees reside,” and that
it shall not “include any places
separated by a distance 6f more
than 100 miles.”
National' and international
unions would be forbidden from us
ing “express or implied threat of
force” to “coerce or compel or
attempt to compel a constituent
unit of the labor organization to
include or seek to include in any
collective bargaining agreement
any particular terms or provi
sions relating to wages, hours or
other conditions or to enter into
any contract with a constituent
unit by agreeing to include in a
contract any particular terms.”
Public Investment
(Ctntiautd From Poft Oat)
a large extent on the methods'by
which it is financed, and explained
the implications' of a policy of
deficit financing in appropriate
cases. However, it added, the fi
nancial barriers to the execution
bf a policy of timing public invest
ment are much easier to overcome
than the technical barriers.
The study found that the post
war planning of governments
shows “enormous improvement”
over the principles and practices of
the interwar period, and pointed
out that many governments have
endorsed the policy of using public
funds to offset a lack of private
It includes a survey of plans so
far made in many countries to set
up the necessary planning mach
inery and to establish a “shelf” of
projects which, can be accelerated
if necessary.
•, '-n
Demand the Union Label.
They romanced thoir
way from Manhattan
4o Mexico, stalked by
a killer—chaperoned
x» Q'-.J-
AFL Asks Billion-Dollar
Fund To Aid Education
Washington, D. C. A strong
plea for a billion-dollar education
al appropriation was sounded by
the American Federation fo Labor
as the 80th session of Congress
opened its deliberations, and the
appeal was accompanied by a call
by the AFL’s National Committee
on Education upon the States for
legislation assuring every teacher
of a’ minimum starting salary of
$2,500 a year.
As this action was being taken
announcement was made in Al
bany, N. Y., that a bill granting
substantial cost-of-living increases
to all of the State’s 72,000 public
school teachers was being prepared
for early introduction in the new
legislature, and the Gov. Thomas
E. Dewey and legislative leaders
are in virtual accord on the form
the measure should take. In gen
eral, it would provide for a salary
jump of $300 annually, effective
Matthew Woll, Vice President of
the AFL, announcing the program
drafted by the Federation’s Com
mittee on Education, of which he
is chairman, emphasized that the
billion-dollar plan is virtually
necessary to assure children of a
chance to obtain “a sound Ameri
can education.” He added:
“With thousands of classes to
day deprived of teachers, and an
even greater shortage threatening,
every State should immediately en
act legislation which would assure
every teacher a minimum entrance
salary of $2,500 and assure them
an opportunity to earn a maximum
salary comparable to that .earned
in other professions.
“We realize full well that' in
Pay Hike Halts
Newspaper Strike
Rochester, N. Y. (ILNS)—Local
15, International Typographical
Union, has voted approval by 141
to 51 of the terms of a new con
tract offered by the management
of the Gannett newspapers to end
the newspaper strike here, which
had goqe into its ninth week.
The settlement gives the printers
an increase of $16 weekly, bring
ing their scale to $74 for day work
and $79 for night work. It also pro
vides retroactive pay of $200 for
day workers and $214 for night
men. The scale will go into effect
when the men return to work and
the new contract will continue for
one year from that date, said Ber
tram W. Kelly, president of the
You Can See the Cream
Milk Bottles
Used Exclusively By
Golden Star
’■P Dairy
Phone 3200
*U» k. fTHfl HILL oM I
Hoy by fTHfl HIU oM
Mroctodlw FroAworfby
Continuous Shows Saturday and Sunday
Thursday, January 23,-1947
some States the State fund
be supplemented by Federal funds
to make it possible to keep Amend
can schools functioning at the
proper level.
“The American Federation of
Labor is backing a billion-dollar
program of Federal aid for edu
option to assure every American
child a chance to get a sound
American education, and our State
Federations of Labor are asking
the State Legislatures to make im
mediate adequate appropriations
for the schools.”
In addition, Mr. Woll declared
“the Federation is urging State
bodies to seek legislation which
will provide an adequate number
of teachers to reduce overcrowded
classes to provide adequate retire
ment systems for teachers and
sound tenure systems which will
“provide job security during effi
ciency and assure protection fain
political exploitation.” .]
Department Store
Walkout Averted
San Francisco (FP) -‘—••A sanc
tioned strike against 37 depart-,
ment stores here "was narrowly
averted when 300 members of the
Department Store Clerks Union
accepted a compromise agreement
giving them a 40-hour 5-day week,
effective May 1, and a $6 weeklv-"'
raise with a $40 minimum. V-
Present wages range from $341
to $45. i-'- v
Still continuing is a strike by
the Pharmacists & Drug Clerks
Union against Owl-Sontag-Rexall
chain stores, with no negotiations
scheduled. The strike has spread
to two independent pharmacies but
with these exceptions nearly all
drugstores in the city have signed
with the union.
Roland Davis, union attorney,
said: “We’ve already signed what
is substantially an industrywide
contract and most of our people
are already back at work on the
40-hour week provided in the new
It’s so easy ro be thrifty
by saving a few cents each
Then watch the saver
stacked up into dollars
when you receive your
Christinas Club check!
4-i St./.-
First National
Liverpool's Oldest Bank
Member F. D. C.
Phone 914
In M»G-M’s romantic
thriller off heart-boats
V’J and gun-play I,
Color Cartoon

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