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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 12, 1948, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1948-02-12/ed-1/seq-5/

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Thursday February 12, 1948
European Labor To
Back Aid Plan At
.^Brussels Meeting
Miami (ILNS)— Representatives
of trade unions in 16 European
countries will meet in Brussels
next month to map support of the
Marshall Plan for European recov
ery. The meeting is expected to
give a big impetus to the fight
against Communist expansion and
aggression in Western Europe.
Matthew Woll, head of the Am
erican Federation of Labor’s Int?r
national Labor Relations Depart
ment, informed the federation’s ex
ecutive council that invitations to
the conference have been sent out
jointly by organized labor of Bel
gium, Holland and Luxenburg.
The British Trades Union Congress
and the anti-Communist unions of
France will be represented, he said.
It is expected steps will be dis
cussed at the meeting for forma
tion of a world organization of free
trade unions in opposition to the
Communist-controlled World Fed
eration of Trade Unions.
In a report to the council, Woll
branded the WFTU as “the inter
national labor fifth column of the
Kremlin.” He predicted the “even
tual collapse and disintegration” of
the WFTU had been brought near
er by the conflict growing out of
Soviet opposition to the Marshall
.Plan, the split of anti- Communists
the French labor movement
V And recent organization of the In
ter-American Confederation of La
bor at Lima, Peru.
Woll condemned Communist ef
forts to capture the German trade
unions and charged that “blunders”
in American government policy to
ward German unions were handi
capping the AFL in fighting
iet tactics.
“While the Communists
flooding German workers
wholesale propaganda,” Woll de
clared, “our government has de
nied the free trade unions suffi
cient paper to publish the truth
and expose the false arguments of
the Communists. At the same time,
our government supplies paper for
interior decorating magazines
(where houses have been bombed
to smithereens), and beauty cul
ture magazine^ (where there are
not enough calories to go around).
“In Germany our government
continues to hamper the trade un
ions by not giving them sufficient
recognition in the economic policies
and processes of the nation. This
helps the Communists who boast of
the important roles accorded to
their union's In the’Soviet zone.*’
Philadelphia (ILNS)— Philadel
phia has just completed the first
phase of a comprehensive “slum
diagnosis” using newly-developed
survey methods.
The study by the Philadelphia
Redevelopment Authority indicates
that the first phase of curing the
city’s slums should be rehabilita
tion of small “cankers” of blight
infection rather than demolition
and 'rebuilding of entire neighbor
hoods. Philadelphia slum, diagnosis
involves use of a new survey meth
od developed by the American Pub
lic Health Association’s Committee
on the Hygiene of Housing. Basis
of the new method is a scoring sys
tem giving certain numerical val
ues to various housing and environ
mental conditions.
Medal For Heroic Workers
Pittsburgs (ILNS) P. Roscoe
Chapman, boiler repairman, has
been awarded a silver metal by the
.Carnegie Hero Fund Commission
for saving a fellow-worker from
plunging to death from a 260-foot
smokestack. He was one of 10
persons in 7 states who received
awards for heroism last year.
Seaway Project
Opposed By Woll
Washington, D. C. Matthew
Woll, member of the AFL Execu
tive Council, declared the proposed
St. Lawrence seawey project iij a
threat to jobs of American work
In a statement inserted in the
“Congressional Record” by Senator
Bridges of New Hampshire, Mr.
Woll asserted the project would
benefit Canada at the expense of
American laborers.
The seaway plan, scheduled for
Senate Consideration this month,
calls for construction of a 27-foot
channel and locks from Montreal
to Lake Ontario, together with hy
dro-electric power plants along
rapids of the St. Lawrence river.
Canada would pay 230 million dol
lars, or less than half the\amount
contributed by this country.
Woll declared the project would
build up Montreal as a shipping
point at the expense of American
ports. In addition, he said, jobs of
workers in Uniaed States Trans
portation industries would be
threatened by seaway competition.
AFL Packers Win Raise
Chicago (LPA) Rirst wage
raise chalked up by current nego
tiations in the packing industry was
granted last week to 15,000 work
ers represented by the Amalgamat
ed Meat Cutters & Butcher Work
men-AFL. Armour and Swift of
fered 9c-an-hour, retroactive to
Jan. 12, and the offer was accept
ed by the union. The 30C0 AFL
workers at the Morell & Co. plant
in Soux Falls, Iowa, also won a
9c boost.
Secretary-Treasurer Patrick Gor
man says the union will seek the
same settlement with Wilson, Cud
ahy, and the smaller independents,
150,000 of whose workers are rep
resented by the Meat Cutters.
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors Of Quality Furniture And All Furnish
ings To Make A House A Comfortable Home.
Convenient Terms
Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio
WHY MILK COSTS TOO MUCH—Don’t blame it on the farmer
if your kids’ milk costs somewhate more than 20c a quart. This chart,
prepared by UM newspapers, shows how the “take” of the New York
milk distributors has risen sharply in recent years, especially since
the end of price controls in 1946.
1943 1944
1946 1947
Senate Hearings
On ERP Finished
Washington (LPA)—Senate For
eign Relations Committee hearings
on the European recovery program
ended last week with its chairman,
Senator Arthur Vandenburg (R.,
Mich.), predicting that the Mar
shall plan will have Congressional
approval by April 1, when interim
aid funds run out.
House of Representatives hear
ings on the aid program are strag
gling along until the Senate bill
is prepared. Just where it will
draw the line between concessions
to Republican opponents of a $6.8
billion initial appropriation, and
the watering down of the recovery
program to a mere relief bill, is
not known.
Support is growing for a Brook
ings Institute plan of administra
tion, which calls for a government
corporation to operate the program,
but leaving all foreign policy ques
tions to the State Dep’t—a com
promise between the administra
tion measure and the business
backed Herter Bill. It is feared,
however, that too much emphasis
is put by Brookings on encourage
ment of private American invest
ment in Europe, too little on inter
governmental loans.
Curb Exchange Vote
Won By AFL Union
Local 205, United Financial Work
ers, AFL, has won a union shop
election among employes of the
New York Curb Exchange by a
vote of 178 to 12, the National La
bor Relations Board announced.
The 178 constitute a majority of
the 235 workers eligible to vote and
gives the union the right to bar
gain for a union shop provision.
John Cole, local vice president
said that the union, which won sim
ilar elections in the Stock Exchange
and Cotton Exchange, had extend
ed its contracts, which were due to
expire Jan. 31, to March 1.
Negotiations, he said, would start
at once with the 3 exchanges. The
union is asking a $9 weekly in
crease for employes getting less
than $40, and $15 for those getting
more than $40. Cole said scales
ranged from $27 to $102.
“So you met your wife at a
dance. Wasn’t that romantic?”
“No: embarrassing. I thought
she was home, taking care of the
Carpenters Deny
T-H Violation
Washington (LPA)—In a double|
barrelled attack upon the theories
of NLRB General Counsel Robert
H. Denham, the AFL carpenters
union last week told the Board
that its locals cannot be held in
violation of the Taft-Har41ey law
because the construction industry
is not in inter tate commerce. Fur
thermore, the Int’l Brotherhood of
Carpenters maintained,union mem
bers cannot con-titutior ally be
forced to work with non-union men.
The union’s case was made in a
brief filed with the NLRB in answ
er to Denham’s chai res that the
carpenters’ Chattanooga, Tenn., lo
cal was guilty of conducting a sec
ondary boycott—an unfair practice
under th? Taft-Hartley Act.
In the course of a dispute with
the Watson Specialty Co., the
union picketed the company’s store
and withdrew its members from a
construction job on which Watson
employes were installing its pro
ducts. An NLRB trial examiner has
asked for a cease and desist order
against the union. Previously, a
federal court had refused to issue
an injunction nguinst the union on
the ground that the action took
place prior to the effective date
of Taft-Hartley.
Besides pointing out that ’the
construction of buildings is not it
self a part of interstate commerce,
the union’s brief states that Con
gress may not “prevent union iw.’i
from selling or not selling their
labor as they please.” It may not
force union men to accept a change
in their traditional liberty to hot
work with non-unionists.
Denham argued that the ‘'ffery
act of striking and picketing for
such a case constitutes an ille
gal attempt to “coerce” non-union
Building trades unions, who have
long enjoyed closed shop conditions,
are reported to have engaged in
conversations with Denham to find
a method of conducting union shop
elections under Taft-Hartley. The
NLRB procesutor has admitted that
elections among craftsmen on every
construction job is impossible.
A solution may be found in divid
ing the nation into 600 to 700 areas
in which contractors have habitual
ly bargained with workers thru a
trade association and conducting
elections among workers in each
craft on an area-wide basis. Even
under such a scheme there would be
problems of weeding out transient
workers from among those build
ing trades workers eligible to vdte.
Such a. program would invol Vi 4
heavy expenditure of funds and
clerical labor, but it seems about
the only way in which the T-H
monstrosity can be applied to the
Should the Chattanooga carpen
ters establish their contention that
they are not engaged in interstate
commerce the whole muddle will be
In California, too, the Amalgama
ted Meat Cutters-A FL has chal
lenged an attempt by Denham to
apply Taft-Hartley to retail butch
er shops. Supported by the Cali
fornia Federation of Labor the
butchers maintain that interstate
eommfflce clearly ends before the
retail store, even if the shops in
volved are part of the Atlantic &
Pacific Tea Co., chain.
AFL’s Office Workers
Win Union Shop Vote
New York City—The AFL’s
fice Employes International Union
Won another union shop election
in the Wall Street financial dis
trict here.
In an election
National Labor
employes of the
Exchange voted
of the union shop.
Is Your
Don’t Fail to Use It
conducted by the
Relations Board,
New York Cotton
74 to 6 in favor
This represents the second re
sounding triumph'for Local 2C5 of
the Office Employes Union, form
erly known as the United Financial
Employes prior to its affiliation
with the AFL international union.
Recently, the union won a similar
union shop election held among em
ployes of the New York Stock Ex
We sometimes wonder whether
sponsors listen to their own com
About the only thing I glean
from personal letters is that some
body loves me.
NLRB Defends
From NMU Attack
Washington (LPA)—The NLRB
asked a three-man special Federal
-^rrrt last wck to reject the Nat’l
Multifile Unicn challenge to the
constitutionality of the non-Com
munist affidavit feature of the
Taft-Hadley *Act. Board lawyers
maintained that since the union had
not complied with sections 9f and
of the Act, whose constitutional
ity it does not question, it cannot
rn-'-e the issue of the legitimacy
ol L»h.
Sections 9f and 9g are the ones
requiring unions to file financial
statements and other data with the
Labor Dep’t before board facilities
for bargaining agent elections can
be made available to them. The
“no Communist officers” declara
tion is required by 9h.
In case, however, the court feels
it necessary to rule on the consti
tutionality of 9h, the board answ
ered the charges of William L.
Standard, NMU counsel.
Standard, in his presentation of
the case, pointed out that the NMU
had gone to great expense in its
organizing drive along the Great
Lakes and its exclusion from board
ballots in effect robbed its mem
bers there of the right to organize
and bargain collectively. w
Further, he asserted, the require
ment of filing Communist disclaim
ers is unconstitutional because it
interferes with the right of mem
bers of this party to hold union
office, and is a denial of civil lib
Board attorneys replied that un
ion activities are not directly in
terfered with by section 9h, and
defended the right of Congress to
deny access to the board’s facilities
to unions with Communist officials.
It is not the constitutional rights
of unions that are affected, they
claimed, but only the privileges ac
corded unions by such legislation as
the Wagner Act, which Congress
is free to amend or repeal.
Referring to the specific ban
against Communist Party members
holding office in unions petitioning
the board, the government attor
neys said that there is substantial
evidence to support the position of
Congress—that Communists seek to
utilize unions not primarily for
collective bargaining but for the
achievement of political aims.
They cited the exposes of Com
munist activities that have been
made by Joseph Curran, president
of the NMU, and the record of
the Allis-Chalmers strike in Wis
In response to questioning from
one of the judges, the board’s rep
resentatives admitted that some
political actions by unions are con
stitutional, but distinguished be
tween these and the calling of
strikes for political purposes, which
it asserted has been done by Com
munist union leaders.
The court’s ruling is not expect
ed for several months.
Taft-Hartley Law Held
Aid To Communists
York, Pa.—The Taft-Hartley law
actually assists the growth of
Communist infiltration into Ameri
can labor unions, according to Jo
seph M. Jacobs, a prominent labor
attorney of Chicago.
Jacobs told an AFL Pennsylvania
rally that “no Communist will be
deterred by an oath of allegiance
to our government—that is baby
stuff for them.”
“But under the Taft-Hartley
Law,” his prepared statement said,
“no Communist may be fired out of
a union if he pays his dues—and
many Communists are taking ad
vantage of that clause and thumb
ing their noses at American labor
leaders who are anxious to pre
serve the American system of pri
vate enterprise.”
AFL’s Meat Cutters
Hits Membership High
Chicago The AFL’s Amalga
mated Meat Cutters and Butcher
Workmen of North America re
ported continued growth despite
the active campaigns against labor
waged by private interests.
Patrick E. Gorman, secretary
treasurer of the union, said the
paid-up membership of the organ
ization reached 196,872 at the end
of D*cember, the largest total in
the union’s history.
Money Loaned
5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
Vice President W. E. DUNLAP, JB.. Attorney
That SwM OU Witch!
Woolen Workers
Win 3rd Raise
York (LPA) The third
of wage increases is
off for members of the
Workers Union. The union
announced last week that virtual
ly all of the unionized mills had
agreed to a 15c wage boost, and
about 50,000 non-union mill work
ers also have benefited. Between
90,000 and 100,000 unionized work
ers are involved.
Altogether, when present con
tract negotiations are over, more
than 150,000 workers are expected
to win a total of $59,000,000 in
yearly pay increases. This is the
third 15c pay boost for woolen
workers won by TWUA since the
end of the war, and raises the min
imum wage to $1.05 and average
hourly earnings to $1.42.
Anything For A Profit
Washington (LPA)—The Ameri
can oil industry spent $1,800,000
last year in a sales campaign which
resulted in more than 800,000 pur
chases 6f new oil burners. They
sold 80,000 burners in November
alone, the same month that Stand
ard Oil of New Jersey quietly con
verted its own Bayway, N. J. plant
from oil to coal.
......... I
rnovrirfit bv THE CHRONICLE. Ci*ci**at?* Labor NtwWf.\
Taft-Hartley Law Slows
Contract Negotiations
New York
president bf
AFL’s Building Service Employes
Union, placed the blame squarely
upon the Taft-Hartley law for
any possible work interruption re
sulting from the expiration of con
tracts with building owners here.
He said:
“We have been struggling with
the ‘red-tape’ of the Taft-Hartley
law which is causing delay and
confusion. Most of the owners feel
as we do, that in this industry at
least, it serves no purpose except
to interfere with orderly collective
“We are trying to avoid a work
stoppage. If any trouble does oc
cur, it will only be the fault of
those who have seen fit to disrupt
stabilized labor relations.”
David Sullivan,
Local 32-B of the
“See if you can laugh that off,”
said the fat man’s wife as she wired
a button on his vest.
During these cold winter mornings, how
much more convenient you'll find it to travel
to your work by VALLEY MOTOR BUS. You
ride comfortably in heated buses, and you are
free from the responsibilities of driving.
You'll find that even in spite of almost in
tolerable weather conditions, our drivers keep
their buses moving to get you there and back
Last, but by far the least from an econom
ical standpoint—It's the thrifty, easy way to go.
Valley Motor
Transit Co
Caravan Brings
Food To Strikers
Bakersfield, Cal. (LPA)
That evening, at the Melody
Bowl, the Kern County Labor Coun
cil, the Nat’l Farm Labor Union
and Local 87 of the Int’l Brother
hood of Teamsters welcomed the
NFLU president and many promi
nent members of the Hollywood
Screen Actors Guild who paid tri
bute to the strikers.
Thf farm workers have been evic
ted from their homes, arrested and
threatened with all kinds of violence
but have held out in the f?ght
against the combined anti-labor
forces in the San Joaquin Valley.
Starts Social Security Dep’t
Detroit (LPA)—The United Auto
Workers is setting up a Social Se
curity department for the union.
Harry Becker, medical care consul
tant for the Children’s Bureau of
the Federal Security Agency and
former president of Group Health
Ass’n in Washington, will be direc
tor, effective Feb. 16.
Newton, Mass. (ILNS)
increases of from 10 to
an hour in the starting
rates of various time work classi
fications were won by bedding
workers employed here by the Rose
Derry Co. They are members of
Local 421, Upholsterers’ Interna
tional Union, AFL, of CanAridge.
Experienced Modeler, Permanent Employment
Universal Potteries, Inc.
Cambridge, Ohio
“Friendship Caravan” from every
hfral labor council in California'
last week omupiit fond, money and
loth'’S to the striking farm work-,
era at the Di Giorgio ranch here
H. L. Mitchell, president of the
Nat’l Farm Labor I nion, AFL,
culled this car&.un “thv mnef signi
ficant demonstration of th- unity
of organized industrial workers
with nu icultural labor ever to oc
cur in Uie United States.**
Each AFL member in California
gave one can of food or 25c to lpt
the strikers who have been out/
for more than four month Twr
caravans, one from the north im i
one from the south, had a rend
vous at 12 noon on Highway 99
outside of Bakersfield and entered
the town together.
25 cents
and end

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