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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 12, 1947, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1947-06-12/ed-1/seq-5/

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I* 1 Thursday, June 12, 1947 ./
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Washington (LPA)—The news-1
Trint shortage, which has victim
ized labor, religious and other
smaller papers, exploded into a
major wartime scandal last week
in: 1—Congressional testimony: 2
—increasing evidences of monopoly
practices in Canada and, 8—profi
teering in newsprint on an unpre
cedented scale.
The charges of labor editors .and
their publishing plants that profi
teering has been the real reason
why they have had to cancel is
sues or reduce the number of pages
were more than verified in last
week’s revelations.
Newsprint which had a pre-war
selling price of $50-a-ton is still
selling at $200-a-ton in the black
market. (This charge by labor edi
tors was admitted last week by the
N. Y. Journal of Commerce.)
The Wall Street Journal, which
recalled that in the 1920-1921 news
print shortage, prices went to $250
$300 a ton, declared editorially
“that what the Canadians are do
ing has all the earmarks of a
monopoly arrangement .” More
than 80% of all U. S. newsprint
this year will come from Canada.
The payoff for labor editors who
have been subjected to price-goug
ing for the past two years came
last week when Samuel Galewitz,
New York paper dealer, admitted
iL.to a special House committee in
|K Tvestigating the newsprint shortage,
that he made more than $1,000,000
profit on 10,500 tons of newsprint
that cost him about $800,000.
Galewitz, vice-president of the
Clinton Paper Co., turned a beau
tiful profit when he bought a total
of 10,500 tons of newsprint at
$82.50 a ton and then sold it to
Wm. K. Friedman, of New York,
at $160 a ton. To climax the profi
teering deal, Friedman sold the
paper to the Miami Herald at $170
to $180 a ton. Members of the Con
gressional committee were told by
their counsel, however, that the
Herald had paid $186 a ton. They
estimated that the newsprint pro
duced a profit of $103 a ton of $1,
086,750 for the lot.
Justice, semi-monthly of the Int’l
Ladies Garment Workers-AFL, and
other labor papers were jeopardiz-
I HIM n W II
ttbttOOMMWW OB Wtj
THE SUN SHINES—THE
GROUND IS WARM
it Now is the time to plant U
your lawn for a lush carpet
u k ing of grass this summer. 1
•f'j Here ^you wiH find the*’
Xit sentials of a fine lawn.
Old English Lawn Seed
LOMA—The All-Purpose
ji Fertilizer
JI
IS u
John, Greta, Betty, Jack i
?-J
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A
LABOR PRESS GYPPED
BY PROFITEERING IN
NEWSPRINT PRICING
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‘1
WHAT’S A FASCIST? “I
wouldn’t know a fascist if I had
one by the tail,” s^jd Rep. Richard
H. Vail (R., HL), member of the
House committee on unAmerican
activities, as he announced that fas
cism was no menace in the U. S.
It took him and another commit
tee member just 10 minutes to de
cide fascism wasn’t worth an inves
tigation. Vail’s the man who re
cently called the Taft-Hartley bill
a measure “for the emancipation of
the man of labor.” (Federated
Pictures).
ed by the Clinton deals. Francis
J. Mclntee, of Consolidated Color
Press Inc., of New York, which
prints Justice, had previously testi
fied that Galewitz at first refused
to deliver paper and then billed him
at the rate of $115 a ton instead
of the mill price of $84 plus $3.50
trucking charge in mid-January.
•‘Inquiry of Galewitz,” said Mcln
tee, '“resulted in a ‘take it or leave
it’ attitude. He stated that inas
much as he hud customers willing
to pay $200 per ton “I was un
reasonable!” After Mclntee sent
the Senate Committee on Small
Business a letter on his plight, he
testified “From that day on I
haven’t received a pound of paper
from Clinton except that earmark
ed for specific issues and billed to
my publisher customers. He just
cut me off. He told me that he
didn’t plan to ship me any more
paper.”
Galewitz, under Congressional
subpoena last week, protested that
his million dollar deal wasn’t “prof
iteering.” Blandly he told the com
mittee “A normal profit is what
ever you can get whatever the
market will bear.”
He was told off by Rep. Brown
(R,. Ohio) who charged, “You and
I know that $160 a ton was an ex
orbitant price, far above the regu
lar going price. We think it is time
the American people know who is
playing the game on the up and up.
I think you are not.”
Why don’t they put Dunninger
on Information, Please?
Wanted for a Vitrified China Plant First
class Mouldmaker who can block and case
and take charge of Mould Shop. Good op
portunity for right man. Write giving full
particulars to Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio.
ACTUAL charges for 500 cOnsectU
tive funerals conducted by the
DAWSON Funeral Home are as
follows 7'
10% Were Under $150
9% Were Under $800
50% Were Under $500
81% Were Over $500
DflWSOri Funeral Home
-S0MUCH.:./onoiita^
ZU .Wot Fifth Strut Phow Mala W
Senator Says
Veto Certain
1 Makes Prediction 4
After Conferences.
Washington (LPA Exclusive)—
President Truman will definitely
ignore the recommendations of a
majority of his cabinet and veto
the Taft-Hartley slave-labor bill.
That was the flat prediction
made here last week by a pro
labor Senator following a confer
ence with the President.
“Truman has already made up
his mind,” said the Senator who
could not let his name be used.
“And you can discount those stories
about Truman going to make a
’thorough study’ of the bill as soon
as it reaches him officially. He had
made a thorough study of it him
self even before the House or Sen
ate voted on it.”
The Senator who went to the
White House with a dozen lengthy
petitions against the bill by non
labor groups thruout his state, de
clared,
Truman is a man who doesn’t
hide his feelings e‘asily. Sometime
you can get a warm reception and
sometimes it’s cool. He knew what
I was going to talk about and his
greeting was unusually pleasant,
even gay. He was definitely inter
ested in the petitions. He was in
terested also in my contention that
Hartley didn’t know what he was
talking about when he said the ma
jority of labor was for the bill. And
my petitions showed that there’s
absolutely no basis for saying that
the majority of professional and
business people are for the bill.”
Truman like Roosevelt has a long
memory, the Senator said, and he
still thinks that some labor lead
ers ganged up on him last year.
He hasn’t forgotten that grievance
but he still considers himself a
good friend of labor and said so,
the Senator continued.
“There’s one more thing you can
put down as a fact,” the Senator
declared. “Truman is paying no at
tention to the Republican inspired
pressure campaign which says, in
effect, that he might as well go
ahead and sign the bill because or
ganized labor will have no where
else to go in the next elections.
Truman knows without our telling
him that if he signs the bill and
it becomes a tweedledum-tweedle
dee choice between the Republicans
and Democrats for labor, well, la
bor will stay away from the polls
by the millions and that would in
sure a clean Republican sweep in
Congress and a Taft or Dewey in
the White House.”
In the House of Representatives
nearly a score of Democratic Con
gressmen expressed varying de
grees of hope and confidence that
Truman would veto the bill. Only
one House member, however, made
the flat prediction that Truman
would turn thumbs down. He was
the veteran campaigner for labor’s
cause, Rep. Adolph Sabath (D.,
Ill.) who has served longer in Con
gress than any other man. During
the closing minutes of debate, Sab
ath told the crowded House, “I am
certain that the President will veto
this bill.”1
Make Price
(Continued From Pit One)
the death of Bro. Ebenezer Wilson
on May 21st. He had been off
work for about a year but the end
came unexpectedly. Our very sin
cere sympathy is extended to his
wife and family. Flowers were sent
from the Contingent Fund and also
by those who worked with him.
We are sorry to report interest
at the meetings has fallen off since
the main objective has *been ac
hieved for another year. The ma
jority of our members feel it is
time something should be done
about it. Perhaps a little fine for
the non-attenders might tend to re
lieve the situation, but we would
far rather have your presence than
your money.
William Shingleton and Lester
Watson have come to us recently
from Mannington, and many new
members are being welcomed each
week.
Milton Guhl, one of our older
foremen was retired recently and
Bro. Roy Gooch advanced to the
foremanship. We wish them both
the best we can, a happy retire
ment and success in the new posi
tion.
During July and August you
will only be able to attend meet
ings twice a month, the second
and fourth Friday. Please mark
this change on your calendar.
The time is drawing near for the
election of local officers and it is
most important that you do your
duty. Two conferees are also elect
ed every six months. The local de
pends on each one of us for all its
activities.—O. C. 45.
Members Of 130
(Continued From Page One)
and make it a full day at the picnic
on Saturday, June 14th.
Let’s show the picnic committee
that we appreciate their efforts
and that we know how to get our
“enjoys” out of a picnic. Ah! even
now I can smell that special “pic
nic coffee” brewing over a wood
fire.—0. c. 130.
Output Highest Tn Tears
The union committeeman, the La
bor Director of the National Coal
Board for the Area, and a coal
face worker spoke together from
the same platform along with Mr.
Stan Awbery, Member of Parlia
ment and chairman of the Trans
port & General Workers* Group
(Mr. Ernest Bevin’s union) in the
House of Commons. t.
“We hit our 6-day target in 4*Z
days,” said Mr. Harold Heath, the
union committeeman at the Whit
field Pit, the fifth largest in Brit
ain. “A thousand of our men saw
‘The Forgotten Factor’ last Week.”
Stating that the new spirit in the
mines had not only enabled the
miners to exceed their target, but
also to give one of the largest pro
portional rises in the country. Mr.
Tom Collier, Labor Director for the
Area, said, “If the Coal Board
would send this play round the
country, their problems would be at
an end. A week ago I told our peo
ple that with the help of the
spirit of this play the 5-day week
would succeed, and that our area
would give the country a lead.
Now, in 5 days, more coal has come
from the pits than in any other
week for many years.”
Hard Battle Still Ahead
This is hearteninng for Prime
Minister Attlee and his colleagues
who had taken the courageous step
of vastly improving the lot of the
British miner by first decreasing
the working hours and bettering
conditions, while desperately need
ing increased coal production to
save the country. Output is defi
nitely going up, but the battle is
still far from won. It is a race
with time as well as a struggle
against nature and human nature.
Next winter’s reserve coal sup
plies must be increased. This week
at a special meeting of the Na
tional Joint Advisory Council con
sisting of representatives of The
British Employers Confederation
and the Trade Union Congress, it
was made clear that they regard
ed the Government’s present target
of 200,000,000 tons as too low. The
task now is to maintain the new
energy and teamwork—and “The
Forgotten Factor” is designed for
that very job. It shows how a new
incentive can be a constant force in
the lives of the masses in indus
try, and it is doing this with great
er effect than speeches or bill
boards.
Bitterness Of Years Healed
Creating scenes unprecedented in
the history of the Queen’s Hall in
Burslem, where the play was given
on the invitation of the National
Union of Mineworkers (North Staf
fordshire), thousands of miners
from 21 pits crammed into every
seat and corner of. the building.
Union leaders, managers, colliery
and Coal Board officials were there
all together, with their wives end
families.
Typical of the entirely new "Out
look which came through seeing the
play, was the change in one offi
cial. The union secretary said of
him, “We’d fought each other for
15 years, but now we cooperate in
the best way.” Asked if this had
happened since he had seen “The
THE POTTERS HERALD. EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO ..
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London, England Mr. Harold
Lockett, president of the National
Union of Mineworkers (North
Staffordshire Area), announced to
an enthusiastic audience here in
the Westminster Theater, how the
idea of teamwork given in the
American MRA play “The Forgot
ten Factor” had proved effective in
helping British miners break pro
duction records during the first his
toric week of the Labor Govern
ment’s 5-day week. ..
“Our miners produced an in
crease of 6,067 tons over the pre
vious week, despite the fact that
they worked one day less,” he de
clared amid cheers. “It is most re
markable this should occur on the
week after ‘The Forgotten Factor’
had been to our coalfield, when
somewhere in the region of 7,COO
saw the play.”
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....... WHAT’S SO FUNNY, JOE?—House Speaker Joseph Martin (R.,
Mass.), wears a big, broad grin as he signs the tax reduction bill be
fore sending it on to Pres. Truman for approval. Spawned by the
GOP-NAM antilabor alliance-that wrecked OP A aijd dreamed up the
slave labor measure, the tax eut bill is of a similar stripe. It helps big
business.—(Federated Pictures).
British Midlands Miners
Top Production Target
In First Five-Day Week
I
I
Forgotten Factor,” the secretary
replied, “Yes, that’s since I saw
the play but more so since he (the
official) saw it.”
The union secretary’s son had
transferred to another pit because
he could not get along with the
official. Now the official is so
changed that the son asked for a
transfer back again!
Cast Guest Of Miners
The miners and colliery officials
climaxed the week by having the
cast of “Forgotten Factor” as their
guests at a special reception. Sup
per was prepared and served by the
wives of the branch secretaries and
managers. Fourteen secretaries of
the Miners’ Union were present.
Replying to the miners on be
half of the cast, Dr. Paul Campbell
of Detroit said, “This is the hap
piest week I have spent since com
ing to Britain a year ago. I have
felt within these 5 days that there
is hope for this country. People are
going short for food today because
there is a shortage of caring.
“Dr. Buchman, whose work in
spired this play you have just seen,
says, ‘if everybody cares enough,
and everybody shares enough, then
everybody will have enough.’ That
is the economics of the heart and
you have it here. I believe we in
this city are on the point of des
tiny. We can produce the evidence
that can shake the country and the
world.”
AFL Seafarers Seek
Coast Guard Ouster
Washington (LPA)—The Seafar
ers Int’l Union-A FL last week pre
sented Congressional testimony as
sailing proposals to extend the con
trol of the Coast Guard over mer
chant seamen.
The SIU’s 90,000 members, who
fell under the CG’s jurisdiction
during wartime, attacked pending
legislation which would empower
CG officials to serve as judge and
jury in the cases of merchant sea
men charged with infractions of
regulations.
The SIU told Congress that with
the end of the war the Navy re
turned the Coast Guard to the
Treasury Dep’t but the CG refused
to turn the Merchant Marine back
to the Commerce Dep’t.
“There is a very good reason
for this attitude,” declared the
SIU. During the war, the CG be
came top heavy with admirals, cap
tains, commanders, and lieutenant
commanders. Some of these people
are desirous of holding on to their
positions, knowing full well they
could not get comparable salaries
and conditions in civilian life as
they receive by being officers in
the CG.
“More brass in the CG means
that they must find some excuse to
justify keeping these officers in
the service. All this means that
the taxpayers will be required
to spend unnecessary millions of
dollars because not only are these
extra officers required, but likewise
a full office force must be main
tained, such as stenographers and
clerks, all of which has heretofore
been handled by the Commerce
Dep’t at a fraction of what it would
cost if the CG took over.” I
Our failure to' write’more per
sonal letters is due to embarrass
ment because our life is so dull—
You Can See the Cream
ALWAYS USE
CREAM TOP
Milk Bottles
THEY ARE SANITARY
Used Exclusively By
Golden Stor
Dairy
Phone 3200
A -7, -r.i
Comment On
World Events
The problem of how to stop
Russian Communist aggression is
again sharply to the fore as a re
sult of the seizure of power in
Hungary by a Communist-controll
ed government. Basic to checking
Communism’s spread is a strong
and democratic Germany, a fact re
peatedly pointed out in this col
umn.
Germany’s vital importance in
the building of a dam against fur
ther Communist advance is set
forth in a cogent article by Matt
hew Woll, American Federation of
Labor vice president and chairman
of the AFL International Labor
Relations Committee. In a new fea
ture starting in the International
Free Trade Union News, published
by the AFL Free Trade Union
Committee, Woll does a fine job of
analyzing the key question in world
reconstruction—Germany.
Woll declares there can be no
economic stability in the Western
world with the economic recon
struction of that part of Europe
which has not been over-run by
the Russians. “The key to such re
construction is the rebuilding of
the economy and productive capac
ity of Germany,” he says.
“Whether a sound approach to
Germany’s economic problem will
be applied depends primarily on
the United States,” Woll empha
sizes. “In her present economic
plight,” he continues, “Great Brit
ain is in no position to bike the
inititative. It is high time we real
ized that it is in America’s own
economic and political interest to
achieve the economic reconstruc
tion of Germany and Europe. There
is no other way to stop the engulf
ing tide of totalitarian Commun
ism.”
Furthermore, Woll points to the
all-important fact that “the eco
nomic recovery of W’estern and
Central Europe is most vital to
the prevention of a serious depres
sion in the United States.”
“A program for the economic re
construction of Germany, to be
sound, must be based on the prin
ciple that this rebuilding shall be
done by the Germans themselves
and under German leadership,”
Woll continues. “Any other ap
proach would inevitably mean a
struggle between conflicting for
eign influences and interests with
in the German economy. Such a
struggle would prevent rather than
promote the reconstruction of Eu
rope, and would deeply discourage
the German people, who cannot
be expected to approve or accept
for long a quasi-colonial status.”
Woll comes out strongly for an
independent democratic government
in the part of Germany not oc
cupied by the Russians.
“The best way to counteract
Russian maneuvers,” he says, “the
most effective way to insure the
necessary economic recovery of
Germany and to develop a demo
cratic Germany (which will be ca
pable of resisting the virus of
Communism or any other totalitar
ianism) is to take immediate steps
for the establishment of a sov
ereign German state in the present
western zones.
“The constitution of this Ger
man state should be decided upon
by the German people themselves.
All attempts to impose upon the
German people a solution of the is
sue of federalism versus central
ism in this state structure should
be abandoned and unsound and un
democratic.
Woll hails the recent action of
the American Military Government
in revising its policy to provide
that the German people should be
given primary responsibility for
running their own affairs, “in ord
er that they may practice and,
thereby, learn democracy.”
UNION WAR DEAD HONORED
New York City (ILNS).—Five
hundred members of Knitgoods
workers Union, Local 155, Inter
national Ladies’ Garment Workers*
Union, attended ceremonies at
Cooper Union for the unveiling of
a plaque in honor of 10 members
of the local killed during the war.
An Army honor guard from Gov
ernors Island was present. The
plaque will be placed at the local’s
headquarters in Brooklyn.
Please don’t rest your weight on
my shoulder—I may tumble.
Demand For Union Products
Relied Upon To Aid Future
Progress Of Labor's Cause
Organized labor in America, in
the face of legislative crimps in its
pattern of progress, appears to be
turning more and more to coopera
tive efforts.
The prime basis of cooperation
between union members is the in
sistent demand by one and all for
union-made products and union
services of all kinds—including, of
course, services in the service
trades and in the building trades.
This movement is now growing
generally among all organized la
bor, and several unions—like the
AFL’s United Hatters—for one ex
ample are spending substantial
sums on educational campaigns.
Spearhead! z the drive, however,
is the Union Label Trades Depart
ment of the American Federation
of I^abor, under the leadership of
I. M. Omburo, and the depart
ment’s bartered Label League* in
many e n munities, and the various
state and city central labor bodies.
It is pointed out that about a third
of all wage earners are union
members and, if these members
and their families would always
demand union products and union
services of all kinds, wk'never
making a purchase or ha.. .g a
service performed, the effect could
be quite helpful to all of organ
ized labor.
As one 1 al example, wk'
could be duplicated in other curn
muniti*s, there are in Washington,
D. C., metropolitan area about
175 labor organizations, with near
ly 200,000 member'. These irfn
•ers and their families, it is Fa id,
constitute about half of the total
population of the Washington area.
But, most important, these union
members and their families earn
and spend over $10,000,000 every
week in the Washington area! If
all of these peopple would insist
upon union-made products and
union services of all kinds, ac
cepting no substitutes, it is quite
evident that this great economic in
fluence could be of far-reaching
value to the entire labor movement.
Slogans Help Drive
So, in local communities and na
tionally, the educational drive in
behalf of union label products and
union services is now gaining mo
mentum. Aside from the presenta
tion of favorable facts to union
members, to the general public, to
employers in all lines and to mer
chants generally, many slogans—
most of them originating with the
AFL’s Union Label Trades Depart
ment—are becoming more familiar
—and more meaningful.
These include such n s: Buy
PAGE FIVB
7PW V.
POKED PICKET Accused of
hitting a striking member of the
Retail Clerks Int’l. Assn. (AFL)
while crossing a picketline outside
the Los Angeles department store
where he’s employed as a minor
executive, John Roosevelt, son of
FDR, appears at the city attorney’s
office. The poked picket wants him
charged with assault and battery.
—(Federated Pictures).
GARMENT WORKERS
GET RAISE
Boston.—A “first” contract has
just been signed here between em
ployes of the Warhauser and
Frank Co. and members of the In
ternational Ladies’ Garment Work
ers’ Union (AFL). Across-the
board wage increases of 10 percent
have been won, a health and vaca
tion fund, a standardized work
w»-ek, and fringe increases to elimi
nate inequities due to the section
work system.
Uni-r as you get paid Union! and,
“Practice what you prea h, de- 5
mand union goods and union serv
ives if you desire union wages.”
Litera’ly scores of si slogans
have came to my attention, but I’lli
quote just one more. It ns a play'd
on the “Golden Rule” and seems to
fit. This is it: “Buy union made\
good and services from others, as*
you would have others pay union
wages unto you.”
RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has
seen fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brother Willard Gamble, respected and admired for his
fellowship and character, and
W’hereas, We, the members of Local Union 144, Cam
bridge, Ohio, recognize the loss of this brother and shall
cherish and respect the memory of his pleasant manner and
as evidence of sympathy and esteem, it is hereby further,
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to his
family, a copy of this resolution be published in our official
journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes
of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also
that our charter be draped in mourning for a period of
thirty days.
FRANK CLARK,
Recording Secretary,
Local Union No. 144.
FOR A CHANGE, SERVE
BETSY ROSS SLICED VIENNA
mt,
Enriched with Vitamin and Iron
RAY BIRCH SERVICE STATION
Broadway at Sixth St “Established June, 1913” Phone 190
Expert
Lubrication
Bring your car to dur lubrication
specialists. They possess the “know how”
necessary to put your car in first-class
shape from a lubrication standpoint. The
best lubrication service in town costs you
no more than the ordinary kind.

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