Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, February 111, 1948
THE TAFT-HARTLEY ACT Approximately six months have passed since the Taft-Hartley Act became effective. While it is too early to appraise the full impact ^aof Act on labor-management '•dilations, certain facts stand out mquite clearly. In the first place, it is certain that labor relations have deterior at»*d, regardless gf how strike sta tistics may be cited as proving any contrary thesis. A decline in man days lost due to strikes may or may not be due to the operation of a law. Strike statistics cannot be taken as a criterion of the success of any law in promoting peaceful labor-management relations, par ticularly on a short-term basis. Traditionally, intelligent manage ment and labor have taken the po sition that government’s role in the collective bargaining process is to facilitate negotiation. Certainly these were the objectives in fram ing the Norris-La Guardia and the Wagner Acts. Why Labor Opposes The Act Labor’s opposition to the Taft Hartley Act, therefore, grows out of the conviction that the law em bodies a perversion and denial of collective bargaining rights estab lished through legislation after years of effort. The Wagner Act placed labor at a reasonable parity with manage ment by ensuring that obstacles and pressures operating to weaken labor in the bargaining relationship were removed. It strengthened nions only at the point of recog izing their bargaining rights when D. C., a historic site facing the White House across Lafayette Park. 4—A call was sent out for a na tional conference on March 10 at the Washington Hotel of the Presi dents of all State Federations of Labor. The league’s Administrative Committee, which is scheduled to meet in Washington on March 9, will stay over for the Conference with the state representatives. The purpose of this meeting is to map perfect teamwork between the lea gue’s national organization and the State Federations of Labor. A number of state organizations, especially those where primary elections are to be held early, al ready have started functioning on the political front, Mr. Green said. He disclosed that a subcommit tee of the league’s administrative Committee is now canvassing the field for candidates for the job of executive director of ILPE. The recommendations will be submitted to the March 9 meeting and it is likely that a choice will be and announced at that time. Seasonal Factors Blamed For Drop made Washington, D. C. (ILNS)|—Em ployment in January dropped 800, 000 below December, largely as a result of seasonal factors, the U. S. Census Bureau said. Unem ployment rose 400,000 in that per iod to a total of 2,000,000, reflect ing, for the most part, layoffs in seasonal industries. Employment amounted to about 57,000,000 in January. That includ ed about 2,000,000 who did not work at their jobs in the survey week for various reasons but who were not looking for work. The estimates are based on sampling from Jan. 4, to 10. WHAT NEXT? Sr A robot painter, an automatic painting machine developer! by the General Electric Co., can clean, rustproof, paint and dry a variety of parts in record time, it is re ported from Schenectady, N. Y. Nearly 13,CC0 pieces cap be put through the time-saving machine in an hour. Parts to be painted are hung from a conveyor which car ries them first through a cleaning process of washing and rinsing after which they are dried and sprayed with paint. A baking oven completes the process. I LABOR AND THE LAW they represented a majority of the employees. The Taft Hartley amendments, however, leave only the hollow shell of the bargaining relationship, by setting up restric tioris and limitations which operate to embarrass and hamstring the union at every turn. The framers of the Wagner Act conceived of governmental agencies as aiding and facilitating the bar gaining process. The Taft-Hartley amendments establish governmen tal agencies as fascist bureaucra cies with more control over unions and the bargaining process than government exercises over any other aspect of American life. Varied Interpretations Possible As the situation now stands, neither management nor labor un derstands the full meaning of the law or how far it applies. At one point a poweful union may force its employer to forego certain ad vantages granted him under the Taft-Hartley Act. At another point, union employes and employers who have over the years worked out successful relationships are en couraged to work out arrangements to avoid responsibility under the law. Still other sections of the law make it virtually impossible for workers to establish collective bar gaining relationships through bona fide unions, by encouraging com pany unions, by permitting employ er resistance through the use of propaganda, and by encouraging litigation, contrary to the very principle of free collective bargain ing. Finally, it must be recognized that the major problems that may Labor's National Political League Swings Into Action Washington, D. C.—Labor’s-Lea gue for Political Education has swung into action on four fronts, it was announced. 1—Appointment of Joseph D. Keenan, as assistant to the execu tive officers of the league, was an nounced by National Chairman Wil liam Green and Secretary-Treasur er Geoqge Meany. Mr. Keenan, Sec retary of the Chicago Federation of Labor, served during the war as Vice Chairman of the War Produc tion Board and later as labor ad viser to Gen. Clay in the Ameri can-occupied zone of Germany. An energetic organizer, he will under take the task of setting up the Am erican Federation of Labor’s poli tical arm as a powerful force in the 1948 campaign. 2—Mr. Green and Mr. Meony is sued an appeal to all affiliated unions to begin a concerted drive among their members for voluntary contributions of $1 or mere to fi nance the league’s activities. 3—National headquarters for the '^"league will be opened on March 1 at 1525 St. N. W., Washington, Printers Seek Ruling T-H Law Unconstitutional Indianapolis (LPA)—A direct at tack on the constitutionality of the Taft-Hartley Act highlighted the Int’l Typographical Union’s battle here last week against the injunc tion sought by Robert N. Denham, general counsel of the Nat’l Labor Relations Board. At hearings on the injunction, held before Federal Judge Luther M. Swygert, union counsel Henry Kaiser immediately raised a legal challenge and asked that Denham’s petition be dismissed. Kaiser contended that the injunc tion section of the law outrightly violates constitutional guarantees. He also pressed another legal ob jection—namely that NLRB region al directors had no valid right un der the Act to seek injunctions, and that this right rested solely with the Board itself. Judge Swygert recessed the pro ceedings in order to rule on the legal points. This delay snagged the efforts of Denham and news paper publishers to get a quick in junction. Thev had hoped to stop the ITU dead in its tracks by en joining all its activities in defense of the “union shop” and of long established union standards in the printing and publishing industry. Also, Judge Swygert gave all branches of organized labor the right to file briefs supporting the ITU in its battle against the con stitutionality of the law’s injunc tive powers. The AFL, CIO, Machinists and Mine Workers all followed up by filing briefs. The IAM brief, sub mitted in the name of President Harvey W. Brown, contended that the Act is unconstitutional because it permits an injunction to restrain union activities, before a decision is even made on whether such ac tivities violate the law. Such “upside-down” procedure, Brown maintained, is in direct con flict with the constitution which prohibits depriving anyone of “life, liberty or property without due pro cess of law.” Action of the NLRB in delegat ing to Denham sole authority to seek injunctions also violates the law, Brown’s brief declared. Simi lar briefs were presented by the other labor organizations. The ITU hailed the intervention of the other labor groups. "These powerful reinforcements are time ly and welcomed,” the union said. Farm Pay Rates Rise In 1947 Washington, D. C. (ILNS) Farm wage rates rose 7 per cent ini 1947, the Bureau of Agricultural Economics reported. Farm em ployment at 8,129,000 on Jan. 1 was a little less than a year ago, mainly because of less favorable weather this year. Wage rates for farm 3 3-4 rate. Nationally, all classes of rates higher than last year at this time. However, all rates except one— per month without board—declined seasonally from the Oct. 1, 1947, jlevel. workers Jan. 1 were about times the 1935-39 average were from 6 to 8 per cent be anticipated under the Taft-Hart ley Act have not yet been encoun tered. It is probable that these are still ahead to be met when we have had further experience under the Act, A great number of collective bar gaining agreements have not yet been affected by the Act major tests are in prospect, therefore, when the time for renewal of these agreements arrive. Moreover, the number of cases before the NLRB., which was approximately 4,00C when the Taft-Hartley Act became effective, now stands at a figure approximately 40 per cent higher. Appeals resulting from these cases, as well as further appeals growing out of cases referred to the NLRB in the future, must be anticipated. These will mean litigation extend ing into the indefinite future to determine the rights of employers and employ*es under the law. Summary Of Objections Regardless of labor’s success or lack of success, however, in the re negotiation of such agreements or through its appeal to the courts, its basic objections to the Taft Hartley Act will remain unaltered. In summary, these objections are the law: (1) discourages the forma tion of unions by making organiza tion difficult (2) discourages free collective bargaining by increasing depen dence on litigation and legal pro cesses and (3) nullifies the spirit and in tent of the Wagney Act by weak ening the position of workers in the bargaining relationship with their employers. Broun Guild Awan To Andrews For Loyalty Stories New York (LPA)The Heywood Broun award in memory of the founder of the American Newspap er Guild this year went unanimous ly to Bert Andrews, head of the N. Y. Herald-Tribune’s Washing ton bureau. The judges awarded Andrews $500 in cash and a Guild citation for his series which exposed the State Department’s method of dis missing employes for security rea sons without letting them know the charges, and which resulted in a reform of the Department’s meth ods. At the same time they were unanimous in regretting that they had only one award to make. Washington correspondent Rob ert S. Allen commented, “The Broun award should be preserved as it is. It is unique and distinc tive, as was the great, fighting Guildsma^in whose memory it was established. But, while in no way detaching from the Broun award, it seemed to the judges that the time has come for the ANG to es tablish several other awards for ‘outstanding performance of duty’ in particular fields—editorials, car toons, special correspondence, over all excellence of a newspaper, and even radio.” Speaking for the three judges, Louis Lyons, curator of the Nei man Foundation, at Harvard, said, “We regarded Andrews’ stories on the loyalty issue as the most sig nificant reporting, not merely of 1947 but of several years.” Six other entries were singled out for honorable mention and for $100 cash awards which the judges took action on their own to provide. The six were: 1—Edward J. Donohoe of the Scranton Times for his coverage of a milk strike. “The character of his reporting of the strike over an eight-day period led to a rever sal of the editorial attitude of his own paper, the Scranton Times, which in turn was evidently a stra tegic factor in settling the strike.” 2—Ralph Andrist and Ralph Blacklund of Station WCCO, Min neapolis, for a series of six pro grams called “Neither Free nor Equal” attacking racial discrimina tion in the Northwest. “It showed what radio can do when the sta tion management has guts and a couple of writers have both inte grity and imagination.” 3—Herbert Block (Herblock), Washington Post, for cartoons. "His searing and superb cartoons are in the very greatest tradition of that art.” 4—Alfred Friendly, Washington Post, fpr his coverage of the Lilien thal hearings. “His reporting of the fantastic Senate hearings on the appointment of David Lilien thal as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission played an im portant part in exposing and de feating the sordid and sinister op position to this great public ser vant.” 5—Dillard Stokes, Washington Post, for his coverage of the U. S. Supreme Court. Allen said: "His brilliant reporting and penetrat ing analysis of Supreme Court de cisions is without parallel in Am erican journalism.” “This year’s numerous and sup erb entries” said Robert Allen, "de monstrated conclusively that the working press, and many editors, have turned to the American News paper Guild for the highest and most esteemed journalistic recogni tion.” RUNS THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO AFL’S LEAGUE Thfe: most important job of a long career in crucial posts for organized la bor will be that of Joseph D. Kee nan assistant to Wililam Green and George Meany in organizing La bor’s League for Political Educa tion. Keenan is secretary of the Chicago Federation of Labor, and during the war was vice-chairman of the War Products Board in Washington. $250,000 Fund For Organizing Drive Washington (LPA)— The Com. munications Workers of Ameri&f unaffiliated last week held a meet. ing of its executive board at which any nation-wide demand for the 200,000 telephone workers whose contracts expire this spring .was deferred. Bargaining will be on a local basis, CWA President Joseph Beime announced, with wage fig ures to be determined when “ne gotiations are more nearly at hand.” The union’s top body voted to increase its organizing budget from $78,000 to $250,000 a year. The aim of this action is two-fold, union spokesmen explained: to "fight the raiding” of the Telephone Work ers Organizing Committee-CIO and to bring into the labor move ment the 200,000 workers most of whom are still outside CWA or TWOC. The contract demands of CWA, besides higher wages, will include job protection provisions in accord ance with seniority, termination pay clauses, pension improvements, union shop, and “fringe issues pe culiar to a certain locality or type of work, or where present condi tions are below prevailing industry standards.” A $1000 donation was voted to the American Communications Ass’n-CIO and the All American Employes Ass’n-unaffiliated, whose members have been on strike since Jan. 2 against MacKay Radio & Telegraph Co., Commercial Cable Co., All-America Cables, and the cables division of Western Uni&i Other actions passed by the, board included one supporting lift ing of the prohibitive federal taxes on margarine, and another reject ing a proposal of the Seventh Day Advents that their members in stead of paying dues contribute to specific charities. The Adventist proposal was rejected because while CWA agrees Americans should have freedom to think as they wish, "this basic right does not carry with it the additional absolute right to impose distinc tions and differences in treatment upon those of other faiths and be liefs, engaged in cooperative ac tivities designed for mutual protec tion and betterment.” Opposing Henry Wallace’s third party movement, the board voted to set up a nation-wide legislative and political action program, fi nanced thru $1 voluntary contri butions of CWA members. The world and everything in it seems to be bossed by fewer peo ple every year. What’s the sense of paying a doc tor to tell you that what you need is a vacation you can’t afford? & I fir- 1 in1 End Seen For Russian-Dominated WFTU Protests Soviet Influence Win Back ray Award Washington, D. C^—The virtual II*— ," of the Soviet-donlnati-d Worldly a a| Fedora-ion of Trade mi. It a* the result of recent developments in the international '“rj ftld:, k.-, .u The ba i- for t:.- beu thel early demise of the federation the recent action of Arthur DMin,| federation president and generail f'retary of the British Transport unions located here and in Erie, Pa. AFL members affected by the agreement received a retroactive "The Voice of America .1$^ i? payment of 5 cents per hour for a|wlVr 32-month period ending September|a nade Ky the 4,796,399 New Cars Sold I VHIvICl Id WllIlLu I A-.—±2—MIMlf Continues As UPW I Inlexpkiialion of his stand, Mr. Iman instructed him to threaten D/akin »ald that last No^mber theLsl with a „,„cd|ation „f ro„. executive bureau of the WFTU de-Lract if it dora not tiale with cided to hold its next meeting be-ltt._ fore the end of February and to| hold a conference of the trades management asserts that it secretariat not later than the mid-|wlB n°f bargain with the UPW lo dle of January. |cal unt,‘ tke union 8 national lead “Both these decisions, it seems,” a’so comP^es with the Taft said Mr. Deakin, “are now to be|”ar^"‘y *aw ignored following discussions be-| A D. C. municipal court judge tween the secretary general and (sentenced one of the scab workers representatives of the All-Central |*n the government cafeterias to 90 Council of Soviet Unions.” (days in jail for crossing the picket According to Mr. Deakin there (line while carrying a pistol. was a majority in the executive Other decisions of UPW’s execu bureau desirous of holding these |tive board include establishment meetings and “it was only when |of an autOhomous board and a sep the Soviet representatives refused |arate director for its locals in the to attend that the others changed (federal service. Most of the union’s their opinion.” (members are in state and local gov “If, therefore, the position is now (ernment agencies. The board also that the WFTU is to be merely a (voted "approval of the emergency* political body dealing only with|of a th ini-political party, but did those questions acceptable to the (not specifically endorse the presi U. S. S. R., we know where we (dental candidacy of Henry Wallace, stand,” he continued. "In other] Alfred Bernstein, UPW represen words, if there is to be a line-up in Washington, said last of those national centers accepting week that the executive board has the policy laid down by the Comin- power to recommend complete form (Communist Information Bu- separation of the union’s federal reau) against those who dont, then|and local branche8 should it so de_ this decisioA must be regarded as|8jre at the national convention a reversal of the policy laid down which ig expected to take place in by the London and Pans confer- (April or May ences of the .WFTU which sought President Abram Flaxer and oth to establish world trade union unity er nationai officers have been un. on the broadest possible basis of Affidavits HCJCVlb AlllUdVILb Wa-hington (LPA)—Meeting in and General Workers Luton, in ac-lNr v Ycrk last week, the United cusing the fede/a'.ion of acting un-lpubiic Workers executive board der Soviet control by refusing to (turned down requests from “right call a conference of its executive|wing” union groups that it sign the burrmi to discuss the European Re-|Taft-TTu’Wy non-Communist offi cov r.v Program. |Cers’ affidavits. Its Loral 471, rep- Th is action is taken to mean that (resent i ng workers in federal gov the British Trades Union Congress, (ernment buildings cafeterias in which affilia’ with the WFTU, (Washington had filed the Commu will now throw its support behind (nist disclaimers in an atterrnt to the APL-sponsored m'-, rjng of free (secure go vernment intervention in i trade unions of 16 European na-|the -strike against Government tions which is scheduled for next (Services, Inc., which operates the month in Brus"Hs. it is c- pected (restaurants. that a new international luuor or-| yj, q„ie reraj ganization. excluding the Rj-LfWuuW' P.-./lip Fleming, who siane, may develop from thi. forth- kM cha fateral coming conn r, nee. Lenied report, that Pre.ld.-nt Tru Workers Ad- Ler increa8ed fire from locals in mutual help. (Detroit and Atlanta as well as |an opposition group in Washing- Fpdprnl Lahm- Unions lton- The national “right-wing” cau- lcus’ known as the Bui,d th“ Vnion (Committee, charges that the UPW mil wir o* (leadership follows the Communist Toledo, Ohio-Wilham Sturm, Pflrt u and a8gerts that th-s .g AFL organizer, reported the sue- wh itg me]nbership ani()I)g federal cessful conclusion of negotiations workers is iiiatively low. with the Interlake Iron Corporation I ________ providing for awards of back pay| to members of AFL federal labor|n -IJaa OmIiA A I IIvw Vplll AS ||JflD P||a||aa I E?Off" I llwllvw ti V LytlCll RCHaHlCS company amounted to $124,516 ini ... Toledo and $55,200 to union mem-| Washington (LPA) A loud bers in Erie Istorm of protest by southern Demo *______________ |crat members of Congress gn*et |ed President Truman’s message on Civil rights last week. Taking ad- Tn 1047 Rv Anin MakorJvantage of this’ G0P ,eaders has' ln IvM 4 ry AUlO lViaKersLened pUSb thru to the floor of Detroit— The automotive indus-l|ke House a bill punishing lynch try turned out 4,796,399 cardinK and th'‘Senate Labor Commit trucks, and coaches in 1947, there® on a vo*e which split both Automobile Manufacturers-Associa- |Part,es adk£,*’®a^ approved the tion reported. permanent FEPC bill The total exceeds 1946 by 551 There aPPea™d to be only one per cent, and was topped only by kon^te action expressing southern 1929’s factory sales of 5,358,42olhostlllt ’so far as Dem(*r^lc/ar units and 1937’s 4,808,974 cars, «‘",es were- concerned. Some trucks and coaches. Kunds from Sales for December represented |d"JelT on a 19 per cent increase over the pre- Fe ceding month and was 7.5 per cent |S_o”Jm,ttea higher than the previous record McGrath indicated that the DNC set for the year in October. approved of Truman s proposals southern Jackson Day Feb. 19 may be with the Democratic Nat’l Chairman J. Howard More cynical Republicans indicat ed little hope that either the anti llynching bill or the FEPC bill Iwould get past a southern Demo Icrat filibuster in the Senate. While Ithe anti-lynching bill has official GOP support, it will encounter the loudest and longest southern at tack. On the other hand, the FEPC bill was opposed in the Senate La 3.bor Committee vote by GOP lead ||er Robert A. Taft, Sen. Joseph Ball j|(R., Minn.) and Forrest Donnell (R., Mo.), as well as Democrats dAllen J. Ellender (La.), Lister Hill 1(Ala.). Sen. Claude Pepper (D., Fla.) was absent and gave no proxy. The southern protest over Tru man’s very complete message on civil rights was called “just a lit tle shin kicking within the fam ily” by Rep. James W. Trimble (D., Ark.). However, other Democrats predicted that the Southern Gov ernors’ Conference might act at their Florida meeting this week. Taking part in the verbal gymnas tics in the Senate and House w’ere Reps. Eugene Cox (Ga.), John B. Williams (Miss.), Sam Hobbs J|(Ala.), Thomas Abernethey (Miss.) g|L. M. Rivers (S. C.), Jamie L. Jwhitton (Miss.), and John Rankin |(Miss.). The message, on the other hand, was hailed by Co-Chairman A. Phil ip Randolph of the Nat’l Council for a Permanent FEPC. “It is up to the Republican majority in Con Jgress to follow thru and enact this (measure into law,” he said. THIS BUSINESS' 4 OF By MARY MOORE HAVE YOU HEARD? According to Dr. David ahiry, noted psychiatrist and fu-quont Town Hall lecturer, and ctndiic’.or of numerous classes in psychiatry, there are two kind of worry,—the dangerous type which causes men tal breakdown, and the construc tive worry, that recognizes a situ ation and does something about it. Dr. Seabury describes good, suc cessful worry as calm calculation. Dangerous worry, he says, is fear of consequences instead of control of consequences. He suggests a pat tern of thinking to encourage the best sequences in the mind, instead of focussing on dangerous sequen ces. Some of the "Nevers” he stresses are: Never worry in bed—get Ap and read to prevent the habit. Never worry until you know en ough facts for the answer to be found. Never do another person’s worry ing for him—each is entitled to solve his own. Never worry because someone thinks you should. Never become anxious with more than a half dozen worries at one time—leave the ^est to straighten out themselves. Never worry when peaved, and limit your time of worry to one half hour. Never dump worries on another person if you want him for a friend —he gets tired of carrying the load. GLAMOR The newest thing in the fashion industry is photo-print fabric, thel reproduction of photographs on textiles. “Smilin’ Thru” is the name of a new line of maternity dresses which «•!.’ -»in a wide dvdee-rf pastels in Suidi’s rayon en weave. They boast of a horseshoe shaped pleated bertha collar and gracefully full skirt and other pop ular new style features, and the dresses, of course, have a waistline adjustment. Fashion critics and designers are trying to promote the one piece bathing suit for 1948 rather than the popular two piece suit, but it’s doubtful if it will be generally ac cepted in Miami and the Southern tropical resorts. The American designers have certainly gone revolutionary in their new bathing suits. Some of the bathing ensembles are almost as elegent as formal evening gowns. Chintz, chambray and faille are be ing used for fabrics and pleats, ruffles, bustles and boning are be ing generously used to style them. Some of the most elegant to be seen are made of gold or silver elasticized material which hugs the figure like your own skin. The strapless providing maximum posure to the sun or anybody who wants to look. ma ex- else The overworked term “new look” is on its way out and design ers are now calling it the “now look”. WOMEN "Why have only a few of the top jobs in our world peace organiza tion gone to women?” That is the question the United Nations Women’s Commission is asking Secretary-General Trygve Lie. The women also want to know what the members of his 57-na tion family mean to do about giv ing the women the vote in the 19 out of the 57 countries which don’t have it. To date, Miss Mary Smieton, de I I I I I PAGE FIVE scribed as an extremely efficient, fair-minded Briton has the best wo man’s job at LN. Fl.q is director of personnel. She auJ» previously undersecretary of the British Minis try of Labor, the highest paying woman’s job in civil service. her own country'* says, "There is no having more wo- Miss Smieton reason for not men as far as job regulations go. Forty-eight per cent of the staff is women but it’s true +Fey are in the jar dor grades, clerks, typLt, stenographers, and the like. "Nor has it anything to do with lack of physical stamina. I think, rather, you have to look at this against the background of work which has been done by women in national public service—in local and national governments.” UN hiring is distributed geogra phically, including our own. Miss Smieton went on to say that inr every government there are very* few women in the top go'.»-rnmnt* posts. Women simply don’t hnvn the necessary experience and train ing in political and economic af fairs, nationally or internationally. Here at home we have nine women in our House of Representative in the midst of 426 men. There are no women in our Senate or in the President’s Cabinet. There are no women governors. Perhaps it is apathy on the part of the women or maybe they that having so much they don’t need to fight for public office. “Men in the UN who aren’t used to working with women in public life forget about them and re ver I It has taken ten years to develop the process, but this year photo graphic fabrics are moving into volume production. The public is enthusiastic about the results and already to be found on the market are scarves adorned with life-like orchids and picture vie^vs of the New York skyline. Neckties for men with their favorite sport in delibly photographed on the fabric are selling for about $3.50. Dress manufacturers are grabbing up fabric printed with roses that look so real you can almost smell them. think to request them when there’s a job to be filled,” observed Miss Smieton. The answer to he question seems to boil down to thfe fact that women have the same opportuni ties for UN jobs but don’t qualify for the specialized top spots. WHATS COOKIN’? It is said that approximately 65 per cent of the frozen foods on the market have' been thawed once or twice or reached too high tempera tures before reaching the consum er. This does not make the foods harmful, but they lose much of the vitamins and nutritive values. But the housewife has no way of knmmng how cold the frozen food pa iages have been kept. The’ Frozen Food Institute has develop-.' ed a package that would show the housewife which foods have been properly kept. It is a wrapper con taining a harmless chemical so ar ranged that a red band appears as a warning signal if the pack age has been warmer than 5 de grees above zero. But the frozen food packers so far, have not agreed to ust it. And there’s a swell job for organ ized women to undertake, because if they clamor loud enough and long enough they can achieve re sults. This is the time of year for a nice hot oyster stew. To make, sim mer 2 tblspns each of grated onion, minced celery, and parsley in 2 tblspns. of butter. Add 1 tblspn. flour and brown. Gradually add the liquor from the oysters and 1 pint of clear boullion. Season with salt and pepper and boil five min utes. Just before serving add the oysters and cook until they are well heated. Creole Pork Chops: Season with salt and pepper and dredge in flour a large pork chop for each person to be served and brown quickly in fat. Place in bottom of a large casserole and cover each chop with a thick slice of Bermuda onion, a thick ring of green pep per and fill pepper ring with a tablespoon of washed rice. Add one or two cans of tomato soup and bake in a moderate oven. Baste oc cassionally and add a little water if necessary. Fried Apple Rings are good with this. Put into a frying pan one cup sugar, one tblspn. butter and 3 tblspns. water. When sugar is melt ed add apple rings. Cover and cook slowly, adding more water as nec essary. Brown on both sides. RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow work- fellowship and character, and Whereas, We, the members of Local 99, recognize the loss of this brother and shall cherish and respect the mem I ory of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy and esteem, it is hereby further, Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to his family, a copy of this resolution be published in our official journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also that our charter be draped in mourning for thirty days. period of a JENNINGS SMITH, SAM ALLISON TED AEICHELE, I’. Committeer, L.