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a.- Congress Extends Rent Control In Modified Form For One Year Washington—Congress approved and sent to President, Truman a compromise measure extending rent control in modified form un til March 31, 1949. In place of the provision in the House bill which would have given local boards power to determine whether rent control should be con tinued, the compromise version es tablished a new federal court to review disputed cases and render a final decision. The American Federation of La bor approved the grant of arbitrary power to local rent boards on grounds it would mean the virtual end to effective controls. The measure adopted provides that the Emergency Court of Ap peals, established in the Price Con trol Act of 1942, review fully the evidence of both sides in cases where the Expediter rejects the recommendations submitted by the local boards. The court, made up of three or more federal judges named by the Chief Justice of the United States, would automatically receive the challenged recommendations. It would be required to uphold recom mendations based upon “adequate and substantial evidence” and sup port the expediter if it found them “not of sufficient weight.” The measure stipulates that the 665 local boards must conduct pub lic hearings and give appropriate advance notice of them before ar riving at any recommendations. In other nrovisions governing some 50,000*00 persons living in 13,000,000 dwellings under federal rent control, the law says: Landlords and tenants may enter into “voluntary” leases extending at least through Dec. 31, 1949, and permitting rent increases of up to 15 per cent. Units operating under similar We are equipped render complete Funer al and Ambiance Ser vice, Promptly. MARTIN Funeral Home 145 W. Fifth St PHONE l« UcflMM FT 4^4 leases, under provisions of exist ing law, would be “frozen” at the stipulated rentals without any pyr amiding of an additional 15 per cent for the duration of the exten sion. Units operating under existing “voluntary” leases, that became free from controls through vacancy between Jan. 1 and the effective date of the extension, would remain uncontrolled. Nonhousekeeping furnished rooms in private homes lodging one or two paying guests would be remov ed from controls It was made clear that it was the intent of Congress that most hotel accommodations were to be removed from controls if customary hotel services were made available, even if not used. Except for nonpayment or crea tion of a nuisance, a 60-day notice would be required for eviction. Evictions would also be possible for dwelling alterations, occupancy by a landlord’s immediate family or his election to withdraw the prop erty from the rental market. To combat the “cooperative hous ing racket” in metropolitan areas, it was provided that 65 per cent of the stock in proposed co-operative apartments had to be held by ten ants and occupants. A&oclfction Honors Memory Of Furu-oth New York— The 94th birthday anniversary of the late Andrew Furuseth, rather of the LaFollette Seaman’s Act, passed by Congress in 1915 was celebrated recently by the Friends of Andrew Furuseth Legislative Association. In connection with the observ ance, Silas B. Axtell, counsel and one of the founders of the associa tion, announced is sponsoring a library or room Union buildings memory of Mr. Furuseth. the organization move to have a in all Seamen’s dedicated to the Mr. Axtell also said a book on the “Life and Work of Andrew Furuseth” will soon be published for general distribution. Mr. Furuseth, frequently called the Abraham Lincoln of the sea, lied in Washington, D. C., on Jan uary 28, 1938. His body laid in state in the rotunda of the Labor Department building, an honor ac itord«*d to no other labor leader in America. The stories told by women usual ly leave a man wondering what’s funny. Why did Aunt Hallie wrap the ice in paper? It uiade the ice melt slower, bo she figured she’d save money. You don't see today's Aunt Hallie rustling around trying to turn off her electric refriger ator Housekeeping economy is just as impor tant, hut there's a difference .’ It costs so very lUtle to run a refrigerator with dectricUy! For an average family—less than a nickel a day. You've helfied make electricity so low in price by using it for more and more jobs. And the sound, business methods of the electric companies have made it more and more of a bargain, in spite of the rising costs of making Today, the average family still gets tieice as much electricity fur Us money as it did just twenty years ago! l.iitrn to tho Electric Hour—Tut Hoi s pr Chaim. Sundays 5,30 /’.M, E5T, C'05, mi J** OHIO POWERS The Individual A.F. of L. Member and Registration “The success of the registration and voting program of Labor’s Educational and Political League depends in the final analysis, upon its complete acceptance by the rank-and-file membership of the American Federation of Labor in Ohio,” says Phil Hannah, its Secre tary-Treasurer. Hannah continued: “It is the individual member, his family and his friends who will ul timately bring success to the great task which we are attempting it is the individual member who will be the keystone, the very core of Labor’s Educational and Political League. “Without full, sincere participa tion by the individual member our lofty aims will fail. “Does the individual member of the American Federation of Labor in Ohio want rising living stand ards? Does he want to protect his Union organization? Does he resent the indignities that have been heap ed upon Labor? “With all our heart we are con vinced that he does. We are con vinced that he wants to defend the gains won by his predecessors the heroic members of Organized Labor who endured great trials that we might achieve the status we enjoy today. “We believe that through his friendly persuasion, his logic in presenting the case of Labor versus its Enemies, that thousands of workers, their families and their friends will pour out of homes, I plants, shops, factories, mini's and offices to march to registration booths, to the polls ... in the great demonstration of voting strength ever witnessed in the State Ohio.” duplication with other bureaus but in his experience it had been BLS statistics in the other reports. “In my opinion and that of our staff,” Taft declared, “better con tinue this work under a going con cern. In our study BLS has been invaluable in providing the high prices of consumer goods, detailed local statistics, and specific statis tics in the steel area.” Committee members K nowland (R., Cal.) interrupted to state that the committee recognized the value of BLS studies not only in labor hut in general economic field and that the Senate wants to enable it to continue. “But,” he said, “they’ve asked $1 million more and we don’t want to keep extending it to an unlimited degree.” In answer, Taft pointed out that in the fiscal year they were handi capped with only $4,037,000. "There is now inadequate data on family income,” he snid, “because of the BLS lack of funds.” He termed the House figure of $2,500,000 “way low.” Such a low appropriation would necessitate the end of the whoh'sale price index, strike sta tistics, productivity index, man power study, disposition of income and many other important reports which the Bureau issues. New York (Continued From Page One) leadership Continued “This bill is one of the important accomplishments of the 1948 legis lature. It continued New York’s position in the chain of the states with wise legislation for the pro tection of the injured worker and his family. New York state was the pioneer state in this field. Through the major revisions in benefit rates in 1944, and now again this year, New York’s record has bpen carried forward.” from them Buy Union-Made goods others as you would have pay Union wages unto you! Fact Finders (Continued From Page One) er, as a volunteer arbitration tribu nal. But Feinsinger replied that ar bitration is not included in the board’s powers, and any award that it might make would be subject to approval in Washington. To Helstein’s request that hear ings before the commission be open to the public, Feinsinger ans wered that publication of its re port would furnish adequate pub licity to the issues. Qn the eve of the March 16 strike date President Truman wired UPW asking that it accept the status quo pending the report of the commit tee. The union replied that it would do so if the President could per suade the industry to immediately grant the 9c an hour raise that it had admitted was due the workers. No reply was received either from the packers or the White House, and 100,000 workers went on strike. UPW has asked for a 29c-an hour raise, the amount necessary to bring packinghouse averages-up to the point which the Bureau of Labor Statistics says is necessary for a minimum living standard. To date, packers have not gone above their 9c concession, while the union has said that it would “consider” a 19c offer. When the fact-finding board re ports, the President may, under the Taft-Hartley law, instruct the At torney General to seek an injunc tion to outlaw the strike for 80 days. A second study of the dis pute would then be made, provid ing no settlement was reached, after which the NLRB would re quest the lifting of the injunction and poll strikers on acceptance of the last company offer. If still un settled, the dispute would then be referred to Congress. of Taft Asks Full (Continued From Page One) US Agriculture and Labor Dep’t statistics reveal that between June 1946 and June 1947 packers in creased their prices to retailers 89 per cent. During the same period the amount they paid farmers went up only 47 per cent, and retailers increased their prices only 61 per cent. On the basis of these figures, UPW points out that the meat packing industry has been the principal profiteer since the end of OPA. The union has also adjusted the Labor Dep’t four-person-family budget to the three-person-family which the industry typical, and found hour is necessary decent standard of over two-thirds of the industry make hourly wages of $1.10 or less, UPW asked for a 29c increase. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO Clay Shop Workers of Carrollton Pottery 1905 claims is more that $1.39 per to maintain a living. Since the workers in Weak (Continued From Page One) Hotel are and Rent increases of 15 per cent sanctioned when landlord tenants agree on the terms of a lease running through 1949. Ten ants who agreed to increase last year cannot, however, be asked to accept another one, and their pre sent rates are protested till Hhe termination of the act—March 31, 1949. and non-housekeeping rooming house accommodations are decontrolled, where they are not more than two “paying guests’ in the house. All restrictions on the construc tion of amusement and recreation al buildings are done away with. Most of the credit for the law’s being as good as it is must go to Sen. Charles Tobey (R., N. H.). Much of the blame for its being as bad as it is goes to Rep. Jesse Wol cott (R., Mich.). we we The irony is that so often have to undo tomorrow what did today. New Lever Scale Won By AFL Union New York (LPA) The AFL Int’l Chemical Workers Union last week negotiated’new contracts for 8000 workers in five Lever Broth ers Soap plants. Among the gains won were an llc-per-hour wage in crease and improved vacation, and sickness and accident benefits. Commenting on the new union contract and the company’s action lowering prices of some of its pro ducts to consumers, Charles Luck man, Leypr Brothers president said: “Passing along to consumers the benefits of increased producti vity and lower raw materials costs, and passing on to employees the benefits of wage increases in the sound way to check inflation, while at the same time improving the national standard of living. The recent wage increase is the fourth boost the chemical workers have won at Lever’s in the past two years. Labor Continuing (Continued From Page One) so many farmers by a* single act, a representative, of the CIO and United Automobile Workers Union told the committee. “If the House Committee on un-American activi ties is really to serve some pur pose, let it put an end to this out moded and unjustified regimenta tion of the manufacture, sale and consumption of margarine. That legislation was un-American at birth. It has not required citizen ship by its long residence among us.” I AM Assails Oleo Taxes Calling margarine taxes “dis criminatory, specious and oppres sive,” President Harvey W. Brown of the International Association of Machinist, (ind.), pointed out that average workers’ earnings in 1947 amounted to about $2,500 a year. “The workers’ budget of the U. S. Department of Labor for all pur poses including food, and ran well over $3,000 a year for a family of four. The difference between in come and cost only shows how un fair this tax really is. It falls on those least able to pay it.” Similar views were expressed by President J. A. Beirne of the Com munications Workers of America (ind.) and others. The United Mine Workers Journal said editorially: “The argument of dairy interests that they are protecting the farm er by fighting margaine loses much of its force when we realize that margaine is itself an agricultural product, using foods from farmers of 44 of the 48 states. Consum ers are being victimized lin this in stance, as in so many others, not in the interests of the actaal farm er, but the big corporations that distribute his products. Herd own ers get less for the milk that goes into butter yet the big dairy corporations make morq^ on but ter than on fluid milk. It is time for consumers to walk up and demand action from Congress.” Employees of the Carrollton 9 Pottery Co., posed for this photo' I in 1905. Front row—left to right I —are Carl Blasenhauer, Lute a Fisher, Ed Ferrish, Mrs. Fer rish, Florence Dray, George Shultz, David Hemming, Roy I Blythe, Joe S. Kerr, Curtis Bax ter and Frank Mitchell. I Second row William Dray, I Everett Bond, Alex Mathews, I Horace Ray, M. J. Lanahan, El I mer Leggett, Harvey Young, I Edgar Harsha, Ralph May, I Charles Edelman, John McCon I nell, Herman King. I Third row Earl Baxter, I Frank Mills, Al Ferguson, John Moody, R. A. MacDonald, Em met Fisher, Frances Edwards, Harry Bond, Curtis Maple, I Ralph Pretty, John Fisher, I Wilson Hawk, Alfred R. Morr I row, Elizabeth Kelley, Miller I Challis and Homer Gould. I The plant turned out its first I ware on September 7, 1904 with I Charles McCauley* of Sebring as the clay shop foreman.—Cour tesy of Carroll Journal Teacher Praises US Japan Policy Tokyo (LPA)—Irvin R. Kuenzli, general secretary of the American Federation of Teachers-AFL said last week, after eight days in To kyo: “The policies being followed by Gen. MacArthur in Japan seem to be sound, sensible and human.” The AFL leader took several field trips and interviewed Japan ese teachers and workers. He said: “Democracy is not being forced from the top. It seems to be com ing from the people under the gui dance of the occupation forces.” MacArthur’s policy of encourag ing collective bargaining is result ing in the breakdown of imperial ism, and providing a new personal and political freedom to the com mon people, Kuenzli explained. In a speech to teachers’ union members he said: “The creation in Japan of a new teachers’ union of over half a million members rep resents one of the great milestones in world teacher union history.” Kuenzli exchanged union buttons with the Japanese Teachers’ Union president. Subsequently the AFL official told a meeting of 3000 unionists that the future of democracy in Japan depends upon a sound pro gram of free public education, a strong labor movement, and a de cent social attitude on the part jpf industrial leaders. He particularly praised the adult education policies of the American occupation auth orities, and their assistance to trade union education. AFL Union Chief (Continued From Page One) declared, not only government as sistance, but finally remittance from the United States would be cut off. He continued: “American aid to Italy and Eu rope does not come from the so called high finance of Wall Street. It comes from American citizens who pay taxes. It will always be possible to convince the American citizens to pay more taxes in ord er to assist the European people to rehabilitate themselves and to re build their countries. IF. S. Would Not Help Foe “No one, however, could convince them to make these sacrifices in order to help an enemy totalitarian country, as Italy would become should the Togliatti group control the government—that group which in the electoral campaign has made of America its No. 1 enemy by smearing the walls of Italy with the most infamous, ridiculous and comical lies against the United States, from which Italy always i absorbed the lympth of her life,” Antonini asktsi the Italian people to recall who had demanded of Italy “heavy, cruel reparations for herself and her satellites,” and had blocked the country from the United Nations. “You Italians will be able to answer these questions when on April 18 you will vote to smash once and for all the Musoc vite fifth column,” he said. “In this wish the salvation and the future of Italy stand.” Money Loaned FOR PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT OF HOMES 5% Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON & BBOADWAY EAST UVEBPOOL OHIO OFFICERS: JOHN I. PUBINTON. Preridwt ALWYN C. PUBINTON. Secrokny CHAS. W. HENDERSHOT. JOS. M. BLAZER. Treasurer Vice President W. E. DUNLAP. IB. Attorney This was the conclusion to be drawn from a report released by the Bureau of Labor statistics which showed that retail prices de clined only slightly after the price slump and have showed little change during the period from mid February to mid-March. The BLS report on current prices was based upon a telegraphic sur vey of 12 representative cities. Meanwhile, retail prices for other goods and services continued their upward advance, the BLS declared. The bureau’s consumer price index for mid-February was 167.5 per cent of the 1935-39 average, eight tenths of 1 per cent below the rec ord peak of January. Retail price increases between January and February were re ported for almost all groups ex cept food. Recent changes in whole sale prices in most lines, the bureau said, gave little indication of im minent declines. The 2.4 per cent decrease in re tail food prices was partly offset by a 1.6 per cent increase in the retail prices of apparel and frac tional increases in housefurnishings fuel, electricity, ice and rent. The bureau’s comprehensive wholesale price index for February, reflecting the full amount of the drop in agricultural prices, was 160.7 per cent of the 1926 average. The index was 3 per cent below the postwar peak of January and slightly above the level of last No vember. Ewan Clague, chief of the BLS, pointed out that ordinarily primary market price trends indicated the direction whiclv retail prices would take in the future. The most recent information available on general primary mar ket prices is the bureau’s weekly index for the week ended March 20. That index now stands at 161.5 per cent higher than in the week ended March 13. However, the comprehensive in dex is almost 2 per cent lower than it was at the start of the year, mostly as a result of the February drop in agriculture markets. FOILED AGAIN (From Washington, D. C. Post) We said a few days ago that the chances of success of the movement to repeal the federal taxes on mar garine have never been so promis ing as at present. But we under rated the strength of the organized opposition of the dairy interets and its power to choke off legislation. It is a waste of time to reiterate the sound agruments in favor of re peal, in view of House Agriculture Committee in shelving all the bills providing for reduction or elimina tion of the discriminatory taxes on margarine. Eventually, we still believe that the pressure of an aroused public opinion, plus the pressure of rival farm groups producing materials used in making margarine, will force Congress to repeal the mar garine taxes. But there is slight hope that any of the bills can be brought to a vote by a discharge petition during the present session. The committee’s decision to pigeon hole the bills is a disheartening ex ample of what Representative Poage, a leader in the fight against the margarine tax, rightly calls “political cowardice”—that is, fear of alienating farm voters in an election year. The Union Label adds the human factor to the material product. Thursday, April 1, 1948 Food Prices Stay At High Level February Slump Had Little Effect Washington—Retail food prices*------------------------------------------------ have stabilized at levels only about 2.1/2 per cent below the high peak recorded during January despite the highly publicized price break which took place on the nation’s primary markets in early Febru ary. Dock Workers Win Jobless Benefits In Six-Week Strike Baltimore, Md.—(ILNS) A Court of Appeals decision that Bal timore members of the Internation al Longshoremen’s Association, AFL, are entitled to unemployment compensation for 6 weeks of a 1946 waterfront strike is hailed as big labor victory. Payment of the benefits had been oposed by the Steamship Trade Association and 3 Baltimore firms. What was then the State Unem ployment Compensation Board rul ed last year that the longshoremen could be compensated for lack of work from Sept. 14 to Oct. 26, 1946. Consecutive strikes by the National Maritime Union (CIO), the Masters, Mates and Pilots’ As sociation (AFL) and the Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Association (CIO) tied up Baltimore port ac tivity during the period. The longshoremen said they could not work because they feared their safety in trying to cross picket lines. They also asserted there was no steam in American vessels when they actually had orders to re port. Attorney General Backs Union The Trade Association replied that the union made an agreement with the strikers and that work was available This made the long shoremen interested parties to the labor dispute and ineligible for compensation association attorneys argued. The Appeals Court upheld a Bal timore Superior Court decision which affirmed the ruling of the Unemployment Compen s a i o n Board. The Maryland Attorney General’s office joined the union in fighting the appeal AFL Rubber Workers Favor Union Shop Indianapolis— AFL union mem bers sparked a great victory in union shop elections held among employes of the General Tire and Rubber Co., plants in Wabash and Logansport. Workers in the Wabash plant voted 786 to 14 in favor of author izing the union to seek a unign shop in negotiations with the com-, pany. In Logansport, only 1 vote was recorded against the union security plan while 188 employes supported the jinion. CLARENCE L. WETZEL Flowers i OHIO LISBON WHEN WORDS FAIL—: Say It With Flowers Jf IS a cliff John, Greta, Betty, Jack WANTED Overglaze gilder—piece work—steady employment. Jackson Vitrified China, Falls Creek, Pa. Candidate For State Representative Republican Ticket Veteran of World War I and well qualified as a repre sentative for organized labor. Former president and check weighman of Local Union 1980, U.M.W. Active in Am erican Legion affairs for over 30 years. Educated in Lisbon schools, Mt. I nion College and Car negie Institute of Technico logy. Republican primaries, May 4, 1948 fPoHtic.il Advertisement!