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Operatim U. .4 w folUtg ifmld OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF TS1 NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTSMI and EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL crery Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P.. owning and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in tho State. fctered at Poetoffice, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20. 1902, sa socond-claM matter. Ao cepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1109, Act of Ortober 18. 1917. authorised August 20. 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL Editor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada ------82.00 President James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 762, E*at Liverpool. Ohio Pint Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Room 216, Broad Street National Bank Buildinar. Trenton 8, New Jersey. Second Vice President Frank .Hull, 2704 E. Florence Ave., Huntlnston Park, Calif. Third Vice President-— James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vlee President Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Vice President..—George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9, New Jersey Sixth Vice President George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Vice President T. J. Desmond. €26 E. Lincoln Way. Minerva, Ohio Eighth Vice President------------------------Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treasurer Chas. P. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Uverpool, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers——— M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ. J. T. HALL Operatives CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, HARRY PODEWELS CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ BERT CLARK. DAt ID BEVAN. CHAS. JORDAN b. DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE ROBERT DIETZ, Sr., W. A. BETZ, RAT BROOKES JAMRSt SLAVEN, THOS. WOOD. ROLAND HOKON FOR A VETO THAT WILL STICK AS WAS ANTICIPATED, the Senate and House conferees have agreed on an anti-union measure which includes all the w’orst features of the Taft bill, adding some addi tional wrinkles to make it even more poisonous, though some of the more obvious crudities of the Hartley bill have been eliminated. The bill is designed to do the maximum of damage to labor unions and the workers’ rights without alienating too many of the Senate votes needed to over-ride a veto. So far from being “moderate,” it is the most vicious possible union-crippling legislation believed to have any hope of passage. This bill would so restrict collective bargaining as to make it practically unworkable.. It strips workers’ efforts to organize of the protection from employer coercion granted by the Wagner Act, and subjects them to crippling government restraint and coer cion. It subjects effective exercise of the right to strike to the will of management and of government acting on behalf of the employers. It revives the federal strikebreaking injunction, mak ing this weapon even sharper than ever before, by consti tuting the government itself as the employers’ agent to pro cure such injunctions. It virtually outlaws union security, promotes company unionism, breaks up industrial unions, and weakens the workers’ bargaining power in a hundred other ways. s Once this bill is finally approved by Congress, the American people will have no recourse, no protection from its tyrannies, except through a Presidential veto. President Truman must veto this shameful measure^ But a simple veto may not be enough to prevent its enactment into law. The anti-labor forces are confident of a two-thirds majority in the House to override a veto and are putting on tremendous pressure to get similar action in the Senate. The President can lie sure of having a veto upheld only if he makes his veto message so sharp and vigorous, and his demand for support so clear to every member of the party he heads, that enough Congressional support will be forth coming. •M. According to Asst. Press Secretary Eben Ayres, the White House received some 40,000 postcards and 20,000 let ters on anti-labor legislation in the first three weeks of May, Hind the volume is steadily increasing. While he would not say what proportion called for a veto, Ayres admitted such requests were in a majority. As the deadline draws nearer, the people’s demand for a vigorous veto of the Taft-Hartley bill must increase still more in volume and insistence. --.................. THE LID’S OFF ACCORDING TO PEOPLE who know about such things, the current Congress is supfiosed to be “economy mind ed.” But, we ask, economy for whom? We begin to think that maybe we don’t know the real meaning of the word “economy” after we read that the Sen ate has just passed a bill which permits landlords to black jack a 15 per cent increase out of tenants. Of course, the law says that this increase can be made only on a “volun tary” basis. Then, the law goerf on to point out that the 15 per cent hike will be permitted only if landlords and tenants agree to a lease that runs at least until December 31, 1948. Brother, it is to laugh, Can’t you just picture your land have your him “no.” lord coming in and asking if you would “like” to rent increased 15 per cent? Go ahead and tell Then s(*e what happens. And this 15 per cent business, is only the £T)S, folks. The law—and the House and Senate versions most identical—will also require that five per cent presently controlled rental areas be decontrolled each There are now alxmt 600 such areas. So, month by rent controls will be coming off and that 15 per cent increase will probably become a minor item. Then comes the pay-off. After February 29, 1948, there will be no rent control whatsoever. Apparently, Congress picked that date just to prove that it knows that next year February has 29 days in it. Gee, we’re smart. We elected an “economy minded” Con gress. TRUE THEN TRUE NOW V1FTY YEARS A(iO the American Federation said: 1 “The workers should lose no time in organizing as com pletely as possible to present a solid phalanx to the enemies of the movement—the only movement which deals with the wage earner’s interest from the wage earner’s standpoint. Tie labor movement is the economic government of the workers, for the workers, by the workers and it is in the light to stay until the day when human justice shall be achieved.” What the Federationist said half a century ago is just as true today. Strong unionization of the workers is basic— there is no substitute for it. k*- ----------------------------+r----------------- .... Before the war six countries had lower infant mortality rates than the U. S. Eighteen or more nations had lower death rates among persons aged 35-64. beginning, are al of the month, month, V* LOBBYISTS HIT BY WISCONSIN PAPER A MERIC ANS HAVE A high opinion of the people of Wis consin. We think of them as energetic, broad-minded, well educated, politically independent. It’s rather disappoint ing, therefore, to read in the Milwaukee “Journal” a detailec story of the way paid lobbyists for various interests dom inate the state legislature in Madison. In Wisconsin, lobbyists must register and from time to time report their compensation and expenses. They may no 1 tell the whole truth, but at least they reveal a part of the picture. The “Journal” had this official information, But it dug up additional facts and proceeds to name names—the legis lators influenced and the lobbyists who influenced them. Their “parties” are described. Their chummy “get-togeth ers” are revealed. Everything is there, except the direct bribes which are undoubtedly also exchanged. Lawmakers don’t go crooked for the sake of a drink.or a good meal. That’s just the start. Unfortunately, what is going on in Madison is probably being duplicated in every state in the Union, and also right here in Washington. In the nation’s capital, the lobbyists’ work is on a gigantic scale, but, unfortunately, publicity laws are woefully defective. .. .. AN ANSWER TO MR. MONRONEY’S PLEA IN A MAGAZINE ARTICLE, Congressman Mike Monroney 1 of Oklahoma makes some startling statements. The in come of 20,000,000 in professional and other white-collar classes, he says, “must be brought up to a level comparable with manually skilled workers “to prevent the starving out of our thinkers and creators.” The Congressman submits an array of statistics to prove his contention. We don’t think the figures would stand a searching analysis. On the workers’ side he picks out those trades which have a high hourly rate, but a limited working year, and he hasn’t made proper allowance for millions of other skilled workers who certainly are as much in need of more money as any group of white-collar workers. However, the point labor started out to make is this: If these professional and other white-collar workers are so superior mentally to the ordinary skilled worker, why haven’t they developed sufficient gumption to organize so as to safeguard their economic rights? Like thousands of other newspaper men, this writer Worked for years on a daily paper where the union men in overalls got more money at the end of the week than the employes in the editorial department, who were decked out in white shirts and stiff hats. The explanation was easy. The men in overalls had sense enough to organize and the “stuffed shirts” in the editorial department felt they “couldn’t afford” to belong to a union. Well, the “stuffed shirts” have changed their minds on that point and they are getting more money now. The other white-collar workers should follow their ex ample and organize unions. “GROWING PAINS” D°?s YOUR CHILD have “growing pains?” They may I be of no consequence. On the other hand, those vague and fleeting pains may be the first warning of rheumatic fever. Other symptoms of this childhood disease are a loss of appetite and failure to gain weight pain and swelling of first one joint and then another, usually accompanied by fever jerky movements of the face, arms and legs, espec ially when the child tries to dress or feed himself and un explained crying spells. Don make the mistake of ignoring these danger sig nals. Take your child to a doctor. Rheumatic fever kills more school age children in the United States than any other disease. Actually, however, the large number of deaths caused by the disease only suggests the size of the problem. For every child who dies of rheu matic fever, there are many more who are attacked by the disease and who do not die of it but have long-drawn-out attacks. Guard against rheumatic fever! To help parents, teachers, and others toward a better understanding of this disease the U. S. Children’s Bureau has prepared a pamphlet called Facts About Rheumatic Fever. Single copies may be obtained free upon request to the U. S. Children’s Bureau, Social Security Administration, Federal Security Agency, Washington 25, D. C. __ COURAGEOUS MAYOR MAYOR WILLIAM O’DWYER of New York is being roundly “cussed out” by employer organizations, daily newspaper and commentators of press and radio because he proclaimed June 4 as a “day of protest to our national auth orities” against enactment of the Taft-Hartley labor control bill. The Mayor backed up his proclamation by speaking at a mass meeting of protest, joining with William Green, George Meany, Senator Wagner and others in roundly con demning the bill. O’Dwyer told the meeting that the bill is a “shot in the arm for totalitarianism” and would bring an other national depression by destroying guarantees of eco nomic stability. Mayor O’Dwyer acted in the best traditions of Ameri can leadership. Instead of being criticized, he should be com mended for his courage in disregarding the clamor of the enemies of labor and publicly leading the workers of a great city in protesting against legislation they regard as wrong and reactionary. Not many other public officials, it is to be feared, will follow his example. By his action, he has earned a place in the affections of organized labor which respects and applauds courage to speak for the right. --------,----------- BRITAIN’S GREAT HEALTH PROGRAM A STOItY FROM LONDON says that if the Labor gov ernment’s plans mature, “every British subject in Eng qnd and Wales will have the right to receive medical atten tion and hospital service.” The cost will be alxiut $608 mil ion. There will lie a separate system for Scotland. The men of the North are “loyal to the Crown,” but they like to run their own affairs. Hospitals “and their endowments” will become the property of the state and an army of doctors, specialists, nurses, dentists and pharmacists will have a chance to be come “civil servants.” That’s the' point where trouble starts. What should be the doctors* part in this new set-up? The Laborites say the doctors themselves will decide. Those who want to go along will probably be paid a salary, plus fixed fees. Those who desire to be independent may find clients among those able to pay. Perhaps one of the most encouraging developments is that the Labor government insists there shall be nothing “totalitarian” about the system. It is good to find these daring architects of a new day recognizing that, however im portant the reform may be, democracy comes first. It’s a great experiment, one of the most significant in listory. There will be plenty of rough spots on the road to success, but if all sides cooperate, something very fine may result. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO j. CAVIL-CADE By LES FINNEGAN You won’t believe this but nevertheless it’s true. Fifteen minutes before the House of Representatives voted 320 to 79 for the Taft-Hartley slave-labor bill, Rep. Clare Hoffman (R., Mich.) got up to make a speech. Congress’ No. 1 labor-hater violently attacked the bill be cause it didn’t go half far enough—because the legislation failed to destroy the labor movement entirely. The jam-packed House stated open-mouthed at Hoffman as he concluded with this incredible state ment: “When.this bill is signed by the President you will find Lee Pressman, counsel for the CIO, and Joe Padway, counsel for the AFL, holding a champagne dinner in celebration of their great victory be cause, in my opinion, it gives the racketeers, extortionists, and am bitious political leaders in the unions additional power which they should not have.” Let’s all give three loud “Heil Hoffmans!” before the men in the white coats arrive. It was evident from the Senate debate on the Taft anti-labor bill that there are some truly extraordinary minds among our Con gressmen. And we’re not thinking just of the two Congressmen who swore at each other and almost got into a fist fight over a bill to pro claim the Week of April 13 “National Courtesy Week.” The all-time Congressional record for sheer brain-power was chalked up by Sen. Elbert Thomas (D., Utah) on May 26 when he told Congress, “I am a product of the American jublic school system. I went to kindergarten and I finished a Ph. D. It took a long time and I did other things. "Between Jan. 3 and May 31 a total of 5778 bills were introduced in Congress. One of these was offered last week by Rep. James Beall (R., Md.) who lost his shirt in a Washington laundry. While the tax bill was being debated, while the Italian treaty was being discussed, while federal appropriations were being fought over, Rep. Beall drew up legislation requiring District of Columbia laundries to make good on lost wash. ^Congress last week its consistency. In 1923 the..House of Representatives unanimously passed an appropriation of $5000 to help pay the exnenses of the 17th international convention of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. The WCTU, of course, lives only to put the Prohibition Act back on the books. So, here comes the big chance By passing the Taft-Hartley Bill Congress rubbed out the Wagner Act. No, by every precept of logic, we can expect Con gress to appropriate $5000 to the American labor movement to hold a convention urging that the Wagner Act be put back on the books. For sheer unmitigated gall you’ve got to hand it to Sen. Robert Taft. This Ohio Republican, who wants to be president, fought tooth and nail against President Truman’s demand that price controls, be continued. Taft had his way but despite his prediction that prices would go down they continued upward. So last week this presidential hopeful summoned reporters and criticized President Truman for not “talking” more on the subject of keeping prices down. Taft steam rollered his union-wrecking bill thru the Senate, but after that per formance the odds are five-to-one that next year he’ll turn with in jured surprise and want to know how could the American labor move ment fail to support him—the best friend the workingman ever had— for the presidency. And when the first big strike occurs Taft will inquire in anguish, “how can they do that to me when my legislation look away any possible reason they might have to strike?” 1LET-THE-DEAD BURY-THEIR-DEAD-DEPARTMENT The following two War Department actions came on the same day—in fact, within five hours of each other: 1—Secretary of War Patterson announced that War Department policy is opposed to legislation to end race segregation in the armed forces. 2—Secretary of War Pat terson issued a directive ending race segregation in the nation’s mili tary emeter ies. We brooded for several days last week over the statement of Dean 8. C. Lind, of the University of Minnesota, that “The ordinary atom bomb is nothing compared to the atom bomb in reverse.” According to the Dean, atomic fusion—the reverse of atomic fission—would firoduce “enough power to blow up all the world’s troubles in one inale.” We were still brooding about it on June 3 when we came across an editorial on atomic power in the Communist Daily Worker. It was titled “The Product of Mysteria,” and it apparently affected one of the editors so powerfully that he illustrated it with a picture of the Bikini explosion upside down. Only people who don’t know how to read the Daily Worker could miss the stubtie significance. Another absolutely amazing coincidence occurred on May 21 when the Daily Worker shrieked editorially about 28 stoolpigeons who were found in the Communist Party. Stoolpigeons menace the Communist Party, apparently, because according to the editorial “Only worms have to work their way into the Communist Parts.” That was May 21. On May 22, Rep. James T. Patterson (R., Conn.) got the metaphor mixed up even worse. He read into the Congressional Record a report titled, “Nine Hundred Thousand Elks Fight Un-American Activities.” You had to read down quite a bit to discover that they were not the kind of “Elks” herded by William Z. Foster, nor even the kind that make hatracks. They were the fraternal order of Elks who would give a pretty penny to get their hands on the guy who first started calling Communists “Elks.” Justice works in inscrutable ways in Washington. A former Con gressional sergeant-at-arms was given a prison sentence of from one to three years for making away with $120,000 of Congressional money. In another court 200 yards away in the nation’s capital a Negro youth changed with forging $2000 worth of checks was sen tenced to serve from one-and-one-half to four years, and another young man drew three to nine years for simple robbery. 1 Instead of a picket line, employes of the Arthur Murray Dance Studios in New Vork formed a conga line and danced up and down the sidewalk in protest against Murray’s refusal to bargain with the union. That’s good, but not quite as good as the union steeplejack in California who pulled a sitdov#) strike on top of a IRO-foot clnmnev. When the management threatened to build a fire in the boiler to smoke him off his perch im aroused citizenry threatened to tear the boiler apart with their bare hands. i Labor Isn’t the only group critical of American radio. The presi dent of the Camp Fire Girls got angry last week at “blood-and-thun der” serials for the nation’s kids. The radio industry had a snappy comeback for that, however. They quoted Dr. Iago Galdston, of the N. Y. Academy of Medicine, who slapped down the Camp Fire Girls with the retort that children basically had “murder in their hearts” and “The view that radio serials are likely to corrupt these little savages is not to be taken in earnest.” To the barricades, doctors! The little savages are upon us! we* District of Columbia laundries to make good was given the chance of a lifetime to prove it threw out the Prohibition Act. Last week J. 1• By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT (An 1LNS Feature) V Failure of the business and labor press to understand each other’s problems and contribute, each in its way, to a better industrial atmos phere has come in for a good deal of public lambasting. Much of this criticism is sound, but, as this column recently observed, wide off th| mark as far as labor is concerned. e Which leads us to Peter Edson, a writer for the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain, who has decided views on the subject. Taking tho leading publications of both the NAM and the CIO to task for what he rightly describes as pen poison journalism he writes: “Labor and management aren’t going to get along any better If they keep jawing at each other in this kind of cheap journalism. .Good newspapers today know that they have to 'give both sides. If an editor follows a conservative policy, he hires a liberal columnist or two. And vice versa. Presenting both sides of an argument is the best way to help the public decide what is best. The greatest im provement which the labor press could make would be to make some boss a guest contributor every issue. The greatest improvement the managerial press could make would be to hire some good labor ex* ponent as a columnist.” To be sure, neither side seriously entertains the notion of throw ing its press columns open to the mutterings of the other fellow, no matter how well they may fit into the framework of a well function ing society. For all that the idea sounds cockeyed, it is really a good one, and Edson is not wrong by concluding: “If adopted, there might be some possibility that some day labor and management might begin to understand that they have a common problem and the only way they’re going to solve it is *by working together.” Great Britain’s forty-sixth annual Labor Party Conference took place in Margate under none toe inspiring auspices. This has been a hard year. Hopes for a return to stable and normal economic condi tions have failed to materialize. Though the legislative achievements I of the Labor Government have been impressive—their long range I significance and effects remain to be seen—the other side of the I ledger shows recurrent shortages, darkening foreign skies, and a I crisis mood which expresses itself in an increasing number of un official strikes and decreased production. There will be ample time to digest the results of the Margate conference. Meantime it is interesting to sample the mood of the British workers through two voices which have much to say on sub jects that are also of great concern to American labor. Quickies, or unauthorized strikes, were singled out for a slashing attack by George Isaacs, Labor Minister in the Attlee Government Said this old trade unionist at the annual gathering of Shipbuilding and Engineering Unions in Dundee, Scotland: “Most of these unofficial strikes have taken place in a sphere of our national life where they didn’t hurt the bosses at all but hurt the people who are depending upon these services. To try to win th? strike against their officials’ advice by the punishment of women and children is not trade unionism as I understand it. There must be some evil machinations at work.” These evil machinations, it should be noted, are in no small measure the work of the British Communists. Though they are only a handful and without political or economic influence of any kind, they are doing everything in their power to embarrass British trade unionism. The Communist party, by the way, held a one-day confer ence in Margate for the purpose of getting in the first word and coaching the fellow travelers at the Labor Party Conference. The other truly constructive message came from the Labor Party executive board which called upon all party and union members to exert themselves to the utmost, for “the future of Britain and the people’s faith in socialism depends upon the nation’s capacity to achieve higher production.” In an eight-point outline the national party leadership also urged the members to root out inefficiency, develop and use joint production committees and other agencies for management-labor ©cooperation, and to strive for close collaboration between trade unions and party branches. The emphasis of the Labor Party on socialism and national plan ning, together with decisions of the Margate Conference on the same subjects, deserves further comment. o--------------- Legislative News From The Ohio ■^-State Federation Of Labor™* i Your President and Brother Phil Hannah called upon Governor Thomas Herbert to discuss anti-labor legislation now pending before the General Assembly of Ohio. Every possible effort was made impress Governor Herbert with the dangers of enacting hastily-pre pared laws designed to harm Ohio workers. We reviewed all of these bills, pointing out to the Governor the disastrous effect this legislation would have on all of our affiliated organizations. The Governor indicated that h»* would give careful con sideration to the objections raised by the State Federation. Committee Decision On Public Employes In spite of strong convincing arguments presented by representa tives of the Federation in opposition to the proposed legislation pro hibiting public employes in Ohio from striking, the House Industrial Relations Committee by a vote of 8 to 6 voted out and recommended for passage Senate Bill 261. While several amendments were adopted, which extracts some of the viciousness from the measure, still leaves the bill unsatisfactory. Your Legislative Agent spoke in opposition to this measure. One amendment, reduces the probation period of five years (in the original bill) to one year. Another, changes the time a person cannot receive increased com pensation from three years to six months. Still another amendment provides for an appeal to the court of common pleas. Those voting for the bill (against labor) were: Paul R. Barnes, Don M. Duncan, Virgil Perrill, Harry D. Bellis, Clifton L. Caryl, Harold F. Stotzer, Mark W. Bennett, John H. Kowalk. Those voting against the bill (for labor) were: Francis J. Heft, G. D. Tablack, John R. Wood, Thomas Rose (Hamilton), Anna F. O’Neil, John L. Woodard. Agreed Workmen’s Compensation* Passed The House of Representatives have passed the Workmen’s Com pensation measure (AM. S. B. 262) by a vote of 122 to 0. This unani mous approval was given the bill after a very able presentation by Rep. Robert Anglin (R. Jefferson). This is one of the most impor tant measures on the Federation's legislative program. Reverse Compensation The House Committee on Taxation has recommended the employ ers’ unemployment compensation bill (AM. S. B. 112). Efforts by organized Labor to have amendments adopted giving additional bene fits to workers were turned down. This bill which was written for the benefit of the employers, contains not one additional benefit for the unemployed workers whom the bill was supposed to cover. “No-Strike” Bill Heard The fact that hearings may be called on a moments notice proven last week when the Senate Commerce and Labor Committee had a hearing on S. B. 302. Your Legislative Agent was present and opposed this measure which denies workers in public utilities the right to strike. Another hearing may be called on short notice. From all indications the General Assembly will wind up its work ing sessions at the end of the coming week—PLEASE KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK BY CONTACTING YOUR REPRESENTATIVES. Other Legislation The House Industrial Relations Committee has recommended for passage H. B. 77 introduced by Rep. Hiner. This is a Federation bill to authorize appropriation and expenditure of money by cities, towns, and villages for Labor Day Decorations. H. B. 108—Mrs. Gorman has been referred to the Committee on Industrial Relations. This is the Federation’s Wage and Hour bill. Am. S. B. 217—A bill to strengthen the General Code relative to the minimum wage for employment, and hours of part time work for minors has been recommended for passage by the Senate Commerce and Labor Committee. The Federation has urged enactment of this measure. By a vote of 6 to 4 the House Committee on Organization r*x State Government ordered H. B. 462 tabled. This measure relative^ wages and hours of all employees of the state of Ohio was vigorously''' pushed by the State, County and Municipal Employes’ Union and the Ohio State Federation of Labor. Kowalk Bill Recommended: The Senate Commerce and l^abor Committee has reported H. B. 349 out and recommended its passage. This bill relaxes limitations on hours of labor and kinds of work permitted for women and minors. Organized Labor has put forth united and determined efforts to pre vent this highly undesirable legislation from pa sing. In a surprise move, the Senate Judiciary Committee has reported out and recommended for passage two anti-labor bills. They are: AM. H. B. 319—Collins (R. Ironton), which would reduce a worker’s right to sue for wages coming to him, from 3 years to 2 years. The original bill called for the reduction from 3 to 1 year. Sub. S. B. 255 which has the same effect as the original bill—to open the way for harassine court suits by labor-hating employers. s 1947 Thursday, June 12, NEWS and VIEWS I .J.