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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, November 11, 1948, Image 2

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Labor Carries Truman To Victory,
Defeats Anti-Union Legislators
Washington (LPA)—When President Truman returned to Wash
ington late last week, and rode up Pennsylvania Ave. to the cheers of
800,000 people, six union lenders were in his motorcade. They were
AFL President William Green and Sei retary-Tre i-urer George Meany,
A. E. Lyons, executive- secretary of the Railway Labor Executives
Ass’n, CIO Director of Organization Allan Haywood, IUC Director John
Brophy and United Steelworkers of Amuiica-CIO Secretary-Treasurer
David MacDonald.
No cue disputed tluir right to a prominent place in the parade.
“Labor did it,” the President himself had »aid as the returns came in.
Democratic Nat’l Committee Chair
man J. Howard McGrath echoed his
chiefs remarks when he officially
proclaimed his party’s victory.
“This is a victory for American
labor,” Sen. McGrath declared.
A different atmosphere surround
ed the conservative clique in the
President’s cabinet when they came
out of their campaign hiding to
greet the man for whose cause they
hadn’t turned a hard.
The jovial Truman was notice
ably cool as he shook hands at the
railway station with Defense Sec
retary James Forrt tal, leader of
the conservative blue. “Goodby,
Jimmie,” yelled some youngsters in
v the crowd that jammed Union Sta
tion to “welcome Mr. Truman
Union lenders aren’t wasting any
time lining up a legislative pro
gram’for the Congress they did so
n.much to elect. Already leaders of
both major federations are consult
ing their legislative experts, pre
paring labor’, case for the repeal
of Taft-Hartley, a new price con
trol and housing program, and soc
ial security revitalization.
Taking «tck of their four
months of mtensive campaigning,
CIO-PAC, AFL-LLPE, the railroad
unions RLPL, the Int’l Association
of Machinists Political League, and
the Communications Workers of
America are about agreed on this
sore card:
Of four pro-labor senators up for
reelection all were returned to of
Liberal candidates beat 12 Taft
Hartley senators, and three labor
endor.M candidates replace retir
ing union-baiters.
Only three representatives who
stood with labor against Taft-HArt
ley last year were defeated in the
elections last week—and all of
ilium were ousted by men who
3 it any believe will have an even
^r abr concern for the workers’
About 173 labor-endorsed House
candidates were elected.
In primary fights, unions retired
J4 Taft-Hartley congressmen, and
beat another 66 on Nov. 2—a total
of 8 defeats for House foes of
America’s workers.
Despite these successes, in or
gan izd labor’s most vigorous entry
to date in national politics, leaders
noted o1»erly that unions will have
only 3b reliable friends in the Sen
ate next year, eight less than a
From the south, and from Re
publican districts in the north and
west, about 220 pro-Taft-Hartley
congressmen have been returned to
the lower House.
As they make their plans for the
81st Congress, union men, like Pre
We are equipped
render complete Funer
al and Ambiance Ser
vice, Promptly.
Funeral Home
14B W. Fifth St
Vice Praaklaat
Taft And Hartley
Both Repudiated
Wn?hington (LPA) —Neither
member of the Taft-Hartley team
faced the voters this year. If either
of them had he’d have taken the
licking of his career.
Sen. Robert A. Taft’s Ohio turn
ed against his Republican machine,
gave its electoral votes to President
Truman, chose a Democratic gov
ernor and representative-at-large.
Defeated in the latter race was
Rep. George Bender, the anti-union
fat-boy who rang the cow bell dur
ing the Taft demonstrations at the
Republican national convention.
New Jersey’s 10th Congressional
District rejected Rep. Fred Hart
ley’s would-be successor and sent
to Washington labor-backed Demo
crat Peter J. Rodino Jr. The dis
trict had had enough of Hartleyism
after Fred’s 10 terms.
(Continued From Page One)
Angeles. All three lost to the Re
publican opponents.
California voters cast their bal
lots in 19 state referendums, of
which eight were of direct concern
to the labor movement. The posi
tion taken by the labor movement
was upheld by the voters in five of
the referendums and defeated in
three. On the question of increasing
the tax exemption of veterans, la
bor scored a victory as it did in pre
venting local liquor control and
local liquor enforcement. In addi
tion, the voters repected two re
ferendums which would have put
thousands of fishermen and cannery
workers out of jobs.
The three defeats suffered by the
labor movement were extremely
serious, however. Passed by the
vpters as a measure which will do
away with the California “full
sponsored and pushed by the rail
road interests who spent enormous
bumq fit money for billboard ank
newspaper advertising devoted tv
attacks upon “featherbedding” and
its effect upon the “high cost*of
law for trains, a measure
Senate renpportionment, a mea
sure supported by the labor move
ment in an attempt to remove from
the hands of the large farm inter
ests their control of the state sen
ate, was defeated by more than two
to one. Here again, the attacks up
on the measure were carried on in
the name of “preserving the Am
erienn way of life.”
The labor-supported measure to
set up a public-housing agency was
also badly defeated with every
possible advertising and newspaper
appeal made by the real estate in
terests to kill any possibility of
large-scale public housing being
set up in California.
sident Truman, are counting on
Home of the 80th Congress’ Tnft
Hartleyites taking the election re
turns to heart.
They believe that if labor in
every state will continue to take
the interest in politics between
elections that it did on Nov. 2 some
of these votes can be swung over,
Taft-Hartley repealed, and pro
gressive social legislation put on
the statute books of the US.
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1941 DODGE iy2 TON DUMP TRUCK—Two Speed
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Money Loaned
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The Potters Savings & Loan Co
BLAZES, Treasurer
W. E. DUNLAP, IBw Attorney
In New Home
Building in '49
Rising RosistaDtU to
‘Distorted’ Cosh Soon
By Industry Experts
A 10 per cent drop next yen. In
tM volume of new residential con
.traction le now foreeeet by hour
Inc eConorai.t. and eom. builders.
The key factor in the dedfae will
bo_the stiffening consumer re
Income JdMort"
1 coat of
la a*M to have
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President Truman is pledged to
work for the union-busting law’s
repeal. But there is still a majority
of members in both Houses of Con
gress of men who voted for the
vicious bill.
That the Republican party even
in defeat hasn’t washed its hands
of its Taft-Hartley past is clear.
The GOP paper, the Journal of
Commerce boasted in its Nov. 3
issue, printed before the “horrible
truth” about the election returns
was recognized on Wall Street:
“The voters, who called for new
labor legislation in 1946, now have
endorsed the answer devised by the
80th Congress by electing a Repub
lican administration for 1949-52.
President-elect1 Dewey has firmly
endorsed the law and its aims, and
haft defeated an administration
pledged to its repeal.”
The next day Sen. Robert A.
Taft (R, Ohio) conceded that some
amendments will be made to his
Then the Journal of Commerce
remarked: “It is plain that organ
ized labor’s leaders are seizing up
on the reelection of
man ns the fulcrum for a big push
against restraints, notably the
Taft-Hartley law.”
President Tru-
The GOP delegation in Congress
must decide, the paper concluded,
whether or not to hold out till the
bitter end in support of a law that
has been rejected by the people or
to seek “a compromise” with some
members of “the new majority.”
Union leaders are indeed insist
ing that Taft-Hartley be repealed,
and that the Wagner Act, “labor’s
Magna Carta” again become the
basis of federal industrial relations
legislation. They want to establish
once and for nil a stable govern
ment policy, one that will encour
age the self-organization of work
ers, give uniqns a chance at the
bargaining table, and do justice to
labor and management alike.
Secretary of Labor Maurice
Tobin, one member of the Presi
dent’s cabinet who didn’t let him
down during the campaign, declar
ed last week that repeal of the 1947
law will he one of the new Truman
administration’s first recommenda
tions to the 81st Congress.
Tobin said too that the Labor
Dep’t appropriations, which the
spiteful outgoing Congress cut ns
a slap in the face to the union
movement, will be restored. He
added that he plans to stay on as
You can do your Xmas shopping
early—but always purchase Union
Label goods early and late!
OPA head elected governor of Con
necticut with united labor backing.
CtonW ^41, Th* J«wmI
I Result Called Huge
Public Indorsement
Of Taft-Hartley Act
Waakinften finraM
vetera, who called tor now label
legislation In IMa, now have to
antwer devtamt by tbel
-rltical point as a mult of the
ing that people are for .the Taft-Hartley law can be reversed now, boys.l
Washington (LPA)—Union
chiefs are discussing this week
plans for the legislative work that
will have to be done if the Taft
Hartley law is to be repealed.
There will be 90 fewer Taft
Hartley supporters in the House in
the 81st Congress, 15 fewer in the
Senate, than there were in the re
pudiated 80th. Union leaders know
that labor succeeded in lining up a
majority of the American people
against the Congress which tried to
shackle labor.
Drop Due Dewey Victory Seen as Mandate to Open New Era
Of Government-Business Harmony, Public Confidence
How Dewey Administration
CREDIT CONTROL—WiH contrnM Wetty much a* now,
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inetaHment bnytag rorulotion^ tor**1* tawlMM eoiapa
*Im for votantary ctockn
DEFENSE—High apontot wffl contimte, with oTJartmonU
THE BLIGHT THAT FAILED—-These NY Journal of Commerce headlines the day after election speak for themselves. Assuming that
Dewey had won the election, the business newspaper heralded in the era of big business in the saddle. That line about the Dewey victory prov-
President Of
(Continued From Page One)
sent more than one whole stand
ard size newspaper page. In order
for unions to keep within the con
fines of the act it would require at
torney fees and stenographers,
which would require local unions to
increase dues upon its members
and in turn, “the powers that be’”
could under the act give a cease
and desist order on the amount of
dues the union was charging its
members. I ask, here again as I
asked, Friday what other organiza
tions were required to file non-com
munist affidavits? 1 ask the same
question on the latter, what other
organizations do any government
agency have control over the
amount of dues, reinstatement and
initiation fees. I note that in Penn
sylvania the bar association, or at
torney’s organization has a closed
shop. Does the Taft-Hartley Act
or any other act prohibit this, or
has the supporters of the Taft
Hartley Act done, or are they do
ing anything about this? Appar
ently the answer is no, it just de
pends upon who you are and what
your rank in life might be or per
haps they are so strong on stated
rights they alibi by taking the
position they have .no jurisdiction
and “hands off policy” on the
grounds of statps rights. What a
contrast when it comes to labor
unions. They not only apply federal
restrictions, but the offsprings of
the Taft-Hartley Act have sprang
out in the state legislature in 'var
ious states. For example, we will
take the Furgerson Bill that was
recently enacted into law. The law
prohibits the right of state, county
and municipal employees to strike.
Should they strike they are auto
matically discharged from service
with no other alternntivp. They
must go on working regardless of
the circumstances or give up their
right to employment. Here again
labor finds itself on the boundry
line of involuntary servitude. So
they giv 1 ibor the works just stay
ing outside the bounds of the 13th
Amendment of the Constitution
of the United States of America.
To you my friend out there on the
airways, do you think now, or have
you even thought that the Taft
Hartley Act is representative of
the charter of freedom for union
labor of this country.
“I contend that he who makes
the statement of this kind or even
implies that it is such,* does not
even know the definition of the
word freedom and I would suggest
ithat he get the dictionary and de
fine the word and quit having him
self and others laboring under
false impressions.
“So much for the Taft-Hartley
Act and its unfair offsprings of
the various states. Now to you
trade union members and people
gerurally. Did you in the pioneer
days of this great American labor
movement have a father, grand
father, uncle or any close friend or
relative who had to hold their un
ion meetings along the creeks in
secret, or perhaps was one who
slipped through the lines of the
State Militia and swam a river at
night to get on the other side to
organize the non-union mines, per
haps they might have been one
evicted from company houses be
cause they dared to strike for bet
ter conditions, a higher standard of
living and to make genuine free
trade union movement for you and
I of today. While we may not have
inherited anything in the way of
material things, these pioneers wore
persecuted and thrown in jail like
John Mitchel the great president
of the United Mine Workers of that
day. These courageous workers left
us rich with ideals, principles and
plans to build to higher and great
er levels a free American trade un
ion movement. We of today have
the responsibility and duty to carry
on to greater heights this great
movement that has grown into a
ftmdmental part of American gov
ernment. Not only in appreciation
of the trials and tribulations of our
pioneer ancestors, but to protect
and perpetuate our great unions
for our posterity. So my friends I
am not pleading a case because of
any personal pet peeve that I
might have. I do not in anyway
want to be rude and I hope that
what I have said relative to this
issue will not be taken any other
way than to make my points in
supporting the oppositions,
thoughts and beliefs in connection
v^ith the issue. I want to reiterate
What I said Friday in part, that
we of the trade unions in Guernsey
County are proud of our record of
labor relations and if Messrs. Taft,
Bricker and Griffiths or any other
of the supporters of said act would
like to learn some progressive and
democratic angles on labor rela
tions, how to settle grievances
without such controls as included
in the act, we would be very pleas
ed to give them a demonstration on
how it is done by labor and man
agement. I am not advocating
strikes, I am advocating the demo
cratic way of preventing them and
not the methods of the dictator
countries by preventing them by
fotce of government action. In case
anyone might be concerned as to
whether I am a so called labor un
ion boss, I never bossed any labor
union member in meetings. While
I gm president of today’s sponsors
ofLtfyis broadcast, Local Union No.
122, National Brotherhood of Op
erative Potters, we conduct our un
ion in a democratic manner. I
have been an active worker and
member of the organization since
April 19, 1923 and I have never
been on strike one minute of the
entire time, thanks to two great
democratic organizations, the Pot
ters’ Union referred to and the
United States Potters Association.
“In conclusion, tomorrow is elec
tion day as everyone knows, there
will be millions going to the polls
to vindicate themselves from the
Taft-Hartley Act. I am not going
to say what you should do tomor
row, just think of what the pioneers
of the labor movements would have
you do to defend your rights, such
as J. P. McQuire, John Mitchell,
Samuel Gompers and Mother Jones
and many others who gave theii4
all that you and I might have free
trade unions in this country, then
let your conscience be your guide.
For my part I do not mind telling
you I am going to do as I know
these great men would have me do,
my family and I are going to the
polls and vote against the support
ers of said act, state candidates as
well as those in Washington, name
ly Congressman P. W. Griffith and
George Bender, Congressman at
large and State Senator Furgerson.
1 will vote for those pledged to re
peal the Taft-Hartley Act I thank
you for listening.”
Labor Scores
(Continued From Page One)
gress on. the Democratic ticket, pil
ing up a majority of more than 14,
000 votes. Furcolo’s victory ends
the 12-year tenure of Republican
Charles R. Clason. He campaigned
on a platform featuring repeal of
Taft-Hartley, and was the only
candidate who received the endorse
ment of the joint AFL-CIO commit
tee which conducted labor’s cam
paign in the district. Furcolo, M[ho
won with 81,275 votes to 67,267 for
Clason, captured several tradition
ally Republican towns in this west
ern Massachusetts district.
Local Quits CIO
(Continued From Page One)
CIO and our national union.” He
charged that the BBCU national
officers had acted illegally in post
poning the union’s convention.
To this charge Hebert replied
thkt Rosenbaum himself had made
the motion to postpone the national
convention at a February execu
tive board meeting, and that a sub
sequent membership referendum
confirmed the decision by seven
to one vote.
Defense Key
To Dewey9s
Policy Goals
Investment Revival
On Broad Scale, Top
Banking Group Due
A return et eonOdenco on tM
part ot Invertors vaa balled last
I night In buataeaa nnd financial
I circles aa one of the prlnclpei ro
WatMnptoa Vareoa wu, UI.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 1—Nalonal ults follow th* Repute
tafenn la nunbling along with I 'rtertayeiection.
teteign Itoicy a. arwicent-olect w Cttf-ug,
Shell Oil Pact
Sets Pattern To
End OWIU Strike
San Francisco (LPA) —Striking
oil workers returned to four west
coast refineries last week after
Shell Oil Co. set a pattern of a
12*£c hour raise in an agreement
with Oil Workers Int’l Union.
The raise is retroactive to July
3. The strike has been on since
Sept. 4. Oil workers who have been
accused of strike violence will not
be immediately rehired by the com
pany but may take their cases to a
union-management committee and
to the NLRB.
After Shell signed, the union
reached agreement with Standard
of California at its El Segundo
plant and with Tidewater Ass’n at
several of its production units.
Texaco, Richfield and Union Oil
were still holding out at the eryl of
last week.
Walter Reuther, president of.
United Auto Workers pledged]
UAW aid to the strikers. Said
Reuther: “The UAW recognizes the 1
oil trust’s war on organized work
ers as a part or extension of the
nation-wide campaign to destroy
all of labor. We therefore not only
see the desirability of giving every
assistance to the oil workers, we
know that* wo must. Our own ex
istence is imperiled.”
The best way to get a complete
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ion Label merchandise!
He vigorously attacked the
board’s decision against the Int’l
Longshoremens & Warehousemens
Union in the Sunset Line & Twine
“The decision completely exposes
the claims of the Republican sup
porters of the Taft-HartSey act that
it is a mild law,” Goldberg said.
“The decision also makes it clear
that the NLRB is determined to en
force this anti-labor law in as
harsh a manner as possible,” he
The union’s chief attorney went
on to point out that the board is
trying to create new theories of
what constitutes coercion, as well
as new definitions of a union’s re
sponsibility for the acts of its
“Under this decision,” Goldberg
said, “the federal government is
made a police officer of every pic
ket-line in the nation to regulate
the number and conduct of the pic
Even the NLRB’s own trial ex
aminer, who first took testimony
on the case, held the employer to
blame for the strike, and called
“an incident which the board has
elevated to the level of a federal
offense ‘a petty annoyance’ ”, the
attorney said.
Goldberg contrasted the Sunset
Line & Twine ruling with the
board’s “growing tenderness in
cases in which employers are charg
ed with unfair labor practices.”
This is a prize example of the
results of the passage of the anti
union Taft-Hartley law, Goldberg
emphasized. The dispute began
shortly after the passage of the
1947 statute. Under the Wagner
act the ILWU and the Sunset firm
had had seven years of peaceful
collective bargaining.
“The board’s approach should
make it clear that the act is no
thing more than the use of govern
mental power to weaken labor or
ganizations,” Goldberg said. “This
case reflects a partisan interpreta
tion of a partisan act.”
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Thursday, November 11, 1948
Will Launch Court Fight Against
Ruling Outlawing Mass Picketing
Washington (LPA) The CIO*—------
will immediately launch a court
fight against the NLRB’s ruling
outlawing mass picketing, General
Counsel Arthur Goldberg said this
On the same day that the NLRB
handed down its Taft-Hartley de
cree, the US Supreme Court refus
ed to review a California state
court’s ruling under which 35 strik
ers during a 1946 film industry
strike were convicted for violating
a state anti-mass picketing law.
Hailing the NLRB ruling, big
business mouthpiece Wall St. Jour
nal this week urged NLRB General
Counsel Robert Denham and the
federal courts to immediately start
issuing injunctions “td cover future
outbreaks of violence.”
It urges too that the Republican
Congress, which Wall St. expects
will be elected next week, amend
the Taft-Hartley law to hold un
ions responsible for wages lost by
“non-strikers kept off their jobs
illegally and for the damage suf
fered by their employers.”
King George, Va. (LPA)—In the
most backward way of doing things
imaginable, the school board here
“obeyed” a federal court order to
provide equal white and Negro
school facilities, by dropping five
courses from the white high school
curriculum. It also created a ninth
grade in the Negro school by pro
moting half of the eighth graders.
The reason for all this was to
“show cause” why the school board
should not be held in contempt of
a court order to equalize facilities.
It was all. done the day before the
deadline on the court case came
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East Sixth Street
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