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1! OFFICIAL ORGAN National Washington, D. C.—The Supreme Court of the United States, in a history-making decision, upheld the conviction of the United Mine Workers’ Union and its president, John L. Lewis, for contempt of court. The tribunal cut down the $3, 500,OQO contempt fine levied against the union by Federal Judge Golds borough to $700,000, but sustained the $10,000 fine against Mr. Lewis. The court voted 7 to 2 in sup port of the citation against the union. But it was only by a nar row 5 to 4 margin that it ruled the Norris-LaGuardia Act did 1 outlaw the injunction issued by Mr. Lewis offered no immediate comment on the verdict. The high court gave him five days from the issuance of its mandate to comply with the terms of the injunction. ’^Otherwise the full $3,500,000 fine iwill be levied against the union. The injunction requires Mr. Lewis jand the union to withdraw the no tice that the U. M. W. contract "with the government has terminat jed. This notice brought on the nation-wide soft coal strike last FaH. AFL President William Green said organized labor will have to study the decision carefully “to finfl out whether it means the re turn of government by injunction.” The Supreme Court decision was announced with startling sudden ness and caught everyone in the nation’s capital by surprise. It was the first time in 15 years that a decision had been handed doWh 'off -----day other than a Monday. --^T ®*y other than a Monday. r'^»i“W- wtay taifie -many weeks fiefim .. 'vr thorough legal analysis of the de- cision can accurately define its scope and application to labor re lations generally. However, these AHk .points appear obvious: 1—The majority found that the government was exercising its “sovereign function” in this case and that the Norris-LaGuardia Act did not bar it from obtaining an injunction from the federal courts. This view was taken by Chief Jus tice Vinson, who wrote the ma- State Federation Calls Meeting Of Group Affiliates All local unions of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters affiliated with the Ohio State Fed eration of Labor, received notice this week of a State-Wide confer ence to be held March 30 in Me morial hall, 280 East Bropd street, Columbus, Ohio. The meeting has been called in view of the highly objectionable anti-labor legislation now pending before Congress and of the sev eral bills, pending before the Gen eral Assembly of Ohio. Because of the positive danger confronting organized labor and in view of the experiences in other states where vicious anti-labor legislation has been passed, officials of the OSFL request every local union be rep resented at the conference. Phil Hannah, Assistant Secre tary of Labor, United States De partment of Labor, will be one of the principal speakers. Suggesfs Informu For Local Unions Regardless of the publicity given workers covered by the social se curity program now in effect, some workers continue to lose benefits because they don’t know their rights under old-age and survivors’ insurance, Glenn H. Pittenger, ■2? manager of the district office in Youngstown, announced this week. Seeking to enlighten members of the pottery industry further along this line, Mr. Pittenger suggests an informational program on so cial security to reach both the new workers who may be insured under social security for the first time and also the dlder workers who need to be reminded of their rights under the act. How this can be done? Here are a few sugges tions: At Ute request of a local union, a representative from my social security office will be happy to at tend a union meeting to explain briefly old-age and suryiyors’ in- s® ?jS brotherhood OF OPERATIVE POTTERS .'V on^:' ,-' W not Judge Goldsborough which Mr. Lewis and the union defied. this defiance they were held in contempt. For Conviction Of Lewis A nd Union Is Upheld By U. S Sup L. Leading the field are shoes, men’s topcoats, suits, business shirts, work clothing and socks, and women’s hosiery, rayon under wear and house dresses. One small ray of sunshine was the report that the retail prices of all consumers* goods and services had dropped one-tenth of 1% from mid-Degember to mid-January. Most jof the small drop in the general cost of living was due to a decline in retail food prices. This decline was almost matched by a 1% rise in the cost of clothing from Dec. 15 to Jan. 15. During the pre ceding month, just after price con trols were abolished, clothing prices jumped 3.2%. (Tun to Page Two) Potatoes are being sold At 5 Cents Per 100 Lbs. Washington, D. C.—At Eastern inland points of storage, the Agri cultural surplus export pounds, previous offer of about 35 cents. Department is offering potatoes for commercial at 5 cents a hundred which compares with a The potatoes cost the govern ment about $2.20 under a grower price-support program and are part of a 95,000,000-bushel surplus from last year’s record crop. tonal Program Of Brotherhood surance and answer any questions your members might have on this program. The local social security office can also supply you with simply written pamphlets on the old-age and survivors’ insurance program for distribution to your member ship. These pamphlets are free. Also available at the local office are posters on old-age and sur vivors’ insurance, which are suit able for display in your union hall. Why not form a social security committee in your local and city labor body to pass on information to workers? Many locals have found this to be the best insurance against loss of benefits. Where a committee of members in a union assumes responsibility for keeping its members informed about social security, then the chances of losing out on benefits are greatly re duced. The responsibilities of such (Turn te Page Two) i as K sJaiSfcr^ .A<p></p>SIje Lewis LOSER—Pres. John and the United Mine (AFL) lost their fight against gov ernment strikebreaking by injunc tion when the Supreme Court ruled against them. The adverse deci sion affects all labor. Workers jority opinion, and Associate Jus tices Black, Reed, Douglas and Burton. Voting that the Norris LaGuardia Act did apply were As sociate Justices Frankfurter, Mur phy, Jackson and Rutledge. 2—The majority also held that in this case the government was acting as the employer of the mine workers because the government had hitherto seized the mine prop erties under the War Labor Dis- Clothing Cost eUp 68-84% 4 iB Men’s clothin? costs 84% more than it did in August 1939 and women’s clothing 68% more, the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported this week. The Bureau said cotton clothing is 127% higher than in 1939, wool clothing 60%, and silk, rayon and nylon apparel 56%. 'erne Court kputes Act. For this reason the ma jority held that the government could seek injunctive relief to maintain the status quo and pre vent a strike against the govern ment until the courts decided as to whether the contract with the U. M. W. could be terminated. 3—Th? majority further held that Mr. Lewis'and the union were bound to respect and obey the in junction regardless of whether it was subsequently held legal or il legal. On this Frankfurter and the majority and the conviction. Only Justices Rutledge and Mur phy dissented from the entire de cision and voted against upholding the conviction. Justice Murphy said in his sepa rate opinion that the implications of the majority decision cast a dark cloud over the future of labor relations in the United States. Justice Rutledge said: “No man or group is above the law. All are subject to its valid commands. So are the government and the courts. If, as I think, Con gress has forbidden the use of labor injunctions in this and like cases, that conclusion is the end of our function. And if modifica tion of that policy is to be made for such cases, that problem is for Congress in the first instance, not for the courts.’* Actually, the Supreme Court did not rule on the primary issue from which the entire court fight de veloped. That issue is whether the U. M. W. had a right under its contract with Secretary of the In terior Krug to terminate that con tract on 30 days’ notice, as it at tempted to do. A trial of this is sue might uphold the union’s con tention, but since the government is expected to release the mines by June 30 to their private owners, the point may become academic. Sudden Death Of Michael J. Flynn Shock To Potters M. J. Flynn, Executive Secretary of America’s Wage Earners’ Pro tective Conference since its forma tion in New York, June 1928, died in Washington, D. C., March 6, as the result of injuries suffered when he fell on an icy ago. i-‘ -. ", ,i-•■.■ ’r,: 4 -I ‘',i'Tr?7TrX i point, Justices Jackson joined voted to uphold The court split again on the $700,COO fine. No indication was given in the majority decision as to how this sum was arrived at. Justices Vinson, Reed, Douglas, Burton and Jackson supported it, while Justices Murphy and Rut ledge opposed it, while Justices Black and Douglas expressed the view that it was “excessive.” street two weeks better known, or labor representa- There was no highly respected tive in the nation’s capitol than Mr. Flynn. He had an unusually analytical mind which enabled him to delve into the intricacies of sta tistics, at which he was a past master. His sincerity of purpose in the cause he represented, that of protecting the job opportunities of American workers from the in roads of cheap foreign produced goods sold in American markets to the detriment of our living stand ards, endeared him to the leaders, as well as the rank and file of the American Federation of Labor. Mike, in our opinion, was the most outstanding public relations representative of our entire move ment. Most Congressmen and Sen ators were his admirers, because of his ability to collect data giving the true facts relative to cases which he brought to their atten tion and the probable effects pro posed legislation would have upon American wage earners. Mike was well known to mem bers of the Brotherhood, due to his appearance in our past conven tions to discuss tariff and its ef fects upon the pottery industry. Previous to his going to Wash ington, as the active representa tive of America’s Wage Earners’ Protective Conference, he was a newswriter for the Boston papers. He was known far and wide as the organizer of the first newswriters’ union and was for years its mov ing spirit. His advice was sought not only by labor representatives, but leaders in government and in dustry as well when involved with most perplexing problems. in 10, The funeral was held Chester, Mass., March Flynn’s hometown. Ddt Mr. I V *.'<p></p>Perilous '*’, .'» Record Tobacco Taxes Reported at $1,217,812,000 Washington, D. C.—The U. S. internal Revenue Department has disclosed that levies on tobacco ac counted for more than three rents of each $1 in 1946. Tobacco taxes brought in more than $1,217,812,000, a record high, while tax collections in general were dropping about 10 per cent under 1945 to a total of $38,640, 000,000. Jhrtter# era v/ "is _^a •*-, I" ,«' 4s*' MU'1"’,/ «'./ .. .«■.V. ,. A I ,.Ii a ^-4 .. ,f EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1947 AFL Sees Trend To Slave LaborOSI!I■r■■■■ vu- 5^! Painters* Union Marks 60 Years** Of Progress 1 Lafayette,„ Ind. IILNSL-^his month marks the «0th anuiversary of the founding of the Brother hood of Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers of America on Mar. 15, 1887, it is noted by the Painter and Decorator, the union’s official journal. Telling of the formation of the union the magazine says: “Brotherhood historians record that prior to 1386 no trade in the building industry was in a more deplorable state than were the painters. Attempts had been made to form local organizations for more than a half century, dating back to one reported in Philadel phia in 1815, ahd in 1871 New York and New Jersey unions had organized the Grand Lodge of Painters of America—the first at tempt of a national character— but none of these organizations proved successful. “By 1876 the Knights of Labor was coming into prominence as the first ‘One Big Union’ move ment in opposition to the craft union idea, and soon afterward the Grand Lodge of Painters of Amer ica disappeared and the painters were absorbed by the Knights of Labor. (Turn 19 Page Three) Clarksburg Local Sounds Warning Tof Tale-Tattlers Clarksburg, W. Va.—Due to the ballots not arriving in time to en able us to vote at first meeting in March in the primary election of national officials and delegates to the American Federation of Labor convention, members of Local Union 99 will register their choice at the polls at their next regularly scheduled meeting on Monday eve ning, March 17th. We hope every member will feel it important to keep this date in mind, March 17, St. Patrick’s Day, and be on hand to support their choice of candi dates in Selecting those best qualified for the various positions. The shop committee made a very interesting report and one that Is Worthy of much thought. It seems some of our worthy mem bers have been going out of their way to carry the news back to the ■sXi- «J.‘ Sit $&■ CURB LABOR Plant Head Suggests Union News Be Carried In "Post" Buffalwj N. Y.^-Your humble servant this week will devote his column to excerpts taken from “The Pottery Post,” official publi cation issued weekly for employees of the Buffalo Pottery Co. First and foremost, I desire to give credit where credit is due, and to Bert Clark, editor, goes a pat on the back for a swell job. Next in line comes our manager R. E. Gould, who suggests that local union news be carried in the “Post”, as a medium in making the Buffalo Pottery a better place to perform our daily tasks. “Bob” says he believes this should be done, even though some of the things which might be published will not be too pleasant to read from his side. Operations were somewhat cur tailed last week due to a lost car of flint. Tracers immediately got on the job and located the car at Johnstown, Pa. Harold Zangerle was the lad assigned in the Sher lock Holmes role and by keeping in touch with officials of three railroads, finally succeeded in de livering the car to the plant the following Monday. Harold kept tab in the run-down and reported it required 151 hours to bring the car from Johnstown to the plant siding. Who said we are living in a day of speed and haste? The annual Red Cross drive in the plant began on March 1st, and records to date indicated the em ployees of the Buffalo Pottery will once again go over the top in the drive. Voting in the primary election for national officials was held at our meeting on March 7 with a very good turnout. To the new comers in Local 76, we remind them our national president, Jim Duffy, was a member of this local at shop of just what takes place our local union meetings. While we do not hedge one iota in sub stantiating the action taken at any of our local meetings, never theless, we feel what takes place is our business, and concerns no one else. We mention this fact in all sincerity, keeping in mind the fact that when tales are carried from one to another, somewhere along the line something is added or de leted from the true facts. The time is at hand to curb this practice once and for all and we feel the guilty parties should be brought before the local and suf fer the consequences of all tale tattlers. The McNicol basketball team finished their season last week by trimming the basketeers from the (Tun to Page Five) A W**r A recent visitor at th? plant, Mr. Nils Erik Ydren, engineer of a large pottery in Sweden was be ing shown through the plant and when in the print shop his atten tion was called to the music being broadcast throughout the plant. He remarked that every plant of any size in Sweden has a broad- Tatra t» Page Six) Labor Strife In Wheeling Still 'Spotty’ Says OC Wheeling, W. Va.—The Local’s sympathy is extended to Brother John Farais, member of the cup makers’ crew, jp the death of his father. The elder Mr. Farais suf fered a stroke last Wednesday morning as he was preparing for work in the mine. Fellow workers immediately took him to the Mar tins Ferry Hospital where slight hope for his recovery was soon abandoned. Mr. Farais died the following Friday afternoon and burial took place in St. Anthony’s Cemetery, Blaine, Ohio. Our last report on Bro. Louis Rader, who was removed to the hospital at Aspinwall, Pa., a couple of months ago for- treat ment, is improving. Bro. Lou is gaining weight but his general health is not improving very speedily. Mr. Rader, a flat ware jiggerman, has been a member of Local Union No. 6 for a period of twenty-five years or more. We’fe hoping Lou will continue to im prove and will soon be able to re turn home. After an extended vacation from tjie shop, Bro. Sam Young has ac cepted employment on his old jig ger. Mr. Young replaces Bill Schrader who is ill. in Wheel The John plant in Labor troubles here ing are still ‘spotty.’ Wentzel Meat Packing South Wheeling is still not in op eration. A strike at the company’s installations in the latter part of January will probably be settled sometime within the next two weeks, as a vote on union repre sentatives will be taken soon. AFL and CIO representatives are meet ing with the employees and com pany and after the bargaining agent question is settled, it is very probable that other matters con cerning the working contract can (Tun to Page Two) Jiggermen Will Pay More Dues Beginning April or- when first elected to head the gamzatien. Happy birthday wishes are tended to Jean Meyer, Feb. Agnes Mazurek, Mar. 1, Emma McGreevy and Pearl Gulick, Mar. 2, Sammy Deubel and Pauline Noll, Mar. 3, and Carl Friedrich, Mar. 4. May your coming year see the fulfillment of your fond est hopes. ex 23, With slightly more than three monthp’ time before the annual convention of the Brotherhood goes into session, Local Union No. 12 began laying the groundwork for the annual parley at their meet ing Tuesday evening when a reso lution committee was appointed. The aim and purpose of this committee is to aid in drafting resolutions in the proper form to be acted upon by the local before they are presented for publication in the printed program. Any mem ber having anything to offer along this line is requested to contact the committee at "the earliest pos sible date. Remember, all resolu tions must be acted am pt three meetings. Harry Podewels, chairman of the sports committee for the annual potters’ picnic gave a report of the committee’s activities to date, gather from his remarks year’s outing will be bigger and better than ever. We received from Headquarters an official report of the results of the recent referendum on the in surance proposal before'the trade. We were glad to see the majority of locals overwhelmingly supported the measure. Beginning April 1st, our dues will go to 65 cents per month. We feel it very important that our dues be raised at this time in order that the local will be able to meet their obligations and function as a progressive unit. Nomination for national officers in the primary election was held at our last meeting with a very good turnout at the polls. We hope to follow this pattern by having a fine turnout at the gen eral election in May. The transfer card of “Happy” (Tun to Page Six) Economists Oppose Law’s Against Labor A group of 160 economists political scientists, who are pro & -MEMBER, INTERNATIONAL LABOR NEWS SERVICE Committee Warns Of Dire Threat To 1-' We this and fessors at prominent colleges and universities, this week wrote Sen ator Robert A. Taft, chairman of the Senate Labor Committee, urg ing Congress not to pass “punitive legislation designed to destroy many successful bargaining prac tices and jeopardize the rights of workers.” Spokesmen For AFL Firmly Oppose Indiscriminate Slashing Of Budget Washington, D. C.—Vigorous op position to proposals to slash the budget by $6,000,000,000 and stem warning that such a cut would jeopardize the safety of the Unit ed States was expressed by two AFL spokesmen in a spirited de bate with farm and business lead ers which was broadcast over the National Broadcasting System on a weekly program known as “America United.” William C. Doherty, president of the National Association of Let ter Carriers and a vice president of the AFL, speaking for govern ment workers, declared this group “certainly believes in a balanced budget, but we cannot agree that the President’s recommendation should be reduced by a figure in excess of $6,000,600,000 or any where near that amount. “I have a firm conviction that such cuts as have been proposed would impair our national defense: w: Mir-mnimi y- $2.00 PER YEAR IBf All Free Workers-I Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—“Forced labor has become a post-war institution in many lands,” the International Labor Relations Committee of the American Federation of Labor declared in a statement strongly emphasizing that the “ex panding system of slave labor” threatens free workers of all nations. Painting a dark picture of the growth of slave labor, the committee, headed by Matthew Woll, said that in Europe alone “it has been estimated that nearly one-third of all pro ductive work is now being done by forced labor.” Warning of the “dire threat” to free workers everywhere, the com mittee said that “slave labor i» a challenge which free labor must meet and meet at once—or be driven into slavery itself.” “Mankind Going Backward” The committee charged that de spite the fact it has been nearly two years since the war ended, “millions of men and women from former enemy countries are still being held as slave laborers.” Large numbers of war prison ers still are being held in Great Britain, Poland, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, the summary points out, in asserting crimes committed by the Nazis were no excuse “for the crimes being perpe trated today, especially in the name of democratic and peace-lov ing peoples.” “Under no guise is the return tq chattel slavery and the Dark Ages permissible or desirable,” said the statement which had the approval of the AFL executive council. 5,000,000 Slave in Siberia “What a sad retrogression! Compare this with what happened (Tun te Page Tve) Measure To Bring In Cheap Labor Is 'OK’d1 By House The House last week staged a lively battle over legislation ap propriating $10,000,000 to bring in farm workers, mainly from Mex ico and the Bahamas. The bill was passed, but not until it had been sharply criticized on both sides of the aisle and shown up as an extremely dan gerous measure. The legislation was sponsored by Congressman Clifford R. Hope (R., Kans.), and had the support of the American Farm Bureau Federation and the National Grange. It also got some quiet packing from the Department of Agriculture, although the Presi dent had not included the pro gram in his budget. The extremely conservative Congressman Everett M. Dirksen (R., Ills.), leveled the principal at tack against the measure. He said he represented a section of the Corn Belt, but could not stand for the proposal. During the war, he conceded, there might have been some justification for importing workers, but he insisted there is no reason for continuing the pol icy when our own jobless rolls are growing rapidly. to an extent where it would seri ously affect our nation’s security,” Mr. Doherty declared. “I believe that Congress should provide for an adequate national defense. “Responsible military authorities have advised us that a $6,000,600, 000 cut would affect national se curity by reducing us to a second rate air force, largely equipped with obsolete planes, within three to five years by crippling the At lantic and Pacific fleets and by reduction of over-all army strength by from 200,000 to 300,000 men, much below occupational require ments. “And I can say to you very can didly that there is great need for continuing our occupational forces, especially in Germany. I have just recently returned from Germany and I believe that our troops should remain there for some time to come, at least pending the de (Tun it Page Five) I- a-' 5R f’t -«t & :'l£J 1 ft -n- r,: 'st •.'