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Operative*___ PoUew Herald OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THS NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTEB8 and BAST UVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL “*ikti*b*d every Thuriday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by th* N. B. of O. P.. owniny and operatise th* Best Trade* Newspaper and Job Printin* Plant in tn* Stat*. Altered at Poetoffice, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902, a* Mcond-claaa matter. Ao oapted for mail in* at Special Rate* of Poatag* provided for in Section 1109, Act of October 13, 1917. authorised August 20, 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILT. ............................. Editor and Buain*** Manager Ono Year to Any Part of the United State* or Canada --------------------—32.00 President.—— Jam** M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio Ffret Vie* President—K. L. Wheatley, Boom 215, Broad Street National Bank Building, Trenton 8. New Jersey. 8*e*ad Vice President Frank Hull. 2704 E. Florenee Ave., Huntington Park. Calif. Third Vice President———. James Slaven. Cannona Mill*. East Liverpool. Ohio Fourth Viee President—..Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Vice President—George Newbon, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9, New Jersey Bbtth Vice President——George Turner, 215 W. Fourth Street, East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Viee President—________T. J. Desmond, 026 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio Eighth Vice President—. Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Vju Secretary-Treasurer———-Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, Ea*t Liverpool, Ohio ■MnMmaBHnaBHHMHEBS5Ss=ss===aaes============sss======s=s==E=====3ss==ss3SBK9BaasHsai^aMMi^^MMi GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, XT. HALL Operativea. .-..CHAS. F. JORDAN. FREDERICK GLYNN, HARRY PO DEW ELS CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ Operative*BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN, CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE _________ ROBERT DIETZ, Sr.. W. A. BETZ, RAY BROOKES James SLAVEN, THOS. WOOD. ROLAND HORTON FOREIGN MERCHANDISE MUST BE MARKED ’THERE ARE TWO distinct and outstanding reasons lor the so-called United States Marking Law, which re quires marking of all foreign merchandise, capable, of being marked without injury to same, with the name of the coun try of origin, printed in plain legible English, i.e., “Made in England” “Made in France” “Made in Japan,” etc. In view of the attempts that are being made at this time to abrogate the U. S. Marking Law, it is pertinent that we review the provisions of the Statute as they apply to foreign merchan dise imported into the United States. The Marking provision of the Law became operative for the first time after the passage of the Tariff Act of 1890. Section 6 of that Act contains the first marking pro vision. The Act of 1897 made a few changes and carried the provision in Section 7 of the Statute. The Act of 1913 car ried the same provision under paragraph “F” in Section 4, sub-section 1. Then came the Fordney-McCumber Act of 1922 which really strengthened the marking provisions and also made them more workable. This Law carried the mark ing provisions in Section 304. The Section was again carried into the Act of 1930 which was the Smoot-Hawley Law. The two reasons for this law are quite obvious they are as follows: 1st: The law aids American consumers, who desire to be discriminatory in their purchases, in the selection of American-Made merchandise. 2nd: It is a protection to American manufacturers against these wily foreign producers who wish to pawn off their products as “American Made.” In spite of the rigid enforcement of this law by the Customs officials, the American public is still being deceived in various items that are imported in parts, or so-called “unassembled”, status and then later assembled and sold as American made merchandise. This applies particularly to watch parts that are made in Switzerland, and assembled here, and sold to the trade. The marking provisions also aid U. S. Customs officers in their appraisement duties which have become more arduous since the passage of the Recip rocal Trade Treaty Law. Now that foreign trade is beginning to increase and im ports of all kinds of foreign-made items are once more ap pearing on the retail counters of dealers throughout the country, the marking provision of the Tariff Act become more and more important. Because many American consum ers think in terms of their own country first its workers and American producers, they quite naturally are more favorably inclined towards products that carry the label MADE IN THE U. S. A. It is human nature to think of our own first, last and always, and liecause of this there is a move on foot to eliminate the marking law, or weaken it, so that it no longer will be much of an aid to consumers who wish to give preference to American products not alone because of their desire to provide jobs for American workers but nine times out of ten because American-Made products are better. There is an even more vital reason for all Americans to follow this doctrine of BUY AMERICAN. The Ameri can Tariff, which has stood as a bulwark and safeguard against the dumping of creaply produced items of foreign I manufacture, has been vastly impaired since 1933 when Reciprocal Trade Treaties liegan to operate. This law which was passed under the guise of guaranteeing world jieace and aiding world prosperity has reduced our duties of many items fifty jiercent and some as much as 75 percent. Again this same false doctrine is being broadcast far and wide: “Continue the Reciprocal Trade Program. It is a guarantee to World Peace.” Isn’t it sufficient that we Americans are being called U|xn to loan billions to our form er enemies without also telling these same foreigners to come over and take our markets from under our very noses? American consumers should realize—and many of them j^_that being pro-American, or BUY AMERICAN con scious does not mean being anti-foreign. All nations of the world, especially England and Canada, are proud of the rec ord of their people in supporting Buy-at-Home campaigns and we Americans can learn a great deal from our patriotic neighbors. The thought that a foreign item is better because it is “Imported” is a very silly one. Actually American-made tex tiles, watches, pottery, chinaware and hundreds of other items surpass anything any foreign country can produce. Let us protect the jobs of American workers by giving first preference to the things which we make and grow in our own country. Write your Congressman and tell him why you feel that the marking provisions of the Tariff Law should be maintained. KILGORE WARNS OF CARTERS QENATOR HARLEY M. KILGORE (Dem., W. Va.) has plenty of courage. He demonstrated that by warning the American people that some of the most |Mwerful in dustrialists in this country are again taking steps which may lead us into war, and handicap us if we get into it. These industrialists “are working to rebuild’’ their car tel ties with 1. G. Farben of Germany, Kilgore said. Before the last war, he recalled, the German-American cartels which arc* international “trusts” supplied the money that put Hitler in power. Also, they strengthened Germany and weakened Uncle Sam. s Now, he pointed out, 24 top Farlien officials are being tried in Germany as “war criminals.” Why not also try the American members of the cartels, “before the court of pub lic opinion”? ...... U IT S FUNNY—BUT IS IT FACT? VOU KNOW what I mean—the jokes that are clever, m sidious propaganda. Funny—but not fact. You have laughed at them—and been half ashamed of yourself for do ing it. And sometimes before you realized it, you’ve repeatec them. The jokes I mean are started by hate-mongers in var ious parts of the country. Carefully thought out, and plan ned with an eye to real humor, they are picked up and un thinkingly repeated—and then they spread like the ripple caused by a stone thrown in the water. “But who takes a joke seriously?” you say. VhtoHSih ately it is the slur in the story that stays when the laugh has gone. It drops like a speck of'poison into the mind ready to germinate under the heat of stress or strain. There are the floods of national jokes which try to establish a racial difference between people of similar bloods by emphasizing so-called characteristics. These are jokes planned to create disunity. Stop and think—How many jokes do you hear told on a hundred per cent Anglo Saxon? No, it’s either the Celt, the Gael, the Latin, the Leventine, or the Slav who is the laughing stock. How long has it been since the “joke” was on one of German stock? Then there is the religious joke—based on something that will slight or throw mud on some faith or on the believ ers In some creed. How long has it been since you heard a joke which had an atheist as the butt? It makes you think, doesn’t it? Is it so funny when you realize the fact? There is just one think that can be done, one way in which to stop joke-propaganda. And that is to follow a sim ple rule—Don’t Repeat It I Let the story die with you. Don’t be the mug the hate-monger takes you for! Shut him up by shutting up! And—remember whenever you hear a joke—just say to yourself: “It’s funny—but is it fact?” CONGRESS SHOULD ACT ON “SOIL” BILL TJISTORY RECORDS great nations which became impov n erished deserts because they exhaust their soil. The United States is following that fatal path, Senator Hill of Alabama and Congressman Cannon of Missouri warned last week. 1 “The fundamental strength of any civilization is the fertility of the soil that supports it,” Hill told a Senate committee. a “Today we are removing about twice as much plant food from our soil—through cropping, erosion and leaching —as we are returning through fertilizers and soil-building crops. “Even the richest man will soon face bankruptcy if he draws out of the bank twice as much each year as he puts into it. That is what is happening to our basic natural re source—the soil.” Cannon quoted an agriculural authority, who said: “The topsoil from 40 acres of land is being washed away every minute down the Missouri, Ohio and Mississippi rivers. “To begin with, we had only about 450,000,000 acres of arable land in the United States. Already 50,000,000 acres have been totally runied, ariother 50,000,000 acres is well on the way to ruination, and another 100,000,000 acres needs attention right now to save it. “Even a large part of the Sahara Desert was fertile at one time and supported a large population.” To keep America from becoming a “Sahara Desert,” a soil conservation bill has been introduced. Congress should do something about it. PROFITS AND PRICES BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY have been trying hard in recent weeks to prove that they have not been able to reduce prices. Well, let’s see: Corporations in the United States paid out $1,117,500, 000 in publicly reported cash dividends during the first 3 months of this year, highest on record for a quarterly per iod, the Department of Commerce announced. First quarter dividend payments this year exceeded by 21 percent the $920,000,000 of the corresponding period in 1946. On a monthly basis payments this year were $434, 500,000 in January $190,500,000 in February and $492, 500,000 in March, the Commerce report said. Publicly reported cash dividends announced by the de partment comprise only about 60 percent of all dividend pay ments, indicating that the total was in the neighborhood of the huge total of $1,862,500,000. This record of all-time high profits is proof that busi ness and industry could have reduced prices, by taking smal er profits. Not every company, perhaps, but a very large proportion of them. And some could have cut prices sharply, though it would have meant siAaller, though still very re spectable, profits. WHY THIS SECRECY? 'THE CONSERVATIVE “Wall Street Journal” this week 1 published an article which speaks for itself. It says: “The State Department is unlimbering its biggest pro paganda guns in support of its foreign policy. “The diplomats are holding a series of ‘off-the-record’ conferences with representatives of women’s clubs, church groups, fraternal organizations and voters’ leagues. In these sessions, top officials of the State Department have set out to sell the Truman ‘Stop Russia’ Doctrine. “Newspaper reporters are excluded from these meetings. Newsmen who applied for admission were turned down. One who slipped in was ejected. “Great effort is made to give the meetings an air of im portance, and those present a feeling of being ‘on the inside’. Badges and identification cards are issued, and these are carefully checked.” Why all these secret “shenanigans”? If the State De partment officials are up to anything jfood, why don’t they tell the American openly and aboveboard? -----people EFFECTIVE ANSWER AN EFFECTIVE answer has been given to the enemies of the closed shop by Senator Warren G. Magnuson of Washington. “Unfortunately, many Americans have been given a completely inaccurate impression concerning the closed shop,” the Senator said in a recent broadcast. “Any qualified worker can get a job in a plant having a closed shop contract if he joins the union—and rememlxjr, many employers have urged Congress pot to destroy their right to ojierate under such an agreement.” Senator Magnuson also pointed out that 30 percent of the 15,000,000 members of organized labor now work under closed shop contracts- and said that legislation to outlaw the closed shop would be deprivation of the right of liberty of contract, in violation of the Constitution. The real antidote for the unrest which manifests itself is not suppression but a deep consideration of the wrongs that beset our national life and the application of a remedy. —Woodrow Wilson. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, niV I PROBLEM OF SITUATION J! By RUTH TAYLOR- Change the situation and forget the problem! fl The other day I was talking with a friend about a serious play of “social significance”. We had not enjoyed the performance and were trying to figure out what was wrong with us that we did not like such a potent drama. Finally we arrived at a conclusion. What had offended us was that the playwright had made a problem out of a situation. The more I thought about this the more clearly I could see in it fatal failing of many of us. We make problems out of situations and in dramatizing them, lose our own perspective. What is the difference? A situation has its funny side, a problem never. A situation can be walked away from or out of, a problem cannot be left behind. A situation is a combination of circumstances, or a condition as modified or determined by surroundings. A prob lem is a perplexing question, demanding settlement. I know one person who confuses the two, with the result that her life is always full of turmoil and upsets. The world is either all wrong—or coming to an end. Trifles are mountains. If events do not follow the course she has mapped out, then the day is ruined! She never has time to enjoy the little pleasures of life, because she is always seeing a problem in a situation and. is ao occupied by the problem, she overlooks how easily the situation can be changed by changing the surroundings. So it is with much of the troubles that beset us as individuals, as a nation, as a world. We are determined to make problems out of simple human equations. We damn groups, never realizing that we don’t live with groups, but just with a comparatively few people and that we are free to change our surroundings if we don’t like them. We treat the entire world like a gigantic jig-saw puzzle and try to crowd in the parts where we want them to go, irrespective of size or color. Life tor most of us is not a problem. It is a situation which by dint of a sense of humor, careful application to our own work, and a friendly spirit, we can make gq our way just as often as the other. TAFT-HARTLEY BILL FACES COURT TEST Even before we know (as this is written) whether the Taft Hartley Bill will become law, labor lawyers here are giving dost scru tiny to the constitutionality of many of its provisions. Open to the sharpest constitutional attack is the outright ban on closed shop agreements. The ban in the bill, which also holds true of many of the state anti-closed shop laws, falls afoul, as the lawyers would say, of the section in the U. S. Constitution that laws may not be passed impairing the rights of contract. There is ample evidence that the closed shop is a rational device in labor-management relations and the ban against it in the Taft-Hartley Bill is unreasonable and therefore unconstituional. Thoq there is the section which prohibits union contributions and expenditures in behalf of candidates for Federal office. Senator Taft has interpreted this provision to bar support for a candidate in a union newspaper which is financed thru the payment of union dues. It is inconceivable that the Supreme Court will uphold this clear-cut viola tion of the free speech amendment of the U. S. Constitution. Another section aimed at socalled “featherbedding” makes it an unfair labor practice for a Union to demand pay for services not per formed. Is a demand of “premium” pay for over time or for late shifts, payment for services not performed? The whole conception is so vague, aside from everything else, that it is not unlikely that the courts will ultimately rule that no employer or union can reasonably be expected to understand what it means. The most vulnerable is the provision which denies the protection of the Nat’l Labor Relations Board for unions whose officers are members of the Communist Party or who believe in the violent over throw of the U. S. government. Constitutionally, the lawyers believe that this provision will not hold up. If the CP is a legal party, and if the protection of the NLRB is a right not a privilege, then no legal group can be denied the equal protection «of the laws guaranteed by the Constitution. e It is true that the government can properly prWsSribe that mem bers of the Communist Party and fellow travellers be denied govern ment employment. But government employment is a privilege, not a right. And the government has the authority to set reasonable re quirements for its own employes. The Communist Party business in the Taft-Hartley Bill can be likened to a possible provision that CP members are not subject to the laws protecting persons against il legal violence or robbery. Thus, here are several sections of the Taft-Hartley Bill which, in addition to being bad, are also probably unconstitutional. LETTER TO THE EDITOR Editor, Potters Herald, s y East Liverpool, Ohio. n Dear Sir:—It is a very unfortunate situation I was placed in by the two aspiring members of our organization who referred to me in the “Potters News”, without using my name. I would like to ask the trade a question in my behalf. If that is all i have ever done, don’t you thing the persecution is too severe. There is not a Board member in the organization whom I have not had to fight and fight hard to try and make my point. Any thing that I ever fought for or against, I did so at my local’s re quest. At no time has a Board members ever asked me to carry his opinions to the floor, and if he should, I would be compelled to take the opposite view. Now in summing up I have always tried to live and work for a higger and better organization. I have made some mistakes and in alt probability will make more for 1 intend to keep on fighting for the advancement of real trade unionism as practiced by the rank and file of members of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters. My local didn’t dump me in the election, they elected me dele gate to the convention, patted me on the back and told me to get in there nnd fight. I don’t see Whippier or Finlay listed as delegates, their own locals dropped them. Now brothers and sisters, I am no “stooge” for the present ad ministration or any part of it. What I do, I do on my own. I will be in convention this year and expect to have the privilege of clearing this up. So until convention time, I remain, 5, v WILLIAM J. CAMPBELL, Local Union No. 103„ v Erwin, Tenn. I V BfrMM Mi IWI1 ... •r Thursday, June 19, 1947 NEWS/ and’VIEWS i By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT (An ILNS Feature) How responsible is business management? Does management ac^? count to the public, its stockholders and its employes in a manner beAj fitting the general welfare? Matthew Woll, AFL vice-president andL" head of the Union Labor Life Insurance Company, answered these questions at an investors’ meeting in New York in a way which should make big business ponder its own shortcomings before it sits in judgment over the real and alleged sins of labor. Closely linked with the issue of greater management responsibil ity were Matthew Woll’s strictures on pending laoor legislation and his question whether government regulation is the only answer to our industrial problems. There is, in Woll’s opinion, another answer, and it is one with which this column wholeheartedly agrees. The answer, the union leader said, is “for management to as sume a fuller degree of responsibility not only to the shareholders but to the general public just as it is the answer in the field of labor for those who lead the labor movement to have an ever increasing regard for the effects of its actions upon the general public. It is my sincere belief that management can make its best contribution to the mainten ance, continuance and promotion of the free enterprise system by looking beyond the scramble for profits and by being preoccupied with something more than the amount of dividends.” Speaking of restrictive labor legislation, it is interesting to not8 that so far no real effort has been made to enforce the laws enacted in 7 Southern states. We owe this informatio nto eGorge Googe, AFL Southern organizing director, who also commented highly on the willingness of the Southern employers to come to terms with the unions. The state authorities, according to Googe, are not sure about the legal standing of these laws and hesitate to enforce them, all the more so since the unions are ready to contest their constitutionality in the courts. “We have invited test cases,” he added, “but grand juries have refused to indict. That’s not because of any tenderness toward labor. They’d have to indict and convict the employers also—and per haps fine and jail them—since they’d be equally guilty with labor of violating the law. Juries don’t like that prospect.” Iowa’s recently enacted ban of the compulsory check-off contains a curious clause of which very few people outside the state are aware. According to the law, a worker’s “lawful spouse” must join him in signing a written order to the employer to check off his dues. This provision, I understand, was incorporated because of the Iowan law makers’ apparent conviction that most women are unsympathetic to. unions, and therefore ready to resist the blandishments of the comf 4 pulsory check-off. To what extent this is true will be tested by th A National Women’s Trade Union League which is setting out on a campaign to prove that women are as* good* trade unionists as men. Do you know there is a law on the statute books of Maryland which permits labor slavery in large parts of that state? And that so far no attempt has been made by organized labor to repeal the law, originally passed as a war measure? A journalistic colleague in Baltimore writes: “The law, whiclr affects 14 of our 23 counties, means this: If a man is out of work, an employer can offer him work at a wage the employer chooses ir the man refuses the employer can issue a complaint against the worker to the nearest magistrate who will have the man arrested, and he will sentence him to prison. Then he will parole him in charge of the employer, who often is a farmer. The employer can pay what he likes, feed the prisoner as he likes and if he doesn’t work hard enough, the employer can take him to the magistrate where he may be fined. The farmer may or may not collect for informing, and he may or may not collect the fine from the worker’s wages. The judge may decide that.” Our informant, hard put to keep his volatile temper in check, asks: “What is the matter with the AFL in Maryland that it permits such evil practices in our state without at least protesting them?” I am afraid I don’t know. I agree, however, that this is a shameful state of affairs and that it is the duty of organized labor to remedy a situa tion whereby the State of Maryland remains half free and half slave. -o----------------- Legislative News From The Ohio State Federation Of Labor While a guard bloJced the door of the Senate Clerk’s office last Saturday, the mimeograph machine inside ran off a substitute Van Aken bill which the Legislature was not permitted to see (or any member of Labor) until minutes before the bill was brought up a fast steam-roller vote to passage in the early hours of Sunda^TJ morning. The vote for the anti- Labor bill in the Senate was 20-12f and in the House 73-42. The bill was rewritten in a star-chamber session by Senators Reiners, Sheppard, and Walcutt, with an “assist” by Rep. Van Aken. Labor pleaded for a chance to read the new bill, a plea that was quickly turned down. That committee voted with the single exception of Senator Jackson (D), «of Youngstown, to recommend it out. Only three members of the committee had had an opportunity to study the bill. On the floor, Senator Reiners amated the gallery by donning the robe of “Labor’s friend” and persuading the Senate to approve the measure. The more boisterous House voted the measure through with no pretense of Labor friendship. As finally parsed, the Van Aken bill was somewhat of a mystery to most members of the Legislature who only understood that it was| meant to hit Unions. This stubstitute meausre provides: Union treas uries are open to harassing law-suits political action contributions! are attacked strikes for call in pay, severance pay, and even vacation! pay, are thrown in doubt constitutional right of assemblage is at-i tacked through still-uninterpreted limitations on picketing control! over company stooges lurking within a bona fide Union is made! more difficult financial statements, designed to burden Locals with! excessive paper work, are required in the act other booby traps ini this bill are still under legal study. In the Senate, fighting speeches were made against the billi by Senator Howard Matzenbaum, (D), of Cleveland, and Senator Jackson. Senator Mbtzenbaum pointed out that the definition of un fair Labor practices for employers was nothing more than a sop and camouflage since no enforcement machinery is provided. Ohio Labor this week is appealing to Governor Herbert to veto^ the Van Aken bill. The Veach resolution to outlaw the closed shop did' not go to the Governor’s desk for signature as it was killed in the Senate committee. An interesting vote was noted on the Veach resolution when Senator Powell, (R), of Springfield, and Pollock, (R), of Canton, switched over to vote against the resolution when they saw it was going to fail anyway. Q. .............. How Press Twists News In Effort 4 To Hurt Unions O ■. Newspapers and press associations this week provided a good ex ample of how they turn the news upside down in order to put labor in a bad light. They did the distortion job on the latest monthly roundup issued by the National Labor Relations Board. That document showed that in April unions won 76 per dent of the collective bargaining elections conducted by the board and got 80 per cent of the ballots cast. That obviously was a good batting average. Did the press report it that way? Not at all. It played up yams to the. effect that unions were “rejected” in 24 percent of the elections, and that 2 per cent of the ballots were cast “against” them. k Workers Not Fooled The real story is that month by month lately—despite a savage propaganda campaign against labor—unions have held their own in elections. Here’s the N. L. R. B. tally since the beginning of the year: January, 78 percent favorable vote for unions February, 81 per cent March, 78 per cent and April, 80 per cent. If anything, these results prove that foes of labor have flopped miserably in efforts to turn workers against unions. MEMBERS OF EXECUTIVE BOARD Is it no more than fitting that the west coast locals could expect a visit from our National President at least every two years or less. The west coast is the coming pottery center of the world. We have two mighty fine men as officials in Second Vice President Frank Hull and Organizer George Pace, but too much is left for too few. There are a good many members that would like to see our National President. Pottery ware made in the Los Angeles district goes far and wide. Ships to South America, Portugal, Phillipine Islands and all points East and West carry our products. And if no boat ride is wanted, there are china shops, sanitary and art shops all located in and around Los Angeles. X5 OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENT, .*4.’ to00»»»»»»»»* A '-j Local Union 113, Huntington Park, Calif.