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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 27, 1947, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1947-02-27/ed-1/seq-6/

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Substantiated showing of hardship.
“No Justification”
“There is certainly no justifica
tion, under the present conditions
of an acute housing shortage, to
re!i«*ve the hardship of a very
small minority of landlords by a
method which would enable the
great majority of them to exact
from tenants a profit far in excess
of any profit previously earned.”
Pointing to the present housing
shortage, Gn*en predicted that
higher rents would result in many
families being dispossessed.
“The proposed general increases
in rent ceilings will lead to whole
sale evictions of families who wjll
be unable to meet the raised rent
bills,” he said. “In the face of the
acute housing shortage, thousands
of families in almost every com
munity will have no place to go.”
Keep Controls, He Asks
In ending, Green summarized
the AFL position as follows:
“Termination of emergency war
time regulations at the earliest
date consistent with the public in
ten*st is a stated objective of the
American Federation of Labor. It
is with that guiding principle in
mind that 1 submit to you our ma
ture and studied conclusion that a
general increase in rent ceilings
before the end of the calendar
year 1947 would be inimical to the
public welfare and do Irreparable
damage to the nation’s economy.
“We believe that the emergency
powers to control rents should be
continued until June 30, 1948. A
gradual termination of rent con
trols should not be begun prior to
Jan. 1, 1948. It should then be un
dertaken so that a 6-month period
would be utilized for an orderly
termination of federal rent control
by June 30, 1948.
New Building To Help
H’ “During the current calendar
year we should be able to build at
least 900,000 new dwelling units.
While the construction of these
units will not end the housing
shortage, it will relieve some of
the pressure caused by the current
scarcity of housing accommoda
tions. Sound public policy therefore
dictates that the termination of
rent control should not be begun
until 1948
State Agencies Save U. S.
Millions In Vet Training
Washington, D. C.—Major Gen
eral Grave* B. Erskine, Adminis
trator of the Retraining and Re
employment Administration, has
declared that the work of State and
local agencies in reintegrating vet
erans and displaced war workers
have saved the Federal Govern
ment and local communities mil
lions of dollars and ncommends
that Federal agencies continue ac
tive cooperation with all State and
county veterans’ service offices
and community advisory centers.
In a year-end report to the Ad
visory Council of RRA, the Labor
Department official declared that
the need for State and local serv
ices and for Federal cooperation
with them will continue for at
least another year and a half.
Authorization for the RRA will
expire on June 30 and no further
legislation for extension of the
agency beyond that date has been
introduced in Congress, and a re
quest for a small deficiency appro
priation for this fiscal year has
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Vigorously urging retention
of present rent controls until June 30, 1948, President Wil
liam Green of the American Federation of Labor warned the
Senate Banking and Currency Committee that “a nation
wide rent increase at this time may easily precipitate a gen
eral recession.”
Green also warned that sharp rise in living costs pro
duced by a blanket rent increase “would have on extremely
disturbing effect on wages and present a real threat to in
dustrial peace.”
cation for a general increase in*
rent ceilings at the present time.
Landlord Profits Cited
“An official government survey
of income and expenses and oc
cupancy of small rental structures
in 60 cities,” he said, “show that
»between 1939 and June 30, 1946,
the average net operating income
of landlords, after expenses, rose
42.7 per cent. A similar survey of
apartment houses in 63 cities
jshows that between 1939 and June
,30, 1946, net operating income,
after expenses, rose 26.7 per cent.
“In normal times a substantial
loss of income due to vacancies
must be assumed by the landlord
as a part of operating cost. That
cost has been eliminated, since
vacancies have almost completely
disappeared. In the case of small
structures, vacancy loss has been
reduced from 9.1 per cent in 1939
to 0.5 per cent in 1946. In the
case of apartment houses, vacancy
loss had been reduced from 8.6 per
cent in 1939 to 0.2 per cent in
“Government figures reveal that
78 per cent of the landlords were
in a more profitable position in
1946 than in 1939. For the re
maining 22 per cent of the land
lords, an orderly procedure has
been (*stablished under which any
landlord will receive relief upon a
The AFL chief cited figures to show there is no justifi­
A. F. of Man
is Named Labor
Standards Head
Washington, D. C.—William L.
Connolly, appointed by Secretary
of Labor Schwellenbach as Direc
tor of the Division of Labor Stand
ands in the U. S. Department of
Labor, will assume that postition
shortly. The Director of Labor of
the State of Rhode Island succeeds
the late Verna A. Zimmer, who had
directed the Division from the
time of its creation in 1934.
Before becoming Rhode Island
labor director, Mr. Connolly had
been president of the State Federa
tion of Labor in that State for 10
years. He is a member of the In
ternational Typographical Union,
A FL, and for four years was in
ternational representative of that
Union for New England, New York
State and Nova Scotia.
The Division of Labor Standards
is a service agency to State labor
departments and State officials
and to labor, employer, and civic
groups interested in improving
working conditions. It develops
basic materials on legislation and
administrative standards, works
out standards, works out programs
to coordinate Federal and State
activities, carries on a program
for the promotion of health and
safety standards, operates a Labor
Education Service which aids class
es in universities, unions, and other
groups, and administers the child
labor prosivions of the* Fair Labor
Standards Act.
Green Asks
fCmtinutd From Page One)
workshops and farming projects
operated for Jewish refugees and
displaced persons by ORT, the Or
ga n iz a i o n of Rehabilitation
through Training.
Green condemned the “repeated
failure of the United Nations to
cope with the postwar human prob
lems,” asserting that “the shame
ful record indicates that the United
Nations have, in many instances,
been more kind to our enemies
than their victims.”
Charging that “the refugee Jews
of Europe are worse off now than
before Hitler’s defeat,” he said:
“There is only one answer to the
heavy problem of the displaced
Jews of Europe. It can be summed
up in two words—Palestine and
Declaring that he spoke in the
name of 7,500,(MM) members of the
A FL, he said that if Britain al
lowed unrestricted immigration to
Palestine as a Jewish homeland
“she can count upon the United
States and the other free nations
of the world to back her up in any
Other Lahor Men Speak
On behalf of the ORT labor di
vision, Max Zaritsky, president of
the United Hatters, Cap and Mil
linery Workers International
Union, presented a scroll to Green.
Julius Hochman, vice president of
the International Ladies’ Garment
Workers’ Union, presented to him
a brass and copper candelabra
made hy refugee trainees at the*
ORT Trade School here.
Among other speakers were
Adolph Held, chairman of the divi
sion former Gov. Herbert Leh
man Matthew Woll, vice president
of the A FL, and Louis B. Boudin,
chairman of the American ORT
Federation Board, David Dubinsky,
president of the ILGWU, was
treasurer of the dinner.
Woll praised Green for his
championship of oppressed min
It’s the people who just call to
say hello who hang around
you’re nuts.
& Y/
Peter F. Maley, 67, retired pot
ter, died Feb. 25 in his home, 749
Minerva street, following a several
months’ illness.,
A finisher by trade, he was last
employer at the Taylor, Smith &
Taylor pottery in Chester, and af
filiated with Local Union 53, Na*
tional Brotherhood of Operative
Mr. Maley was born in Saline
ville, a son of Hugh Maley and
Ellen Collins Maley. He resided
in East Liverpool for the past 55
years. He was a member of St.
Aloysius Catholic Church and
roll Council 509, Knights of
He leaves his widow, Mrs.
onica Vogt Maley at home three
sons, Thomas Maley, James Maley
and John Maley, and a daughter,
Miss Mary Alice Maley, all at
home three brothers. Thomas A.
Maley of Lakewood, Joseph Maley
of East Liverpool, and Edward
Maley of Salem, and a sister, Miss
Lucy Maley, also of East Liver
Funeral services were held from
St. Aloysius Catholic Church.
Burial was in Columbiana County
Memorial Park.
Robert S. Marshall, jiggerman,
died Feb. 23 in his home, 1058
Pennsylvania Ave., following a
three-year illness.
Mr. Marshall was born in Wayne
county, W. Va. He lived in East
Liverpool for the past 50 years and
was employed last at plant No. 8
of the Homer Laughlin China Co.
Ib* was a member of Local Union
No. 12, National Brotherhood of
Operative Potters.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Myr
tle Gilkinson Marshall a step-son,
Manford Banfield of East Liver
pool a sister, Mrs. Harry E. Boyd
of Steubenville, and six grandchil
Services were held from the
Martin Funeral Home by Rev. C.
L. Yoder, pastor of the Pennsyl
vania Ave. Methodist Church.
Burial was in Calcutta United
Presbyterian Church Cemetery.
Auto Workers'
Union Gets New
Announcement was made this
week by the International Execu
tive Board of the United Automo
bile Workers of America, affiliated
with the American Federation of
Labor, of the purchase of a choice
piece of Milwaukee business prop
erty. A large two-story modern
building in the heart of the cream
city’s downtown section figured in
the transaction.
The entire upper floor with ap
proximately 5,000 square feet of
floor space will be used by the
International Union as the site of
its headquarters. Occupancy is
slated in about zjx months, thus
allowing full time for complete
re-decorating and renovation. Be
sides housing the offices of the In
ternational Officers, the Research
Educational, Editorial, Insurance
and Publicity Divisions of the
Union will be located in th** build
The UAW-A FL headquarters
were moved to Milwaukee from
Detroit in January of 1944 and
have been functioning from a
downtown office suite. With this
purchase, the UAW-A FL will take
its place with other prominent
labor organizations in owning real
estate providing for its central
Washington (FP) Budget re
strictions will cause the Retraining
& Reemployment Administration
to cut its staff of 80 down to 25 or
30 by the end of March, RRA Di
receor Graves B. Erskine an
nounced Feb. 12. RRA coordinates
federal, state and community ac
tivities in retraining, reemploy
ment, vocational rehabilitation and
vocational education for war vet
Juy Union Label goods
and put more money
injwpay envelope/
Union Label Tradea Dept, AFL
Bogomolets believed that the
network of connective tissues
which hold together the bones and
muscles and which make up the
bulk of many important organs, is
the all important part of the body
as far as growing old in concerned.
This connective tissue is the home
of huge numbers of special cells
which wander about, flocking to
the places v/here germs or cancer
cells or poisons or other destruc
tive forces have attacked the body.
Here they help the rest of the
body’s defenses kill off the invad
ers and then they carry away all
the rubble of the battle, leaving
the area clean for recovery and re
This connective tissue is believed
to play exactly the same role in
the normal wear and tear process
of the body. The millions of
ments that make up the body
constantly wearing out, dying
being replaced anew in the
namic process of life. The body
DETROIT TEACHERS VOTE STRIKE—Joining the growing num
ber of teacher protests, the Federation of Teachers, (AFL), voted 4,108
to 1,717 for strike action “in the event everything else fails.” High school
teacher Katherine Doherty casts hen-ballot as John Otten stands by.
(Federated Pictures).
Would you like to live to the
age of 150? Can you imagine the
normal lif«* span being twice as
long as it is now? Is a man of 60
really a youngster?
“It may sound paradoxical, but a
man of 60 or 70 is still young. He
has lived only half his natural life.
What we are accustomed to re
gard as normal old age is actually
an abnormal, premature phenomen
on.”—So wrote the late Dr. A. A.
Bogomolets of the Russian Aca
demy of Experimental Biology and
The Soviet doctor devoted years
to the study of the process of
growing old and the causes of
death. Thousands of cases of un
usually long life, from 120 to 150
years, were discovered and investi
gated. It was shown that most
animals reach their adult age in
from 1/7 to 1/5 of their expected
life span. Since men completes his
full growth between the ages of 20
and 25, his average life expectancy
should be around 150 years.
Textile Industry
Featured In News
Albany, N. Y. (ILNS)—The tex
tile industry in New York state, its
development and the cooperation
between the State Department of
Labor and~the industry as a factor
in the latter’g growth are featured
in a 27-page spread of stories and
pictures in the recently released
January, 1947, issue of the Indus
trial Bulletin, monthly news-maga
zine of the State Labor Depart
Offering a wealth of information
about an industry which ranks
eighth in the state in the number
of persons to whom it gives em
ployment, the feature is the first
of a series of field studies on New
York State industries scheduled to
appear in the magazine.
Replete with factual date and
informative sidelights, the textile
stories include detailed discussion
of the labor market, wage rates
and safety programs in the indus
try. There are also special arti
cles about two of the state’s major
cotton textile and knitting firms.
The enthralling story of a factory
in Brooklyn wherein blind produc
tion workers have maintained an
exceptionally high industrial safe
ty record, provides another dis
tinctive illustrated feature in the
January issue.
Washington (FP) A plea for
American representatives
United Nations council to
from alcoholic
cularly vodka,
lieved of your
sibilities,” was
the* Methodist
stays young and alive, said Bogo
molets, as long as it is able to
keep ahead of this wearing out
process. The connective tissue
cells act as scavengers or house
cleaners, clearing away the waste
materials that pile up from the
worn out tissues, and stimulating
the production of new tissue.
When these garbage collecting
and sanitation officers fail in their
duties the tissues get clogged up
with their own waste products and
are unable to reproduce or to be
repaired. Then, according to this
theory, the aging of the body be
"Many day to day factors weaken
or destroy the power of the body’s
protective mechanism. Diseases,
many of which modem science al
ready knows how to prevent, leave
their destructive mark. Prolonged
inactivity, bad eating habits, ex
cessive use of tobacco and alcohol,
Udk abuses—all have their effects
d#Mhe vital organs of the body
and leave behind a weaker system
for the daily battle against time
and death.
Dr. Bogomolets’ group further
insists that these internal factors
are not the only ones which can
and should be controlled. Social
and economic progress can elimin
ate the other great groups of
causes of the weakening of the
body’s resistance hunger, cold,
overwork, crowded living condi
tions and insecurity.
Bogomolets and his co-workers
developed a special preparation
called antireticular y o to i
serum, or ACS, which is supposed
to stimulate all the connective tis
sues of the body and thus increase
their ability to protect the body
against the wearing out of its
cells and against destructive invad
ers. During the war ACS was wide
ly Used by the Red Army for all
kinds of wounds, infections and
shock conditions with reportedly
good results.
There are the glimmerings of a
fresh approach to the problem of
early aging and death. The com
bination of progress in medical
science and social gains may some
day prove to be the means of as
suring all men a full span of
healthy, productive life. There is
no real reason to accept any pres
ent day limitations. It can be true
that life begins at 40.____________
on the
are re
until you
duties and
issued Feb. 8 by
Board of Temper-
Schwellenbach: ,t
Blasts Proposed
Mediation Board
Washington, D. C. Voicing his
opposition to a “super-duper”
mediation board, whether within
or without the Department of La
bor, Secretary of Labor L. B.
Schwellenbach told a nation-wide
radio audience that labor and man
agement can and will accept the
serious responsibilities of collec
tive bargaining. Directing atten
tion to the effective operations of
the U. S. Conciliation Service as
indicated in vastly improved na
tional labor’ relations within the
past year, the Labor Secretary
added that a mediation board
would impede industrial peace.
“My own experience,” he de
clared, “has convinced me that the
job is not one to be done by a
board, because the solution of La
bor disputes requires great flexi
bility. Solutions cannot be reached
in an ivory tower. Every case is
different the issues are different
the personalities are different. It
requires different types of in
dividuals to handle different cases.
“No super-duper board can han
dle such a many-sided and compli
cated task, regardless of the char
acter, ability and experience of the
men who might be appointed to
such a board. With the best will in
the world, a board would find it
self delayed by technical problems
which might prove a fatal handicap
to successful collective bargain
The Secretary reminded his list
eners that an all-time high in per
formance was reached by the Con
ciliation Service in 1945 when over
23,000 disputes were handled, with
referrals to the National War La
bor Board or the National Labor
Relations Board for final action in
33 per cent of the cases. Today, he
said, the story is different. Labor
and management are again learn
ing to use the collective bargaining
process. As we entered the new
year 1947 work stoppages were the
lowest since V-J Day.
“Unless a misjudge the calibre
and democratic purpose of labor
and management,” he said, “they
will meet their joint responsibility
without coercion or compulsion
from our Government.”
Bakery Drivers
Win Pay Raise
(ILNS) A 2-year
between 40 large Chi
wholesale bakeries and
of the Brotherhood of
cago area
Local 734
Teamsters provides for increases
of $5 and $10 a week for 1,600
drivers and salesmen. Special de
livery drivers were raised to $61 a
week, truck drivers to $65 and
salesmen drivers to $65, plus 5
per cent commission on weekly
sales above $400 and 7 per cent
on sales above $500.
A unique proviso of the agree
ment declares that if Congress
enacts a law creating a holiday in
celebration of the end of World
War II, union members shall be
granted pay for the day, in -addi
tion to the 6 normal holidays now
covered by the contract.
Excessive cheerfulness is fre
quently very obnoxious.
Now Is the Time
to Buy Coal
Office 934 Homo 693
Railroad 4 Bollock Streets
For Hotel Ware. Apply
y Walker China Co.
Bedford, Ohio, or Phone Bedford 1200
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has
seen fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brother Valentine Schneider, and
Whereas, We, the members of Docal Union No. 5,
Evansville, Ind., recognize the loss of this brother who was
respected and esteemed by his shopmates and fellow workers,
therefore be it
Resolved, that We, the members of Local Union No. 5
shall cherish and respect the memory of his pleasant manner
and as evidence of sympathy and esteem, it is hereby further
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to his
family, a copy of this resolution be published in our official
journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes
of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also
that our charter
thirty days.
spy sent to the bereaved lamiiy. Also
draped in mourning for a period of
Secretary, Local Union 5
Evansville, Ind.
Chicago (ILNS) The Cook
County Council of the American
Legion, representing 400 posts
with over 100,000 members, sharp
ly rebuked the legion’s national
executive committee stand in favor
of compulsory arbitration of labor
disputes. The council’s monthly
meeting also criticized the legion’s
national employment committee
for urging Congress to enact legis
lation against unions charging in
itiation fees, assessments or puni
tive fines against veterans.
Noting that the American
Legion had for many years ad
monished and restricted its mem
bers from participating in manage
ment-labor disputes, the Cook
County Council declared that by
subscribing to this type of legis
lative action the legion would be
“going far afield of the prime fac
tors which justify our existence as
a veterans organization.”
One of the most effective argu
ments against the national execu
tive committee stand was a letter
Plans Showdown
With Management
The membership of Local 863,
Plantsville, Connecticut, after
hearing a report of its Bargaining
Committee, voted as one man to
file a thirty-day strike notice.
Cause of the dispute is the refusal
of the management, the Blakeslee
Forging Company, to grant a w^ll
deserved wage increase.
Crux of the issue, in the Local
Union’s opinion, is the attitude of
the new plant manager, whose flat
denial of the raise was seen as a
test of strength in the new regime.
With the filing of the strike vote,
the membership has demonstrated
that in the test it is likely to em
erge the victor.___________

Thursday, February Y?, -1947
from President William Green of
the American Federation of Labor,
stating that “we will vigorously
oppose the proposition of the
American Legion for complusory
arbitration and their plan to ex
empt veterans from the payment
of initiation Tees in labor unions.
Neither of these proposals is justi
fiable from any point of view.”
165 In Individual Income
Sets Another Record i
Washington, D. C. A record
high of $165,000,000,000 income
payments to individuals for 1946
has just been made public by, thd
U. S. Department ,of Commerce
This was $4,000,000,000' above thd
previous high of 1945* and more
than double the total for pre-war
These payments include net in
comes of farm and nonfarm pro
prietors, net rents received by
landlords, and
lief payments,
and salaries.
THE MAN I LOVE" Is a Picture You'll Love!
The Songs and All the Secrets of the Hottest Singeri'^
the Night Clubs Ever Knewl -e
public aid and re
as well as wages
The quickest fortunes these days
seem to be made by those who
study the tax laws closest.
Flexible and
rigid arch
styles in ox
fords and
high shoes.
X-ray Fitting
East Sixth Street
“MERIZED CAT"—Colored Cartoon
“SMART AS A FOX”—A Variety Short
NEWS of the DAY in Picture*

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