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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, November 11, 1948, Image 4

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Ebe fattens Herald,
Published every Thursday at East Live moot, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owning and
operating the Best Trades Nev and Job Printing Plant in the State.
Entered at Poet Office. East Liveriwl, Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second-class matter.
Accented i mailing at Special Hate* Postage provided for in Section 1109,
Act «f Oetvb.tr L. I*.17. authori/d Au mist £•. iMt.
HARRY L. GILL.™ _______________ —-Editor and Business Manager
One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada. —.——82.00
Prudent Jamm M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, Bast Liverpool, Ottfl
First Vice PrmMenL-E. L. Wheat len Room 215. Broad Street, National Bank Build
ing, Trenton 8, New Jersey ...
Seeond Vice President Frank Hull, 5111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park, Calift
Third Vice Preside' Jam*Slaven, Cannons Mills. East Liverpool, Onio
Fourth Vice Presi- .t Chariot Zimm. r. I1 15 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey
Fifth Vice Pre nt George Nev i, 847 Melrose Avenue, Trenton 9, New Jersey
Sixth Vice Prt-M-nt George I rner, 130 W. Drury Lane, East Liverpool, Ohio
Seventh Pice 1’:. i.i.-rt_________ T. J. Des ...6.’ E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio
Kghth Vice Pr.-id. nt Joshua 1 ,..i i k. Grant Street, Newell, W. Va.
Secretary- I —Chas. F. Jor.lna, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
Mmiufactonre M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ. J. T. HALE
Manufacturers E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ
Labor's Defeat of Sen. Ball Most
Rewarding Triumph
Of all the triumphs registered by labor in the elections,
.he defeat of Senator Joseph H. Ball of Minnesota is perhaps
the most outstanding and the most rewarding.
Senator Ball’s 100 percent anti-labor record set him up
as the Number 1 target for the Minnesota branch of Labor’s
Lea*’ue for Political Education.
Following an active campaign in support of Ball’s op
ponent, Hubert Humphrey, the 37-year-old popular mayor
of Minneapolis and a friend of lalxir, workers flocked to the
polls on election day and knocked Senator Ball right out of
his Senate seat.
Why labor was so opposed to Senator Ball is apparent
from a glance at his record on issues of fital interest to la
bor. He was a staunch supporter of the Taft-Hartley law
and would have made it a tougher measure if it had been
left exclusively to him. Since the passage of that anti-labor
measure, he has advocated changes to strengthen it in favor
of employers. He was the father of the suggestion for an
outright ‘ban on all industry-wide bargaining contracts.
In addition to the Taft-Hartley law issue, Ball voted
against labor’s interests on the Case Bill, railroad retirement
law improvements, the portal-to-portal legislation, anti-in
flation measures, the European Recovery Program, and soc
ial security legislation.
Other notable victories in the Senate races saw labor
successfully eliminating 6 other Senators who voted for the
Taft-Hartley law. Those who were dumped by the avalanche
of labor votes were: C. Douglas Buck of Delaware C. Way
land Brooks of Illinois George A. Wilson of Iowa Chapman
We The People
Tlx* miracle has happened. The American people, in
the tightest and most dramatic political race ever run, have
elected a man as President who fought against seemingly
overwhelming odds. Harry Truman’s victory is all the more
spectacular in view of the loss of the great states of New
York and Pennsylvania to the Republican candidate—states
without whose electorate vote, so the experts opined, the
presidency could hardly be won.
Organized labor’s decisive role in the struggle is amply
proven by congressional election returns. Look at the map
and you’il find many congressional supporters of anti-labor
and anti-social legislation swept away by the popular up
surge. Reveal of the Taft-Hartley Act was lalmr’s prime ob
jective. Now that Congress takes on a new and progressive
complexion, it behooves the trade union forces of America
to press the fight.
Another satisfaction that labor may justly derive from
the outcome is the shattering defeat of the socalled public
opinion polls. President Truman aptly called them sleeping
polls, and that was what they were sup|wsed to be. The Am
erican labor movement, through its political and educational
agencies, has repeatedly voiced its objections to these polls.
It has called them dangerous, ant to jxiison American
d- mocracy and falsify its voice. The 1948 election dramatic
ally affirms labor’s judgment.
The people have spoken. Much as this election left to
be desired, it was inspiring to see the voter so drastically
reassert himself against a Congress which threw everything
but the kitchen stove at him. The 81st Congress is in duty
bound to undo the harm its predecessor inflicted u|Mn the
welfare and proeess of America, and to set a shining ex
ample for years to come.
Bank Profits Average 24 Per Cent
How much profit do banks make? That question is often
asked but seldom answered. Figures are hard to find, but
some are available from report of the Federal Deposit Insur
ance Corporation.
The figures cover “insured commercial banks,” which
include most “national banks’* and many “state banks.” In
general, they give a good picture of bank profits.
In 1947, the profit, of these thousands of banks, “after
taxes,” totaled $781,000,000. Their “capital stock, notes
and debentures,” total $3,193,918,000. Thus, their profits
in 1'.* 17 were 24 per cent on their capital.
in addition, these banks had $4,316,404,000 “surplus,”
which is [Mist profits held in their strong .boxes. Added to
their 1947 profits of $781,000,000 “after taxes,” that makes
a total of $5,097,404,000 “pn hand,” or more than 160 per
cent on their capital.
Live Forever On Earth?
Dr. T. II. Harrison, president of the American Heart
Association, tells life insurance company doctors that medic
al scientists may discover a “chemical substance” that, taken
into the body, will prevent old age and enable people to live
far longer. They might even live forever.
That’s a startling idea, and mighty attractive. The hope
of immortality in a better world does not seem enough for
most folks. They want to go on livinr right here on earth.
We wonder, however, if this world would ever get much
better, if the men who made it stayed on the job. Perhaps
it’s iust as well each generation gets a chance to try its hand
at the helm.
vi nnnvHi “With the end of rent control, consumer spending will
Revercon’?° of *West° Virginia Edward V.^Robertson of ^go back to the^prewar pattern. Then rent absorbed 19 per
Wyoming and Henry C. Dworshak of Idaho. ort 10
Example Of Constructive Progress ..-/5
In a discussion of prices, profits and wages, the Ameri
can Federation of Labor points to the electric utility indus
try as an example of constructive progress.
“In railroads and utilities,” the AFL says in its month
ly survey, “where prices are controlled by government com
missions, the part paid to wages has increased, that to pro
fits has decreased from 1939 to 1947. It has not been easy
for either of these industries to increase profits by raising
prices to the consumer.
“In fact, in electric utilities, the average price^per kilo-'
watt hour of electric current sold to homes has declined
steadily since 1939 while wages have risen. Yet because the
industry has cut costs and improved efficiency by installing
new machinery profits are satisfactory. Output per man
hour has increased 36 percent since prewar.
“This is an example of constructive progress: Increas
ing wages, costs lowered by improved efficiency, prices de
clining so that sales of electric current to American homes
have increased 60 percent since 1939, resulting in greatly
increased production and satisfactory profits. But this in
dustry is the exception. Industry in general has followed a
high price policy which has made serious inroads into the
living standards of workers and other consumers since the
“We do not advocate government control of prices for
any other industry, but point to the utility industry because
it proves that price increases can be avoided or kept to A
minimum,” the AFL says in conclusion.
The Commies And Unions
Did you ever hear of a Russian Soviet Labor Union go
ing on strike? Or of a commie Union doing anything but
kowtow to the commie czars in the Kremlin? The only Un
ions they have in Russia are those which the commies oper
ate, and there is no nonsense about free speech, higher
wages, better working conditions, better food, or strikes.
They shoot anybody who talks about striking.
Yet, recently when General MacArthur told a socalled
Union of Japanese government workers that they must not
strike, the Russian commies got all heated up and issued a
complaint charging that such an order infringes on the
rights of free Labor. Can you beat that? We in America
recognize that strikes against the government must be pre
vented. Unions of government employes know and under
stand that they must depend upon the honesty and the
moral standards of informed and intelligence for economic
Rent Control Helps Business
If businessmen would use common sense, instead of be
lieving the nonsense put out by propagandists, they would
stop cutting their own throats.
If they would think for themselves on rent control, for
example, they would arrive at the conclusions reached this
week by J. A. Livingston, whose column on business and fin
ance appears in a number of conservative newspapers.
“Today,” he says, “householders are using ‘rent money’
—that used to go to the landlord—for other purposes. Today
70 out of every 100 consumer dollars are spent at retail. In
prewar days, “the butcher, baker, lipstick maker” and other
merchants “corralled only 55 to 60 per cent of consumer in
come,” because rent took a larger share.
cent and food 32 per cent of each dollar, as against 12 per
cent and 42 per cent, respectively, nowadays.”
No Color Line, Please
There are heartening indications that wage earners and
consumers groups are determined to push repeal of federal
anti-margarine legislation to a successful conclusion. Our
readers will recall this year’s battle for removal of oleo
taxes it stopped just short of victory, thanks to the machin
ations of the dairy lobby in the 80th Congress. If the 81st
Congress places repeal on its early must list, so much the
Meanwhile, the dairy interests have taken the initia
tive by proposing a flat ban on the yellow coloring of mar
garine. The move strikes us well in line with the old maxim
that the best defense is attack. Fortunately, Senator J.
William Fulbright and other legislative leaders in the fight
for repeal have made clear that they do not intend to com
promise on that vital issue.
We have no use for color lines we don’t like them on
margarine either. Nevertheless, the proposal shows that
even the dairy boys have become aware of the growing pub
lic demand that repeal of these discriminatory practices be
made an early and urgent order of congressional business.
That, all elements of organized labor are agreed, is in accord
with the wishes and interests of the working men and
women of America. While food prices have somewhat de
clined in recent weeks, this is the time to press forward by
insisting on removal of all barriers, federal and state,
against the unrestricted use of margarine. The American
people will accept nothing less.
Amazing Change In Farm Picture
Farmers were “going broke” back in the 1920’s and
1930’s. How have they fared in recent years? Some interest
ing answers are in a rejKirt entitled “Balance Sheet of Agri
culture.” It compares farmers’ financial condition in 1940
and 1948.
Between those years, total value of the assets owned by
all American farmers increased from $53.8 billion to $122.2
billion, a rise of 127 per cent.
Their “cash and bank deposits” shot up from $3.9 billion
to $15.6 billion, an increase of 300 percent, and their “U. S.
savings bonds” from only $249 million to $4.7 billion, or
1,806 per cent.
Meanwhile, the “real estate mortgage” burden on farm
ers was lightened from $6.5 billion to $4.8 billion, a decrease
of 26 per cent.
"lob Only Begun"
It is the firm intention of the American Federation of
Labor to continue Labor’s League for Political Education as
its permanent political arm on the same strictly non-partisan
basis on which it was founded. Our job in the political field
has only begun.
We know it will be extremely encouraging to labor’s
friends in Congress to realize that they can count upon us
for continuing support.
The need for effective political organization in every
State and Congressional district will be even greater in 1950
than in 1948. The great public interest that’s engenders in
Presidential election campaigns normally evaporates in off
year elections. That is what hapjiened in 1946 when only
one-third of the eligible voters in America took the trouble
to go to the polls. The result was the election of the reaction
ary 80th Congress. We must not let that happen again in
..ti n n ft
To judge from the newspapers, John L. Lewis has stirred up an­
O fl ft ft Mi ..................
other hornet’s nest by coming out in support of the striking coal
miners of France and calling upon the Truman administration as well
as organized labor to mind Marshall Plan expenditures lest they are
used by a tottering regime to wage war on French citizens. Well, I for
one, share the apprehensions of Mr. Lewis and his pointed reminder
that “what the French miners need is more pay wherewith to buy
more food, accompanied by decent recognition and fair treatment.
They could then be relied upon to overthrow any present Communist
leadership or infiltration.”
Last year I visited France. France was then as now locked in the
grip of civil war. Powerful right, left and center groups were com
peting for political supremacy. I talked with a great many people,
government officials, labor leaders, politicians, businessmen, unions
members. I saw for myself the plight of the French workers and the
miserable conditions under which they subsist.
Surely, miners whose wages amount to the equivalent of less than
$50 per month—and the purchasing power of that money is not greater
in France than in the United States—have every reason to stand up
and fight for their economic rights. Surely, no one can begrudge
them for trying to gain what little betterment can be had at a time
when enormous sums of the American taxpayers’ money are poured
out for the reconstruction of Europe. I don’t.
That the French miners’ despair and determination to carry the
strike to a half-way successful conclusion is exploited by Communists
and Moscow stooges goes without saying. But it is way off to brand
the strike a mere Communist maneuver, instigated and kept alive for
the purpose of wrecking European recovery. In the first place, the
miners, in need of food and other essentials, would not lend them
selves to purely political ends. Second, Christian workers, anti-Com
munists and Communist-led groups alike participate in the one-month
old strike. (Non-Communist unions have order*d their members to
return to work, according to latest reports.—Ed.) Last, but not least,
things have come to a pretty pass when every attempt to improve la-,
bur’s economic standing becomes a convenient signpost on which to
hang anti-Communist slogans.
This obsession is neither in the interest of organized labor hior of
a progressive democracy. The doughty leade/ of the United Mine
Workers is on sound grounds when writing to AFL President Green:
“The future of France will be dark indeed in every economic,
social and political sense if American money, American guns and
American bullets are to be used to shoot, starve and oppress
French citizens, while the bureaucrats and the financially powerful
in France subsist on American resources and deny the human
element of the population any participation in the largesse of the
Marshall Plan.”
Whatever the conflicting emotions that seem to color every labor
story from abroad, John Lewis’ bold stand for the French miners is
justified. Nor is he wrong in demanding that ERP money pouring into
France and elsewhere be used for placing food in the empty stomachs
of hungry workers, to use Mr. Lewis’ picturesque phrase.
Or does any thinking person really believe that France is likely
to escape the lure of communism or some other totalitarianism while
the working people are underpaid and living under conditions which
no worker in the most backward section of America would willingly
accept? It is high time mankin I everywhere realized the simple truth
that mass poverty and exploitation leave little room for the rays of
freedom, human decency and progress to filter through.
That John Lewis, coincidentally, finds himself in agreement with
Arthur Horner, Communist general secretary of the British Mine
workers’ Union, must not becloud our judgment. Though 1 have no
sympathies whatever for the political cause Horner embraces, I am
mindful of the soundness of his stand as a trade unionist. When re
buked by the union’s executive committee for having endorsed the
French mine strike, he said: “I’m carrying on. I’ve been condemned
for supporting the cause of the French miners. I’m content that his
tory should record that fact.”
Now it is all over. We, the people of the United States of America,
have made our choice. We have, in democratic, free elections, selected
those whom we wish to run our government. The will of the majority
has prevailed.
Where do we go from here?
We sometimes talk of government being merely a big corpora
tion with us as its stockholders. We say complacently that we choose
men for office on the same basis as a company hiring executives. I
don’t like that analogy. I don’t like the “hired hand” sobriquet. Be
sides, votes at a stockholders’ meeting are determined by the number
of shares of stock, not the number of stockholders.
i I like to think of our elections as a modern version, of the way
they chose militia captains on the frontier. Defense, then as now, was
a mutual problem. The men of fighting age selected as a captain that
one of their neighbors who they thought could make the best decisions
in an emergency, who could plan ahead, who could fight hard—and
take the fewest risks with the lives of his men. Once they had made
their choice, they might argue with their capf&in, but they followed
his orders.
Did your candidate get elated? Now don’t go feeling big and
throwing your weight around. This wasn’t a contest. It was an elec
tion. You wanted your-man in because you thought he was a good man
for the work to be done. So don’t let up on your end of the task.
Don’t expect or demand favors. If you think he is getting off the
track, write and tell him so. But don’t think he is going'to perform
miracles all at once. Gi\e him a little time to learn hL job. And park
your pre-election prejudices until next election!
Did your candidate get defeated? So what! The advantage of
the democratic system is that there is always another election. And
the majority won. Maybe it was because your side didn’t work hard
enough. Maybe it was apathy or indifference. That needn’t affect you.
Now is the time for you to show what stuff you are made of, and to
get behind the government chosen by your fellow Americans. The
country is a lot bigger than any one man or any group of men. Don’t
be a spoil sport, or try to run interference in the game. Organize op
position to policies you don’t like—yes—but let it be constructive op
position. Say what you think—but be sure you use facts, not fancies.
1 Where do we go from here? The political campaign is over. Just
as over ns the World Series. Now let’s get bark to work. It is our
government. We made our own selection of lee rs. Now let us get
behind those leaders and prove the worth of democracy.
Thursday, November 11, 1948
Labor Gets Second Wind
Labor has won the greatest political victory in the history of the
What will we db with that victory?
The magnitude and sweep of that victory, and the fact that the
American people, beginning with President Truman and Democratic
Nat’l Chairman McGrath and including the press, radio and leaders of
all parties, agree that it is our victory, off labor its greatest opportun
ity. It also presents labor with its heaviest responsibility. Labor must
not fail. It has at the most four years in which to use the political
standing won on Nov. 2 to build a stable and dynamic domestic econ
omy that will insure full employment and a steadily rising standard
of living for all. At the same time our nation must be winning and
the world-wide cold war between the idea that the individual human
being is a piece of machinery to be pushed around, used up and scrap
ped by a managerial dictatorship.
Labor itself was almost stunned by the completeness of the vic
President Truman, in his first statement, said: “Labor did it.”
Chairman McGrath of the Democratic Nat’l Committee said: “This
is a victory for American labor.”
These two statements together mean that for the first time in
American history labor has been given the primary credit for victory
in a national election. Truman’s victory is labor’s victory. Truman
said so. McGrath said so. Editors, commentators, and other “experts”,
slowly recovering from embarrassment over having elected Dewey
before Nov. 2, say so.
Labor, between now and Jan. 20, has &ot to come up with:
—a bold, thorough and comprehensive plan that goes beyond the
necessary but limited objectives such as repeal of Taft-Hartley, a $1
an hour mini mum wage, increased and broadened social security and a
national health insurance plan, low-cost housing, federal aid to educa
tion, and all the others.
—it must embark on a bold program for dealing with the infla
tion-ECA-national defense emergency which requires an integrated
anti-inflation program including a price-freeze, price control, ration
ing, rent control, priorities and allocations of scarce materials, tighter
credit controls including restriction Jf the 90% lAans on low cost
homes and low rent apartments, restoration of the excess profits tax,
exemption of incomes below $5090 from taxation and mandatory joint
xtax returns in all states, and a recapture tax on speculative ^profits in
cluding inventory gains.
to meet the emergency need and to provide a beginning for a
future that can insure a rising standard of living enjoyed by all, the
President and Congress must quickly break production bottlenecks by
expanding steel capacity and production by 8 to 10,000,000 tons, put
ting marginal plants, mines and other facilities back into production
on a subsidy basis, assisting private operators to expand and when
they can’t or won’t, building and operating supplemental government
owned capacity to meet current domestic, European recovery program
and subsequent needs of a full employment economy.
ditto for oil production and distribution. Ditto to break the
power production bottleneck by speeding up water power development,
steam plants and the production of turbines, dynamos and generators,
which now hold back the over-all expansion needed to break a present
power deficit in New England, the northwest and elsewhere. Ditto
for coal production. Ditto for building material production and mass
fabrication of housing units. Ditto for railroad facilities.
and the above is not a complete list. Included also should be
an immediate start on the application of the successful TVA method
to the Missouri and other river valleys. The new Congress will have
fighting Senators and Representatives from these valleys to carry
this battle to the private utility lobbies.
the findings of the Temporary Nat’l Economic Committee
should be used to stop and reverse the steady trend toward monopoly
domination of industry and banks and government. Perhaps by re
viving the O’Mahoney bill for the registration of corporations, com
pelling them, in exchange for the hunting license they obtain in their
articles of incorporation, to furnish automatically certain information
necessary to maintaining a healthy economy.
labor must fight for continued adequate appropriations for
ECA, and for administering ECA aid, so as to promote democracy in
the aided countries with labor participation in that administration
from top to bottom. ECA aid, adequately financed, is the only prac
tical alternative to a hot war. That is why the Communists here and
elsewhere fight ECA more than any other US policy.
supplementing ECA, on a normal long term basis, reciprocal
trade agreements should be revised by renewing the act for at least
three years, to give the President the power formerly held to reduce
tarriffs by mutual agreement as much as 50%.
The demand for a bold, thorough program cannot be ducked.
Either it will be offered and put into effect with good results—or the
opportunity will be missed and, by 1950 or 1952, labor and the Truman
administration will be headed for the political doghouse. Twice in our
generation—one by the miracle that Franklin Delano Roosevelt in
1932 was a liberal—and now by our own hard work, labor is given the
chance to shape the destiny of our children.
Labor, flushed and perhaps a little dizzy in the moment of suc
cess, should not demobilize its political action and planning machinery.
It should be kept intact and used to supply the political support and
pressure that President Truman and the Congress must have to make
performance equal the promises so simply, clearly and sincerely made
by Truman in performing a political miracle with—as he was the first
to say—the help of the organized working men and women of America.
In most communities this is Community Chest season. It is one
of the truly important seasons of the year.
Community Chest season comes just ahead of the Thanksgiving
season, which is one of the most American of all American special sea
If YOUR Community Chest fails you will have a little less to be
thankful for and a lot of unfortunates will be in an even worse predica
I know there are cynics who will point to our more than sixty
million employed persons, with relatively good pay envelopes and who
will say that any person who wants to work can get it and the devil
take the hindmost.
All of us have heard such remarks. Usually they are a device for
covering up selfishness.
No matter how big our employed total, nor how large our total
payrolls, there will be the unfortunates, the misfits, the weak and the
plain unfortunate.
And there IS such a thing as community responsibility.
Money is not-the cure for everything, nor does it prevent all need.
There are many needs besides the need for food, shelter and clothing.
Community Chest agencies have saved many a home on the verge
of smash.
Many an orphan has been given a sound new beginning in a new
home, because_of the work of a Community Chest agency.
Many a sick room has been given nursing service, otherwise un
obtainable, bee u se of a Community Chest agency. And the family
bank roll has lit 11* or nothing to do with the case.
The Boy Scouts and the Girl Scouts live because of Community
Chests and so do the Y’s.
If you are a skeptic about Community Chests, go have a lode. Get
an earful and an eyeful. Get the story straight.
Unionism ought to be in the first line of supporters. And more
labor men ought to be on Chest agency boards of directors.
I know Something about Community Chests. And I know some
thing about the things that can happen to human beings.
I know of a family now under care in a certain city, because of
This family does not want to return to its own home, because, as
the man puts it, when the family had a home his daily diet was canned
beans, three times a day and almost seven days a week*,
Bad judgement, many will say—or, bad management.
Perhaps, but listen. That man can neither read nor write. The
result is that he has a low-paid job in a laundry, probably a non-union
laundry. His earning power is and will continue to be low.
Well, the community has a responsibility there and it can’t be
dodged. Nor can it be talked away with nice talk.
Cases? Yes, by the thousand. And in every community.
It’s no good, trying to be smug about it. It is there. And it gnaws
at the vital of society.
We are in the midst of a world struggle in which democracy must
vindicate itself. It must prove that it offers a superior way of life.
The other side of the conflict can hide its short-comings. It can
and does conceal its injustices and its miseries.
Our democracy stands in the open, where all may scrutinize.
We cannot hide anything, nor do we want to hide anything.
Our weakness stands out, stark and cold and often magnified.
Some say we don’t like charity. O. K. Then don’t call it charity.
Call it mutual assistance. The stronger help the weaker. Any of us
may tomorrow be among the weaker.
We care for each other’s well-being, so we help each other. That
isn’t charity.
It is human decency.
I write about this only because too often we think only of our
own personal or group problems. Such things often are not on meet
ing programs or acmdas.
Well, let’s put them there. Let’s help the unfortunate. Let’s help

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