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State, U. S. Labor Officials Should Lead In Fight On Unemployment Frances Perkins Declares In Speech. Washington, D. C. (ILNS).— State and federal labor officials should demonstrate efficiency, plan cooperatively and take leadership in the prevention of unemployment, Frances Perkins, former Secretary of Labor, told delegates to the In ternational Association of Govern ment Labor Officials recent con vention in Charleston, W. Va. Miss Perkins spoke in response to an award “for leadership in building labor standards for Am erican workers” given her at the convention. “Unemployment,” she said, “is one of the great hazards that still hovers over America. We believe we have put some factors into our economy in the form of wage-hour and child !a^r legislation, old age and unen payment insurance and public employment offices that will slow down, and we hope will tend to prevent, a sudden drop in em ployment to the point of disaster.” The former Secretary urged labor officials to develop “a coop erative plan” of public works, of work-sharing, of opening up new fields of opportunity and new in dustrial products “that can go into operation quickly” should it ever become necessary. Although labor departments do not have exclusive jurisdiction 4n all these fields, she believes they should take leadership in advance planning because they, are legally responsible for the protection of those people “most desperately af fected by a slump.” Lake Seamen Join AFL Seafarers Montreal (ILNS).—The Canad ian Lake Seamen’s Union has merged with the Seafarers’ Inter national Union of North America, AFL, it was announced here. At the baine time Pat Harrison, found er ol the Canadian union, retired from the organization. He formed it more than a year ago, when he broke with the Canadian Seamen’s Union, charging it was Communist dominnU... Sullivan’s union obtained con tracts with several Great Lakes shipping companies which refused to tn at with the CSU and the lat ter opposed CLSU activities bitter Jy,. contending, that the CSU was the recognized bargaining ®Fent of lake seamen.............. Announcement of the CLSU-SIU merger came from the office of Frank Hall, vice president of the Brotherhood of Railway and Steam ship Clerks. It said he brought the parties together that before nego tiations started the CLSU agreed to the SIU condition that Sullivan be “retired from the scene.” The merger means that the CLSU loses its identity and now becomes a part of the SlU’s Canad ian district. The SIU embraces deep-sea as well as operations. Great Lakes said that the viewed the The announcement contracting parties merger “as a complete answer to the difficulties of the stuke situa tion on the Lakes” since the mem bers of the CLSU as a result »f the merger, “now are represented by a strong international American Federation of Labor organization.” While reason is puzzling herself about the mystery, faith is turning it into b"r daily bread and feeding on it thankfully in her heart of hearts. The Payroll Savings Plan pUU your savings into U. 8. Savings Bends before your good intentions can go wrong. DOCTOR SHOES FOR FOOT COMFORT Flexible and rigid arch styles In ox fords and high shoes. X-ray Fitting BENDHEIM'S East Sixth Street Farm Labor tlnio Battles Import Of Unneeded Mexicans Washington (LPA) A hard fought battle is going on behind the scenes in Washington to pre vent the wholesale use of Mexican farm labor as a mobile striking force to halt any moves to unionize agricultural workers in the factory farms of California. Last week, an AFL delegation went to Director Robert Goodwin of the Bureau of Employment Sec urity, and Certifications Officer Willard Kelly of the Immigration & Naturalization Service. They re peated the protests that had orig inated in California when the Nat’l Farm Union-AFL revealed that 5000 Mexican workers had been certified as needed in the Fresno County area. The union claims that there is plenty of local labor avail able if prevailing wages are paid, and says the way the 5000 workers would be used violates internation al agreements with Mexico. Goodwin first said that his office had not yet approved the state certification that the 5000 workers were needed. Confronted with evid ence that it was already okayed by his agency and before the immigra tion officers, he back-tracked. He told LPA that he had been in error, that the 5000 figure was correct, but that “that’s not import ant, because certification can be changed at any time up until actual recruitment starts.” He said that an official of his agency is now in California, and on the basis of telephoned information the 5000 figure will be cut “to a fraction?’ Pressed over reports from the Mexican border that recruitment of the workers has already started, Goodwin said “even after they get into this country, if we find domes tic labor is available they will be sent back.” NFLU officials say that it’s common knowledge that many Mexican contract laborers “jump” their contracts and remain in the US illegally. Said NFLU President H. L. Mitchell after the interviews with the federal officials: "Neither the finance fanners nor the government agencies concerned in this matter havfk seen fit to recognize thf vital1 interest/of the NFLU in the inter national migration of farm work ers in the western hemisphere. The Associated Farmers are taking over—lock, stock and barrel—-the labor recruiting machinery of the state of California. They enjoy special privileges of information and representation in Washington. “The NFLU has repeatedly voic ed its concern over the Mexican workers themselves. We recognize that when they are brought here neither the United States nor the Mexican government gives them adequate protection in their con tract rights. Experience has shown that they are exploited in various ways that they are subject to the whims of the corporation farmers that no provision is made for the adjustment of legitimate griev ances that thousands of them go back home penniless, disillusioned and prejudiced against our country. NOTICE Special meeting of Local Union No. 9 Sept. 17 at 7:30 p. m. to vote on asking for referendum on the action of the 1948 convention (That the full resources of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters be made available to the board in carrying this case through to the highest court and relieve our of ficers of any personal expense in cidental to that aim). Praying this law be repealed. Money Loaned FOR PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT OF HOMES 5% Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON & BBOADWAT EAST UVEBPOOL OHIO OFFICERS: lOfflf PUBINTON. Presideat JU.WYN C. PUBINTON, Secretary CHAS. W. HENDEB8HOT. IOS. M. BLAZES. Treasurer Vtoe haMkei EL DUNLAP. IB. Attorney .. IOSOOU»000004)OttOOOOOOOO»»00»0WWOOOOOO000HMb ALBERT DRAY, President MATTHEW CURRAN, Vice President ROY BROADBENT, ‘i™' a"d A EH Aimaa Hlivl UIVvS UaSOV Fr*M Financial Secretary LAURENCE E. BROWN, Recording Secretary EDWARD CRONIN, Inspector JOHN W. HART, Guard HILLMAN MAY, Trustee ENOCH JONES, Trustee BEN JONES, Trustee. i I Largest tmciric, n mated to be 900,000 KW. Construction was started in Feb ruary 1947 and the first generating unit is scheduled for operation July 1949. Unit two is planned for 1950 with the third units to be completed “Construction is about as scheduled,- k* Generating Unit Er±L^LlfVXZZt- Being Completed hs.‘ha‘ I er 10 Electric Power Company, the new |afteriL.., which they must be sold, four unit plant is designed as the worlds largest and most efficient of its type and will cost approxi mately $70,000,000 when completed in 1951, company officials have an nounced. llAnMrte lG,en I W WIIVVI LO I ailllVlv viiinu hf- Ltrike would affpct of a $85,000,000 post war expansion|jects where members of other|f()LBjg Business.” this program is a new 132,000 HP| The union had agreed to a onedgram’ th® legislative program and generating unit at the company’s (month extension of the contract, |tha8outhe.rn orKan zin£ drive. I plant at Brilliant, Ohio and ap-lwhich expired July 31. A union| ,XTage® have not been the cause] proximately 200 miles of high volt-(spokesman charged the employers|°L,the Pre*ent inflation, say the! age transmission line. Many other|had failed during that month to|office”‘ In.the steel industry rev-1 expansions and improvements inLhow any willingness to reach ahnue/rom J»crea««d prices will be! facilities, designed to bring extend-(peaceful agreement. The union is|f°ur times the amount of the wage! ed service to customers, have either (demanding a base pay of $2.75 an |,n. r?H8e8,-^n *be coa industry $150 previously been completed or are Ihour. The employers have offered |jn,1I10n hal b®en KJ80*?4 in. wage in the process of construction. |$2.50. The old contract had a base|increa8es’?B°!) m,1lion in price in- The Ohio Power Company facili-|of $2.30. A union spokesman point- |creages- *Ye arge au o companies ties are part of the Central System ed out that much of the work is ar® pending $152 million for of the American Gas and Electric (seasonal. He said many painters]. aB« increases, ge mg $ mi Service Corporation, which serves (were unemployed 5 months of the|l°n .p.rice mcreases. ame goes more than 1,000,000 customers in (year. OI1 ex i es. Ohio, Indian., West Virgini,., Vir- LA?'"™ “f.l1“ratL«na A 00(1 lcan Labor Party of THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OfliO Massachusetts cities have applied! for aid under the state’s new $200,- loco,000 housing program, the Na-1 Ibonds to cover costs of land assem-l°f the United States. (this week placed Progressive PartyIcat,on8’ and control of bank and 7 (candidates Henry Wallace and|con8uni®r credits. Their notion pro- These programs have been fin-|tacked president Truman, who he|,are Wt limitid to workers bclow| anced by the federation’s Record-|said “has a sordid record againstrbe Mason-Dixon line. wage! ing and Transcription Fund, which|the people who toil.” But Marcan-(standards of unionists thruout the! was created by the payment ofjtortio’s fiercest attacks were aimed (country remain in jeopardy as long I royalties on records by inanufilctur-|at New York’s Mayor William |as a North-South wage pay dif-1 ers of records and electrical trans-|O’Dwyer who had ALP support pcrential exists.’ The political im-l cription mechanisms. To date the|during his election fight, but has|Pact of the Southern Drive, they! allocated for programs this year, (were obtained by ALP patronage. rjna’ Alabama, Tennessee and other Tha programs are given in vet-| Meanwhile candidate Wallace (Southern states. erans’ hospitals, park band stands|was the target for eggs, tomatoes,, .... 1T ,ft| and other public places. This is the|and rocks as he toured NorthP’**1 MEMBERS Ob L. U. 591 scM'ond year the federation's 700i(Carolina. President Truman] Sebring, Ohio—All members are] locals have been participating in| promptly branded the assault upon (requested to be present at the next] such events. By this time last year|his opponent as “a highly un-Am-(regular meeting Sept. 13 at 7:30 piey. had given 5,824 programs, lerican business.” |p. m., to vote on asking for refer-] ... ........................-...u-.,, -.. ................ jendum on the-action of thc 1948] ra Harrison Visits White House (convention in throwing open our| BIG ANT1-HEBERT VOTE I Washington (LPA) President (resources to defend our national] New Orleans (LPA)—In a sur-(George Harrison of the Railway (officials, shall be repealed and no] prising show of strength, Lucille (clerks Union-AFL, who is heading (money shall be expended to defend] Savoie, candidate of organized la-(up tha new committee of AFL (any officer now or in the future. b*1 Tolled up a vote of 15,000(leaders for Truman called on the against Rep. F. E. Hebert, the (President in the White House last ,»ng machine’s candidate for Con-(week. He told Truman that altho (ftess in last week’s Louisiana (the AFL officially is maintaining IbmocraUc primaries. Hebert won (its traditional non-partisan policy, with 40,000 votes, hut unionists ex-(leaders of 7,000,000 out of the pressed encouragement at the size(AFL*s 8,000,000 members are in of the vote they got out in view of (his corner. That san^e day the Int’l the fact that the Huey “Kingfish” (Ladies Garment Workers Union Long’s son headed the tick on|AFL voted an endorsement to the which Hebert ran. (Democratic national ticket. I Massachusetts Program To Build Tmman CafflOaisHS 20,000 Homes For Veterans Started Ir., Toil w.J •».* I Chicago (ILNS).—Nearly ICC lb—-------------------------- -------------------liOl A|A Ei of Housing Of_ HC& Truman EhJamaaa |v R* (piration of their contract. Four has vetoed measures enacted by the |number of hospitai l)e(ls by 50% Couch, District Manager here, said locaLs of the Brotherhood of Paint-(Congress taking away, much-need- aiding locnl bHc health organiza_ ^y/^e’ast few weeks, an aver-lr8i Decorators and Paperhangers ed social security benefits from tions to become established in. age of 6000 yards of concrete have|of America arp involved in the dis- hundreds of thousands of American |creasing researcb, and the health been poured per work day, for|pute. n (workers. President Truman has |jnsurance program foundation, gnd underground struc-( union spokesman said the (advocated many other measures] tures and soon.installation of some of the equipment will be started thJ|t are bejng done by the 22 con- »nd th® pe.opl® ”. ful than faith-the one great mov The Power to be generated will (tractors who are association mem-1 On other hand, it contmu- Lng force wbicb we can neither benefit the entire Ohio Power Sys- bers Amotlg them are several con- ed, “Governor Dewey is committed weigh in thc balance nor test jn th tem which serves commercial, in- |struction projects and work atp own party’s special interest |crucible dustrial and private residences in(creedmoor State Hospital and(p^tform. He takes his stand with!-.... ........... 2 55 Ohio Counties, Mr. Couch said.” |Queeng Qenera] Hospital. Picket pb® Republican leadership of the| The Philip Sporn plant is part (lines were put around those pro- pdth Congress. He is the candidate program of The Ohio Power Com-(trades unions were employed, but| Th® executive board also heard! pany, started in 1947. Included in the hospitals were excepted. (reports on the anti-inflation pro-1 ALP FOR WALLACE New York (LPA)—The Ameri-|to fight mHation includes excess Tay,or at the head of its|gram is to center around joint con- (ticket. Once representing a number|sumer committees thruout the reg |of AFL and CIO unions in the|lons- These committees are to spon- Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—(state, the ALP’s trade union sup-|s.)r mass meetings and invite poli Members of the American Federa-|port is now limited to left-wing|Hcal candidates to give their views tion of Musicians have given 6,989 |led CIO affiliates and AFL locals. |on CIO anti-inflation program. I free programs of music throughout] Rep. Vito Marcantonio, party] Continuation of the Southern] the United States and Canada this (chairman, called Wallace the “line-(Organizing Drive was pledged by year, President James C. Petrillo |a| political descendant of Franklin |the officers who stated that the| of the union announced here. (Delano Roosevelt” and bitterly nt- (benefits derived from the drive programs have cost $911,023. Thepince denounced the ALP and dis- raid, has already become evident I 1L-. A union still has $625^77 additional|chargcd city employes whose jobs|“l Flor'da, North and South Caro-1 UlU tROOrSCS I lO BCIICI* HCflltll n I The program provides tit 1WM- h| CI0 before the voters this fall with Icipal construction and management! Washington (LrA) ine ciui n lof 20,000 low-rent dwellings for I executive board this week endors- (blueprints for a ten-year.program (veterans. Municipalities may issue Ied Harry S. Truman for President Local housing bonds sold for this (Democratic candidate and of the (Oscar Ewing sent the ten-year pro Ipurpose will be guaranteed by (Progressive Party candidate Henry |gram to the White House last ($200,000,000 in state credit. In ad-|A- Wallace. The final vote was 35 (week. (dition, the state will foot the bill F° in *avor of Truman. I National health insurance—the |for part of the construction costs. |. This was very similar to the vote (proposal strongly advocated by or- FACES CONTEMPT CHARGE—(state subsidy is limited to $5,000,-Pas^ January which denounced the (ganized labor and opposed vicious President Woodruff Randolph, (qqq year for 25 years, and to 2.5 |new Wallace party at that time. |ly by organized medicine repre along with other officers of thelpercent of develOpment costs of|The only vote switched since that|sented by the American Medical Int’l Typographical Union-AFL I one project (time was that of Michael Quill, pre- |Ass’n—is the key point in the pro has been charged with contempt of A]ready the number of local |silent of the TransPort Workers, |gram. court because Chicago printers housing authorities in Massachus- l“ho raade P« torl strikes continues despite a T-H in- |ettR more than jounej as a ITruman iTruman, “we are dealing with hu junc ion, Idirect result of the program. Local-1 have housing C'»s languish. Every year, er 300,0001 (before they are eligible for state voFes Voting ao-airwt Hip tmo |peoPle‘he whom we have the know- me «. i, pro™^»'«•*— A fourth 185,000 HP electric (Pegram started May. (Mine Mill & Smelter Workers satisfactory medical care. The generating unit, estimated to cost| Th® apflount of aid any one c,.|^|joseph Selly, Communications (in-between groups—other than the approximately $18,000,000 has been (may Ky *n cred*ts is genera yUss»n. Qrant Oakes, Farm Equip-(fairly small portion who are cover authorized for installation at the|*irPited to 3 percent of tne munio-l 5yor^erg. Dona(d Henderson, |ed by voluntary insurance plans— new Philip Sporn plant, now under |P!l assessed valuation, un 1 lpOO(j 'robacCo A Agricultural Work- |are the ones desperately in need of construction on the Ohio River, Jas«. my issue bonds up F. Ben Fur Workers better care. near Pomeroy, Ohio, Harold Turn-|to ,000 ®nd have ^u.. (Morris Pizer, Furniture Workers “I see no possible way to nro er, Vice President and General plT^w^^husetts housing board |Joseph Jurich« Fishermen and the (vide funds needed for adequate Manager of the Ohio Power Com- The Massach tt. bousinr lrepresentative of fche Marine Cook (medical service to these in-between pany announced today, at Canton. |1S als0 nfl& Stewards. In addition, John (groups, who constitute the vast The new power generating unit (PrS?™ aiOne is build-lB,a5kburn of the Litographers ab- (majority of our people, except thru will bring the total capacity of the |J jJPii nOx under the latter |8tained because of a requirement of la system of national health insur company, large plant to 550,000 ^hirt pZtoT diroei fe’.«"»«*"«»". a"* onee.” K’I’ e8ti- Sy for 5 yearoby the state to «f the Lon^men was wh,1!( Ewjng vagt gajn8 Owned jointly by The Ohio Pow- costs Local housing authorities] the past generation, there is er Company and the Appalachian Lay rent the dwellings for 5 years a (still much unnecessary loss. Here ■Rlopf.rin Pnwpr fnrrinanv npwl ai__ ISlCWnt 1 niiTian S V1V1I KlftlHS rTO factSC Ai ’I PRintfirs Strike DmaaIt IAaoiHaaIt I DrCOK IrUaUlUvR JuIius Emspack, Electrical Work- “This stark fact proves that the 60 Of,^ “mn,u”,‘ ers James Durkin, Office & Pro- (present system is inadequate. By J„C" JhlM"™1 Workers Abram Flaxer, large, only the well-to-do and, their housing agencies since the Publ.c Work(ir8. ’Rei(| Bobinson to a certain extent, charity patients percent of development] The statement Draisei the Demo- |bav® made by medical science Igram will deservedly rank in our I (history with President Lincoln’s very y®ar» 325,000 people die Emancipation Proclamation as a (whom we have the knowledge and (charter for human dignity and|tbe sk,Hs to NTew York City (ILNS).—Two(ha£ sought to restore effective price (billion in national wealth thru sick thousand painters quit work Sept, (controls. He has pleaded with the |ness and partial and total disabili Ji in Queens borough against 22 (Congress for sound and far-seeing |ty. inn?qKi employers in an effort to end a (housing legislation. He has called] Ewing’s report to Truman pro 0 deadlock in negotiations that have for extension and improvement of |poses increasing the number of progressing! tended a month beyond the ex- oqr social security structure. He|doctors and nu increasing the a M[. (freedom.” Every year, the nation loses 4,- Concerning the rest of Truman’s(300,000 man-years of work thru (record it said: “President Truman (bad health. (vetoed the Taft-Hartley law. He| Every year, the nation loses $27 oniy those jobs deseed to bring security health Notfl?ng Jn Hfe is more won&r- New York state |profits tax Price control, and allo- I I 811“I83l I 1311 A lai (lpa I |Truman’s administration will go I e ”a I Ibly and construction. The cities will I Board members spent almost a I Ihire private builders to do the job.Uu11 day arguing the merits of the I Federal Security Administrator drawn nn returned tn office “After all,” Ewing reported to lrntjn dves and human suffering and I. 1 Ml fl I IF' ,(90 HAVEN'T I, CHAS. NEWTON, I Recording Secretary I FRANK BUEHLER, I ix Financial Secretary I THOMAS C. STAHL, I Presidentl FRED BOOTH, Vice Presidentl 1 .CHARLES CRANSTON, I w Trustee! a I WJLLIAM CRANSTON,. I Inspector.! St. John, N. B. (ILNS).—While people are forced to pay highly ex orbitant prices in the stores and scarcitfes are claimed, farmers are plowing up their vegetables be cause of lack of markets. The Sun bury County Cooperative, compos ed of 70 farmers, has announced it is unable to market about 60,000 basket of tomatoes and the cucum ber yield, and that only a small percentage of the cabbages are be ing sold. The cooperative can sup ply 1,000 dozen of cucumbers every day, but can’t sell more than a fifth of that. The wholesalers refuse to handle the vegetables at any price. Not in many years have the vege table crops been so heavy. There have also been big yields of grains, berries, apples, plums, etc. But the wholesalers have turned thumbs down on buying more than about one-fifth of the field and orchard crops offered. Present indications are that at least 50 percent of the vegetable crop of 1948 will be plowed under. In some instances, the percentage will be more, even up to 75 and 80 percent of the total. The growers, including the cooperative units, have been trying desperately to sell the vegetables but the wholesalers and also the canners mainfest little or no interest. There is a great op portunity for consumer groups to buy in big lots at low prices, but the consumers have not been or ganized. At some locations the vegetable yields have been the heaviest in 30 years. Although millions of people in Europe, Asia, Africa are hungry, no effort is made to assemble some of the crops for overseas. Textile Workers Win Reinstateitftfht Atlanta (LPA) The General Tire & Rubber Co. was ordered by the NLRB last week to reinstate four members of the Textile Work ers Union of America and pay them $15,000 in back wages. The large corporation’s Aldora, Ga., textile plant is its only unit which has not been “signed up” by some CIO union, TWUA said. Now that the NLRB has ordered the company to stop trying to prevent organize- a- __ jiIa y 1 I ||Wf .^1/ I (fcJ™ I ^lg flv", SOFlftdl 1*111*101 I*1G^^ 11*1 11 Oil I 111Cl 3 Tllw DlOClUVI OT yGoiS Ol IvivOlCri you often wondered why It's difficult to secure adequate, soft light that's easy on your eyes and at the same time gives good general illumination? Now, at long last, you have the answer in these new "Certified 1 Lamps," scientifically designed to give 50 to 100 per cent more useful light, yet the glass bowl softens the light for your eyes and the upward glow relieves harsh room shadows. A weighted base makes those lamps non-tippable. Ask your dealer to show you these new portable lamps in floor, table, and occasional models. ran .. .. Thursday, September 9, 1948 Lack of Markets Brings Destruction Of New Brunswick Vegetable Crops Wisconsin Acts To Aid Housing Chicago (ILNS). Wisconsin legislators recently took a major step toward providing state money for veterans housing. The National Association of Housing Officials says that the Wisconsin legislature approved a proposed constitutional amendment which would permit the state to subsidize housing for veterans. Some $8,000,COO was made avail able for this purpose by the legis lature last year, but the money is bottled up because the state sup reme court ruled that the state con stitution bans expenditures for “internal improvements.” The proposed amendment would exempt veterans housing from the restriction. Before the amendment can be finally adopted, it must be approved by the regular session of the legislature next year and then by Wisconsin voters, probably next April. MERGER OF UNIONS IN RADIO ASKED Boston (ILNS).—The American Federation of Radio Artists, AFL, in annual convention here urged a merger of the 5 unions with juris diction over radio performers. Un til a merger is achieved, the fed eration will claim jurisdiction over television performers. The convention condemned the Taft-Hartley Act and the proposed Massachusetts referenda being fought by organized labor, one call ing for a ban on the union shop. The convention asked a test court case on violations of the so-called “unfair stations” clause in the na tional network commercial code, which allows networks performers to refuse to work if their programs are carried over affiliates unfair to the AFRA. tion of the Aldora workers, TWUA expects to win there too. WANTED KILNPLACERS and PACKER a „,+!! 5 1 T*' I 4P. ’2 LAUREL POTTERY MFG. COMPANY Stockton, California |_ Look for OHIO POWER* this Tag- a a **4i.