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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 19, 1948, Image 5

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Thursday, February 111, 1948
THE TAFT-HARTLEY ACT
Approximately six months have
passed since the Taft-Hartley Act
became effective. While it is too
early to appraise the full impact
^aof Act on labor-management
'•dilations, certain facts stand out
mquite clearly.
In the first place, it is certain
that labor relations have deterior
at»*d, regardless gf how strike sta
tistics may be cited as proving any
contrary thesis. A decline in man
days lost due to strikes may or may
not be due to the operation of a
law. Strike statistics cannot be
taken as a criterion of the success
of any law in promoting peaceful
labor-management relations, par
ticularly on a short-term basis.
Traditionally, intelligent manage
ment and labor have taken the po
sition that government’s role in the
collective bargaining process is to
facilitate negotiation. Certainly
these were the objectives in fram
ing the Norris-La Guardia and the
Wagner Acts.
Why Labor Opposes The Act
Labor’s opposition to the Taft
Hartley Act, therefore, grows out
of the conviction that the law em
bodies a perversion and denial of
collective bargaining rights estab
lished through legislation after
years of effort.
The Wagner Act placed labor at
a reasonable parity with manage
ment by ensuring that obstacles
and pressures operating to weaken
labor in the bargaining relationship
were removed. It strengthened
nions only at the point of recog
izing their bargaining rights when
D. C., a historic site facing the
White House across Lafayette
Park.
4—A call was sent out for a na
tional conference on March 10 at
the Washington Hotel of the Presi
dents of all State Federations of
Labor. The league’s Administrative
Committee, which is scheduled to
meet in Washington on March 9,
will stay over for the Conference
with the state representatives. The
purpose of this meeting is to map
perfect teamwork between the lea
gue’s national organization and the
State Federations of Labor.
A number of state organizations,
especially those where primary
elections are to be held early, al
ready have started functioning on
the political front, Mr. Green said.
He disclosed that a subcommit
tee of the league’s administrative
Committee is now canvassing the
field for candidates for the job of
executive director of ILPE. The
recommendations will be submitted
to the March 9 meeting and it is
likely that a choice will be
and announced at that time.
Seasonal Factors
Blamed For Drop
made
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)|—Em­
ployment in January dropped 800,
000 below December, largely as
a result of seasonal factors, the
U. S. Census Bureau said. Unem
ployment rose 400,000 in that per
iod to a total of 2,000,000, reflect
ing, for the most part, layoffs in
seasonal industries.
Employment amounted to about
57,000,000 in January. That includ
ed about 2,000,000 who did not work
at their jobs in the survey week
for various reasons but who were
not looking for work. The estimates
are based on sampling from Jan. 4,
to 10.
WHAT NEXT?
Sr A robot painter, an automatic
painting machine developer! by the
General Electric Co., can clean,
rustproof, paint and dry a variety
of parts in record time, it is re
ported from Schenectady, N. Y.
Nearly 13,CC0 pieces cap be put
through the time-saving machine
in an hour. Parts to be painted are
hung from a conveyor which car
ries them first through a cleaning
process of washing and rinsing
after which they are dried and
sprayed with paint. A baking oven
completes the process. I
LABOR AND THE LAW
they represented a majority of the
employees. The Taft Hartley
amendments, however, leave only
the hollow shell of the bargaining
relationship, by setting up restric
tioris and limitations which operate
to embarrass and hamstring the
union at every turn.
The framers of the Wagner Act
conceived of governmental agencies
as aiding and facilitating the bar
gaining process. The Taft-Hartley
amendments establish governmen
tal agencies as fascist bureaucra
cies with more control over unions
and the bargaining process than
government exercises over any
other aspect of American life.
Varied Interpretations Possible
As the situation now stands,
neither management nor labor un
derstands the full meaning of the
law or how far it applies. At one
point a poweful union may force
its employer to forego certain ad
vantages granted him under the
Taft-Hartley Act. At another point,
union employes and employers
who have over the years worked
out successful relationships are en
couraged to work out arrangements
to avoid responsibility under the
law. Still other sections of the law
make it virtually impossible for
workers to establish collective bar
gaining relationships through bona
fide unions, by encouraging com
pany unions, by permitting employ
er resistance through the use of
propaganda, and by encouraging
litigation, contrary to the very
principle of free collective bargain
ing.
Finally, it must be recognized
that the major problems that may
Labor's National Political
League Swings Into Action
Washington, D. C.—Labor’s-Lea
gue for Political Education has
swung into action on four fronts,
it was announced.
1—Appointment of Joseph D.
Keenan, as assistant to the execu
tive officers of the league, was an
nounced by National Chairman Wil
liam Green and Secretary-Treasur
er Geoqge Meany. Mr. Keenan, Sec
retary of the Chicago Federation of
Labor, served during the war as
Vice Chairman of the War Produc
tion Board and later as labor ad
viser to Gen. Clay in the Ameri
can-occupied zone of Germany. An
energetic organizer, he will under
take the task of setting up the Am
erican Federation of Labor’s poli
tical arm as a powerful force in
the 1948 campaign.
2—Mr. Green and Mr. Meony is
sued an appeal to all affiliated
unions to begin a concerted drive
among their members for voluntary
contributions of $1 or mere to fi
nance the league’s activities.
3—National headquarters for the
'^"league will be opened on March 1
at 1525 St. N. W., Washington,
Printers Seek
Ruling T-H Law
Unconstitutional
Indianapolis (LPA)—A direct at
tack on the constitutionality of the
Taft-Hartley Act highlighted the
Int’l Typographical Union’s battle
here last week against the injunc
tion sought by Robert N. Denham,
general counsel of the Nat’l Labor
Relations Board.
At hearings on the injunction,
held before Federal Judge Luther
M. Swygert, union counsel Henry
Kaiser immediately raised a legal
challenge and asked that Denham’s
petition be dismissed.
Kaiser contended that the injunc
tion section of the law outrightly
violates constitutional guarantees.
He also pressed another legal ob
jection—namely that NLRB region
al directors had no valid right un
der the Act to seek injunctions, and
that this right rested solely with
the Board itself.
Judge Swygert recessed the pro
ceedings in order to rule on the
legal points. This delay snagged
the efforts of Denham and news
paper publishers to get a quick in
junction. Thev had hoped to stop
the ITU dead in its tracks by en
joining all its activities in defense
of the “union shop” and of long
established union standards in the
printing and publishing industry.
Also, Judge Swygert gave all
branches of organized labor the
right to file briefs supporting the
ITU in its battle against the con
stitutionality of the law’s injunc
tive powers.
The AFL, CIO, Machinists and
Mine Workers all followed up by
filing briefs. The IAM brief, sub
mitted in the name of President
Harvey W. Brown, contended that
the Act is unconstitutional because
it permits an injunction to restrain
union activities, before a decision
is even made on whether such ac
tivities violate the law.
Such “upside-down” procedure,
Brown maintained, is in direct con
flict with the constitution which
prohibits depriving anyone of “life,
liberty or property without due pro
cess of law.”
Action of the NLRB in delegat
ing to Denham sole authority to
seek injunctions also violates the
law, Brown’s brief declared. Simi
lar briefs were presented by the
other labor organizations.
The ITU hailed the intervention
of the other labor groups. "These
powerful reinforcements are time
ly and welcomed,” the union said.
Farm Pay Rates
Rise In 1947
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)
Farm wage rates rose 7 per cent
ini 1947, the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics reported. Farm em
ployment at 8,129,000 on Jan. 1
was a little less than a year ago,
mainly because of less favorable
weather this year. Wage rates for
farm
3 3-4
rate. Nationally, all classes of
rates
higher than last year at this time.
However, all rates except one—
per month without board—declined
seasonally from the Oct. 1, 1947,
jlevel.
workers Jan. 1 were about
times the 1935-39 average
were from 6 to 8 per cent
be anticipated under the Taft-Hart
ley Act have not yet been encoun
tered. It is probable that these are
still ahead to be met when we have
had further experience under the
Act,
A great number of collective bar
gaining agreements have not yet
been affected by the Act major
tests are in prospect, therefore,
when the time for renewal of these
agreements arrive. Moreover, the
number of cases before the NLRB.,
which was approximately 4,00C
when the Taft-Hartley Act became
effective, now stands at a figure
approximately 40 per cent higher.
Appeals resulting from these cases,
as well as further appeals growing
out of cases referred to the NLRB
in the future, must be anticipated.
These will mean litigation extend
ing into the indefinite future to
determine the rights of employers
and employ*es under the law.
Summary Of Objections
Regardless of labor’s success or
lack of success, however, in the re
negotiation of such agreements or
through its appeal to the courts,
its basic objections to the Taft
Hartley Act will remain unaltered.
In summary, these objections are
the law: (1) discourages the forma
tion of unions by making organiza
tion difficult
(2) discourages free collective
bargaining by increasing depen
dence on litigation and legal pro
cesses and
(3) nullifies the spirit and in
tent of the Wagney Act by weak
ening the position of workers in the
bargaining relationship with their
employers.
Broun Guild Awan
To Andrews For
Loyalty Stories
New York (LPA)The Heywood
Broun award in memory of the
founder of the American Newspap
er Guild this year went unanimous
ly to Bert Andrews, head of the
N. Y. Herald-Tribune’s Washing
ton bureau.
The judges awarded Andrews
$500 in cash and a Guild citation
for his series which exposed the
State Department’s method of dis
missing employes for security rea
sons without letting them know
the charges, and which resulted in
a reform of the Department’s meth
ods. At the same time they were
unanimous in regretting that they
had only one award to make.
Washington correspondent Rob
ert S. Allen commented, “The
Broun award should be preserved
as it is. It is unique and distinc
tive, as was the great, fighting
Guildsma^in whose memory it was
established. But, while in no way
detaching from the Broun award,
it seemed to the judges that the
time has come for the ANG to es
tablish several other awards for
‘outstanding performance of duty’
in particular fields—editorials, car
toons, special correspondence, over
all excellence of a newspaper, and
even radio.”
Speaking for the three judges,
Louis Lyons, curator of the Nei
man Foundation, at Harvard, said,
“We regarded Andrews’ stories on
the loyalty issue as the most sig
nificant reporting, not merely of
1947 but of several years.”
Six other entries were singled out
for honorable mention and for $100
cash awards which the judges took
action on their own to provide. The
six were:
1—Edward J. Donohoe of the
Scranton Times for his coverage
of a milk strike. “The character
of his reporting of the strike over
an eight-day period led to a rever
sal of the editorial attitude of his
own paper, the Scranton Times,
which in turn was evidently a stra
tegic factor in settling the strike.”
2—Ralph Andrist and Ralph
Blacklund of Station WCCO, Min
neapolis, for a series of six pro
grams called “Neither Free nor
Equal” attacking racial discrimina
tion in the Northwest. “It showed
what radio can do when the sta
tion management has guts and a
couple of writers have both inte
grity and imagination.”
3—Herbert Block (Herblock),
Washington Post, for cartoons.
"His searing and superb cartoons
are in the very greatest tradition
of that art.”
4—Alfred Friendly, Washington
Post, fpr his coverage of the Lilien
thal hearings. “His reporting of
the fantastic Senate hearings on
the appointment of David Lilien
thal as chairman of the Atomic
Energy Commission played an im
portant part in exposing and de
feating the sordid and sinister op
position to this great public ser
vant.”
5—Dillard Stokes, Washington
Post, for his coverage of the U. S.
Supreme Court. Allen said: "His
brilliant reporting and penetrat
ing analysis of Supreme Court de
cisions is without parallel in Am
erican journalism.”
“This year’s numerous and sup
erb entries” said Robert Allen, "de
monstrated conclusively that the
working press, and many editors,
have turned to the American News
paper Guild for the highest and
most esteemed journalistic recogni
tion.”
RUNS
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
AFL’S LEAGUE Thfe:
most important job of a long career
in crucial posts for organized la
bor will be that of Joseph D. Kee
nan assistant to Wililam Green and
George Meany in organizing La
bor’s League for Political Educa
tion. Keenan is secretary of the
Chicago Federation of Labor, and
during the war was vice-chairman
of the War Products Board in
Washington.
$250,000 Fund For
Organizing Drive
Washington (LPA)— The Com­.
munications Workers of Ameri&f
unaffiliated last week held a meet­.
ing of its executive board at which
any nation-wide demand for the
200,000 telephone workers whose
contracts expire this spring .was
deferred. Bargaining will be on a
local basis, CWA President Joseph
Beime announced, with wage fig
ures to be determined when “ne
gotiations are more nearly at
hand.”
The union’s top body voted to
increase its organizing budget from
$78,000 to $250,000 a year. The aim
of this action is two-fold, union
spokesmen explained: to "fight the
raiding” of the Telephone Work
ers Organizing Committee-CIO
and to bring into the labor move
ment the 200,000 workers most of
whom are still outside CWA or
TWOC.
The contract demands of CWA,
besides higher wages, will include
job protection provisions in accord
ance with seniority, termination
pay clauses, pension improvements,
union shop, and “fringe issues pe
culiar to a certain locality or type
of work, or where present condi
tions are below prevailing industry
standards.”
A $1000 donation was voted to
the American Communications
Ass’n-CIO and the All American
Employes Ass’n-unaffiliated, whose
members have been on strike since
Jan. 2 against MacKay Radio &
Telegraph Co., Commercial Cable
Co., All-America Cables, and the
cables division of Western Uni&i
Other actions passed by the,
board included one supporting lift
ing of the prohibitive federal taxes
on margarine, and another reject
ing a proposal of the Seventh Day
Advents that their members in
stead of paying dues contribute to
specific charities. The Adventist
proposal was rejected because
while CWA agrees Americans
should have freedom to think as
they wish, "this basic right does
not carry with it the additional
absolute right to impose distinc
tions and differences in treatment
upon those of other faiths and be
liefs, engaged in cooperative ac
tivities designed for mutual protec
tion and betterment.”
Opposing Henry Wallace’s third
party movement, the board voted
to set up a nation-wide legislative
and political action program, fi
nanced thru $1 voluntary contri
butions of CWA members.
The world and everything in it
seems to be bossed by fewer peo
ple every year.
What’s the sense of paying a doc
tor to tell you that what you need
is a vacation you can’t afford?
&
I
fir- 1 in1
End Seen For Russian-Dominated
WFTU Protests Soviet Influence
Win Back ray Award
Washington, D. C^—The virtual II*— ,"
of the Soviet-donlnati-d Worldly a a|
Fedora-ion of Trade
mi.
It a* the result of recent
developments in the international
'“rj ftld:, k.-, .u
The ba i- for t:.- beu thel
early demise of the federation
the recent action of Arthur DMin,|
federation president and generail
f'retary of the British Transport
unions located here and in Erie, Pa.
AFL members affected by the
agreement received a retroactive
"The Voice of America
.1$^
i?
payment of 5 cents per hour for a|wlVr
32-month period ending September|a
nade Ky the
4,796,399 New Cars Sold
I VHIvICl Id WllIlLu
I A-.—±2—MIMlf
Continues As UPW
I
Inlexpkiialion of his stand, Mr. Iman instructed him to threaten
D/akin »ald that last No^mber theLsl with a „,„cd|ation „f ro„.
executive bureau of the WFTU de-Lract if it dora not tiale with
cided to hold its next meeting be-ltt._
fore the end of February and to|
hold a conference of the trades management asserts that it
secretariat not later than the mid-|wlB n°f bargain with the UPW lo
dle of January. |cal unt,‘ tke union 8 national lead
“Both these decisions, it seems,” a’so comP^es with the Taft
said Mr. Deakin, “are now to be|”ar^"‘y *aw
ignored following discussions be-| A D. C. municipal court judge
tween the secretary general and (sentenced one of the scab workers
representatives of the All-Central |*n the government cafeterias to 90
Council of Soviet Unions.” (days in jail for crossing the picket
According to Mr. Deakin there (line while carrying a pistol.
was a majority in the executive Other decisions of UPW’s execu
bureau desirous of holding these |tive board include establishment
meetings and “it was only when |of an autOhomous board and a sep
the Soviet representatives refused |arate director for its locals in the
to attend that the others changed (federal service. Most of the union’s
their opinion.” (members are in state and local gov
“If, therefore, the position is now (ernment agencies. The board also
that the WFTU is to be merely a (voted "approval of the emergency*
political body dealing only with|of a th ini-political party, but did
those questions acceptable to the (not specifically endorse the presi
U. S. S. R., we know where we (dental candidacy of Henry Wallace,
stand,” he continued. "In other] Alfred Bernstein, UPW represen
words, if there is to be a line-up in Washington, said last
of those national centers accepting week that the executive board has
the policy laid down by the Comin- power to recommend complete
form (Communist Information Bu- separation of the union’s federal
reau) against those who dont, then|and local branche8 should it so de_
this decisioA must be regarded as|8jre at the national convention
a reversal of the policy laid down which ig expected to take place in
by the London and Pans confer- (April or May
ences of the .WFTU which sought President Abram Flaxer and oth
to establish world trade union unity er nationai officers have been un.
on the broadest possible basis of
Affidavits
HCJCVlb AlllUdVILb
Wa-hington (LPA)—Meeting in
and General Workers Luton, in ac-lNr v Ycrk last week, the United
cusing the fede/a'.ion of acting un-lpubiic Workers executive board
der Soviet control by refusing to (turned down requests from “right
call a conference of its executive|wing” union groups that it sign the
burrmi to discuss the European Re-|Taft-TTu’Wy non-Communist offi
cov r.v Program. |Cers’ affidavits. Its Loral 471, rep-
Th is action is taken to mean that (resent i ng workers in federal gov
the British Trades Union Congress, (ernment buildings cafeterias in
which affilia’ with the WFTU, (Washington had filed the Commu
will now throw its support behind (nist disclaimers in an atterrnt to
the APL-sponsored m'-, rjng of free (secure go vernment intervention in
i trade unions of 16 European na-|the -strike against Government
tions which is scheduled for next (Services, Inc., which operates the
month in Brus"Hs. it is c- pected (restaurants.
that a new international luuor or-| yj, q„ie reraj
ganization. excluding the Rj-LfWuuW' P.-./lip Fleming, who
siane, may develop from thi. forth- kM cha fateral
coming conn r, nee. Lenied report, that Pre.ld.-nt Tru
Workers Ad-
Ler increa8ed fire from locals in
mutual help. (Detroit and Atlanta as well as
|an opposition group in Washing-
Fpdprnl Lahm- Unions lton- The national “right-wing”
cau-
lcus’ known as the Bui,d th“
Vnion
(Committee, charges that the UPW
mil wir o* (leadership follows the Communist
Toledo, Ohio-Wilham Sturm, Pflrt u and a8gerts that th-s .g
AFL organizer, reported the sue- wh itg me]nbership ani()I)g federal
cessful conclusion of negotiations workers is iiiatively low.
with the Interlake Iron Corporation I ________
providing for awards of back pay|
to members of AFL federal labor|n
-IJaa OmIiA A
I IIvw Vplll AS
||JflD
P||a||aa
I
E?Off"
I llwllvw ti V
LytlCll RCHaHlCS
company amounted to $124,516 ini ...
Toledo and $55,200 to union mem-| Washington (LPA) A loud
bers in Erie Istorm of protest by southern Demo
*______________ |crat members of Congress gn*et
|ed President Truman’s message on
Civil rights last week. Taking ad-
Tn 1047 Rv Anin MakorJvantage of this’ G0P ,eaders has'
ln IvM 4 ry AUlO
lViaKersLened pUSb thru to the floor of
Detroit— The automotive indus-l|ke House a bill punishing lynch
try turned out 4,796,399 cardinK and th'‘Senate Labor Commit
trucks, and coaches in 1947, there® on a vo*e which split both
Automobile Manufacturers-Associa- |Part,es adk£,*’®a^ approved the
tion reported. permanent FEPC bill
The total exceeds 1946 by 551 There aPPea™d to be only one
per cent, and was topped only by kon^te action expressing southern
1929’s factory sales of 5,358,42olhostlllt ’so far as Dem(*r^lc/ar
units and 1937’s 4,808,974 cars, «‘",es were- concerned. Some
trucks and coaches. Kunds from
Sales for December represented |d"JelT on
a 19 per cent increase over the pre-
Fe
ceding month and was 7.5 per cent |S_o”Jm,ttea
higher than the previous record McGrath indicated that the DNC
set for the year in October. approved of Truman s proposals
southern Jackson Day
Feb. 19 may be with
the Democratic Nat’l
Chairman J. Howard
More cynical Republicans indicat
ed little hope that either the anti
llynching bill or the FEPC bill
Iwould get past a southern Demo
Icrat filibuster in the Senate. While
Ithe anti-lynching bill has official
GOP support, it will encounter the
loudest and longest southern at
tack. On the other hand, the FEPC
bill was opposed in the Senate La
3.bor Committee vote by GOP lead
||er Robert A. Taft, Sen. Joseph Ball
j|(R., Minn.) and Forrest Donnell
(R., Mo.), as well as Democrats
dAllen J. Ellender (La.), Lister Hill
1(Ala.). Sen. Claude Pepper (D.,
Fla.) was absent and gave no
proxy.
The southern protest over Tru
man’s very complete message on
civil rights was called “just a lit
tle shin kicking within the fam
ily” by Rep. James W. Trimble (D.,
Ark.). However, other Democrats
predicted that the Southern Gov
ernors’ Conference might act at
their Florida meeting this week.
Taking part in the verbal gymnas
tics in the Senate and House w’ere
Reps. Eugene Cox (Ga.), John B.
Williams (Miss.), Sam Hobbs
J|(Ala.), Thomas Abernethey (Miss.)
g|L. M. Rivers (S. C.), Jamie L.
Jwhitton (Miss.), and John Rankin
|(Miss.).
The message, on the other hand,
was hailed by Co-Chairman A. Phil
ip Randolph of the Nat’l Council
for a Permanent FEPC. “It is up
to the Republican majority in Con
Jgress to follow thru and enact this
(measure into law,” he said.
THIS BUSINESS' 4
OF
By MARY MOORE
HAVE YOU HEARD?
According to Dr. David ahiry,
noted psychiatrist and fu-quont
Town Hall lecturer, and ctndiic’.or
of numerous classes in psychiatry,
there are two kind of worry,—the
dangerous type which causes men
tal breakdown, and the construc
tive worry, that recognizes a situ
ation and does something about it.
Dr. Seabury describes good, suc
cessful worry as calm calculation.
Dangerous worry, he says, is fear
of consequences instead of control
of consequences. He suggests a pat
tern of thinking to encourage the
best sequences in the mind, instead
of focussing on dangerous sequen
ces.
Some of the "Nevers” he stresses
are:
Never worry in bed—get Ap and
read to prevent the habit.
Never worry until you know en
ough facts for the answer to be
found.
Never do another person’s worry
ing for him—each is entitled to
solve his own.
Never worry because someone
thinks you should.
Never become anxious with more
than a half dozen worries at one
time—leave the ^est to straighten
out themselves.
Never worry when peaved, and
limit your time of worry to one
half hour.
Never dump worries on another
person if you want him for a friend
—he gets tired of carrying the
load.
GLAMOR
The newest thing in the fashion
industry is photo-print fabric, thel
reproduction of photographs on
textiles.
“Smilin’ Thru” is the name of a
new line of maternity dresses which
«•!.’ -»in a wide dvdee-rf pastels in
Suidi’s rayon en
weave. They boast of a horseshoe
shaped pleated bertha collar and
gracefully full skirt and other pop
ular new style features, and the
dresses, of course, have a waistline
adjustment.
Fashion critics and designers are
trying to promote the one piece
bathing suit for 1948 rather than
the popular two piece suit, but it’s
doubtful if it will be generally ac
cepted in Miami and the Southern
tropical resorts.
The American designers have
certainly gone revolutionary in
their new bathing suits. Some of
the bathing ensembles are almost
as elegent as formal evening gowns.
Chintz, chambray and faille are be
ing used for fabrics and pleats,
ruffles, bustles and boning are be
ing generously used to style them.
Some of the most elegant to be
seen are made of gold or silver
elasticized material which hugs the
figure like your own skin. The
strapless providing maximum
posure to the sun or anybody
who wants to look.
ma
ex-
else
The overworked term “new
look” is on its way out and design
ers are now calling it the “now
look”.
WOMEN
"Why have only a few of the top
jobs in our world peace organiza
tion gone to women?”
That is the question the United
Nations Women’s Commission is
asking Secretary-General Trygve
Lie. The women also want to know
what the members of his 57-na
tion family mean to do about giv
ing the women the vote in the 19
out of the 57 countries which don’t
have it.
To date, Miss Mary Smieton, de­
I
I
I
I
I
PAGE FIVE
scribed as an extremely efficient,
fair-minded Briton has the best wo
man’s job at LN. Fl.q is director
of personnel. She
auJ»
previously
undersecretary of the British Minis
try of Labor, the highest paying
woman’s job in
civil service.
her own country'*
says, "There is no
having more wo-
Miss Smieton
reason for not
men as far as job regulations go.
Forty-eight per cent of the staff
is women but it’s true +Fey are in
the jar dor grades, clerks, typLt,
stenographers, and the like.
"Nor has it anything to do with
lack of physical stamina. I think,
rather, you have to look at this
against the background of work
which has been done by women in
national public service—in local
and national governments.”
UN hiring is distributed geogra
phically, including our own. Miss
Smieton went on to say that inr
every government there are very*
few women in the top go'.»-rnmnt*
posts. Women simply don’t hnvn
the necessary experience and train
ing in political and economic af
fairs, nationally or internationally.
Here at home we have nine women
in our House of Representative in
the midst of 426 men. There are
no women in our Senate or in the
President’s Cabinet. There are no
women governors.
Perhaps it is apathy on the part
of the women or maybe they
that having so much they don’t
need to fight for public office.
“Men in the UN who aren’t used
to working with women in public
life forget about them and re ver
I
It has taken ten years to develop
the process, but this year photo
graphic fabrics are moving into
volume production. The public is
enthusiastic about the results and
already to be found on the market
are scarves adorned with life-like
orchids and picture vie^vs of the
New York skyline. Neckties for
men with their favorite sport in
delibly photographed on the fabric
are selling for about $3.50. Dress
manufacturers are grabbing up
fabric printed with roses that look
so real you can almost smell them.
think to request them when there’s
a job to be filled,” observed Miss
Smieton.
The answer to he question
seems to boil down to thfe fact that
women have the same opportuni
ties for UN jobs but don’t qualify
for the specialized top spots.
WHATS COOKIN’?
It is said that approximately 65
per cent of the frozen foods on the
market have' been thawed once or
twice or reached too high tempera
tures before reaching the consum
er. This does not make the foods
harmful, but they lose much of the
vitamins and nutritive values.
But the housewife has no way
of knmmng how cold the frozen
food pa iages have been kept. The’
Frozen Food Institute has develop-.'
ed a package that would show the
housewife which foods have been
properly kept. It is a wrapper con
taining a harmless chemical so ar
ranged that a red band appears
as a warning signal if the pack
age has been warmer than 5 de
grees above zero. But the frozen
food packers so far, have not
agreed to ust it.
And there’s a swell job for organ
ized women to undertake, because
if they clamor loud enough and
long enough they can achieve re
sults.
This is the time of year for a
nice hot oyster stew. To make, sim
mer 2 tblspns each of grated onion,
minced celery, and parsley in 2
tblspns. of butter. Add 1 tblspn.
flour and brown. Gradually add the
liquor from the oysters and 1
pint of clear boullion. Season with
salt and pepper and boil five min
utes. Just before serving add the
oysters and cook until they are
well heated.
Creole Pork Chops: Season with
salt and pepper and dredge in
flour a large pork chop for each
person to be served and brown
quickly in fat. Place in bottom of
a large casserole and cover each
chop with a thick slice of Bermuda
onion, a thick ring of green pep
per and fill pepper ring with a
tablespoon of washed rice. Add one
or two cans of tomato soup and
bake in a moderate oven. Baste oc
cassionally and add a little water
if necessary.
Fried Apple Rings are good with
this. Put into a frying pan one cup
sugar, one tblspn. butter and 3
tblspns. water. When sugar is melt
ed add apple rings. Cover and cook
slowly, adding more water as nec
essary. Brown on both sides.
RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has
seen fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow work-
fellowship and character, and
Whereas, We, the members of Local 99, recognize the
loss of this brother and shall cherish and respect the mem
I ory of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy
and esteem, it is hereby further,
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to his
family, a copy of this resolution be published in our official
journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes
of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also
that our charter be draped in mourning for
thirty days.
period of
a
JENNINGS SMITH,
SAM ALLISON
TED AEICHELE,
I’.
Committeer, L.

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