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A' 1. .4- 1. i i. H'* v 4a Ki/ -jt i- ,4j- 6- 1 rtf $ i 4i 1 a 4 ■£f-. A, Jr, ♦k- 3 •f *s v vy PAGE FOUR Is 'W8? -’S.Vf. I OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF Hl NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVR POTTBM and RAST LIVERPOOL TRAPES A LABOR COUNCIL Published mry Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P-. owning and operating the Beet Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State. ■atered at Poet Office, East LiverpoH Ohio. April 1802, as second-class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special i:.u s of Post provided for in Section 1109, Aet of October IS. 1917, authorised August 20, ibid. GENERAL OFFICE. N. B. of O. P. BUILDING. wT siXTH 8T.. BELL PHONE STS HARRY L. GILL..—-----------------------------------------------Editor and Business Manager One Ydar to Any Part of the United States or Canada.— ———S2.00 President James M. Duffy. P. O. Box 752, East Liverpopl. Ohio First Vice President—®. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street, National Bank Build ing, Trenton 8, New Jersey ... Bttma Viee President------------Frank Hull. 8111 Psrfflr Blvd., Huntington Park, Calif. Third Vice President_____________Janies Slaven. mu ms Mills. East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice President Charles mer, 1045 Ohio Avsnue, Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Viee President George N« o m. 847 Me Avenue. Trenton 9, New Jersey V Sixth Vice President-----------George linnor, 130 W. Drury J.nne, Liverpool. Ohio Seventh Pice President .T. J. I-.-smon.i. 825 E. Li «ln W ,y, Minerva, Ohio Eighth Vice President Joshua 1. idwick. C, nt Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treasurer....——Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. 752, East Liverpool, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturer^—-——— -...M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL CHAS, p. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, ERNEST TORRENCE CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Maaufactoren __ E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ BERT CLARK. DAVID BEAVAN, CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturert-^—-- ROBERT DIETZ. Sr., W. A. BETZ, RAT BROOKES ______JAMES SLAVE? OSCAR SWAN, ROSE STEWART Getting Ready For November 2 Badly split though the Democrats are, it looks as if they are going to put up a stiff fight in the 1948 Presidential Campaign. Main credit for the party’s resurgence belongs to Harry Truman, who has made a remarkable comeback since his western trip two months ago. His fighting spirit togeth er with the commitments of the Philadelphia convention on civil rights and repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act are apt to de flate excessive Republican confidence. This does not mean that the Democrats have particular cause for cheer. Party claims on public virtue, as well as de nunciations of Republican sin need not be taken seriously. It is a fact that the Taft-Hartley Act, now so strongly de nounced in Philadelphia, became law only with the aid of 'Democratic support in Congress. How the 106 Congressmen who helped to override the Presidential veto can reconcile their voting record with the declared policy of the party is their and the party’s headache. It is not the only headache plaguing the Democrats. The decision to recall Congress for a special session also illustrates the determination of the Administration to make the record of the 80th Congress the outstanding campaign issue, and a bad record it is. Mr. Truman was justified in .stating that he would give the Republicans a chance to prove what they said in their platform. The test, he emphasized, |would be action—not words. That applies, of course, to the ^Democrats, too. Democratic Party doings and the fumblings of Mr. Truman himself on vital issues cannot be ignored in any comprehensive objective analysis of the political situa tion. Now that the major parties have placed themselves on Tecord and the campaign gets under way, the independent voter will have to make up his mind. The odds against th«s Truman-Barkley ticket are at present heavy. .But many things may happen between now and Nov. 2, which will en able the people to gain a clearer picture of the party contest before making their final choice. The Special Session Calling upon the Republican party “to give the country a demonstration of its own ability to get something done, with efficiency and dispatch,” the Ne\v York Times said edi torially “However political the President’s intention may have been in calling a special session at this time, the uir’^niable fact remains that the Eightieth Congress did adjourn with a large amount of im|xrtant unfinished business on its hands. It is a shocking fact that no adequate legislation was adopted to provide badly needed housing, particularly for the benefit of veterans, to whom lavish promises of such housing, par ticularly for the benefit of veterans, to whom lavish promises of such housing have been made by spokesmen of both par ties. It is an equally shocking fact that the promise of an American loan to thp United Nations for the construction of its headquarters in the country was not redeemed. There was a great deal of sheer recklessness in the complaisance with which the whole increasingly alarming problem of in flation was ignored. “A Republican-sponsored program for dealing with such matters as these is readily available. Senator Taft, certainly no Socialist, has drafted a promising low-cost housing bill. Gov. Dewey has given approval to the United Nations building Ioan. The Republican platform draft'd at Philadel phia proposed measures to deal with the problem of infla tion which the party thought were adequate. “The prompt adoption of a few measures of this kind by a Republican Congress, followed by a reasonably prompt adjustment, would lie mon1 than a mere political gesture. It would clear up some unfinished business and Ijenefit both the economic well-being of the country and its reputation for keeping its international promises.” Let Us Stand Firm The European Recovery Program is now beginning to operate. The American Federation of Labor, unalterably (PiM)sed to communism and all other forms of. absolute! gov ernment, will be represented in the administration of this plan. Upon its success depend our hopes for world peace. Restoring daily work and income to the masses is an initial step in assuring the degree of security necessary for cooper ation between men of good will with hope for the future. This effort for economic recovery runs counter to the plans of the U. S. S. R. to impose Communist principles and ideals on the whole world and has been opposed by the Kremlin from the beginning. Stalin wants one world with one government dictated by the Politburo. He refused to let his “friendly” satellite nations participate, and through his Communist labor leaders has fomented strikes and other economic difficulties. He seized uixin the intitiation of eco nomic recovery to lay siege to Berlin in order to squeeze out armies of occupation which block his annexation of Eastern Germany. He brutally threatens over 3,00(1,1)00 Germans with starvation as a step in Communist aggression. There are elements of discord within his own close inner circle that indicate he may have overreached himself. For the first time a national Communist dictator defies him. In this crisis the Western democracies must st and firm ly by th* ir princiiJes, with every democratic orpanization in th' Unit* I States supporting our government ns stand against further aggression and violation of agreements. k' ™. 'W1-' Discriminatory Demand protect themselves against the infiltration of Communist. kKI81.atlon... 1 agents of Stalin. The nine member nations are Argentina, Burma, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, India, Iran, Greece and the*•’1 Union of South Africa. The demand also includes action, against two non-member nations, Spain and Portugal. The W. F. T. U., a Communist-dominated organization, asks the United Nations to investigate “the increasing violation of/ labor rights in nine member countries and two non-member countries.” Have the World Federation of Trade Unions and the^ “ofuCongCress’Sas1foliowst United Nations so completely forgotten the blood purges by? “I which Stalin and Lenin destroyed freedom in Russian trade, living .. unions and made them agents of the Communist Party—a pattern that has been followed by all neighboring states brought under Communist control by Soviet agression?*, More recently the world has witnessed the end of all freedom in Czechoslovakia—with imprisonment, death, exile or sup- pression for all opponents of communism—-yet the U. lists neither the U. S. S. K. nor Czechoslovakia for action. ag The W. F. T. U. is the organization through which the/ Politburo hoped to get “world labor unity to serve Com-r^ munist purposes. It is the organization that expressed hosti-L lity to the European Recovery Program. It is the organ- J’ ization that provided its secretary-general as representative to the last convention of the expiring C. T. A. L., whose organizer was Vicente Lombardo Toledano, the most active« promoter of communism in the Western World. This con— vention shortly preceded the Ninth Intel-national Conference’ of American States in Bogota, against ^vhich a Communist demonstration was made. For the W. F. T, U. to propose action against violation’ of labor rights in cynical disregard of its known opposition to human rights and democracy, and inbland disregard of the fact that a resolution was awaiting action by the Eco nomic and Social Council which proposes a survey of all coun tries to determine violations of labor rights for the purpose of developing recommendations, does not make for belief in its sincerity. Can it be that the W. F. T. U. is fearful of what a survey in the Soviet states would disclose—in Yugoslavia or Rumania, for instance? Unless such a survey includes those countries behind the Iron Curtain and all others, action against sjpecial states should be rejected as discriminatory. Each Voter Decides Every citizen absolutey controls his vote. Persons and situations may influence his decision, but he or she, in the secrecy of the voting booth, determines how the ballot is cast Upon these individually determined votes depends the election fate of political parties, candidates and issues, as well as the immediate future of ©urination. Only the individual voters of the country can determine what candidates are elected and the size of the vote given them and a political party responsibility for government. Each individual labor voter has an opportunity to use his vote in behalf of his own best interests. To do this he must inform himself on current political issues and how they affect his welfare and especially on labor issues. This infor mation he can get from his union and from Labor’s League for Political Education. The American Federation of Labor, as usual, is submitting labor’s demands to both political par ties. These demands and the action of each party on them will give voters basic information on what can be expected from the party that is given power. Next the voter must decide between candidates nomin ated for the national executive. The party platform, the can didate’s acceptance and later speeches furnish cues. Past records constitute additional evidence. The voter must dis tinguish between promise and performance. Throughout the campaign evidence accumulates. Equally important to labor voters are the records of Senators and Representatives coming up for election. You can get their past records and join with fellow workers in asking candidates if they will advocate, work for and vote for the repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. If you find a candi date who publicly pledges himself to this end, you may con tribute and give other aid to his campaign and work for his election. The Taft-Hartley Law was intended to interfere with union political activity, but it cannot prevent informed, con certed action of individual workers in promoting the inter ests of labor and the general welfare. Vacation From Vicious Laws The fact that eight state legislatures have met this year without passing a single anti Labor law, almost escap ed notice. Yet, it is a fact. And there is a reason: Organized Labor, long asleep and over-confident, has been goaded into action by the Taft-Hartley Act. We have often repeated the fact that the working people, if they will register and vote, can defeat any political party and almost any candidate. Labor, however, laid off voting, with the result that reactionary men got into con gress. Having been elected through Labor’s failure to fulfill its citizenship duties, these, men kidded themselves into thinking that they really represented the public. Since they hated Unions, they decided that the public must also hate Unions. When the National Association of Manufacturers wrote a bil Ito damage Unions, they grabbed it and pressed it. This is not so strange as it appears. Mediocre fellows often permit their heads to swell when they are elected, or appointed to public office. Only the wise men of politics study the facts. As a result of Labor’s renewed [xilitical activity, its cam paign to get its membership .registered and informed as to candidates and issues, even the legislatures of the states have taken notice. They have shown a greater tendency to listen to the representatives of the Unions. They have re fused to follow the backward states of the south, and of the northern whisker belt, into deliberate action against the working people and their organizations. We have had a va cation from anti-Labor laws. Lessons are tiresome. We dislike the fellow who tell us our duty. Yet, the lesson to be pnrnered from these! facts is plain as day. It is, when the people register and cast their ballots, the crackpots and the selfish interests haven’t chance to win. School For 'White Collar* Workers “White collar” workers from all over the country will attend this year’s session of the Summer School for Of fice Workers July 21-Aug. 7, Ohio State University, Colum bus. it I he study program Wil Icenter around discussions of current economic, social and jxilitical problems, focused to show how the white collar worker can be effective in his community. Students come to the school, called “White Collar Work shops,” on full or partial scholarship provided by unions other organizations in their communities. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO The World Federation of Trade Unions Shows itself an apt disciple of Stalin in its Remand that the United Nations ................... ... take action against nine member nations that have tried to prj?rity V Daanw,’1 zl 1 TmoYI O YY »*V Qll rtf Aarrllzv 1 a A a n 1 lPz4. K/yy* XJUlXAitt* XJXC%4dil, VllIlCj AAAKAKA, AlUllj X—4 A V, vuv w .The Labor And Congress A V11V7 A-geAivwjw/v fzV’AC'waiB ADiaiK UU1 pUpUiaUUll 111 AUfU, tary-tn usurer of Labor’s League for” Political Education,'national returning Eightieth Congress was urged by George Meany, secre- ... .. political arm of the American Federation of Labor. “In a short session it is obviously impossible,” said Mr. Meany, “to enact ’sound legislation on a multiplicity of subjects. “But there are five subjects which' are of vital importance to all the people of America, and these five subjects/can be and should be dealt with at this session.” secretary-treasurer of L. L. P. E. listed these five items which should receive priority from the very start of the special “I—Effective legislation to reduce the punishing high cost of “2—Prompt passage by the House of the Taft-Ellender-Wag ner housing bill, already passed by the Senate but bottled up in the House Rules Committee. “3—Immediate repeal, of the, oppressive and monstrous Taft- Hartley anti-labor act, which reduces wage-earners of the nation .-econd-class citizens. “4—Prompt passage of health arid medical insurance legislation bto e/ond-class citizens. .... W. F. T.f urg -ntly needed by man ymililons of our agricultural population well as by low-income families in the towns and cities of the "5—Passage of legislation to raise the minimum wage to $1 an hour.” Mr. Meany emphasized that the people of the nation will be looking to the special session to take action to “curb inflation, pro vide housing for the millions who now lack adequate housing, re 1 _-.il the Taft-Hartley Law, provide health and medical insurance legislation and boost the minimum wage for the protection of our most precious asset, the people who are America.” “It would be regarded as unforgivable,” the L. L. P. E. officer declared, “if Congress at this very short special session, at which time obviously will be limited, were to elect to shunt aside these measures which are obviously of prime importance to the over whelming majority of the people of the natiqn nation. ... Consumers Suffered More Than Heat As Prices Rise Real earnings down, the unit volume of retail sales decreasing, living costs increasing at the rate of 1 per cent a month—these are some of the signs of the impact of inflation on consumers, according to the current issue of Consumer Reports, monthly pub lication of Consumers Union. Analyzing some economic develop ments affecting consumers, the statement in the Report continues: Consumers suffered from more than the heat in July. Despite favorable crop prospects, wholesale food prices kept moving up. The Department of Agriculture reported that current high farm prices would be maintained, into the fall. Non-farm commodity prices were increasing and industry after industry announced new price boosts. In the two years since price control lapsed in mid-1946, consumer prices have advanced about 30 per cent and there is no end in sight. The impact of inflation on consumers has shown itself in a number of developing trends. Real earnings—the purchasing power of wages and salaries—are declining, down between 8 per cent and 10 per cent in the past two years. Consumers spending units with incomes of less than $3000 a year, comprising 59 per cent of all spending units in 1947, have now been largely priced out of the market for new and old homes and automobiles. The unit volume of retail sales has been declining although higher prices have kept dollar volume up. Consumer resistance to high prices has become marked in shoes, men’s clothing, some women’s wear, radios and refrigerators. Yet there were no signs last month of price reductions. Instead, some of the durable items were being marked up. General Electric rescinded price cuts made earlier this year and announced new increases ranging from 2 per cent to 12 per cent for a number of its consumer products. The outlook is. for still higher prices. Steel prices have been increased and the rise will be passed on to consumers in thousands of products. The question now is how high this newest round of inflation will go—not whether it can be halted—unless Congress really works this month and next, Unless something is done fast to cushion the effects of rearm ament, consumers will begin to feel the full impact of that in the next few months. By fall the program will be in full swing and will accentuate the shortages in materials that are already critically scarce. A minority report of the Joint Congressional Economic Com-, mittee turns the light on one of the specters forming out of this witches’ brew: ‘The ratio of compensation of employees to national income has bcm steadily growing worse, and is again approaching the low lex Is of that most critical of all prosperity years in modern history, 1929. It has to go only a little further down to get to the level of 1929, which was so low and provided so inadequate a mass market for the goods then pouring out that more than three dis astrous years of Iquidation and bankruptcy followed.” I NEWS and VIEWS I By ALEXANDER S. LIPSELL (An ILNS Feature) Everyone agrees unions should be responsible, writes Emil Rieve, president of the CIO Textile Workers Union, but it is, ironically enough, the Taft-Hartley Act which makes it virtually impossible for trade unions to discharge their responsibilities in the interest of the national economy and the general public. Warning that the public, unacquainted with the provisions of the T-H Act, is the real loser, the CIO leader makes ‘the following perti nent observations: “The Taft-Hartley Act prevents any union from guaranteeing to live up to its contracts. It does so because it has destroyed the union shop and, with it, union discipline. Under the so-called union shop permitted by law there- is only one ground on which a union can demand the dismissal on layoff of a worker—nonpayment of dues. i contract violations. “How does this affect the public? Very acutely it has forced my union and others to abandon long-standing pledges not to strike while under contract. We can promise only that there will be no strikes authorized by the union president. Otherwise, we would be liable for da map s for every wildcat walkout promoted by company spies, ComeiunibL, or hot-heads. We can no longer protect ourselves from any of these.” At the same time, the law encourages employers to sue unions for While reading a report that domestic margarine consumption has risen from -2.7 pounds annually per person before the war to nearly 6 pounds, I reminded my self of the grim joke played by the 80th Congress on the American people. After going through tne motions of rep.-aling the 62-year-old federal taxation on margarine, Congress. thanks to the merchanitions of the butter lobby, buried the repeal bill under a mountain of other unfinished but equally vital legislation. Now comes the pay-off in press reports from Wisconsin, where the people have taken to large-scale “oleo-legging” from nearby states. Determined to beat the dairy interests at their own game, Wisconsin ers have started a movement to by-pass $l-a-pound state-grown butter in favor of margarine at half that price from outside the bord ers. It also affords them an opportunity to thumb their noses at the state’s starroring taxes on margarine. What they amount to is best demonstrated in the following re cital: Colored oleo in Wisconsin is taboo. There is a 15-cent state tax on the uncolored product a $1,000 license fee*for manufacturers and a $500 fee for retailers. There are restrictions too numerous to men tion, plus reports on all sales and the display of big signs wherever oleomargarine is sold. ...... But this is by .no means all. There is a special $1 consumer tax, and in addition a 6 cent tax a pound if margarine is bought from other are com- tht ii a dealer licensed in the state. In other words, the peoplei pelkd to report each purchase and to pay $1 per pounif We ine how many law-abiding citizens are flocking to the tax collector’s offices to render this tribute to the almighty dairy masters of Wis consin. Perhaps the special session of Congress can still do something about the matter. Congress, and incidentally the Republican party, 01’ will do itsr’* n lot good by pa/sing the repeal bill and thus remov .. inga 6^bstan.tml bluik in the way of lower Xesd prices, t.’ .$5 W 1 OBBBBl of of nnnrino iao of p.n.nount nnportanee. to 140,000,000 the 145,000,000 persons comprising our population in 1948,” theV11Z7 For Congress can, if it will, prevent the latest Inflationarynt whirl. The price controls and auxiliary measures demanded by the President are a bare minimum. A satisfactory inflation curb should Hartley law gives him the right to step into any kind of labor dis contain, at the least, allocation powers and an appropriation for pute produced a ticklish (and we mean ticklish) situation in a Peoria, sulHidies to help roll back prices to pre-1948 levels. A revision of 1U., company recently. Two young women claimed they were fired the income tax schedule, and perhaps a reimposition of the excess for helping to organize an office union. The boss said too much&k profits tax, would help. “horseplay.” But the Board found that “horseplay of one kind or aiWj ... .. ... other was indulged in at times by all the employes with the knowl edge and apparently even the acquiescence of supervisors.” Moreover, one of the directors even went through the office from time to time kissing all female employes. The firing of the two girls was upheld but in this case we think the NLRB missed the buss. We can imag WWH 1 g" Thursday, July 29, 1948 ‘CAVIt-JADE' By LES FlNNf:gan We’ve been thumbing thru a four-year old copy of Harper’s Magazine, a stolidly conservative journal if there ever was one, and discovered why there was so much GOP convention hoppla over A the great “courage” Tom Dewey is supposed to nave. As governor “the-little-man-on-the-wedding-cake” developed quite a reputation of being frightened at practically everything. The legislature frigh tened him, photographers frightened him, reporters frightened him. Harper’s found that “No Republican bill is ever submitted to the legislature before it has pone to the Governor’s office for approval and as often as not, drastic revision.” As for photographers, Dewey’s fear of being photographed with taller men or in a relaxed pose brought about a photographer’s strike in which the cameramen refused to take any pictures of Dewey at all. But the payoff on Dewey’s timidity came in his dealings with reporters, many of whom represented Republican and pro-Dewey newspapers. Harper’s recalled, “The reporters were on the verge of open revolt a few months ago when he tried to institute the practice of forbidding them to quote even the questions, their own questions, which he de clined to answer.” Many politicians thought they had heard the peak of this country’s great oratory when Calvin Coolidge said, “When you have large numbers of people out of jobs then you have mass unemployment.” But for dur money this was easily sur passed by Dewey when he concluded an address to the Institute of Human Relations at Williams College with these profound and ringing words: “We shall have our freedom so long as we are all free.” The one-half ring circus'staged by the southern kluxers when they walked out of the Democratic national convention came to a howling climax when they nominated Gov. J. Strom Thurmond, of South Carolina, and oGv. Fielding Wright, of Mississippi, for presi dent and vice-president. Considering the fact that they’ll be lucky if they got 11 electoral votes, the ticket has at least the advantage of having the only candidate who can truthfully say, “I’d rather be Wright than president.” The national convention of the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks has barred Communists from membership. But unfortunately no resolution the BOPE could pass could break the long established habit of trade unionists of referring to Communists as “elks.” And that business of wearing the tooth hanging from the vest is too remi niscent of the way the Communists have put the bite on so many in nocents. Alaska’s labor commissioner, Henry A. Benson, says that Alaska is one of the most expensive places in the world to live 60 per cent higher than in the States. Unionists aren’t cracking wise, therefore, when they argue that if there’s going to be any price freeze it ought to start up around the Arctic circle. Everybody knows by now that the Republicans, before they ad journed, couldn’t find time to take action on a dozen or more major pieces of pending legislation. Overlooked during the final hectic hours, however, was the fact that they did find time to pass a bill calling for better care and treatment of (get this!) elephants! While hundreds of thousands of veterans and workers went homeless, the GOP waxed furious over the fact that a batch of elephants had been brought from India on an open deck during cold weather. If it’s true that elephants never freeze, the Republican party ought to receive more votes from American zoos than from veterans’ organizations on Nov. 2. Drew Pearson has proposed that the 60 huge B-29’s that we’ve sent to Europe be used to drop Mickey oMuse watches on Russia. Pearson misses the point. What several million Russians would like to see dropped from a B-29 is not Mickey Mouse watches but Joseph Stalin. The Russians have been systematically laying claim to scores of 4iiscoveries the world has long credited to other nations. Thus, for example, the Russians invented the radio not Marconi they invented the electric light, not Edison they invented the airplane, not the Wright brothers they even invented hybrid corn, not Henry Wallace. Any day now we’re going to be told that the system where by an employer takes union dues out of a worker’s paycheck was nivented by tae Russian dramatist, Chekhov. w* -:1 NLRB General Counsel Robert Denham’s notion that the Taft- pute produced a ticklish (and we mean ticklish) situation in a Peoria, 1U., company recently. Two young women claimed they were fired We love to read the speeches of Earl Bunting, who is managing director of the NAM. He’s one of the few men in industry who makes sense. For example last week he told the New York State Apprentice ship Council that too many of our young men are not taking up where their fathers left off. We appreciated how true that was when we read the same day that a partial inventory of Henry Ford’s estate showed that the old m^n had left $26,500,000 in “personal bank accounts.” If there’s anything wrong with our economic system it’s that more young men don’t start off in the same way young Henry Ford did. Celebrating its 100th anniversary, the Amalgamated Union of Building Trades Workers in England has just published a history of tne union written by L. C. Merrion. Among other things, Merrion records that in 1820 “When George IV infuriated public opinion by not having Caroline, his queen, crowned, with him, the London brick layers sent her a message of sympathy. She replied in flattering terms of thanks—about the only time in history—” comments Merrion, “that bricklayers have been thanked by anybody.” Astronomers at Mount Wilson Observatory, Pasadena, Cal., be lieve that our big telescopes “may be looking backward 200,000,000 years.” Take another look, will ya, bud, and see if you can see when that open shop agitation started A jittery Justice Dep’t has indicted the top 12 leaders of the Ameri can Communist party for conspiracy to overthrow the US government. The party’s basic principles have not changed a whit since it was organized in 1919 it’s never had more than 70,000 card-holders and by its own figures it has had an annual membership turnover of 85 per cent. How come the Communists have suddenly after 29 years become such a menace to the existence of the Republic? There’s one possible answer. Remember the united front Earl Browder and tj^g Communists had with the NAM during the war? Administration l*^^j| qrs fear that if they got together again Truman wouldn’t hav^Jr chance in November. The more plausible explanation, however, is thaV the American Communists were about to take a pro-Yugoslav position and join with the Communists of Bermuda in setting up a new Tito Xorm. The president of the American Pharmaceutical Ass’n Dr. Theo dore Klurnpp, predicted last week that in the near future man’s life time span will be extended to 140 years. And we’ll give Dr. Klurnpp seven to one odds that big business and industry will howl to high heaven about giving a man a retirement pension before he reaches 135. It’s going to cost tbe American taxpayer $250,000 just in travel expenses to bring Congress back for the special session. Two Re publican Congressmen, irate with Truman for having their vacations interrupted, proposed that Congress convene and then adjourn on the same day. These are the same whelps who will go screaming to their constituents this fall demanding to be reelected because it’s up to them to save the country from extravagant Democratic expenditures. Far-sighted Americans hope with Gov. Dewey that the law on admission of displaced persons from Europe may be made “more flex ible and less restrictive” and that once again America will be able to “perform its great traditional service as a refuge for the oppressed who have contributed so richly to the development of our free insti tutions.” The present law passed by the 80th Congress, is far from that inspiring goal. Apparently, the bill was written as a face-saving device by poli ticians wha had no intent whatsoever to comply with the popular de mand that tlyB doors of America be opened to the victims of tyranny and oppression. The number of persons qualifying under the bill will be far less than even the 100,000 admissions allowed annually under the law. Again, the Republican party in command of Congress can expect much political good-will if it follows the lead of its standard bearer and passes a law that free from discriminatory restrictions lives up to the highest concepts of justice and humanity.