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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, September 16, 1948, Image 6

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1948-09-16/ed-1/seq-6/

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Minister of Labor Dr. Adolf Sch
aerf, Vice-Premier of Austria Joh
ann Boehm, president of the Aus
trian Federation of Labor Max
Buset, chairman of the Belgian La
bor Party H. Vincent Tewson
general secretary of the British
Trades Union Congress Kurt Schu
macher, chairman of the Social
Democratic Party of Germany, and
Sven Andersson, general secretary
of the Swedish Social Democratic
Party. A message was also receiv
ed from M. J. Coldwell (M.P.), pre
sident of the Cooperative Common-,
wealth Federation of Canada. i
Leon Blum, veteran leader of the^
French labor movement, expressed
“admiration for the wonderful acts
I of solidarity which the American
working people manifest toward
the democratic labor movement
throughout the world.”
The cable from H. Vincent Tew
Ron, general secretary of the Brit
ish Trades Union Congress, stated:
“Again on a common meeting
ground, trade unionists of the Un
ited Kingdom and the United
States, with the spokesmen of the
free trade union movement on the
Continent of Europe, are seeking
to "apply their talents and resources
to the task of economic rehabilita
“On the formidable and pressing1
tasks which confront us under the
European Recovery Program we
have already made a splendid start
to put into effect an idea nobly
conceived for a vital purpose. The
happy unity found at the beginning
of our task must prevail until its
successful conclusion. Trade union
ists in the United Kingdom send)
fraternal greetings and a message
of good will to American trade un
ionists on their Labor Day with the
assurance that our joint efforts,
unceasingly directed to the im
provement of the material and cul
tural standards of workers through
out the world, will achieve the ends
we have in view.”
The message of good will from!
Kurt Schumacher, chairman of the
Social Democratic Party of Ger
Tnany, to the American working
people, was “particularly directed
to the Jewish workers whose next
jto kin in Europe have so cruelly
suffered from totalitarian persecu
tf» ,-■'
Dr. Shumacher continued: “May
this Labor Day remind us all of
that spirit of international solidar
'^ity which is the best and proudest
heritage of the true followers of
X’. the workers movement all over the
world. The more we suffer for thin
You Can See the Cream
Milk Bottles
Golden Star
Phone 3200
Used Exclusively By
V •VH^
New York City (ILNS).—Ex
pressions of fraternal solidarity to
the American workers were con
veyed in messages from a dozen
European labor leaders in cables
which were received by the Jewish
Labor Committee, 175 East Broad
way, New York City, it was an
nounced by Adolph Held, national
4 The committee released cables
from Leon Blum, former Premier
of France Daniel Mayer, French
workers Um y For Peace,
n R| I
H(|3FO NR IH80 10 1
A 10m I IS 111 UniOnSl
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
Funeral Home are as
10% Were
9% Were
50% Were
31% Were
*80 MUCH for so little**
7 215 WMt rath Street Phone. Main 10
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■•.? X!$e
z *%,
V‘*T •.»
ssvsa swr i
A |h li.lji.Bain. flfl
n XVlll BMIBB wiviviivi ver my vetQ,
Women Farm Workers l’ng
One-Fifth of U. S. Total
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
'$•- A-*
7 V ’W*'
V ■u-^' F|
V 'S,
V. b~ ’.♦
Democracy Stressed By /. -.I s ■'r,.:
European Labor Heads JZssues
...7 ....«
President of the United States-
act,on waH taken over
very important part to play in the|percent and the Women’s Bureau had to close field offices in New
prove to be the voice or the un-] Deprived 750,000 workers of social security benefits, over my veto. aiup OI ine
conquered. Reduced the appropriations of the Department of Labor by nearly
“The workers of America have a|50 percent. The Bureau of Veterans’ Reemployment Rights was cut 50]Dg|j||
shaping of the world’s future.(Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis and San Francisco. oe
Without efforts, their sym- Further dispersed the iabor f. }7 Se'Xk^whicM
....♦k., ..-jtheir *k« Imaking an independent agency the S. Conciliation Service, which I Vvll III I
pathy and understanding, the war- Ld operat’Sng gucceJ8funyofua5tlU.8
in the Labor Department for 34 years.
torn countries of Europe can hard-|Tke re8Ujt bas cost the taxpayer more money for the same service. Chicago (LPA)—So you’re wor
ly hope for recovery and recon-1 The Republican 80th Congress also struck at workers by failing to |ried about getting an eviction
struction. Only if this hope is ful-|pass the following prolabor legislation for which bills had been intro- |notjce Don’t fret hrnthai- Vnn
tilled can the survival of demo-|duced and were under consideration: ini I nta tL
iracy, political, religious and rac-| An adequate bill to provide decent housing for millions of working ||“-t^te the constitution at your
ial tolerance and world Deace belpeople.
(landlord or at the fellow who holds
secured I Raise the minimum wage under the Fair Labor Standards Act from |the mortgage on your house.
140. to at least 75 cents an hour and extend the coverage of the act to| The Nat’l Association, of Real
M. J. Coldwell, the president or millions of workers who now do not have its protection. (Estate Boards has been trying hard
the Cooperative Commonwealth] Increase old-age assistance and survivors’ benefits to meet the in-|i,.tpiv
Federation of Canada, pointed out (crease in the ebst of living and extend the coverage of the Social Secur-1 .. ^k-t
that the gain, which orpmijed la- ity Aet to 20,000,000 not now covered. KLJ™ Z.ZJ.hu
bor has made in recent vears
ahnnLi ho an inanlmtinn tn its (partment, comparable to the agricultural extension service that has (organization and not that nasty
ZXc. K,i loperated so .ucce..rnllv (or many year., (lobbying outfit,
members, ana are tne mam nui Appropriate $6,000,000 for the prevention of industrial accidental Their latest “oublic relations”
taNo’rth& PrOgre“ wh'ch took 17,000 lives and crippled 91 000 worker. In 1947. L$“j,'“tXtaX thatlpl 17,
I Chicago (1LNS). Opening ---------Z—
■drive for wage increases and other
(concessions, chiefs of 16 unions of
(nonoperating railroad workers be
Igan negotiations with represents
Itives of the nation’s railroads.
I The unions, representing about
1,000,000 Of the 1,350,000 railroad
(workers in the country, are asking
a 25 cents an hour pay boost, time
and one-half for work over 8 hours
on week-days, and time and one
half all day on Saturdays, double
time on Sundays and a 40-hour
work week with the same pay as
for the present 48-hour week.
The carrier conferences were
'represented by 15 members, com
prised of 8 committees represent
ing the western, eastern and south
eastern railroad groups. The union
negotiators were headed by G. E.
Leighty, president of the Order of
Railroad Telegraphers and chair
man of the Non-operating Em
ployes National Conference Com
Discussing the 40-hour week pro
posal, Leighty said the average
straight time hourly wage of non-
\Truman, Dewey Stase Views on Labor
Establish a workers’ education extension service in the Labor De- (they re really a very respectable
North Amenia. rX"w7&^ the RepubHcan. .tifled pHee Constitution Day, i, to be otLrvni
76 Rail Unions Begin Negotiations
For Pay Increase, 40-Hour Week
1 (controls, the skyrocketing cost of living has risen 71.7 percent higher |wRh ceremonies by local boards
(than the prewar average. Food prices are more than double the prewar |who have obtained the cooperation
(average. Still the Republican Congress refused to heed the danger (of the. Sons of the American
(signals of inflation and take effective action to stabilize prices. As a (Revolution and the worthier veter
jresult, high.prices continue to take a big bite out of every pay envelope. |ans groups.
That’s the record. It tells American workers which political party In e vou»re uu-.ipd about the
(has their best interests at heart year in and year out. In y? PUM»ed about the
[connection between real estate
(brokers and the Constitution,
(NAREB President Hobart C. Brady
“Realtors especially have reason
Debated in\Campaign Kickoft
The following messages from President Harry S. Truman and Gov-
ernor of New York Thomas E. Dewey, Democratic and Republican
candidates, respectively, for President of the United States, were pre-
pared especially for the “American Federationist,” and appear in the
current issue of that official organ of the American Federation of Labor*
party that pressed the Taft-Hartley Act upon working people] Representative leaders of American Federation
anj ig reSpOnsjble for the high cost of living, is asking (have assured me that the Dewey-Warren ticket will
(labor to vote for its candidates in November. (labor support at the polls November 2. I find this very gratifying, and
Washington (LPA) —The deli-1 Having inaugurated in the Republican-controlled 80th Congress a|l welcome such support. I interpret it to mean that the great teachings
cate problem of how to insure the (blueprint for tearing down 16 years of progress under the Democratic of the f6under of the American labor movement, Samuel Gompers, still
collective bargaining rights of|party, the Republicans are now asking labor’s support for their anti-1lfVe and have meaning for those who have inherited his mission,
workers on atomic energy projects, (labor policies.
and at the same time prevent dis-1 The 80th Congress was guided by Republican policies and was oom-1 the test of time when he said, “Reward your friends and punish your
astrous work stoppages from tak-lpletely under the thumb of the Republican party. The Republican candi- (enemies.” I am prepared to rest my case with labor on that basis,
asirous wofk stoppages irom ta if disavow the party leadership which dictated these policies.I Gompers was against the Socialist experimenters and Communist
ing place, is now in the hands of dates cannot ^0*»»eie5»”^ted in the Republican platform to IwreckersVf his day? and I believe he would be against them in their
thesei experts in labor-management I the candidates are committed. ., (modern gmise of reformers and collectivists. With sharp insight, he
relations, who have been appointed] Republicans are asking workers to forget the gains made liftder |recognized them as the greatest menace to free labor and free trade
Lo a special commission by Presi-1 am of broad 8ociai and iabor legislation that was started in 1938 lunionism.
dent Triiman. |bv the Democratic party when Republican unemployment, hunger, de-1 In the last five years the state of New York has had no place its
Tko ...... wiiKawi w LLir and hnnkriintrv stalked the land. |government for “party-liners” or fellow-travelers. And your next ad
D.vis chairman a Ne^York at-’I TheVepublica^s would like the people to forget that under their ministration in Washington will not make them any more welcome. The
Uavis, cnairman, a New yotk at ration we had the world’s worst depression and that Democratic |new national administration which takes office next January will never
tomey who for a Ume was chair- •dminlstnrtmn we of $,„t depression, brought the make the mistake of assuming that men like Lee Pressman spenk for
•nan of the Natl War Labor Board P°'^ie shadows of despair toward prosperity and |the American working man. Nor will that administration play into the
Edwin E. White, head of the econ- |Un’ted welfare and understanding. (hands of such elements by so far forgetting the rijtfits of all our citizens
omic department at Univ, of Wis- |nu 19«o ’fter 12 years of Republican administration, vnion member- |aa to propose that strikes be broken by drafting men into the Army,
consin, also a WLB official during |v. hfld dwindled to 2 857 000 Today, union membership exceeds 15,- v In contrast with such policies, there is the record of administration
the war and Aaron Horwitz, form- nJo the highest in our historv. The Republican reaction to growing Im the largest industrial state in the nation during the past six years,
erly a commissioner of the U. S. Cioni strength was to force the Taft-Hartley Act through the Congress. h?e have always taken pride the fact that the American labor move
Conciliation Service and now a pmi- “"'“fn 19Xly 38,760,000 persons were employed, and !2,830,000 work- me^w^m New York and h„ now Imen^ord^a Me-sae. place
vate arbitrator in New York City. |ers were jobless. fil COO 000 a record high, and unem- (state and, as the annual reports of the New York State Federation of
The commission will have the( °^27 000 mostlv accounted for by workers changing I Labor will show, they have got along well with us. More than once in
ticklish problem of proposing ma- (ployment is only 2,227,00 y (these recent years they have found occasion to point out that New York
chinery that won’t kill the unions |from one job to ano workers employed in manufacturing (State has led the country in fields of social progress in which labor has
by too tight shackles, and at the| n' n AApV Rv JUne of this year the average weekly earnings |an abiding interest. This progress has been a cooperative undertaking
same time will provide reasonable ’J* though Republican scuttling of the OPA cut deep- which we all had common objectives.
machinery for bargaining with em- v nto the purchasing power of the weekly pay envelope. In achieving this progress, we have been ever mindful that if any
ninvort Ily InPu,7na8 KP0..® this- job« bv the Republican de-1 advance was worth fighting for it had to meet the test of the public m
v fAnioio I Millions of workers, q2() little or no savings, inade- Iterest. There is no class legislation on the statute books of New York.
Union officials, on the basis of Ipression which started in Octob many of them. I An advantage for management over labor or for labor over the public
past disputes at Los Alamos, N. quate relief, and soup kitchens and bread lines to teeamaqy^^ nQt meet that
M. and Oak Ridge, Tenn., have bit-1 JodayJ®rKe .numbers of wor unemployment and old age. I .. When labor is adequately insured against the threat of unemploy
terly attacked the Atomic Energy |vided by the Social Security Act 8 y, families have re- Iment and against the hazards of the job, the whole community is strong
Commission for leaving all collec- Under such insurance•workers and thteir widows ana ra er when labor reiations are handled in a fair, impartial way, with a
tive bargaining questions to the Reived payments of $2,041,000,000 to cushion tnem aga ns minimum of coercion and a maximum of cooperation, and the result is
private employers who operate the the bio- lessons taught by the depression was the need for (fewer strikes and industrial disputes, all the people benefit. Measures
atomic centers under contract with Lin£um wage and overtime^legislation The Fair Labor Standards Act to achieve these ends are labor policies only in a technical sense. They
the ARC. The onion, eharge that
c.Uing ov„ attaint- j?
from the that
they re up against a stone wall |time hours and banning °PPfes8!vf lab®. svstem of free em- W state ranks second to none in the peaceful settlement of disputes,
when the companies refuse to bar-| The Wagner-Peyser Act set up a nationwide system ol^ fce (Every man, woman and child in the state is better off because of it.
gain, and any strike would result(ployment offices. Under its Provisions^the U. S. E Pkey™® employer. I 1 ,ook forward to the coming campaign as an opportunity to talk
in disastrous delay in the atomic [made some 100,000 job placements ^‘Jjjout during |frankly to the country on all of the vital issues before our people. Not
projects. Of the total number of placements, about 43,000,000 were made curing q£ thege ,g And, although know wj|j tfllking
|the war and 2°,OQ0,000 smee. _ATtlpmber aii this forward-look- fche working man’s language when I talk about the price of meat and
rx r®. A. V O A i |Taft-Hartley Act which the Republican-controlled 80th Congress pawea. mogt directl AFL
I People who work for a l'v’nffT7'’ thpV arp not likelv to forget the lh?w 11 got where it is and how it can be brought down, and when I talk
leKlsIatlon in their wjterest. But they are mot I y Rpassed |ahout housing for our people, and peace, and security,
over the protests of the American Federation of Labor^.® £™*3“^|ized labor’s place in our society.
(industrial Organizations, the independent unions and kro^erhoods a^ I There are gome whoygeem to have ]ost thdr
Washington.—More than 1,750,- affiliated local and international unions Nor^wilLthey JhanfHro Ifog of propaganda which has been loosed on the labor front. Familiar
000 women were engaged in agn- |of the Congress to pass needed legislation to combat mriat o |obj,ets seem to have taken on a strangeness much that is true has been
cultural work in July, according to|vide adequate housing for workers. flM Taft-Hartlev Act |m®de to appear false some things which do not exist have been mis
Census Bureau reports. They were| The Republican platform isafrai definite labor pro-1^*'° f°r reality. I want to dispel that fog and replace hysteria with
one-tenth of all employed women But Platform’ whlch 8‘tS forth Pt° reason
and nearlv one-fifth of all aaricul- lgran?J?,oin y say*?- uOrtUv Art It was enacted by I An^ begin with the profound conviction that the American labor
ana nearly one nitn or an agricui „We advocate repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. It wa8e?a®*Ta“y (movement is a bulwark of our system of freedom- that unless labor is
tural workers From a peak in June the Republican 80th Congress oyer the President’s veto That free none of us are free and that that freedom can and mu?t be ure
of mote than 2 million, the number |lprOpOged with the promise that it would secure the legitimate (served. We must never let ourselves forget that the first act ofPthe
of women farm workers had de-Both employers and employes in their relations affect iHitler dictatorship was to destroy the German unions and that the
clined by about 380,000. Women in lit has failed .We advocate such legislationiaa :is “®8iraaJ® V* ®_T- (Soviet dictatorship has made the Russian unions creatures of the state,
nonagricultural employment had (lish just body of rules to assure free and effective ct (instruments to terrorize and keep enslaved the Russian workers. With
increased by 82,000, numbering 15,-|w determine, in the public interest, 8 Lgyanj en_ pb®8® awful lessons before us, we must zealously guard against any
819,000 in July ployers, to reduce to a minimum then confhet ®f'^®r®8^’.?n attempts at union busting and against efforts to make the American
y (able unions to keep their membership free of communistic influence. |labor movement a political company union.
.. .. TT 71 The Republican-controlled 80th Congress had a field day of anti-1 Knowing the AFL as I do, I would expect to find in it very feW men
ideal, the more we believe in it. |iabor legislation. In addition to the Taft-Hartley law, it: (who would sell out the interests of their members and their country for
Regardless of our different langu-| Twice refused to approve reorganization plans for strengthening |po|iticaI preferment. There can be no such thing as a uniin commissar
ages and nationalities, we cun still |the manpower functions of the Department of Labor by making tne u. o. |He could only be a commissar of an organization of slaves.
speak with one voice which will, in (Employment Service a permanent part of the department. In a nna jg pien who share that philosophy, not with those who ac
spite of all dictatorial and totali- (desperate action, the device of an appropriation ruler was used to trans-kept» foreign ideology, that we will work in Washington. That is why
tarian threats and brutalities, the U. S. Employment Service to the Federal Security Agency. This anticipate in the future what I have experienced in the past-a close
nrove ta he voiep of the un-lantl,abor
operating railroad employes was
$56.45 for a 48-hour straight time
work week, less than other indue*
trial workers make in 40 hoqjg,
r« ?-*r
Governor of the State of New York
Gompers laid down a political axiom for labor which has endured
(cooperative relationship with the responsible leadership of the AFL
]IBwfll hwlfllv ■tUIIVj
WtSDS Sfilf III Flfl?
revere this day. Framers of the
A 171 I lBH1 Rights specifically named
ArL beader bays Keds
Trying To Sabotage ERP
(houses when they established their
(guarantee of secure possession.
(This seems to underscore the im-
Margate, England. Edward J. |purtante of homes and home own
Volz, president of the AFL’s Photo- (erghip to expand the extent of
Engravers Union, charged that|
Communist-controlled labor organ
izations are attempting to sabotage
the Marshall Plan.
Speaking before the annual meet-1
ing of the British Trades Union
Congress in his capacity as frater-1
nal delegate from the American
Federation of Labor, Mr. Volz call-|
ed for cooperation between the Bri
tish and American labor organiza-l
tions to counter the efforts of the|
Communists. He said:
“If the free trade union organ
izations of Britain and America
cooperate and participate actively
in the administration of ERP, then
economic reconstruction, higher!
purchasing power and improved
living conditions will be assured.”!
thirty days.
of Labor unions
have substantial
Earl Founds, 234 West Fifth St.,
died Thursday, September 9 at 3:05
p. m. in City Hospital following a
six-week illness. He was 62.
Mr. Founds lived in the East
Liverpool district for 46 years. He
was a kilnman and was employed
last at Plant 5 of the Homer
Laughlin China Co. He was a mem
ber of Local Union No. 17 of the
National Brotherhood of Operative
He leaves a step-daughter, Mrs.
Fred Coe of Cleveland four sisters,
Mrs. Emma Wolfe, Miss Ola
Founds and Mrs. Erma Mayes, all
of East Liverpool, and Mrs. Mary
Calwell of St. Petersburg, Fla. His
wife, Mrs. Minnie Bealer. Founds,
died in 1988.
Services were held Monday at
10 .*€0 a. m. in the Martin Funeral
Home by Rev. D. Park Chapman,
pastor of the First Church of
Christ. Burial was in Spring Grove
U. S. production of -goods and
services rose to an annual rate of
$248,000,000,000 by July of this
homes for secure possession by the
families who live in them."
A'Whereas. Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen
fit to take irom our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brothei Carol Napier, respected and admired for his fellow
ship and character, and
Whereas, We the members of Local Union 177 recognize
the loss of this Brother, shall cherish and respect the memory
of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy and
esteem, it is hereby further,
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to
his family, a copy of this resolution be published in our
official journal. The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the
minutes of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved families.
Also that our charter be draped in mourning for a period of
-•m. Kt
Committee L. U. No. 177
1 'u
Green declared that the AFL’s
charges that the Taft-Hartley act
would prove to be a “slave labor
law” have been “fully confirmed.”
In an analysis of the GdP’s tac­
tics in letting the “liberal” Stassen
hint that the Republicans would
amend the law, Green charged that
“Mr. Stassen exercises no influence
over the Congressional leaders of
his own party.” He said that the
amendments which the GOP whips
are considering are not liberaliz
ing moves, but amendments “which
would crack down even harder oh
the trade union movement.”
Speaking at the convention of
the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters-AFL, Green said that he
welcomes the debate that was in
augurated in Detroit when Presi
dent Truman called for the repeal
of the anti-union statute, which
last week Stassen tried to defend.
Then the AFL leader took up Stas
sen’s points one by one, refuting
them all. v\
He attacked Stassen’s claim that
T-H hasn’t hurt labor, because
since its passage the highest wage
contracts in history’ have been ne
gotiated. “He forgets that present
day wages are being paid in infla
tion dollars, less than half pre-war
dollars in purchasing power,”
Green explained.
The AFL President added that
Stassen’s Republican party, and its
reactionary Southern Democratic
allies who passed Taft-Hartley
have consistently refused to tackle
the problem of inflation.
Green exposed the fallacy of
Stassen’s justification of Taft
Hartley on the grounds that there
have been fewer strikes since its
7'-^ -A '.
Continuous Show Sunday
"BRUCE “-So oaty
■l» RITA I0HMM -ttOBM COUIOUM -bmm mmm »M
could get deep.
“DAPHNE"-The land
fc v z
5 u '•,«»'!
't A’ V*
"V Thursday, September 16, 1948
Detroit (LPA)—AFL President---------- —7^—
William Green this week blasted
the attempt of the Republican high
command, speaking thru Harold E.
Stassen, to pose as a champion of
liberalism at the same time it de
fends the Taft-Hartley law.
passage than there were in 1946.
“He should have made it clear
that 1946 was the year.of reconver
sion, the year when our feverish
war-time production was suddenly
stopped in its tracks by victory,
and therefore the year of funda
mental industrial upset. Workers
abruptly lost their war-time over
time and sought compensating in
creases in wage rates which were
denied to them during the war by
the stabilization program,’’ Green
“There are innumerable cases of
strikes during the past year which
were caused by no other reason
than the Taft-Hartley law’s own
provisions,” Green said, calling at
tention to.the typos’ strikes.
Another Stassen omission that
Green cited was his failure to men
tion the “work or jail” injunctions
that have been issued under tne
1947 anti-union statute. “A ‘Shock
ing example of the terms of these
injunctions,” Green said, is the
“superinjunction asked for by the
NLRB which would forbid a union
to pay strike benefits to thousands
of workers who quit their jobs in
.Chicago. That means an attempt
by the government to break a
strike by starving out the wives
and children of the strikers.”
“No candidate who defends
Taft-Hartley act or favors its
tention on the statute books
serves the support or the votes of
the American voters. Certainly any
worker who votes for such a candi
date is voting against his own in
terests, and against the interests
of a free America,” President
Green concluded.
Other things may be seized with
might, or purchased with money,
but knowledge is to be gained only
with study.
Demand the Union Label.
1032 Pcnmylvefiia Avenve
was an evil nightmare
love- so hard to
,dwp m$M/e yovr hewt
of woman that drives menmod.

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