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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, July 29, 1948, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1948-07-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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Philippine Group Honors
Gompers. AFL Meany Gets
Flag As Token Of Esteem
Washington—In two ceremonies 4^—~
here Philippine worker delegates
to the International Labor Confer
ence paid tribute to the memory of
Samuel Gompers, founder of the
American Federation of Labor, and
affirmed their cloze and friendly
ties with the AFL.
The Philippine delegation, led by
Aurelio Intertas, president of the
^Philippine Longshoremen’s Union,
placed a wreath on the Gompers
Memorial statue in token of the ap
preciation “of the universal good
that the founder of the American
Federation of Labor bequeathed to
the workingnaan the world over.”
In another ceremony, a flag of the
Philippine Republic was presented
to the AFL on behalf of the Na
tional Confederation of Trade
Unions in the Philippines as a tan
gible expression of the past and
^continuing friendship between the
labor movements in the Philippines
and the United States. The flag
was accepted by George Meany,
A FL secretary-treasurer, acting for
.William Green, AFL president, who
was out of the city.
Attending the brief but impres
sive ceremony at the Gompers
monument were Georgp Meany,
Frank Fenton, the AFL’s interna
tional representative Serafino Ro
mualdi, Latin American representa
tive for the AFL, and the Philip
pine delegation, composed of Mr.
Intertas, Pedro Femdandez, vice
president of the Longshoremen’s
Union, and Ruperto Cristobal, gen
oral secretary of the National Con
4 *feration of Labor Union in the
.’Tin his tribute to Gompers’ mem
t,*tOFy Intertas, speaking for the
group, declared that “as long as
‘there are men who are willing to
dedicate their lives and their fu
4 (ture to the welfare of the working
men and women, there will always
*, be hope for world peace and pros
Referring to the International
’Labor Organization, the Philippine
^. spokesmen declared that organiza
Htions of this nature are a boon to
’workers bwause they seek to ad
vance not only the welfare of the
workingman but also the relation
ship between labor, capital and
v so that in the end a
.middlegrnuiid is estabii&hed for the,
.equal protection of all.
Hany Interesting
(Continued From Page Qpe)
-floor that men employed at Pioneer
itry to bring all articles in dis
pute to the next meeting. Presi
dent appointed a committee to
‘work with the men on these arti
cle, Norman Lanning and Ray
Bucher were named.
The big casting machine at
Hall China is producing approxi
mately 14 dozen per man per day.
Local 4 now has a membership
of 297, four less than last quarter.
The polls will be open from 4:00
p. m. each meeting night next
month to give members a chance to
vote on the referendum on officers’
salaries. Burgess, McCall, Calhoun,
Garvey, Moss, Buxton, Hail and
Vervin will work the polls.
It seems some members feel they
are buying smaller sponges at the
same price as the large ones. Shop
committees were instructed to
check bales for size and insist on
proper prices. The sponge at one1
shop for $1.30 is almost twice the
size avune 1.60 on another
Brothers Floyd Pollock and
George Wucherer ware placed on
the sick list. Brothers Calhoun and
Masker named on the auditing
committee.—O. C. 4i
Aik for Union Labeled meechan*
Flexible and
rigid arch
styles In ox-
high ahoea
X-ray Fitting
Em4 fiiaHi Stmt
Nation Awaits Plan
To Curb foliation
Washington (LPA) When
President Truman presents
anti-inflation bill to Congress
week, he precipitates what
be the deciding fight in the
national election campaign.
There is plenty of raw material
available on which the President
can base a fighting, effective infla
tion-control program. He has the
overwhelming weight of pubile
opinion back of him. Meat prices
pre at an all-time high, and the
present shortage of livestock prom
ises to hold beef, lamb and pork
prices near present levels well into
next winter. The Gallup poll shows
that about one-third of US fami
lies believe they’re not able to meet
the living standards they should
have to subsist decently.
Truman himself, when he called
Congress bach to Washington last
November, presented a 10-point
program which was almost entire
ly ignored by the legislators.
He is expected now to call for
immediate imposition of price con
trols and perhaps some rationing
on important commodities whether
he will couple this with wage con
trols is not certain, though union
leaders want wages left to the pro
cesses of collective bargaining.
What sort of curbs he’ll ask on
consumer and bank credit, and what
sort of system of priorities he’ll
suggest for scarce commodities like
steel and construction materials
aren’t yet certain.
Meanwhile, many unions are reit
erating their backing of S. 2126, a
bill introduced by Senators Elbert
Thomas (D., Utah) and Robert F.
Wagner (D., N. Y.) and later spon
sored in the House by Rep. Helen
Gahagan Douglas (D., Calif.).
This bill states its aim is to re
store the balance between prices,
profits and wages, and between
production and distribution. It says
wages should be controlled thru col
lective bargaining.
This measure would institute
price control by freezing prices on
all goods, with a Coordinator of
Economic Stabilization authorized
to lift controls on goods he finds
do not add to the priep paid by con
sumers or add to the cost of living
of substantial numbers of people.
Controls, could be reimposed if nec
Secondly, the bill would sterilize
banks’ holdings of government
bonds so that these holdings can’t
be used to inflate the supply of
money in use.
In addition to the over-all Thom
as-Wagner-Douglas bill, there are
proposals to restore meat ration
ing, but no price controls, by Rep.
Jacob Javits (R., N. Y.), and an
other to investigate meat prices
proposed by Sen. Raymond Bald
win (R„ Conn.).
Representing the Taft-Dewey
wing of the Republican party,
which hasn’t yet spoken officially
on the inflation question, Rep. Clar
ence Brown (R., Ohio) told report
ers here last week that the Admin
istration could knock prices down
by: 1—keeping foreign aid ship
ments ‘to a minimum’ 2—checking
credit expansion thru Federal Re
serve Board action 3—returning to
the gold standard* Said Brown
about price controls nnd rationing:
“I don’t think this Congress or this
country is ready to go back to the
regimentation of wartime now.”
(Continued From Page One)
Know when and where and how
to register and vote.
Vote in the primaries: That’s
where you select the nominees.
Know th* candidates who will
appear on the ballot.
Know the candidates position on
important issues.
Know the voting records of those
who have held office.
A ten, five, pr a one-dollar bill
is about the most slippery thing in
the world. Roll those bills into U.
S. Savings Bonds through the Pay*
roll Savings Plan.
Money Loaned
5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
JOHN J. raUNMM. PraoWaat ALWYN C. PU1BTTOM. Bao»t«rr
Vtaa fteaideal W. E. DUNLAP. JB. AttaMJ
fmemmewi MiiittMaMttttttouMiiBu »oittKe4wt 11 o mb m*»
New Clipper America’s First Flight
“In submitting the problem of
Korea to the General Assembly last
September, the government of the
United States took the position that
when two members of the United
Nations could not reach an agree
ment, the collective judgment of
the other members of the United
Nations was reqiNred.
“The issue would in all probabi
lity be submitted to the Security
Council first. But failing agreement
there, the matter could be referr
ed quickly to, the General. Assem
“‘The present firm position of the
American government which must
be maintained would in no way be
lessened by the submission of this
question to the United Nations in
an effort to seek the full force
of world public opinion and judg
ment in this great crisis.”
Man Hours Decrease
Per Unit Of Product
New York—The average number
of man-hours expended for each
unit of product was 3 per cent less
in 1945 than in 1939 in the manu
facture of seh’Cted types of general
purpose industrial equipment, Rob
ert R. Behlow, regional director of
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, De
partment of Labor, reported.
Between 1939 and 1942, he ex
plained, the index of unit man-hour
requirements declined steadily to ai
point 5 per cent below that of 1939,
as important gains in manufactur
ing efficiency were made. During
1943 and 1944, however, the trend
was reversed. By 1944, man-hours
expended for each unit had increas
ed to about the same level as in
the base year, 1939. Average unit
man hour requirement® decreased
3 per cent from 1944 to 1945.
U. S. Savings Bonds will help
provide future security for your
home and your business.
Juan T. Trippe, President of Pan American World Airways, an
nounced that the new Clipper America is now flying. The $1,500,000
Clipper, the first of a fleet of 20 Boeing Stratocruiser-type Clippers,
will be delivered to Pan American in November. It carries 75 nas
sengers and is the only airliner with a double deck, having a spacious
lounge and bar on the lower deck. The largest, fastest commercial
landplane, the Clipper America will be used in service between San
Francisco and Honolulu, cutting present flight time from 12 hours
to 8%. It will also be used in the New York-London service where
it will cut flight time from 14% to 12 hours. Later the new-tvue
Clippers will be used extensively in the company’s proposed system
of' domestic routes and also elsewhere on PAA’s world-wide service.
Coftiment On World Events
A strong plea for submitting the
Berlin crisis to the United Nations
for action by the Security Council
or the General Assembly is made
by the executive committee of the
American Association for the Unit
ed Nations.
AAUN, a leading educational or
ganization in the fjeld of collec
tive security, numbers among its
officers and members the follow
ing who agreed to the statement
Sumner Wells, Judge Robert Pat
terson, Former Secretary of War,
James T. Shotwell, Mrs. Franklin
D. Roosevelt, Benjamin V. Cohen,
Frederick C. McKee, Oscar A. de
Lima, William Emerson president,
and Clark S. Eichelberger, director.
“The Berlin crisis,” the statement
says, “should be submitted to the
United Nations upon the initiative
of the United States if it becomes
clear that direct negotiations pro
vided under the Charter have bro
ken down. The United States is in
Berlin by perfectly legal right. It
should stay there.
“The crisis is a serious threat
to the peace of the world. The Am
erican people are aware that an un
expected incident In that j^one could
lead to another war.*The’members
of the United Nations are obligated
under Article 37 to submit any such
disputes to the Security Council if
they have not been able to settle
them by direct negotiations.
“One of the compelling reasons
in submitting the Berlin dispute to
the United Nations is that, as the
history of the United Nations
shows, the collective judgment of
many states furnishes not only the
force of public opinion in demand
ing a settlement, but wisdom for
the settlement. The crisis in Iraq,
Indonesia, Kashmir and Palestine,
in all of which the United Nations
Security Council was either to se
cure a settlement or is in the pro
cess of securing a .settlement, show
what the collective judgment of
the members of the pnited Nations
can accomplish.
Facts Required By
T-H Act Lacking
in Union Replies
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)
Approximately half the 14,000
ions which to date have filed fi
nancial and organizational data
with the U. S. Department of La
bor as required by the Taft-Hart
ley Act submitted incomplete in
formation on the first try, William
L. Connolly, director of the Bureau
of Labor Standards, said.
Anent Whippier,
(Continued From Page One)
elude from its columns all com
munications or other matters im
pugning the motives or reflecting
upon the honesty of members of
the organization.”
This responsibility for proper
censorship of the Potters Herald
imposed upon your National Of
ficials by the Constitution of the
organization is truly a task that
we dare not fail to observe, for one
single suit for damages at law
could inflict incalcunble injury up
on the membership. Isn’t it strange
that the same malcontents who
have been charging your officials
and delegates to your conventions
with violations of the Constitution
make demands upon, the Executive
Board members to grant them
special privileges thatinre in per
fect conflict' With their duties as
set forth in the same National Con
The action of these unreasonable
members might further be brought
to your attention by reminding yoUj,
of their unlawfully entering Na-^
tional Headquarters on July 6 for
a rump meeting, inspired by Fin
lay, Whippier and coherts, despite
the fact the auditorium had pre
viously been rented to the typo
graphical union. Here again may
we assert that the Constitution im
poses upon the Executive Board
the obligation of care, maintenance
and management of our National
Headquarters. We shall not burden,
our members with a repetition oft
the account given in last week’s i
sue of the Herald, as to the filthy
and most deplorable condition in
which they left your meeting hall^
Local Union No. 45
(Continued From Page One)
he tried to keep a large fan from"
falling. We sincerely hope he will
not lose any fingers and will l»d
able to be back on the job before
.. I
The nexti meeting will be heldr
AUgust 6, at which time plans wilf
be made so that all may have at*
chance to vote on the irferenduin
on national officers’ salaries.
To facilitate the submission oiE
complete information without resort
to further correspondence, the Bu
reau of Labor Standard# has just
issued a substitute form for future
filings designed to simplify the pro
cess. If a union answers all the
questions .on the form, it need only
submit a copy of its constitution
and by-laws to comply with the
terms of Section 9 (f) and (g) of
the new labor law.
“Complete initial filing of organ
ization and financial data is impor
tant,' '^especialiy for local Unions.
They frequently file in a hurry
because they have cases pending
before the National or Regional
Labor Relations Boards which can
not progress without certification
of their completed registration. For
unions wishing to obtain the bene
fits of the act, delays incident to
obtaining the information required
by law, frequently hold up adjudi
cation and may further disrupt in
dustrial jjeace,” Connolly explain
Big Corporations
Growth Threatens
The Small Business
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)
Small business, which the Ameri
can Federation of Labor has long
championed, is threatened by the
growth of big corporations, the
Federal Trade Commission warned
the nation in a report tothe. spec
ial session of Congress^ y|
Unless the steadily increasing
power of “giant corporations” is
curbed collectivism will triumph
over free enterprise, the commis
sion declared, urging Congress to
plug “the loophole” in the Clayton
antitrust act, passed in 1914.'
The FTC Said that it is crucial
that workable means be found to
prevent the corporations **from
steadily increasing their power at
Expense of small business.”
“If nothing ie^dw to check the
growth of concentration, either the
giant corporations will ultimately
take over the country, or the gov
ernment will be impelled to step
in and impose some form of direct
regulation,”, commission said.
“In either event, collectivism will
hfcve triumphed over free enter
prise, and the theory of competi
tion will have been relegated to
the linjbo of well-intentioned but
ineffective ideals.”
A definite choice must be made,
the commission said. “Either this
country is going down the road to
collectivism or it must stand and
fight for competition ...”
This is the real meaning of pro
posed amendments to the Clayton
act, the commission added. Without
such amendment the rise in econmic
concentration “cannot be checked.”
The loophole in the Clayton act,
the commission explained, permits
corporations to buy the assets rath
er than the stoSk of competing
firms. This, it contends, evades the
original intent of Congress to
check the creation of monopolies
in the early stages.
Citing the need for action, the
commission disclosed that since
1 !)40 the merger movement, which
is the title of its report, has result
ed in the disappearance of more
than 2,450 formerly independent
manufacturing and mining com
‘panies. According to the FTC these
unpanies held assets aggregating
some $5,200,000,000, or more than
5 per cent of the total assets of all
American manufacturing corpora
tions. Recent examples of the use
gf the merger^eacape loop are pro
vided by1such industries as cement,
salt, white lead, fire extinguishers
and book paper, the commission
Local 42 Reports
(Continued From Page One)
ball game has been lined up and the
park manager has promised to have
the field in the best of condition.
All kiddies from one to 80 can ride
anything in the park by presenting
the badges which will be issued to
them on the grounds. Also there
will be free coffee, ice cream, Cho
colate milk and orange ade. So be
sure and bring your dinner and
make a day of it.
We are hereby extending to the
Executive Board, Manager of the
Potters Herald and all other broth
ers and sisters an invitation to
spend the day with us and help
make our annual picnic a real suc
A real pat on the back to our
Health Committee and Management
for the many things they have ac
complished. We hope that by your
continued cooperation we can se
cure the showers and other rest
rooms that are so badly needed
in our shop at the present time, but
we must, as individuals, do our
best to keep our own working areas
as clean as possible. We must work
together and make our shop a clean
and pjeasant place to work in.
A last reminder that every other
Monday night at 7:30, Memorial
building Local 42 meets.—0. C. 42.
Wage Contract Ends
Restaurant Strike
Belleville, Ill.—Eating places
opened here after owners of the
last 15 of 123 establishments sign
ed contracts with Local 117 of the
AFL Bartenders, Waitresses, Cooks
and Hotel Employes Union, ending
a strike over increased pay request.
Under the new Contract, inexperi
enced waitresses will receive |21
a week, increased from $19, and
trained bartenders will get $62.50,
increased from $60.
Philadelphia (LPA)-—At a
Vention from which virtually every
prominent non-Communist labor
and liberal leader has excluded him
Belf, Henry Walalce, his followers,
and their Communist allies, with
out much trouble worked out a
platform last week. Many demo
cratic trade unionists wish the ma
jor parties had the new party’s
domestic program, but few were
willing to embrace thd Communists
and the Russian foreign policy
whic|i go with it,* so far as candi
date Wallace is concerned. i
The battle is joined, as they say
tn books.
The conventions have left what
looks like issues, but not all Jthe
issues are in the platforms,
When the Dixiecrats walked out
they surely left an issue and we
shall see what we shall see about
that in the course of the campaign.
But when President Truman, in
his acceptance speech, told the na
tion that be was calling Congress
to meet in special session, he really
opend the door to a fight that
be a pippin.
Of course the Republicans
“politics”, just as Mr. Truman
been crying “politics” about
work of the Republican Congress.
This special session really ought
to be something to write home
One sure thing is that one issue
to be put before Congress will be
inflation^ while another will be
Congress, up to adjournment, had
treated these two great issues as
something that could be wished to
sleep, at will.
But issues such as those don’t go
to sleep. They keep gnawing at the
minds of people until people get
sore. They shout and they demand.
Can it be that the shouting and
the demanding will rise to a pitch
that will really get some action
Of course the majority will seek
to use the coming session as a com
paign platform and the Democrats
will do likewise.
There isn’t likely to be much ac
tual, objective study as to what is
best for the people of that nation,
as people and not as number of
That’s how our country runs it
self and nobody has found a better
way, even though our way often
slows results, or gets unfortunate
The Democratic party didn’t come
out of its convention looking any too
healthy, for the simple reason that
it is and has been a party composed
of minority groups, with many
clashing ideas nnd interests.
But a half way hidden notion
about the convention was that it
began the process of welding an
over-all policy, with a wet blanket
for some of the clashing interests.
In other words, it may be that a
true party is in the making, the
result of slashing interests grind
ing against each other until, some
get pulverised, with others leaving
the tent entirely.
This will be for historians to
watch and for journalists to chron
icle as we move along.
But meanwhile we face this
special session of Congress. It is
possible that it may continue the
process begun at Philadelphia. It
will be interesting to see how the
the Dixiecrats, as they are being
called, vote with other Pemocrats
in this session.
There is something else about
the Democratic convention. Too
many Democrats were caught say
ing unkind things about President
It cannot be denied that Mr. Tru
man has done some unwise things
and that he has gathered too many
individuals around him who have
no place in
a government struc-
true, too, President
followed a pretty
But it is
Truman has
straight course in behalf of things
that peope want—people as distin
guished from interests.
He deserves a lot better than he
got from a lot of his fellow Demo
The Democratic party would be
in better shape if more Democratic
Congressmen had really fought like
wild cats for measures proposed by
the President.
It would be better for the Demo
crats, too, if some of the big city
bosses thought more of national
welfare than of backyard intrigue
for control of their cities. Some of
them have no business pointing any
kind of a finger at anyone for any
Well, a lot of fat is in the fire
and we shall see and hear a great
deal before the votes are counted.
And we just could be at war, which
also could change everything.
Still Pursue Condon
Washington (LPA)—The Atomic
Emergy Commission, after a thoro
investigation, 'has “cleared” Bu
reau of Standards head Edward U.
Condon, an atomic fission pioneer,
for continued work on top secret
atomic energy projects. The FBI
had already expressed confidence
in his loyalty. But Chairman J. Par
nell Thomas (R., N. J.) proclaimed
last week that his House Un-Am
erican Activities Committee will
keep hounding the distinguished
Chicago (ILNS)—The executive
board of the llinois State Federa
tion of Labor has issued the of
ficial call for the federation’s 66th
annual convention, to meet in Chi
Icago beginning Monday, Sept 27.
By joint resolution approved by
both houses of Congress, the Unit
ed States government soon will
ratify changes in the constitution
of the International Labor Office.
The changes bring into conform
ity the procedures of the America^
federal-state dual system of gov
ernment with the functions of the
ILO by permitting each of the 48
states to ratify, or not ratify, con
ventions adopted by the more than
50 nations which are members of
the ILO.
The resolution also defined po
licies relating to American partici
pation in activities of the ILO. Ona
rider appended to the resolution
provides that all delegates and al
ternates appointed to represent the
United States in official delibera
tions of the ILO must undergo in
vestigations by the Federal Bureau
of Investigation. Another rider fix
ed $1,091,739 as the maximum con
tribution of the United States for
ILO activities and the sum of $95,
000 for the expenses of American
delegates designated to participate
in its deliberations.
The ILO was organized in 1919
as an affiliate of the League of
Nations. The United States be
came one of its members in 1934.
Since then American industry
has become increasingly aware of
the influence which international
problems exert on our economy.
Both management and labor, as
well as the United States govern
ment, have participated on a stead
ily increasing scale in the ILO’s
work. All three are directly repre
sented at the ILO conferences.
Member countries are entitled each
to four delegates, two from the
SfiE SLAVED over a flaming fuel stove,
"burned up" by the wasted heat .and
feeling like a cooked goose.
FRIEND RAVED— made het mad at her-
self for all the wasted years—and so
SHE DECIDED: "Electric cookery cool,
clean, speedy, that'ejor me?
the delicious food. Said she was
queen of cooks*
Thursday, July 29, 1948
State to Pass On World Labor Pacts
Under A Change In ILO Constitution
8» .... 1 ""1 1
Draft Law Threatens
Apprentice Programs
New York David S. Miller,
president.of the Producers Coun
cil, warned that the new selective
service law may cause serious with
drawals from the ranks of con
struction employes and reverse a
trend toward the employment of a
greater number of apprentices in
the building industry.
The number of apprentices em
ployed in May* numbered 131,0C0,
an increase of 30 per cent over
the same month in 1947.
Although the number of appren
tices has increased at a faster rate
than the volume of new building
during the past year, the supply of
skilled building workers is “tight”
in some localities at a time when
the volume of new construction is
expected to be larger than a year
ago, Mr. Miller declared.
Mr. Miller credited the Bureau
of Apprenticeship of the Depart
ment of Labor with bringing about
much of the increase in the number
of apprentices through cooperation
with employers and labor in sett
ing up improved training programs.
Delegate Reports
(Continued From Page One)
riage to Brothef Frank was em
ployed at the Warwick China. Our
congratulations to both the par-*
ents on this happy occasion.—0. C.
government, one management, and
one labor.
•x is* —.»d
.-r- a

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