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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, August 12, 1948, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1948-08-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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TEW Housing Bill Killed
As Taft Lines Up With
Martin, Wolcott Halleck
Washington (LPA)— “An olig­❖------------------------------------—
archy composed of from one to
three men” in the House of Rep
resentatives blocked all action on
low-rent public housing and on slum
clearance legislation in the 80th
Congress. That was the charge
leveled at his Republican colleagues
in the House by Sen. Charles Tobey
(R., N. H. a last-ditch fight for
the Taft-EHender-Wagner general
housing bill. *.
With party lines abandoned, To
ney went down to defeat as Senat
ors Taft of Ohio, and Brewster and
White of Maine, abandoned the
fight for the TEW bill in the face
of stone-wall House opposition.
Even Sen. Joseph McCarthy (IL,
Wis.), a stalwart though shifty
spokesman for the real estate and
builders’ interests, stated the sit
uation clearly: “I am asking the
Senate to take into con-ideration
the condition which exists as of
today”, he told the Senate. “If we
vote public housing and slum clear
ance into a hill, irdls of how
wholehearted iv we may favor those
two things, that means that we
have no housing legislation at all,
because I know that the House
leadership is not bluffing when it
says, ‘We will not take any public
housing or slum clearance’.”
Crowded galleries including
many union representatives—found
an unusual spectacle on the Sen
ate floor. Lining the back of the
room was a large group of mem
bers of the House listening to Sen
ate debate on the bill which the
House leadership has never allow
ed to come to the House floor. De
parting from the usual courtesies
of Senate debate, Sen. Tobey turn
ed to the House members and char
ged the death of the TEW bill di
rectly to three men: “It is the
Bp aker of the House, Joseph W.
Martin, Charles Halleck, of Indi
ana, sometime candidate for Presi
dent and Jesse Wolcott.”
When the vote on the McCarthy
version of the housing bill—strip
ped of the slum clearance and pub
lic housing provisions—came to the
point of a vote, it was passed, 48
to 36. On the Republican side,’ 12
Senators voted against McCarthy.
Balancing these defections, though,
were the 11 Democrats who voted
with McCarthy and against the
TEW bill.
Because of a series of last-min
ute amendments thrown into the
McCarthy measure, labor officials
were withholding judgment on the
bill as passed. They pointed out,
however, that it followed the gen
eral GOP line of pouring in money
at the top, and hoping that it would
filter down eventually to the people
who need public assistance most—
families with low incomes. The bill
does include liberal financing pro
visions to encourage building of
rental units instead of houses for
Phone Workers
(Continued From Page One)
a reopening of the wage terms.
AUTW President J. J. Morgan
pointed out that Arperican Tele
phone & Telegraph Corp., claims
it meets the wage trends in indus
try in neral. “The national pat
tern is 12 fee an hour,” Moran as
“Prices have skyrocketed since
the spring of 1947 when we obtain
ed our 1a.it increase,” CWA Presi
dent Jou.ph Beirne said in announc
nig the wage raise proposal. “There
is no excuse now for refusal of the
Bell system to grant wage in
crease, We have not made specific
dollar? and-eents demands, prefer
ring to work out the amounts
across the bargaining table.”
Demand the Union Label.
Flexible and
rigid arch
styles tn ox
fords and
X-ray Fitting
East* Sixth Street
11 0 n n mu a
Little T-H Law
Bows To Big
Taft-Hartley Law
Detroit (LPA)—Michigan’s anti
labor Bonine-Tripp law was ruled
unconstitutional last week in a de
cision which was finally handed
down on the Chrysler strike last
Circuit Judge Theodore J. Rich
ter upheld the position of United
Auto Workers that when a com
pany is engaged in interstate com
merce its employes come under
the jurisdiction of the Taft-Hart
ley act and not the state law. On
the strength of that argument, UA
W has 1 peatedly ignored the law,
which calls for a special strike
vote to be conducted by the state
mediation board before any walk
UAW,members incolved in well
over 100 strikes were facing prose
cution under the act. Other unions
in Michigan have been plagued by
the Bonine-Tripp law which they
tagged “the little Taft-Hartley
Ate. Five business agents of Amal
gamated Clothing Workers will ap
pear in court this week to plead in
nocent to charges of violating the
In the Chrysler decision, Judge
Richter questioned the whole con
cept of making the right to strike
subject to the approval of a ma
jority. “It is not inherently reason
able,” he said, ‘that the right should
exist with majority approval and
be denied without it.” Michigan’s
attorney-general, Eugene F. Black,
may appeal the case to the state
supreme court.
Hospital Benefits
(Continued From Page One)
has (at no additional cost) extend
ed the benefits under the disability
and hospitalization provision to cov
er employed members regardless of
age and unemployed members may
continue their hospitalization insur
ance regardh ss of age of employ
ment. Previously these benefits
ceased at aga 70.
No change has bepn made in the
rate of life insurance provision
which may be continued as long
as membership in the N. B. O. P. is
continued and the group policy re
mains in force,. However, a pro
nounced reduction in dividend due
to unanticipated increase in the
death rate of your members has
naturally resulted in a higher net
cost. As you know 212 members
died during the past year.
Each employer should be notified
of the change in payroll deduction
effective for the month of Septem
mer, 1948.
Endorsement changing benefits
follows. This letter with endorse
ment shoud be attached to each in
sured’s certificate of insurance as
evidence of increased coverage.
5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
Viae PtMldent
Very truly yours,
Francis P. White, Gen. Agent,
Hoosier Casualty Company,
Union Labor Life Insurance Co.
Rickert Retained
(Continued From Page One)
of the organization? Over the
years we have weathered many
trials and tribulations in our ranks,
but at no time have We failed to
settle ur differences in an ami
cable way in accordance with pro
visions of our constitution. We
never found it necessary to revert
t» civil court to settle our troubles.
Why do we have to now?
Let's all be big enough to for
get these petty grievances and once
again function as a labor organiza
tion, striving for the betterment
all.—O. C. 102.
JOS. M. BLAZES. Treasurer
W. E. DUNLAP. IL. Attorney
French Liners
(Continued From Page One)
J. Conway.
Fred Mo row was re-elected presi
dent of the group. Other officers
irr F. J. Conway, vice president,
Ikrtha Tobin, treasurer and Mrs.
Eckelberry, secretary.
Money Loaned
unions are conducting institutes, camps and summer school sessions
for their members. This one, at Eastern State College, Richmond, Ky.,
is run by Kentucky State Federation of Labor. Planning the sessions
are: (1. to r.) Jack Barbash, Education Director for Amalgamated
Meatcutters & Butchers Workmen-AFL R. A. Duvall, editor of THE
RIGHT STEER James E. Wolfe and Sam Ezelle of Kentucky AFL
Margaret Degen, .Washington University and Mrs. Weaver Free-,
man, secretary.
Wage Proposals Drafted For
(Continued From Page One)
Tect gas fumes that are detrimental to the health of
40— Any shop employing men and women on swing shifts
shall provide a registered nurse on duty at all times
with necessary equipment.
41—There shall be one kiln firetnan to each straight tunnel
42— The dippers shall be paid $1.75 per hour.
43—When packers change from one shop to another the firm
shall pay one hour’s work for each change.
44—All casks and barrels shall be changed as follows:
Cask No. 4 from 73 cents to 80 cents.
Cask No. 5 from 52 cents to 62 cents.
Cask No. 6 from 4114 cents to 5l1/2 cents.
Cask No. 7 from 37*4 cents to 5114 cents.
Cask No. 7 special from 41i/2 cents to 5114 cents.
Barrels 24 inch from 3114 cents to 5114 cents.
Barrels 22 inch from 3114 cents to 4714 cents.
Barrels 20 inch from 26 cents to 4114 cents.
Barrels 19 inch from 26 cents to 4 li/ cents.
Barrels 18 inch from 26 cents to 41^4 cents.
Barrels 17 inch from 26 cents *to 4iy2 cents.
45—An overall increase of at least ten per cent shall
granted on all strawless cartons, except 16 and 20 pieces
and that an increase of two cents shall be granted on a
carton within a carton.
46—Learners finishing on the automatic jigger shall receive
first two months, 88 cents per hour third and fourth
months, 97 cents per hour fifth and sixth months, ten
per cent off dr $1.07 per hour. After six months, and
doing the average amount of work, she will receive the.
same rate of pay’as the journeyman.
47—The hourly rate of pay for finishing on automatic jig
ger shall be $1.50 per hour.
48—All extra drawing on glost kilns shall be given to ware
49—Ten per cent bonus shall be given to dish makers on all
sizes of dishes and bakers under the seven inch size.
50—Dishmakers’ work, casting dishes and bakers shall be
printed in the dish makers’ agreement, also the agree
ment to pay for mould changing shall be printed in the
dish makers’ article.
51—The turners shall be paid one and one half hours per
five day week at their hourly average earnings for filing
tools and taking care of damp closets.
52—All emptying shall be paid for at average hourly rate
of pay to jiggermen.
53—When stampers are required to box or stilt ware they
shall be paid at the rate of one cent per dozen for stilting,
one half cent per dozen for boxing and card boarding in
addition to their basic rates.
54—All type of kilns shall be operated by a recognized kiln
55—All warehousemen shall be paid $1.51 per hour.
56—The finishing price of 4 inch plain plates, 7 and 8 inch
plain plates shall be increased to 12 per cent applicable
to the 1942 agreement. This increase to come from the
firm, this also applies to generalware and chinaware.
57—The vacation pay shall be on an industry Wide basis.
58—That all 64, 7, 7^j, 8 inch plates in china shall be in
creased one fourth cent per dozen.
59—Double time shall be paid for New Years, Decoration Day,
and Thanksgiving Day including watchmen, cleaners, and
60— All carrying out shall be done at firm’s expense.
61— A 30 per cent increase shall be granted to all employees.
62—All sponges shall be furnished free to the employees.
63—Time and one half shall be paid for Saturday and Sunday
61*—Brushes shall be furnished to chinaware liners.
65—All work performed on second shift shall be paid 15c per
hour e\tra, work performed on third shift shall receive
25 cents per hour extra.
Stockholm, (ILNS)The Swedish
Federation of Labor has just cele
brated its 50th anniversary’, the fes
tivals culminating in Stockholm
Aug. 7-8. Twelve foreign countries
sent 30 delegates, and several
Swedish organizations, including
the Employers’ Association, were
also represented.
The first Swedish trade unions
were organized in the 1870’s, but it
was not until 1898 that a national
organization, the Federation of La
bor, was formed. Today, it has more
than 1,200,000 member-, or more
than one-sixth of the Swedish pop
ulation. At the end of the First
World War its membership was
200,CCO, by 1929 it had grown to
over 500,COO, and in 1942 the first
millionth member was registered.
NOTICE L. U. 155
All members are urged to be
present at our next meeting on
Wednesday, August 25 to vote
on salami of national presi
dent and secretary-treasurer.'
By order of president.
Shop Teams Will
(Continued From Page One)
friend to say yes to the all im
portant question. Cheer up Chariiej
a faint heart never won a fair
Another reminder, our polls will
be open from 3 p. m. to 11 p. m.
on August 23 for you to cast your
vote on the referendum now before
the trade pertaining to Officer/
salaries. This will be your last
chance to cast your ballot on this
very important question, so take
advantage of your right to vote
and participate in the affairs of the
Brotherhood.—0. C. 42.
special meeting has been
called for Saturday morning,
August 21 at 10 a. m. in Room
3, Brotherhood hall, in com
pliance with resolution 171
which was adopted in conven
tion, seeking a uniform rate
of pay for Battersoul on all
dish jobs. Out of town mem
bers are urged to
ITU Convention i
Seeks Ways To
Defend Members
Indianapolis (LPA)—AdoptiBR" 'of
new “methods of defense” if neces
sary, to win battles with newspap
er publishers was urged here by
President Woodruff Randolph of
the Int’l Typographical Union in
a report prepared for submission
to the ITU’s 90th convention, open
ing Aug. 14 in Milwaukee, Wis.
“If we have come to the point
where strikes, of themselves, are
hot a sufficient answer to the un
fair employer, another answer, sup
plementary or otherwise must be
found and applied,” Randolph de
clared. “Defensive techniques must
fevolve as does the. industry in
which we work.”'
Other ITU convention reports re
vealed that during the year ending
May 20, the international spent
nearly $4,300,000 for defense pur
poses, of which approximately $2,
500,000 was spent- on the strike
against Chicago dailies.
At present, a 5 per cent assess
ment on inembers is bringing in
Over $1,000,000 a month. This has
enabled the union to pay back
money borrowed from other funds
for strike benefits and to provide
full-scale financing of current
strikes, the reports disclosed.
A report by Elmer Brown, ITU
vice president, contended that the
typos “have nothing to fear from
the highly advertised ‘new proces
ses’ (of newspaper production) ex
cept as they may be used as strike
breaking instruments.”
He declared the Union's position
ih that respect will be strengthen
ed when the ITU has succeeded in
organizing the workers in the new
processes an devices.
“When we have corrected this
defect in our organizational set
up,” he said, “we can With confi
dence welcomfe all new processes
and work of development of more
and better printing equipment and
machinery. 1
“The more and cheaper methods
developed for producing newspop*
Ors and magazines, the greater will
be the output,” he added. “At pres
ent there is a near monopoly in the
newspaper field which can only be
broken when men with small capi
tal can finance the establishment
of a newspaper or magazine.”
Union Trying
Tb Save'Met'
New York (LPA)—AFL unions
in the entertainment industry this
week are trying to work out plans
which will keep the Metropolitan
Opera Ass’n in business.
Famed baritone Lawrence Tib
bett, presidnet of the American
Guild of Musical Artists, an affi
liate of the Associated Actors &
Artists of America-AFL, has call
ed a conference of all unions af
fected by the ‘Met’s’ decision to
cancel plans for the 1948-49 opera
The operas management claimed
that it was unable to grant better
Wages to its employes, represented
by 12 unions, because it had piled
up a $220,000 deficit last year, al
tho playing to full houses.
At least three of the unions in
volv«*d, Local 802 of the American
Federation of Musicians, Local 1
of the stagehands union, and the
Theatrical Wardrobe Attendants
continued to try to find ways and
means of compromising their de
mands with the “Met.” The musi
cians offered to forego wage in
creases if a social security plan is
agreed .to by the management.
Then came the Association’s uni
lateral proclamation that the sea
son is being cancelled.
Charles R. lucci, secretary of Lo
cal 802-AMF promptly pointed out
“The Metropolitan Opera is not
a private venture but a world-re
nowned institution it is one which
belongs not to a board of directors
but to all the people, those thous
ands of Americans who have con
tributed money so that the Metro
politan could continue its exis
“It belongs to the employes who
have on numerous occasions made
wage sacrifices, given free services
for charitable purposes and actual
financial contributions. Local 802
has given direct subsidies to the
“With this background it is in
conceivable that the Metropolitan
Opera’s board of directors could
act so cavalierly.”
Tibbett’s telegram calling other
union representatives to meet with
him also expressed shock that the
directors had broken off negotia
tions and issued their ultimatum.
“Such cancellation affects the de
velopment of musical culture in the
US as well as the livelihood and
artistic careers of over 600 per
The nation-wide radio audience
Tor the Saturday opera broadcasts
has for years been asked to con
tribute to keep the opera going.
The .convenient, reguhr way of
saving is thiuuuh the purchase of
U. S. Savings Bunds by the Payroll
I Saving method.
til Llk
AFL Union Sues
Employer For
Contract Breach
Baltimore (LPA)—A breach of
contract suit was filed last week
in federal court by Local 453,
Amalgamated Meat Cutters &
Butcher Workmen-AFL against a
trade association in the seafood
packing industry. The union is ask
ing $750,000 from the employers
who broke off wage negotiations.
Last January the employers act
ing thru the Crisfield Seafood
Ass’n reopened wage discussions
under %he terms of a contract with
Local 453. A wage cut was pro
posed, which the union rejected.
Discussions dragged on until April,
when the employers said that they
intended to unilateral cut wages,
and fire any worker who refused
the reduced rate.
In the first action of its type
in Maryland history, the union is
hauling the employers into court,
demanding restoration of jobs for
its members and damages of $750,
Air Force Denies
Boeing Congrats
Washington (LPA) Attempts
by the Boeing Airplane Co., whose
Seattle plant has been struck by
the Int’l Association of Machinists
unaffiliated, to claim US Air
Force support for its strike break
ing efforts fell flat last week. In
a letter to IAM President Harvey
Brown, Air Secretary Stuart Sym
ington denied that Air Corps offi
cers had congratulated Boeing on
its use of scab labor.
The “Boeing News”—a company
sheet—said that General Joseph
T. McNarney and General K. B.
Wolfe, after inspecting the Boe
ing plant, praised the company on
the way it was utilizing its labor
force, and upon the “morale” of
the scabs.
President Brown wrote the Air
Force asking Symington to check
“into this matter and let me know
whether or not this story accurate
ly reflects the statement made by
your officers in Seattle.”
Symington replied: “General Mc
Narney informs me that during his
visit at the Boeing plant he made
no statement complimenting the
company ‘upon its hiring record
during the past few weeks.” I am
satisfied that General McNdrney
and General Wolfe are officers
whose past experience makes it un
likely that under the circumstances
they would issue any such state
The Air Secretary thanked the
IAM chief for bringing this false
company statement to his atten
tion. I
New York—The 85th annual con
vention of the New York State Fed
eration of Labor, bulwarked by the
largest number of delegates ever
to attend its sessions, opened here
in a mood of implacable determi
nation to lick every reactionary
Congressman seeking election in
the state.
Taking as his keynote the con
vention slogan, “Vote November 2
to preserve the freedom for all
who labor,” George Meany, AFL
secretary-treasurer, lashed out bit
terly at Republicans and Democrats
in Congress who passed the Taft
Hartley law, ignored the high cost
of living and imposed an inequitable
tax law.
“Yuor very first job,” Meany told
the delegates, is to get your mem
bers out to vote. In 1946, more
than 40,000,000 Americans eligible
to vote failed to vote. We are con
vinced that a substantial portion of
those were trade union members or
in families of trade unionists.
“Your second job is to remem
ber that you. must vote as trade
unionists whether you are regis
tered Republican or Democratic or
anything else that we will not cast
a vote for any candidate unless
we feyl that that person will fol
low the ideals and the principles of
the American labor movement.
“If these ideals fall by the way
side, America falls by the wayside
as a world power and world peace
goes down the drain.”
The convention also heard ad
dresses by Francis Cardinal Spell
man, archbishop of New York
Mayor William O’Dwyer Charles
J. MacGowan, president of the In
ternational Brotherhood of Boiler
makers, and Thomas Murray, presi
dent New York State Federation
of Labor.
Introduced by Martin T. Lacey,
president of the New York Central
Trades Council and chairman of the
convention’s arrangements commit
tee, Cardinal Spellman declared:
“America’s prosperity and hap
piness can be attained only through
the full cooperation between labor
and capital with full employment
and fair wages. Yet millions of
people are being taught and trick
ed into believing that the benefits
of security fall like manna from
Heaven. I beg those people who are
being thus deceived that they cease
to be terrified, stunned of confus
ed by Communists or Communist
inspired agitators, 'who with sharp
sickle-strokes seek to murder de
mocracy, stifle free enterprise, and
destroy world peace.
“In fair collective bargaining
rests America’s greatest hope for
future peaceful labor relations, but
in its processes men must guard
themselves against selfish, domi
neering minority groups opposed to
our democratic form of govern-
A Storehouse of Frozen Food in Your Home
Better, Food,
Delicious “company
dinner*,** complete
from fruit cup to
Better, Taste
The same luecioua
flavor, tempting fresh*
nesa as whoa packed
Thursday, August 12, 1948
New York State Federation
Moves To Defeat Enemies
ment, groups that refuse to solve
their problems through this just
device and use strikes as smoke
screens to wage political war
against America.”
In his address, Meany warned
that “the trade union movement
must be a dynamic movement or
it dies. A feeling of complacency
is dangerous to a movement such as
ours. We need eternal vigilance.”
Meany urged the delegates not to
permit “anyone to make a politi
cal football out of the New York
State Federation of Labor. Remem
ber trade unions are bread and but
ter organizations. One reason for
our existence is to better the con
dition of those who work for wages.
The issues between major political
parties are fictitious. The secret is
sue is the in’s want to stay in and
the out’s want to get in.”
“What’s our answer?” asked
Meany. “Should we tie up the AFL
to a political party? The Demo
cratic Party? What of that 115
Democrats who put on labor the
cross in the form of the Taft-Hart
ley law? What about that part of
the Democratic Party which bases
human values ou the color of a
man’s skin? Tie up with Wallace
and go along with those who be
lieve in the barbaric philosophy of
Moscow? Tie up with the Repub- f
lican Party because some people
think that the Republican presiden
tial candidate would repeal the ob
noxious sections of the Taft-Hart
ley law? I haven’t heard the Repub
lican candidate say anything about
the Taft-Hartley law.”
Mayor O’Dwyer, who got a long
ovation from the assemblage, at
tacked the 80th Congress for lis
tening to the real estate lobby and
blocking housing legislation, which
took “a sledge hammer and hit
labor, sowing contempt for labor
by the Taft-Hartley law and even
worse contempt by asking for an
other term to do to you God knows
State AFL President Murray de
“We shall defeat at the polls
every member of the 80th Congress
irrespective ot party affiliation who
voteji for enactment of the Taft
Hartley law. We have consecrated
ourselves to this task and we will
keep at it until complete victory is
ours. We will fill the hall of Con
gress with RepresentativQS,'''’’ W$£
know, understand and give cOniiir g
eration to the aim and aspirations
of the American worker.”
Local Union No. 10 will vote
on Officers’ salaries Monday,
August 16th, from 1 until 8
p. m.
Better, Health.
.. Fruita, vegetables—fresh and
tender, at their yitamiq beat.
Lower, Cost
Buy food in quantity at
market prices either
or freeze it yourself.

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