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y 5 •■■v '-'i’ •_ .i-¥ ■W •a W 4 OFFICIAL ORGAN NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS t-' /VOL XU, NO. is/ ‘-4.- w efforts on defeating for re-election every member of Congress who voted for this vicious law. a Green Dares GOP To Nominate Taft For Worst Defeat San Francisco (LPA)—President William Green of the AFL this week issued a challenge to the Republican Nat’l Convention to nominate Sen. Robert A. Taft (R., Ohio) as its 1948 candidate for President. “For every labor vote Taft gets, at least 100,000 labor votes will be cast against him,” Qpogft predicted “I further predict that Mr. Taft will suffer the worst de feat ever handed to any candidate of a major party for the Presidency of the United States,” Green told delegates to the largest convention ever held by the Int’l Brotherhood of Teamsters-AFL. Organized labor, Green insisted, will never submit to such “govern .mental and bureaucratic domina j^tion” as provided in the Taft-Hart |^^ey law. “'This hateful law is part of a This hateful law is part of a new legislative pattern in Wash ington,” he told the Teamsters, "that became crystal clear with the enactment of the 4rob the poor’ rent-boosting bill and two attempts to enact a ‘spare-the-rich’ tax bill over President Truman’s veto. “The 80th Congress has scorned the will of the •people. It responds only to the dictates of entrenched wealth. All that is going to be changed!” The AFL President outlined this "housecleaning program” for the coming year: “First, the AFL and its affiliat ed unions will use their economic strength to protect the Interests of their membership in contract nego tiations with employers so that some of the harsh provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act will not apply. "Secondly, we will uSe every re source at our command to challenge the legality of the slave-labor law in the courts. We are confident that a large portion of it will be heM unconstitutional by reme Court. to. gnibh, organise and concentrate o«t “Make no mistake about it— bdr has the votes.” Congress Starts Study As Prices Hit New Peak Washington (LPA)— Chairmen of the three Congressional subcom mittees which are supposed to dis cover that prices are high—and rec ommend sortie solij^on—were ap pointed last week. 4 For the eastern part of the courv try, Sen. Ralph Flandjs^s (R., Vt.) is chairman, aided by Senators Baldwin (R., Conn.) and Myers (D., Pa.) and Reps. Rich (R., Pa.), Hart (D., N. J.) and Kilbourne (R., N. Y.). Hearings are expected to start about the middle of Septem ber. .. Rep. George Bender (R., Ohio) heads the midcontinent hearings, while Rep. Arthur Watkins (R., Ore.) will chair the west coast hearings. Bfendfer’s subcommittee will also start its travels in mid .) September, while west coast meet ings will begin after Oct. 1. Without traveling, the Congress men can learn, from government fact-collecting agencies, that whole sale prices for the second succes sive week, hit an all-time high for ^^he 7 days which ended Aug. 2 ^Pwholesale prices, mainly because of rises for steel and building mater ials rose 0.5% to a level 21% BIG QUESTION: CAN UNION REPORTS BE KEPT A SECRET Washington *(LPA)—Labor Sec retary Lewis Schwellenbach will welcome any court test of his in tention to keep union registration statements-required by the Taft Hartley law—secret and inacces sible to employers, he declared last week. The registration form, which be filed before a union can oERbtain any status before the Nat’l Labor Relations Board, was made public last week without any in dication on the printed form that the information would be kept sec ret. Some labor leaders have ex pressed concern that if employers had free access to these state ments, which include detailed fi nancial reports, they could gage their chances of outlasting the union in a possible strike. Nothing in the law requires that the Labor Dep’t must make the data public but if unions decide to use the NLRB they must send the same ship. information to their member The printed form released Jr«k -w 1 Hl v\. $■: Clarksburg Potters Pick Picnic Site Outing Will he Held| Aug. 16 At Laurel Park Clarksburg, W. Vd.—With many members of Local Union 99 taking advantage of the opportunity to meet their former buddies at a state convention of the American Legion, the attendance at our last meeting fell off considerably. We feel the boys were justified in tak ing the night off, but we mentioned the fact to remind them that im portant business will be transacted at our next session and a full at tendance is requested. Shop committee reports revealed everything to be running along smoothly with but few exceptions. These were taken care of by the shop committee members who are ever willing to lend a helping hand and aee that adjustments are made to the satisfaction of all parties concerned. SWwr jgare a full report of the picnic to be held Saturday, August 16, at Laurgl Park. Busses will leave Colombos’ store at 10:30 a. m. and 1:00 p. m., making a stop at the post office in the down town (Turn to Page Two)_______ higher than a year ago. Steel prices advaflbed from 6% to 19% in the one week alone. The Congressmen also had avail able the prediction that farmers’ prices will remain high during the next few months. The Bureau of Agricultural Economics at the Ag riculture Dep’t predicted this, and also reported that during July “farmers got higher prices for live stock and products, corn, cotton, rice and potatoes.” As a direct result of a last-min ute action of the last session of Congress, sugar prices are being boosted 2c per 10-pound sack. Not from official government re ports but important for well dressed Congressmen was the fact that men’s suit prices will rise from $2.50 to $5 a suit next fall. This was announced on the wholesale market only four days before American Woolen Co., re ported profits for the first half of 1947 of $7,890,898, plus a cool million dollars put in the kitty for “contingencies.” American Woolen’s president reported that prospects for the rest of the year are “en couraging.” ____ by the Labor Dep’t emphasizes that “This report must be filed not only by any labor organization de siring to raise any such question before the Board but also by any national or international labor or ganization of which such labor or ganization is an affiliate or con stituent part.” Scores of A FL and CIO unions have already indicated that they will not “do business’ with the Taft-Hartley version of the NLRB and as a result the case load of the Board has suddenly plummet ed from an average of 1000 new cases a month to 200. In the face of tfiis there were indications that the NLRB would not be able to ex clude the non-filing unions from representation disputes. The non filing groups will probably have the right to intervene when anoth er union claims jurisdiction in a collective bargaining unit where the former has a contract. The registration questionnaire (Turn to Page Six) -4, Ji rj, i i ?a /•«, v *,. 'X- Pres. Names Industry Man For T-H Post y. I' y ‘,V .-.Former President I Of U. S. Rubber Co. Washington (LPA) President Truman last week nominated Cy rus S. Ching, one of the few liber als in industry, to head the Taft Hartley-created Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service. Labor leaders, acknowledging that Ching was nominee that squeeze by Senn4 rs Joe_Ball (R., Minn.) and Rob’t declared that for the most part the 71-yearold former vice-president of U. S. Rubber Co., had an equit able viewpoint on labor relations. AFL-CIO Choice^ Far Greek Aid HasHugeTask Washington (LPA) Guidance in establishment of a genuinely free and democratic union move ment in Greece and its re-direction from political into economic chan nels will be one of the prime jobs confronting Clinton Golden, select ed jointly by the AFL and CIO as labor adviser to the American Mission to Aid Greece. Golden, a veteran of nearly 40 years in the American labor move ment and a former assistant to CIO President Philip Murray, was nom inated for the post by the AFL— probably the first time a CIO of ficial has been nominated by the AFL for so important an undertak ing. Golden will leave for Greece on Aug. 15 and will remain there un til June 30, 1948. He emphasized the advisory nature of his job, pointing out that there is no com pulsion on either the Greek gov (Turn to Page Six) Taft-Hartley Foe Boomed For Vice President In *48 Indianapolis (LPA) A “baby boom” to offer the Democratic vice-presidential nomination next year to one of organized labor’s best friends in Congress has been started by the Democratic Organ ization in this state. Rep. Ray J. Madden, outspoken foe of the Taft-Hartley law and one of Hartley’s irreconcilable en emies on the House Labor Commit tee, will be boomed for the vice presidential nomination at the for (Turn to Page Six) Off idols Elected By Trenton Local Trenton, N. J.—At the last regu lar meeting of Local Union No. 49, the yearly election of officers was held with the following being chos en Lawrence Dolan, Jr., president Harry Jones, vice president Will iam Rowley, treasurer Thomas Conroy, financial secretary Arthur Hassall, recording secretary Jos eph Francis, inside guard John Kane, outside guard Leslie Scheck, Howell Brades and Joseph Valen tine, trustees. The new officials will be install ed at our next meeting and it is hoped a full turnout will be on hand, signifying their intention to aid the officers in carrying out the duties of their respective offices. Everything seems to be rolling along in the usual manner and all indications point to steady work for some time.—O.C. 49 ■.■■’.. :.Ij i/a. about the best could possibly Taft (R.» Ohio) One official of the United Rub ber Workers, the union that has known Ching most intimately in his role as industrial relations chief for U. S. Rubber, said that the union’s relations with Ching had al ways been amicable and that he had shown sympathy with the union’s viewpoint in contract nego tiations where other labor relations men had been dead set against union demands. Ching will take over the new job on Aug. 22 when the major portions of the Taft-Hartley law become effective. On that date the Conciliation Service will be divorc ed from the Labor Dep’t and be come independent. Still undecided is where the new agency will be located, whether it will have its own legal staff and its own in formation section. Ching, a native of Canada, was admittedly labor’s favorite indus try member of the War Labor Board. Nevertheless there was disappointment in labor circles that from the large group of eligibles Truman did not name someone from public life rather than an in dustry representative. l/f t^L.' w Vacation Period Over For Pottersf At East Palestine East Palestine, Ohio—Almost all the employees at the Electrical Re fractories have had their two-weeks vacation and back on the job. The writer was taken to task for no news from L. U. 156 in the last two issues of the Herald. O.K. fellows, I will plead guilty to the charge but the sentence should be pus pended since I too have been on vacation. We only held one meeting during the month of July instead of the customary two, and the new offic ers were installed and took over at that time. Let’s all get behind our new officers and assist them in any way we can to advance the interest of all. A very discouraging report at .the last meeting revealed that^jgy eral members are behind in'TOnr (Turn to Page Two) R. Golden Named Shop Foreman Of Plant On Coast 1 Word was received at Headquar ters this week announcing the ap pointment of Robert Golden, menu ber of Local Union 89, Richmond, Calif., as cast shop foremen at the Standard Sanitary plant at Torr ence, Calif. Affiliated with Local Union 89 for the past several years, “Bob”, as he was known by his many friends on the coast was a staunch worker in the ranks of his local and faithfully attended Contra Costa Central Labor Council as delegate for several years. He was very faithful in the ranks of organ ized labor and spent many hours of his time advancing its cause. As a partial reward for his faith ful service in Brotherhood ranks, the trade elected him as one of the N. B. of O. P.’s delegates to the American Federation of Labor coja (Turn to Page Two) /, Stye ottew iferaiu i:1/.-.' EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, THURSDAY, August J4, 1947^ IS THE SENATOR LYING?—Sen. Owen Brewster (R, Me.) takes the witness stand at the Senate War Investigating Committee hearings and denies Howard Hughes* charges that Brewster offered to halt the probe if Hughes merged his airline with Pan American. Hughes (sitting in the center) called the Sena tor’s testimony a “pack of lies.” Federated Pictures) Clambake Set For 30th At Metuchen Firm Joins With Union In Sponsoring Event Metuchen, N. J.—A very inter esting, plus a fine attendance mark ed the last session of Local Union 174. Discussions were of a spirited nature with many interesting facts being brought to light in the re marks. Chief among these being the new conveyor that is to be in stalled in the near future. As is always the case when an innova tion of this type is introduced, rumors begin flying and it is not Long before .the members become incensed with the thought that such innovations are harmful to the trade. The writer feels our shop stew ards are capable of coping with any situation that may arise and be lieves in the old saying, “never cross a bridge before you come to Chairman John Mezorps of the auditing committee made his re port as finding the funds of the local solvent. A vote of thanks was extended the officers for the fine manner in which the committee found the books. The date for the long awaited clambake has been set and will be held August 30 at Warady’s Grove. The affair which is sponsored by the Richmond Radiator Co. in con junction with Local Union 174, is the highlight of Uhe season as far as social activities are concerned. Nothing has been overlooked by the committee in making this party one of the best ever held. All mem bers and their families are cordial ly invited to be on hand August 30 and join in the fun. John Mezores heads the committee on arrange ments, assisted by John Kerestan and John Katzaro.—O.C. 174 Many May Lose Their Jobs Is New A. F. Of L. Warning Washington (LPA)—Unless the nation’s consumers are able to pur chase a huge increase in production “more than 1,000,000 jobs will prob ably be lost,” the AFL warned last week. Consumer buying could expand if prices came down, the AFL pub lication, Labor’s Monthly Survey, emphasized, but “the prospect for a gradual downward adjustment of prices in the months ahead is not encouraging. Food prices are in creasing, rents are due to rise somewhat.” Citing a Federal Reserve Board study which showed that last year American families, chiefly those in low income groups, spent $10 bil lion out of their savings, the Sur vey commented “With prices of necessities out of reach, 40% of this huge sum was spent to pay for living expenses, medical care and emergencies. A tragedy of high prices is that hard earned savings are frittered away without bringing their- owners any permanent ad vance in living standards. Others who spent savings fared better .. While low income groups were forc ed to spend savings, many high in come families were able to add to their savings even in 1946 but 10% of all families spent all the savings they had. Among unskilled workers, half had no savings at all, and of those who had managed to save, the majority had small ac counts.” Consumer prices today, the A FL pointed out, are almost 58% above 1939 half the rise occurred during the war, and nearly all the rest was after OPA expired in June 1946. “Average factory wages have not kept pace with rising prices since the war. The actual buying power of the weekly pay envelope in June 1947 was 3% be low VJ-Day, but 30% higher than in 1939.” In terms of June 1947 prices, a “health and decency living stand ard” would require a $3630 income for a family of four, with $300 go ing for income and social security taxes. “Workers are by far the most im portant group of consumers,” the Survey said, “and probably buy about three-fourths of all consum er goods produced and at least half the entire product of ‘full employ ment’. “As workers, we are organized to raise wages, but this is not enough. We need to organize as consumers, in cooperatives and credit unions with other consum ers, to raise our buying power by seeing that wage increases are not wiped out by rising prices, unrea sonable charges of loans and mortgages, high cost and poor quality in living necessities.” ..^ ^K Lf I- gnr v IW 4 A *C .... Old Time Potters Of Sebring Shop Meet In Reunion Sebring, Ohio—A short history of the organization was read by Fred Morrow when the old liners and decorators of French-Saxon China Company held their 14th Annual Reunion August 6 at Mor row’s Picnic Grove. Fifty families attended repre senting Sebring, Alliance, Colum biana, Akron, Minerva, Carrollton, East Palestine and East Liverpool. Mrs. Pearl Eckel berry gave a general talk on the group. The liners and decorators paint the scenes and fancy work on pottery ware. The same officers were re elected for the next reunion. They are Fred Morrow, presi dent F. J. Conway, vice president Mrs. Mae Meon, secretary and Mrs. Bertha Toban, treasurer. The next reunion wiR be held at the, same place the WBSSStay.tf Aug ust, 1948. JMoreTopNLRB Officials Quit Because Of T-H Washington (LPA)—The Nat*l Labor Relations Board lost three more of its veteran top officials as the result of the Taft-Hartley law last week. Alan F. Perl, New York Regional NLRB attorney for the past eight years, quit in disgust with the new law. He told NLRB Chairman Paul Herzog that he was not in sym pathy with the law and believes it will “work great mischief in the field of labor relations.” Perl an nounced that he would join the legal staff of the Int’l Association of Machinists-unaffiliated where he said he would have “an opportunity for advocacy consistent with my (Turn to Page Two) New Political Group Urged By Congressman Washington (LPA)—Sen. Will iam Langer, pro-labor Republican of N. Dakota, has proposed to AFL government employes unions rep resenting more than 500,000, that they join in a campaign to organ ize a new national political group, it was disclosed here last week. Conferring with AFL officials here, Langer asked them to send to their membership a “Call To Act ion” which he prepared several weeks ago. His plan called for the organization of non-partisan lea gues, first on a precinct level, then on a state and national scale. AFL leaders were said to be chary of the idea because, among other rea sons, it might involve violation of the Hatch Act prohibiting political activities by federal employes. The Senator’s Call To Action said in part: “You are simply calling a con vention in an endeavor to have the people take control of one of the parties now existing. But if you fihd that the politicians are control ling the present political parties and that you cannot nominate a liberal friend of the people in one of these conventions, then the na tional convention made up of your own delegates, representing you, will decide the course to take and which of the parties to support and you can dominate the party which you choose, for you have the power because you have the votes. “The international banker, the members of infamous cartels, the new war-made millionaires, all (Turn to Page Two) ar^jLs’ ,. 4 4? 'e n Early Birds Warned By Local No. 45 .. -V- 7:30 A. M. Is Starting Hour Scribe Informs Trenton, N. J.—Local Union 45 met on Aug. 8 with a very large attendance on hand. Vice President Valentine Olshak presided and marked the occassion by initiating 13 new members, the largest num ber on record for this local in many years. We welcome the newcomers into our fold and urge that they join with their shop buddies in pro moting the interests of all mem bers. Bro. Elijah Watson made his quarterly report, and we noticed the membership has increased near ly 100 during the past year. Fourth Vice President Charles Zimmer made a lengthy report of recent meetings of the Conference Committee with officials of the many settlements were made that will be beneficial to «wr aanaben. He also covered in his remarks de velopments made in cases still pending. Bro. John Simpson reported for the Contingent Fund and asked (Turn to Page Five) Washington, D. C. (ILNS). Excessive fees were charged by un dertakers for burials of the victims of the Centralia, III., mine disaster of last March 25, the United Mine Workers Journal charged in a blis tering article on funeral costs. The blast killed 111 miners. The Journal based its charges of this “ugly fact” on an investigation of exorbitant burial fees by the fed eral Coal Mines Administration. It declared that “unconscionable greed literally followed the victims to their graves and mulcted the surv ing dependents of sizable sums re ceived from the Welfare Fund death gratuity and state compen sation they received.” The paper included comments made by W. W. Chambers, big Washington under taker in testifying before a joint House-Senate subcommittee on a bill for licensing District of Co lumbia undertakers. “Specialized Racket” Charged In the course of his testimony Chambers asserted that profiteer ing in burying the dead is “the most highly specialized racket in the world.” The Coal Mines Administration MEMBER •X: MEMBER INTERNATIONAL LABOft NEWSSERVICE AFL, CIO Leaders Mine Workers Health Program In Opening Stages Under Dr. Sayers Washington (LPA)—Officials of the United Mine Workers-AFL an nounced last week that progress was being made in the develop ment of the UMW health and hos pital fund. The health and welfare program which had been incorpor ated in the last Bituminous Coal Agreement is financed by the op erators on the basis of 10c a ton payments for all coal mined. When the program get into full operation, it is expected that about $65,000,000 a year will be avail able for medical care and hospital ization for miners and their fam ilies. Dr. R. R. Sayers, on leave from the U. S. Public Health Service, has been appointed as medical di rector of thef und and started work on Aug. 1. K. C. Adams, editor of the UMW Journal, reports satisfactory pro gress. “The next few months will be devoted to reefbiting personnel and making plans,” he said. Say ers is engaged in a series of con- '”"4- :y -i- iz 7?’. ’''■mi Warn Industry On Chiseling Labor1d Washington (LPA)—Management must recognize two general principles in any campaign aimed at increasing work ers’ productivity, 33 AFL and CIO leaders, members of the Labor Committee on National Policy of the Nat’l Planning As sociation, declared here last week. “The first of these,” said the joint statement, “is that workers must have assurance that the cards are not being stacked against them. They must have no ground to feel that the cost accounts are being loaded with dubious items. Sus picion on this score—no matter how petty the questioned ♦items may be in dollar terms— ■•■a ^4 $2.00 PER YEAR .3 must be avoided. Many of the prac tices with which labor is charged are also petty and, without regard to the importance of either, work ers are prone to regard the one as justifying the other. “The second principle is that the passing on of the benefits of in creased productivity must equit able and reasonably clear and cer tain. Workers want higher pro ductivity to mean higher wages and lower prices. They want management and stockholders to get their fair shares, too. But they are not interested in stepping up productivity if the entire benefits that result are to go to increase-* profits which may already be am ple. This should be elementary common sense, but it is all too fre quently ignored in discussions of industrial efficiency.” Calling for increased labor management teamwork, the labors leaders said, “Wherever unions find, it possible to take the initiative ins making operations more productive*1 —and where past experience indi cates that management will wel come such initiative—we urge that? they do so However, we are/' convinced that the first step must|. in general come from managements We urge managements everywhere in America* industry to invite th* Unions they deal with io sit down with them and explore how to eli minate inefficiency in production and distribution.” Refuting the squawks of reac (Turn to Page Six) Excessive Fees Charged For Burial Of Centralia Miners i found in the investigation at Cen-, tralia, the Journal said, the follow ing: "Funeral charges ranged from at. low of $233 to a high of $1,178.50. Fees averaged $732.78 per person, or about double the price quoted to, the Journal by a leading Washing ton funeral director for similar* services. “Only 6 of the 110 burials o»: which information was available cost less than $500. At the other extreme, the investigation revealed that charges for 24 funerals rang ed upward from $900. Or, to state it percentagewise, 94.6 percent of, the burials cost between $500 and. $1,200.” Variance In Charges The investigation indicated, thet Journal added, that there was a considerable variance in charges by Centralia undertakers because, it charged, they exacted “as large a toll as the ‘traffic will bear*.” Officials of the Health and Hos pital Fund have requested from the U. S. Public Health Service rec ommendations on personnel and program. It is expected that the appointments made by Dr. Say ers will determine how much infhi (Turn to Page Six) 2 1 A The Journal consulted Chambers for an expert opinion on the Cen tral funeral fees and quoted him as, saying that the typical Centralia, funeral—and the majority, it added. (Turn to Page Five) ______ ferences with local UMW officials. Aggressive interest in the pro gram has been expressed by the American Medical Ass’n and its affiliated bodies. Asked whether recent resolutions passed by the AMA would mean that the mine workers program would be run by. the AMA, Adams said: “They cer tainly won’t!” and added “We have in the past accused the AMA of denying miners freedom to bring-/.*: doctors into local communities' rather than take doctors of local medical associations.” He cited in stances in Kentucky and West Vir-U? ginia where local medical socie ties had stymied efforts of mine workers to bring in their own doc tors.