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Manufacturers— Operattves 1 -i' i? 5i-' 1 sb Lit Fotterg Jkrdd OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS and EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL '''•iblisbed every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owning and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State. Entered at Poetoffice. East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second-class matter. Ac cepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1109, Act of October 13. 1917. authorized August 20, 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE B75 HARRY L. GILL.-------------------------------------------------------Editor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada———————.......................B2.00 President___ _____ ___ —........James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool. Ohio First Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street National Bank Buildins, Trenton 8. New Jersey. Second Vice Prilent Frank Hull, 2704 E. Florence Ave., Huntington Park, Calif. Third Vice Prc-ii snt—.................James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice Pr ilent_____ Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Vice Preu k nt—.George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9, New Jersey Sixth Vice Prei-'! nt____ —George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Vice Pr. ident...................... T. J. Desmond, C25 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio Eighth Vice Pn lent.— —Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treas r___ __ ___ Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL Operatives CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, HARRY PODEWELS CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers—————— E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ Operatives— BERT CLARK. DAVID BEVAN, CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE ROBERT DIETZ. Sr.. W. A. BETZ. RAY BROOKES JAMES SLAVEN, THOS. WOOD, ROLAND HORTON SLAVE PRISONERS rpHE MOSCOW CONFERENCE of the Big Four after seven dreary weeks of futile labor finally agreed to a Russian proposal for repatriation of all German war prison ers by Dec. 31, 1918. Grotesque as it may sound, even this shameful proposal will be a weapon in the hands of Soviet propagandists who can be relied on to make the most of it before the German people. To say that the agreement is another blotch on the shielc of that new One World, conceived at Casablanca and born at San Francisco, is to state the naked truth. Of the 2,100,000 prisoners officially reported to the conference, the Soviet Union holds 890,000, France 612,000, Britain 435,000, and the United States 15,000. However, many prisoners in American hands, officially returned to German soil, have in reality been turned over to France and Britain where they are held in vio lation of sacred American pledges. There is a wide gulf between these figures and trust worthy reports which place German prisoners in Russia at nearly 3,000,000 and in France at 750,000. What has become of the missing will perhaps never be known. They have van ished without a trace, but the very mystery of their dis appearance will continue to poison the international atmos phere. And so, whatever remains of the sad relics of Hitler’s mad dreams will return home early in 1949, nearly 4 years after the Nazi collapse and the end of warfare in Europe. Un til then these men are held for one purpose only,—to exploit their manpower for all it’s worth. It remained for the interna tional relations committee of the American Federation of La bor to describe the system for what it truly is: a sad relapse into chattel slavery and the Dark Ages a threat to the free workers of all countries and a challenge to the conscience of democratic peoples. er, A- CAPTAIN KID(D) r)FT OF THE HUNDREDS of union-breaking proposals of fered to Congress, the Republican high command is con cocting a poisonous witches brew, guaranteed to knock out labor £nd, incidentally, smelling to high heaven. Two samples of this unsavory mess were calk'd to public attention last week the Senate hill sponsored by Sen. Robt. Taft of Ohio, chief of the Senate Labor and GOP policy com mittees and the House bill sjionsored by Chairman Fred A. llartley, Jr., and the Republican steering committee. Both bills are designed to deprive American working peo ple of most of their collective bargaining rights, to weaken or destroy their unions, and to increase the power of employers to impose low wages and worsened working conditions. Professorial Senator Taft has brought out a bill that is a masterpiece of legalistic skullduggery. Its 62 pages of intricate phraseology contain nearly every possible device for hamstringing unions and weakening the workers’ bargaining power. The Taft bill has five major titles, the first of which, dealing with amendments to the Wagner Labor Relations Act, is in itself a veritable* encyclopedia of the union-breaking arts. It would transform the “Magna Carta” of American workers’ rights into an instrument for destroying most of these rights. I’’ This first section of the Taft bill would outlaw the closed shop and severely limit all other forms of union security, de claring among other things that an employer may refuse* even bargain or negotiate or discuss any union security demand. Under the guise of preventing industry-wide bargaining, it would break up national unions into powerless company «wide groups, and make it virtually impossible to enforce uni form standards of wages and conditions. It would strike at the roots of industrial unionism, break ing up voting units by crafts, plants and localities, and sepa rating “professional employes” from manual workers. It would promote employer interference, narrowing com |pany obligations to bargain, encouraging individual grievance ^adjustment, permitting interference with the workers’ free choice of a bargaining agent, and protecting company-domin ated unions. -jf--------------------------- 1 ABOUT FREEDOM OF SPEEC rFHERE HAS BEEN much publicity about freedom of speech for employers who oppose organization of their workers into unions. Most of the publicity has been false or outright misleading. Employers now have the right to let their em ployees know their sentiments. The courts have approved that right. So, what’s the fuss about? Just this: some big plant owners have threatened their workers, warned them that if they vote for a union they will lose their jobs, or the works will be shut down. Other bosses have sent agents to the homes of workers to browbeat them and make them afraid to become union members. That, says the law, is car rying free speech too far. It is interesting to note that the very same Congressmen who are yelping loudest for unlimited “free speech” for employers an the chief boosters for laws to outlaw picketing and the closed shop. The time to guard against corruption and tyranny, is before they shall have gotten hold of us. It is better to keep the wolf out of the fold, than to trust to drawing his teeth and claws after he shall enter.—Thomas Jefferson, from “Notes on Virginia,” 1787 edition. 1 WHY? TT SOMETIMES TAKES a tragedy to bring home the bitter fact that mines are unsafe and that standards are being violated. How many times have we read in the past with hor ror of such disasters as those at Powhatan and Pineville. And now we have the tragedy at Centralia, Illinois. Why? There are many factors involved, and it may be far from easy to provide complete safeguards. But that is an admis sible defense only if it is first established that all reasonable precautions had been taken. The mines have been operating under Government seizure and under Federal safety standards. That in itself means very little for Government operation has been techni cal, not functional. And standards mean very little unless those who actually run the mines apply them. Four months ago Federal mine inspectors had served no tice on the operators that the Centralia mine was unsafe anc that standards were being violated. But the tragic story of this disaster is that over a year ago four miners appealed to Governor Dwight Green to enforce the State Safety laws, warning of the dangers. Three of the four are now dead. Why do mine operators ignore Federal notices? What did the State mine bureau fail to do? These are questions the American public will want answered. What can be done to insure the American people that these calamities can never come back to the coal fields -ostmpasherj (d- IF YOU WANT REAL VALUE- WHY WASTE MONEY? Why accept inferior merchandise and second-rate service? You work hard for your dollars and you’re entitled to the finest values when spending these dollars. If you want to be sure you’re getting all that’s coming to you, make it a rule always to look for the union label, the union shop card and the union service button. These emblems are your guarantee of real value for your dollars and cents. Be a loyal trade unionist and a canny shopper! Don’t spend your union-earned money on trashy merchandise and inferior services. Be wise! Get value-plus for your dollars. Buy union-labeled goods and use union services always. Re fuse substitutes—they just don’t compare! And pass the good word along to your friends. They’ll really appreciate the tip. RICH BONUSES FOR MANAGEMENT WHENEVER A labor union suggests that a big employer should contribute to some kind of welfare fund to care for those of his employes who “crack up” under the strain of modern production, tile cry goes up that the union is imposing an unfair burden on the owners of the property. But how about the managers of the property? They are employes, too. But as “Big Business” is,run in this country, they manage the show—determining how much the owners shall get by way of dividends and how much the managers, or executives, will receive in salaries, pen sions, bonuses. These managers are very generous with themselves. For example, the directors of General Motors ask for an increased bonus for executives. This bonus would start the moment the company earned $1.40 a common share. There fore, 12 per cent of the profits would go into the bonus fund. At present the bonus starts at $1.97 a common share and amounts to only 10 per cent of earnings. The new scheme will give the big fellows an increase of $5,700,000 in bonuses during the coming year, if business keeps up to present standards. How many stockholders of General Motors really had an opportunity to pass on this proposition? We are willing to bet that not more than one in 100. Stockholders are not or ganized. All they are supposed to do is to send in their proxies. What would the daily papers say if a labor union sug gested for the workers anything like this rich bonus scheme for executives “BOB” WAGNER WROTE THE WAGNER BILL £X)L. HEBER BLANKENHORN, economist and writer who served his country with distinction in two World Wars, literally knocked Columnist “Davy” Lawrence out of the ring this week. “Davy” had casually remarked in the Wash ington “Star”: “It is interesting to recall that the Wagner Labor Re lations Act was written by the C. 1. O. lawyers in 1935.” Now it happens that Colonel Blankenhorn was present when the Wagner Act was born and he was there when it was rewritten. Aside from Senator Wagner himself, no one knows more about the law than Blankenhorn. In replying to Lawrence, Blankenhorn pointed out that the Wagner Act was first drafted two years before the C. I. O. came into existence, and Blankenhorn can’t recall any of the drafters “who even in the decade after, C. I. O. lawyer.” Then Colonel Blankenhorn gives Propagandist the finishing touch, says: “Senator Wagner drafted the Wagner Act. as he wrote it, became mohs litigated than any other of the so-called New Deal laws and it has still, after 10 years, a practically perfect record of approval by the courts.” Unfortunately, while BlankSnhorn’s letter was printed by the “Star,” Lawrence’s misleading statement was car ried through the country—deceiving and misleading a lot of good people who really wish to think straight.” KEEP MOTORISTS AND TRAINS APART •IZEEP1NG MOTOR1TST and trains apart is the only way to stop the highway-railroad grade crossing accident,” _obert B. Brooks, chairman of the American Road Builders’ Association committee on railway and highway grade sep arations, recently pointed out. Brooks emphasized that more than one-fourth of such collisions are caused by motorists driving full steam into speeding trains or locomotives. “Motorists and trains can be kept apart only through separation of grades and closing abandoned crossings by law,” he said. Major Brooks, a consulting engineer in St. Louis, said that 1,853 persons were killed and 4,399 were injured in lighway-railroad grade crossings in 1946. During the last 10 years, this type of accident has taken the lives of 17, 537 persons and injured another 45,507, a number equal to the population of a good-sized city. These accidents, along with many other types that brought our highway death toll up to 33,500 last year, can be reduced through modem high way design, he said. In spite of the fact that crossings are protected by gates, watchmen, and various types of signals, 37 percent of such collisions occur at these protected areas, according to the findings of the committee. Many crossings appear so safe that the driver fails to stop, look, and listen. “Elimination of highway-railroad grade crossings wherever feasible as recommended at the President’s High way Safety Conference must not be delayed,” said Major hooks. “Such separations are of vital importance in both our present and long range planning for highway safety when we consider the needless waste of human life and suffering that could be eliminated.” THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, JULY (946 became a Lawrence The law, MY 1947 wi ■llo OHIO nRMrt* rw* IK HK HA WILL COM sf' Bills To Bon "Closed Shop" Poss In 8 States, But Lose In Others Organized labor is still fighting a still battle against anti-union bills in state legislatures, but so far labor has come out on top in at least half the states. Out of 45 legislatures which opened sessions this year, 26 have adjourned. In 13, restrictive bills of one kind or another were enacted —but only eight put through the measure which labor-hating em ployers wanted the most namely, to outlaw the “closed shop.” These eight are Iowa, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, North Dakota, New Mexico and Georgia. Iowa is the latest to join the parade, with Governor Robert D. Blue signing an “anti-union shop” bill. Five others—Florida, Arizona, Nebraska, Arkansas and South Dakota—passed such measures prior to 1947. However, most of the states are delaying enforcement, pending disposition of test suits, launched by labor, challenging constitutional ity of the laws. Hot Fight In California Meanwhile, in California, organized labor—and specifically, rail road labor—waged a struggle on two fronts, against pending anti union bills and also against a proposal to repeal the state’s 36-year-old “full crew law.” Rail unions lost the first round when the Senate, by a vote of 23 to 15, approved the repealer. An amendment was added, empowering the Public Utilities Com mission to order railroads to enlarge crews where deemed necessary, but rail labor spokesmen said this was of little help since the com mission is pretty largely under the influence of the transportation interests. The fight has now shifted to the House, with a vote tentatively scheduled for early in May. Railroad unions have mobilized their forces for a showdown there. Setback In Minnesota Meanwhile, during the past week, one additional state, Minnesota, passed legislation aimed at unions. That was a measure outlawing “secondary boycotts.” It was signed by Governor Luther Youngdahl, after it had been toned down somewhat from the drastic form in which it was originally introduced. However, labor has just emerged with flying* colors in Colorado. There, a coalition of Democrats and liberal Republicans blocked action on a batch of repressive amendments to the state’s so-called “Labor Peace Act.” First passtxl several years ago, that act contained a sweeping collection of shackles for labor, but most of them were knocked out by a court decision in a test case brought by labor. At the current session, anti-labor lawmakers tried to rush through a new set of “t*eth” for the law, including drastic curbs on picket ing, sympathetic strikes and the “union shop.” Opponents, however, mustered sufficient strength to kill the amendments just before adjournment. Earlier, the legislature also rejected a proposed constitutional amendment to outlaw the “union shop.” o- Congress Urged To Slow Up Wrecks The increasing number of shocking railroad accidents has at last aroused the country. Committees on Interstate Commerce of the House and the Senate are being urged to draft safeguarding resolutions. In a vigorous editorial, the St. Louis “Post-Dispatch” declared that “an inexcusable act of negligence caused the deaths of 24 persons and the injury of 138 in a wreck of the Pennsylvania Railroadrs “Red Arrow” and that this tragedy has been followed by “an epidemic of wrecks.” The editorial wound up: “The painful fact is that the railroads are trying to compete in twentieth century speed but with nineteenth century equipment for doing so safely. “Such railroads as want to continue to operate without speedo meters, without two-way radio, without automatic train control and other modern safety safeguards for modern speeds, should resign themselves to jogging along at the leisurely pace to which their equipment entitles them. “If they want to compete with the airlines in speed, they should be required to equip themselves with the devices that will make high speed safe. “In addition, speed limits should be rigorously enforced, regard less of schedules, for no amount of safety equipment can make reck lessness safe.” This was further underscored by a report which the I. C. C. issued i few days ago on the pile-up of a Seaboard Air Line streamliner at Cassett, S. C., on the night of March 22 and a similar wreck last week on the Illinois Central. The Seaboard train was being operated at its scheduled speed of 65 miles an hour when it hit an open switch and was shunted to a side track. The Diesel locomotive and seven cars were thrown off the track. Luckily, no one was killed, but the engineer, baggageman, five mail clerks and nearly a score of passengers were injured. According to the report, there was no warning to the men in the cab until the train was a few hundred feet from the switch. Then the headlight illuminated a red reflector disc on the switchstand. Of course, every effort was made to stop, but at better than mile-a minute speed the distance was not sufficient. More than a year ago the I. C. C. ordered the carrier to install an automatic block signal system, which would have prevented the crash, but it has not done so in that territory. i At the request of the Inkerstate Commerce Commisison, Con gressman Charles A. Wolverton (Rep., N. J.), chairman of the House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee introduced a bill which would not only give the I. C. C. authority to order the installation of safety devices, but would enable it to further promote the safety of workers and passengers by establishing rules, regulations and prac tices with respect to train operations. Also, Congressman Harris Ellsworth (Rep., Ore.) has proposed a measure giving the I. C. C. authority to prescribe rules, standards and instructions for Inspection, maintenanct, repair and construction of track. It now has this authority over signal systems under the Signal Inspection Act. The latest reports from the I. C. C. emphasize the tremendous hazards of the rad industry. The employes are the chief victims. In the first two months of this year 114 were killed in the line of duty and 6,374 were injured. For all of 1946 the toll was 670 killed and 38,324 maimed. o------------------ MINIMUM PAY BOARD SLATED Your legislative agent met with other representatives of labor, in dustry and public organizations Thursday, March 6, to bring minimum wage standards for hotel and restaurant employees up to date. These representatives agreed to nominate members of a new minimum wage board for this industry. The board would then recommend new mini mums to replace those of a mandatory order of March 30, 1937. —■—-———o------------------ On Capitol Hill, it is not uncommon to find a member of Congress who is a lawyer arguing, with a good deal of feeling, against a “closed shop” for workers—even when the employers are entirely agreeable. Know yourself! 2 Thursday, May 8, 1947 Know Yourself■■■'It■■■ By RUTH TAYLOR The one person you can’t dodge is yourself. The one criticism y^ can’t dismiss is that of your own self knowledge. The one charge yl| cannot argue against is that before the bar of your own conscience: The one person you have to live with is yourself., Know yourself and your capabilities. If you spent" as much timfe andl energy trying to live up to what you want to be, as you do putting on a front for the benefit of others, you’d really get some where. In an organization to which I belong, there is one man who knows himself. Everyone looks up to him, for, no matter what the circum stances, they know that he will decide according to what he thinks is right for him to do, with the result that he is always fair to others. There is a great deal of difference between being egotistical and being self-contained—just as great a difference as that between iso lationism, which is the egotism of a nation, and self-sufficiency. One is the front, the other a future. Know yourself and live up to your self. Be yourself. You will feel fear vanishing because you are sure. Be your own master. It isn’t easy, but its rewards are great. Therein lies the only real freedom from fear, because the solution to any and all problems lies within one’s self. Find out what you believe and why. Then you won’t be swayed by momentary emotion or by unreasoning prejudice. You will be sure and secure, able to go ahead because you know where you are going. To be self contained, independent and self-reliant is to belong to one’s self. It means that you will not need to lean on others or to depend on what they can do for you, or to feel that to go ahead must push others aside. And don’t be afraid to change your mind. It doesn’t make difference what your opinion has been—get right. No longer is world .bounded by where we can drive, nor our lives bounded by recreations. We are citizens of a world and that world will be only what we make it but what we ourselves are. 0------------------ HIGH PRICE BALDERDASH Prices, we agree, have to come Gown. Even a lot of the newspapers say so—and then go on sadly to say it can’t be done. Many workers, two, look at the extra dollar a day in their pay envelopes with feelings, and wonder what they have done to the cost of living i getting their wages raised. They, too, have swallowed the line th^r I the high-price-apologists are handing out. With so many people lined up against us, it takes guts to say to I these apologists plainly and clearly, “That’s a lot of bunk.” But the I plain and honest truth is that prices not only have to come down I there is no reason why they can’t come down even though wages have i gone up. Let’s look at three different kinds of evidence: i 1. —IT HAPPENED IN THE PAST. In 1919, the average worker in a manufacturing industry got $22 a week. In 1929, he worked two hours less per week and got $3 more. And the cost of living went up less than 1% in the 10 years. By 1939, hours had dropped even further, but wages were $1.75 a week higher than in 1919, and the cost of living was about 19% lower. In real earnings, 1929 was therefore about 23% better than in 1919, and 1939 was about 18% better than that. Take any other dates and make your own comparison if you don’t like mine. But you’ll find that wages go up while prices go down. And the man who says that it can’t be done either doesn’t know what he’s talking about—or worse. 2. —LOOK WHO SAYS THAT IT CAN BE DONE: Labor, of course. And all through the war and since the war ended, labor has piled up a proud record of calling the turn in these matters. The only trouble is that so few people listen to us. Durfrig 1945 and 1946, when he was still head of OPA, Chester Bowles made speeches on the air and to Congress explaining that wage increases could be made without price increases. The prices went up anyway now they can be cut if those who raised them would be willing to lower them again. Most important of all, in January 1947, President Truman told Congress and everybody else who would listen that prices had to come down, that wages had to go up, and that many industries could do both at the same time. This wasn’t an off-the-cuff remark this was based on months of study by the Council of Economic Advisers. But he wasn’t listened to any more than anybody, else who .has preached the economics of prosperity. 3. —WHAT THE FIGURES SHOW, RIGHT NOW. The figures show clearly and directly that there is in this country a terrific pot of gold to be divided up. This gold is in the huge profits that are beim* V' earned right now. Now, it’s going into the reserves of the corporatio^^ and into the savings of a few families. In 1946, corporation profits after taxes were $12 billion. In 1947 they are running more than 25% higher. Wage increases are making only a small dent in these huge profits. Some writers are surprised to find that profits are highest in i those industries where prices are highest too. That’s really a surprise, isn’t it The figures show, too, that while profits are running about twice as high as they wen* in 1929, the chance to invest money has not increased that fast sifice 1929. The only thing that can be done with the surplus is to pay it back to the people it came from in the first jilace: the workers whose wages were too low, and the consumers who paid prices that are too high. Both AFL and CIO are putting out the figures to show these facts. Even the newspapers give them, if you know where to look. These figures will convince you that you should be yelling for price cuts too. Once you’re convinced, get your brother union members to help you decide what to do about the situation. Here are a few ideas spread the gospel of “hold onto your money untill prices come down.” Go after the laws in your state that keep merchants from cutting prices even when they want to. Get back of the co-op program. Take the credit business away from the banks and credit stores and put it into your own credit union. These things will help to force prices down, and to hold back thd money until it’s going to be needed badly—when our economic sins catch up with us, and we hit the skids. Let’s get busy now. _—------------ o------------------- Anti-Union Propaganda of N. A. M. Is Founded On Fantastic Falsehood “Fifty-seven years ago, the American people approved a power ful Federal law to prohibit business monopoly. Today a new kind of monopoly threatens America’s well-being—labor monopoly.” That quotation from a National Association of Manufacturers’ advertisement sums up the key trategy of the N. A. M. and other foes of organized labor, in their campaign for drastic anti-union legislation. They wish to make the American people and their representatives in Congress believe that: “Big Business’ has been thoroughly strained by law that it no longer flouts the public interest tli^M trusts have been busted that monopolistic corporations are a thing o!^ the past and that the only lion in the path is the “labor monopoly.” This doctrine has. been dinned into the people’s ears for years. Plenty of people beleive it. Yet it is just about the biggest hoax in history. “Business monopoly” is flourishing mote than at any time in our history and there is no such thing as a “labor monopoly.” If anyone imagines that “business monopoly” is not doing busi ness at the same old stand, let him read statements issued this week by two authorities who know the facts: 1—Robert E. Freer, a Republican member of the Federal Trade Commission, which was created by Congress to “police business” and which shares with the Justice Department the job of enforcing the anti-trust laws. In a long article published by a conservative Washington news paper, Freer piled up proof that the 47-year-old Sherman Anti-Trust Act and the 32-year-old Clayton Anti-Trust Act have failed. The Clayton Act, he said, “has ended in complete frustration.” The Sherman Act has not “unscrambled” the trusts, “no matter how great their size and power.” 2—The National Association of Small Business is so worri^^A by the way Big Business is gobbling up Little Business that thU^ week it sent a telegram direct to President Truman, appealing for more money for the Anti-Trust Division of the Justice Department. “For more than half a century,” the telegram said, “the anti trust laws have failed to stop the growth of monopoly in business The penalties provided by the anti-trust laws have been notoriously futile.” There you have the plain truth, from the little business victiifis of monopoly, find from a top official who has long tried to enforce the anti-monopoly laws. What will happen if Congress accepts the N. A. M. propaganda at face value, and passes drastic laws to criple labor unions’ “Business monopoly” will continue to grow more powerful Labor unions will be crippled. Weak unions will face strong employer’organ izations, backed by unlimited funds and free to enforce the and the “yellow dog contract” and to appeal to the courts for the kind of injunction outlawed years ago by the Norris-LaGuardia Art That is what the N. A. M. and other anti-labor propagandists call •‘evening up the balance between workers and employers aiStS Cal1 you any our our not 't t‘.4,?