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^•4. y. ’’■'J' ,ft. OFFICIAL ORGAN NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS ftt :M VOL. XL, NO. 42, X' Green told a news conference .that using the entire resources of the AFL might include mass ral k lies or demonstrations on a grand scale. A Treasurer George Meany and President William Hutcheson (Turn to Page Surf Mining Engineers Look At Union Wages And Weep New York (FP) Mining en gineers are plenty dissatisfied with their own wage standards—parti cularly when they see the wage in creases being won by members of the United Mine Workers—and the only answer of the engineers have ]been able to find it to join a union. This is revealed in a survey in the anti-labor Engineering & Min ing Journal. “Young men in the industry employed in technical and supervisory work are having a hard time maintaining their self respect in the face of the relatively greater consideration and better pay which the industry accords to labor,” the magazine wails. The survey shows that 89 per cent of the engineers feel their pay is too low. Although a majority opposed unions, they had no other solution. The 25 per cent who favored unions did so “because their experiences make them des pair of obtaining adequate recog nition of their abilities” in any other manner, the article says. Principle reason the engineers object to unions, according to the magazine, is that'unions “seek to discourage excellence and gear the organizations to the abilities of the less proficient or ambitious.” Nevertheless, the engineers pro tested by a substantial majority against the present system of pro motions and “interest in progress” in the industry. Washington (FP) Labor and the common people who rent their homes got in some licks before the Senate banking subcommittee con sidering federal rent control legis lation. Washington Representative John Edelman of the Textile Work- ers Union of America inserted in the record a series of reports sent him from union officials in typical textile mill towns all urging hold ing the line on rents. He told the committee that tex tile workers traditionally have been poorly housed and that in many cases companies made more than the cost of construction by renting wooden company shacks and then pressured the workers into buying them at steep prices. A rent boost now, Edelman said, would mean more workers would leave the mills to seek other jobs i and other homes. As to the much-publicized small ■‘"ft A »O" *A AFL’s Resources TofcT^” Fight Off All Anti Labor Legislation 4 Miami (FP)—The"AFL will summon all its strength,In-1Lx’al anti-labor legislation, its executive council resolved here -Feb. sX*" Miami (FP) The AFL will summon all its strength, In- eluding possible mass demonstrations by workers, to fight off |®vepin8 was very Winding up its shortest midwinter session in years, the council appointed AFL President William Green, Secretary-1 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters a committee of three Igards to with full authority to lead the fight. The council summed up its attitude toward some 45 labor restrictive bills pending in Con-r-------------------------------------------- grf*ss in a brief, hardhitting reso lution which said: “The AFL has opposed and will continue to oppose all legislation, either federal or state, that dis turbs, menaces or destroys its free status that limits free collective bargaining that erects legal bar riers to stop the economic and so cial progress of all workers gain fully employed that makes the legislative representatives of the people a police patrol for employ ing and financial interests. “The executive officers of the AFL are instructed to decry, op pose and fight such projected leg islation in the name of all the members of the AFL they are authorized to use all the facilities and resources of the AFL and to enlist the cooperation of all the affiliated unions and their mem bership in such effort. The presi dent, first vice president and the secretary-treasurer are constituted .4 a committee to supervise such se ction and make all necessary deci sions related thereto.*! rlGaa '•’7.i 1, 1 X' I jL'.a/*‘‘- Bf Qty£ ’*& V Union Dues Action Taken At/14 ISpecial Meeting Despite the cold spell which gripped the East Liverpool dis I trict over the week end, the atten- I dance at the special meeting of Union No- I Huff- 1- I BUTTaiO rOTTOry*?, UnffAFflAlflfl Mani/ unaergoing Many Changes, Says OC Buffalo, N. Y. Everything Sh newsLarerliow Xut that Plant No. 6 of She suffered a stroke from which II .he never recovered. Julia worked in the decal shop for 22 years and I many^riend. through™? the plant Our deepest sympathy is also 12 on Saturday ment of the membership in re- I I raising the monthly dues from 50 to 65 cents, found the (majority in favor of the proposed In di8cussin£the matter from all (angles many took the floor to ex-( .‘hen•»st°ft°gni™ raise is warranted at this time. seems to be rolling along fine at The committee on By-Laws was coat of paint is being applied to lour next meeting. It will take three I the walls and ceiling. The Miller (readings before it goes into ef- cake with all the trimmings, plus (poration. Every member is urgent- W»FoSft^to?eon- '"b-Adam. STANDING re X?jg o. C. 76. RATE OF PAY Finishers Name IVlaTTie MCwlll VT I I IE I L» U» Of I I We had the usual report from I shop committees and find every-1 Labor Ana Tenants Oppose Any Rent increase Law, Senate Group Told thing under control, at least for p1"®1’®® by £??a‘ 1^—Hall (Turn to Page Two) nrovisions of the I raw* ra I agreement, page para- aittw-w- COMMITTEE SETTLEMENTS I’ I extended Manne Rittner of the I The Generalware Standing Com- office force in the recent loss of |mittee meeting in recent session] creases. This does not deny the term. The results are as follows: around the sliphouse at regu- President, Mattie McGill vice lar laborers’rate. agreement, page 76, para- graph 19 Of the 1942 agree- 1 I ment, jiggermen are required to pay for sponges. No excep tion is made for apprentice I landlord hardship, Edelman said |. jiggermen. I local TWUA officials in 10 states had successfully handled rent in creases for more than 200 union members who were renting out |Tf«/waifAC part of their homes to other work-11 ers. “These small landlords in our I A. I union had no trouble getting what |.. T^v__nnni I u i I the hast Liverpool Trades and I 1^ btl Labor Council, Floyd Jividen, kiln “If they had, they would have been fi jJ Lai h|i„ on my neck to adjust their cases |chjna Company, was an area not under rtot Con- trough trol, Rock Hill, S. C., Edelman said I1**' I one union family had its rent Others elected to office include I boosted from $30 to $60 monthly I Harley Anthony, vice president I because of the installation of a (Frank Walcott, secretary-treasur septic tank, “an ordinary neces- |ep John Hart, inspector James I sity of sanitation.” More of that |Moss, sergeant-at-arms William I sort of thing would happen, he Frank Dales and Wil- I said, with rent controls killed. lliam Martin, trustees. Rock Hill should have been put Chairmen for the various com under rent control, he added, but (mittees will be selected at the next I OPA could not get the funds need- (meeting of the group, and plans ed to survey the area to see offi- (formulated for active participation I *i(Turn t» Page Fwe)^^* (Tun to Page Two) •■'.*?‘f? A’\/^ ^■df^hp ‘V *3.’ S- ft 1 1 tive imports. gratifying, in when Guy Digman called the meet- ■wntJri Ivllv iiiormon “no iTioaTw Im The °se.\sion which was called primarily to ascertain the senti- court of appeal. now. torth^frent^enewlofX’S- ”1'the j™11-The btter ha' a8C'pt’ ofu* ^.opp?s€ t?*Jn‘ryiof "t0 '■’•1, BnefK. und*!- «rtl, embodying the protests of Bun- effects of the tariff rate reductions already made. fM!en on cl°sed ears. Oscar? TV I (Tun Pa^e Two) our costs of production. (factoring plants of the Ohio We are sorry to report the death The world has been at War for the past eight years. (Valley. of an old employee, Julia Delaney. ll Entered by Local Union 146- DICATIVE OF WHAT WOULD HAVE BEEN THESE 4ad‘n aV°‘t‘7f° EFFS^ ”,°" “m^tilveim,’wr‘s-. u ii ... .. I comm,ttee ,ruled men I The United States Tariff Commission has also ad- loading materials in the shp- h°use shall be paid $1,035 per. I tary, Kathryn Daily assistant sec-1Enter®^ by Local Union 146 amount ofmediumpnced CHINA MADE IN THE |shot apprfnttcf jigtfrman bijyin? his own uponffs Ji JlViaOn rfOaaS retary, Ann Quinn guard, Eliza-1 Paden City Pottery Co. I ^UNITED STATES IN 1937-1939 was $4.50 per dozen (activities on the program. Round beth Howell. The committee ruled Mr. I pieces. THE LANDED, DUTY PAID A VER AGE UNIT and square dancing was the chief The attendance was the largest Lehew is not entitled to 1946 (h »VALUE OF WARE OF SIMILAR GRADE IMPORTED (diversion of the evening with that the local has witnessed for vacation pay, because he was FROM JAPAN WAS 40 PER CENT OF THAT FIGURE (music being furnished by a top months, the election and trade] separated from his employ- ($4.50) AND THAT FROM GERMAN Y AND CZ ECHO- (notch orchestra that enabled the problems being the chief matters] ment at Paden City Pottery I. SLQVAKIA WAS ABOUT 60 PER CENT OF IT.” ($4.50) young as well as the old to dem of interest that drew the members Company Dec. 28, 1945. I,' ... _. .. |onstrate their version of ‘rug-cut out. I Trades ^and .t” ft-V" ‘A .*£' ■i :., sh 3- 1 AN EDITORIAL EMERGENCY ACTION IS NEEDED—NOW! There is evidence, we believe, which leads us to the conclusion that these protests and these appeals have petitive goods attotal delivered costs which are less than leTeto in During at least five of those years there has been little, I Both II if any, commercial trading in the accepted meaning of Icees that word. II The United States Tariff Commission, in an official I Geo. ^Ftati°?l V?10''**1’ “^.e II conditions throughout the world were SO-disturbed 1939, as the result of preparations for and actual out- I records break of War, that the STATISTICS OF UNITED |and her father. |ma(ie the following settlements on STATES IMPORTS for that year CANNOT BE TAKEN «/re being handled in an ef- ljohn Schutz, inspector Marcella Happy birthday greetings to |case8 presented before that group AS INDICATING WHAT WOULD HAVE BEEN THE |flcient manner.—O c* iReine, inside guard Leo Schnautz, Kate Putman, Joe Majewski, Eddie |for adjustment: I EFFECTS OF THESE (tariff) DUTY REDUCTIONS jlstatistician Norman Clewlow, Lenkowski and Gordon Wilcox.- SLIPHOUSE EMPLOYEES’ 5 UNDER PEACETIME CONDITIONS the IMPORT 1 DATA FOR THE WAR YEARS ARE STILL LESS IN- I I are fragmentary, and, on the whole, quite unsatisfac- I}?8* Thursday Local Union No. 53 met in regu-1 firm the right to use laborers tawy. Few studies have been made that furnish an ade- Lar surpassej the expectations of lar session Thursday evening and to bring materials up in the quate comparison Of workers earnings and productivity |tbe committee, general elected officers for the ensuing bin or do general cleaning up in manufacturing industries between different COUn- (George tries.” e8‘d®nt’ College financial VACATION PAY OF dally ad vised the Congress that: “THE APPROXIMATE lhandle approximately 300 people, Marthl^New Ind^SrdinTsecre’ J0HN LEHEW AVERAGE UNIT VALUE, at the factories, of the small 5® £7^ f?Lover’ Y6coroin^ sgcfq I __ I a* -,i«. ^^-‘‘'***"*7^ I nreds of thousands ®f American citizens, industrial a ». workers, miners, fh&ermen, farmers, employers and others were filed last December with the State Depart- ments Committee for Reciproeity Information protest- ing against further redactions in tariff rotes op compel- tew In addition, hundreds of representatives of these conditions he American citizens, in January, personally appeared be- f?und should be agreed to ujtu a study had been made of the |car8 are |increase. The Congress of the United States is now the last (mi-. Meigh says he found the Brit- (withdraw these actions. official evidence, presented to the Congress by (scars L^hut^he^nn^nT^/^in^n I Government Agencies, warrants the Congress acting (homes of the prefabricated type were to function a* progreMive tions of trying to art after solemn and binding obliga- JXriXn AriaUon Tnot it win be too i»u t»act or to g« through the mo- kom« y ev'ry\h"''.alao unit in the Brotherhood chain, a tions have been .entered into with foragn governments neglected, wme of the lat«t ty4 I wherein the United States has agreed, for a period of some three years and sil months, to permit of the dump- (moment in the Buffalo Pottery with the shop (instructed to bring in a resolution I jng jnto American nttttfcets of competitive imports at to- According to Mr. Meigh, unem- 6 beginning to take on the appear- recommending the change, the tol delivered costs, tariff duties paid, which are less than ployment is not visable but wages ance of an up-to-date plant. A new (same to be up for first at American costs of production of comparable or competi- |and machines are to be moved down- |fect. I America’s industrial workers, especially those work- land getting back to a normal way |th£ week‘ ... stairs, relieving a cramped condi-1 The Local is now affiliated with ers, such as the Pottery workers, who are dependent for |of life. tion in the clajrshop and changes (the West Virginia State Federa-I their livelihood on the production of goods which com- |at the plant affec^ed,t?° much by the are being made on the vibrator for tion of Labor. We feel this is a pete in American markets with competitive products of Last week, a resolution drawn Phorta£e as the “Jj18 the bisque kiln. There are other step in the right direction as many workers of Other countries, realize that unless tariff |up and passed by the Wheeling X! changes but these are some of the |of our members work plants lo-1 duties are levied on competitive imports which equalizes |City Council, opposing any change most .mportant the differences in labor coats of production the“are de- TteXtion The bisque ware girls held al 7, Parvy nas oeen arranged lor 1 nriv*d nt their wnrlr annnrtiinitiMs Isent to members of the Congres surprise party for Mary Sheehan (Frutay evening, Feb. 14 at the u (sional Tariff committee in Wash- Lmninwra k^ino- in a nff tn on her 60th birthday. There was a (recreation room at the Webb Cor- Ameria 8 llldusfrial workers realize the value of |ington, also and seek FULL EMPLOYMENT. the usual gifts that tend to make|’y requested at this party and a yye |(now that we cannot have FULL EMPLOY- (state. The city fathers feel any •n^Stanf rd^rt6 sho^an a happy birthday. E^est Townee is up and MENT if CO«P«titive imports can be delivered into our ^****Jf! wi” in- Oth^ plan^°emXring gas only^ We are all pleased with the re- around agata foilowina “recent I ?wn ",Brk«ts .total *ts, tariff duties paid, which are aulta of the recent wage conference opCTati()ngin tfh" city Hospital. than the labor CM& of production of our products. C'wheSing’, Jan* Ctamber of “cept few for the uplreep dur~ e“ e„dee? the' °X“ero ““tto 7™'” ‘S his We NOT EXCLUSION ISTS, but we insist that oT^^'c^L^-is Executive Board and the confer-?8 .yet* ?ut conflded present tariff rates are inadequate. Our contentions are |two later. The action was ordered I 7116 y ence committee for a job well done |fn®nds he 18 anxious t® back sustained by the offietji reports of the Tariff Commis- I by an unanimous vote b- toJ ma^ta y A I reinstated and Ben Barker placed *W «O *ot opp«DC the entry into America’s markets I necesgitv fZ a hieh Drotective tZ w w I vised the Congress “that comparative data on wages and I The annual dine and dance I productivity for the United States and foreign countries The United States Tariff Commission has also offi- With arrangements /^tuxt a m# a .. United States and 28 cents in the United Kingdonie I trough which tariff rate reductions are agreed to, in rxTi I “According to official figures the average hourly Jting, earnings of pottery workers in 1945 was 90 cents in the United States and 28 cents in the United Kingdom.” Japan’sschief competitive advantage lay in her low wage rates. In 1939 the average direct daily wage for a 10-hour day was 50 cents, to which should be added perhaps 10 cents for social benefits.” I earnings of pottery workers in 1945 was 90 cents in the I view of these official admissions, cannot supply the data -which will justify any further tariff rate reductions at this time. The International “do-gooders” of our State Depart ment, temporarily in control of our economic affairs, blandly ignore these findings of the Tariff Commission, and, the protests filed and the appeals made, and, con tinue their preparations for a meeting in Geneva, Swit zerland, in April, with representatives of 18 other na tions. There is only one purpose in this meeting. There is no concealment of the intent. It has been well advertised that the purpose of this meeting is to agree to a reduc tion in tariff rates, irrespective of the merits thereof. There has been nothing said that tariff rates will be maintained or built on the basis that such tariff rates, I levied on competitive imports, shall be such as will equal ize the difference in the labor costs of production of the different countries. 1 Almost every other country protects its competitive n- (Continued on Page Two) tiat I Japan chief competitive advantage lay in her low (wishes of I wage rates. In 1939 the average direct daily wage for a _w"Labout I It stands to reason that the Tariff Commission, the i Agency of Government which supposedly supplies the State Department and those entrusted with the negotia tion of trade treaty agreements with outher countries, Hattie aJ^uL5?.?!F??’.!?.y5ieh 8h0uW **added fc’e^n Ch“ter did I wItnSl A,. -ft" jlfcHUtt City Fathers |GiV6 Aid III Tariff Fight .. Jaycees Follow (all sections of England and many ^J |w w Along bame Line |imu IT Wheeling W Va Returning America from EnglaJutfter I i |bert Meigh relates some of the month*’vacation, Brother Al-1 and Mrs. Meigh fnr« this earn* CrtMiittrr and under noth —I states shortages of the necessities I tnct court which it originated, the portal-to-portal pay of are not so noticable as in problem will find its final solution in the U. S. supreme court, substantial reasons "'by no forth er tariffrate reductions |thig country. New left hand drive to be found operating in them were made in the u. s. |(Some of we Americans have been |unjons IZmplTour own domestic nwrket)° |i«h’ Isles rapidly removing all I of the past war, with new (aircraft is being developed at the our cousin nation. n among the manti- thst out not to tho tpnt that it hindered any of the Les Kirchler and Carl Hannen (ably took care of satisfying the I ft ft' .... -... .. City council and the Jay-1 Evansville, Ind. Local Union are to be commended for their INo 5 elected officers at their Friedrich, the committed aT I AJ I ff IraiTy VT L. U. A Real Success |Eagles Ballroom in East Liverpool, Heckathom, (this week. I the inner-man. When it (comes to frying fish, these two job and received many compli-1 (ments for their service. I Among those joining in the evening’s fun and announcing the |AS Delivery Men Strike ftftr 10IM7.j l«ur S* A' mA l’8 native country. He aabver^ iFrAnch-SflYOfl to the members of n P. w *a 'MEMBER v INTERNATIONAL LABOR NEWS SERVICE "’M EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1947 Final Vorrlict An irlHCll vVvlll|vl Ull Pnrfal Pav lln I VI IpCH I ttw '-W ’ftTnVI Mootino IflWTing At Evansville I" with «•*. nreridert Sctaaute^vire ,bp -Ioc.al audite^ tha president! Theresa Montgomery, (financial books. As in the past,, our |recording secretary Arthur Huf- Dflie AflO DORCe are in the best of condition lfjne financial secretary-treasurer feel the affairs of Local |Ra.Iph Schnautz, defense secretary I1**1"* Pate and Charles Burch’ Our sincere sympathy is extend- v.i snX p^°.w.y U Lently. a brother of Sister Cnro- party (line Johanas, he retired from the |of Local Union 24, Wellsville, held (crown Poteery several years ago evening at the (because of ill health. A special meeting was held on .February 4 when vice presidents, chairman, |Qeorge Turner and James Slaven announced |were visitors in Evansville. A fine lattendance was on hand to hear made to la detailed report of the recent wage conference in Washington as well as further enlightment on trade problems here in Evans ville. We greatly appreciate their visit and hope they can find time to drop in on us in the near future. A surprise wedding shower was held recently for Sister Betty Cook. The honored guest received many fine presents from her shop mates. Sisters Mary Zeigler and Bar bara Cabbage are each sporting an engagement ring. Neither sister (Turn to Page Two) I I (party a real success was Ray|. Washington (FP) American (Dickey, clayshop foreman at the|lndustry cou,d *rant th® Sterling China Co. Ray is a form- annual wa*e lts workers by I er member of the national picnic (increasing prices from a half of ■committee of the Brotherhood and P®r c®n^ per cent and save lone well qualified to voice an opin- I th® nation a loss from unemploy lion on a successful event.—O. C. Iment that ran to 300 billion dollars ■24. (between 1929 and 1941. I .. Such was the conclusion of a re- Kansas City Newsless I wa cix JiJ a I IIP ^11 III Hill A I ■III I II I IIV VUUI vlllv VVUI Washington (FP)—Despite an adverse rulimr in the dis- That opinion came from union attorneys Feb. 10 who (pointed out that any number of district judges or even appeals (court decisions might be made without giving finality to the |js8Ue involved. They said there was no indication that the C/»r Cirin/i UHnc (congress from this district and knna «»5raa nnaratMl riling I\lin3 salaries are much lower than (decorating kilns at the French (over here. In general, the English (2 ^. at the .. (people seem to be in high spirits ?ina ComPany was tned Brother Meigh is a caster I ^,me French-Saxon concerned in the walking time, or get-ready-for-work 18uits now totalin^ almost 5 billions dollars were inclined to Official comment on the decision of District Judge Frank Co. °f- S .* oo*on 2*., JSJpWffcheS To Oil ,n al* otheJ at Green.’. on" |was also forced to lay off all help, of the or-1 ar* t9 PaP ^2 ia“re pre hi«hAHmd l«lOVeirT«H»r urmr 4 $2.00 PER YEAR t‘ ►A. Picard in Detroit was reserved in both CIO and AFL quarters. In the face of the Picard deci sion, however, congressional lead ers vowed to proceed promptly with legislation to “clarify the law,” outlaw such suits and pro vide more exact definitions in the wage-hour statute. Picard made a sharp distinction between manufacturing and min ing workers in defining eligibility for portal-to-portal pay and con tended that even if the U. S. su preme court overrules him, awards for back pay could not be made beyond June 10, 1946, the date the highest court upheld the original claims in the Mt. Clemens Pottery Co. case which dismissed. Picard has now This opinion by the district judge, of course, is subject to re view by the supreme court along with his request for further light on what is meant by walking time” which he termed “a narrow, picayunish, meager sphere.” 3 Picard did not find that all port al-to-portal cases should be dis missed. He observed that “there may be, and perhaps are, many instances where walking and th* preliminary activities time con sumed is of such an amount as to call for compensation that the worker is not now receiving.” Picard indicated he believed a plant protection man who has to don a uniform and hunt for his day’s assignment is entitled to portal-to-portal pay, as is a fire man who has to report early to relieve another. But the Mt. Clemens case, he said, “is an out and out manufacturing case, dif ferentiated from coal mines and other specific types, and what ap plies here may later be held to apply to industry in general.” Grindley Artware Announce Plans z For New Potter? Sebring, Ohio—A. K. Grindley, president of the Grindley Artware Company plant that burned to the ground on Feb. 3, announced early this week the company is making plans for rebuilding. Temporary shelters and the renting of rooms to carry on a limited are being considered. Annual Wage Far Workers Urged Ji To Solve Unemployment Losses t0 lhwadvSol7rb?^ a lOffice of War Mobilization & Re- (construction by Murray Latimer, Kansas City, Mo. (FP) This (former head of the Railroad Re (town is without its lone newspaper (tirement Board. (as a result of a strike by delivery The Latimer report, six inches (men against the Kansas City Star, (thick in mimeographed form, is The delivery men are organized in the Government Printing of linto a union affiliated with the |fice for publication late in March, (international Printing Pressmen’s (It has been 12 months in prepara IUnion. When a picketline was (tion, having been ordered by the (thrown aspund the newspaper |late President Roosevelt. plant, not only the pressmen but Latimer figured that the net (all printing craftsmen refused to (cost of guaranteeing a annual (pass. The strike tied up both the (wage to U. S. workers would not Star and its morning edition, the |be more than 1 per cent and he Times. (urged that such costs be made de-, production k are now a building more floor Sebring contractors drawing up plans for with 5,000 square feet space than were in the burned out structure. ’-J As many of the older employees as possible will be rehired, he stated, but no expected date can be set at this time for the completion of the building but if materials can be obtained it should not take long. 1 ductable for income tax purposes as the cost of doing business. If U. S. Steel took the plan, the report said, it would increase prices 0.4 per cent or cut that cor poration’s profit between 3.4 and 3.9 per cent. The same would be true for Bethlehem Steel. General Motors would need an crease of under 0.3 per cent or cut its profits 1.7 per cent “or various combinations of lesser adjustments in rates and profits,” The tele phone industry would need a rate boost of 0.4 per cent or a profit reduction of 1.7 per cent, the re port said. In the 12-year period from 1929, Latimer said, the 300 billion dol lars loss from unemployment if “productively used, would have been sufficient to build all the rail roads in the country, to have sub stantially rebuilt the cities, and to have permitted the replacement of (Turn to Page Five).